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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816196/denture-hygiene-knowledge-and-practices-among-complete-denture-wearers-attending-a-postgraduate-dental-institute
#1
Thatapudi Shankar, Snigdha Gowd, Vinay Suresan, Sneha Mantri, Sudhanshu Saxena, Prateek Mishra, Pragya Panday
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the denture hygiene knowledge and practices among patients using complete dentures attending a postgraduate dental hospital in Jabalpur city. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between hygiene knowledge and practices to the denture wearer's gender, education, and income. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire involving the complete denture patients attending the Department of Prosthodontics...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815661/effectiveness-of-oral-health-education-on-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-in-schoolchildren-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Caroline Stein, Nathália Maria Lopes Santos, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Fernando Neves Hugo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of oral health educational actions in the school context in improving oral hygiene and dental caries in schoolchildren through systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Clinical trials with schoolchildren between 5 and 18 years old were included. Eligible studies were those which had as outcomes caries, plaque accumulation, gingivitis, toothache or tooth loss and which had been published from 1995 to 2015, in any language...
August 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810984/impact-of-a-7-day-field-training-on-oral-health-condition-in-japan-ground-self-defense-force-personnel
#3
Koji Yamashita, Takeshi Nishiyama, Emi Nagata, Atik Ramadhani, Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa, Takahiko Oho
INTRODUCTION: In the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), personnel periodically perform intensive training that mimics the conditions seen in battle and during natural disasters. Military training involves intensive, stressful conditions, and changes in immune responses have been found in personnel following training. Good oral condition is important for military personnel to fulfill their duties; however, they have difficulty performing daily oral care under training conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808691/fluoride-depletes-acidogenic-taxa-in-oral-but-not-gut-microbial-communities-in-mice
#4
Koji Yasuda, Tiffany Hsu, Carey A Gallini, Lauren J Mclver, Emma Schwager, Andy Shi, Casey R DuLong, Randall N Schwager, Galeb S Abu-Ali, Eric A Franzosa, Wendy S Garrett, Curtis Huttenhower, Xochitl C Morgan
Fluoridation of drinking water and dental products prevents dental caries primarily by inhibiting energy harvest in oral cariogenic bacteria (such as Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis), thus leading to their depletion. However, the extent to which oral and gut microbial communities are affected by host fluoride exposure has been underexplored. In this study, we modeled human fluoride exposures to municipal water and dental products by treating mice with low or high levels of fluoride over a 12-week period...
July 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805207/periodontal-diseases
#5
REVIEW
Denis F Kinane, Panagiota G Stathopoulou, Panos N Papapanou
Periodontal diseases comprise a wide range of inflammatory conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth (the gingiva, bone and periodontal ligament), which could lead to tooth loss and contribute to systemic inflammation. Chronic periodontitis predominantly affects adults, but aggressive periodontitis may occasionally occur in children. Periodontal disease initiation and propagation is through a dysbiosis of the commensal oral microbiota (dental plaque), which then interacts with the immune defences of the host, leading to inflammation and disease...
June 22, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804672/necessity-of-oral-health-intervention-in-schizophrenic-patients-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Swati Gupta, Pratibha Pk, Richa Gupta
Individuals with mental illness often cannot perform day to day activities due to a psychiatric or emotional disorder. Schizophrenia is one such psychiatric disorder characterized by worsening self-care ability with progressing mental illness. This disease may potentially deteriorate oral health by affecting the subject's ability to perform oral hygiene measures. Literature on oral disease manifestations in schizophrenia is limited. Lack of desire for oral health care as well as generally poor awareness of oral health issues in these patients, compounded further by side effects of medications, may complicate dental management in schizophrenic patients...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800670/-oral-health-and-pregnancy-patient-survey-using-a-questionnaire
#7
Tobias Odermatt, Andreas Schötzau, Irene Hoesli
Introduction and Hypothesis This study investigated how well pregnant patients were informed about the causes and effects of gingivitis during pregnancy. Factors such as age, level of education and nationality were taken into account. Data was collected for the overall oral hygiene of the patients and differences between outpatient and inpatient pregnancies were shown. Possible risk factors in terms of birth results were also defined. Methods With the use of a questionnaire, 83 patients (40 outpatients/43 inpatients) were asked about their oral hygiene, as well as their knowledge pertaining to the causes and effects of gingivitis...
August 2017: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798421/remineralisation-the-buzzword-for-early-mi-caries-management
#8
B T Amaechi
Minimal intervention (MI) dentistry aims to preserve dental tissues first and restore only when indicated, thus remineralisation of initial (non-cavitated) caries lesions, an integral part of caries management, is an essential treatment strategy in MI. With this understanding, dental practitioners are increasingly embracing the principle of non-operative treatment of initial caries lesions. The purpose of this review was to summarise the most recent literature published in non-operative management of dental caries...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797247/is-histologic-esophagitis-associated-with-dental-erosion-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#9
Lynn Roosa Friesen, Brenda Bohaty, Robin Onikul, Mary P Walker, Caren Abraham, Karen B Williams, Jose T Cocjin, Eileen L Cocjin, Craig A Friesen
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) affects 15-25% of children and adolescents in the United States. The diagnosis of GERD in children is complex as reported symptoms or symptom profiles have been found to be unreliable. Frequently, the diagnosis must be confirmed by objective tests such as pH monitoring or histological evidence of esophagitis on an esophageal biopsy. Dental erosion has been shown to be associated with GERD as an atypical complication and has the potential to be a marker of GERD...
August 10, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796987/evaluation-of-periodontal-tissues-in-growing-patients-with-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-pilot-study
#10
Beata Wyrębek, Dorota Cudziło, Paweł Plakwicz
AIM: To evaluate the periodontal status, mucogingival parameters and oral hygiene in growing patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Assessment was performed in 15 patients aged 6 to 18 years with a bilateral cleft. Records included probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, keratinized gingiva, recession, vestibule depth, biotype, type of fraena, dental plaque and bleeding. RESULTS: The mean scores of pocket depth were: 1...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795618/distribution-of-dental-plaque-and-gingivitis-within-the-dental-arches
#11
Prem K Sreenivasan, Kakarla V V Prasad
Objective The natural accumulation of supragingival plaque on surfaces of human teeth is associated with gingival inflammation and the initiation of common oral diseases. This study evaluated the distribution of dental plaque and gingivitis scores within the dental arches after prophylaxis. Methods Adult subjects from the Dharwad, India area representing the general population who provided written informed consent were scheduled for screening. Healthy subjects over the age of 18 years, not currently requiring any medical or dental care, and presenting with a complement of at least 20 natural teeth were recruited for this parallel design study...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791813/an-evaluation-of-selected-oral-health-indicators-and-cariogenic-bacteria-titer-in-patients-with-helicobacter-pylori
#12
Jakub Urban, Rafał Koszowski, Anna Płachetka, Andrzej Wiczkowski
BACKGROUND: Studies based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques indicate that Helicobacter pylori can be constantly or temporarily present in the oral cavity in virulent or non-virulent form. Streptococcus mutans exerts a strong inhibitory effect on H. pylori. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and virulence of H. pylori in the oral cavity and the correlation of these factors with oral health and cariogenic bacteria titer...
May 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791078/oral-health-and-risk-of-arthritis-in-the-scottish-population-results-from-the-scottish-health-survey
#13
Hadeel Mohammed Abbood, George Cherukara, Ejaz Pathan, Tatiana V Macfarlane
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the link between self-reported oral health and arthritis in the Scottish population using data from the Scottish Health Survey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were available from 2008 to 2013 on self-reported arthritis, oral health conditions and oral hygiene habits from the Scottish Health Survey. Arthritis was defined in this survey by self-reported long standing illness, those who reported having arthritis, rheumatism and/or fibrositis...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782348/factors-affecting-oral-health-determinants-in-female-university-students-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Najla S Dar-Odeh, Fatimah Ali Aleithan, Ahmad A Alnazzawi, Mohammad H Al-Shayyab, Shaden O Abu-Hammad, Osama A Abu-Hammad
Objective This study aims at investigating factors affecting oral health patterns, attitudes and health risk behaviors among female university students. Methods An online questionnaire was distributed to female university students in Al Madinah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Students were requested to answer questions on demographic data, oral hygiene practices, dental attendance, smoking history, practice of sports and body weight and height. Results Two hundred and fourteen students participated with age range of 18-31 years (mean = 21...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765441/effect-of-faculty-development-activities-on-dental-hygiene-faculty-perceptions-of-and-teaching-about-motivational-interviewing-a-pilot-study
#15
Michelle Arnett, Dina Korte, Philip S Richards, Berna Saglik, L Susan Taichman, Janet S Kinney, Anne E Gwozdek
The aims of this pilot study were to assess dental hygiene faculty members' perceptions of the importance of motivational interviewing (MI) and their confidence in teaching students about MI and to determine the effect of MI training sessions on those perceptions. Participants were a convenience sample of all 16 dental hygiene faculty members who teach in the clinic at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. Participants' perceptions were assessed prior to a workshop in MI (pretest), immediately after the workshop (posttest 1), and eight months after the workshop, at the end of the academic year (posttest 2)...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763914/-a-case-control-study-association-between-oral-hygiene-and-oral-cancer-in-non-smoking-and-non-drinking-women
#16
J F Wu, L S Lin, F Chen, F Q Liu, J F Huang, L J Yan, F P Liu, Y Qiu, X Y Zheng, L Cai, B C He
Objective: To evaluate the influence of oral hygiene on risk of oral cancer in non-smoking and non-drinking women. Methods: From September 2010 to February 2016, 242 non-smoking and non-drinking female patients with pathologically confirmed oral cancer were recruited in a hospital of Fuzhou, and another 856 non-smoking and non-drinking healthy women from health examination center in the same hospital were selected as control group. Five oral hygiene related variables including the frequency of teeth brushing, number of teeth lost, poor prosthesis, regular dental visits and recurrent dental ulceration were used to develop oral hygiene index model...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757939/correlation-between-parodontal-indexes-and-orthodontic-retainers-prospective-study-in-a-group-of-16-patients
#17
D DI Venere, F Pettini, G M Nardi, A Laforgia, G Stefanachi, V Notaro, B Rapone, F R Grassi, M Corsalini
PURPOSE: Fixed retainers are used to stabilize dental elements after orthodontic treatment. Being it a permanent treatment, it is necessary to instruct patients about a constant and continuous monitoring of their periodontal conditions and a correct oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to highlight the possible adverse effects of bonded retainers on parameters correlated to the health conditions of periodontal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 16 patients, under treatment in the Orthodontics Department of University of Bari Dental School, who had undergone a lingual retainer insertion at the end of the orthodontic treatment...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752159/oral-health-behaviour-and-oral-hygiene-of-dental-professionals-and-laypersons-a-survey-performed-in-lower-saxony-germany
#18
Gerhild Knöfler, Katrin Friedl, Sylvia Fresmann, Rainer F Mausberg, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey-based cross-sectional study was to analyse the oral health behaviour of dental professionals and persons without professional dental knowledge (layperson group) regarding the use and selection of tools for their personal dental hygiene. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 356 persons participated in the survey (dental professional group: 160; layperson group: 196). Information regarding dental hygiene habits, such as toothbrush use, toothbrushing habits, and the use of additional dental hygiene tools was determined using a standardised questionnaire...
July 27, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#19
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748528/parenting-practices-and-children-s-dental-caries-experience-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#20
S Kumar, J Tadakamadla, M J Zimmer-Gembeck, J Kroon, R Lalloo, N W Johnson
AIM: To evaluate the direct and mediated associations between parenting practices and dental caries experience in Indian school children. METHODS: The target population consisted of school children and their parents (N=1539) of Medak district in the state of Telangana, India. Parents completed a questionnaire that consisted of questions related to socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, the number of children, their own oral hygiene behaviour and parenting practices...
July 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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