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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514517/early-childhood-caries-and-psychological-perceptions-on-child-s-oral-health-increase-the-feeling-of-guilt-in-parents-an-epidemiological-survey
#1
Thiago Saads Carvalho, Jenny Abanto, Elayne Cristina Morais Pinheiro, Adrian Lussi, Marcelo Bönecker
AIM: To assess whether parents feel guilty for their children's oral problems, associating this feeling with socio-economic, demographic, and psychological factors. DESIGN: We included 1313 parent-and-child pairs in this study. The children were 2-4 years old. Parents answered questionnaires on socio-economic and demographic data, and on psychological variables. Sixteen trained dentists (κ > 0.8) examined the children for oral hygiene (the presence and absence of plaque), early childhood caries (ECC; no caries, low and high severity), malocclusion (the presence and absence), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI; the presence and absence)...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514054/how-do-educators-in-one-new-zealand-undergraduate-bachelor-of-oral-health-course-teach-and-nurture-professionalism
#2
L Smith, L Adam, S Moffat, A Meldrum, R Ahmadi
INTRODUCTION: Research on integrated dental hygiene and dental therapy courses is scarce; studies reporting on how staff in these combined scope courses teach professionalism are even more scarce. This study aimed to partially fill these research gaps. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In 2016, online surveys were sent to 34 staff members who taught into the integrated Bachelor of Oral Health (BOH) course at the University of Otago's Faculty of Dentistry; 13 were returned. Two focus groups were conducted with six BOH educators...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514053/a-cluster-randomized-theory-guided-oral-hygiene-trial-in-adolescents-a-latent-growth-model
#3
J Aleksejūnienė, V Brukienė
OBJECTIVES: (i) To test whether theory-guided interventions are more effective than conventional dental instruction (CDI) for changing oral hygiene in adolescents and (ii) to examine whether such interventions equally benefit both genders and different socio-economic (SES) groups. METHODS: A total of 244 adolescents were recruited from three schools, and cluster randomization allocated adolescents to one of the three types of interventions: two were theory-based interventions (Precaution Adoption Process Model or Authoritative Parenting Model) and CDI served as an active control...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512554/a-case-report-on-dental-management-of-a-toddler-with-pachygyria
#4
Vignesh Ravindran, Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi-Baghkomeh, Ditto Sharmin
Children with special health care needs receive less oral care than the normal population, inspite of the high level of dental diseases among them. They are at an increased risk for oral diseases throughout their lifetime. This paper reports a case of a toddler with congenital unusual thick convolutions of the cortex resulting in a condition called pachygyria. Intra oral examination showed multiple abscesses with poor oral hygiene. As the patient was lacking cooperative ability, treatment of full mouth rehabilitation as needed...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512551/consensus-statements-and-clinical-recommendations-on-treatment-indications-surgical-procedures-prosthetic-protocols-and-complications-following-all-on-4-standard-treatment-9th-mozo-grau-ticare-conference-in-quintanilla-spain
#5
REVIEW
Miguel Penarrocha-Diago, María Penarrocha-Diago, Regino Zaragozí-Alonso, David Soto-Penaloza, Meeting On Behalf Of The Ticare Consensus
OBJECTIVES: The present consensus report critically evaluates the scientific evidence based on a comprehensive systematic review of the All-On-4 treatment concept, focusing primarily on the treatment indications, surgical procedures and prosthetic protocols, and secondarily on the mechanical and biological complications involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review was made in advance of the meeting. Consensus statements, treatment guidelines and recommendations for future research were based on within-group as well as plenary debates and discussions of the systematic review...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512538/oral-hygiene-and-periodontal-health-status-among-khat-chewers-a-case-control-study
#6
Sadeq-Ali Al-Maweri, Mohammed AlAkhali
BACKGROUND: Habitual khat chewing is a widespread male habit in Southern Arabia and East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Khat chewing on oral hygiene and periodontal health status among Yemeni male khat chewers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This case- control study included 310 khat chewers, aged 20-65 years, and 72 age- and gender- matched non-chewers as controls. Periodontal examination included recording of dental plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), attachment level (AL) and gingival recession (GR)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511505/effectiveness-of-chewable-tooth-brush-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-study
#7
Lavanya Govindaraju, Deepa Gurunathan
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is one of the aetiological factors in causation of dental caries. Effective removal of plaque can reduce the incidence of caries. Various agents for removing plaque has been introduced, of which, chewable brush is a recent advance. There is limited evidence assessing the effectiveness of using chewable brush in children. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chewable brush in relation to efficiency in plaque removal and reduction in S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509563/the-adjunctive-soft-tissue-diode-laser-in-orthodontics
#8
Ali Borzabadi-Farahani
Lasers are a relatively new addition to the orthodontist's armamentarium. This article reviews the fundamental basic science of available soft-tissue lasers, with an emphasis on diode lasers, and discusses various adjunct applications of the diode laser for soft-tissue orthodontic procedures. Diode lasers function by cutting with an initiated hot tip and produce minimal to no interaction with healthy dental hard tissue, making them suitable for soft-tissue procedures. The contact cutting mode provides enhanced bloodless site visibility and facility to perform delicate soft tissue procedures, which is important in areas with difficult access...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509513/challenges-identified-in-a-pilot-outreach-dental-service-for-traveller-children-in-hackney-east-london
#9
J Doughty, D Simons, N Pearson, P Evans, D Wright
Impetus for action: Inequity of dental health and dental service use for Travellers in the UK. National guidance on improving community oral health, stresses an imperative to involve and engage with "those whose economic, social and environmental circumstances or lifestyle place them at high risk of poor oral health or make it difficult for them to access dental services". Solution: Oral health promotion and simple treatments were provided on two Traveller sites from a mobile dental unit (MDU) over a 5-day period and patients with extensive oral disease were referred to a fixed-site clinic for continued care...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509361/prevalence-of-dental-developmental-anomalies-of-permanent-teeth-in-children-and-their-influence-on-esthetics
#10
Anita Fekonja
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental developmental anomalies in permanent teeth and their influence on esthetics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 473 subjects, which comprised of orthopantomograms, clinical examination, and anamnestic data, were explored for dental developmental anomalies. Subjects with dental anomalies completed the modified questionnaire. Data on reasons for seeking the treatment as well as factors affecting the patients' satisfaction were collected...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508609/oral-health-in-children-with-obesity-or-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Fima Lifshitz, Patricia Lucia Casavalle, Noemí Bordoni, Patricia Noemi Rodriguez, Silvia Maria Friedman
Oral health status must be considered in the care of children with obesity (OB) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The health of these patients' mouths may have significant effects on their overall health and evolution of their disease. Here we address periodontal disease (PD) and dental caries (DC), since these are two of the most common chronic diseases affecting OB and DM patients. OB plays a plausible role in the development of PD. Both overall OB and central adiposity are associated with increased hazards of gingivitis and its progression to PD...
December 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503739/the-bleeding-on-brushing-index-a-novel-index-in-preventive-dentistry
#12
Tobias Rosenauer, Constanze Wagenschwanz, Matthias Kuhn, Anna Kensche, Sandra Stiehl, Christian Hannig
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of a dichotomous index, based on a special interdental brushing tool, to detect initial pathological processes in interproximal areas. Furthermore, different techniques of interdental hygiene were compared. METHODS: Participants (n = 108) were instructed to clean their teeth using the Bass technique and were randomly assigned to three groups according to the type of interdental cleaning used: group A, use of interdental brushes; group B, no interdental hygiene (the control group); and group C, use of dental floss...
May 15, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502763/osteomyelitis-of-the-jaws%C3%A2-a-retrospective-series-of-40-patients
#13
Charles-Victor André, Roman-Hossein Khonsari, Didier Ernenwein, Patrick Goudot, Blandine Ruhin
Introduction - The caseload of jaw osteomyelitis seem to have decreased considerably over the last fifty years thanks to the progress of oral hygiene, the appearance and the use of antibiotics, and early screening. 'Limited osteitis' remains frequent in general practice (alveolitis after dental extraction), but osteomyelitis is much rarer as evidenced by the lack of current literature and the low number of reported patients in the published series. The aim of this study was to analyze retrospectively all the cases of maxillo-mandibular osteomyelitis treated in a large academic department of Stomatology and Maxillofacial Surgery over a period of 6 years and to compare the results to data from the literature...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501070/use-of-evidence-based-decision-making-in-comprehensive-dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-meth-mouth-a-case-report
#14
Saad A Al Hazzani
OBJECTIVE: This case report illustrates the use of evidence-based practice in formulating a comprehensive dental treatment plan for a patient who presented himself with signs of oral health debilitation accompanying methamphetamine (MA) abuse called "meth mouth" with the goal of providing dental care practitioners in Saudi Arabia with an insight into the global problem of MA abuse and its impact on oral health. BACKGROUND: This report documents the case of a 22-year-old male patient who reported to the clinic with rampant caries caused due to MA abuse exacerbated by poor oral hygiene and smoking habit...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497901/risk-factors-of-periodontal-disease-in-vietnamese-patients
#15
Thuy A V Pham, Thoai Q Kieu, Lan T Q Ngo
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the association of periodontitis with dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and obesity in Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 367 adults who first visited the Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Information on demographic characteristics, dental and smoking behaviors, self-perception of oral status, dental knowledge, and nutritional status was investigated by a self-administered questionnaire...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497662/volatile-sulphur-compounds-in-exhaled-air-of-dental-students-smoking-the-waterpipe-a-nested-case-control-study
#16
Saud F Al-Humaidi, Najla S Dar-Odeh, Ahmad Alnazzawi, Ahmad Kutkut, Malik Hudieb, Osama Abu-Hammad
BACKGROUND: This study aims at investigating a potential adverse effect that waterpipe tobacco smoking may cause by comparing levels of volatile sulphur compounds in exhaled air of male dental students who smoke the waterpipe with those who don't smoke. METHODS: Dental students were categorized into waterpipe smokers and non-smokers. Volatile sulphur compounds were measured using a Halimeter following the completion of questionnaire on smoking and oral hygiene habits and self-perceived halitosis...
May 10, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496964/oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-lebanon
#17
Hicham A Diab, Ziad Salameh, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Genane Younes, Fouad Ayoub
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dental status of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon and the role of background and behavioural determinants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral health was recorded for 652 individuals (6, 12, 15 and 35 - 44 years old) using the decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (DMFT/dft) index. Data collected was statistically analysed with statistical significance set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: Overall, mean DMFT index score was 5...
January 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494608/parenteral-nutrition-in-childhood-and-consequences-for-dentition-and-gingivae
#18
D Olczak-Kowalczyk, M Danko, E Banaś, D Gozdowski, K Popińska, E Krasuska-Sławińska, J Książyk
AIM: Assessment of dentition in children under parenteral nutrition, risk factors for caries, and dental developmental abnormalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 63 patients (aged 2.25-16.6 years), i.e. 32 subjects receiving parenteral nutrition for a mean period of 5.6±2.94 years, and 31 healthy control subjects. Oral hygiene (OHI-S, PL-I), gingival (GI), and dentition status (caries, DMFT/dmft, enamel defects, shape alterations), frequency of oral meals and frequency of cariogenic snacks consumption were evaluated...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#19
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#20
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
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