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tramadol risk

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906953/what-s-tramadol-got-to-do-with-it-a-case-report-of-rebound-hypoglycemia-a-reappraisal-and-review-of-potential-mechanisms
#1
Charles A Odonkor, Akhil Chhatre
BACKGROUND: Tramadol has gained traction as an analgesic of choice among pain practicing physicians. However some concerns regarding a previously unlabeled adverse reaction - hypoglycemia - have cast it in a dim light. Prior reports have noted an associated risk of hospitalization for hypoglycemia after tramadol use, but whether tramadol is the main causal agent is poorly understood and the underlying mechanisms are not well delineated. We present a unique case of rebound hypoglycemia as a variation of the theme of tramadol's adverse effect profile in a patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus, and reappraise potential mechanisms underlying this underappreciated phenomenon...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888955/emotion-dysregulation-mediates-between-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-motives-for-substance-use
#2
Usha Barahmand, Ali Khazaee, Goudarz Sadeghi Hashjin
The purpose of this study is to assess the relative mediating effects of impulsivity and emotion dysregulation in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and motives for opiate use. Seventy four adolescent users of Tramadol, a synthetic opiate, were recruited from a boot camp for de-addiction and rehabilitation services for the study. Data were collected between May, 2014 and November, 2014. Participants completed assessments of childhood abuse history, difficulties regulating emotions, impulsiveness and motives for substance use as well as a socio-demographic information sheet...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871957/tramadol-abuse-and-sexual-function
#3
REVIEW
Ibrahim A Abdel-Hamid, Karl-Erik Andersson, Marcel D Waldinger, Tarek H Anis
INTRODUCTION: Tramadol exhibits an effect profile similar to that of opioid agonists, and tramadol abuse seems to be a problem for a number of countries. The relationship between tramadol and sexual function appears to be controversial. Men with premature ejaculation (PE) may benefit from taking tramadol off label; however, these patients live "on a knife's edge" and are exquisitely sensitive to develop other sexual dysfunctions. AIM: To review the literature regarding the problem of tramadol abuse and its relationship with sexual function...
July 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867512/a-service-improvement-project-to-review-prescribing-information-provided-by-general-practitioners-for-new-referrals-to-a-uk-national-health-service-hospital-pain-clinic-potential-implications-of-cyp2d6-enzyme-inhibition
#4
Helen Radford, Pauline Fitzgerald, Stephen Martin, Mark I Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain is often managed using co-prescription of analgesics and adjuvants, with concomitant medication prescribed for comorbidities. Patients may have suboptimal response to some analgesics or be at risk of drug interactions or adverse drug reactions (ADRs) due to polypharmacy affecting CYP2D6 enzyme activity. The aim of the service improvement project was to determine the proportion of patients referred to a specialist pain service in the UK National Health Service (NHS) by general practitioners (GPs) who may be at risk of suboptimal analgesic response or ADRs due to CYP2D6 inhibition through polypharmacy...
November 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861439/trends-in-tramadol-pharmacology-metabolism-and-misuse
#5
Karen Miotto, Arthur K Cho, Mohamed A Khalil, Kirsten Blanco, Jun D Sasaki, Richard Rawson
Tramadol is a unique analgesic medication, available in variety of formulations, with both monoaminergic reuptake inhibitory and opioid receptor agonist activity increasingly prescribed worldwide as an alternative for high-affinity opioid medication in the treatment of acute and chronic pain. It is a prodrug that is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 to its more potent opioid analgesic metabolites, particularly the O-demethylation product M1. The opioid analgesic potency of a given dose of tramadol is influenced by an individual's CYP genetics, with poor metabolizers experiencing little conversion to the active M1 opioid metabolite and individuals with a high metabolic profile, or ultra-metabolizers, experiencing the greatest opioid analgesic effects...
November 17, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847695/combined-ketamine-tramadol-subcutaneous-wound-infiltration-for-multimodal-postoperative-analgesia-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-after-renal-surgery
#6
Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Marzieh Navardi, Reza Shariat Moharari, Pejman Pourfakhr, Narjes Khalili, Farhad Etezadi, Farsad Imani
BACKGROUND: Pain is an important consideration after renal surgery. A multimodal approach to postoperative pain management could enhance analgesia by risking fewer side effects after surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the subcutaneous infiltration of ketamine and tramadol at the incision site to reduce postoperative pain. METHODS: Sixty-four patients between 18 and 80 years old who were scheduled for elective renal surgery were enrolled in a double-blind randomized controlled study...
October 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836577/chronic-use-of-opioids-before-and-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Craig A Hansen, Maria C S Inacio, Nicole L Pratt, Elizabeth E Roughead, Stephen E Graves
BACKGROUND: Opioids are commonly used for the management of preoperative and postoperative pain among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There is limited literature on the chronic use of opioids pre-TKA and post-TKA. The aim of this study was to characterize the use of opioids in TKA patients before and after surgery and identify risk factors of chronic opioid use. METHODS: Opioid use among 15,020 patients undergoing TKA (01/01/2001-31/12/2012) was examined...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832562/accuracy-of-dispersing-tramadol-capsules-for-oral-administration-in-young-children
#8
M Kluger, S Penrose, A R Bjorksten, G Chalkiadis
Tramadol is used in children aged <12 years for analgesia, particularly for those at risk of obstructive sleep apnoea undergoing adenotonsillectomy. The Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration have strongly recommended that oral tramadol drops (100 mg/ml) not be used in children <12 years because of the risk of inadvertent overdose. The total mass of drug in a 10 ml bottle is 1000 mg. The only alternative preparation available is a 50 mg capsule that requires dispersion of a capsule's contents should smaller doses be required...
November 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818962/the-frequency-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-college-students-using-indirect-methods-network-scale-up-and-crosswise-model
#9
Yasan Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Since the direct questions usually underestimate the frequency of sensitive behaviors, indirect methods can be used to estimate the frequency of some risky behaviors such as illicit drug use, sexual behaviors especially where these behaviors are highly stigmatized. OBJECTIVES: In the current study, we indirectly estimated the prevalence of some risky behaviors among college students using two indirect methods: network scale-up (NSU) and crosswise model (CM)...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746536/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-lornoxicam-and-fentanyl-in-attenuating-the-hemodynamic-response-to-laryngoscopy-and-intubation
#10
U N Swarnamba, K Veena, Safiya I Shaikh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laryngoscopy and intubation elicits huge spectrum of stress response which is hazardous in high-risk patients. Many drugs and techniques have been used to attenuate the stress response. Lornoxicam 16 mg is a potent nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug agent with analgesic potency equivalent to morphine 10 mg, fentanyl 100 μg and tramadol 100 mg. Lornoxicam has been found to attenuate stress response in some studies. We compared the lornoxicam with fentanyl in attenuating stress response...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746533/comparative-study-of-epidural-bupivacaine-with-butorphanol-and-bupivacaine-with-tramadol-for-postoperative-pain-relief-in-abdominal-surgeries
#11
N Swathi, N Ashwini, Mukesh I Shukla
INTRODUCTION: To compare the efficacy of combination of epidural local anesthetic with tramadol and butorphanol in major abdominal surgeries. AIMS: To evaluate duration of analgesia, analgesic efficacy, and safety profile of two groups of drugs-epidural butorphanol with bupivacaine and epidural tramadol with bupivacaine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled, double-blinded study was undertaken in 50 patients scheduled for major abdominal surgeries...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738897/methoxyflurane-a-review-in-trauma-pain
#12
Hannah A Blair, James E Frampton
Methoxyflurane (Penthrox(®)) is a halogenated ether first used clinically as a volatile inhalational anaesthetic. It has been used as an analgesic in Australia and New Zealand for the past 30 years. In the UK and Europe, methoxyflurane has been approved for the emergency relief of moderate to severe trauma pain in conscious adult patients. Methoxyflurane is self-administered using a hand-held inhaler. This article reviews the pharmacological properties of methoxyflurane and its clinical efficacy and tolerability in these patients...
December 2016: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706116/efficacy-of-the-prophylactic-administration-of-tramadol-against-postoperative-shivering-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Li Shuying, Li Ping, Lin Xuemei
BACKGROUND: Postoperative shivering (POS) is a common complication that occurs after regional and general anesthesia. Thus far, numerous studies have reported on the effectiveness of tramadol in preventing or treating POS. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of tramadol in the prevention of POS. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library to identify studies of the efficacy of tramadol in the prevention of POS...
October 5, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701696/-severe-hypoglycemia-following-tramadol-intake-in-a-79-year-old-non-diabetic-patient
#14
Cornelius Kürten, Mladen Tzvetkov, Volker Ellenrieder, Harald Schwörer
History and clinical findings | We report about a 79 year old non-diabetic patient who was admitted to the emergency room with severe hypoglycemia (blood glucose level: 36 mg / dl and Glasgow Coma Scale Score: 3). After the infusion of G40 % her blood glucose level stabilised. The patient reported to have taken 50 mg of Tramadol during the night to treat her headache. Investigations and diagnosis | No other differential diagnosis for hypoglycemia (i.e. diabetes, insulinoma, severe liver or kidney disease) could be established...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672340/use-of-preoperative-gabapentin-significantly-reduces-postoperative-opioid-consumption-a-meta-analysis
#15
Sudha Arumugam, Christine Sm Lau, Ronald S Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: Effective postoperative pain management is crucial in the care of surgical patients. Opioids, which are commonly used in managing postoperative pain, have a potential for tolerance and addiction, along with sedating side effects. Gabapentin's use as a multimodal analgesic regimen to treat neuropathic pain has been documented as having favorable side effects. This meta-analysis examined the use of preoperative gabapentin and its impact on postoperative opioid consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify randomized control trials that evaluated preoperative gabapentin on postoperative opioid consumption...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641627/mechanisms-of-tramadol-related-neurotoxicity-in-the-rat-does-diazepam-tramadol-combination-play-a-worsening-role-in-overdose
#16
Camille Lagard, Lucie Chevillard, Isabelle Malissin, Patricia Risède, Jacques Callebert, Laurence Labat, Jean-Marie Launay, Jean-Louis Laplanche, Bruno Mégarbane
Poisoning with opioid analgesics including tramadol represents a challenge. Tramadol may induce respiratory depression, seizures and serotonin syndrome, possibly worsened when in combination to benzodiazepines. Our objectives were to investigate tramadol-related neurotoxicity, consequences of diazepam/tramadol combination, and mechanisms of drug-drug interactions in rats. Median lethal-doses were determined using Dixon-Bruce's up-and-down method. Sedation, seizures, electroencephalography and plethysmography parameters were studied...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631249/strategies-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Baoji Hu, Chengbao Li, Mengzhi Pan, Ming Zhong, Yu Cao, Nannan Zhang, Hongbin Yuan, Hongwei Duan
BACKGROUND: The ideal measures to prevent postoperative catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) remain unestablished. We conducted the systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the significance of potential interventions. METHODS: We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis statement guidelines, and searched databases from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and referred Cochrane Library for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) published before December 2014...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569655/medication-use-and-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-collisions-among-licensed-drivers-a-systematic-review
#18
Toni M Rudisill, Motao Zhu, George A Kelley, Courtney Pilkerton, Brandon R Rudisill
OBJECTIVES: Driving under the influence of prescription and over-the-counter medication is a growing public health concern. A systematic review of the literature was performed to investigate which specific medications were associated with increased risk of motor vehicle collision (MVC). METHODS: The a priori inclusion criteria were: (1) studies published from English-language sources on or after January 1, 1960, (2) licensed drivers 15 years of age and older, (3) peer-reviewed publications, master's theses, doctoral dissertations, and conference papers, (4) studies limited to randomized control trials, cohort studies, case-control studies, or case-control type studies (5) outcome measure reported for at least one specific medication, (6) outcome measure reported as the odds or risk of a motor vehicle collision...
November 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470363/molecular-and-histological-changes-in-cerebral-cortex-and-lung-tissues-under-the-effect-of-tramadol-treatment
#19
Eatemad A Awadalla, Alaa-Eldin Salah-Eldin
Tramadol abuse is one of the most frequent health problems in Egypt and worldwide. In most cases, tramadol abused by men face a problem with premature ejaculation. Tramadol like other opioids induces a decrease in plasma antioxidant levels, which may reflect a failure of the antioxidant defense mechanism against oxidative damage. The present work aimed to study the possible deleterious effects of oral administration of tramadol on brain and lung tissues in rats. Twenty adult male albino rats were divided into two groups; a control administered with normal saline and tramadol-treated (40mg/kg b...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457368/drug-interaction-and-serotonin-toxicity-with-opioid-use-another-reason-to-avoid-opioids-in-headache-and-migraine-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Hossein Ansari, Leila Kouti
Treatment of headache, specifically migraine attacks, has always been a challenging subject, especially for neurologist and pain specialists. Triptans are generally underutilized, despite being the gold standard abortive medication for migraine attacks. On the other hand, opioid analgesics are overused as a treatment for headache. One reason for this could be physician unfamiliarity with drug interactions between opioids and other medications, especially the possibility of serotonin toxicity. The general awareness of potential serotonin toxicity with using opioid analgesics is low...
August 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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