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Dental hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928771/an-analysis-of-patient-perceptions-and-expectations-to-dental-implants-is-there-a-significant-effect-on-long-term-satisfaction-levels
#1
Shane J J McCrea
Here we present an analysis of patient perceptions and expectations to dental implant placement and their prosthetic reconstruction, to then consider whether they have an effect on long-term satisfaction levels. A Post-Treatment Completion Questionnaire was designed to analyse whether patient satisfaction is influenced by age and/or gender; has an effect on patient-reported self-confidence levels; contributes to increased levels of oral hygiene; provides further insight into the average pain levels during and after the surgical intervention; or influences further acceptance of dental implant surgery...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926671/development-of-an-oral-assessment-sheet-for-evaluating-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#2
Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masanori Nakano, Takaharu Goto, Masami Yoshioka, Yasuhiko Shirayama
A new general use oral assessment sheet (OAS), comprising three items each in three categories (i.e., oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function), was developed to improve the oral health of older adults requiring nursing care. Seventy-nine care workers used the assessment sheet to evaluate oral conditions in 188 institutionalized older adults. Forty-five care workers and three dental professionals then assessed oral conditions in 45 institutionalized older adults using the test-retest method before and after dental professional guidance...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925109/red-fluorescence-imaging-for-dental-plaque-detection-and-quantification-pilot-study
#3
Zhao Liu, Juliana Gomez, Soniya Khan, Debbie Peru, Roger Ellwood
The red fluorescence of dental plaque originating from porphyrins in oral bacteria may allow visualization, detection, and scoring of plaque without disclosing agents. Two studies were conducted. The first included 24 healthy participants who abstained from oral hygiene for 24 h. Dental plaque was collected from tooth surfaces, and a 10% solution was prepared. These were scanned by a molecular spectrometer to identify the optimum excitation and emission wavelengths of plaque for developing a red fluorescence imaging system...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920972/-a-phd-completed-prevention-and-treatment-of-peri-implant-diseases-cleaning-of-titanium-dental-implant-surfaces
#4
A Louropoulou
The effect of various instruments on titanium dental implant surfaces was evaluated. Furthermore, a clinical guideline was developed regarding the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of peri-implant diseases. Air abrasive devices appear to be the most suitable meachnical instruments to remove biofilm from implant surfaces. From the available chemotherapeutica, (citric)acid and hydrogen peroxide seem to have the best potential. Regular controls and meticulous maintenance from both the patients and dental care professionals are mandatory to avoid problems...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#5
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911982/upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer-and-oral-health-status-before-radiotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-154-patients
#6
A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9 years, were included...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#7
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904955/dental-hygiene-and-orthodontics-effect-of-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-bonding-efficacy-of-different-lingual-orthodontic-brackets
#8
Andrea Scribante, Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Vittorio Collesano, Gaia Tovt, Luisa Bernardinelli, Paola Gandini
Dental hygienists are often faced with patients wearing lingual orthodontic therapy, as ultrasonic instrumentation (UI) is crucial for oral health. As the application of external forces can lead to premature bonding failure, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of UI on shear bond strength (SBS) and on adhesive remnant index (ARI) of different lingual orthodontic brackets. 200 bovine incisors were divided into 10 groups. Four different lingual (STB, Ormco; TTR, Rocky Mountain Orthodontics; Idea, Leone; 2D, Forestadent) and vestibular control (Victory, 3M) brackets were bonded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900069/current-issues-and-improvement-of-the-korea-dental-hygienist-national-licensing-examination-a-dental-hygienists-expert-delphi-survey
#9
Yoon-Sook Hwang, Hyun-Sook Kang, Soo-Hwa Kim, Hee-Jung Moon, Sun-Mi Lee, Jae-Yeon Jung, Su-Jeong Hwang, Jung-Eun Ha
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the current issue and improvement issue of the Korea Dental Hygienist National Licensing Examination (KDHNLE) through expert Delphi survey. Methods: Delphi survey was conducted from May through August, 2016 in Korea. This Delphi survey included 20 persons who represent dental hygiene (seven groups of dental hygiene-related organizations). Delphi survey was applied as 3 round questionnaire surveys though e-mail regarding the issues and solutions of the KDHNLE...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#10
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895677/can-babies-oral-wipes-with-fluoride-and-or-calcium-glycerophosphate-prevent-cariogenic-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Karla M Rezende, Juliana P Zuim, Thiago S Carvalho, Maria S Côrrea, Marcelo Bönecker
BACKGROUND: The difficulties in reaching a good level of oral hygiene in young babies can be partly overcome with the use of baby oral wipes, which have been shown to effectively remove plaque from deciduous teeth. The presence of fluoride and calcium in these wipes could also prevent further demineralisation of the teeth, as well as promote remineralisation. The aim of this study is, therefore, was to analyze the preventive effect of OW containing F and CaGP on cariogenic demineralization in vitro...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893041/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-among-5-15-year-old-school-children-in-shimoga-city-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Shivananda Gudal Soumya, Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa Shashibhushan, Muttugadur Chandrappa Pradeep, Prashant Babaji, Vundela Rajashekar Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Dental problems can be avoided if identified at an early stage. There is no data on oral health status of school going children in Karnataka state's Shimoga city. AIM: To evaluate oral health status of school going children among 5-15-year-old in Shimoga city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1458 government and private school children aged 5-6, 9-10 and 14-15 years...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#13
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886310/risk-factors-associated-with-oral-and-maxillofacial-benign-tumors-a-case-control-study
#15
H-J Fang
This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for oral and maxillofacial benign tumors (OMFBTs). A total of 138 patients diagnosed with OMFBTs between September 2010 and September 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical data including demographic characteristics, smoking and drinking status, dietary habit, oral hygiene and tumor related family history were collected and compared with 134 cases of healthy people who visited the hospital for physical examination during the same time. Logistic regression analysis was performed for multivariable regression analysis...
August 22, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884829/preventive-dental-care-among-medicaid-enrolled-senior-adults-from-community-to-nursing-facility-residence
#16
Mary C Kelly, Daniel J Caplan, Mercedes Bern-Klug, Howard J Cowen, Marsha A Cunningham-Ford, Leonardo Marchini, Elizabeth T Momany
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the utilization rate of preventive oral health care services while senior adults were community-dwelling differed from the rate after those same senior adults were admitted to nursing facilities. A secondary objective was to evaluate other significant predictors of receipt of preventive oral health procedures after nursing facility entry. METHODS: Iowa Medicaid claims from 2007-2014 were accessed for adults who were 68+ years upon entry to a nursing facility and continuously enrolled in Medicaid for at least three years before and at least two years after admission (n = 874)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883590/peri-implantitis-and-the-prosthodontist
#17
A Dawood, B Marti Marti, S Tanner
Peri-implantitis has been described as progressive crestal bone loss around a dental implant. The condition is poorly understood, and is challenging to manage; it is commonly and widely attributed to issues with the implant, the implant surface, surgical technique and oral hygiene. The effect of prosthodontic stages of treatment on the postoperatively established state has not been adequately investigated. It is the authors' contention that the manner in which the implant is restored contributes significantly to prognosis and peri-implant disease experience, and that the role of prosthodontic aspects of treatment in the causation of peri-implantitis may be seriously underestimated...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879344/prognosis-after-treatment-with-multiple-dental-implants-under-general-anesthesia-and-sedation-in-a-cerebral-palsy-patient-with-mental-retardation-a-case-report
#18
Young-Joon Hong, Jung-Bae Dan, Myung-Jin Kim, Hyun Jeong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo
Cerebral palsy is a non-progressive disorder resulting from central nervous system damage caused by multiple factors. Almost all cerebral palsy patients have a movement disorder that makes dental treatment difficult. Oral hygiene management is difficult and the risks for periodontitis, dental caries and loss of multiple teeth are high. Placement of dental implants for multiple missing teeth in cerebral palsy patients needs multiple rounds of general anesthesia, and the prognosis is poor despite the expense...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879335/use-of-local-anesthetics-for-dental-treatment-during-pregnancy-safety-for-parturient
#19
REVIEW
Ji Min Lee, Teo Jeon Shin
Pregnancy induces significant anatomical and physiological changes in the mother. Many pregnant women need dental treatment due to poor oral hygiene related to pregnancy. However, most dentists are reluctant to provide, and most pregnant women are reluctant to receive, dental treatment during pregnancy. Theoretically, maternally administered drugs are transferred to the fetus. Depending on the types of drugs and the stage of pregnancy, the effects of drugs on the mother, as well as the fetus, may vary. Local anesthetics are the most widely used in dental treatment...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871434/cutaneous-and-mucosal-manifestations-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Elena Generali, Antonio Costanzo, Carlo Mainetti, Carlo Selmi
Sjögren's syndrome is currently considered an "autoimmune epithelitis," as exocrine glands, especially salivary and lacrimal, are progressively destructed by an immune-mediated process associated with specific serum autoantibodies and local lymphocyte infiltrate. Xerostomia remains a key complain in patients with Sjögren's syndrome but should be evaluated also for other causes such as xerogenic medications, followed by radiation and chemotherapy for head and neck cancers, hormone disorders, infections, or other connective tissue diseases...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
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