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sleep disordered breathing & gender

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144275/serum-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-impairs-human-coronary-endothelial-cell-migration
#1
Michał Hoffmann, Jacek Wolf, Anna Szyndler, Prachi Singh, Virend K Somers, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial cell migration and proliferation play an important role in the growth and development of new blood vessels and endothelium healing. This process occurs in response to injury, inflammation and immune reactions. Dysfunction of the endothelium may play a significant role in development and progression of cardiovascular disease related to sleep-disordered breathing. The aim of our study was to evaluate the chemo-attractant activity of serum from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and normal subjects on coronary artery endothelial cell migration...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#2
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087550/trends-and-changes-in-paediatric-tonsil-surgery-in-sweden-1987-2013-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Anna Borgström, Pia Nerfeldt, Danielle Friberg, Ola Sunnergren, Joacim Stalfors
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to longitudinally describe the history of tonsil surgery in Swedish children and adolescents regarding incidence, indications for surgery, surgical methods and the age and gender distributions. SETTING: A retrospective longitudinal population-based cohort study based on register data from the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR) and population data from Statistics Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: All Swedish children 1-<18 years registered in the NPR with a tonsil surgery procedure 1987-2013...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012067/the-gender-difference-of-snore-distribution-and-increased-tendency-to-snore-in-women-with-menopausal-syndrome-a-general-population-study
#4
Li-Pang Chuang, Shih-Wei Lin, Li-Ang Lee, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chih-Hao Chang, Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ning-Hung Chen
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent disorder with a major impact in women, especially postmenopausal women. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of a specific SDB, snoring, among women especially those with menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted in Taiwan. Adults over 20 years of age were interviewed. The number of successful interviews was calculated based on the population prior to the study...
December 23, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993286/pulse-transit-time-changes-in-subjects-exhibiting-sleep-disordered-breathing
#5
Biswajit Chakrabarti, Stephen Emegbo, Sonya Craig, Nick Duffy, John O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION: Pulse Transit Time (PTT) represents a non-invasive marker of sleep fragmentation in OSAS. Little is known regarding PTT in sleepy subjects exhibiting nocturnal Inspiratory Flow Limitation (IFL) in the absence of apneas or desaturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IFL cohort was gender and age matched to subjects with OSAS and a cohort where Sleep Disordered Breathing (SBD)/IFL was absent ("Non Flow Limited" or NFL cohort); PTT Arousal index (PTT Ar) defined by number of PTT arousals per hour...
January 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789562/blunted-cyclic-variation-of-heart-rate-predicts-mortality-risk-in-post-myocardial-infarction-end-stage-renal-disease-and-chronic-heart-failure-patients
#6
Junichiro Hayano, Fumihiko Yasuma, Eiichi Watanabe, Robert M Carney, Phyllis K Stein, James A Blumenthal, Petros Arsenos, Konstantinos A Gatzoulis, Hiroshi Takahashi, Hideki Ishii, Ken Kiyono, Yoshiharu Yamamoto, Yutaka Yoshida, Emi Yuda, Itsuo Kodama
AIMS: Cyclic variation of heart rate (CVHR) associated with sleep-disordered breathing is thought to reflect cardiac autonomic responses to apnoeic/hypoxic stress. We examined whether blunted CVHR observed in ambulatory ECG could predict the mortality risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVHR in night-time Holter ECG was detected by an automated algorithm, and the prognostic relationships of the frequency (FCV) and amplitude (ACV) of CVHR were examined in 717 patients after myocardial infarction (post-MI 1, 6% mortality, median follow-up 25 months)...
October 26, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770204/overnight-changes-in-lung-function-of-obese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#7
Laszlo Kunos, Zsofia Lazar, Fruzsina Martinovszky, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Daniel Kovacs, Bianka Forgo, Peter Horvath, Gyorgy Losonczy, Andras Bikov
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent disorder, characterised by collapse of the upper airways during sleep. The impact of sleep-disordered breathing on pulmonary function indices is however currently not well described. The aim of the study was to evaluate diurnal change in lung function indices in a cohort of patients with OSA and relate pulmonary function changes to disease severity. METHODS: 42 patients with OSA and 73 healthy control subjects participated in the study...
October 21, 2016: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740900/asthma-and-subjective-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-a-large-cohort-of-urban-adolescents
#8
Stephanie O Zandieh, Amarilis Cespedes, Adam Ciarleglio, Wallace Bourgeois, David M Rapoport, Jean-Marie Bruzzese
OBJECTIVE: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has not been well studied in urban adolescents with asthma in community settings. Nor has the association of SDB symptoms and asthma severity been studied. We characterized self-reported symptoms suggesting SDB and investigated the association of SDB symptoms, probable asthma, and asthma severity. METHODS: 9,565 adolescents from 21 inner-city high schools were screened for an asthma intervention study. Students reported on symptoms suggesting SDB using questions from the 2007 NHANES, if they were ever diagnosed with asthma, and on asthma symptoms...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646537/respiratory-symptoms-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-biomarkers-in-nocturnal-gastroesophageal-reflux
#9
Össur Ingi Emilsson, Bryndís Benediktsdóttir, Ísleifur Ólafsson, Elizabeth Cook, Sigurður Júlíusson, Einar Stefán Björnsson, Sunna Guðlaugsdóttir, Anna Soffía Guðmundsdóttir, Ekaterina Mirgorodskaya, Evert Ljungström, Erna Sif Arnardóttir, Þórarinn Gíslason, Christer Janson, Anna-Carin Olin
BACKGROUND: Nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (nGER) is associated with respiratory symptoms and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), but the pathogenesis is unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between nGER and respiratory symptoms, exacerbations of respiratory symptoms, SDB and airway inflammation. METHODS: Participants in the European Community Respiratory Health Survey III in Iceland with nGER symptoms (n = 48) and age and gender matched controls (n = 42) were studied by questionnaires, exhaled breath condensate (EBC), particles in exhaled air (PEx) measurements, and a home polygraphic study...
2016: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630581/risk-factors-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-are-prevalent-in-people-with-psychosis-and-correlate-with-impaired-social-functioning-and-poor-physical-health
#10
Dennis Liu, Hannah Myles, Debra L Foley, Gerald F Watts, Vera A Morgan, David Castle, Anna Waterreus, Andrew Mackinnon, Cherrie Ann Galletly
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the general community is associated with obesity, smoking, alcohol, and sedative medication use and contributes to depressed mood, daytime sedation, and sudden cardiovascular deaths. Poor cardiovascular health, impaired social functioning, and negative and cognitive symptoms are also among the common clinical features of psychotic disorders. People with psychosis have higher rates of sleep disturbance; however, OSA has not been extensively investigated in this population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554389/a-narrative-review-the-effects-of-opioids-on-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-chronic-pain-patients-and-methadone-maintained-patients
#11
Sameer Hassamal, Karen Miotto, Tisha Wang, Andrew J Saxon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioids increase the risk for sleep disordered breathing (SDB), but there are few studies examining the prevalence and risk factors for SDB, specifically central sleep apnea (CSA), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in chronic pain patients on opioids as well as methadone maintained patients (MMPs). METHODS: A literature review was conducted in which SDB was confirmed by polysomnography (PSG) in chronic pain patients on opioids as well as patients with a diagnosis of an opioid use disorder or opioid dependence on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT)...
September 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508727/-op-4d-08-disordered-sleep-breathing-sdb-is-the-major-determinant-of-non-dipping-and-nocturnal-hypertension-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#12
F Mallamaci, R Tripepi, M C Versace, F Provenzano, A Mafrica, C Torino, G D'Arrigo, D Leonardis, G Tripepi, C Zoccali
OBJECTIVE: In renal transplant patients, the prevalence of nocturnal hypertension by far exceeds that of hypertension as assessed by clinic, daytime, and average 24-hour ABPM and night-time systolic BP (SBP) and the night-day ratio but no other BP metrics are independently associated with IMT in this population (Transplantation 2015 Dec 17). BP during nighttime may provide information for the assessment of CV risk attributable to BP burden in renal transplant patients but the determinants of this phenomenon are still undefined in these patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377685/predictors-of-sleep-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Shaloo Gupta, Zhixiao Wang
AIMS: This study examined the prevalence of sleep disorders (SD) and self-reported sleep symptoms and risk factors among adult patients diagnosed with T2DM. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 US National Health and Wellness Survey, an annual Internet-based survey. A total of 7239 participants reported a diagnosis of T2DM. Patients also provided information on diagnosis of SD (e.g., insomnia, sleep breathing disorder, other sleep conditions, etc.) and regularly experienced sleep symptoms (e...
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315083/global-assessment-of-the-impact-of-type-2-diabetes-on-sleep-through-specific-questionnaires-a-case-control-study
#14
Albert Lecube, Enric Sánchez, Fernando Gómez-Peralta, Cristina Abreu, Joan Valls, Olga Mestre, Odile Romero, María Dolores Martínez, Gabriel Sampol, Andreea Ciudin, Cristina Hernández, Rafael Simó
ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is an independent risk factor for sleep breathing disorders. However, it is unknown whether T2D affects daily somnolence and quality of sleep independently of the impairment of polysomnographic parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study including 413 patients with T2D and 413 non-diabetic subjects, matched by age, gender, BMI, and waist and neck circumferences. A polysomnography was performed and daytime sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240507/developmental-delay-in-young-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-before-and-after-tonsil-and-adenoid-surgery
#15
Nira A Goldstein, Michael Gorynski, Candice Yip, Jonathan Harounian, Harris Huberman, Jeremy Weedon
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the developmental status of young children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) as measured by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) and to evaluate improvement after treatment. METHODS: The ASQ-3 was completed at entry, 3 months and 6 months after adenotonsillectomy or adenoidectomy. The questionnaire consists of 30 items that assess five domains: communication, gross motor, fine motor, problem solving and personal-social...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27165476/prevalence-of-sleep-disorders-among-primary-school-children
#16
Ravi Gupta, Deepak Goel, S D Kandpal, Nidhi Mittal, Mohan Dhyani, Manish Mittal
OBJECTIVE: To screen symptoms of sleep disorders among primary school children. METHODS: Four schools from urban area and four rural schools were included in this study. Symptoms of sleep disorders were assessed using the validated Hindi version of Childhood Sleep Habit Questionnaire in 8-13 y old children. Comparison was made between urban and rural group and between boys and girls. Descriptive statistics was calculated. RESULTS: Mean age of the subjects included in this study was 8...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053028/self-reported-sleep-disordered-breathing-as-risk-factor-for-mortality-in-the-elderly
#17
Angeliki Tsapanou, Yian Gu, Deirdre O'Shea, Jennifer Manly, Nicole Schupf, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Yaakov Stern
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the association between self-reported sleep disordered breathing (SDB) ("awaken short of breath or with a headache") and mortality in a large and ethnically diverse group of community-dwelling elderly people. METHODS: A total of 1288 participants, 65 years and older, were examined longitudinally. Sleep problems were estimated using the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale examining sleep disturbance, snoring, awaken short of breath or with a headache, sleep adequacy, and sleep somnolence...
June 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968052/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-down-syndrome-usefulness-of-home-polysomnography
#18
Pablo E Brockmann, Felipe Damiani, Felipe Nuñez, Ana Moya, Eduardo Pincheira, Maria A Paul, Macarena Lizama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the technical feasibility of unattended home polysomnography (HPSG) in children with Down syndrome. METHODS: Data from children with Down syndrome under 10 years of age referred to a diagnostic sleep study was analyzed. A full sleep-lab based polysomnography (PSG) or a HPSG with a portable device was performed. Uninterpretable HPSGs were defined as: recordings with (i) loss of ≥2 of the following channels: nasal flow, or thoracoabdominal sensors, or (ii) HPSG with less than 4h of artifact-free recording time or (iii) less than 4h SpO2 (peripheral capillary oxygen saturation) signal...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26951420/the-association-between-nocturnal-cardiac-arrhythmias-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-the-dream-study
#19
Bernardo J Selim, Brian B Koo, Li Qin, Sangchoon Jeon, Christine Won, Nancy S Redeker, Rachel J Lampert, John P Concato, Dawn M Bravata, Jared Ferguson, Kingman Strohl, Adam Bennett, Andrey Zinchuk, Henry K Yaggi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine whether sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with cardiac arrhythmia in a clinic-based population with multiple cardiovascular comorbidities and severe SDB. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 697 veterans who underwent polysomnography for suspected SDB. SDB was categorized according to the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): none (AHI < 5), mild (5 ≥ AHI < 15), and moderate-severe (AHI ≥ 15). Nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias consisted of: (1) complex ventricular ectopy, (CVE: non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, bigeminy, trigeminy, or quadrigeminy), (2) combined supraventricular tachycardia, (CST: atrial fibrillation or supraventricular tachycardia), (3) intraventricular conduction delay (ICD), (4) tachyarrhythmias (ventricular and supraventricular), and (5) any cardiac arrhythmia...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942466/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-orthodontic-practice-prevalence-of-snoring-in-children-and-morphological-findings
#20
Isabelle Graf, Uwe Schumann, Julia Neuschulz, Karolin Höfer, Lutz Ritter, Bert Braumann
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to evaluate the prevalence of snoring and its correlation with cranial and upper airway morphology in young individuals with orthodontic treatment need. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Parents of 379 children were consecutively interviewed, using eight questions from a more comprehensive questionnaire about sleep behavior. A total of 100 patients (54 girls, 46 boys, average age 11.3 years) met the inclusion criteria. Based on the parents' interviews, the sample was divided into snorers (n = 53) and nonsnorers (n = 47)...
March 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
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