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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728082/oral-infections-comorbidities-and-sensory-evidences-in-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#1
Nathalia Santos Viana Silva, Luciana Alvarenga da Silva, Omar Jaluul, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Oral infections affect the general health and overlap with chronic diseases due to infectious-immune mechanisms. On the other side, sensory abnormalities may be symptoms of this association. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of oral infections, comorbidities, health parameters and sensory abnormalities in elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty (30) elderly with mean age 70.4 yo, distributed according to ages were evaluated with a protocol that included demographics, comorbidities, medications, laboratory tests, blood pressure, heart rate, mini-mental state examination, clinical oral evaluation and systematized sensory testing (gustative, olfactory, thermal, mechanical and pain thresholds)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727465/clinical-management-of-type-3-recession-defects-with-immediate-implant-and-provisional-restoration-therapy-a-case-report
#2
Dennis P Tarnow, Stephen J Chu
Type 3 extraction sockets present a unique challenge in that they possess gingival recession indicative of facial hard- and soft-tissue loss. When teeth present with prior disease requiring removal and implant replacement, the treatment strategy incorporates palatal implant positioning as well as proper restorative contour management to compensate for the recession defect, thereby allowing the gingival tissues to heal in the correct 3-dimensional position. This article describes the case of a patient with a nonrestorable maxillary right central incisor with internal resorption...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727464/cutting-edge-implant-rehabilitation-design-and-management-a-tapered-abutment-approach
#3
Xavier Rodríguez, Xavier Vela, Maribel Segalà
Soft-tissue recession around an implant rehabilitation over time has been considered a physiologic phenomenon. The divergent profile of the abutment and the abutment's dis/reconnections are the most critical predisposing and precipitating factors regarding such gingival recession. Recent publications have discussed how tapered and marginless abutments that allow no disconnections and increase soft-tissue thickness could prevent implant rehabilitations from experiencing gingival recession. The objective of this article is to demonstrate the biologic rationale of tissue behavior surrounding tapered abutments and their clinical application...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727462/tridimensional-reconstruction-of-a-complex-iatrogenic-defect-using-orthodontic-forced-eruption-and-minimally-invasive-bone-grafting
#4
Ernesto A Lee
As the use of dental implants has become more common, so has the frequency of complications and unforeseen outcomes. This article describes the treatment of a complex iatrogenic defect secondary to a failed implant (No. 7) and multiple bone-grafting attempts in the maxillary anterior region. The patient's revealing smile line and high-risk circumstances demanded the use of an interdisciplinary treatment approach with high potential for predictable esthetic results. Forced eruption was performed to restore the alveolar height deficit and develop the compromised hard and soft tissues around teeth Nos...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727461/risk-indicators-and-prevention-of-implant-soft-tissue-complications-interproximal-papillae-loss-and-midfacial-implant-mucosal-recessions
#5
James Mailoa, Richard J Miron, Hom-Lay Wang
Achieving a long-term esthetic implant restoration in the maxillary anterior area is sometimes unpredictable. This article reviews several risk indicators of implant mucosal recession and loss of interproximal papillae, and how to prevent these risks. Results obtained from the literature suggest that the following factors are strongly related to implant soft-tissue complications: buccally positioned implant placement, a thin gingival biotype, lack of an adequate amount of keratinized mucosa, implant placement after ridge augmentation procedures, an increased distance of tooth bone peak to the contact point, and an inadequate horizontal implant-tooth distance...
July 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727239/how-to-differentiate-congenital-from-noncongenital-chronic-neutropenia-at-the-first-medical-examination-proposal-of-score-a-pilot-study-from-the-french-severe-chronic-neutropenia-registry
#6
Naim Bejjani, Blandine Beaupain, Yves Bertrand, Christine Bellanne-Chantelot, Jean Donadieu
OBJECTIVES: We developed a diagnostic score to differentiate congenital from noncongenital neutropenia at the time of diagnosis using reliable data collected at the first visit of a patients with neutropenia. STUDY DESIGN: In a pilot retrospective study, we included 120 patients diagnosed with chronic neutropenia; 61 had congenital and 59 had noncongenital neutropenia. We reviewed patient medical charts and collected the initial complete blood count (CBC) and other reliable data...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727170/entire-papilla-preservation-technique-in-the-regenerative-treatment-of-deep-intrabony-defects-1-year-results
#7
Serhat Aslan, Nurcan Buduneli, Pierpaolo Cortellini
AIM: This study evaluates the clinical performance of a novel tunnel-like surgical technique in the treatment of isolated deep intrabony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients presenting with at least one isolated deep intrabony defect received regenerative periodontal treatment with "entire papilla preservation" technique. Access to the intrabony defect for debridement was provided by a bevelled vertical releasing incision positioned in the buccal gingiva of the neighbouring interdental space...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725637/opportunistic-pathogen-porphyromonas-gingivalis-modulates-danger-signal-atp-mediated-antibacterial-nox2-pathways-in-primary-epithelial-cells
#8
JoAnn S Roberts, Kalina R Atanasova, Jungnam Lee, Gill Diamond, Jeff Deguzman, Chul Hee Choi, Özlem Yilmaz
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major opportunistic pathogen in the etiology of chronic periodontitis, successfully survives in human gingival epithelial cells (GECs). P. gingivalis abrogates the effects of a host danger molecule, extracellular ATP (eATP)/P2X7 signaling, such as the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) via the mitochondria and NADPH oxidases (NOX) from primary GECs. However, antimicrobial functions of ROS production are thoroughly investigated in myeloid-lineage immune cells and have not been well-understood in epithelial cells...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724863/factors-associated-with-number-of-present-teeth-in-adults-in-japanese-urban-city
#9
Tsukasa Kurahashi, Miki Kitagawa, Takashi Matsukubo
The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were associated with number of present teeth (PT) in older adults as their clarification might contribute to maintaining the number of PT in this population. These factors were investigated by means of a questionnaire on oral health condition, general health behavior, and anamnesis of diabetes mellitus together with a dental examination. Data were obtained from a total of 7,741 Japanese subjects (2,623 males and 5,118 females), all of whom were aged 40, 50, or 60 years...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722004/oral-gingival-metastasis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#10
Nalini Aswath, Chandrakanth Balakrishnan, Vidyarani Shyamsundar, Sarumathi Thirrugnanamurthy
Oral cavity is a rare target for metastasis with an incidence of 1% among all oral cancers. In 24% of such cases, oral metastasis is the first indication of an undiagnosed primary. Metastatic oral malignancies have been reported in the mandible, tongue, and gingiva. Although gingival metastasis has been reported from lung, prostate, rectal carcinoma in men and carcinoma of breast, adrenal glands, and genitalia in females, gingival metastasis from carcinoma of the penis has not been reported. Herein, a case of metastatic gingival carcinoma that developed after extraction of teeth from primary carcinoma of the penis is presented...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721992/comparative-evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-intra-pocket-anesthetic-gel-and-injected-local-anesthesia-during-scaling-and-root-planing-a-split-mouth-clinical-trial
#11
Kalyan Chintala, Sandhya Pavan Kumar, K Raja V Murthy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Pain control is an important outcome measure for successful periodontal therapy. Injected local anesthesia has been used to secure anesthesia for scaling and root planing (SRP) and continues to be the anesthetic of choice for pain control. Alternatively, intra-pocket anesthetic gel has been used as an anesthetic during SRP. Hence, this clinical trial was done to compare the effectiveness of intra-pocket anesthetic gel and injected local anesthesia during SRP and also to assess the influence of intra-pocket anesthetic gel on treatment outcomes in chronic periodontitis patients...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721668/quantitative-analysis-of-s-mutans-lactobacillus-and-bifidobacterium-found-in-initial-and-mature-plaques-in-thai-children-with-early-childhood-caries
#12
K Mitrakul, S Chanvitan, A Jeamset, K Vongsawan
AIMS: To quantify Streptococcus mutans, lactobacillus and bifidobacterium in initial and mature plaque collected from children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) and caries-free (CF) groups and to analyse the association between these bacteria and caries-related factors in each group. STUDY DESIGN: A collection of 120 initial and overnight supra-gingival plaques were collected from Thai children aged 2-5 years-old (S-ECC = 60, CF = 60). Plaque, gingival indices and decayed, missing, filled tooth (dmft) scores were recorded...
July 18, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721329/effect-of-different-crown-materials-on-the-interleukin-one-beta-content-of-gingival-crevicular-fluid-in-endodontically-treated-molars-an-original-research
#13
Prathibha Saravanakumar, Padmanabhan Thallam Veeravalli, Anand Kumar V, Kasim Mohamed, Umamaheswari Mani, Manita Grover, Saravanan Thirumalai Thangarajan
INTRODUCTION: Crown materials used in fixed prosthodontics come into close and prolonged contact with the gingiva. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of different crown materials on the interleukin-one beta (IL-1β) content of the gingival crevicular fluid and to study which crown material causes the highest inflammation on the marginal gingiva on a biochemical basis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with single endodontically treated tooth were examined...
June 16, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717879/comparison-of-the-effect-of-activated-or-non-activated-prp-in-various-concentrations-on-osteoblast-and-fibroblast-cell-line-proliferation
#14
Surena Vahabi, Zahra Yadegari, Hossein Mohammad-Rahimi
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) contains growth factors which positively affect cell proliferation, cell differentiation, chemotaxis and intracellular matrix synthesis. All these processes are involved in wound healing and tissue regeneration; thus, PRP as a source of growth factors can be used in periodontal regenerative therapies. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of various concentrations of activated and non-activated PRP on proliferation of osteoblasts and fibroblasts in vitro. PRP was obtained from three healthy volunteers...
July 17, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717791/residual-root-preparation-%C3%A2-for-socket-shield-procedures-%C3%A2-a-facial-window-approach
#15
Phillip Roe, Joseph Y K Kan, Kitichai Rungcharassaeng
Two common complications that occur following immediate implant placement and provisionalization procedures in the anterior maxilla are changes to the facial periimplant soft tissue levels and the facial contours. To counteract these changes, different techniques and treatments have been recommended. The recently introduced socket-shield technique (SST) appears to be a viable treatment option for stabilizing the facial osseous and gingival architecture; however, preparation of the root fragment can present challenges...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717790/soft-and-hard-tissue-response-%C3%A2-to-an-implant-with-a-convergent-%C3%A2-collar-in-the-esthetic-area-%C3%A2-preliminary-report-at-18-months
#16
Luigi Canullo, Marco Tallarico, Guillermo Pradies, Fabio Marinotti, Ignazio Loi, Roberto Cocchetto
AIM: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to investigate, over an 18-month period, soft and hard tissue response to a transmucosal implant with a convergent collar inserted in the anterior maxillary esthetic area. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to January 2014, 14 consecutive patients were enrolled (7 men and 7 women; mean age 63.7 ± 14 years) with 20 implants, needing at least one implant-supported restoration between the canines in the maxillary anterior esthetic area...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715092/the-origins-of-oral-medicine-in-the-hippocratic-collected-works
#17
REVIEW
Helen Askitopoulou, Vasileia Nyktari, Alexandra Papaioannou, Georgios Stefanakis, Elina Konsolaki
The collected works of Hippocrates describe for the first time in a systematic way a large number of oral diseases, such as ulcers, inflammations, abscesses and tumours from the epiglottis, mouth, tongue, palate, uvula and the sublingual area. Several of these case reports are remarkable for the accurate observation of clinical symptoms and signs, the aetiology, the pathogenesis and their therapeutic approach in relation to prognosis. The Hippocratic authors report cases of 'aphthae' as part of a polysystemic disease, described many centuries later by Behçet and Adamantiades, while they associate features of splenomegaly from endemic malaria with gingivitis ('ulitis')...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713766/comparative-evaluation-of-antiplaque-efficacy-between-essential-oils-with-alcohol-based-and-chlorhexidine-with-nonalcohol-based-mouthrinses
#18
Prasad Kulkarni, Dhirendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed Jalaluddin, Arnab Mandal
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the antiplaque efficacy of alcohol-based mouthwash with essential oils and nonalcohol-based chlorhexidine mouthrinse in 4 days plaque re-formation study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current research paper is double-blinded, parallel designed clinical trial that was conducted in the Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar. This included ninety dental students of Bachelor of Dental Surgery curriculum (in the age range from 20 to 24 years) Professional cleaning with scaling and polishing was carried out to acquire a zero plaque and gingival index (GI) for all ninety patients at baseline...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713645/effects-of-a-novel-disc-formulation-on-dry-mouth-symptoms-and-enamel-remineralization-in-patients-with-hyposalivation-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Jessica Ho, Miracle Vania Firmalino, Afarin Golabgir Anbarani, Thair Takesh, Joel Epstein, Petra Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to identify the in vivo effects in patients with hyposalivation of a novel slowly dissolving adhering test disc upon on enamel remineralization, oral biofilm, salivary production, pH and buffering, gingival health, and on self-evaluation of oral well-being. METHODS: Five subjects with xerostomia wore custom made retainers carrying 5 demineralized enamel chips for periods of 1 week each. In 1 study arm, subjects used the test agent plus oral hygiene self-care; in the other they used oral hygiene self-care only, with a 1 week washout in between arms...
February 2017: Dentistry: Current Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713600/periodontics-implantology-and-prosthodontics-integrated-the-zenith-driven-rehabilitation
#20
Fausto Frizzera, Mateus Tonetto, Guilherme Cabral, Jamil Awad Shibli, Elcio Marcantonio
A customized treatment plan is important to reach results that will satisfy the patient providing esthetics, function, and long-term stability. This type of oral rehabilitation requires professionals from different dental specialties where communication is a major key point. Digital Smile Design allows the practitioners to plan and discuss the patient's condition to establish the proper treatment plan, which must be driven by the desired zenith position. The ideal gingival position will guide the professionals and determine the need to perform surgical procedures or orthodontic movement before placing the final restorations...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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