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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082300/sources-of-electronic-cigarette-acquisition-among-adolescents-in-connecticut
#1
Grace Kong, Meghan E Morean, Dana A Cavallo, Deepa R Camenga, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
OBJECTIVES: We examined sources of e-cigarette acquisition among youth, and changes in these sources, between 2014 and 2015. We also assessed whether youth were ever refused the sale of e-cigarettes. METHODS: Anonymous, cross-sectional surveys conducted in five high schools in 2014 and 2015 in Connecticut assessed demographics, e-cigarette and cigarette use, and e-cigarette acquisition sources (friends/boyfriends/girlfriends, tobacco shops, siblings, online, parents/adult family members, other)...
January 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018586/sex-practices-and-awareness-of-ebola-virus-disease-among-male-survivors-and-their-partners-in-guinea
#2
Mandy Kader Kondé, Moustapha Keita Diop, Marie Yvonne Curtis, Abdoulaye Barry, Saidou Kouyaté, Ludovica Ghilardi, Sékou Kouyaté, Aissatou Malal Diallo, N'faly Magassouba, Isadora Quick, Mory Keïta, Miles W Carroll, Josep Jansa, Lorenzo Subissi
INTRODUCTION: Towards the end of the 2013-2016 West African outbreak, sexually-transmitted Ebola virus re-emerged from Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors in all three hardest hit countries. We explore sex practices and awareness of the risk of Ebola virus transmission among EVD survivors and their partners. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we recruited a convenience sample of study participants aged >15 years who were male EVD survivors, their sexual partners and a comparison group...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961096/fertile-ground-work-at-mit-s-center-for-gynepathology-research-is-revealing-how-tissue-engineering-can-help-address-gynecological-disorders
#3
Jennifer Berglund
At the age of 14, Linda Griffith experienced such abnormally painful periods that her doctor had already put her on birth control pills. They helped but only a little. In graduate school, a boyfriend convinced her to go off the pills, and her periods became so painful, she couldn't walk.
September 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899871/migration-experiences-and-reported-sexual-behavior-among-young-unmarried-female-migrants-in-changzhou-china
#4
Zhanhong Zong, Wenjian Yang, Xiaoming Sun, Jingshu Mao, Xingyu Shu, Norman Hearst
BACKGROUND: China has a large migrant population, including many young unmarried women. Little is known about their sexual behavior, contraceptive use, and risk of unintended pregnancy. METHODS: 475 unmarried female migrants aged 15-24, working in 1 of 6 factories in 2 districts of Changzhou city, completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire in May 2012 on demographic characteristics, work and living situation, and health. We examined demographic and migration experience predictors of sexual and contraceptive behavior using bivariate and multivariate regressions...
September 27, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887751/hiv-prevention-among-women-who-use-substances-and-report-sex-work-risk-groups-identified-among-south-african-women
#5
Wendee M Wechsberg, Courtney Peasant, Tracy Kline, William A Zule, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Felicia A Browne, Colby Gabel, Charles van der Horst
This cross-sectional study presents baseline data from women (n = 641) in a community-based randomized trial in Pretoria, South Africa. Women were eligible if they reported recent alcohol or other drug (AOD) use and condomless sex. Latent class analyses were conducted separately for those who reported sex work and those who did not. Among those who reported sex work, a Risky Sex class (n = 72, 28%) and Low Sexual Risk class (n = 190, 73%) emerged. Those in the Risky Sex class were more likely to report that their last episode of sexual intercourse was with their boyfriend (vs...
November 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847057/-three-level-logistic-analysis-related-to-influencing-factors-on-condom-use-among-female-sex-workers-aged-35-years-and-above-in-qingdao
#6
C X Zhang, Y Q Xu, Y F Li, Z X Jiang, X J Zhang, N Zhang, X F Li, B F Jiang
Objective: To analyze the influencing factors on condom use among 35-years-or-older female sex workers (OFSWs) in Qingdao by using the three-level logistic model. Methods: From March to June 2014, OFSWs were recruited in Qingdao, using respondent-driven sampling. Related information on OFSWs and their recent five sexual partners (not including husband) were obtained by conducting a questionnaire survey on OFSWs. A Three-level logistic regression model was conducted to analyze the influencing factors of condom use between OFSWs and their sexual partners...
August 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797278/hiv-prevalence-and-high-risk-behaviour-of-young-brothel-and-non-brothel-based-female-sex-workers-in-nigeria
#7
Uchenna Onyekachi Okafor, Rik Crutzen, Okekearu Ifeanyi, Sylvia Adebajo, Hubertus Van den Borne
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) have been identified as a core group in the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Young FSWs are particularly more vulnerable to HIV due to the combination of vulnerabilities associated with their youth and the sex work they engage in. This study aims to give more insight into HIV prevalence and sexual risk behaviour of young FSWs in Nigeria, by focusing on the differences between BB and NBB young FSWs. METHODS: Data was obtained from the Nigeria Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey (IBBSS) for high-risk groups conducted in 2010...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738807/sexual-violence-against-female-university-students-in-ethiopia
#8
Yohannes Mehretie Adinew, Mihiret Abreham Hagos
BACKGROUND: Though many women are suffering the consequences of sexual violence, only few victims speak out as it is sensitive and prone to stigma. This lack of data made it difficult to get full picture of the problem and design proper interventions. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with sexual violence among female students of Wolaita Sodo University, south Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among 462 regular female Wolaita Sodo University students on April 7/2015...
July 24, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662457/age-of-sexual-initiation-and-depression-in-adolescents-data-from-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort
#9
Helen Gonçalves, Ana L Gonçalves Soares, Isabel O Bierhals, Adriana K F Machado, Mayra P Fernandes, Roberta Hirschmann, Thais M da Silva, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Ana M B Menezes
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that sexual initiation at earlier ages increases the risk of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, little is known about its association with major depressive episode (MDE). METHODS: The association between age of sexual initiation and MDE at 18 years was assessed in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort using multiple logistic regression. Sexual initiation characteristics (age and type of partner) were assessed at the 15- and 18-years follow-up...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607672/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-violence-against-conflict-affected-female-adolescents-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#10
Lindsay Stark, Khudejha Asghar, Gary Yu, Caroline Bora, Asham Assazenew Baysa, Kathryn L Falb
BACKGROUND: Over half of displaced civilians in humanitarian emergencies are children, and these settings pose unique threats to children's safety with long-lasting consequences. Our study broadens the limited evidence on violence against adolescent girls in emergencies by estimating prevalence and predictors of violence among adolescent girls aged 13-14 in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and aged 13-19 in refugee camps in the Benishangul-Gumuz region of Ethiopia. METHODS: Survey data were collected from a sample of 1296 adolescent girls using Computer-Assisted Personal Interview and Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interview programming...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574522/bipolar-disorder-making-the-dx-selecting-the-right-rx
#11
Michael Jason Wells, Charles M Kodner
A 23-year-old woman seeks medical attention at the request of her boyfriend because she's been "miserable" for 3 weeks. In the examination room, she slouches in the chair and says her mood is low, her grades have dropped, and she no longer enjoys social gatherings or her other usual activities. She has no thoughts of suicide, no weight loss, and no somatic symptoms.
June 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514866/social-support-and-amphetamine-type-stimulant-use-among-female-sex-workers-in-china
#12
Qun Zhao, Yuchen Mao, Xiaoming Li, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen
BACKGROUND: Existing research has suggested a positive role of social support in reducing drug use among female sex workers (FSWs). However, there is limited research on the role of social support in amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) use among FSWs in China. This study explored the present situation of ATS use among FSWs in Guangxi, China and examined the associations of different types of social support from different sources with ATS use. METHOD: A sample of 1022 FSWs was recruited from 56 commercial sex venues in Guangxi Autonomous Region in China...
May 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485492/physical-abuse-of-elderly-adults-victim-characteristics-and-determinants-of-revictimization
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lee S Friedman, Susan Avila, Tazeen Rizvi, Renee Partida, Daniel Friedman
OBJECTIVES: To describe victim characteristics and determinants of recurrent physical abuse of elderly. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective analysis of multiple data systems to study victims of elder mistreatment in the greater Chicago metropolitan area. SETTING: Five teaching hospitals with Level 1 trauma centers. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 60 and older treated for physical and sexual abuse between 2000 and 2011. MEASUREMENTS: History of revictimization was based on hospital admission histories, Adult Protective Services records, and self-report...
July 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433773/who-s-calling-social-networks-and-mobile-phone-use-among-motorcyclists
#14
Chris De Gruyter, Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen
Mobile phone use while riding a motorcycle poses a key safety risk, particularly among younger people who have been found to be more susceptible to distracted driving. While previous research has examined the influence of social networks on mobile phone use while driving a car, no research has explored this association in the context of motorcycle use. Using a survey of university students in Vietnam, this research explores the association between social networks and mobile phone use among motorcyclists and the links this has to reported crashes/falls...
June 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398661/experiences-of-violence-and-abuse-among-internally-displaced-adolescent-girls-following-a-natural-disaster
#15
Elizabeth Sloand, Cheryl Killion, Hossein Yarandi, Phyllis Sharps, Annie Lewis-O'Connor, Mona Hassan, Faye Gary, Nicole Muller Cesar, Doris Campbell
AIM: To describe the physical, psychological and sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent girls following the 2010 Haiti earthquake and related risk factors, health concerns and cultural norms. BACKGROUND: Thousands of adolescents were displaced following the earthquake, leaving them vulnerable to abuse and violence. Displaced survivors are disproportionately vulnerable to violence after natural and man-made disasters. DESIGN: A descriptive-correlational design was used to: (1) describe the extent of violence, health risks and concerns in the displaced adolescent girls; and (2) identify correlations in the strength and magnitude of relationships between selected variables including demographics, risk factors and cultural tolerance of violence...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342163/brief-report-sexual-attraction-and-relationships-in-adolescents-with-autism
#16
Tamara May, Ken C Pang, Katrina Williams
Past research suggests more variation in sexual attraction in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) using clinical samples. This study utilised a population representative group of 14/15 year olds from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Ninety-four adolescents (73 males, 21 females) with ASD and 3454 (1685 males, 1675 females) without self-reported on sexual attraction and past sexual relationships. Females with ASD reported lower rates of heterosexual preference (adjusted odds ratio: 0.14, p < ...
June 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315040/hiv-stigma-gay-identity-and-caste-untouchability-metaphors-of-abjection-in-my-brother%C3%A2-nikhil-the-boyfriend-and-gandu-bagicha
#17
Shamira A Meghani
In this article I read textual metaphors of 'untouchability' in 'post-AIDS' representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as 'traditional', residual, and receding...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283774/in-australia-most-hiv-infections-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-are-attributable-to-sex-with-new-partners
#18
Ian Down, Jeanne Ellard, Benjamin R Bavinton, Graham Brown, Garrett Prestage
It has been estimated that the majority of global HIV infections among gay and bisexual men (GBM) can be attributed to sex within a committed relationship. In Australia, however, negotiated safety, whereby HIV-negative regular partners agree to discard condoms with each other but commit to consistent condom use with other partners, has been promoted as a key component of the HIV prevention response. We asked GBM recently diagnosed with HIV to describe their relationship to the person they believed to be the source of their infection ('source person')...
March 10, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274334/the-effect-of-insurance-type-on-trauma-patient-access-to-psychiatric-care-under-the-affordable-care-act
#19
Daniel H Wiznia, Julianna Maisano, Chang-Yeon Kim, Theodore Zaki, Hochang B Lee, Michael P Leslie
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid, Medicare, private insurance or cash pay) on patients' access to psychiatrists for a new patient consultation. METHOD: 240 psychiatrists identified as interested in treating patients with PTSD were called across 8 states. The caller requested an appointment for her fictitious boyfriend who had been in a car accident to be evaluated for PTSD. Each office was called four times to assess the responses for each payment type...
March 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183911/third-year-student-diary
#20
Rosie Perrett
Rosie Perrett is officially halfway through her veterinary degree and to celebrate she and her boyfriend spent a weekend in London. Here, she describes her pre-exam coping strategy.
February 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
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