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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729592/refugees-addressing-the-burden-of-oral-disease-through-prevention
#1
K Zaheer, S Sheikh, O U Khalid, Z Rizvi
In February 2017 a cohort of dental students travelled to Athens, Greece where they assisted in providing dental care to refugees and conducted oral hygiene workshops in Skaramagas Refugee camp. With respect to patient presentation, caries was found to be extremely prevalent due to patient diet, accessibility to care and oral hygiene practices. Due to the extensive nature of the work, time constraints and resource availability focus was directed on reducing disease burden through prevention. This article explores the challenges of delivering preventative treatment as well as its advantage over conventional therapeutic care in the context of a humanitarian crisis...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729310/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-caries-experience-care-level-and-dental-attendance-in-primary-school-children-in-belgium-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Martijn J Lambert, Jacques S N Vanobbergen, Luc C Martens, Luc M J De Visschere
OBJECTIVES: Oral health inequality in children is a widespread and well-documented problem in oral healthcare. However, objective and reliable methods to determine these inequalities in all oral health aspects, including both dental attendance and oral health, are rather scarce. AIMS: To explore oral health inequalities and to assess the impact of socioeconomic factors on oral health, oral health behaviour and dental compliance of primary school children. METHODS: Data collection was executed in 2014 within a sample of 2216 children in 105 primary schools in Flanders, by means of an oral examination and a validated questionnaire...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724863/factors-associated-with-number-of-present-teeth-in-adults-in-japanese-urban-city
#3
Tsukasa Kurahashi, Miki Kitagawa, Takashi Matsukubo
The purpose of this study was to identify which factors were associated with number of present teeth (PT) in older adults as their clarification might contribute to maintaining the number of PT in this population. These factors were investigated by means of a questionnaire on oral health condition, general health behavior, and anamnesis of diabetes mellitus together with a dental examination. Data were obtained from a total of 7,741 Japanese subjects (2,623 males and 5,118 females), all of whom were aged 40, 50, or 60 years...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718462/-preventive-dentistry-7-getting-rid-of-halitosis
#4
T M H de Jong, M L Laine
Halitosis or bad breath is a problem that affects many people and its source is generally found in the oral cavity (intra-oral halitosis). Bacteria in the oral cavity produce volatile sulphur compounds such as hydrogen sulphide and methyl mercaptan that not only emit an unpleasant odour, but may also have toxic effects on the periodontal tissues. Good oral hygiene, a healthy periodontium and healthy teeth are the basis for the prevention of intra-oral halitosis and dentists and dental hygienists therefore play an essential role in its prevention...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715040/-taste-dysfunction-dysgeusia-and-radioiodine-therapy-of-thyroid-cancer-be-aware-of-side-effects-by-antidepressants-and-sedatives
#5
Markus Dietlein, Alexander Drzezga
In addition to xerostomia, taste dysfunction (hypo-, dysgeusia) is an independent side effect of radioiodine therapy of thyroid cancer. Hypogeusia results from damage of the small mucous salivary glands in the vicinity of the taste buds. Particularly in those patients, who are treated with drugs such as antidepressants or sedatives, taste dysfunction becomes frequently clinically symptomatic. If feasible, therapy regimens bearing a potential risk for taste dysfunction should be switched. Additional damage to taste function should be minimalized, including cessation of smoking, change of agents for dental hygiene, and change of toothpaste...
July 17, 2017: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713765/prevalence-of-periodontal-pathogens-in-a-group-of-participants-from-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-geographic-region-with-minimal-periodontal-disease
#6
Zoubeida Al Yahfoufi, Wahib Hadchiti
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of the three putative periodontal pathogens such as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. a), Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. g), and Prevotella intermedia (P. i) in a group of Arab participants from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region who had minimal periodontal disease and no history of periodontal treatment and further to analyze the association among these three microorganisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four participants of varied demographics and oral/dental care habits were screened for this study...
June 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713645/effects-of-a-novel-disc-formulation-on-dry-mouth-symptoms-and-enamel-remineralization-in-patients-with-hyposalivation-an-in-vivo-study
#7
Jessica Ho, Miracle Vania Firmalino, Afarin Golabgir Anbarani, Thair Takesh, Joel Epstein, Petra Wilder-Smith
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to identify the in vivo effects in patients with hyposalivation of a novel slowly dissolving adhering test disc upon on enamel remineralization, oral biofilm, salivary production, pH and buffering, gingival health, and on self-evaluation of oral well-being. METHODS: Five subjects with xerostomia wore custom made retainers carrying 5 demineralized enamel chips for periods of 1 week each. In 1 study arm, subjects used the test agent plus oral hygiene self-care; in the other they used oral hygiene self-care only, with a 1 week washout in between arms...
February 2017: Dentistry: Current Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713085/-the-dependence-of-the-marginal-adaptation-of-composite-fillings-in-caries-cavities-of-class-ii-by-black-on-the-state-of-oral-hygiene-and-intensity-of-caries
#8
Елена В Павленкова, Ирина М Ткаченко, Алла И Сидорова, Светлана А Павленко
INTRODUCTION: The problem of treatment of dental caries by fillings in dentistry is the key point in dentistry. Thus the main issue is the long-term functioning of the restorations. Particularly acute, this problem in the reduction of cavities class II according to Black, where the pressure on the filling is sufficiently high. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was examined and treated 87 patients with different levels of oral hygiene of oral cavity and caries of varying intensity and whom 186 defects of hard tissues of teeth class II Black were fitted...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710202/a-motivational-interview-intervention-delivered-at-home-to-improve-the-oral-health-literacy-and-reduce-the-morbidity-of-chilean-disadvantaged-families-a-study-protocol-for-a-community-trial
#9
Ricardo Cartes-Velasquez, Carlos Araya, Raúl Flores, Luis Luengo, Francisca Castillo, Alex Bustos
INTRODUCTION: Oral health education/promotion interventions have been identified as cost-efficient tools to improve the oral health of the population. These interventions are regularly made in contexts where the target population is captive, for example, in health centres. In Chile, there are no oral health interventions delivered at home. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This community trial covers two disadvantaged urban areas in the province of Concepción. Both sectors have public preschool education coverage with a traditional programme (TP) to promote oral health...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708273/pediatric-obesity-related-curricular-content-and-training-in-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-systematic-review-and-recommendations
#10
Kimon Divaris, Vaishnavi Bhaskar, Kathleen A McGraw
OBJECTIVES: The authors conducted a systematic review to determine: a) What dental schools and dental hygiene programs are doing to promote knowledge and skills related to addressing childhood obesity and to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and b) What else these schools and programs could do to better equip future oral health professionals to address childhood obesity and reduce consumption of SSBs. METHODS: The authors searched PubMed, Scopus, Education Full Text (EBSCOHost), and ERIC (EBSCOHost) to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting on obesity or dietetic-related curricula in dental and dental hygiene education within the last 20 years...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702060/oral-health-status-salivary-ph-status-and-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaques-and-saliva-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Romina Mazaheri, Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elnaz Ghasemi, Elahe Akkafzadeh, Elmira Poursaeid
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 23% of all malignancies in children, is the most prevalent pediatric malignancy. This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status, salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemia with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control cross-sectional study assessed 32 children with ALL and 32 healthy children (4-9-year-old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, and filled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI)...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701058/attitudes-and-behavioural-factors-relating-to-toothbrushing-and-the-use-of-fluoride-toothpaste-among-caries-active-swedish-adolescents-a-questionnaire-study
#12
Anna Nordström, Dowen Birkhed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify attitudes and behaviour relating to fluoride toothpaste and toothbrushing habits among caries-active Swedish adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on an earlier clinical, two-year toothpaste intervention study. At the last appointment, 206 adolescents (of 211) answered a questionnaire comprising nine semi-closed questions. RESULTS: The majority (93%) brushed their teeth every day, while 7% did so only occasionally...
July 12, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#13
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685149/factors-associated-with-dental-pain-in-mexican-schoolchildren-aged-6-to-12-years
#14
Mauricio Escoffié-Ramirez, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Elena Saraí Baena-Santillan, Fernando Aguilar-Ayala, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, María de Lourdes Márquez-Corona, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís
OBJECTIVE: To identify dental pain prevalence and associated factors in Mexican schoolchildren. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,404 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years from public schools in the city of Pachuca de Soto, Hidalgo, Mexico. Data were collected through a questionnaire that addressed sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors, eating and dental hygiene habits, and behavior variables. The dependent variable was self-reported dental pain in the 12 months prior to the survey...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684841/are-people-with-an-orofacial-cleft-at-a-higher-risk-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
V Worth, R Perry, T Ireland, A K Wills, J Sandy, A Ness
Objective To establish whether children born with an orofacial cleft have a higher risk of dental caries than individuals without cleft.Design A systematic review and meta-analysisMethods The search strategy was based on the key words 'cleft lip palate' and 'oral hygiene caries decay'. Ten databases were searched from their inception to April 2016 to identify all relevant studies. All data were extracted by two independent reviewers. The primary outcome measure was caries measured by the decayed, missing, filled surfaces/teeth index (dmfs/dmft or DMFS/DMFT)...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684834/does-stress-in-a-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-undergraduate-programme-contribute-to-a-sense-of-well-being-in-the-students
#16
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Hughes, D R Radford
Aims To use a qualitative approach to further explore the stress and well-being of dental hygiene and dental therapy students (DHDTS) during their undergraduate training.Subjects and methods Semi-structured individual interviews to explore motivation, goals, and perceived stress, were conducted with eight DHDTS from across all three years of study at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA). Thematic analysis of the data was undertaken using Braun and Clarke's (2006) six phases of thematic analysis...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684825/stress-not-always-a-bad-thing
#17
(no author information available yet)
Does stress in a dental hygiene and dental therapy undergraduate programme contribute to a sense of well-being in the students?
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680810/fluoride-resistance-capacity-in-mammalian-cells-involves-complex-global-gene-expression-changes
#18
Shujun Ran, Ning Sun, Yun Liu, Wu Zhang, Yiming Li, Limin Wei, Jia Wang, Bin Liu
Fluorine is a bone-seeking element ubiquitously present in the environment and widely used in many oral hygiene products. In humans, excessive intake of fluoride may cause dental and skeletal fluorosis. However, endemic fluorosis does not appear to develop in a proportion of individuals exposed to the same levels of fluoride. The mechanisms by which mammalian cells resist fluoride are still unclear. In this study, we developed strains of mouse L-929 cells resistant to different levels of fluoride. High-throughput RNA-sequencing analyses of the fluoride-resistant L-929 cells indicated that massive changes in global gene expression occurred, compared with the wild-type L-929 cells...
July 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678966/efficacy-of-two-mouthwashes-with-cetylpyridinium-chloride-a-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Cassiano Kuchenbecker Rösing, Juliano Cavagni, Eduardo José Gaio, Francisco Wilker Mustafa Gomes Muniz, Nicolle Ranzan, Harry Juan Rivera Oballe, Stephanie Anagnostopoulos Friedrich, Raísa Maldonado Severo, Bernal Stewart, Yun Po Zhang
This study aimed to evaluate the anti-plaque and anti-gingivitis effects of two mouthwashes containing cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), in comparison to negative control mouthwash. One hundred and twenty subjects were randomly assigned to study groups: test (0.075% CPC and 0.28% zinc lactate), positive control (0.07% CPC) and negative control mouthwash without CPC. All volunteers were examined by a calibrated examiner for the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (Turesky modification) and Löe-Silness Gingival Index (GI)...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676902/finding-an-upper-limit-of-what-might-be-achievable-by-patients-oral-cleanliness-in-dental-professionals-after-self-performed-manual-oral-hygiene
#20
Renate Deinzer, René Schmidt, Daniela Harnacke, Jörg Meyle, Dirk Ziebolz, Thomas Hoffmann, Bernd Wöstmann
AIMS: Though patients have been shown to have difficulties in achieving oral cleanliness after self-performed oral hygiene, scientifically and empirically justified standards for the degree of oral cleanliness they should achieve are lacking. Oral cleanliness of dental staff was therefore assessed as an indicator of what might be an upper limit of what can be expected by patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a multicentre study, N = 64 university dentists, N = 33 dental students and N = 30 dental assistants were asked to perform manual oral hygiene to the best of their abilities...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
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