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Sleep disordered breathing and gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749243/epidemiology-and-trend-of-pediatric-adenoidectomy-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan-from-1997-to-2012
#1
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Kun-Tai Kang
OBJECTIVES: To assess population-level data for pediatric adenoidectomy. METHODS: Using data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for the 1997-2012 period, all inpatients <18 years who received adenoidectomies were identified by codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision. RESULTS: A total of 20,599 children underwent adenoidectomy (mean age, 7.4 years; 67% boys). The overall incidence rate was 24...
July 27, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681708/influence-of-autonomic-nervous-system-dysfunction-in-the-genesis-of-sleep-disorders-in-fibromyalgia-patients
#2
Maurizio Rizzi, Dejan Radovanovic, Pierachille Santus, Andrea Airoldi, Francesca Frassanito, Silvia Vanni, Andrea Cristiano, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is characterised by chronic musculoskeletal pain, autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction, and disturbed sleep. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ANS dysfunction on the genesis of sleep disorders. METHODS: Fifty female FM patients and 45 healthy subjects matched for age, gender and body mass index underwent a clinical, polysomnographic and autonomic profile evaluation at rest and during a tilt test in order to determine muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), plasma catecholamine levels, and the spectral indices of cardiac sympathetic (LFRR) and vagal (HFRR) modulation computed by means of the spectrum analysis of RR during sleep...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673760/the-influence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder
#3
Paulo Bugalho, Marcelo Mendonça, Raquel Barbosa, Manuel Salavisa
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Because both REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can present with similar symptoms, it is important to understand the influence of OSA in the clinical manifestations of RBD and whether RBD modulates OSA severity. Our objectives were to compare: 1. the intensity of non-motor symptoms between RBD patients with (RBD-OSA) and without OSA (RBD-non-OSA), and 2. polysomnographic features between RBD-OSA and OSA without RBD (OSA-non-RBD) patients...
June 1, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619177/women-with-symptoms-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-are-less-likely-to-be-diagnosed-and-treated-for-sleep-apnea-than-men
#4
Eva Lindberg, Bryndis Benediktsdottir, Karl A Franklin, Mathias Holm, Ane Johannessen, Rain Jögi, Thorarinn Gislason, Francisco Gomez Real, Vivi Schlünssen, Christer Janson
BACKGROUND: Women are often underrepresented at sleep clinics evaluating sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The aim of the present study was to analyze gender differences in sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment in men and women with similar symptoms of SDB. METHODS: Respiratory Health in Northern Europe (RHINE) provided information about snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), BMI and somatic diseases at baseline (1999-2001) and follow-up (2010-2012) from 4962 men and 5892 women...
July 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592979/sleep-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-at-pediatric-clinics
#5
Dong Soon Kim, Cho Long Lee, Young Min Ahn
PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency of childhood sleep problems at pediatric clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. METHODS: Children (n=936) and their parents who visited 5 primary and 1 secondary pediatric outpatient clinics were invited to complete a Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. RESULTS: Among patients, 901 (96.3%) answered questionnaires in sufficient detail for evaluation. The participant's mean age was 4.35±3.02 years (range, 0-18 years)...
May 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484896/psoriasis-is-associated-with-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-independently-from-metabolic-parameters-and-other-comorbidities-a-large-hospital-based-case-control-study
#6
Evangelia Papadavid, Maria Dalamaga, Katerina Vlami, Dimitra Koumaki, Sotirios Gyftopoulos, Gerasimos Socrates Christodoulatos, Spyridon Papiris, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) represents a breathing disorder during sleep with significant health consequences. Few studies have examined the prevalence of OSA in psoriatic patients and whether OSA may be associated with psoriasis risk. We aimed to explore: (1) the inverse relationship, that is whether psoriasis might represent an independent predictor of OSA and its severity considering important predisposing factors and (2) the psoriatic phenotype related to severe OSA. METHODS: In a large hospital-based case-control study, we examined a total of 253 patients with OSA and a control group of 104 subjects without OSA, who underwent full nocturnal polysomnography and dermatologic examination...
May 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402089/perioperative-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-systematic-review
#7
Ruggero Corso, Vincenzo Russotto, Cesare Gregoretti, Davide Cattano
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the leading sleep disordered breathing condition, with a prevalence rate of moderate to severe OSA of approximately 10 - 17% in the general population. Its prevalence in the surgical population seems to be higher. However, a proportion of up to 60% of patients may not have a formal diagnosis at the moment of preoperative visit. OSA is associated with a number of comorbidities and increased perioperative risks. However, most interventions for the perioperative management of OSA patients lack high quality evidence...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364431/validation-of-the-sonomat-against-psg-and-quantitative-measurement-of-partial-upper-airway-obstruction-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#8
Mark B Norman, Sonia M Pithers, Arthur Y Teng, Karen A Waters, Colin E Sullivan
Study Objectives: To validate the Sonomat against polysomnography (PSG) metrics in children and to objectively measure snoring and stertor to produce a quantitative indicator of partial upper airway obstruction that accurately reflects the pathology of pediatric sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Methods: Simultaneous PSG and Sonomat recordings were performed in 76 children (46 male, age 5.8 ± 2.8, BMI = 18.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2). Sleep time, individual respiratory events and the apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) were compared...
March 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238333/obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-patients-with-severe-chronic-respiratory-insufficiency
#9
Ana Hernández Voth, Javier Sayas Catalán, Pedro Benavides Mañas, Alicia de Pablo Gafas, Trinidad Díaz Cambriles, Victoria Villena Garrido
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Although sleep disordered breathing is common in patients with a severe chronic respiratory insufficiency (SCRI), there is few information on its prevalence. Our aim was to describe the prevalence and characteristics of the obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and observational study carried out on patients with a SCRI included in a waiting list for a lung transplantation and who had undergone a standard polysomnography...
February 18, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215238/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Engin Koyuncu, Mustafa H Türkkani, Fatma G Sarikaya, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency of Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) in children with Cerebral Palsy (CP), and determine whether a relationship between SDB and age, gender, weight status, type of CP, motor function level, and spasticity can be established. METHODS: The study included 94 children with CP and 94 healthy children with normal development, between the ages two and 18. SDB was assessed using the Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD) scale of the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144275/serum-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-impairs-human-coronary-endothelial-cell-migration
#11
Michał Hoffmann, Jacek Wolf, Anna Szyndler, Prachi Singh, Virend K Somers, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial cell migration and proliferation play an important role in the growth and development of new blood vessels and endothelium healing. This process occurs in response to injury, inflammation and immune reactions. Dysfunction of the endothelium may play a significant role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease related to sleep-disordered breathing. The aim of our study was to evaluate the chemo-attractant activity of serum from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and normal subjects on coronary artery endothelial cell migration...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#12
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012067/the-gender-difference-of-snore-distribution-and-increased-tendency-to-snore-in-women-with-menopausal-syndrome-a-general-population-study
#14
Li-Pang Chuang, Shih-Wei Lin, Li-Ang Lee, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chih-Hao Chang, Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ning-Hung Chen
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent disorder with a major impact in women, especially postmenopausal women. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of a specific SDB, snoring, among women especially those with menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted in Taiwan. Adults over 20 years of age were interviewed. The number of successful interviews was calculated based on the population prior to the study...
May 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993286/pulse-transit-time-changes-in-subjects-exhibiting-sleep-disordered-breathing
#15
Biswajit Chakrabarti, Stephen Emegbo, Sonya Craig, Nick Duffy, John O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION: Pulse Transit Time (PTT) represents a non-invasive marker of sleep fragmentation in OSAS. Little is known regarding PTT in sleepy subjects exhibiting nocturnal Inspiratory Flow Limitation (IFL) in the absence of apneas or desaturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IFL cohort was gender and age matched to subjects with OSAS and a cohort where Sleep Disordered Breathing (SBD)/IFL was absent ("Non Flow Limited" or NFL cohort); PTT Arousal index (PTT Ar) defined by number of PTT arousals per hour...
January 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789562/blunted-cyclic-variation-of-heart-rate-predicts-mortality-risk-in-post-myocardial-infarction-end-stage-renal-disease-and-chronic-heart-failure-patients
#16
Junichiro Hayano, Fumihiko Yasuma, Eiichi Watanabe, Robert M Carney, Phyllis K Stein, James A Blumenthal, Petros Arsenos, Konstantinos A Gatzoulis, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hideki Ishii, Ken Kiyono, Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Yutaka Yoshida, Emi Yuda, Itsuo Kodama
AIMS: Cyclic variation of heart rate (CVHR) associated with sleep-disordered breathing is thought to reflect cardiac autonomic responses to apnoeic/hypoxic stress. We examined whether blunted CVHR observed in ambulatory ECG could predict the mortality risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVHR in night-time Holter ECG was detected by an automated algorithm, and the prognostic relationships of the frequency (FCV) and amplitude (ACV) of CVHR were examined in 717 patients after myocardial infarction (post-MI 1, 6% mortality, median follow-up 25 months)...
October 26, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770204/overnight-changes-in-lung-function-of-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#17
Laszlo Kunos, Zsofia Lazar, Fruzsina Martinovszky, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Daniel Kovacs, Bianka Forgo, Peter Horvath, Gyorgy Losonczy, Andras Bikov
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder, characterised by collapse of the upper airways during sleep. The impact of sleep-disordered breathing on pulmonary function indices is however currently not well described. The aim of the study was to evaluate diurnal change in lung function indices in a cohort of patients with OSA and relate pulmonary function changes to disease severity. METHODS: 42 patients with OSA and 73 healthy control subjects participated in the study...
October 21, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740900/asthma-and-subjective-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-a-large-cohort-of-urban-adolescents
#18
Stephanie O Zandieh, Amarilis Cespedes, Adam Ciarleglio, Wallace Bourgeois, David M Rapoport, Jean-Marie Bruzzese
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has not been well studied in urban adolescents with asthma in community settings. Nor has the association of SDB symptoms and asthma severity been studied. We characterized self-reported symptoms suggesting SDB and investigated the association of SDB symptoms, probable asthma, and asthma severity. METHODS: 9,565 adolescents from 21 inner-city high schools were screened for an asthma intervention study. Students reported on symptoms suggesting SDB using questions from the 2007 NHANES, if they were ever diagnosed with asthma, and on asthma symptoms...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646537/respiratory-symptoms-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-biomarkers-in-nocturnal-gastroesophageal-reflux
#19
Össur Ingi Emilsson, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, Ísleifur Ólafsson, Elizabeth Cook, Sigurður Júlíusson, Einar Stefán Björnsson, Sunna Guðlaugsdóttir, Anna Soffía Guðmundsdóttir, Ekaterina Mirgorodskaya, Evert Ljungström, Erna Sif Arnardóttir, Þórarinn Gíslason, Christer Janson, Anna-Carin Olin
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (nGER) is associated with respiratory symptoms and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), but the pathogenesis is unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between nGER and respiratory symptoms, exacerbations of respiratory symptoms, SDB and airway inflammation. METHODS: Participants in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey III in Iceland with nGER symptoms (n = 48) and age and gender matched controls (n = 42) were studied by questionnaires, exhaled breath condensate (EBC), particles in exhaled air (PEx) measurements, and a home polygraphic study...
2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630581/risk-factors-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-are-prevalent-in-people-with-psychosis-and-correlate-with-impaired-social-functioning-and-poor-physical-health
#20
Dennis Liu, Hannah Myles, Debra L Foley, Gerald F Watts, Vera A Morgan, David Castle, Anna Waterreus, Andrew Mackinnon, Cherrie Ann Galletly
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the general community is associated with obesity, smoking, alcohol, and sedative medication use and contributes to depressed mood, daytime sedation, and sudden cardiovascular deaths. Poor cardiovascular health, impaired social functioning, and negative and cognitive symptoms are also among the common clinical features of psychotic disorders. People with psychosis have higher rates of sleep disturbance; however, OSA has not been extensively investigated in this population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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