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total pulmonary vein occlusion

Christian-Hendrik Heeger, Verena Tscholl, Erik Wissner, Thomas Fink, Laura Rottner, Peter Wohlmuth, Barbara Bellmann, Mattias Roser, Shibu Mathew, Christian Sohns, Bruno Reißmann, Christine Lemeš, Tilman Maurer, Francesco Santoro, Johannes Riedl, Britta Goldmann, Ulf Landmesser, Feifan Ouyang, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Andreas Rillig, Andreas Metzner
BACKGROUND: Second-generation cryoballoon (CB2)-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has demonstrated encouraging clinical results in the treatment of paroxysmal (PAF) and persistent atrial fibrillation (PersAF). However, the CB2 features a maximal diameter of 28 mm, and its adaptability to anatomic variations of the pulmonary veins (PVs) might be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the acute efficacy, safety, and long-term clinical results of CB2-based PVI in patients with a left common pulmonary vein (LCPV)...
May 8, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Bruno Reissmann, Tilman Maurer, Peter Wohlmuth, Matthias Krüger, Christian Heeger, Christine Lemes, Thomas Fink, Johannes Riedl, Francesco Santoro, Shibu Mathew, Christian Sohns, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Feifan Ouyang, Andreas Metzner
Aims: Procedure times and left atrial dwell times of cryoballoon (CB)-based ablation strategies for atrial fibrillation (AF) are shorter as compared to radiofrequency ablation, yet fluoroscopy times are longer and result in a higher radiation exposure. The objective of this study is to evaluate a modified fluoroscopy protocol aiming at reduction of radiation exposure in CB ablation. Methods: A total of 120 patients with symptomatic AF underwent pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) using the second generation CB and an ablation strategy considering the individual time-to-isolation...
April 7, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Nikolaos Garmpis, Christos Damaskos, Nikolaos Patelis, Dimitrios Dimitroulis, Eleftherios Spartalis, Ioannis Tomos, Anna Garmpi, Michael Spartalis, Efstathios A Antoniou, Konstantinos Kontzoglou, Periklis Tomos
A 62 year-old male with long-standing smoking history presented with hemoptysis. Plain chest x-ray showed abnormal findings proximate to the right pulmonary hilum. Bronchoscopy revealed a fragile exophytic tumor of the right wall of the lower third of the trachea, infiltrating the right main bronchus (75% stenosis) and the right upper lobar bronchus (near total occlusion). Contrast-enhanced chest CT demonstrated a 7.2x4.9 cm tumor contiguous to the above-mentioned structures, mediastinal lymph node pathology, and a vessel coursing inferiorly to the left of the aortic arch and anterior to the left hilum...
April 10, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Toshiharu Matsuura, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Yusuke Yanagi, Koichiro Yoshimaru, Kenichiro Yamamura, Eiji Morihana, Hazumu Nagata, Kiyoshi Uike, Hidetoshi Takada, Tomoaki Taguchi
BACKGROUND: Congenital portosystemic shunts (CPSS) with intrahepatic portal vein (IHPV) hypoplasia or absence cause encephalopathy or pulmonary hypertension (PH). Acute shunt closure may result in postoperative portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to propose a surgical strategy according to the anatomical types of CPSS and IHPV. METHODS: Twenty-three CPSS patients were diagnosed from1990 to 2015. All patients were evaluated by computed tomography, angiography, and PV pressure monitoring under a shunt occlusion test...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
A V Pokrovskiĭ, I M Ignat'ev, M Iu Volodiukhin, E G Gradusov
The present study was aimed at assessing initial results of hybrid operations in obstructive lesions of the iliac-femoral veins in patients with post-thrombotic disease (PTD). Hybrid operations [open endovenectomy from the common femoral vein (CFV) with creation of an arteriovenous fistula + stenting of iliac veins] were performed carried out in a total of eleven patients with PTD. Of these, there were 7 men and 4 women aged from 34 to 52 years (mean age - 42.8±7 years). All patients had severe-degree chronic venous insufficiency (CVI)...
2016: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
P P Li, H Liu, S Y Fu, C Lin, Z Y Pan, J Zhang, J S Ni, S X Yuan, W P Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the application of liver visualization technology in complex liver tumor resection at the second hepatic portal area. METHODS: Clinical data of 80 cases who received surgery at the second hepatic portal area from August 2014 to September 2015 in the Third Department of Hepatic Surgery of Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. There were 58 male and 22 female patients aged from 21 to 70 years with median age of 52 years...
September 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Benedetta Pesi, Francesco Giudici, Luca Moraldi, Gianfranco Montesi, Stefano Romagnoli, Fulvio Pinelli, Pierluigi Stefano, Giacomo Batignani
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with the presence of tumor thrombus in hepatic veins and vena cava, until the atrium (RATT), is correlated with poor prognosis and with risk of tricuspid valve occlusion, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary embolism. METHODS: Three patients with HCC on cirrhotic liver with RATT were studied. Operative technique, pre-operative and post-operative liver function tests, blood loss and transfusions, post-operative morbidity and mortality, and the overall survival and the disease free survival were analyzed...
March 12, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Qin-qin He, Xiang He, Yan-ping Wang, Yu Zou, Qing-jie Xia, Liu-Lin Xiong, Chao-zhi Luo, Xiao-song Hu, Jia Liu, Ting-hua Wang
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMSCs)-based therapy seems to be a promising treatment for acute lung injury, but the therapeutic effects of BMSCs transplantation on acute lung injury induced by brain ischemia and the mechanisms have not been totally elucidated. This study explores the effects of transplantation of BMSCs on acute lung injury induced by focal cerebral ischemia and investigates the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Acute lung injury model was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
March 1, 2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
M Schreiner, W Sanad, B M Pfitzner, G Baumann, F Knebel
Primary intravascular synovial sarcoma is a rare malignancy with only a few cases documented in the literature. On presentation, this tumour usually resembles a deep venous thrombosis (dvt) or pulmonary embolism (pe). Here, we report the case of a 20-year-old woman complaining of shortness of breath who had a history of dvt 6 weeks before presentation at our institution. Vascular ultrasound detected a suspicious mass in the right groin, which was identified as a monophasic synovial sarcoma by surgical biopsy...
October 2015: Current Oncology
Colum F Amory, Steven R Levine, Robin L Brey, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Stanley Tuhrim, Barbara C Tilley, Ann-Catherin C Simpson, Ralph L Sacco, Jay P Mohr
BACKGROUND: There are very limited prospective data on the significance of persistent antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) and recurrent thrombo-occlusive events (TOEs). We investigated the prognostic value of (1) 2 newer aPL assays, (2) an aPL portfolio and (3) persistent aPL positivity following stroke. METHODS: A total of 1,770 subjects from the APASS-WARSS study underwent further aPL testing for antibodies to phosphatidylserine (aPS) and anti-β2-glycoprotein-I (anti-β2GPI) from stored sera...
2015: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Juan Carlos Rama-Merchan, Ignacio Cruz-González, Javier Martín-Moreiras, Francisco Javier García-Fernández, Pedro L Sánchez
Pulmonary vein (PV) stenosis (PVS) is a known complication of PV isolation procedures for AF (atrial fibrillation). PV angioplasty and stenting have been used as an effective therapy for PVS, yet high rates of restenosis are common. Experience with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in evaluating the PVS morphological characteristics and appropriate stent deployment is very limited. Furthermore, the use of IVUS could minimise the risk of restenosis. We describe the case of a patient with sub-occlusion of the left superior PV and total occlusion of the left inferior PV following catheter ablation for AF treated by stenting with IVUS guidance...
September 2015: Heart, Lung & Circulation
I I Zatevakhin, V N Shipovsky, M A Barzaeva
The authors carried out comparative assessment of efficacy of cava filters (CF) for prevention of pulmonary artery thromboembolism in patients presenting with iliofemoral thrombosis with flotation of thrombi, as well as analysed complications in the remote postimplantation period. A total of 266 patients were examined within the terms from 1 month to 10 years after CF implantation. Depending on the type of the implanted device, all patients were subdivided into 3 groups: group 1 (n=65) consisted of patients with one-level CF, group 2 (n=112) comprised those with "sandglass" and "shuttle" type two-level cava filters, and group 3 (n=89) was composed of patients with the implanted CF "TrapEase" and "OptEase"...
2015: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Naiara Calvo, Nahikari Salterain, Hugo Arguedas, Alfonso Macias, Alberto Esteban, Manuel García de Yébenes, Juan J Gavira, Joaquín Barba, Ignacio García-Bolao
AIMS: Left atrial appendage (LAA) is the source of thrombi in up to 90% of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF). Catheter ablation (CA) is an effective treatment for symptomatic AF and, in selected cases, LAA occlusion devices have been introduced as an alternative to oral anticoagulants (OACs). The safety and feasibility of combining CA and percutaneous LAA closure (LAAC) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with symptomatic drug-refractory AF, CHADS2 score of ≥1, and CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2 were included...
October 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
M Lombardi, M R Tagliente, T Pirolo, E Massari, M Sisto, U Vairo
: The usual surgical practice after repair of a Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection (TAPVC) is to ligate the vertical vein (VV). Many surgeons find it expedient to leave the VV unligated to reduce pulmonary arterial pressure, decrease perioperative pulmonary hypertensive crisis, provide better hemodynamics postoperatively (1), and enable the adaptation of cardiac chambers to a new workload. Afterwards, the unligated VV may cause significant left-to-right shunt, likewise an atrial septal defect, mandating later surgical ligation or device closure (2)...
December 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Levon Toufektzian, Rizwan Attia, Nicolaos Polydorou, Lukacs Veres
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'in patients with primary lung carcinoma, does the sequence of pulmonary vasculature ligation during anatomical lung resection influence the oncological outcomes?' A total of 48 papers were found using the reported search, of which 7 represented the best evidence to answer the question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated...
February 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Edgardo Tiglao
SESSION TITLE: Pulmonary Vascular Disease Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Cancer continues to be one of the major causes of venous thromboembolism (VTE) worlwide, and as such, a global health burden. In the Philippines, the incidence of cancer with VTE is yet to be established, although malignancy itself is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Among the malignancy types, that of the lung ranks first...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Fengrui Lei, Xiaoqiang Li, Aimin Qian, Xiaobin Yu, Jianjie Rong, Hongfei Sang, Qingyou Meng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) in treating with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis after filter implantation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 13 patients with IVC thrombosis after filter implantation was conducted at our institution from June 2009 to June 2012. A total of 26 lower extremities were involved.IVC filters were implanted via right internal jugular vein. Then CDT was performed through small saphenous vein, popliteal vein or femoral vein...
July 22, 2014: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Ilhan Golbasi, Cengiz Turkay, Ozan Erbasan, Cemal Kemaloğlu, Suat Sanli, Mehtap Turkay, Ömer Bayezid
Varicose veins, associated with great saphenous vein (GSV) incompetence, are traditionally treated with conventional surgery. In recent years, minimally invasive alternatives to surgical treatment such as the endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency (RF) ablation have been developed with promising results. Residual varicose veins following EVLA, regress untouched, or phlebectomy or foam sclerotherapy can be concomitantly performed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of EVLA with different levels of laser energy in patients with varicose veins secondary to saphenous vein reflux...
January 2015: Lasers in Medical Science
Vinod A Sebastian, Javier Brenes, Raghav Murthy, Surendranath Veeram Reddy, V Vivian Dimas, Alan Nugent, Thomas Zellers, Rong Huang, Kristine J Guleserian, Joseph M Forbess
BACKGROUND: Historic outcomes of patients with heterotaxy and pulmonary atresia or pulmonary stenosis (PA/PS) have been poor and in the current era are incompletely described. We reviewed our management of these patients and associated risk factors for death. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with heterotaxy and PA/PS treated in our institution from January 1, 2002, to August 31, 2012. Death data were also confirmed with the Social Security Death Index...
July 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Dale Murdoch, Karl Poon, Darren L Walters
Pulmonary vein stenosis occurs in 1.3% of patients undergoing pulmonary vein isolation procedures for atrial fibrillation. Complete occlusion can occur and is often associated with symptoms including dyspnea and chest pain. Percutaneous intervention with angioplasty and stenting is frequently performed for pulmonary vein stenosis, but management of pulmonary vein occlusion remains challenging. We report the case of a 47-year-old female who presented with dyspnea and history of two previous radiofrequency ablation procedures for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation...
April 2014: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
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