keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gingivitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821290/comparing-the-effect-of-0-06-0-12-and-0-2-chlorhexidine-on-plaque-bleeding-and-side-effects-in-an-experimental-gingivitis-model-a-parallel-group-double-masked-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Maliha Haydari, Ayse Gul Bardakci, Odd Carsten Koldsland, Anne Merete Aass, Leiv Sandvik, Hans R Preus
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine is the gold standard of dental plaque prevention. The aim of the present study was to compare the plaque and gingivitis inhibiting effect of commercial products containing 0.2%, 0.12% and 0.06% chlorhexidine in a modified experimental gingivitis model. METHODS: In three groups of healthy volunteers, experimental gingivitis was induced and monitored over 21 days and simultaneously treated with the commercial solutions containing 0.2%, 0...
August 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819322/nampt-enzyme-activity-regulates-catabolic-gene-expression-in-gingival-fibroblasts-during-periodontitis
#2
Ka Hyon Park, Duck-Kyu Kim, Yun Hyun Huh, Gyuseok Lee, Su-Hyeon Lee, Yunkyung Hong, Sun-Hun Kim, Min-Suk Kook, Jeong-Tae Koh, Jang-Soo Chun, Shee Eun Lee, Je-Hwang Ryu
Periodontal disease is one of the most prevalent chronic disorders worldwide. It is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss. Here, we focused on the role of adipokines, which are locally expressed by periodontal tissues, in the regulation of catabolic gene expression leading to periodontal inflammation. The expression of the nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) adipokine was dramatically increased in inflamed human and mouse gingival tissues...
August 18, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818171/rapid-and-promising-technique-to-treat-gummy-smile-lip-repositioning
#3
Muhammad Nazeer Khan, Zainab Akbar, Irfan Shah
Beautiful smile is a booster to person's confidence. Gummy smile is a term used for excessive gingival display (EGD). Its etiology is multifactorial. Bone vertical maxillary excess (VME) is one of the cause of EGD. In this case series, lip repositioning was performed to treat mild to moderate degree of gingival display ( 2 to 8 mm) due to VME. Lip repositioning is simple, promising, meticulous and comparatively cheap alternative technique for treating gummy smile.
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817741/reconstruction-of-a-severely-atrophied-alveolar-ridge-by-computer-aided-gingival-simulation-and-3d-printed-surgical-guide-a-case-report
#4
In-Seok Song, Mi-Ran Lee, Jae-Jun Ryu, Ui-Lyong Lee
Dental implants positioned in severely atrophied anterior maxillae require esthetic or functional compromises. This case report describes the rehabilitation of a severely atrophied alveolar ridge with a three-dimensional (3D) computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) surgical guide. A 50-year-old woman had a severely atrophied anterior maxilla with unfavorably positioned dental implants. Functional and esthetic prosthodontic restoration was difficult to achieve. An anterior segmental osteotomy was planned to reposition the dental implants...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817141/effects-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-on-palatal-wound-healing-after-free-gingival-graft-harvesting-a-comparative-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Mustafa Ozcan, Onur Ucak, Bahar Alkaya, Seray Keceli, Gulsah Seydaoglu, M Cenk Haytac
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on palatal wound healing after free gingival graft (FGG) harvesting. A total of 125 patients were randomized after FGG: PRF with butyl-cyanoacrylate (BC) adhesive (PRF group; n = 42), BC adhesive alone (BC group; n = 42), and sterile wet gauze compression (WG group; n = 41). Bleeding, pain, epithelialization, feeding habits, and sensation scores were recorded for different time points. Statistically significant differences were found for all parameters in favor of the PRF group (P = ...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817140/relationship-between-clinical-and-histologic-periodontal-biotypes-in-humans
#6
Sergio Henrique Gonçalves Motta, Marcos Paulo Ferreira Camacho, Danielle Carvalho Quintela, Ronaldo B Santana
Histologic and histomorphometric evaluations of gingival biopsy samples of patients presenting either a thick or a thin gingival biotype were performed. Full-thickness gingival biopsy samples were obtained and processed for histologic and histometric evaluations. Thickness of the keratinized mucosa or gingiva was found to be increased in the thick biotype. Specifically, the connective tissue layer was thicker with no change in epithelial thickness. In conclusion, gingival transparency appears to be an adequate, clinically useful method to classify the gingival biotype...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817131/connective-tissue-graft-wall-technique-and-enamel-matrix-derivative-for-the-treatment-of-infrabony-defects-case-reports
#7
Giovanni Zucchelli, Lham Mounssif, Matteo Marzadori, Claudio Mazzotti, Pietro Felice, Martina Stefanini
The present case report describes a modification of the connective tissue graft wall technique with enamel matrix derivative applied to treat deep vertical bony defects. The technique presented uses a palatal incision to gain access to the bony defect. Deep infrabony defects affecting two maxillary central incisors associated with interdental and buccal gingival recession were treated. At 1 year after surgery, 9 and 6 mm of interdental clinical attachment level gain were seen in cases 1 and 2, respectively...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817130/the-use-of-autogenous-gingival-graft-for-treatment-of-lingual-recession-on-mandibular-anterior-teeth
#8
Gonçalo Assis, Myron Nevins, David M Kim
The goal of this article is to demonstrate the practicality and results of increasing the zone of keratinized tissue on the lingual surface of mandibular anterior teeth via case reports. Calculus is most commonly found on the lingual surface of these teeth, so they are subjected to inflammatory elements resulting in tissue deformation and destruction. Significant attention has been paid to grafting the buccal surface, but there is a paucity of information addressing the lingual surface of mandibular anterior teeth...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817128/epithelial-inclusions-following-a-bilaminar-root-coverage-procedure-with-a-subepithelial-connective-tissue-graft-a-histologic-and-clinical-study
#9
Federica Romano, Stefano Perotto, Luca Cricenti, Stefano Gotti, Mario Aimetti
The aim of this study was to histologically examine any epithelial cell inclusions in submerged subepithelial connective tissue graft (SCTG) after clinical healing was achieved. A total of 16 patients with Miller Class I or II gingival recessions were consecutively treated with a bilaminar procedure. At 2 months after surgery, a gingival tissue specimen was harvested from all SCTG-treated sites and stained with hematoxylin-eosin. The histologic evaluation revealed connective tissue in active reorganization without epithelial inclusions in 14 of the 16 tissue specimens...
September 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816410/new-insights-into-the-cellular-makeup-and-progenitor-potential-of-palatal-connective-tissues
#10
Emoke Pall, Mihai Cenariu, Adrian Kasaj, Adrian Florea, Andrada Soancă, Alexandra Roman, Carmen Georgiu
The present study investigated the regenerative potential of connective tissues harvested from two palatal areas widely used as donor sites for muco-gingival surgical approaches. Connective tissue grafts (CTGs) were obtained by de-epithelialisation of a free gingival graft (deCTG) and by a split flap approach from a previous donor site (reCTG). Two types of mesenchymal stem cell (MSCs) were isolated and were named de-epithelialised MSCs (deMSCs) and re-entry MSCs (reMSCs). The cells were characterised and cellular functionality was investigated...
August 17, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816195/pentraxin-3-levels-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-canine-retraction-with-nickel-titanium-coil-spring-and-active-tieback
#11
Rakesh Thukral, Sukhpreet Mangat, Anvesha Ganguly, Sanket S Agarkar, Harleen Bali, Shekhar Grover
AIM: Orthodontic treatment is routinely carried out in patients with the purpose of correcting various forms of dental malocclusions. Retraction of the canines can be achieved either individually or along with incisor. Pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) is regarded as the true independent indicator of disease activity. Hence, we undertook the present study to assess and compare the level of PTX-3 in patients undergoing canine retraction with active tieback and Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) coil spring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study included assessment of 25 patients that underwent canine retraction as a part of fixed orthodontic treatment...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816193/gingival-zenith-positions-and-levels-of-maxillary-anterior-dentition-in-cases-of-bimaxillary-protrusion-a-morphometric-analysis
#12
Snigdha Gowd, T Shankar, Suravi Chatterjee, Pritam Mohanty, Nivedita Sahoo, Srinivas Baratam
AIM: To investigate the two clinical parameters, such as gingival zenith positions (GZPs) and gingival zenith levels (GZLs), of maxillary anterior dentition in bimaxillary protrusion cases and collate it with severiety of crown inclination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gingival zenith position and GZL in 40 healthy patients (29 females and 11 males) with an average age of 21.5 years were assessed. Inclusion criteria involved absence of periodontal diseases, Angle's class I molar relationship, and upper anterior proclination within 25 to 45° based on Steiner's analysis; exclusion criteria included spacing, crowding, anterior restoration and teeth with incisor attrition or rotation...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816188/assessment-of-changes-in-nickel-and-chromium-levels-in-the-gingival-crevicular-fluid-during-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#13
Vinny Bhasin, Swati J Pustake, Viprat Joshi, Anil Tiwari, Meenakshi Bhasin, Ramandeep S Punia
BACKGROUND: Various components of appliances used in fixed orthodontic treatment are fabricated from materials that are highly resistant in nature and have high strength and biocompatibility. Corrosion of materials occurs inside the oral cavity due to numerous environmental or oral factors that act on them. These factors include temperature, pH variation, salivary conditions, mechanical loads, microbiological and enzymatic activity, and various food components. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is the material obtained from the gingival sulcus and might act as a potential source for various biomarkers in the orthodontic setup because inflammatory-induced response is directly related to orthodontic forces in GCF...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815661/effectiveness-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-in-schoolchildren-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Caroline Stein, Nathália Maria Lopes Santos, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral health educational actions in the school context in improving oral hygiene and dental caries in schoolchildren through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Clinical trials with schoolchildren between 5 and 18 years old were included. Eligible studies were those which had as outcomes caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss and which had been published from 1995 to 2015, in any language...
August 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814183/diagnoses-and-treatment-of-dental-disorders-in-a-research-colony-of-macaca-fascicularis-a-case-series
#15
Philippe Roux, Muriel Brecheisen, Rafael de Carvalho, Alessandra Bergadano
During daily routine oral examinations in a research colony of nonhuman primates (NHPs, Macaca fascicularis), a variety of oral-dental lesions were identified. A dental care program was established based on these findings. Based on the presence of dental clinical signs and their severity, 31 animals were triaged to be examined and treated by a veterinarian. Clinical examination consisted of visual inspection using a periodontal probe/explorer and full or partial mouth dental radiographs. Treatment was performed during the same procedure...
September 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812052/the-superior-labial-frenulum-in-newborns-what-is-normal
#16
Chloe Santa Maria, Janelle Aby, Mai Thy Trong, Yogita Thakur, Sharon Rea, Anna Messner
Introduction and Objectives: There has been an emergence of procedures to release the superior labial frenula in infants, yet little is known about the normal appearance or incidence of severe attachment, or "lip-tie." The objective of this article was to develop a classification system for superior labial frenula and to estimate the incidence of different degrees of attachment. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study. Newborns were examined and had photographs taken of their upper frenula. Relevant medical professionals rated the appearance of the labial frenula using a previously described Kotlow classification system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811843/transcriptomics-and-methylomics-in-chronic-periodontitis-with-tobacco-use-a-pilot-study
#17
Young-Dan Cho, Pil-Jong Kim, Hong-Gee Kim, Yang-Jo Seol, Yong-Moo Lee, Young Ku, In-Chul Rhyu, Hyun-Mo Ryoo
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that tobacco smoking affects the susceptibility to and severity of chronic periodontitis. Epigenetics may explain the role of smoking in the development and progress of periodontal disease. In this study, we performed transcriptomic and methylomic analyses of non-periodontitis and periodontitis-affected gingival tissues according to smoking status. METHODS: Human gingival tissues were obtained from 20 patients, including non-smokers with and without periodontitis (n = 5 per group) and smokers with and without periodontitis (n = 5 per group)...
2017: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809375/clinical-parameters-of-implants-placed-in-healed-sites-using-flapped-and-flapless-techniques-a-systematic-review
#18
O Llamas-Monteagudo, P Girbés-Ballester, J Viña-Almunia, D Peñarrocha-Oltra, M Peñarrocha-Diago
BACKGROUND: Dental implant placement using flapless surgery is a minimally invasive technique that improves blood supply compared with flapped surgery. However, the flapless technique does not provide access to allow bone regeneration. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the clinical parameters following implant surgery in healed sites, using two procedures: flapped vs. flapless surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A detailed electronic search was carried out in the PubMed/Medline, Embase and Cochrane Library databases...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808698/subgingival-microbiome-of-gingivitis-in-chinese-undergraduates
#19
Ke Deng, Xiang Ying Ouyang, Yi Chu, Qian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the microbiome composition of health and gingivitis in Chinese undergraduates with high-throughput sequencing. METHODS: Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons was performed with the MiSeq system to compare subgingival bacterial communities from 54 subjects with gingivitis and 12 periodontally healthy controls. RESULTS: A total of 1,967,372 sequences representing 14 phyla, 104 genera, and 96 species were detected. Analysis of similarities (Anosim) test and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed significantly different community profiles between the health control and the subjects with gingivitis...
2017: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804534/mtor-inhibition-rejuvenates-the-aging-gingival-fibroblasts-through-alleviating-oxidative-stress
#20
Yiru Xia, Mengjun Sun, Yufeng Xie, Rong Shu
The aging periodontium may be vulnerable to periodontal pathogens and poor response to inflammation and susceptible to tumorigenesis. Human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs) through continuously replicative culture served as an in vitro surrogate for aging. To investigate the effects of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibition on the aging gingiva, we stimulated the high-passage hGFs with rapamycin (20 nmol/L) for 3 days and 30 days. The cellular and biological changes were examined by immunofluorescence, real-time PCR, ELISA, Western blotting, and flow cytometry...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
keyword
keyword
4785
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"