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sleep disordered breathing & female

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224726/a%C3%A4-rway-and-sleep-d%C3%A4-sorders-%C3%A4-n-pat%C3%A4-ents-w%C3%A4-th-acromegaly
#1
Onur Turan, Barış Akıncı, Ahmet Omer Ikız, Oya Itıl, Ibrahim Oztura, Emel Ada, Bahri Akdenız, Serkan Yener, Murat Kaya, Arzu Gedık, Abdurrahman Comlekcı
INTRODUCTION-OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a multisystemic disorder caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone (GH). Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) such as sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) may occur in acromegaly. The aim of study was to assess the presence of sleep disorders and evaluate the systemic complications on respiratory, cardiovascular and upper airway systems in acromegalic patients. METHODS: The study group consisted of 30 acromegaly outpatients. GH and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) measurements were obtained; body pletysmography, arterial blood gas analysis,tissue-doppler imaging,echocardiography,polysomnography,otorhinolaryngologic examination and head-neck computed tomography were performed...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215254/epidemiology-of-sleep-and-sleep-disorders-in-the-netherlands
#2
Gerard A Kerkhof
OBJECTIVE: There is a surging public interest in The Netherlands concerning sleep, sleep disorders and associated health. For a proper perspective, it is necessary to have reliable information on the prevalence of sleep characteristics at the national level. This study set out to assess prevalence rates and key characteristics of sleep and sleep disorders in The Netherlands. METHODS: In 2012, a nationally representative sample of 2089 individuals, aged 18-70 years, responded to a set of 48 questions, including the Holland Sleep Disorders Questionnaire, a validated questionnaire based on the International Classification of Sleep Disorders...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197218/polysomnographic-findings-in-infants-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#3
Abdullah Khayat, Saadoun Bin-Hassan, Suhail Al-Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. It is commonly associated with the secondary cleft palate. Infants with PRS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluate the prevalence and severity of SDB in infants with PRS using polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095969/body-fat-distribution-ratios-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-severity-in-youth-with-obesity
#4
Amy Glicksman, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Nicholas Barrowman, Scott Walker, Lynda Hoey, Sherri Lynne Katz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obesity and regional fat distribution, measured by neck fat mass percentage using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), correlate with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in adults. In obese children, neck-to-waist-circumference ratio predicts OSA. This study examined associations between body fat percentage and distribution and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) severity in obese youth, measured with DXA. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective study conducted at a tertiary children's hospital...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062220/sleep-lung-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Ezequiel Fernandes Oliveira, Sergio Roberto Nacif, Jessica Julioti Urbano, Anderson Soares Silva, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Eduardo Araujo Perez, Melissa Nunes Polaro, Berenice Cataldo Oliveira Valerio, Roberto Stirbulov, Giuseppe Insalaco, Acary Sousa Bulle Oliveira, Luis Vicente Franco Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological variables of lung function, respiratory muscle strength, and sleep in clinically stable patients with myasthenia gravis. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement. Patients adhering to the eligibility criteria were consecutively recruited from the Research Department of Neuromuscular Diseases at the Federal University of Sao Paulo and the Department of Neurology at Santa Casa de Misericordia of Sao Paulo and were referred to the Nove de Julho University Sleep Laboratory (Sao Paulo, Brazil)...
November 25, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012067/the-gender-difference-of-snore-distribution-and-increased-tendency-to-snore-in-women-with-menopausal-syndrome-a-general-population-study
#6
Li-Pang Chuang, Shih-Wei Lin, Li-Ang Lee, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chih-Hao Chang, Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ning-Hung Chen
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent disorder with a major impact in women, especially postmenopausal women. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of a specific SDB, snoring, among women especially those with menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted in Taiwan. Adults over 20 years of age were interviewed. The number of successful interviews was calculated based on the population prior to the study...
December 23, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993286/pulse-transit-time-changes-in-subjects-exhibiting-sleep-disordered-breathing
#7
Biswajit Chakrabarti, Stephen Emegbo, Sonya Craig, Nick Duffy, John O'Reilly
INTRODUCTION: Pulse Transit Time (PTT) represents a non-invasive marker of sleep fragmentation in OSAS. Little is known regarding PTT in sleepy subjects exhibiting nocturnal Inspiratory Flow Limitation (IFL) in the absence of apneas or desaturation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IFL cohort was gender and age matched to subjects with OSAS and a cohort where Sleep Disordered Breathing (SBD)/IFL was absent ("Non Flow Limited" or NFL cohort); PTT Arousal index (PTT Ar) defined by number of PTT arousals per hour...
January 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975178/central-sleep-apnea-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#8
Michael Lin, Arun V Krishnan, Danny J Eckert
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study is to investigate sleep-disordered breathing and symptoms of sleepiness in a consecutive clinical cohort of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Twenty-one (16 females) community-dwelling adults aged 18-75 years with MS and an Expanded Disability Status Scale score between 2 and 6 were recruited consecutively from an academic teaching hospital MS clinic. Participants performed a home sleep study (ResMed ApneaLink Plus) to objectively quantify sleep-disordered breathing...
December 14, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837376/associations-of-sedentary-time-and-moderate-vigorous-physical-activity-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-polysomnographic-sleep-in-community-dwelling-adults
#9
Christopher E Kline, Robert T Krafty, Suresh Mulukutla, Martica H Hall
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between daytime activity (sedentary time, moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity [MVPA]) and indices of polysomnographically (PSG) assessed sleep, including sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-six adults (65% female, 59.8 ± 9.1 years, body mass index [BMI] 30.3 ± 6.9 kg m(-2)) provided daily estimates of time spent in light-, moderate-, and vigorous-intensity activity for 6-14 days (mean 9...
November 11, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784405/neuropsychological-function-in-patients-with-acute-tetraplegia-and-sleep-disordered-breathing
#10
Rachel Schembri, Jo Spong, Marnie Graco, David J Berlowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between apnoea severity and neuropsychological function in patients with acute onset tetraplegia and sleep disordered breathing. METHODS: Polysomnography and neuropsychological testing were performed on 104 participants (age M=45.60, SD=16.38; 10 female) across 11 international sites, two months post-injury (M=60.70 days, SD=39.48). Neuropsychological tests assessed attention, information processing, executive function, memory, learning, mood, and quality of life...
October 20, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760896/gustatory-salivation-is-associated-with-body-mass-index-daytime-sleepiness-and-snoring-in-healthy-young-adults
#11
Satoshi Izumi, Guang Hong, Koh Iwasaki, Masayuki Izumi, Yusuke Matsuyama, Mirei Chiba, Takashi Toda, Tada-Aki Kudo
The taste detection system for oral fatty acid may be related to obesity. In addition, sleep is intrinsically and closely related to food intake and metabolism. However, the association of gustatory salivation with body mass index (BMI), daytime sleepiness, or sleep habits is largely unknown. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship between gustatory salivation and BMI, Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS, a daytime sleepiness scale) or sleep habits among 26 healthy young individuals (20 males and 6 females; mean age: 26...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756648/sexual-dimorphism-of-cardiopulmonary-regulation-in-the-arcuate-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus
#12
Evelyn H Schlenker
The arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus (ANH) interacts with other hypothalamic nuclei, forebrain regions, and downstream brain sites to affect autonomic nervous system outflow, energy balance, temperature regulation, sleep, arousal, neuroendocrine function, reproduction, and cardiopulmonary regulation. Compared to studies of other ANH functions, how the ANH regulates cardiopulmonary function is less understood. Importantly, the ANH exhibits structural and functional sexually dimorphic characteristics and contains numerous neuroactive substances and receptors including leptin, neuropeptide Y, glutamate, acetylcholine, endorphins, orexin, kisspeptin, insulin, Agouti-related protein, cocaine and amphetamine-regulated transcript, dopamine, somatostatin, components of renin-angiotensin system and gamma amino butyric acid that modulate physiological functions...
October 15, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729873/neonatal-maternal-separation-augments-carotid-body-response-to-hypoxia-in-adult-males-but-not-female-rats
#13
Jorge Soliz, Rose Tam, Richard Kinkead
Perinatal exposure to adverse experiences disrupts brain development, including the brainstem network that regulates breathing. At adulthood, rats previously subjected to stress (in the form of neonatal maternal separation; NMS) display features reported in patients suffering from sleep disordered breathing, including an increased hypoxic ventilatory response and hypertension. This effect is also sex-specific (males only). Based on these observations, we hypothesized that NMS augments the carotid body's O2-chemosensitivity...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630581/risk-factors-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-are-prevalent-in-people-with-psychosis-and-correlate-with-impaired-social-functioning-and-poor-physical-health
#14
Dennis Liu, Hannah Myles, Debra L Foley, Gerald F Watts, Vera A Morgan, David Castle, Anna Waterreus, Andrew Mackinnon, Cherrie Ann Galletly
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the general community is associated with obesity, smoking, alcohol, and sedative medication use and contributes to depressed mood, daytime sedation, and sudden cardiovascular deaths. Poor cardiovascular health, impaired social functioning, and negative and cognitive symptoms are also among the common clinical features of psychotic disorders. People with psychosis have higher rates of sleep disturbance; however, OSA has not been extensively investigated in this population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588548/is-there-a-relationship-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-and-hearing-loss
#15
Selami Ekin, Mahfuz Turan, Ahmet Arısoy, Hulya Gunbatar, Aysel Sunnetcioglu, Selvi Asker, Hanifi Yıldız
BACKGROUND Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder with an estimated prevalence in the general population of 2-5%. Its main clinical features are loud snoring and breathing stoppage during sleep. Ischemia could be a consequence of noise-induced hearing loss because cochlear oxygen tension is reduced during and after noise exposure. In this study, we evaluated auditory function in patients affected by OSA and simple snoring. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 66 participants (male to female ratio: 40:26) were included in the study, of which 21 were in the control group, 18 were in the simple snoring group, and 27 were in the OSA patient group...
September 2, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530460/impact-of-sleep-behavior-on-glycemic-control-in-type-1-diabetes-the-role-of-social-jetlag
#16
Sandra Larcher, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Sandrine Lablanche, Jean-Louis Pépin, Pierre-Yves Benhamou, Anne-Laure Borel
BACKGROUND: Sleep behavior is changing toward shorter sleep duration and a later chronotype. It results in a sleep debt that is acquitted on work-free days, inducing a small but recurrent sleep misalignment each week, referred to as "social jetlag". These sleep habits could affect health through misalignment with circadian rhythms. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to address the impact of sleep behavior on glycemic control, assessed by HbA1c, in patients with type 1 diabetes, independently of other lifestyle or sleep-related factors...
November 2016: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418861/sex-differences-in-sleep-apnea-predictors-and-outcomes-from-home-sleep-apnea-testing
#17
Alyssa Cairns, Greg Poulos, Richard Bogan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate sex differences in predictors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as per outcomes from home sleep apnea testing. DESIGN: This was a retrospective analysis of a large repository of anonymous test results and pretest risk factors for OSA. SETTING AND PATIENTS: A total of 272,705 patients were referred for home sleep apnea testing from a variety of clinical practices for suspected sleep disordered breathing across North America from 2009 to 2013...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390455/sleep-after-critical-illness-study-of-survivors-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-and-systematic-review-of-literature
#18
Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Anshu Kumar Agrawal, Ritesh Agarwal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the sleep quality, architecture, sleep-related quality of life, and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) survivors early after discharge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, observational study, consecutive patients with ARDS discharged from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) underwent evaluation with Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ), and overnight polysomnography...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386829/correlations-between-apnea-hypopnea-index-and-selected%C3%A2-morphological-and-clinical-parameters-in-patients-with%C3%A2-unilateral-or-bilateral-impairment-of-nasal-patency
#19
Joanna Michalska, Jurek Olszewski, Marzena Mielczarek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to evaluate the correlation between Apnea/Hypopnea Index (AHI) and selected parameters of morphological and clinical character in the patients with a unilateral or bilateral impairment of nasal patency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study covered 60 adults, including 37 male and 23 female subjects, 19-69 years of age. In the Department, these subjects were divided into 3 groups: I - 20 patients with unilateral impairment of nasal patency, II - 20 patients with bilateral impairment of nasal patency, III - controls with normal nasal patency...
April 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377685/predictors-of-sleep-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Shaloo Gupta, Zhixiao Wang
AIMS: This study examined the prevalence of sleep disorders (SD) and self-reported sleep symptoms and risk factors among adult patients diagnosed with T2DM. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 US National Health and Wellness Survey, an annual Internet-based survey. A total of 7239 participants reported a diagnosis of T2DM. Patients also provided information on diagnosis of SD (e.g., insomnia, sleep breathing disorder, other sleep conditions, etc.) and regularly experienced sleep symptoms (e...
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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