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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718023/two-year-survey-of-specific-hospital-wastewater-treatment-and-its-impact-on-pharmaceutical-discharges
#1
Laure Wiest, Teofana Chonova, Alexandre Bergé, Robert Baudot, Frédérique Bessueille-Barbier, Linda Ayouni-Derouiche, Emmanuelle Vulliet
It is well known that pharmaceuticals are not completely removed by conventional activated sludge wastewater treatment plants. Hospital effluents are of major concern, as they present high concentrations of pharmaceutically active compounds. Despite this, these specific effluents are usually co-treated with domestic wastewaters. Separate treatment has been recommended. However, there is a lack of information concerning the efficiency of separate hospital wastewater treatment by activated sludge, especially on the removal of pharmaceuticals...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702034/cardr1-an-rna-dependent-rna-polymerase-plays-a-positive-role-in-pepper-resistance-against-tmv
#2
Lei Qin, Ning Mo, Yang Zhang, Tayeb Muhammad, Guiye Zhao, Yan Zhang, Yan Liang
RNA silencing functions as a major natural antiviral defense mechanism in plants. RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RDRs) that catalyze the synthesis of double-stranded RNAs, are considered as a fundamental element in RNA silencing pathways. In Arabidopsis thaliana, RDR1, 2 and 6 play important roles in anti-viral RNA silencing. Expression of RDR1 can be elevated following plant treatment with defense hormones and virus infection. RDR1 has been studied in several crop species, but not in pepper (Capsicum annuum L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695557/impact-of-new-technologies-and-experience-on-procedural-aspects-of-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-a-process-analysis
#3
Bettina Langhammer, Maria Nucera, Lars Englberger, Eva Roost, David Reineke, Florian Schönhoff, Henriette Most, Bernhard Winkler, Fabian Gisler, Thierry Carrel, Christoph Huber
BACKGROUND: Surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) is the treatment of choice in severe symptomatic aortic valve disease. New techniques and prostheses have been recently developed to facilitate the procedure and reduce aortic cross-clamp time (AOx). The aim of this study was to analyse the different procedural steps in order to identify the most time-consuming part during aortic clamping time and to compare impact of experience on procedural aspects. METHODS: AOx during SAVR was divided into five consecutive steps...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692078/modeling-of-alcohol-oxidase-enzyme-of-candida-boidinii-and-in-silico-analysis-of-competitive-binding-of-proton-ionophores-and-fad-with-enzyme
#4
Mohammad Wahab Khan, Ayaluru Murali
Alcohol oxidase (AOX) is an important flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) dependent oxidoreductase, which is responsible for converting methanol into formaldehyde and hydrogen peroxide for the growth of methylotrophic yeast Candida boidinii. Although AOX plays a crucial role in methanol catabolism, the experimental structure of AOX from Candida boidinii has not been elucidated. This study reports the first complete in silico model of AOX from C. boidinii. This paper also reports the AOX structure modeled using the threading approach, followed by structure analysis and molecular dynamics simulation...
July 10, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680590/variance-components-and-correlations-of-female-fertility-traits-in-chinese-holstein-population
#5
Aoxing Liu, Mogens Sandø Lund, Yachun Wang, Gang Guo, Ganghui Dong, Per Madsen, Guosheng Su
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate (co)variance components of female fertility traits in Chinese Holsteins, considering fertility traits in different parities as different traits. Data on 88,647 females with 215,632 records (parities) were collected during 2000 to 2014 from 32 herds in the Sanyuan Lvhe Dairy Cattle Center, Beijing, China. The analyzed female fertility traits included interval from calving to first insemination, interval from first to last insemination, days open, conception rate at first insemination, number of inseminations per conception and non-return rates within 56 days after first insemination...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673232/expression-of-ciona-intestinalis-aox-causes-male-reproductive-defects-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#6
Sina Saari, Ana Andjelković, Geovana S Garcia, Howard T Jacobs, Marcos T Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial alternative respiratory-chain enzymes are phylogenetically widespread, and buffer stresses affecting oxidative phosphorylation in species that possess them. However, they have been lost in the evolutionary lineages leading to vertebrates and arthropods, raising the question as to what survival or reproductive disadvantages they confer. Recent interest in using them in therapy lends a biomedical dimension to this question. METHODS: Here, we examined the impact of the expression of Ciona intestinalis alternative oxidase, AOX, on the reproductive success of Drosophila melanogaster males...
July 3, 2017: BMC Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620034/structural-insights-into-the-alternative-oxidases-are-all-oxidases-made-equal
#7
REVIEW
Benjamin May, Luke Young, Anthony L Moore
The alternative oxidases (AOXs) are ubiquinol-oxidoreductases that are members of the diiron carboxylate superfamily. They are not only ubiquitously distributed within the plant kingdom but also found in increasing numbers within the fungal, protist, animal and prokaryotic kingdoms. Although functions of AOXs are highly diverse in general, they tend to play key roles in thermogenesis, stress tolerance (through the management of radical oxygen species) and the maintenance of mitochondrial and cellular energy homeostasis...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596420/analysis-of-post-translational-activation-of-alternative-oxidase-isoforms
#8
Jennifer Selinski, Andreas Hartmann, Adrian Kordes, Gabriele Deckers-Hebestreit, James Whelan, Renate Scheibe
Mitochondrial alternative oxidase (AOX) in plants is a non-proton-motive ubiquinol oxidase that is activated by redox mechanisms and 2-oxo acids. A comparative analysis of AOX isoenzymes AOX1A, AOX1C, and AOX1D from Arabidopsis thaliana revealed that cysteine residues, CysI and CysII, are both involved in 2-oxo acid activation, with AOX1A activity being more increased by 2-oxo acids than that of AOX1C and AOX1D. Substitution of cysteine in AOX1A by glutamate mimiked its activation by pyruvate or glyoxylate, but not in AOX1C and AOX1D...
June 8, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594709/effect-of-oxidative-stress-on-racial-differences-in-vascular-function-at-rest-and-during-hand-grip-exercise
#9
Rebecca M Kappus, Kanokwan Bunsawat, Michael D Brown, Shane A Phillips, Jacob M Haus, Tracy Baynard, Bo Fernhall
OBJECTIVES: African-Americans have a higher prevalence of hypertension compared with whites, possibly due to elevated oxidative stress and subsequent vascular dysfunction. It is unclear the contribution of aging on oxidative stress and vascular function in a racially diverse cohort. METHODS: Ninety-three young and older African-American and white participants received antioxidant (AOX) or placebo supplementation in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design. Measures of endothelial function (reactive hyperemia, flow-mediated dilation), exercise blood flow, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and AOX activity were measured following supplementation...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592278/effects-of-oil-quality-and-antioxidant-supplementation-on-sow-performance-milk-composition-and-oxidative-status-in-serum-and-placenta
#10
Guoqi Su, Junmei Zhao, Guangbo Luo, Yue Xuan, Zhengfeng Fang, Yan Lin, Shengyu Xu, De Wu, Jun He, Lianqiang Che
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of oil quality and antioxidant (AOX) supplementation on sow performance, milk composition and oxidative status. METHODS: A total of 80 PIC (PIC breeding, 3 ~ 5 parities) sows with similar body condition were allocated to four groups (n = 20), receiving diets including fresh corn oil, oxidized corn oil, fresh corn oil plus AOX and oxidized corn oil plus AOX, respectively, from d 85 of gestation to d 21 of lactation...
June 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554642/chemical-rules-on-the-assessment-of-antioxidant-potential-in-food-and-food-additives-aimed-at-reducing-oxidative-stress-and-neurodegeneration
#11
REVIEW
Rafael Franco, Eva Martínez-Pinilla
Antioxidants (aOXs) enlarge the useful life of products consumed by humans. Life requires oxidation of glucose/fatty acids and, therefore, "antioxidant" becomes an oxymoron when trying to define benefits in organisms living in an oxygen-rich atmosphere. According to basic physico-chemical principles, the in vivo aOX potential of food supplements is negligible when compared with the main aOX molecules in the animal Kingdom: glucose and fatty acids. Thus, the aOX assumption to improve life-quality is misleading as oxidative stress and exacerbation occur when oxidant foods (e...
November 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526768/direct-comparison-of-the-enzymatic-characteristics-and-superoxide-production-of-the-four-aldehyde-oxidase-enzymes-present-in-mouse
#12
Gokhan Kucukgoze, Mineko Terao, Enrico Garattini, Silke Leimkuhler
Aldehyde oxidases (AOXs) are molybdoflavoenzymes with an important role in the metabolism and detoxification of heterocyclic compounds and aliphatic as well as aromatic aldehydes. The enzymes use oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor and produce reduced oxygen species during turnover. Four different enzymes, mAOX1, mAOX3, mAOX4 and mAOX2, which are the products of distinct genes, are present in the mouse. A direct and simultaneous comparison of the enzymatic properties and characteristics of the four enzymes has never been performed...
May 19, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515141/glucagon-induced-extracellular-camp-regulates-hepatic-lipid-metabolism
#13
Sihan Lv, Xinchen Qiu, Jian Li, Jinye Liang, Weida Li, Chao Zhang, Zhenning Zhang, Bing Luan
Hormonal signals help to maintain glucose and lipid homeostasis in the liver during periods of fasting. Glucagon, a pancreas-derived hormone induced by fasting, promotes gluconeogenesis through induction of intracellular cAMP production. Glucagon also stimulates hepatic fatty acid oxidation but the underlying mechanism is poorly characterized. Here we reported that following the acute induction of gluconeogenic genes Glucose 6 phosphatase (G6Pase) and Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (Pepck) expression through CREB, glucagon triggers a second delayed phase of fatty acid oxidation genes Acyl-coenzyme A oxidase (Aox) and Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (Cpt1a) expression via extracellular cAMP...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500267/impaired-mitochondrial-transcription-termination-disrupts-the-stromal-redox-poise-in-chlamydomonas
#14
Andreas Uhmeyer, Michela Cecchin, Matteo Ballottari, Lutz Wobbe
In photosynthetic eukaryotes, the metabolite exchange between chloroplast and mitochondria ensures efficient photosynthesis under saturating light conditions. The Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant stm6 is devoid of the mitochondrial transcription termination factor MOC1 and aberrantly expresses the mitochondrial genome, resulting in enhanced photosynthetic hydrogen production and diminished light tolerance. We analyzed the modulation of mitochondrial and chlororespiration during the acclimation of stm6 and the MOC1-complemented strain to excess light...
July 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487309/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-marmoset-aldehyde-oxidase
#15
Shotaro Uehara, Yasuhiro Uno, Eriko Okamoto, Takashi Inoue, Erika Sasaki, Hiroshi Yamazaki
Common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), New world monkeys, are a promising primate model for preclinical drug metabolism studies due to the similarities of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme function to those of humans. Despite an increasing number of drug candidates catalyzed by non-P450 enzymes, drug metabolizing enzymes other than P450s have been hardly identified or characterized in marmosets. In this study, we identified aldehyde oxidase (AOX) 1 gene by marmoset genome analysis. AOX1 cDNA was cloned from marmoset livers by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
May 9, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474310/minipig-and-human-metabolism-of-aldehyde-oxidase-substrates-in-vitro-in-vivo-comparisons
#16
David J Wilkinson, Rosalind L Southall, Mingguang Li, Lisa M Wright, Lindsay J Corfield, Thomas A Heeley, Benjamin Bratby, Ranbir Mannu, Sarah L Johnson, Victoria Shaw, Holly L Friett, Louise A Blakeburn, John S Kendrick, Michael B Otteneder
The importance of aldehyde oxidase (AOX) is becoming increasingly recognized in the prediction of human pharmacokinetic parameters from animal data. The objectives of these studies were to ascertain whether an in vitro-in vivo correlation existed in the clearance and metabolic pathways of AOX substrates and to establish whether the minipig represented an appropriate non-rodent model for man in the pre-clinical development of drugs metabolized by AOX. Using the AOX substrates carbazeran, 6-deoxypenciclovir and zaleplon, clearance was estimated from in vitro depletion experiments with minipig and human liver cytosol and microsomes and scaled before comparison with data generated in parallel in vivo studies in minipigs...
July 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459876/alternative-oxidase-aox-constitutes-a-small-family-of-proteins-in-citrus-clementina-and-citrus-sinensis-l-osb
#17
Jacqueline Araújo Castro, Monique Drielle Gomes Ferreira, Raner José Santana Silva, Bruno Silva Andrade, Fabienne Micheli
The alternative oxidase (AOX) protein is present in plants, fungi, protozoa and some invertebrates. It is involved in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, providing an alternative route for the transport of electrons, leading to the reduction of oxygen to form water. The present study aimed to characterize the family of AOX genes in mandarin (Citrus clementina) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) at nucleotide and protein levels, including promoter analysis, phylogenetic analysis and C. sinensis gene expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441769/uva-uvb-and-uvc-light-enhances-the-biosynthesis-of-phenolic-antioxidants-in-fresh-cut-carrot-through-a-synergistic-effect-with-wounding
#18
Bernadeth B Surjadinata, Daniel A Jacobo-Velázquez, Luis Cisneros-Zevallos
Previously, we found that phenolic content and antioxidant capacity (AOX) in carrots increased with wounding intensity. It was also reported that UV radiation may trigger the phenylpropanoid metabolism in plant tissues. Here, we determined the combined effect of wounding intensity and UV radiation on phenolic compounds, AOX, and the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) activity of carrots. Accordingly, phenolic content, AOX, and PAL activity increased in cut carrots with the duration of UVC radiation, whereas whole carrots showed no increase...
April 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427089/editor-s-highlight-exposure-to-crvi-during-early-pregnancy-increases-oxidative-stress-and-disrupts-the-expression-of-antioxidant-proteins-in-placental-compartments
#19
Sakhila K Banu, Jone A Stanley, Kirthiram K Sivakumar, Robert J Taylor, Joe A Arosh, Robert C Burghardt
Epidemiologic studies document relationships between chromium VI (CrVI) exposure and increased risk of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, preterm birth, and neonatal death in pregnant women. Environmental contamination with CrVI is a growing problem both in the United States and developing countries. CrVI is widely used in numerous industries. This study was designed to understand the mechanism of CrVI toxicity on placental oxidative stress and antioxidant (AOX) machinery. Pregnant mother rats were treated with or without CrVI (50 ppm K2Cr2O7) through drinking water from gestational day (GD) 9...
February 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424712/a-functional-approach-towards-understanding-the-role-of-the-mitochondrial-respiratory-chain-in-an-endomycorrhizal-symbiosis
#20
Louis Mercy, Eva Lucic-Mercy, Amaia Nogales, Areg Poghosyan, Carolin Schneider, Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are crucial components of fertile soils, able to provide several ecosystem services for crop production. Current economic, social and legislative contexts should drive the so-called "second green revolution" by better exploiting these beneficial microorganisms. Many challenges still need to be overcome to better understand the mycorrhizal symbiosis, among which (i) the biotrophic nature of AMF, constraining their production, while (ii) phosphate acts as a limiting factor for the optimal mycorrhizal inoculum application and effectiveness...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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