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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662457/age-of-sexual-initiation-and-depression-in-adolescents-data-from-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#1
Helen Gonçalves, Ana L Gonçalves Soares, Isabel O Bierhals, Adriana K F Machado, Mayra P Fernandes, Roberta Hirschmann, Thais M da Silva, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Ana M B Menezes
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sexual initiation at earlier ages increases the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, little is known about its association with major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: The association between age of sexual initiation and MDE at 18 years was assessed in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort using multiple logistic regression. Sexual initiation characteristics (age and type of partner) were assessed at the 15- and 18-years follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607672/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-violence-against-conflict-affected-female-adolescents-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#2
Lindsay Stark, Khudejha Asghar, Gary Yu, Caroline Bora, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Kathryn L Falb
BACKGROUND: Over half of displaced civilians in humanitarian emergencies are children, and these settings pose unique threats to children's safety with long-lasting consequences. Our study broadens the limited evidence on violence against adolescent girls in emergencies by estimating prevalence and predictors of violence among adolescent girls aged 13-14 in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and aged 13-19 in refugee camps in the Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia. METHODS: Survey data were collected from a sample of 1296 adolescent girls using Computer-Assisted Personal Interview and Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview programming...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574522/bipolar-disorder-making-the-dx-selecting-the-right-rx
#3
Michael Jason Wells, Charles M Kodner
A 23-year-old woman seeks medical attention at the request of her boyfriend because she's been "miserable" for 3 weeks. In the examination room, she slouches in the chair and says her mood is low, her grades have dropped, and she no longer enjoys social gatherings or her other usual activities. She has no thoughts of suicide, no weight loss, and no somatic symptoms.
June 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514866/social-support-and-amphetamine-type-stimulant-use-among-female-sex-workers-in-china
#4
Qun Zhao, Yuchen Mao, Xiaoming Li, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen
BACKGROUND: Existing research has suggested a positive role of social support in reducing drug use among female sex workers (FSWs). However, there is limited research on the role of social support in amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use among FSWs in China. This study explored the present situation of ATS use among FSWs in Guangxi, China and examined the associations of different types of social support from different sources with ATS use. METHOD: A sample of 1022 FSWs was recruited from 56 commercial sex venues in Guangxi Autonomous Region in China...
May 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485492/physical-abuse-of-elderly-adults-victim-characteristics-and-determinants-of-revictimization
#5
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Tazeen Rizvi, Renee Partida, Daniel Friedman
OBJECTIVES: To describe victim characteristics and determinants of recurrent physical abuse of elderly. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis of multiple data systems to study victims of elder mistreatment in the greater Chicago metropolitan area. SETTING: Five teaching hospitals with Level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older treated for physical and sexual abuse between 2000 and 2011. MEASUREMENTS: History of revictimization was based on hospital admission histories, Adult Protective Services records, and self-report...
May 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#6
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
June 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398661/experiences-of-violence-and-abuse-among-internally-displaced-adolescent-girls-following-a-natural-disaster
#7
Elizabeth Sloand, Cheryl Killion, Hossein Yarandi, Phyllis Sharps, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary, Nicole Muller Cesar, Doris Campbell
AIM: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. BACKGROUND: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. DESIGN: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342163/brief-report-sexual-attraction-and-relationships-in-adolescents-with-autism
#8
Tamara May, Ken C Pang, Katrina Williams
Past research suggests more variation in sexual attraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using clinical samples. This study utilised a population representative group of 14/15 year olds from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Ninety-four adolescents (73 males, 21 females) with ASD and 3454 (1685 males, 1675 females) without self-reported on sexual attraction and past sexual relationships. Females with ASD reported lower rates of heterosexual preference (adjusted odds ratio: 0.14, p < ...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315040/hiv-stigma-gay-identity-and-caste-untouchability-metaphors-of-abjection-in-my-brother%C3%A2-nikhil-the-boyfriend-and-gandu-bagicha
#9
Shamira A Meghani
In this article I read textual metaphors of 'untouchability' in 'post-AIDS' representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as 'traditional', residual, and receding...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283774/in-australia-most-hiv-infections-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-are-attributable-to-sex-with-new-partners
#10
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Graham Brown, Garrett Prestage
It has been estimated that the majority of global HIV infections among gay and bisexual men (GBM) can be attributed to sex within a committed relationship. In Australia, however, negotiated safety, whereby HIV-negative regular partners agree to discard condoms with each other but commit to consistent condom use with other partners, has been promoted as a key component of the HIV prevention response. We asked GBM recently diagnosed with HIV to describe their relationship to the person they believed to be the source of their infection ('source person')...
March 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274334/the-effect-of-insurance-type-on-trauma-patient-access-to-psychiatric-care-under-the-affordable-care-act
#11
Daniel H Wiznia, Julianna Maisano, Chang-Yeon Kim, Theodore Zaki, Hochang B Lee, Michael P Leslie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid, Medicare, private insurance or cash pay) on patients' access to psychiatrists for a new patient consultation. METHOD: 240 psychiatrists identified as interested in treating patients with PTSD were called across 8 states. The caller requested an appointment for her fictitious boyfriend who had been in a car accident to be evaluated for PTSD. Each office was called four times to assess the responses for each payment type...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183911/third-year-student-diary
#12
Rosie Perrett
Rosie Perrett is officially halfway through her veterinary degree and to celebrate she and her boyfriend spent a weekend in London. Here, she describes her pre-exam coping strategy.
February 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159129/attitudes-toward-abortion-among-students-at-the-university-of-cape-coast-ghana
#13
Sarah D Rominski, Eugene Darteh, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Michelle Munro-Kramer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the attitudes toward abortion of Ghanaian University students and to determine factors which are associated with supporting a woman's right to an abortion. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was administered to residential students at the University of Cape Coast. Participants were posed a series of 26 statements to determine to what extent they were supportive of abortion as a woman's right. An exploratory factor analysis was used to create a scale with the pertinent factors that relate to abortion attitudes and a multivariable linear regression model explored the relationships among significant variables noted during exploratory factor analysis...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130900/what-would-they-do-parents-responses-to-hypothetical-adolescent-dating-violence-situations
#14
Arlene N Weisz, Beverly M Black, Alicia C Hawley
Although adolescent dating violence (ADV) is recognized as a significant public health problem, little is known about how parents respond to it. This article analyzes exploratory, qualitative data from a public opinion survey of 529 Midwestern, U. S. parents' ideas about how they would respond to a daughter victimized by ADV. It examines differing responses between mothers and fathers across 3 vignettes. Most parents viewed the ADV as serious, meriting deeper discussions with the daughter, boyfriend, or his parents...
April 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874725/impact-of-perpetrator-type-on-attributions-of-mother-fault-in-child-sexual-abuse
#16
Jessica L Zagrodney, Jorden A Cummings
Blaming nonoffending mothers for child sexual abuse has substantial negative consequences for both the mother and child victim. Although perpetrator type has been shown to influence how much blame and responsibility is placed on nonoffending mothers in child sexual abuse cases, research to date has focused primarily on perpetrators who are strangers to the child or the child's biological father, ignoring the effect of other father-figure perpetrators. The current study examined how differences in perpetrator's relationship to the mother impacted blame, responsibility, cause, and prevention as separate constructs...
November 2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755568/interpersonal-conflicts-and-development-of-self-esteem-from-adolescence-to-mid-adulthood-a-26-year-follow-up
#17
Olli Kiviruusu, Noora Berg, Taina Huurre, Hillevi Aro, Mauri Marttunen, Ari Haukkala
This study investigated the association between interpersonal conflicts and the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to mid-adulthood. The directionality of effects between self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts was also studied. Participants of a Finnish cohort study in 1983 at age 16 (N = 2194) were followed up at ages 22 (N = 1656), 32 (N = 1471) and 42 (N = 1334) using postal questionnaires. Measures covered self-esteem and interpersonal conflicts including, conflicts with parents, friends, colleagues, superiors, partners, break-ups with girl/boyfriends, and divorces...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712613/exploring-attitudes-towards-sexting-of-young-people-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Megan S C Lim, Alyce M Vella, Danielle R Horyniak, Margaret E Hellard
Background: Sexting is a common emerging phenomenon. This study aims to explore young people's attitudes towards sexting. Methods: Participants (n=469, age range 15-29 years) were recruited at a music festival and self-completed a questionnaire. Attitudes towards sexting were assessed using a series of seven statements, rated on a five-point Likert scale from 'strongly agree' to 'strongly disagree'. Correlates of sexting attitudes were determined using multivariable regression. Results: Forty-six percent of respondents reported ever sexting...
October 7, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679769/ecological-momentary-assessment-with-smartphones-for-measuring-mental-health-problems-in-adolescents
#19
Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Teresa Kirchner-Nebot, Maria Forns-Santacana, Caterina Calderón, Irina Planellas
AIM: To analyze the viability of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) for measuring the mental states associated with psychopathological problems in adolescents. METHODS: In a sample of 110 adolescents, a sociodemographic data survey and an EMA Smartphone application over a one-week period (five times each day), was developed to explore symptom profiles, everyday problems, coping strategies, and the contexts in which the events take place. RESULTS: The positive response was 68...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670723/-purple-drank-a-dangerous-cocktail
#20
L Garcin, M Le Roch, C-A Agbessi, J-B Lobut, A Lecoeur, G Benoist
"Purple drank" is a dangerous hallucinogenic cocktail commonly used by teenagers, made popular by American rappers and social networks. It combines codeine-based cough syrup, antihistamines such as promethazine, and soda. Unknown by caregivers, it may be responsible for serious neuropsychological complications. We report the effects of this new risky behavior in three patients: a 14-year-old girl and her boyfriend, both found in an initial state of drowsiness, followed by hallucinations and anticholinergic toxidrome; and another teenager whose chronic use led to addiction with increasing doses...
November 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
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