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sleep disordered breathing & women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055285/sleep-disordered-breathing-is-associated-with-higher
#1
Peter D Ahiawodzi, Richard A Kerber, Kira C Taylor, Frank D Groves, Elizabeth O'Brien, Joachim H Ix, Jorge R Kizer, Luc Djoussé, Russell P Tracy, Anne B Newman, David S Siscovick, John Robbins, K Mukamal
CONTEXT: Carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) results from oxidative stress and has been linked to cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) - a source of oxidative stress- and CML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1002 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) were studied. RESULTS: Women with SDB had significantly higher CML concentration compared with those without SDB (OR = 1...
January 5, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017934/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-electrocardiographic-markers-of-atrial-abnormalities-the-mesa-study
#2
Younghoon Kwon, Jeffrey R Misialek, Daniel Duprez, Alvaro Alonso, David R Jacobs, Susan R Heckbert, Susan Redline, Elsayed Z Soliman
AIMS: Electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of left atrial (LA) abnormalities have been linked to increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with increased risk of AF. We aimed to examine the association of ECG markers of LA abnormalities with SDB. METHODS AND RESULTS: 1546 participants (mean age 67.2 years, 53.4% women, and 63.3% non-whites) from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis Exam 5 Sleep ancillary study were included in this analysis...
December 25, 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012067/the-gender-difference-of-snore-distribution-and-increased-tendency-to-snore-in-women-with-menopausal-syndrome-a-general-population-study
#3
Li-Pang Chuang, Shih-Wei Lin, Li-Ang Lee, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chih-Hao Chang, Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Fu Li, Chung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Ning-Hung Chen
PURPOSE: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a prevalent disorder with a major impact in women, especially postmenopausal women. However, few studies have investigated the prevalence of a specific SDB, snoring, among women especially those with menopausal syndrome. METHODS: Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted in Taiwan. Adults over 20 years of age were interviewed. The number of successful interviews was calculated based on the population prior to the study...
December 23, 2016: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998373/sleep-quality-in-an-adult-american-indian-community-sample
#4
Cindy L Ehlers, Derek N Wills, Philip Lau, David A Gilder
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have found that insufficient sleep (< 7 h/night) is more common among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN). In this study we sought to identify specific demographic, clinical, and cultural factors that may be associated with reduced sleep quality in an American Indian community sample. METHODS: Information on demography along with personal medical, psychiatric, and drinking history was obtained using the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism (SSAGA)...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992566/the-accuracy-of-portable-monitoring-in-diagnosing-significant-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-hospitalized-patients
#5
Swamy Nagubadi, Rohit Mehta, Mamoun Abdoh, Mohammedumer Nagori, Stephen Littleton, Renaud Gueret, Aiman Tulaimat
BACKGROUND: Polysomnograms are not always feasible when sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is suspected in hospitalized patients. Portable monitoring is a practical alternative; however, it has not been recommended in patients with comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the accuracy of portable monitoring in hospitalized patients suspected of having SDB. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Large, public, urban, teaching hospital in the United States...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956129/-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-phenotypes-of-sleep-breathing-disorders
#6
Raphaël Heinzer
Recent epidemiological studies show that the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing seems to be higher than previously estimated in the middle to older aged general population with approximatively 49% of men and 23% of women being affected. This higher than expected prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing seems to be due to the high sensitivity of current recording techniques and to the new and more inclusive definition of respiratory events (hypopnea definition in particular). Male sex, age, and truncal obesity (large neck girth, high waist to hip ratio) are the main risk factors for sleep-disordered breathing...
December 9, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926645/association-between-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Francesca L Facco, Corette B Parker, Uma M Reddy, Robert M Silver, Matthew A Koch, Judette M Louis, Robert C Basner, Judith H Chung, Chia-Ling Nhan-Chang, Grace W Pien, Susan Redline, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Hyagriv N Simhan, David M Haas, Brian M Mercer, Samuel Parry, Daniel Mobley, Shannon Hunter, George R Saade, Frank P Schubert, Phyllis C Zee
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether sleep-disordered breathing during pregnancy is a risk factor for the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, nulliparous women underwent in-home sleep-disordered breathing assessments in early (6-15 weeks of gestation) and midpregnancy (22-31 weeks of gestation). Participants and health care providers were blinded to the sleep test results...
January 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857964/women-with-postpartum-weight-retention-have-delayed-wake-times-and-decreased-sleep-efficiency-during-the-perinatal-period-a-brief-report
#8
K M Sharkey, G M Boni, J A Quattrucci, S Blatch, S N Carr
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed sleep and circadian rhythms across the perinatal period in new mothers with and without postpartum weight retention (PPWR). METHODS: Weight was measured at 2 and 16 weeks postpartum in 21 women with previous major depression or bipolar disorder (mean age 29.5±4.7 years) who self-reported pre-pregnancy weight during third trimester. Wrist actigraphy was acquired at 33 weeks gestation and postpartum weeks 2, 6, and 16. Circadian phase was measured at 33 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum...
September 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836648/sex-differences-in-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-adults
#9
REVIEW
Tijana Lozo, Dragana Komnenov, M Safwan Badr, Jason H Mateika
The prevalence of sleep disordered breathing is greater in men compared to women. This disparity could be due to sex differences in the diagnosis and presentation of sleep apnea, and the pathophysiological mechanisms that instigate this disorder. Women tend to report more non-typical symptoms of sleep apnea compared to men, and the presentation of apneic events are more prevalent in rapid compared to non-rapid eye movement sleep. In addition, there is evidence of sex differences in upper airway structure and mechanics and in neural mechanisms that impact on the control of breathing...
November 9, 2016: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810183/obesity-may-be-the-common-pathway-for-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Jyotsna Suri, Jagdish Chander Suri, Bidisha Chatterjee, Pratima Mittal, Tulsi Adhikari
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrinological disorders in women of reproductive age, and is characterized by hyperandrogenism. It is associated with long-term metabolic dysfunctions including sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). We hypothesized that the increased prevalence of SDB in PCOS results from raised testosterone levels. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional, case-control study in which 50 case patients with untreated PCOS and 100 control subjects were included...
August 2016: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760083/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-the-menopausal-transition-among-participants-in-the-sleep-in-midlife-women-study
#11
Anna G Mirer, Terry Young, Mari Palta, Ruth M Benca, Amanda Rasmuson, Paul E Peppard
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is widely believed to be an established cause of sleep disorders, but evidence for this theory is inconclusive. Attributing any sleep problem to normal processes of menopause may lead to underdiagnosis of treatable sleep disorders in midlife women. This study uses detailed longitudinal data on sleep and menopausal health from participants in the Sleep in Midlife Women Study to investigate whether risk and severity of sleep-disordered breathing increase with progression through menopause, accounting for changes in age and body habitus...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672073/obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-and-hypothyroidism-merely-concurrence-or-causal-association
#12
Wojciech Kuczyński, Agata Gabryelska, Łukasz Mokros, Piotr Białasiewicz
The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) ranges from 4 to 7% in men and from 2 to 5% in women. Its deleterious consequences such as traffic accidents, cardiovascular complications increasing morbidity and mortality, make it a major health problem. Apart from obesity (a major risk factor for OSAHS), hypothyroid patients are prone to reveal this phenotype. Although hypothyroidism seems an acknowledged risk factor for OSAHS, some authors report the lack of clinically relevant association...
2016: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648062/insomnia-during-pregnancy-diagnosis-and-rational-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Ali M Hashmi, Shashi K Bhatia, Subhash K Bhatia, Imran S Khawaja
UNLABELLED: Sleep disturbances are common in pregnancy. Insomnia is a frequent sleep disturbance experienced by pregnant women which can be primary or due to co-morbid conditions. The differential diagnosis of insomnia in pregnancy includes anxiety disorders, mood disorders, breathing related sleep disorders and restless legs syndrome. Early interventions to treat the sleep disturbance are recommended to avoid adverse pregnancy outcomes. Management strategies include improving sleep hygiene, behavioral therapies, and pharmacotherapy...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608271/prolonged-partial-upper-airway-obstruction-during-sleep-an-underdiagnosed-phenotype-of-sleep-disordered-breathing
#14
REVIEW
Ulla Anttalainen, Mirja Tenhunen, Ville Rimpilä, Olli Polo, Esa Rauhala, Sari-Leena Himanen, Tarja Saaresranta
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a well-recognized disorder conventionally diagnosed with an elevated apnea-hypopnea index. Prolonged partial upper airway obstruction is a common phenotype of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), which however is still largely underreported. The major reasons for this are that cyclic breathing pattern coupled with arousals and arterial oxyhemoglobin saturation are easy to detect and considered more important than prolonged episodes of increased respiratory effort with increased levels of carbon dioxide in the absence of cycling breathing pattern and repetitive arousals...
2016: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590949/sleep-disorders-in-pregnancy-glycaemic-implications
#15
K V S Hari Kumar
Sleep is one of the essential biorhythms of the body that helps in optimum restoration of many body functions. The sleep-wake cycle is determined by the circadian centre and is responsible for the anabolic functions in the body. Infants require about 14 to 18 hours of sleep per day, which reduces gradually to about 8 hours in adults. Urbanization and evolutionary changes have altered the sleep hygiene and shortened the sleep duration. This lead to various sleep disorders like sleep disordered breathing, insomnia and narcolepsy...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583672/relationships-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-anxiety
#16
Shanna V Diaz, Lee K Brown
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent research investigating the interaction between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and anxiety, and contextualize their bidirectional relationship. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent investigations corroborate the bidirectional relationship between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and anxiety, evaluate the etiological and clinical manifestations through different mechanisms, and provide insight into clinical implications of this interaction...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582156/sleep-disorders-in-pregnancy-glycaemic-implications
#17
K V S Hari Kumar
Sleep is one of the essential biorhythms of the body that helps in optimum restoration of many body functions. The sleep-wake cycle is determined by the circadian centre and is responsible for the anabolic functions in the body. Infants require about 14 to 18 hours of sleep per day, which reduces gradually to about 8 hours in adults. Urbanization and evolutionary changes have altered the sleep hygiene and shortened the sleep duration. This lead to various sleep disorders like sleep disordered breathing, insomnia and narcolepsy...
September 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490427/prevalence-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-patient-characteristics-in-a-coronary-artery-disease-cohort-undergoing-cardiovascular-rehabilitation
#18
Henrik Fox, Hans-Christian Purucker, Isabelle Holzhacker, Ulrich Tebtmann, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Andrea Graml, Holger Woehrle, Olaf Oldenburg
PURPOSE: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and identification of risk factors for CAD is crucial. One such potential risk factor is sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). This prospective cohort study investigated the prevalence of SDB and determined risk factors for the presence of SDB in a large CAD cohort undergoing cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 1425 patients with confirmed CAD starting rehabilitation were screened for SDB using cardiorespiratory polygraphy (n = 921) or polygraphy plus pulse oximetry (n = 484)...
November 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486934/clinical-considerations-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-with-little-rem-sleep
#19
Dae Lim Koo, Hyunwoo Nam
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is more severe during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep than during non-REM sleep. We aimed to determine the features of patients with OSA who experience little REM sleep. METHODS: Patients with a chief complaint of sleep-disordered breathing were enrolled. All subjects underwent overnight polysomnography (PSG) and completed questionnaires on sleep quality. Patients were divided into the following three groups according to the proportion of REM sleep detected in overnight PSG: little REM sleep [REM sleep <20% of total sleep time (TST)], normal REM sleep (20-25% of TST), and excessive REM sleep (>25% of TST)...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386831/polysomnographic-evaluation-of-sleep-apnea-in-patients%C3%A2-with-unilateral-or-bilateral-impaired-nasal-patency
#20
Joanna Michalska, Jurek Olszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this work was to describe the polysomnographic evaluation of sleep apnea in patients suffering from unilateral or bilateral impaired nasal passage patency. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study covered 60 adult, including 23 women and 37 men aged 19-69, admitted to the Hospital Department. The subjects were divided into 3 groups: I - 20 patients with unilateral impaired nasal patency, II - 20 patients with bilateral impaired nasal patency, III - 20 controls with correct nasal passage patency...
February 29, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
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