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Olli Kiviruusu, Noora Berg, Taina Huurre, Hillevi Aro, Mauri Marttunen, Ari Haukkala
This study investigated the association between interpersonal conflicts and the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to mid-adulthood. The directionality of effects between self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts was also studied. Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at age 16 (N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 (N = 1656), 32 (N = 1471) and 42 (N = 1334) using postal questionnaires. Measures covered self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts including, conflicts with parents, friends, colleagues, superiors, partners, break-ups with girl/boyfriends, and divorces...
2016: PloS One
Megan S C Lim, Alyce M Vella, Danielle R Horyniak, Margaret E Hellard
Background: Sexting is a common emerging phenomenon. This study aims to explore young people's attitudes towards sexting. Methods: Participants (n=469, age range 15-29 years) were recruited at a music festival and self-completed a questionnaire. Attitudes towards sexting were assessed using a series of seven statements, rated on a five-point Likert scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. Correlates of sexting attitudes were determined using multivariable regression. Results: Forty-six percent of respondents reported ever sexting...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Teresa Kirchner-Nebot, Maria Forns-Santacana, Caterina Calderón, Irina Planellas
AIM: To analyze the viability of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) for measuring the mental states associated with psychopathological problems in adolescents. METHODS: In a sample of 110 adolescents, a sociodemographic data survey and an EMA Smartphone application over a one-week period (five times each day), was developed to explore symptom profiles, everyday problems, coping strategies, and the contexts in which the events take place. RESULTS: The positive response was 68...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
L Garcin, M Le Roch, C-A Agbessi, J-B Lobut, A Lecoeur, G Benoist
"Purple drank" is a dangerous hallucinogenic cocktail commonly used by teenagers, made popular by American rappers and social networks. It combines codeine-based cough syrup, antihistamines such as promethazine, and soda. Unknown by caregivers, it may be responsible for serious neuropsychological complications. We report the effects of this new risky behavior in three patients: a 14-year-old girl and her boyfriend, both found in an initial state of drowsiness, followed by hallucinations and anticholinergic toxidrome; and another teenager whose chronic use led to addiction with increasing doses...
September 23, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Melissa F Peskin, Christine M Markham, Ross Shegog, Jeff R Temple, Elizabeth R Baumler, Robert C Addy, Belinda Hernandez, Paula Cuccaro, Efrat K Gabay, Melanie Thiel, Susan Tortolero Emery
Much is known about the prevalence and correlates of dating violence, especially the perpetration of physical dating violence, among older adolescents. However, relatively little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the perpetration of cyber dating abuse, particularly among early adolescents. In this study, using a predominantly ethnic-minority sample of sixth graders who reported ever having had a boyfriend/girlfriend (n = 424, 44.2 % female), almost 15 % reported perpetrating cyber dating abuse at least once during their lifetime...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Kathryn Goldrath, Lauren B Smith
When a gynecologist asks a twenty-one-year-old patient about her use of contraception, he is surprised that she would like to have a tubal ligation. The patient says that she would "never want to bring a child into this screwed up world." She has discussed tubal ligation with her boyfriend of one year, and he has told her that he accepts her decision. She asks her doctor if she can schedule the procedure as soon as possible. Her gynecologist mentions that he is concerned that she is very young and may eventually change her mind about having children...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
Arielle H Sheftall, Lindsey Asti, Lisa M Horowitz, Adrienne Felts, Cynthia A Fontanella, John V Campo, Jeffrey A Bridge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Suicide in elementary school-aged children is not well studied, despite a recent increase in the suicide rate among US black children. The objectives of this study were to describe characteristics and precipitating circumstances of suicide in elementary school-aged children relative to early adolescent decedents and identify potential within-group racial differences. METHODS: We analyzed National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) surveillance data capturing suicide deaths from 2003 to 2012 for 17 US states...
September 19, 2016: Pediatrics
Thomas Quigley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: Anesthesiology
Dumisa Sofika, Mary van der Riet
This paper explores how vulnerability is produced through the adoption of sexually scripted practices by young people in a rural area in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. It uses script theory to explore how scripted practices sustain and reproduce dominant gender norms, and in the process reproduce vulnerability for young women. Qualitative data drawn from 23 individual interviews and six focus groups with participants between 18 and 35 years of age were analysed to explore how sexual relationships are configured...
August 17, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Simone Márcia da Silva, Natalia Fernanda Braido, Ana Carolina Ottaviani, Gabriela Dutra Gesualdo, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta, Fabiana de Souza Orlandi
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the instrumental and emotional social support of patients with chronic kidney disease on hemodialysis. METHOD: descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample was sized for convenience and included 103 participants under treatment in a Renal Replacement Therapy Unit. Data were collected through individual interviews, using the Social Support Scale. RESULTS: the mean scores of the emotional and instrumental social support were 3...
August 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Victor Jide Animasahun, Oluwafolahan Oluwagbemiga Sholeye, Adebisi Dare Oduwole
Sexual risk-taking among adolescents, leads to several negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes such as unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study assessed sexual risk behaviours and associated factors among in-school adolescent females in Ijebu-Ode, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 131 female adolescents selected via multi-stage sampling from senior secondary schools in Ijebu-Ode, southwest Nigeria. Data was collected using a validated, semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire and analysed using SPSS 17...
July 9, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Supattra Sukhawaha, Suwanna Arunpongpaisal, Somporn Rungreangkulkij
The study goal was to describe attempted suicide triggers in Thai adolescents. A descriptive exploratory qualitative study approach was used utilizing in-depth interviews with twelve adolescents who had attempted suicide and six of their parents. Content analysis was conducted. Attempted suicide triggers were (1) severe verbal criticisms and expulsion to die by a significant family member, (2) disappointed and unwanted by boyfriend in first serious relationship, (3) unwanted pregnancy, and (4) mental illness leading to intense emotions and irresistible impulses...
June 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
Jerika C Norona, Patricia N E Roberson, Deborah P Welsh
The present study utilizes the actor-partner interdependence model to examine the longitudinal relationship between rejection sensitivity and one's own and one's partner's depressive symptoms. The sample included adolescent romantic couples from the U.S. (N = 198 adolescents; 50% girls; 90.2% Caucasian) whose rejection sensitivity at Time 1 and depressive symptoms approximately one year later (Time 2) were assessed. Additionally, aggressive behaviors and maintenance behaviors that commonly associated with rejection sensitivity (e...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Yu Liu, Dongliang Li, Sten H Vermund, Chen Zhang, Yuhua Ruan, Lu Yin, Hongjie Liu, K Rivet Amico, Yiming Shao, Han-Zhu Qian
Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionally affected by HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but little is known about the role of current marital status and living arrangements in shaping their HIV/syphilis risk. A cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM in Beijing, China to assess their sociodemographic/behavioral characteristics between married and single MSM, and test the hypothesis that currently married MSM have a lower odds of being HIV- and/or syphilis-infected. Participants were recruited via short message services, peer referral, internet, and community outreach...
November 2016: AIDS Care
Kelly Clarke, Praveetha Patalay, Elizabeth Allen, Louise Knight, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
OBJECTIVE: To explore patterns of physical, emotional and sexual violence against Ugandan children. DESIGN: Latent class and multinomial logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Luwero District, Uganda. PARTICIPANTS: In all, 3706 primary 5, 6 and 7 students attending 42 primary schools. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURE: To measure violence, we used the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect Child Abuse Screening Tool-Child Institutional...
2016: BMJ Open
Janet E Rosenbaum, Jonathan Zenilman, Eve Rose, Gina Wingood, Ralph DiClemente
Reproductive coercion has been hypothesized as a cause of unprotected sex and unplanned pregnancies, but research has focused on a narrow set of potential sources of reproductive coercion. We identified and evaluated eight potential sources of reproductive coercion from the Theory of Gender and Power including economic inequality between adolescent girls and their boyfriends, cohabitation, and age differences. The sample comprised sexually active African-American female adolescents, ages 15-21. At baseline (n = 715), 6 months (n = 607), and 12 months (n = 605), participants completed a 40-min interview and were tested for semen Y-chromosome with polymerase chain reaction from a self-administered vaginal swab...
June 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Azam Rahmani, Effat Merghati-Khoei, Lida Moghaddam-Banaem, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Ali Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Premarital sexual relationships could harm youth's health in terms of sexually transmitted infections or increased risk of unprotected sexual behaviors. Sexual abstinence has been recommended to prevent young adolescents from adverse outcomes of premarital sexual relationships. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the viewpoints of sexually active single women about premarital sexual relationships in the Iranian context. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this qualitative study, we recruited 41 young women aged 18 to 35 years...
March 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Kate S Wilson, George Wanje, Krista Yuhas, Jane M Simoni, Linnet Masese, Ann Vander Stoep, Walter Jaoko, James P Hughes, Barbra A Richardson, R Scott McClelland
We conducted a prospective cohort study to evaluate intimate partner violence (IPV) as a risk factor for detectable plasma viral load in HIV-positive female sex workers (FSWs) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Kenya. IPV in the past year was defined as ≥1 act of physical, sexual, or emotional violence by the index partner (i.e. boyfriend/husband). The primary outcome was detectable viral load (≥180 copies/ml). In-depth interviews and focus groups were included to contextualize results. Analyses included 195 women (570 visits)...
September 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Diane Brage Hudson, Christie Campbell-Grossman, Kevin A Kupzyk, Sara E Brown, Bernice C Yates, Kathleen M Hanna
AIMS: The aims of this study are to describe for single, low-income, adolescent, African American new mothers how (1) primary sources of social support changed over time, (2) the level of social support (emotional, informational, tangible, and problematic) from these primary sources changed over time, and (3) social support from the primary supporter was associated with mothers' psychosocial well-being (self-esteem and loneliness) over time. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a previous social support intervention study...
May 2016: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
Esra Ozgun Unal, Sermet Koc, Volkan Unal, Ramazan Akcan, Gulnaz T Javan
Death is the most severe consequence of violence against women. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of violence-related deaths among women and the general characteristics of fatal violence cases against women in Istanbul, Turkey. A total of 20,486 forensic autopsies performed between 2006 and 2010, in Istanbul, were retrospectively analyzed. Of these, 537 violence-related deaths among women were included in the study. The victims were investigated in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, exposed type of violence, and autopsy findings...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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