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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822052/bariatric-surgery-worldwide-baseline-demographic-description-and-one-year-outcomes-from-the-second-ifso-global-registry-report-2013-2015
#1
Richard Welbourn, Dimitri J Pournaras, John Dixon, Kelvin Higa, Robin Kinsman, Johan Ottosson, Almino Ramos, Bart van Wagensveld, Peter Walton, Rudolf Weiner, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Five International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO) surveys since 1998 have estimated the volume and type of bariatric surgery being done in constituent member countries. These reports did not include baseline demographic descriptions. METHODS: An IFSO Global Registry pilot project in 2014 demonstrated that it was possible to amalgamate large numbers of individual patient data from different local and national database systems...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760190/independent-contributions-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-the-metabolicsyndrome-to-the-risk-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#2
Yu-Ji Lee, Hye Ryoun Jang, Wooseong Huh, Yoon-Goo Kim, Dae Joong Kim, Ha Young Oh, Eun Yeon Joo, Jung Eun Lee
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the associations and interactions among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), chronickidney disease (CKD), and metabolic syndrome (MS). METHODS: This study included 1,732 subjects (1,482 male and 250 female) in whom OSA was diagnosed by polysomnography. The severity of OSA wasdefined as mild, moderate, or severe with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score of 5-15, 15-30, and ≥ 30 events/h, respectively...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748678/prevalence-of-self-perceived-snoring-and-apnea-and-their-association-with-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-high-school-students
#3
Kwang Ik Yang, Jee Hyun Kim, Young Hwangbo, Dae Lim Koo, Daeyoung Kim, Kyoung Jin Hwang, Seung Bong Hong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been no nationwide population-based study of the prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean adolescents. The purpose of this study was to estimate prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean high-school students and to evaluate their association with daytime sleepiness. METHODS: An online survey was used to investigate 12,672 students at 75 high schools across the 15 nationwide districts of South Korea. The variables were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745298/gender-differences-in-severity-of-desaturation-events-following-hypopnea-and-obstructive-apnea-events-in-adults-during-sleep
#4
Antti Kulkas, Brett Duce, Timo Leppänen, Craig Hukins, Juha Töyräs
OBJECTIVE: Severity estimation of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is currently based on the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), which ignores individual breathing cessation event characteristics. Gender differences in the relationship between the breathing cessation event duration and the related desaturation event severity could mean that the severity of OSA is different in males and females despite a similar AHI. The aim of this work was to evaluate gender differences in the severity of peripheral oxygen desaturation events following obstructive apneas or hypopneas...
July 26, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744031/relationship-of-locomotive-syndrome-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#5
Hiroaki Kataoka, Nobuyuki Miyatake, Hirohisa Ichikawa, Yukako Arakawa, Yoshihiro Mori
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the prevalence of locomotive syndrome among patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) using the "loco-check" recently developed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association, and to compare health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among patients with and without locomotive syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] This cross-sectional study evaluated 1,195 outpatients with OSAS (1,030 males and 165 females). Locomotive syndrome was evaluated using the Japanese Orthopedic Association's "loco-check"...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739361/gender-affects-long-term-neurologic%C3%A2-outcome-of-neonates
#6
Amir Freud, Eyal Sheiner, Tamar Wainstock, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the possible association between fetal gender and long-term pediatric neurological morbidity. METHODS: We performed a population-based retrospective cohort analysis comparing the risk of long-term neurological morbidity (up to age 18 years) of children born during the years 1991 to 2013 according to their gender. Neurological morbidity evaluated included hospitalizations in childhood involving pervasive developmental disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and infantile spasms and disorders of eating as recorded in the hospital files...
April 24, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735924/obstructive-sleep-apnea-effect-of-comorbidities-and-positive-airway-pressure-on-all-cause-mortality
#7
Poul Jennum, Philip Tønnesen, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVE: Most studies have used cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease (CVD) end-points to measure the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), but pre-diagnostic morbidities involve a range of comorbidities that may influence the consequences of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We therefore aimed to evaluate all-cause total mortality after a diagnosis of OSA, the effect of CPAP in women and men, and the potential effect of major comorbidities. METHODS: We used national registry data as a historical cohort and included 22,135 OSA patients aged 20 years or more with comorbidity data three years before diagnosis and follow-up morbidity and mortality over a period of 17 years...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733467/acromegaly-at-diagnosis-in-3173-patients-from-the-li%C3%A3-ge-acromegaly-survey-las-database
#8
Patrick Petrossians, Adrian F Daly, Emil Natchev, Luigi Maione, Karin Blijdorp, Mouna Sahnoun Fathallah, Renata Auriemma, Alpha M Diallo, Anna-Lena Hulting, Diego Ferone, Vaclav Hana, Silvia Filipponi, Caroline Sievers, Claudia Nogueira, Carmen Fajardo Montañana, Davide M C Carvalho, Vaclav Hana, Günter K Stalla, Marie-Lise Jaffrain-Réa, Brigitte Delemer, Annamaria A L Colao, Thierry Brue, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Sabina Zacharieva, Philippe Chanson, Albert Beckers
Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female...
July 21, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728615/success-of-tonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#9
David G Ingram, Amanda G Ruiz, Dexiang Gao, Norman R Friedman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in children with Down syndrome (DS) and associated with significant morbidity. In the current study we examined polysomnographic outcomes of children with DS who underwent tonsillectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children with DS who underwent a tonsillectomy between 2009-2015 was performed. All children had either a concurrent adenoidectomy or had previously underwent an adenoidectomy. Children with preoperative and postoperative polysomnograms within 6 months of surgery were included in the analysis...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728614/upper-airway-stimulation-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-evaluation-and-comparison-of-outcomes-at-two-academic-centers
#10
Colin Huntley, Thomas Kaffenberger, Karl Doghramji, Ryan Soose, Maurits Boon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Data from patients at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) undergoing upper airway stimulation (UAS) were analyzed. We hypothesize that treatment with UAS will improve both subjective and objective outcome measures and results will be reproducible between institutions. METHODS: We reviewed patients undergoing UAS between May 2014 and August 2016. We recorded demographic data, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and preoperative and postoperative polysomnographic information...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712601/the-effects-of-uvulopalatal-flap-operation-on-speech-nasalance-and-the-acoustic-parameters-of-the-final-nasal-consonants
#11
Soo Kyoung Park, Yong Soo Lee, Young Ae Kang, Jun Xu, Ki Sang Rha, Yong Min Kim
OBJECTIVE: The acoustic characteristics of voice are determined by the source of the sound and shape of the vocal tract. Various anatomical changes after uvulopalatal flap (UPF) operation can change nasalance and/or other voice characteristics. Our aim was to explore the possible effects of UPF creation on speech nasalance and the resonatory features of the final nasal consonants, and thus voice characteristics. METHODS: A total of 30 patients (26 males, 4 females) with obstructive sleep apnea who underwent UPF operation were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709512/correlates-of-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-in-a-sample-of-urban-dwelling-elderly-nigerian-women
#12
Michael B Fawale, Isiaka Alani Ismaila, Adekunle F Mustapha, Morenikeji A Komolafe, Olanrewaju Ibigbami
OBJECTIVES: Aging, female sex, and urbanization increase the risk of sleep impairment. Sleep in urban-dwelling elderly African women has been sparsely studied. We studied the characteristics and correlates of sleep quality and habitual sleep duration in a primary care population of urban-living Nigerian women. METHODS: Sleep quality and sleep duration over the previous 1 month were estimated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Excessive daytime sleepiness, risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and depressive symptoms were also assessed...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695399/the-long-term-effects-of-mandibular-advancement-splint-on-cardiovascular-fitness-and-psychomotor-performance-in-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-prospective-study
#13
Ashutosh Gupta, Arvind Tripathi, Piyush Sharma
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) manifests as a reduction or complete cessation of airflow despite an ongoing inspiratory effort, leading to hypoxemia and hypercapnia. The inability to maintain normal breathing reduces the oxygen saturation in blood leading to a cycle of various systemic implications. Hence, a prospective single arm study was planned to evaluate the long-term (2 years) effect of oral appliance on cardiovascular fitness and psychomotor performance in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea...
July 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686746/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-objective-short-sleep-duration-are-independently-associated-with-the-risk-of-serum-vitamin-d-deficiency
#14
Ronaldo D Piovezan, Camila Hirotsu, Marcia C Feres, Fatima D Cintra, Monica L Andersen, Sergio Tufik, Dalva Poyares
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrate an association between vitamin D (25(OH)D) deficiency and sleep disturbances, such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and short sleep duration. However, to date, no studies have concurrently and objectively evaluated the effect of these factors on 25(OH)D. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether OSA and objective short sleep duration are independently associated with reduced 25(OH)D in an adult population sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included 657 individuals from the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, as part of the ERA project...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675645/adult-onset-nocturnal-enuresis-identifying-causes-cofactors-and-impact-on-quality-of-life
#15
Dominic Lee, Benjamin E Dillon, Gary E Lemack
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were: (i) Evaluate common co-pathologies associated with, and potentially contributing to adult onset Nocturnal enuresis (NE) in a tertiary referral population; and (ii) quantify its impact on QoL with validated questionnaires. METHODS: Following Institutional Review Board approval, patients with adult onset NE were reviewed with history, physical examination, urodynamic studies, questionnaires: Overactive bladder questionnaire short-form (OAB-qSF), Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6), AUA symptom score (AUA-SS) and Patient Global Impression scale (PGIS)...
July 3, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664540/maintenance-diets-following-rapid-weight-loss-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-pilot-1-year-clinical-trial
#16
Elizabeth A Cayanan, Nathaniel S Marshall, Camilla M Hoyos, Craig L Phillips, Yasmina Serinel, Keith K H Wong, Brendon J Yee, Ronald R Grunstein
Very low energy diets (VLED) appear to be the most efficacious dietary-based obesity reduction treatments in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA); however, effective weight loss maintenance strategies remain untested in this condition. Our study aimed to assess the feasibility, tolerability and efficacy of two common maintenance diets during a 10-month follow-up period after rapid weight loss using a 2-month VLED. In this two-arm, single-centre, open-label pilot trial, obese adult OSA patients received a 2-month VLED before being allocated to either the Australian Guide to Healthy Eating diet (AGHE) or a low glycaemic index high-protein diet (LGHP)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657995/one-and-the-same-nocturnal-enuresis-and-overactive-bladder-in-the-female-veteran-population-evaluation-of-a-large-national-database
#17
Cara Ninivaggio, Heather Riese, Gena C Dunivan, Peter C Jeppson, Yuko M Komesu, Allison Murata, Glen Murata, Rebecca G Rogers, Sara B Cichowski
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to describe relationships between women given a diagnosis of nocturnal enuresis (NE) and controls without any urinary complaints and to compare women with NE with those with overactive bladder (OAB). We hypothesized that NE has unique associations with demographics and medical and psychosocial diagnoses. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a database that included all female veterans who established care with a primary care provider from 1997 to 2015...
June 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635195/a-study-to-estimate-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-in-a-semi-urban-indian-population
#18
Abhijeet Singh, Rajendra Prasad, Rajiv Garg, Surya Kant, Giridhar B Hosmane, Abhisek Dubey, Abhisek Agarwal, Ram Kishun Verma
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) has been recognised as a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries like India. There is still a paucity of Indian studies regarding the prevalence of OSAS. The current single centre prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken to know prevalence estimates for key symptoms and features that can indicate the presence of OSAS in an Indian population. A survey was conducted on subjects with age groups ≥ 25 years at King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India from August 2009 to July 2011...
May 18, 2017: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633722/characterization-of-patients-who-present-with-insomnia-is-there-room-for-a-symptom-cluster-based-approach
#19
Megan R Crawford, Diana A Chirinos, Toni Iurcotta, Jack D Edinger, James K Wyatt, Rachel Manber, Jason C Ong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study examined empirically derived symptom cluster profiles among patients who present with insomnia using clinical data and polysomnography. METHODS: Latent profile analysis was used to identify symptom cluster profiles of 175 individuals (63% female) with insomnia disorder based on total scores on validated self-report instruments of daytime and nighttime symptoms (Insomnia Severity Index, Glasgow Sleep Effort Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pre-Sleep Arousal Scale), mean values from a 7-day sleep diary (sleep onset latency, wake after sleep onset, and sleep efficiency), and total sleep time derived from an in-laboratory PSG...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633495/estradiol-protects-against-cardiorespiratory-dysfunctions-and-oxidative-stress-in-intermittent-hypoxia
#20
Sofien Laouafa, Alexandra Ribon-Demars, François Marcouiller, Damien Roussel, Aida Bairam, Vincent Pialoux, Vincent Joseph
Study Objectives: We tested the hypothesis that estradiol (E2) protects against cardiorespiratory disorders and oxidative stress induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in adult female rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley female rats (230-250 g) were ovariectomized and implanted with osmotic pumps delivering vehicle or E2 (0.5 mg/kg/d). After 14 days of recovery, the rats were exposed to CIH (21%-10% O2: 8 h/d, 10 cycles per hour) or room air (RA). After 7 days of CIH or RA exposure, we measured arterial pressures (tail cuff), metabolic rate (indirect calorimetry), minute ventilation, the frequency of sighs and apneas at rest, and ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia (whole body plethysmography)...
August 1, 2017: Sleep
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