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Sleep disordered breathing and gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923022/the-association-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-cad-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Audrius Alonderis, Nijole Raskauskiene, Vaidute Gelziniene, Narseta Mickuviene, Julija Brozaitiene
BACKGROUND: There is still insufficient knowledge on the potential effect of mild to moderate sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that is widely prevalent, often asymptomatic, and largely undiagnosed in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). SDB affects 34% of men and 17% of women aged between 30 and 70. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between SDB and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy as well as structural remodeling in stable CAD patients. METHODS: The study was based on a cross-sectional design...
September 18, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905231/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-the-risk-of-cognitive-decline-a-meta-analysis-of-19-940-participants
#2
REVIEW
Xiaoxia Zhu, Yanli Zhao
Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is related to the incidence of cognitive decline. However, results of cohort studies were inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the sequential association between SDB and cognitive decline. Cohort studies were identified by the searching of PubMed and Embase databases. A random effect model was applied to combine the results. Nineteen thousand nine hundred forty participants from six cohort studies were included. Participants with SDB at baseline had significantly higher risk of cognitive decline, as indicated by a combined outcome of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia (RR = 1...
September 13, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899547/linear-dimensions-of-normal-upper-airway-structure-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-chinese-han-infants-and-preschool-children
#3
Xiaoli Yi, Linyin Yao, Xinyu Yuan, Yongxiang Wei, Zhenchang Wang
OBJECTIVES: To establish normative data of upper airway structure in Chinese Han infants and preschool children. METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 521 Chinese Han infants and preschool children (225 girls, 296 boys) aged from 1 day to 72 months were selected from the children who underwent head MRI at the Capital Institute of Pediatrics Affiliated Children Hospital, Beijing, China. No subjects had sleep-disordered breathing or associated conditions that may have affected the upper airway anatomy...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875928/the-association-of-hla-dqb1-0602-but-not-hla-drb1-15-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#4
Suleiman M Momany, Thamer A Al-Qatarneh, Yousef S Khader, Nizar M Abu-Harfeil, Ammar K Daoud, Amjad A Mahasneh
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep breathing disorder with unclear multifactorial pathogenesis. This study aimed to investigate the association between OSA and two human leukocyte antigens (HLA) alleles; DQB1*0602 and DRB1*15. METHODS: Forty patients with OSA and 40 control subjects were enrolled in the study. OSA diagnosis was made utilizing the Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI)≥5 in overnight polysomnography (PSG). AHI was also used to determine OSA severity...
August 29, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863183/increased-microcirculatory-heterogeneity-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Lukas Ruzek, Karolina Svobodova, Lyle J Olson, Ondrej Ludka, Ivan Cundrle
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common form of sleep disordered breathing and has been associated with major cardiovascular comorbidities. We hypothesized that the microcirculation is impaired in patients with OSA and that the magnitude of impairment correlates to OSA severity. METHODS: Subjects were consecutive patients scheduled for routine diagnostic polysomnography (PSG). OSA was defined by paradoxical rib cage movements together with abdominal excursions and by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) (events/hour; no apnea AHI<5; mild apnea 5≤AHI<15; moderate apnea 15≤AHI<30; severe apnea AHI ≥30)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853425/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-osas-and-cardiovascular-system
#6
Carolina Lombardi, Eleonora Tobaldini, Nicola Montano, Anna Losurdo, Gianfranco Parati
There is increasing evidence of a relationship between Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular diseases. The strong association between OSA and arterial hypertension, in particular in patients with resistant hypertension and/or a non-dipping profile, has been extensively reported. The relationship between OSA and high blood pressure (BP) has been found independent from a number of confounders, but several factors may affect this relationship, including age and sex. It is thus important to better assess pathophysiologic and clinical interactions between OSA and arterial hypertension, also aimed at optimizing treatment approaches in OSA and hypertensive patients with co-morbidities...
August 28, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749243/epidemiology-and-trend-of-pediatric-adenoidectomy-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan-from-1997-to-2012
#7
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVES: To assess population-level data for pediatric adenoidectomy. METHODS: Using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 1997-2012 period, all inpatients <18 years who received adenoidectomies were identified by codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. RESULTS: A total of 20,599 children underwent adenoidectomy (mean age, 7.4 years; 67% boys). The overall incidence rate was 24...
July 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681708/influence-of-autonomic-nervous-system-dysfunction-in-the-genesis-of-sleep-disorders-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#8
Maurizio Rizzi, Dejan Radovanovic, Pierachille Santus, Andrea Airoldi, Francesca Frassanito, Silvia Vanni, Andrea Cristiano, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic musculoskeletal pain, autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction, and disturbed sleep. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ANS dysfunction on the genesis of sleep disorders. METHODS: Fifty female FM patients and 45 healthy subjects matched for age, gender and body mass index underwent a clinical, polysomnographic and autonomic profile evaluation at rest and during a tilt test in order to determine muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), plasma catecholamine levels, and the spectral indices of cardiac sympathetic (LFRR) and vagal (HFRR) modulation computed by means of the spectrum analysis of RR during sleep...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673760/the-influence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#9
Paulo Bugalho, Marcelo Mendonça, Raquel Barbosa, Manuel Salavisa
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Because both REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can present with similar symptoms, it is important to understand the influence of OSA in the clinical manifestations of RBD and whether RBD modulates OSA severity. Our objectives were to compare: 1. the intensity of non-motor symptoms between RBD patients with (RBD-OSA) and without OSA (RBD-non-OSA), and 2. polysomnographic features between RBD-OSA and OSA without RBD (OSA-non-RBD) patients...
June 1, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619177/women-with-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-are-less-likely-to-be-diagnosed-and-treated-for-sleep-apnea-than-men
#10
Eva Lindberg, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Rain Jögi, Thorarinn Gislason, Francisco Gomez Real, Vivi Schlünssen, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Women are often underrepresented at sleep clinics evaluating sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The aim of the present study was to analyze gender differences in sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment in men and women with similar symptoms of SDB. METHODS: Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) provided information about snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), BMI and somatic diseases at baseline (1999-2001) and follow-up (2010-2012) from 4962 men and 5892 women...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592979/sleep-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-at-pediatric-clinics
#11
Dong Soon Kim, Cho Long Lee, Young Min Ahn
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of childhood sleep problems at pediatric clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. METHODS: Children (n=936) and their parents who visited 5 primary and 1 secondary pediatric outpatient clinics were invited to complete a Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients, 901 (96.3%) answered questionnaires in sufficient detail for evaluation. The participant's mean age was 4.35±3.02 years (range, 0-18 years)...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484896/psoriasis-is-associated-with-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-independently-from-metabolic-parameters-and-other-comorbidities-a-large-hospital-based-case-control-study
#12
Evangelia Papadavid, Maria Dalamaga, Katerina Vlami, Dimitra Koumaki, Sotirios Gyftopoulos, Gerasimos Socrates Christodoulatos, Spyridon Papiris, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) represents a breathing disorder during sleep with significant health consequences. Few studies have examined the prevalence of OSA in psoriatic patients and whether OSA may be associated with psoriasis risk. We aimed to explore: (1) the inverse relationship, that is whether psoriasis might represent an independent predictor of OSA and its severity considering important predisposing factors and (2) the psoriatic phenotype related to severe OSA. METHODS: In a large hospital-based case-control study, we examined a total of 253 patients with OSA and a control group of 104 subjects without OSA, who underwent full nocturnal polysomnography and dermatologic examination...
May 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402089/perioperative-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#13
Ruggero Corso, Vincenzo Russotto, Cesare Gregoretti, Davide Cattano
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the leading sleep disordered breathing condition, with a prevalence rate of moderate to severe OSA of approximately 10 - 17% in the general population. Its prevalence in the surgical population seems to be higher. However, a proportion of up to 60% of patients may not have a formal diagnosis at the moment of preoperative visit. OSA is associated with a number of comorbidities and increased perioperative risks. However, most interventions for the perioperative management of OSA patients lack high quality evidence...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364431/validation-of-the-sonomat-against-psg-and-quantitative-measurement-of-partial-upper-airway-obstruction-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#14
Mark B Norman, Sonia M Pithers, Arthur Y Teng, Karen A Waters, Colin E Sullivan
Study Objectives: To validate the Sonomat against polysomnography (PSG) metrics in children and to objectively measure snoring and stertor to produce a quantitative indicator of partial upper airway obstruction that accurately reflects the pathology of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods: Simultaneous PSG and Sonomat recordings were performed in 76 children (46 male, age 5.8 ± 2.8, BMI = 18.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2). Sleep time, individual respiratory events and the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) were compared...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238333/obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-respiratory-insufficiency
#15
Ana Hernández Voth, Javier Sayas Catalán, Pedro Benavides Mañas, Alicia de Pablo Gafas, Trinidad Díaz Cambriles, Victoria Villena Garrido
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Although sleep disordered breathing is common in patients with a severe chronic respiratory insufficiency (SCRI), there is few information on its prevalence. Our aim was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of the obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and observational study carried out on patients with a SCRI included in a waiting list for a lung transplantation and who had undergone a standard polysomnography...
February 18, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215238/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Engin Koyuncu, Mustafa H Türkkani, Fatma G Sarikaya, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), and determine whether a relationship between SDB and age, gender, weight status, type of CP, motor function level, and spasticity can be established. METHODS: The study included 94 children with CP and 94 healthy children with normal development, between the ages two and 18. SDB was assessed using the Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD) scale of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144275/serum-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-impairs-human-coronary-endothelial-cell-migration
#17
Michał Hoffmann, Jacek Wolf, Anna Szyndler, Prachi Singh, Virend K Somers, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial cell migration and proliferation play an important role in the growth and development of new blood vessels and endothelium healing. This process occurs in response to injury, inflammation and immune reactions. Dysfunction of the endothelium may play a significant role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease related to sleep-disordered breathing. The aim of our study was to evaluate the chemo-attractant activity of serum from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and normal subjects on coronary artery endothelial cell migration...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#18
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012067/the-gender-difference-of-snore-distribution-and-increased-tendency-to-snore-in-women-with-menopausal-syndrome-a-general-population-study
#20
Li-Pang Chuang, Shih-Wei Lin, Li-Ang Lee, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chih-Hao Chang, Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ning-Hung Chen
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent disorder with a major impact in women, especially postmenopausal women. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of a specific SDB, snoring, among women especially those with menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted in Taiwan. Adults over 20 years of age were interviewed. The number of successful interviews was calculated based on the population prior to the study...
May 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
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