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Lumbar chronic pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934790/factors-associated-with-successful-responses-to-transforaminal-balloon-adhesiolysis-for-chronic-lumbar-foraminal-stenosis-retrospective-study
#1
Doo Hwan Kim, Seong-Sik Cho, Yeon-Jin Moon, Koo Kwon, Kunhee Lee, Jeong-Gil Leem, Jin-Woo Shin, Ji Hyun Park, Seong-Soo Choi
BACKGROUND: Recently, transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis was introduced to manage patients with chronic radicular pain occurring with or without low back pain. However, the factors associated with successful responses to transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis are not known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with successful responses to transforaminal balloon adhesiolysis for chronic lumbar spinal stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective observational study...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931976/effectiveness-of-dry-needling-versus-a-classical-physiotherapy-program-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Emİne Handan Tüzün, Sıla Gıldır, Ender Angın, Büşra Hande Tecer, Kezban Öztürk Dana, Mehtap Malkoç
[Purpose] We compared the effectiveness of dry needling with a classical physiotherapy program in patients with chronic low-back pain caused by lumbar disc hernia (LHNP). [Subjects and Methods] In total, 34 subjects were allocated randomly to the study (n=18) and control groups (n=16). In the study group, dry needling was applied using acupuncture needles. The control group performed a home exercise program in addition to hot pack, TENS, and ultrasound applications. Pain was assessed with the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928587/unexpected-complication-after-caudal-epidural-steroid-injection-hiccup
#3
Ayhan Kaydu, Ebru Tarıkçı Kılıç, Erhan Gökçek, Mehmet Salim Akdemir
Persistent hiccup is uncommon, and the mechanism is poorly understood. We present the case of a 43-year-old male patient referred to the Algology department due to chronic back pain who developed what we believe a rare case of persistent hiccup secondary to caudal epidural steroid injection (CESI). The causes of hiccup are many and include electrolyte derangement, nutritional deficiencies, gastrointestinal disorders and instrumentation, cardiovascular disorders, renal impairment, central nervous system disorders, and drugs; however, the cause may be unknown...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928256/melioidosis-mimicking-tubercular-cold-abscess
#4
Raghuraj Suresh Kundangar, Shyamasunder N Bhat, Simanchal P Mohanty
Burkholderia pseudomallei is a Gram-negative bacillus found in soil. The infection is thought to occur by inoculation or inhalation. It usually affects people with predisposing factors like diabetes mellitus and chronic alcoholism. A 36-year-old man, on the treatment of diabetes in the past 4 years, on oral hypoglycaemic drugs, presented to us with pain and insidious onset of swelling over left loin like a lumbar cold abscess. He underwent incision and drainage of the abscess. As per the culture report, we used ceftazidime for 2 weeks, followed by cotrimoxazole for 6 months...
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914719/physical-therapy-management-of-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-and-hip-abductor-weakness
#5
Seth Peterson, Thomas Denninger
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hip abductor dysfunction is common in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Previous research investigating abductor strengthening in the heterogeneous CLBP population is sparse and has failed to target those patients most likely to benefit. The aim of the current case series was to describe the physical therapy management and outcomes of 3 patients with CLBP matching a previously identified subgroup characterized by substantial hip abductor weakness. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three nonconsecutive patients with CLBP-a 77-year-old man, a 78-year-old woman, and an 85-year-old woman-were treated in an outpatient physical therapy clinic...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885356/correlations-between-lumbar-neuromuscular-function-and-pain-lumbar-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Haoyu Hu, Yili Zheng, Xueqiang Wang, Binglin Chen, Yulin Dong, Juan Zhang, Xiaochen Liu, Di Gong
This study aims to examine the correlations between lumbar neuromuscular function and pain, lumbar disability in patients with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP).Ninety patients, with ages 18 to 37 years old, with NSLBP were recruited in this study. The lumbar neuromuscular function was tested by the CON-TREX multijoint isokinetic test and training machine. This study uses the visual analog scale (VAS) and Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) to evaluate the pain and the dysfunction index of patients who have low back pain, respectively...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885297/spinal-surgeons-opinions-on-pre-and-postoperative-rehabilitation-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-survey-based-study-in-the-netherlands-and-sweden
#7
Reni M A van Erp, Jetse Jelsma, Ivan P J Huijnen, Mari Lundberg, Paul C Willems, Rob J E M Smeets
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey in the Netherlands and Sweden. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Dutch and Swedish spinal surgeons' opinions on spinal fusion pre- and postoperative rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spinal fusion surgery is increasingly provided in patients with chronic low back pain. No guidelines however exist for pre- and postoperative rehabilitation and it is unknown what opinions spinal surgeons currently have about pre- and postoperative rehabilitation...
September 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883862/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-in-the-elderly-polish-population-results-of-the-polsenior-study
#8
Elzbieta Kozak-Szkopek, Katarzyna Broczek, Przemyslaw Slusarczyk, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis, Alicja Klich-Raczka, Aleksandra Szybalska, Malgorzata Mossakowska
INTRODUCTION: Pain is the most common complaint of elderly people. In Poland, no large studies on the prevalence of chronic pain in the elderly were conducted until recently. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a part of the PolSenior project, a cross-sectional multidisciplinary study on ageing of the Polish population, and included a randomly selected group of 716 people aged 55-59 years, and 4979 people over 65 years. The survey was conducted through a standardized questionnaire...
August 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878472/effects-of-the-centrifugal-contraction-exercise-of-the-rectus-abdominis-accompanied-with-the-isometric-exercise-of-the-transversus-abdominis-on-pain-and-balance-of-lower-back-pain-patients
#9
Jung-Ho Lee
[Purpose] The current study attempted to examine the effects of centrifugal contraction exercise of the rectus abdominis during the isometric contraction of the transversus abdominis on pain and balance of patients with chronic back pain. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects included thirty patients who were diagnosed with back pain due to causes other than neurological by a specialist after conducting a medical precision diagnosis. The experiment was performed after evenly dividing the subjects into two groups, namely, control and experimental, using a random method...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869902/acute-effects-of-anesthetic-lumbar-spine-injections-on-temporal-spatial-parameters-of-gait-in-individuals-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#10
Carl L Herndon, MaryBeth Horodyski, Heather K Vincent
This study examined whether epidural injection-induced anesthesia acutely and positively affected temporal spatial parameters of gait in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) due to lumbar spinal stenosis. Twenty-five patients (61.7±13.6years) who were obtaining lumbar epidural injections for stenosis-related LBP participated. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, Medical Outcomes Short Form (SF-36) scores, 11-point Numerical pain rating (NRSpain) scores, and temporal spatial parameters of walking gait were obtained prior to, and 11-point Numerical pain rating (NRSpain) scores, and temporal spatial parameters of walking gait were obtained after the injection...
August 31, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857901/two-unique-cases-of-ciprofloxacin-associated-avulsion-of-ligament-and-tendon
#11
Jeffrey David Smith, Robert W Irwin, Erin T Wolff
Ciprofloxacin is recognized to have a deleterious relationship with tendons, particularly Achilles tendinopathy, which makes up most case reports. Tendinopathy seems to occur because of induction of collagen-degrading enzymes causing damage and ischemia of the poorly vascularized regions preventing repair. The focus on the relationship of ciprofloxacin and the Achilles tendon leaves patients on fluoroquinolones with non-Achilles tendinopathy symptoms at risk of misdiagnosis. There have not been any documented instances of ligament damage with ciprofloxacin administration in the literature, although ligament and tendon compositions are similar and should have similar susceptibility...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841866/differences-in-lumbar-spine-and-lower-extremity-kinematics-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain-during-a-step-up-task-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Katie Mitchell, Madeline Porter, Lauren Anderson, Carter Phillips, Grayson Arceo, Brian Montz, Susan Levy, Sara P Gombatto
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) affects more than one third of the population at any given time, and chronic LBP is responsible for increased medical costs, functional limitations and decreased quality of life. A clear etiology is often difficult to identify, but aberrant posture and movement are considered contributing factors to chronic LBP that are addressed during physiotherapy intervention. Information about aberrant movement during functional activities in people with LBP can help inform more effective interventions...
August 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840073/epidural-scarring-after-lumbar-disc-surgery-equivalent-scarring-with-without-free-autologous-fat-grafts
#13
M Dobran, D Brancorsini, M Della Costanza, V Liverotti, F Mancini, D Nasi, M Iacoangeli, M Scerrati
BACKGROUND: To limit epidural fibrosis and prevent scar formation/nerve tethering that may contribute to chronic postoperative pain; some surgeons have utilized epidural autologous fat grafts following lumbar microdiscectomy. METHODS: We investigated the correlation between post-microdiscectomy epidural scarring [including select magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies] and clinical outcomes in 36 patients operated for symptomatic. MRI documented L4-L5 and L5-S1 disk herniations with (18 patients) and without (18 patient) the application of free fat grafts...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807742/a-cost-utility-analysis-of-dynesys-dynamic-stabilization-versus-instrumented-fusion-for-the-treatment-of-degenerative-lumbar-spine-diseases
#14
Kan Liu, Wei Sun, Qiang Lu, Jiying Chen, Jiaguang Tang
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic chronic low back and leg pain resulting from lumbar spine degenerative disorders is highly prevalent in China, and for some patients, surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal non-fusion have been introduced to reduce the side-effects of fusion methods and hasten postoperative recovery. In this study, the authors have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of Dynesys posterior dynamic stabilization system (DY) compared with lumbar fusion techniques in the treatment of single-level degenerative lumbar spinal conditions...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807628/vertebral-alveolar-echinococcosis-a-case-report-systematic-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Raphael Meinel, Bruno Gottstein, Vanessa Geib, Marius Johann Keel, Ruggero Biral, Markus Mohaupt, Jan Brügger
Alveolar echinococcosis caused by Echinococcus multilocularis is an infrequent zoonosis with a high degree of disability, morbidity, and mortality, especially in disease clusters of the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis is complicated by extended incubation time, diverse clinical manifestations, and mimicking of differential diagnoses. The primary organ affected is the liver, but extrahepatic disease is possible, with vertebral involvement in only a few dozen cases described worldwide. Although vertebral alveolar echinococcosis seems to be rare, it might be under diagnosed, and it might be seen more often as the number of people with immunocompromised conditions increases...
August 11, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798688/establishment-and-characterization-of-a-novel-rat-model-of-mechanical-low-back-pain-using-behavioral-pharmacologic-and-histologic-methods
#16
Arjun Muralidharan, Thomas S W Park, John T Mackie, Luiz G S Gimenez, Andy Kuo, Janet R Nicholson, Laura Corradini, Maree T Smith
Chronic low back pain (LBP), the leading cause of disability globally, is notoriously difficult to treat. Most rodent models of LBP mimic lumbar radicular pain rather than mechanical LBP. Here, we describe establishment of a new rat model of mechanical LBP that is devoid of a neuropathic component. Groups of adult male Sprague Dawley rats were anesthetized and their lumbar L4/L5 and L5/L6 intervertebral disks (IVDs) were punctured (0.5 mm outer diameter, 2mm-deep) 5 (LPB-5X), or 10 (LBP-10X) times per disk...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#17
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771864/back-school-programme-for-nurses-has-reduced-low-back-pain-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
M Járomi, A Kukla, B Szilágyi, Á Ugron, V Kovácsné Bobály, A Makai, P Linek, P Ács, E Leidecker
BACKGROUND: Millions of nurses around the world suffer from occupational-related chronic non-specific low back pain (cnsLBP). Generally, LBP in nurses is a result of increased pressure on the spine, and can be associated with improperly conducted patient lifting techniques. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were:1) to examine patient lifting techniques used by nurses; and 2) to evaluate an effectiveness of the Spine Care for Nurses programme in cnsLBP reduction and the execution of proper patient lifting techniques...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767621/the-ute-disc-sign-on-mri-a-novel-imaging-biomarker-associated-with-degenerative-spine-changes-low-back-pain-and-disability
#19
Henry Pang, Cora Bow, Jason Pui Yin Cheung, Uruj Zehra, Arijitt Borthakur, Jaro Karppinen, Nozomu Inoue, Hai-Qiang Wang, Keith D K Luk, Kenneth M C Cheung, Dino Samartzis
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution of the ultra-short time-to-echo (UTE) Disc Sign (UDS).and its association with disc degeneration, other MRI phenotypes, pain and disability profiles. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Disc degeneration has been conventionally assessed by T2-weighted (T2W) signal intensity on MRI; however, its clinical utility has been questionable. UTE MRI assesses short T2 components. The authors have identified a new imaging biomarker on UTE - the UDS...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767595/the-comparison-of-measurement-between-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography-for-abnormal-degenerative-facet-joints-a-strobe-compliant-article
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Wen Shi, Dan Tian, Da Liu, Jing Yin, Ying Huang
Besides the study on examining facet joints of lumbar spine by ultrasound in normal population, there has not been any related report about examining normal facet joints of lumbar spine by ultrasound so far. This study was aimed to explore the feasibility of ultrasound assessment of lumber spine facet joints by comparing ultrasound measure values of normal and degenerative lumber spine facet joints, and by comparing measure values of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) of degenerative lumber spine facet joints...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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