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Dental hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349924/parental-supervision-for-their-children-s-toothbrushing-mediating-effects-of-planning-self-efficacy-and-action-control
#1
Kyra Hamilton, Stephen Cornish, Aaron Kirkpatrick, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVES: With 60-90% of children worldwide reportedly experiencing dental caries, poor oral health in the younger years is a major public health issue. As parents are important to children's oral hygiene practices, we examined the key self-regulatory behaviours of parents for supervising their children's toothbrushing using the health action process approach. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 281, 197 mothers) comprised Australian parents of 2- to 5-year-olds...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341442/motivating-influences-and-ability-based-outcomes-of-dental-hygiene-baccalaureate-education-in-canada
#2
Z Kanji, D M Laronde
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of studies on Canadian baccalaureate dental hygienists. As discussions about baccalaureate education for dental hygiene continue on a national level, examining outcomes of earning a dental hygiene degree is paramount. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the motivating reasons and ability-based outcomes of earning a Bachelor of Dental Science in Dental Hygiene (BDSc) degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. METHODS: UBC dental hygiene entry-to-practice (ETP) and degree-completion (DC) graduates (n = 116; 32%) from 1994 to 2016 participated in an online mixed-methods survey...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337393/provision-of-information-on-dental-implant-treatment-patients-thoughts-and-experiences
#3
Wafa Ahmed Kashbour, Nikki S Rousseau, James Mark Thomason, Janice Sarah Ellis
OBJECTIVES: To explore patients' thoughts and perceptions of information provision regarding dental implant treatment. METHODS: This generic qualitative study involved 38 semi-structured face-to-face and telephone interviews with 34 participants, who were at different stages of dental implant treatment. The interviews were transcribed verbatim. The data collection and coding process followed the principles of qualitative thematic analysis. RESULTS: Clinical sources of information were generally trusted by patients; however, patients clearly lacked information relative to their own specific situation, concerns and preferences, and this may lead to patients' reliance on other general sources of information...
January 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327449/clinical-microbiological-and-cytomorphometric-evaluation-of-low-level-laser-therapy-as-an-adjunct-to-periodontal-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis
#4
M S Petrović, I Y Kannosh, J M Milašin, D S Mihailović, R R Obradović, S R Bubanj, L G Kesić
OBJECTIVE: A clinical prospective study was designed to evaluate microbiological, cytomorphometric and clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to periodontal therapy in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. METHODS: Sixty subjects were included and randomly assigned into 2 groups: SRP (scaling root planning) group (n = 30) and LLLT + SRP group (n = 30). Clinical parameters were measured before intervention, after the fifth treatment, and after a month...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326466/a-study-of-oral-health-prevention-behaviours-for-patients-with-early-stage-dementia
#5
R Emanuel, A Sorensen
Background Thorough dental prevention provided at the diagnosis of early stage dementia may be able to reduce the risk of dental disease before the associated cognitive decline takes hold.Method A questionnaire was used to see how many patients with a recent diagnosis of dementia were registered with a dentist and if they were accessing preventative dental care. The questionnaire was administered to patients attending Memory Assessment Services (MAS), approximately ten weeks after initial diagnosis. A similar questionnaire was conducted among MAS staff providing insight into their own personal dental care knowledge and behaviours...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321070/the-effect-of-methamphetamine-abuse-on-dental-caries-and-periodontal-diseases-in-an-eastern-china-city
#6
Tao Ye, Dongliang Sun, Guangying Dong, Guangjie Xu, Ligang Wang, Jinjin Du, Pengcheng Ren, Shibin Yu
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequently reported health problems in drug abusers. However, few studies have been conducted on oral health of methamphetamine (meth) abusers in China. The aim of the present study was to investigate the caries and periodontal health profile of former meth abusers in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 162 former meth abusers in the male Zhoushan Compulsory Detoxification Center. A standardized questionnaire, which collected information about age, drug-use duration / pattern, oral hygiene habit and systemic diseases, was administered...
January 10, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315720/oral-diseases-associated-with-condition-specific-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-school-performance-of-thai-primary-school-children-a-hierarchical-approach
#7
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301042/positive-association-between-sugar-consumption-and-dental-decay-prevalence-independent-of-oral-hygiene-in-pre-school-children-a-longitudinal-prospective-study
#8
V Skafida, S Chambers
Background: Few studies explore how the longitudinal cumulative and combined effects of dietary habits and oral hygiene habits relate to dental decay in very young children. Methods: Using longitudinal survey data, logistic regression models were specified to predict dental decay by age 5. Predictor variables included questions on diet and oral hygiene from ages 2 to 5. Results: Compared to mainly eating meals, children who snacked all day but had no real meals had a higher chance of dental decay (odds ratios (OR) = 2...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297563/clinical-and-individual-variables-in-children-s-dental-fear-a-school-based-investigation
#9
Ethieli Rodrigues da Silveira, Marília Leão Goettems, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marina Sousa Azevedo
This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of dental fear and associated factors in schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years old, in Pelotas, southern Brazil. Schoolchildren enrolled in 20 public and private schools were selected using a multi-stage sample design. Sociodemographic characteristics, children's dental visit and oral hygiene habits were assessed by questionnaires. The Dental Anxiety Question was used to measure dental fear prevalence. Children's clinical examination evaluated presence of dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and gingival bleeding...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297186/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-as-a-non-classical-risk-factor-in-the-group-of-patients-undergoing-hip-and-or-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Karolina Adamkiewicz, Anna E Płatek, Paweł Łęgosz, Maciej R Czerniuk, Paweł Małdyk, Filip M Szymański
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is a chronic disease, causing inflammatory process that affects various organs and is associated with an increased risk of many diseases including bone and cardiovascular disease. AIM: The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of periodontal disease in continuous patients scheduled for hip or knee replacement surgery. METHODS: The study was a prospective, epidemiological analysis performed in consecutive patients scheduled for total joint (hip or knee) replacement surgery...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288542/evaluation-of-an-animation-tool-developed-to-supplement-dental-student-study-of-the-cranial-nerves
#11
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, T Vagg, A Toulouse, E J Downer
INTRODUCTION: The structure/function of the cranial nerves is a core topic for dental students. However, due to the perceived complexity of the subject, it is often difficult for students to develop a comprehensive understanding of key concepts using textbooks and models. It is accepted that the acquisition of anatomical knowledge can be facilitated by visualisation of structures. This study aimed to develop and assess a novel cranial nerve animation as a supplemental learning aid for dental students...
December 30, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285823/provision-of-oral-hygiene-services-as-a-potential-method-for-preventing-periodontal-disease-and-control-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-a-community-health-centre-in-korea
#12
Nam-Hee Kim, Ga-Yeong Lee, Su-Kyung Park, Yeun-Ju Kim, Min-Young Lee, Chun-Bae Kim
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a community-based oral hygiene service on general and periodontal health indicators of patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus visiting a community health centre in Korea. The study used a one-group pretest-posttest and interrupted time-series design. A total of 151 participants (45% male), with a mean age of 63 ± 8.4 years, were included in the study; these included patients with hypertension (62%), diabetes (12%) and both hypertension and diabetes (26%)...
December 28, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285470/oral-health-status-among-children-with-cerebral-palsy-in-dubai-united-arab-emirates
#13
Haifa Al Hashmi, Mawlood Kowash, Amar Hassan, Manal Al Halabi
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the oral health status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Materials and Methods: Eighty-four CP and 125 healthy children were recruited from special needs centers and private/public schools in Dubai. A dental examination for decayed-missing-filled teeth in primary dentition (dmft)/Decayed-Missing-Filled teeth in permanent dentition (DMFT) indices, simplified oral hygiene index, calculus index (CI), and oral debris index was conducted...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285468/self-reported-knowledge-attitude-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-among-undergraduate-oral-health-students-at-a-university-in-south-africa
#14
Thomas K Madiba, Ahmed Bhayat, Ntombizodwa R Nkambule
Aims and Objectives: This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and its association with body mass index (BMI) among undergraduate oral health students. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional design was used and the study was conducted at a South African dental university. Undergraduate dental and oral hygiene students (n = 344) registered in 2015 were invited to participate. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit the necessary information...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284536/dental-hygienists-perceptions-of-professionalism-are-multidimensional-and-context-dependent-a-qualitative-study-in-japan
#15
Yukiko Nagatani, Rintaro Imafuku, Toshinobu Takemoto, Tadayuki Waki, Taiji Obayashi, Tetsuji Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Due to the declining birth rate and aging of Japanese society, the roles and responsibilities of dental hygienists are continuously expanding. Medical professionalism needs to be pursued continuously throughout one's career in order to improve dental care and treatment. Although conceptualising professionalism is essential to the education of health professionals, professionalism in the field of dental hygiene has not been defined or adequately examined in Japan. The purposes of this study are to investigate dental hygienists' perceptions of the constituent elements of professionalism and the factors affecting their perceptions...
December 29, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284461/clinical-validation-and-assessment-of-a-modular-fluorescent-imaging-system-and-algorithm-for-rapid-detection-and-quantification-of-dental-plaque
#16
Keith Angelino, Pratik Shah, David A Edlund, Mrinal Mohit, Gregory Yauney
BACKGROUND: Significant numbers of adults and children have untreated plaque due to poor oral hygiene and consequently suffer from associate dental and systemic diseases. METHODS: A handheld device equipped with 405 nm light-emitting diodes was constructed to examine the prevalence of red fluorescence signatures associated with dental plaque. This device was used for in vivo imaging of all four incisors and all four canines of twenty-eight consenting human subjects...
December 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284459/autotransplantation-of-mature-and-immature-third-molars-in-23-chinese-patients-a-clinical-and-radiological-follow-up-study
#17
Haozhe Tang, Zhengyan Shen, Minhong Hou, Ligeng Wu
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of autotransplanted teeth over a follow-up period of 2 to 8 years, and summarize the findings of other relevant studies with regard to the primary factors that influence a good prognosis in such patients. METHODS: Twenty-three patients (6 men, 17 women) who attended Tanggu Stomatological Hospital, Tianjin, China, from 2008 through 2013, were included in the study. These patients presented with a variety of dental problems, including tooth loss, residual crowns, missing first or second molars, dental trauma, tooth fracture, and unrestored teeth...
December 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284200/betel-and-tobacco-chewing-habit-and-its-relation-to-risk-factors-for-periodontal-disease
#18
Maria Laura Giovannoni, Iván Valdivia-Gandur, Vicente Lozano de Luaces, Héctor Varela Véliz, Yamadala Balasubbaiah, Eduardo Chimenos-Küstner
OBJECTIVES: To comparatively assess periodontal status in patients who chew different products and patients who do not have this habit and to assess how this practice interacts with predisposing factors and risk indicators of disease. METHODS: Patients included in the dental care carried out in a rural community in India were considered for a cross-sectional study. The Simplified Oral Hygiene Index and the Community Periodontal Index (CPI) were assessed. Furthermore, a validated survey with items concerning chewing habits was administered...
December 28, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282178/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-200-dermatologic-outpatients
#19
Nazim Hussain Syed, Virendra N Sehgal, Ashok Aggarwal, Shruti Sehgal
Oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) present with a variety of manifestations, emanating largely from tobacco chewing, smoking, and consumption of alcohol. Evolution of the lesions may be facilitated by poor oral hygiene and restorative dental materials, as well as by trauma, infections, and immune-mediated diseases. Two hundred consecutive patients seen at a pre-eminent dermatologic clinic formed the study group. They were interviewed about clinical manifestations, duration of the lesion, patient's age and sex, and incriminating factors...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282172/management-of-a-permanent-maxillary-lateral-incisor-with-vital-pulp-and-necrotic-dens-invaginatus-type-iii
#20
Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Luciana Pereira da Silva, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Lucianne Cople Maia, Laura Guimarães Primo
This is a case report on the management of a vital lateral incisor with a radiolucent cervical area associated with the presence of necrotic pulp due to a dens invaginatus (DI) type III. A nine-year-old boy presented to a university pediatric dental clinic with dental trauma. The examination showed poor oral hygiene, an uncomplicated fracture in the permanent maxillary left central incisor, and a fistula near the permanent maxillary right lateral incisor. A radiograph showed that the right lateral incisor had incomplete root development and a type III DI...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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