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Sleep disordered breathing and women

Anna G Mirer, Terry Young, Mari Palta, Ruth M Benca, Amanda Rasmuson, Paul E Peppard
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is widely believed to be an established cause of sleep disorders, but evidence for this theory is inconclusive. Attributing any sleep problem to normal processes of menopause may lead to underdiagnosis of treatable sleep disorders in midlife women. This study uses detailed longitudinal data on sleep and menopausal health from participants in the Sleep in Midlife Women Study to investigate whether risk and severity of sleep-disordered breathing increase with progression through menopause, accounting for changes in age and body habitus...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Wojciech Kuczyński, Agata Gabryelska, Łukasz Mokros, Piotr Białasiewicz
The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ranges from 4 to 7% in men and from 2 to 5% in women. Its deleterious consequences such as traffic accidents, cardiovascular complications increasing morbidity and mortality, make it a major health problem. Apart from obesity (a major risk factor for OSAHS), hypothyroid patients are prone to reveal this phenotype. Although hypothyroidism seems an acknowledged risk factor for OSAHS, some authors report the lack of clinically relevant association...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
Ali M Hashmi, Shashi K Bhatia, Subhash K Bhatia, Imran S Khawaja
UNLABELLED: Sleep disturbances are common in pregnancy. Insomnia is a frequent sleep disturbance experienced by pregnant women which can be primary or due to co-morbid conditions. The differential diagnosis of insomnia in pregnancy includes anxiety disorders, mood disorders, breathing related sleep disorders and restless legs syndrome. Early interventions to treat the sleep disturbance are recommended to avoid adverse pregnancy outcomes. Management strategies include improving sleep hygiene, behavioral therapies, and pharmacotherapy...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Ulla Anttalainen, Mirja Tenhunen, Ville Rimpilä, Olli Polo, Esa Rauhala, Sari-Leena Himanen, Tarja Saaresranta
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a well-recognized disorder conventionally diagnosed with an elevated apnea-hypopnea index. Prolonged partial upper airway obstruction is a common phenotype of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), which however is still largely underreported. The major reasons for this are that cyclic breathing pattern coupled with arousals and arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation are easy to detect and considered more important than prolonged episodes of increased respiratory effort with increased levels of carbon dioxide in the absence of cycling breathing pattern and repetitive arousals...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
K V S Hari Kumar
Sleep is one of the essential biorhythms of the body that helps in optimum restoration of many body functions. The sleep-wake cycle is determined by the circadian centre and is responsible for the anabolic functions in the body. Infants require about 14 to 18 hours of sleep per day, which reduces gradually to about 8 hours in adults. Urbanization and evolutionary changes have altered the sleep hygiene and shortened the sleep duration. This lead to various sleep disorders like sleep disordered breathing, insomnia and narcolepsy...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Shanna V Diaz, Lee K Brown
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent research investigating the interaction between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and anxiety, and contextualize their bidirectional relationship. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent investigations corroborate the bidirectional relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and anxiety, evaluate the etiological and clinical manifestations through different mechanisms, and provide insight into clinical implications of this interaction...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
K V S Hari Kumar
Sleep is one of the essential biorhythms of the body that helps in optimum restoration of many body functions. The sleep-wake cycle is determined by the circadian centre and is responsible for the anabolic functions in the body. Infants require about 14 to 18 hours of sleep per day, which reduces gradually to about 8 hours in adults. Urbanization and evolutionary changes have altered the sleep hygiene and shortened the sleep duration. This lead to various sleep disorders like sleep disordered breathing, insomnia and narcolepsy...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Henrik Fox, Hans-Christian Purucker, Isabelle Holzhacker, Ulrich Tebtmann, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Andrea Graml, Holger Woehrle, Olaf Oldenburg
PURPOSE: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and identification of risk factors for CAD is crucial. One such potential risk factor is sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). This prospective cohort study investigated the prevalence of SDB and determined risk factors for the presence of SDB in a large CAD cohort undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 1425 patients with confirmed CAD starting rehabilitation were screened for SDB using cardiorespiratory polygraphy (n = 921) or polygraphy plus pulse oximetry (n = 484)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Dae Lim Koo, Hyunwoo Nam
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is more severe during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep than during non-REM sleep. We aimed to determine the features of patients with OSA who experience little REM sleep. METHODS: Patients with a chief complaint of sleep-disordered breathing were enrolled. All subjects underwent overnight polysomnography (PSG) and completed questionnaires on sleep quality. Patients were divided into the following three groups according to the proportion of REM sleep detected in overnight PSG: little REM sleep [REM sleep <20% of total sleep time (TST)], normal REM sleep (20-25% of TST), and excessive REM sleep (>25% of TST)...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Joanna Michalska, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to describe the polysomnographic evaluation of sleep apnea in patients suffering from unilateral or bilateral impaired nasal passage patency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study covered 60 adult, including 23 women and 37 men aged 19-69, admitted to the Hospital Department. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: I - 20 patients with unilateral impaired nasal patency, II - 20 patients with bilateral impaired nasal patency, III - 20 controls with correct nasal passage patency...
February 29, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
S A Likhachev, Yu N Rushkevich, I S Abel'skaya, N M Chechik, O V Merkul'
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of nocturnal sleep and reveal breathing disorders during sleep in ALS patients using polysomnography. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 29 patients with the established diagnosis of ALS, 17 women and 12 men, median age 65 [59; 68] years; mean illness duration 12 [22.9; 27.1] months. The control group consisted of 46 volunteers without complaints of sleep disorder and sleep apnea. The sleep diagnostic system Somnolab 2 Weinmann, Germany was used...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Mary Ashley Cain, Judette M Louis
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) occurs in 0.6% to 15% of reproductive-aged women. Because of an overlap in symptoms of SDB and normal pregnancy findings, the diagnosis of SDB in pregnancy is challenging. The repetitive arousals, sleep fragmentation, and hypoxias experienced by patients with SDB lead to an increase in oxidative stress and inflammation. In the nonpregnant population SDB is associated with an increased risk of diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and stroke. Increasing evidence identifies an association between SDB in pregnancy and gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and fetal growth abnormalities...
June 2016: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
Hassan A Chami, Ramachandran S Vasan, Martin G Larson, Emelia J Benjamin, Gary F Mitchell, Daniel J Gottlieb
OBJECTIVE: Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Increased aortic stiffness is one possible linking mechanism. We evaluated the association between sleep-disordered breathing and aortic stiffness in a community-based sample. METHODS: Our community-based cross-sectional observational study included 381 participants from the Framingham Heart Study (55% women, mean age 58.0 S.D. = 9.4 years, 51% ethnic minorities)...
March 2016: Sleep Medicine
Hiromitsu Sekizuka, Naohiko Osada, Yoshihiro J Akashi
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment in patients with OSA and hypertension reduces blood pressure (BP). Oral appliance (OA) therapy is nowadays prescribed for patients with mild to moderate OSA. This study aimed to clarify the effect of OA therapy on BP reduction in Japanese patients with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: Polysomnography was employed to detect sleep-disordered breathing. Totally, 237 patients without cardiac and/or cerebrovascular diseases and those with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 5/h-< 30/h were enrolled...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Maria Sarberg, Marie Bladh, Ann Josefsson, Eva Svanborg
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine if there is a difference in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleepiness between pregnant and non-pregnant women. It also aimed to evaluate if obstetric outcomes were associated to sleep-disordered breathing among the pregnant women. METHODS: One hundred pregnant women (gestational weeks 24-34) and 80 age- and body mass index-matched non-pregnant women underwent whole-night respiratory recordings (airflow, snoring, respiratory movements, body position, pulse oximetry)...
April 16, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Bilgay Izci Balserak
KEY POINTS: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is common and the severity increases as pregnancy progresses.Frequent snoring, older age and high pre-pregnancy body mass index (>25 kg⋅m(-2)) could be reliable indicators for SDB in early pregnancy.SDB screening tools, including questionnaires, used in the nonpregnant population have poor predictive ability in pregnancy.Accumulating evidence suggests that SDB during pregnancy may be associated with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, including gestational diabetes and pre-eclampsia...
December 2015: Breathe
Sang-Ahm Lee, Joon-Hyun Paek, Su-Hyun Han
PURPOSE: The purposes of the present study are to determine the prevalence and demographic features of rapid eye movement (REM)-related sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in Korean adults with newly diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and determine if REM-related SDB is associated with depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in OSA patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated 1281 OSA adults who were consecutively recruited...
September 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
Haim Bassan, Shimrit Uliel-Sibony, Shlomit Katsav, Mira Farber, Riva Tauman
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that sleep disordered breathing (SDB) during pregnancy may adversely influence maternal as well as fetal well being. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of maternal SDB on neonatal neurological examination and perinatal complications. METHODS: Pregnant women of singleton uncomplicated pregnancies were prospectively recruited from a community and hospital low risk obstetric surveillance. All participants completed a sleep questionnaire in the second trimester and underwent ambulatory sleep evaluation (WatchPAT, Itamar Medical, Caesarea, Israel)...
January 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Francis Degache, Yannick Goy, Sopharat Vat, José Haba Rubio, Olivier Contal, Raphaël Heinzer
OBJECTIVE: Postural stability depends on the coordination of the central nervous system with visual sense, proprioceptive and vestibular information. Sleep deprivation has been shown to affect this function. The objective of our study was to assess the effects of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on postural stability. METHODS: 158 subjects referred for suspected SDB had an overnight sleep study and were placed on a posturographic platform in late afternoon. This platform allows measuring the centre of pressure (CoP) oscillations and to calculate: total displacement of CoP in X and Y axes, mean speed of CoP displacement and the length as function of surface (LFS) ratio (length of CoP displacement/surface of CoP trajectory)...
June 2016: Thorax
M He, P Curran, C Raker, S Martin, L Larson, G Bourjeily
INTRODUCTION: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with a wide spectrum of maternal, fetal and neonatal complications. This study compared placental pathology in women with obesity and normal weight gravidas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study. The sample was randomly selected from a total of 1000 deliveries of largely Caucasian population in a single institution, recruited for the study of sleep disordered breathing, where the placenta is submitted for pathological examination for clinical indications based on national guidelines...
April 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
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