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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473326/impact-of-intra-operative-cell-salvage-on-blood-coagulation-in-high-bleeding-risk-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-prospective-randomized-and-controlled-trial
#1
Sheliang Shen, Jun Zhang, Wenyuan Wang, Jiayin Zheng, Yihong Xie
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative cell salvage (CS) was reported to have no impairment on blood coagulation in low-bleeding-risk cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), but studies in high-bleeding-risk cardiac surgery are limited. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of CS on blood coagulation in high-bleeding-risk cardiac surgery with CPB. METHODS: One hundred and ten patients were randomly assigned to either with intra-operative CS group (Group CS) or without intra-operative CS group (Group C)...
July 29, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26873177/perioperative-management-of-diabetes-in-elective-patients-a-region-wide-audit
#2
M J Jackson, C Patvardhan, F Wallace, A Martin, H Yusuff, G Briggs, R A Malik
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of elective surgical patients have diabetes. These patients demonstrate excess perioperative morbidity and mortality. National guidance on the management of adults with diabetes undergoing surgery was published in 2011. We present a region-wide audit of adherence to this guidance across the North Western Deanery. METHODS: Local teams prospectively collected data according to a locally approved protocol. Pregnant, paediatric and non-elective patients were excluded from this audit...
April 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467340/pso-without-neuromonitoring-analysis-of-peri-op-complication-rate-after-lumbar-pedicle-subtraction-osteotomy-in-adults
#3
Per D Trobisch, Steven W Hwang, Steffen Drange
PURPOSE: A decompensated sagittal imbalance has been associated with worsening health-related quality of life outcomes and increasing pain. Significant improvement in sagittal balance can be achieved using a pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO); however, this procedure has a high complication profile. A lumbar PSO has the advantages of direct visualization of all neural structures and safer retraction of the thecal sac. Sacrificing neuromonitoring may reduce anaesthesia time and lead to improved cost effectiveness of the surgery...
August 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352741/prevalence-of-poor-bone-quality-in-women-undergoing-spinal-fusion-using-biomechanical-ct-analysis
#4
Shane Burch, Michael Feldstein, Paul F Hoffmann, Tony M Keaveny
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of vertebral bone quality in spine-fusion patients at a single medical center. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the prevalence of osteoporosis and fragile bone strength in a spine-fusion population of women with an age range of 50 years to 70 years. Fragile bone strength is defined as the level of vertebral strength below which a patient is at as high a risk of future vertebral fracture as a patient having bone density-defined osteoporosis...
February 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26327885/chosen-risk-factors-for-osteoporosis-and-the-level-of-knowledge-about-the-disease-in-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#5
Mariola Janiszewska, Teresa Kulik, Małgorzata A Dziedzic, Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis as a chronic disease, affecting especially women in postmenopausal age, is an important, social and economic health problem especially of women of today's world. The aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge of women in the peri- and postmenopausal period about the prevention of osteoporosis and show the influence of chosen risk factors on the level of this knowledge. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 300 women aged 45-65, being patients of healthcare centres in Chełm, Lublin and Zamość (Lublin voivodeship, south-eastern Poland) were included in the study...
March 2015: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26276102/adolescent-pregnancy-a-determinant-of-bone-mineral-density-in-peri-menopausal-women
#6
Tuncay Yüce, Erkan Kalafat, Acar Koc
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to determine the effects of a history of adolescent pregnancy (AP) on the bone mineral density (BMD) of perimenopausal women. METHODS: Overall, 240 women aged between 40 and 55 years, with a complaint of oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea not exceeding 1 year in duration, were evaluated. Evaluation included a DEXA scan and a detailed demographic survey for bone health. Comparison was made between women with a history of AP and those without...
October 2015: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266560/an-observational-evaluation-of-a-new-foam-adhesive-dressing
#7
Elizabeth Merlin-Manton, Michelle Greenwood, Adele Linthwaite
Following the work of Winter demonstrating the benefits of moist wound healing, there has been a constant stream of wound care products launched into the market to support this concept. This article will describe the findings of an observational evaluation to observe, document and analyse the clinical effectiveness of a new foam adhesive dressing, UrgoTul® Absorb Border (Urgo Medical). The main objective of the evaluation was to define the parameters to allow data capture that would demonstrate the clinical effectiveness of the dressing...
August 13, 2015: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266220/survival-of-implants-in-immediate-extraction-sockets-of-anterior-teeth-early-clinical-results
#8
Mohammad Sabir, Mohammad Nazish Alam
BACKGROUND: The aims and objectives of this study were placement of implants in freshly extracted sockets of anterior teeth and to evaluate the implant stability, peri-implant radiolucency and gingival inflammation around implant over a short period of 30 months. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 patients (8 male and 4 female), ranging in the age from 20 to 50 years, from March 2007 to June 2007, were evaluated for immediate implant placement into 22 fresh extraction sockets...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26262699/-pre-operative-iron-deficiency-in-bariatric-surgery-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
Angela María Magali Sanchez, Natalia Pampillón, Mariela Abaurre, Pablo Esteban Omelanczuk
INTRODUCTION: chronic inflammation induced by obesity alters iron homeostasis leading to mild /moderate iron deficiency and anaemia. Between 14% and 43% of patients may suffer from iron deficiency without anaemia before surgery. The management of peri-operative iron deficiency improves patient outcome and quality of life. Under certain circumstances intravenous (IV) iron must be considered. IV iron (which may avoid iron blockage in enterocytes and macrophages) has turned out to be a safe and efficient alternative...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26162960/adulthood-dietary-exposure-to-a-common-pesticide-leads-to-an-obese-like-phenotype-and-a-diabetic-profile-in-apoe3-mice
#10
Fiona Peris-Sampedro, Maria Cabré, Pia Basaure, Ingrid Reverte, José L Domingo, Maria Teresa Colomina
Increasing evidence links the widespread exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides to the global epidemics of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Our recent data highlighted gene×environment interactions: mice expressing the human apolipoprotein E3 (apoE3) isoform were more prone to develop obesity than those expressing apoE2 or apoE4 upon dietary challenge with chlorpyrifos (CPF), the most used OP worldwide. Thus, we aimed to further explore the contribution of the APOE3 genotype on the emergence of obesity and related metabolic dysfunctions upon subchronic exposure to CPF...
October 2015: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26108649/physical-activity-bone-health-and-obesity-in-peri-pre-and-postmenopausal-women-results-from-the-epic-potsdam-study
#11
Juliane Menzel, Romina di Giuseppe, Angelika Wientzek, Anja Kroke, Heiner Boeing, Cornelia Weikert
Physical activity (PA) is suggested to increase the peak bone mass and to minimize age-related bone loss, and thereby to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. However, the relation between PA and bone health considering the obesity status is unclear so far. The present study examines the association between PA levels and calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), particularly under consideration of obesity. Data from a population-based sample of 6776 German women from the EPIC-Potsdam cohort were analyzed...
October 2015: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093848/low-extracellular-sodium-promotes-adipogenic-commitment-of-human-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-a-novel-mechanism-for-chronic-hyponatremia-induced-bone-loss
#12
B Fibbi, S Benvenuti, C Giuliani, C Deledda, P Luciani, M Monici, B Mazzanti, C Ballerini, A Peri
Hyponatremia represents an independent risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures, affecting both bone density and quality. A direct stimulation of bone resorption in the presence of reduced extracellular sodium concentrations ([Na(+)]) has been shown, but the effects of low [Na(+)] on osteoblasts have not been elucidated. We investigated the effects of a chronic reduction of extracellular [Na(+)], independently of osmotic stress, on human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSC) from bone marrow, the common progenitor for osteoblasts and adipocytes...
April 2016: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939310/risk-factors-for-the-development-of-osteoporosis-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#13
L Gifre, J Vidal, J L Carrasco, A Muxi, E Portell, A Monegal, N Guañabens, P Peris
UNLABELLED: Spinal cord injury (SCI) has been associated with a marked bone loss after injury and a consequent increased risk of osteoporosis. The evaluation of bone mineral density shortly after SCI is a simple and effective method for predicting the development of osteoporosis during the first year after SCI. INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury (SCI) has been associated with a marked bone loss after injury and a consequent increased risk of osteoporosis and fractures...
September 2015: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25831642/radical-surgical-management-of-periampullary-duodenal-adenocarcinoma-a-single-institution-experience
#14
Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Muhammad Aasim Yosuf, Aamir Ali Syed
OBJECTIVE: To share a single-centre experience with radical resection of adenocarcinoma of the second part of duodenum. METHODS: The retrospective review was conducted at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, Lahore, and comprised data of patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenal resection for duodenal adenocarcinoma from January 1999 to December 2012. Patient characteristics and histopathological variables were assessed. Post-op complications, median disease-free span and overall survival were assessed...
November 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25813087/raloxifene-enhances-peri-implant-bone-healing-in-osteoporotic-rats
#15
G Ramalho-Ferreira, L P Faverani, F B Prado, I R Garcia, R Okamoto
The aim of this study was to evaluate bone healing at the bone-implant interface in rats with induced osteoporosis. The rats underwent a bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) and were fed a low calcium and phosphate diet. The OVX rats were divided into three groups: one was treated with raloxifene (OVX-RAL), one with alendronate (OVX-ALE), and one received no medication (OVX-NT). The control group rats (SHAM-DN) underwent sham surgery and were fed a normal diet. Each animal received one implant in each tibia: a machined surface implant in the right tibia and an implant with surface etching in the left tibia...
June 2015: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25793172/impact-of-osteoporosis-in-dental-implants-a-systematic-review
#16
Gabriela Giro, Leandro Chambrone, Abrao Goldstein, Jose Augusto Rodrigues, Elton Zenóbio, Magda Feres, Luciene Cristina Figueiredo, Alessandra Cassoni, Jamil Awad Shibli
AIM: To assess the failure and bone-to-implant contact rate of dental implants placed on osteoporotic subjects. METHODS: Extensive examination strategies were created to classify studies for this systematic review. MEDLINE (via PubMed) and EMBASE database were examined for studies in English up to and including May 2014. The examination presented a combination of the MeSH words described as follow: "osteoporosis" or "osteopenia" or "estrogen deficiency" AND "implant" or "dental implant" or "osseointegration"...
March 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25765915/heparin-resistance-and-coagulation-activation-rebound-effect-after-anticoagulant-withdrawal-beneficiary-effect-of-adjuvant-antiplatelet-therapy
#17
Michalis N Gionis, Christos V Ioannou, Nikolaos Kontopodis, Konstantinos Balalis, Ismail Elalamy, Grigoris T Gerotziafas
BACKGROUND: Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate biological resistance to enoxaparin and rebound effect after prophylaxis withdrawal, using thrombin generation (TG) assay. METHODS: Fifteen-patients undergoing femoro-popliteal bypass grafting (enoxaparin 4000 antiXaIU+75 mg clopidogrel), and 15-patients undergoing total-hip-replacement (THR) (enoxaparin alone). TG-assay parameters (lag-time, endogenous-thrombin-potential, peak-, time-to-peak, and Mean-Rate-Index) were assessed to investigate heparin resistance and rebound effect after prophylaxis interruption...
April 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25689871/calcium-and-bone-health-goodbye-calcium-supplements
#18
A Ströhle, P Hadji, A Hahn
This review assesses (1) the potential role of calcium supplements in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures, and (2) the safety of calcium supplements with respect to cardiovascular health as well. With regard to (1), a total calcium intake of < 800 mg/day is associated with increased loss of bone mineral density in peri- and postmenopausal women with an increase in fracture risk. Hereby, the effect of calcium supplements on fracture prevention is dependent primary on baseline calcium intake...
October 2015: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25609440/sclerostin-antibody-treatment-improves-implant-fixation-in-a-model-of-severe-osteoporosis
#19
Amarjit S Virdi, John Irish, Kotaro Sena, Min Liu, Hua Zhu Ke, Margaret A McNulty, Dale R Sumner
BACKGROUND: The mechanical fixation of orthopaedic and dental implants is compromised by diminished bone volume, such as with osteoporosis. Systemic administration of sclerostin antibody (Scl-Ab) has been shown to enhance implant fixation in normal animals. In the present study, we tested whether Scl-Ab can improve implant fixation in established osteoporosis in a rat model. METHODS: We used an ovariectomized (ovx) rat model, in which we found a 78% decrease in trabecular bone volume at the time of implant surgery; sham-ovx, age-matched rats were used as controls...
January 21, 2015: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25572652/potential-for-acceleration-of-bone-formation-after-implant-surgery-by-using-a-dietary-supplement-an-animal-study
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
T Watanabe, H Nakada, T Takahashi, K Fujita, Y Tanimoto, T Sakae, S Kimoto, Y Kawai
Dental implant treatment is an effective modality to restore lost aesthetic and masticatory functions. However, healing after implant surgery takes at least 3-6 months. This prolonged healing period poses several difficulties for individuals with a large edentulous area and decreases their quality of life. Consequently, shortening the healing period and accelerating final prosthesis placement after surgery is very clinically important. Peri-implant bone formation may be enhanced by systemic approaches, such as the use of osteoporosis supplements, to promote bone metabolism...
June 2015: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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