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Dental hygiene

Derek Richards
Data sourcesPubMed Central, CINAHL, Embase and reference lists of identified articles.Study selectionObservational and experimental studies published in English where breastfeeding was the exposure and development of caries was the outcome of interest were considered. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusionData extraction and synthesisStudy quality was assessed independently by two researchers using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS). Key data items, exposure and outcome definitions and effect estimates (odds ratios (OR), relative risks, prevalence ratios) with 95% Confidence Interval (95%CI) were abstracted where available for inclusion in a meta-analysis...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Kyra Hamilton, Mikaela Bonham, Jason Bishara, Jeroen Kroon, Ralf Schwarzer
PURPOSE: Although poor oral hygiene practices can have serious health consequences, a large number of adults brush or floss their teeth less than the recommended time or not at all. This study examined the mediating effect of two key self-regulatory processes, self-efficacy and planning, as the mechanisms that translate dental flossing intentions into behavior. METHOD: Participants (N = 629) comprised young adults attending a major university in Queensland, Australia...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Seon Young Hwang, Jae Lan Shim
OBJECTIVE: There is an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, it is not known whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior could influence on the CVD risk. This study aimed to examine whether periodontitis and bad oral health behavior predict 10-year general CVD risk using representative national data. DESIGN AND METHOD: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) in 2013, we selected men and women who were aged over 30 years and who had no previous CVD history (n = 4259)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Daisuke Ueno, Jayanetti Asiri Jayawardena, Takashi Kurokawa
Soft tissue dehiscence around dental implant has frequently been observed and it may lead to poor oral hygiene, especially around crowns that exhibit contours with prominent convexity. The present case demonstrates a peri-implant mucosal dehiscence coverage with modified semilunar coronary positioned flap (CPF) in #15 and 16. A semilunar partial-thickness incision was performed 7-10 mm apical from the facial gingival margin. Then, intrasulcular partial-thickness incision was tunneled to the semilunar incision...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Thomas Mücke, Christian R Krestan, David A Mitchell, Jan S Kirschke, Arno Wutzl
For patients with malignant disease taking bisphosphonates and denosumab, the incidence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is up to 15% in contrast to 0.01% in patients with osteoporosis. Clinical presentation of MRONJ extends from asymptomatic exposure of bone in 94% of patients to severe cases of mandibular fractures in a minority of 4.5%. The strongest risk factors for MRONJ are invasive dental procedures and dental infections. Advances in imaging provide more preoperation information compared with panoramic radiograph...
July 2016: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
K N Nason, H Byrne, G J Nason, B O'Connell
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of social media, healthcare professionals not only need to be conscious of professionalism in their face-to-face interactions but also in the electronic environment. The aim of this study was to assess the level of online professionalism on Facebook profiles available for public viewing of students from a dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was performed via a new Facebook account of all students in the University Dental School (dental hygiene, dental nursing, dental science and dental technology)...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Shaza M Hammad, Michael Knösel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: White spot lesions (WSLs) are an undesirable side effect of fixed orthodontic appliance therapy and are reported to occur in 2-96 % of orthodontic patients. In this study, the efficacy of a new sealant to prevent WSLs during fixed orthodontic treatment was compared to a control group that did not receive sealant. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this 2-arm parallel-group randomized trial, 50 subjects aged 12-18 years (mean age 14.57 ± 2...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
Montalverne Hb Lopes, Cassiano K Rösing, Paulo Roberto G Colussi, Francisco Wilker Mg Muniz, Maria Ss Linden
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selfreported halitosis and associated factors in adolescents from Passo Fundo, Brazil. Additionally, we studied adolescents' concern with their own breath and whether anyone had ever told them that they had halitosis. A crosssectional observational survey was conducted on 15to 19year old high school students from public and private schools in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil. The random sample consisted of 736 adolescents from 20 schools. An interview with a structured questionnaire was administered...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Yorimasa Ogata, Yohei Nakayama, Junichi Tatsumi, Takehiko Kubota, Shuichi Sato, Tetsuya Nishida, Yasuo Takeuchi, Tokuya Onitsuka, Ryuji Sakagami, Takenori Nozaki, Shinya Murakami, Naritoshi Matsubara, Maki Tanaka, Toshiaki Yoshino, Junya Ota, Taneaki Nakagawa, Yuichi Ishihara, Taichi Ito, Atsushi Saito, Keiko Yamaki, Etsuko Matsuzaki, Toshirou Hidaka, Daisuke Sasaki, Takashi Yaegashi, Tadashi Yasuda, Toshiaki Shibutani, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Hisao Araki, Noriharu Ikumi, Yukihiko Aoyama, Hideki Kogai, Kenji Nemoto, Shinji Deguchi, Takashi Takiguchi, Matsuo Yamamoto, Keita Inokuchi, Takatoshi Ito, Takashi Kado, Yasushi Furuichi, Mikimoto Kanazashi, Kazuhiro Gomi, Yukie Takagi, Keita Kubokawa, Nobuo Yoshinari, Yoshiaki Hasegawa, Tetsushi Hirose, Toshinaga Sase, Hirokazu Arita, Toshiro Kodama, Kitetsu Shin, Yuichi Izumi, Hiromasa Yoshie
We investigated the prevalences and risk factors for peri-implant diseases in Japanese adult dental patients attending a follow-up visit at dental hospitals or clinics as part of their maintenance program. This cross-sectional multicenter study enrolled patients with dental implants who attended regular check-ups as part of a periodontal maintenance program during the period from October 2012 through September 2013. Patients with implants with at least 3 years of loading time were included in the study. The condition of peri-implant tissue was examined and classified into the following categories: healthy, peri-implant mucositis, and peri-implantitis...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Oral Science
J E Creeth, S A Kelly, C González-Cabezas, R Karwal, E A Martinez-Mier, R J M Lynch, M L Bosma, D T Zero
OBJECTIVES: The influence of toothbrushing duration and dentifrice quantity on fluoride efficacy against dental caries is poorly understood. This study investigated effects of these two oral hygiene factors on enamel remineralisation (measured as surface microhardness recovery [SMHR]), enamel fluoride uptake (EFU), and net acid resistance (NAR) post-remineralisation in a randomized clinical study using an in situ caries model. METHODS: Subjects (n=63) wore their partial dentures holding partially demineralized human enamel specimens and brushed twice-daily for two weeks, following each of five regimens: brushing for 120 or 45s with 1...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Hayat Aynaou, Imane Skiker, Hanane Latrech
INTRODUCTION: Pycnodysostosis is a rare genetic disease characterized by osteosclerosis and bone fragility. The clinical aspects are varied including short stature, acro-osteolysis of distal phalanges, and dysplasia of the clavicles. Oral and maxillofacial manifestations of this disease are very clear. The head is usually large, a beaked nose, obtuse mandibular angle, and both maxilla and mandible are hypoplastic. Dental abnormalities are common. We report a case with the typical clinical and radiological characteristics of the Pycnodysostosis associated with a conductive hearing loss, an association rarely reported...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Glenda N Rossi, Ana L Sorazabal, Pablo A Salgado, Aldo F Squassi, Graciela L Klemonskis
The aim of this study was to establish the association between features regarding brushing procedure performed by schoolchildren without previous formal training and the effectiveness of biofilm removal. Out of a population of 8900 6- and 7-year-old schoolchildren in Buenos Aires City, 600 children were selected from schools located in homogeneous risk areas. Informed consent was requested from parents or guardians and formal assent was obtained from children themselves. The final sample consisted of 316 subjects...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Bojan B Petrovic, Tamara O Peric, Dejan L J Markovic, Branislav B Bajkin, Djorde Petrovic, Duska B Blagojevic, Sanja Vujkov
The aim of this study was to examine the factors affecting oral health status among intellectually disabled individuals in Serbia. The sample population was categorized according to age, sex, living arrangements, general health and the level of intellectual disability (ID). The diagnosis of dental caries was performed using the DMFT/dmft criteria. The oral hygiene and gingival health were assessed with the plaque index (Silness&Löe) and gingival index (Löe&Silness), respectively. Descriptive analysis, step-wise and logistic regression were performed to analyze related influential factors for caries presence, number of extracted teeth, teeth restored, the oral hygiene level and the extent of gingival inflammation...
September 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
B Sáez-Prado, M-C Haya-Fernández, M-T Sanz-García
BACKGROUND: The world population is aging considerably. The state of elderly's dentition is poor. Many authors agree that the oral health status influence the elderly's quality of life.The objective of our study was to analyze the relation between the oral health status and the general health status through the quality of life of elderly people aged 65 years or more in Valencia, Spain._Material and Methods: A cross-sectional oral health survey and an oral examination have been designed to study an elderly population...
October 1, 2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Gerard J Garvan, Cynthia W Garvan, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The importance of educating dental students in cultural competence has been widely emphasized, but there is a need to assess cultural competence in a consistent and reliable way. The aims of this study were to determine latent constructs for the initial measure of cultural competence for oral health providers, the Knowledge, Efficacy, and Practices Instrument (KEPI), and to determine how well these factors related to previously identified latent constructs. Data were collected in surveys of dental students and from dental hygiene, dental assisting, and dental faculty members in 44 academic dental institutions from 2012 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Ricardo Morandi, Leonardo Moreira Cabral, Márcio de Moraes
An implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis is one of the treatment options for an individual with a completely edentulous maxilla. However, a screw-retained or cemented prosthesis can make oral hygiene difficult, especially for patients with a history of periodontal disease or disabilities. Compared with maxillary fixed dental prostheses, implant-supported overdentures offer similar retention and function and facilitate esthetics, phonetics, and hygiene. This report describes the prosthetic rehabilitation of a patient with an edentulous maxilla and a severe maxillomandibular discrepancy that involved the use of a novel prefabricated telescopic system to retain an implant-supported removable dental prosthesis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Esber Caglar, Ozgur Onder Kuscu, Dorian Hysi
AIM: Resin infiltration of proximal lesions is a new approach to stopping caries progression. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate four-year efficacy of proximal infiltrates in adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In ten adolescents, a total of 21 proximal infiltrates (ICON® (DMG, Germany) were applied to initial proximal lesions of permanent incisors and premolars according to the manufacturer's instruction. The clinical quality of resin infiltration was assessed at 1 week, 1, 2, 3 and 4 years after the treatment and the evaluation of the therapeutic effect was analyzed by radiographs...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
B O Gaffar, M El Tantawi, A Al-Ansari, A S AlAgl
This study assessed the association between oral health knowledge and practices of pregnant Saudi women selected from visitors to a government hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia in 2014. Women answered questions on oral health knowledge during pregnancy and knowledge of infant oral health. Most women (> 70%) knew that dental caries in children can be prevented, that pregnancy affects oral health and that dental treatment during pregnancy can negatively affect infants. Most women (> 80%) performed oral hygiene procedures but only 18% regularly visited the dentist...
2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Pushpa Thapa, Krishna Kumar Aryal, Suresh Mehata, Abhinav Vaidya, Bijay Kumar Jha, Meghnath Dhimal, Shaili Pradhan, Purushottam Dhakal, Arpana Pandit, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Ava Upadhyay Pokhrel, Khem Bahadur Karki
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases remain a significant public health problem in Nepal, as do oral health behaviours. Socio-demographic factors play a crucial role in driving oral hygiene practices. This study aims to identify oral hygiene practices and associated socio-demographic factors in Nepalese population. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study recruited 4200 adults (15-69 years) through multistage cluster sampling. Data obtained from the WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2...
September 29, 2016: BMC Oral Health
F Balazard, S Le Fur, S Valtat, A J Valleron, P Bougnères, Dominique Thevenieau, Corinne Fourmy Chatel, Rachel Desailloud, Hélène Bony-Trifunovic, Pierre-Henri Ducluzeau, Régis Coutant, Sophie Caudrelier, Armelle Pambou, Emmanuelle Dubosclard, Florence Joubert, Philippe Jan, Estelle Marcoux, Anne-Marie Bertrand, Brigitte Mignot, Alfred Penformis, Chantal Stuckens, Régis Piquemal, Pascal Barat, Vincent Rigalleau, Chantal Stheneur, Sylviane Fournier, Véronique Kerlan, Chantal Metz, Anne Fargeot-Espaliat, Yves Reznic, Frédérique Olivier, Iva Gueorguieva, Arnaud Monier, Catherine Radet, Vincent Gajdos, Daniel Terral, Christine Vervel, Djamel Bendifallah, Candace Ben Signor, Daniel Dervaux, Abdelkader Benmahammed, Guy-André Loeuille, Françoise Popelard, Agnès Guillou, Pierre-Yves Benhamou, Jamil Khoury, Jean-Pierre Brossier, Joachim Bassil, Sylvaine Clavel, Bernard Le Luyer, Pierre Bougnères, Françoise Labay, Isabelle Guemas, Jacques Weill, Jean-Pierre Cappoen, Sylvie Nadalon, Anne Lienhardt-Roussie, Anne Paoli, Claudie Kerouedan, Edwige Yollin, Marc Nicolino, Gilbert Simonin, Jacques Cohen, Catherine Atlan, Agnès Tamboura, Hervé Dubourg, Marie-Laure Pignol, Philippe Talon, Stéphanie Jellimann, Lucy Chaillous, Sabine Baron, Marie-Noëlle Bortoluzzi, Elisabeth Baechler, Randa Salet, Ariane Zelinsky-Gurung, Fabienne Dallavale, Etienne Larger, Marie Laloi-Michelin, Jean-François Gautier, Bénédicte Guérin, Laure Oilleau, Laetitia Pantalone, Céline Lukas, Isabelle Guilhem, Marc De Kerdanet, Marie-Claire Wielickzo, Mélanie Priou-Guesdon, Odile Richard, François Kurtz, Norbert Laisney, Déborah Ancelle, Guilhem Parlier, Catherine Boniface, Dominique Paris Bockel, Denis Dufillot, Berthe Razafimahefa, Pierre Gourdy, Pierre Lecomte, Myriam Pepin-Donat, Marie-Emmanuelle Combes-Moukhovsky, Brigitte Zymmermann, Marina Raoulx, Anne Gourdin Et Catherine Dumont
BACKGROUND: The incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) incidence is rising in many countries, supposedly because of changing environmental factors, which are yet largely unknown. The purpose of the study was to unravel environmental markers associated with T1D. METHODS: Cases were children with T1D from the French Isis-Diab cohort. Controls were schoolmates or friends of the patients. Parents were asked to fill a 845-item questionnaire investigating the child's environment before diagnosis...
September 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
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