keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alternative oxidase

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534485/pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-associated-genetic-variants-affect-transcription-factor-binding-and-alternative-splicing-of-loxl1
#1
Francesca Pasutto, Matthias Zenkel, Ursula Hoja, Daniel Berner, Steffen Uebe, Fulvia Ferrazzi, Johannes Schödel, Panah Liravi, Mineo Ozaki, Daniela Paoli, Paolo Frezzotti, Takanori Mizoguchi, Satoko Nakano, Toshiaki Kubota, Shinichi Manabe, Erika Salvi, Paolo Manunta, Daniele Cusi, Christian Gieger, Heinz-Erich Wichmann, Tin Aung, Chiea Chuen Khor, Friedrich E Kruse, André Reis, Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt
Although lysyl oxidase-like 1 (LOXL1) is known as the principal genetic risk factor for pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome, a major cause of glaucoma and cardiovascular complications, no functional variants have been identified to date. Here, we conduct a genome-wide association scan on 771 German PEX patients and 1,350 controls, followed by independent testing of associated variants in Italian and Japanese data sets. We focus on a 3.5-kb four-component polymorphic locus positioned spanning introns 1 and 2 of LOXL1 with enhancer-like chromatin features...
May 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532810/species-level-identification-of-coagulase-negative-staphylococcus-spp-from-buffalo-using-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-and-cydb-real-time-quantitative-pcr
#2
Lucas J L Pizauro, Camila C de Almeida, Glenn A Soltes, Durda Slavic, Oswaldo D Rossi-Junior, Fernando A de Ávila, Luiz F Zafalon, Janet I MacInnes
Incorrect identification of Staphylococcus spp. can have serious clinical and zoonotic repercussions. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to determine if matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and/or cydB real- time quantitative PCR (qPCR) could be used to accurately identify coagulase negative Staphylococcus spp. (CoNS) obtained from buffalo milk and milking environment samples. Seventy-five of 84 CoNS isolates could be identified to the species level (score value >1...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527112/inhalation-of-roman-chamomile-essential-oil-attenuates-depressive-like-behaviors-in-wistar-kyoto-rats
#3
Yingying Kong, Ting Wang, Rong Wang, Yichuan Ma, Shanshan Song, Juan Liu, Weiwei Hu, Shengtian Li
The idea of aromatherapy, using essential oils, has been considered as an alternative antidepressant treatment. In the present study, we investigated the effect of Roman chamomile essential oil inhalation for two weeks on depressive-like behaviors in Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. We found that inhalation of either Roman chamomile or one of its main components α-pinene, attenuated depressive-like behavior in WKY rats in the forced swim test. Using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation analysis (iTRAQ), we found that inhalation of α-pinene increased expression of proteins that are involved in oxidative phosphorylation, such as cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, cytochrome c oxidase subunit 7A2, ATPase inhibitor in the hippocampus, and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 6C-2, ATP synthase subunit e, Acyl carrier protein, and Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 6 in the PFC (prefrontal cortex)...
May 16, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522117/characterization-of-cu-ii-reconstituted-acc-oxidase-using-experimental-and-theoretical-approaches
#4
Nadia El Bakkali-Tahéri, Sybille Tachon, Maylis Orio, Sylvain Bertaina, Marlène Martinho, Viviane Robert, Marius Réglier, Thierry Tron, Pierre Dorlet, A Jalila Simaan
1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase (ACCO) is a non heme iron(II) containing enzyme that catalyzes the final step of the ethylene biosynthesis in plants. The iron(II) ion is bound in a facial triad composed of two histidines and one aspartate (H177, D179 and H234). Several active site variants were generated to provide alternate binding motifs and the enzymes were reconstituted with copper(II). Continuous wave (cw) and pulsed Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectroscopies as well as Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations were performed and models for the copper(II) binding sites were deduced...
May 15, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515690/brain-renin-angiotensin-system-and-microglial-polarization-implications-for-aging-and-neurodegeneration
#5
REVIEW
Jose L Labandeira-Garcia, Ana I Rodríguez-Perez, Pablo Garrido-Gil, Jannette Rodriguez-Pallares, Jose L Lanciego, Maria J Guerra
Microglia can transform into proinflammatory/classically activated (M1) or anti-inflammatory/alternatively activated (M2) phenotypes following environmental signals related to physiological conditions or brain lesions. An adequate transition from the M1 (proinflammatory) to M2 (immunoregulatory) phenotype is necessary to counteract brain damage. Several factors involved in microglial polarization have already been identified. However, the effects of the brain renin-angiotensin system (RAS) on microglial polarization are less known...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492455/reevaluating-antidepressant-selection-in-patients-with-bruxism-and-temporomandibular-joint-disorder
#6
Royce Rajan, Ye-Ming Sun
Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) is a broad pain disorder that refers to several conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint of the jaw and the muscles of mastication. As with most pain disorders, a high prevalence of depression and anxiety is associated with TMD. Research has shown that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), the first-line drug therapy for major depressive disorder, may not be suitable for TMD patients because SSRIs can induce teeth-grinding, otherwise known as bruxism...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487949/identification-of-the-biologically-active-constituents-of-camellia-japonica-leaf-and-anti-hyperuricemic-effect-in%C3%A2-vitro-and%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-vivo
#7
In-Soo Yoon, Dae-Hun Park, Jung-Eun Kim, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Min-Suk Bae, Deuk-Sil Oh, Jung-Hyun Shim, Chul-Yung Choi, Ki-Wan An, Eun-Il Kim, Gye-Yeop Kim, Seung-Sik Cho
Camellia japonica L. is a plant of which the seeds are used as a folk medicine, and it is native to South Korea, Japan and China. In previous study, triterpenes, flavonoids, tannins and fatty acids which have antiviral, antioxidant and anti inflammatory activity were reported from C. japonica leaf and flower. In Korea, the seed from this plant is used as a traditional medicine and in folk remedies for the treatment of bleeding and inflammation. However, the major issue associated with the use of the seed as a medicinal and/or functional food ingredient is its application to the pharmaceutical and food industry...
June 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487527/development-of-frequency-based-taste-receptors-using-bioinspired-glucose-nanobiosensor
#8
Amin TermehYousefi, Katsumi Tateno, Samira Bagheri, Hirofumi Tanaka
A method to fabricate a bioinspired nanobiosensor using electronic-based artificial taste receptors for glucose diagnosis is presented. Fabricated bioinspired glucose nanobiosensor designated based on an artificial taste bud including an amperometric glucose biosensor and taste bud-inspired circuits. In fact, the design of the taste bud-inspired circuits was inspired by the signal-processing mechanism of taste nerves which involves two layers. The first, known as a type II cell, detects the glucose by glucose oxidase and transduces the current signal obtained for the pulse pattern is conducted to the second layer, called type III cell, to induce synchronisation of the neural spiking activity...
May 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463726/amitraz-changes-ne-da-and-5-ht-biosynthesis-and-metabolism-mediated-by-alterations-in-estradiol-content-in-cns-of-male-rats
#9
Javier Del Pino, Paula Moyano, Matilde Ruiz, María José Anadón, María Jesús Díaz, José Manuel García, Elena Labajo-González, María Teresa Frejo
Amitraz is a formamidine insecticide/acaricide that alters different neurotransmitters levels, among other neurotoxic effects. Oral amitraz exposure (20, 50 and 80 mg/kg bw, 5 days) has been reported to increase serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) content and to decrease their metabolites and turnover rates in the male rat brain, particularly in the striatum, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampus. However, the mechanisms by which these alterations are produced are not completely understood...
August 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459876/alternative-oxidase-aox-constitutes-a-small-family-of-proteins-in-citrus-clementina-and-citrus-sinensis-l-osb
#10
Jacqueline Araújo Castro, Monique Drielle Gomes Ferreira, Raner José Santana Silva, Bruno Silva Andrade, Fabienne Micheli
The alternative oxidase (AOX) protein is present in plants, fungi, protozoa and some invertebrates. It is involved in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, providing an alternative route for the transport of electrons, leading to the reduction of oxygen to form water. The present study aimed to characterize the family of AOX genes in mandarin (Citrus clementina) and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) at nucleotide and protein levels, including promoter analysis, phylogenetic analysis and C. sinensis gene expression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424712/a-functional-approach-towards-understanding-the-role-of-the-mitochondrial-respiratory-chain-in-an-endomycorrhizal-symbiosis
#11
Louis Mercy, Eva Lucic-Mercy, Amaia Nogales, Areg Poghosyan, Carolin Schneider, Birgit Arnholdt-Schmitt
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are crucial components of fertile soils, able to provide several ecosystem services for crop production. Current economic, social and legislative contexts should drive the so-called "second green revolution" by better exploiting these beneficial microorganisms. Many challenges still need to be overcome to better understand the mycorrhizal symbiosis, among which (i) the biotrophic nature of AMF, constraining their production, while (ii) phosphate acts as a limiting factor for the optimal mycorrhizal inoculum application and effectiveness...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421120/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies-on-quercus-acuta-thunb-fagaceae-extract-active-constituents-serum-uric-acid-suppression-and-xanthine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity
#12
In-Soo Yoon, Dae-Hun Park, Min-Suk Bae, Deuk-Sil Oh, Nan-Hui Kwon, Jung-Eun Kim, Chul-Yung Choi, Seung-Sik Cho
Quercus acuta Thunb. (Fagaceae) (QA) is cultivated as a dietary and ornamental plant in China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan. It has been widely used as the main ingredient of acorn tofu, a traditional food in China and South Korea. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro and in vivo xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory and antihyperuricemic activities of an ethyl acetate extract of QA leaf (QALE) and identify its active phytochemicals using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography (LC) systems...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420789/structural-and-stereoelectronic-insights-into-oxygenase-catalyzed-formation-of-ethylene-from-2-oxoglutarate
#13
Zhihong Zhang, Tristan J Smart, Hwanho Choi, Florence Hardy, Christopher T Lohans, Martine I Abboud, Melodie S W Richardson, Robert S Paton, Michael A McDonough, Christopher J Schofield
Ethylene is important in industry and biological signaling. In plants, ethylene is produced by oxidation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, as catalyzed by 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase. Bacteria catalyze ethylene production, but via the four-electron oxidation of 2-oxoglutarate to give ethylene in an arginine-dependent reaction. Crystallographic and biochemical studies on the Pseudomonas syringae ethylene-forming enzyme reveal a branched mechanism. In one branch, an apparently typical 2-oxoglutarate oxygenase reaction to give succinate, carbon dioxide, and sometimes pyrroline-5-carboxylate occurs...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418069/genetic-control-of-plasticity-of-oil-yield-for-combined-abiotic-stresses-using-a-joint-approach-of-crop-modeling-and-genome-wide-association
#14
Brigitte Mangin, Pierre Casadebaig, Eléna Cadic, Nicolas Blanchet, Marie-Claude Boniface, Sébastien Carrère, Jérôme Gouzy, Ludovic Legrand, Baptiste Mayjonade, Nicolas Pouilly, Thierry André, Marie Coque, Joël Piquemal, Marion Laporte, Patrick Vincourt, Stéphane Muños, Nicolas B Langlade
Understanding the genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity is crucial for predicting and managing climate change effects on wild plants and crops. Here, we combined crop modeling and quantitative genetics to study the genetic control of oil yield plasticity for multiple abiotic stresses in sunflower. First we developed stress indicators to characterize 14 environments for three abiotic stresses (cold, drought and nitrogen) using the SUNFLO crop model and phenotypic variations of three commercial varieties. The computed plant stress indicators better explain yield variation than descriptors at the climatic or crop levels...
April 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417591/effective-mosquito-and-arbovirus-surveillance-using-metabarcoding
#15
J Batovska, S E Lynch, N O I Cogan, K Brown, J M Darbro, E A Kho, M J Blacket
Effective vector and arbovirus surveillance requires timely and accurate screening techniques that can be easily upscaled. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a high-throughput technology that has the potential to modernise vector surveillance. When combined with DNA barcoding, it is termed 'metabarcoding'. The aim of our study was to establish a metabarcoding protocol to characterise pools of mosquitoes and screen them for virus. Pools contained 100 morphologically identified individuals, including one Ross River virus (RRV) infected mosquito, with three species present at different proportions: 1, 5, 94%...
April 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414919/functional-characterization-of-an-n-terminally-truncated-mitochondrial-porin-expressed-in-i-neurospora-crassa-i
#16
Sabbir Rahman Shuvo, Uliana Kovaltchouk, Abdullah Zubaer, Ayush Kumar, William A T Summers, Lynda J Donald, George Hausner, Deborah A Court
Mitochondrial porin, which forms voltage-dependent anion-selective channels (VDAC) in the outer membrane, can be folded into a 19 β-stranded barrel. The N-terminus of the protein is external to the barrel, and contains α-helical structure. Targeted modifications of the N‑terminal region have been assessed in artificial membranes, leading to different models for gating <i>in vitro</i>. However, the i<i>n vivo</i> requirements for gating and the N-terminal segment of porin are less well-understood...
April 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401754/improving-sample-distribution-homogeneity-in-three-dimensional-microfluidic-paper-based-analytical-devices-by-rational-device-design
#17
Giorgio Gianini Morbioli, Thiago Mazzu-Nascimento, Luis Aparecido Milan, Amanda M Stockton, Emanuel Carrilho
Paper-based devices are a portable, user-friendly, and affordable technology that is one of the best analytical tools for inexpensive diagnostic devices. Three-dimensional microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (3D-μPADs) are an evolution of single layer devices and they permit effective sample dispersion, individual layer treatment, and multiplex analytical assays. Here, we present the rational design of a wax-printed 3D-μPAD that enables more homogeneous permeation of fluids along the cellulose matrix than other existing designs in the literature...
April 19, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392982/comparative-venom-gland-transcriptomics-of-naja-kaouthia-monocled-cobra-from-malaysia-and-thailand-elucidating-geographical-venom-variation-and-insights-into-sequence-novelty
#18
Kae Yi Tan, Choo Hock Tan, Lawan Chanhome, Nget Hong Tan
BACKGROUND: The monocled cobra (Naja kaouthia) is a medically important venomous snake in Southeast Asia. Its venom has been shown to vary geographically in relation to venom composition and neurotoxic activity, indicating vast diversity of the toxin genes within the species. To investigate the polygenic trait of the venom and its locale-specific variation, we profiled and compared the venom gland transcriptomes of N. kaouthia from Malaysia (NK-M) and Thailand (NK-T) applying next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389654/in-vivo-evidence-of-functional-and-anatomical-stripe-based-subdivisions-in-human-v2-and-v3
#19
Serge O Dumoulin, Ben M Harvey, Alessio Fracasso, Wietske Zuiderbaan, Peter R Luijten, Brian A Wandell, Natalia Petridou
Visual cortex contains a hierarchy of visual areas. The earliest cortical area (V1) contains neurons responding to colour, form and motion. Later areas specialize on processing of specific features. The second visual area (V2) in non-human primates contains a stripe-based anatomical organization, initially defined using cytochrome-oxidase staining of post-mortem tissue. Neurons in these stripes have been proposed to serve distinct functional specializations, e.g. processing of color, form and motion. These stripes represent an intermediate stage in visual hierarchy and serve a key role in the increasing functional specialization of visual areas...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370547/real-time-monitoring-of-enzyme-catalysed-reactions-using-deep-uv-resonance-raman-spectroscopy
#20
Chloe Westley, Heidi Fisk, Yun Xu, Katherine A Hollywood, Andrew J Carnell, Jason Micklefield, Nicholas J Turner, Royston Goodacre
For enzyme-catalysed biotransformations, continuous in situ detection methods minimise the need for sample manipulation, ultimately leading to more accurate real-time kinetic determinations of substrate(s) and product(s). We have established for the first time an on-line, real-time quantitative approach to monitor simultaneously multiple biotransformations based on UV resonance Raman (UVRR) spectroscopy. To exemplify the generality and versatility of this approach, multiple substrates and enzyme systems were used involving nitrile hydratase (NHase) and xanthine oxidase (XO), both of which are of industrial and biological significance, and incorporate multistep enzymatic conversions...
March 29, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
keyword
keyword
47891
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"