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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#1
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034970/oral-health-of-older-residents-in-care-and-community-dwellers-nursing-implications
#2
J S Choi, Y J Yi, L R Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health is associated with a reduced quality of life and serious illnesses. Consequently, nurses need to be more aware of oral health to improve the general health of residents in care. AIM: To evaluate and compare oral health behaviours and levels of salivary haemoglobin and dental biofilm acidogenicity, which can be used to evaluate oral disease activity, between residents and community dwellers in South Korea. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 133 participants: 64 residents and 69 community dwellers...
October 16, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034271/effect-of-propolis-extract-in-combination-with-eugenol-free-dressing-coe-paktm-on-pain-and-wound-healing-after-crown-lengthening-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Mitra Askari, Anna Saffarpour, Jalal Purhashemi, Atena Beyki
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Researchers have long been in search of products to enhance healing and patient comfort postoperatively. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of propolis extract in combination with Coe-Pak(TM) dressing for pain relief and wound healing after crown lengthening surgery. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 36 patients who were randomly divided into two groups of Coe-Pak(TM) dressing with (trial group) and without (control group) propolis extract...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034270/clinical-evaluation-of-effects-of-local-application-of-aloe-vera-gel-as-an-adjunct-to-scaling-and-root-planning-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#4
Anahita Ashouri Moghaddam, Golpar Radafshar, Yousef Jahandideh, Narges Kakaei
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Aloe vera gel contains various components with antibiotic and anti-inflammatory characteristics, which may have potential advantages to treat periodontal diseases. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of local application of aloe vera gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planning in the treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This single-blind clinical trial, performed in a split mouth design, was conducted on 20 patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis...
September 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034160/eosinophilic-plasmacytic-conjunctivitis-concurrent-with-gingival-fistula-caused-by-schizophyllum-commune-in-a-captive-cheetah-acinonyx-jubatus
#5
Madoka Yoshizawa, Shinpei Kawarai, Yoshiko Torii, Kaori Ota, Kiyoshi Tasaka, Kazuko Nishimura, Chieko Fujii, Nobuyuki Kanemaki
We describe for the first time the diagnosis of Schizophyllum commune infection in a captive cheetah. Eosinophilic plasmacytic conjunctivitis was detected histopathologically in a biopsy specimen. Both a second surgical specimen and drainage fluid from a gingival mass and fistula contained fungal hyphae in giant cells with granulomatous inflammation. Allergic S. commune mycosis was suspected at this point. A monokaryotic isolate was characterized morphologically, and then identified genetically. Treatment with itraconazole and pimaricin was effective...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033487/gingival-hyperplasia-should-drug-interaction-be-blamed-for
#6
Pramod Kumar Sharma, Arup Kumar Misra, Ankita Chugh, Vinay Kumar Chugh, Nitesh Gonnade, Surjit Singh
Gingival overgrowth (GO) is one of the common findings in clinical practice. There could be several causes including drugs associated with the GO. Carbamazepine (CBZ) and amlodipine are the drugs which are infrequently documented as a cause in inducing the gingival hyperplasia. Certain drugs in the body fluid might limit the population of plaque bacteria and alter their metabolism that in turn induce the inflammatory mediators and also activate the genetic and biochemical factors responsible for gingival fibroblast growth...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032402/interaction-between-chlorhexidine-and-fluoride-in-a-mouthrinse-solution-a-4-day-and-6-week-randomized-clinical-pilot-study
#7
Oscar Villa, Per Ramberg, Hidekazu Fukui, Claes-Göran Emilson, Georgios Papanikolaou, Lars Heijl, Dowen Birkhed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present investigation was to study if there is a reduced clinical effect and fluoride retention of a mouthrinse solution containing both chlorhexidine (CHX) and sodium fluoride (NaF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two clinical trials were designed as double-blind, randomized, cross-over studies. In study I, 16 healthy subjects were asked to rinse twice daily for 1 min during 4 days of no tooth brushing with four solutions: (1) 0.12% CHX + 0...
October 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032048/cytokine-profile-changes-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-after-placement-different-brackets-types
#8
Ana Zilda Nazar Bergamo, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Cássio do Nascimento, Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin, Márcio Zaffalon Casati, Marcela Cristina Damião Andrucioli, Érika Calvano Kuchler, Daniele Lucca Longo, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva, Mírian Aiko Nakane Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between bracket design and ratio of five proinflammatory cytokine, in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), and bacterial adhesion without tooth movement influence. DESIGN: The sample was comprised of 20 participants, aged 11 to 15 years old (mean age: 13.3 years±1.03). A conventional Gemini™ metallic bracket and two self-ligating brackets, In-Ovation(®)R and SmartClip™, were bonded to the maxillary incisors and canines...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031949/evaluation-of-irimedadi-taila-as-an-adjunctive-in-treating-plaque-induced-gingivitis
#9
Shweta Patil, Siddhartha A Varma, Girish Suragimath, Keshava Abbayya, Sameer A Zope, Vishwajeet Kale
BACKGROUND: Ayurvedic drugs have been used since ancient times to treat diseases including periodontal diseases. Oral rinses made from ayurvedic medicines are used in periodontal therapy to control bleeding and reduce inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of herbal preparation (Irimedadi taila) on reduction of plaque induced gingivitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 volunteers with clinical signs of mild to moderate gingivitis were selected and assigned to Group A (only scaling done) and Group B (scaling along with the use of Irimedadi taila)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031240/colonization-of-oropharynx-and-lower-respiratory-tract-in-critical-patients-risk-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#10
Ivany Machado de Carvalho Baptista, Frederico Canato Martinho, Gustavo Giacomelli Nascimento, Carlos Eduardo da Rocha Santos, Renata Falchete do Prado, Marcia Carneiro Valera
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the microbial diversity existing in oral cavity and respiratory tract samples (from mini-bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), endotracheal aspirate, and orotracheal tube) of patients on mechanical ventilation by using the checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridisation. Also, the study aimed to evaluate whether the microbial profile in the oral cavity is found in respiratory tract samples, at different periods of mechanical ventilation time (12h, 48h, 96h) in attempt to identification of relationship between VAP (ventilator-associated pneumonia) and bacterial species studied...
October 2, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031239/probiotic-intervention-influences-the-salivary-levels-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-mmp-9-and-tissue-inhibitor-of-metalloproteinases-timp-1-in-healthy-adults
#11
Heli Jäsberg, Taina Tervahartiala, Timo Sorsa, Eva Söderling, Anna Haukioja
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of orally administered Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG on the salivary levels of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP)-8, MMP-9 and of Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 in healthy adults. Furthermore, the correlations between MMP-8, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 and plaque and gingival indices, salivary mutans streptococci and lactobacilli counts, and stimulated saliva secretion rate were analysed. DESIGN: The salivary samples originated from a randomized controlled trial where healthy student volunteers consumed probiotic or placebo lozenges twice a day for four weeks...
October 7, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031238/the-effect-of-supragingival-biofilm-re-development-on-the-subgingival-microbiota-in-chronic-periodontitis
#12
Fátima Aparecida Rocha Resende Hartenbach, Carina Maciel Silva-Boghossian, Ana Paula Vieira Colombo
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we hypothesized that in the absence of oral hygiene, re-growth of the climax microbial communities of supra and subgingival biofilm happens in a faster and more intense fashion in individuals with chronic periodontitis (CP) compared to periodontally healthy controls (PH). DESIGN: Thirty patients (PH=15 and CP=15) received professional supragingival prophylaxis, and were asked to refrain from oral hygiene for 7days. Supra and subgingival biofilm samples and GCF were collected from randomly selected quadrants at baseline (before prophylaxis), immediately after prophylaxis, 2h, 6h, 24h, and 7days after prophylaxis...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028424/unique-tailoring-of-th17-at-the-gingival-oral-mucosal-barrier
#13
J E Konkel, N M Moutsopoulos
Our recent work highlights unique requirements for the induction of Th17 cells at the oral/gingival mucosal barrier. Unlike other barrier sites, such as the skin and gastrointestinal tract, we found that Th17 cells can develop at the gingiva independently of commensal microbiota colonization. Instead, we identified that damage, which occurs physiologically due to mastication, promotes induction of Th17 cells and tones homeostatic immunity at the gingiva.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026845/osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-in-patient-received-bisphosphonates-and-sunitinib-separately-a-case-report
#14
Farzaneh Ashrafi, Ali Derakhshandeh, Bijan Movahedian, Azadeh Moghaddas
Recently published reports have suggested that antiangiogenic drugs such as sunitinib could potentiate the osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) induced by bisphosphonates (BPs) and even induce this adverse effect per se. We reported a case of ONJ with renal cell carcinoma under sunitinib medication and history of BPs therapy. A 53-year-old man was referred to the oral surgery clinic complaining of painful exposed oral lesion and bone extraction from right lower jaw in the mouth. He underwent nephrectomy followed by 5 months treatment with cycles of 50 mg sunitinib (Sutent(®)) once a day for 4 weeks followed by 2 weeks drug free before lesion exposure in October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026699/comparison-of-the-clinical-biological-width-with-the-published-standard-histologic-mean-values
#15
Fatme Mouchref Hamasni, Fady El Hajj
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Biologic width (BW) as defined by Cohen is the part of the supracrestal gingival tissues that occupy the space between the base of the gingival crevice and the alveolar crest; it includes the junctional epithelium and the connective tissue element. Interactions between dental crowns and the marginal periodontal tissues analyzed in many review papers concluded that the recognition of the BW, in terms of crown margin placement, is beneficial for periodontal health. Therefore, knowledge of the dimensions of the sum of the junctional epithelium and connective tissue attachment as well as the sulcus depth (SD) is of clinical relevance...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026579/amlodipine-induced-gingival-enlargement
#16
Abhilash Koratala, Indirakshi Jamalpur, Harikrishna Reddy Mogili
The three most common classes of medications implicated in drug-induced gum enlargement are anticonvulsives, calcineurin inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers. Treatment primarily consists of withdrawing the offending agent whenever possible, in addition to maintaining good oral hygiene. Gingivectomy or flap surgery may be needed in resistant cases.
October 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026519/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-in-familial-gingival-fibromatosis-a-rare-case-report
#17
Dilasma Ghartimagar, Ujjwal Koirala, Arnab Ghosh, Manish Kiran Shrestha, Sushma Thapa, Raghavan Narasimhan, O P Talwar
Familial gingival fibromatosis is a rare hereditary condition due to chromosomal abnormality which can occur as an isolated disease or as part of a syndrome and has an incidence of 1:350 000. This condition leads to esthetic, functional, psychological and masticatory disturbance of the oral cavity. Here, we present a case of 21-year-old female with severe enlargement of gums in maxilla and mandible. Deciduous teeth were erupted at normal age but the permanent teeth in the oral cavity were not erupted. Her grandmother, father and younger sister were also affected with the same condition...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024797/nlrx1-modulates-differentially-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-during-fusobacterium-nucleatum-infection
#18
Shu-Chen Hung, Pei-Rong Huang, Cássio Luiz Coutinho Almeida-da-Silva, Kalina R Atanasova, Ozlem Yilmaz, David M Ojcius
NOD-like receptors (NLRs) play a large role in regulation of host innate immunity, yet their role in periodontitis remains to be defined. NLRX1, a member of the NLR family that localizes to mitochondria, enhances mitochondrial ROS (mROS) generation. mROS can activate the NLRP3 inflammasome, yet the role of NLRX1 in NLRP3 inflammasome activation has not been examined. In this study, we revealed the mechanism by which NLRX1 positively regulates ATP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation through mROS in gingival epithelial cells (GECs)...
October 9, 2017: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024129/efficacy-of-vitamins-e-and-c-for-reversing-the-cytotoxic-effects-of-nicotine-and-cotinine
#19
Maryam Torshabi, Zeinab Rezaei Esfahrood, Mahshid Jamshidi, Abbas Mansuri Torshizi, Samira Sotoudeh
Nicotine has adverse cellular and molecular effects on oral mucosa, bone, and teeth. Vitamin E (α-tocopherol) and vitamin C (ascorbic acid) are biological antioxidants with positive effects on wound healing and bone formation. This in vitro study sought to assess the cytotoxic effects of different concentrations of nicotine and cotinine (a metabolite of nicotine) on MG-63 osteoblast-like cells and human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) in the presence and absence of antioxidant vitamins E and C (separately and combined)...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023779/a-new-system-for-classifying-tooth-root-and-canal-anomaly
#20
REVIEW
H M A Ahmed, P M H Dummer
Understanding the normal anatomical features as well as the more unusual developmental anomalies of teeth, roots and root canals is essential for successful root canal treatment. In addition to various types of root canal configuration and accessory canal morphology, a wide range of developmental tooth, root and canal anomalies exist, including C-shaped canals, dens invaginatus, taurodontism, root fusion, dilacerations, palato-gingival grooves. There is a direct association between developmental anomalies and pulp and periradicular diseases that usually requires a multidisciplinary treatment approach to achieve a successful outcome...
October 12, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
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