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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683888/transfusion-rates-and-the-utility-of-type-and-screen-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery
#1
Taylor J Brueseke, Maggie F Wilkins, Marcella G Willis-Gray, Katherine E Husk, Alexis R Peedin, Elizabeth J Geller, Jennifer M Wu
OBJECTIVES: Limited data exist directly comparing the likelihood of blood transfusion by route of apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery. In addition, limited evidence is available regarding the risk of not ordering preoperative type and screen (T&S) in apical POP surgery. The objectives of the study are to (1) provide baseline data regarding the current need for preoperative T&S by comparing perioperative blood transfusion rates between 3 routes of apical POP surgery and (2) determine the rate of a positive preoperative antibody screen in women who underwent apical POP surgery...
April 20, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683338/ulnar-nerve-complications-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-of-the-elbow-a-systematic-review
#2
Jason B Clain, Mark A Vitale, Christopher S Ahmad, David E Ruchelsman
BACKGROUND: While ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction (UCLR) of the elbow is an increasingly commonly performed procedure with excellent results reported in the published literature, less attention has been paid to specifically on the characterization of postoperative ulnar nerve complications, and it is unclear what operative strategies may influence the likelihood of these complications. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence and type of ulnar nerve complications after UCLR of the elbow based on the entirety of previously published outcomes in the English literature...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682680/mpfl-in-first-time-dislocators
#3
REVIEW
Beth E Shubin Stein, Simone Gruber, Jacqueline M Brady
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Historically, the standard of care for patients with an acute patella dislocation has been non-operative with the exception being those with a loose body or osteochondral fracture requiring fixation or removal. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature has brought into question this standard of care approach and defined a higher risk subset of first-time dislocators who may benefit from early operative treatment. In addition, these studies suggest that operative treatment not only reduces the risk of recurrence but may improve outcomes overall and specifically in the pediatric population...
April 23, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682601/radical-resection-of-an-endometrioid-carcinoma-arising-from-endometriosis-in-the-round-ligament-within-the-right-canal-of-nuck-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Yashiro Motooka, Takeshi Motohara, Ritsuo Honda, Hironori Tashiro, Yoshiki Mikami, Hidetaka Katabuchi
•A patient had endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis in the canal of Nuck.•The tumor invaded muscles in the inguinal region.•She showed favorable prognosis by radical surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682377/trapezium-fracture-associated-with-thumb-carpometacarpal-joint-dislocation-a-report-of-three-cases-and-literature-review
#5
Sho Kohyama, Toshikazu Tanaka, Akira Ikumi, Yasukazu Totoki, Kosuke Okuno, Naoyuki Ochiai
Isolated trapezium fracture in combination with thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint dislocation is extremely rare, and no treatment consensus exists. Herein, we report 3 successfully treated cases of isolated trapezium fracture with thumb CMC joint dislocation. While good short-term results have been reported in the literature, the possibility of substantial ligament injuries that can lead to future instability of the thumb CMC joint must be noted. In order to obtain an excellent long-term clinical result, we propose the consideration of the anatomical repair of the CMC joint in terms of both bony and ligamentous structures in cases where instability remains after fracture fixation...
2018: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682371/colonic-mucosal-ulceration-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding-associated-with-sevelamer-crystal-deposition-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#6
Sudheer Nambiar, Unnikrishnan Kunjan Pillai, Joe Devasahayam, Tony Oliver, Asha Karippot
End stage renal disease (ESRD) population account for 1.9 per patient year of hospital admissions annually. ESRD population are at increased risk of bleeding secondary to use of anticoagulation during hemodialysis and uremia induced platelet dysfunction. Gastrointestinal bleeding accounts for 3-7% of all deaths in ESRD population. Lower gastrointestinal bleeding refers to blood loss from a site in the gastrointestinal tract distal to the ligament of Treitz. It is usually suspected when a patient complains of hematochezia...
2018: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682056/occipital-neuralgia-from-c2-cavernous-malformation
#7
Sang-Woo Ha, Jin-Gyu Choi, Byung-Chul Son
A unique case is presented of chronic occipital neuralgia (ON) caused by cavernous malformation (CM) in the intramedullary C2 spinal cord and subsequent pain relief and remodeling of allodynic pain following dorsal root rhizotomy. A 53-year-old male presented with a 30-year history of chronic allodynic, paroxysmal lancinating pain in the greater and lesser occipital nerves. Typically, the pain was aggravated with neck extension and head movement. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a CM in the right posterolateral side of the intramedullary C2 cord...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681964/a-rare-case-of-calcifying-fibrous-pseudotumor-of-the-pleura-with-an-accompanying-vascular-anomaly-in-the-pulmonary-ligament
#8
Hanna Lisowska, Marek Marciniak, Jan Cianciara, Konrad Pawełczyk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681700/penile-dislocation-with-inversion-a-rare-complication-of-blunt-pelvic-injury
#9
Ravindra Sahadev, Vinay Jadhav, Narendra Babu Munianjanappa, Gowri Shankar
Penile injuries in children are usually uncommon and are predominantly associated with pelvic trauma or as postcircumcision injuries. The authors present a rare case of penile dislocation with penile inversion in a 5-year-old child occurring due to blunt pelvic injury. The child presented 3 months after pelvic injury with a suprapubic catheter for urinary diversion and absent penis with only penile skin visible. The presence of dislocated penile body was detected on magnetic resonance imaging, which was subsequently confirmed intraoperatively...
April 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681436/compatibility-of-lauge-hansen-classification-between-plain-radiographs-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-ankle-fractures
#10
Haluk Çabuk, Filiz Çelebi, Yunus İmren, Süleyman Semih Dedeoğlu, Mustafa Çağlar Kır, Abdullah Faruk Uyanık, Hakan Gürbüz
We evaluated the accuracy of the predictive injury sequences of the Lauge-Hansen (L-H) classification using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with ankle fractures and determined the possible causes of mismatch. Sixty-five patients with ankle fractures who had a complete series of anteroposterior, lateral, and oblique radiographs and ankle MRI studies available were included. The fracture pattern was assigned by 2 senior orthopedic surgeons according to the L-H classification system. The syndesmotic ligaments, lateral collateral ligaments, and medial deltoid complex ligaments were evaluated on the preoperative MRI scans...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680779/effects-of-localized-vibration-on-knee-joint-position-sense-in-individuals-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Takashi Nagai, Nathaniel A Bates, Timothy E Hewett, Nathan D Schilaty
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament injury can disrupt one's mechanoreceptors and result in decreased proprioception such as joint position sense and ultimately altered motor function. The application of localized vibration has been used to investigate the integrity of the sensorimotor system and the mechanisms of quadriceps function after anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction. The purpose of the study is to evaluate joint position sense with and without vibration and compare among anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed, contralateral, and control limbs...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680721/immediate-and-delayed-repair-of-2-sizes-of-furcal-perforations-in-dogs-teeth-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-cement
#12
Reem Siraj Alsulaimani
INTRODUCTION: This histologic study aimed to measure the morphometric and morphologic changes in periodontal tissue after immediate and delayed mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) repair of 2 sizes of furcal perforations. METHODS: There were 72 premolars from 12 beagle dogs that were divided equally into 4 experimental and 2 control groups (n = 12). Experimental groups included immediate small (0.6 mm in diameter), immediate large (1.8 mm in diameter), delayed (30 days) small, and delayed large furcal perforation MTA repair...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680445/postoperative-recovery-course-but-not-preoperative-factors-and-operative-kyphosis-correction-can-predict-final-neurological-outcome-of-posterior-decompression-with-instrumented-surgery-for-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-of-the-thoracic
#13
Masao Koda, Tetsuya Abe, Toru Funayama, Hiroshi Noguchi, Kosei Miura, Katsuya Nagashima, Hiroshi Kumagai, Kentaro Mataki, Takeo Furuya, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Seiji Ohtori, Masashi Yamazaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680328/epidemiology-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-major-and-minor-league-baseball-pitchers-comprehensive-report-of-1429-cases
#14
Christopher L Camp, Stan Conte, John D'Angelo, Stephen A Fealy
BACKGROUND: The primary purpose of this work is to provide an epidemiologic report on every known ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstruction performed in professional baseball with a special focus on outcomes and survivorship. METHODS: Three resources, including the Major League Baseball (MLB) injury tracking system, were combined and cross-referenced to identify all known professional baseball pitchers who had ever undergone UCL reconstruction from 1974 to 2016...
May 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680325/effects-of-severe-hallux-valgus-on-metatarsal-stress-and-the-metatarsophalangeal-loading-during-balanced-standing-a-finite-element-analysis
#15
Yan Zhang, Jan Awrejcewicz, Olga Szymanowska, Siqin Shen, Xiaoxue Zhao, Julien S Baker, Yaodong Gu
The internal stress of the human foot enables efficient parametric evaluation of structural and functional impairments associated with foot deformities, such as hallux valgus (HV). However, the status of the internal stress of such a deformed foot remains insufficiently addressed due to the difficulties and limitations of experimental approaches. This study, using finite element (FE) methodology, investigated the influence of severe HV deformity on the metatarsal stress and the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint loading during balanced standing...
April 16, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679723/comparison-of-hook-plate-with-versus-without-double-tunnel-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-for-repair-of-acute-acromioclavicular-joint-dislocations-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Jian Yin, Zhaoyang Yin, Ge Gong, Chao Zhu, Chao Sun, Xinhui Liu
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the surgical outcomes of a hook plate with double-tunnel coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction by conjoined tendon transfer versus single hook plate surgery for the repair of acute type of Rockwood type III and V acromioclavicular (AC) joint dislocations. METHODS: The study cohort included 62 patients with acute (within 6 weeks after trauma) Rockwood type III and V AC joint dislocations who underwent surgery from February 2012 to September 2015...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679362/anatomical-variation-in-the-form-of-inter-and-intra-individual-laterality-of-the-calcaneofibular-ligament
#17
Hisayoshi Yoshizuka, Kentaro Shibata, Toyoko Asami, Akio Kuraoka
The lateral ligament complex of the ankle is involved in a large proportion of ankle sprains. The calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) is often involved in severe injuries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anatomical variation and laterality of the CFL to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of CFL-related injuries. This study utilized 110 paired ankles from 55 formalin-fixed Japanese cadavers (33 male and 22 female). The length and width of the CFL and the angle created by the CFL and long axis of the fibula (CF angle) were measured after exposing the CFL by careful dissection from the surrounding tissues...
April 20, 2018: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679329/crimped-electrospun-fibers-for-tissue-engineering
#18
Pen-Hsiu Grace Chao
Collagen fibers exist in many parts of the body as parallel bundles with a wavy morphology, known as crimp. This crimp structure contributes to the nonlinear mechanical properties of the tissue, such as ligament, blood vessels, and intestine, which provide elasticity and prevent injury. To recapitulate the native collagen crimp structure, we report a robust method using electrospinning and post-processing to generate parallel polymeric fibers with crimp that simulate the structure-function relationship of native tissue mechanics...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679256/biomechanical-features-of-six-design-of-the-delta-external-fixator-for-treating-pilon-fracture-a-finite-element-study
#19
Muhammad Hanif Ramlee, Mohd Ayub Sulong, Evelyn Garcia-Nieto, Daniel Angure Penaranda, Antonio Ros Felip, Mohammed Rafiq Abdul Kadir
Pilon fractures can be caused by high-energy vertical forces which may result in long-term patient immobilization. Many experts in orthopedic surgery recommend the use of a Delta external fixator for type III Pilon fracture treatment. This device can promote immediate healing of fractured bone, minimizing the rate of complications as well as allowing early mobilization. The characteristics of different types of the Delta frame have not been demonstrated yet. By using the finite element method, this study was conducted to determine the biomechanical characteristics of six different configurations (Model 1 until Model 6)...
April 21, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679209/quadriceps-tendon-autograft-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction
#20
REVIEW
Christian Fink, Robert Steensen, Peter Gföller, Robert Lawton
PURPOSE: Critically evaluate the published literature related to quadriceps tendon (QT) medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. RECENT FINDINGS: Hamstring tendon (HT) MPFL reconstruction techniques have been shown to successfully restore patella stability, but complications including patella fracture are reported. Quadriceps tendon (QT) reconstruction techniques with an intact graft pedicle on the patella side have the advantage that patella bone tunnel drilling and fixation are no longer needed, reducing risk of patella fracture...
April 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
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