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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646499/the-association-between-oral-hygiene-and-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Attawood Lertpimonchai, Sasivimol Rattanasiri, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
OBJECTIVE: Dental plaque accumulation and inadequate personal oral hygiene (OH) are known major risk factors of periodontitis. Nevertheless, the magnitude of their effects has not yet been the subject of a meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Medline and Scopus databases were searched up to May 2016. Observational studies were eligible if they assessed associations between OH and periodontitis in adult subjects. A multivariate random-effects meta-analysis was used to pool the effects of fair/poor OH versus good OH on periodontitis across studies...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645686/relationship-between-cardiovascular-disease-and-dental-pathology-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Beatriz González Navarro, Xavier Pintó Sala, Enric Jané Salas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease (ATCD) and localised infections in teeth, including caries and chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) has not been studied much and is not well defined. METHOD: A systematic search was performed using the scientific databases PubMed and Medline from 1989 to 2016. RESULTS: A significant relationship was observed with ATCD in 10 out of 10 studies addressing the degree of oral hygiene, in 14 of 17 that included loss of teeth, in 6 of 12 that analysed caries and in 11 of 15 that included CAP...
June 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643162/dental-caries-a-disease-which-needs-attention
#3
Vijay Prakash Mathur, Jatinder Kaur Dhillon
Dental caries is one of the most prevalent disease (about 50%) in children across the globe. If not treated in time, it can affect not only the mastication function but also the speech, smile and psychosocial environment and the quality of life of the child and the family. The treatment of dental diseases is very expensive in all countries and prevention is very simple and effective. The caries in children below 6 y is called early childhood caries (ECC). It is most commonly caused by milk bottle or mother's feed during night...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642555/chlorhexidine-mouthwash-plaque-levels-and-gingival-health
#4
Derek Richards
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) Medline; clinicaltrials.gov and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform. There were no language or date restrictions on searches.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effects of chlorhexidine mouthrinse used as an adjunct to mechanical oral hygiene procedures for at least four weeks on gingivitis in children and adults.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently abstracted data and assessed risk of bias...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641462/microbiological-control-and-antibacterial-action-of-a-propolis-containing-mouthwash-and-control-of-dental-plaque-in-humans
#5
Karina Basso Santiago, Gilce Maria Piana, Bruno José Conti, Eliza de Oliveira Cardoso, Bruna Fernanda Murbach Teles Andrade, Mirella Rossitto Zanutto, Vera Lúcia Mores Rall, Ary Fernandes, José Maurício Sforcin
Propolis is a bee product with several biological properties. This study aimed at investigating a propolis-containing mouthwash, its organoleptic properties, microbial contamination and its antibacterial action in vitro. This mouthwash was assessed in vivo to control dental plaque in humans. The presence of microorganisms was analyzed and the minimum inhibitory concentration against Streptococcus mutans was determined. A comparative study was done in vivo using propolis, chlorhexidine, and propolis plus chlorhexidine in lower concentrations for 14 days...
June 23, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639846/antibiotic-prophylaxis-is-not-indicated-prior-to-dental-procedures-for-prevention-of-periprosthetic-joint-infections
#6
Willem M H Rademacher, Geert H I M Walenkamp, Dirk Jan F Moojen, Johannes G E Hendriks, Theo A Goedendorp, Frederik R Rozema
Background and purpose - To minimize the risk of hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection (HPJI), international and Dutch guidelines recommended antibiotic prophylaxis prior to dental procedures. Unclear definitions and contradictory recommendations in these guidelines have led to unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions. To formulate new guidelines, a joint committee of the Dutch Orthopaedic and Dental Societies conducted a systematic literature review to answer the following question: can antibiotic prophylaxis be recommended for patients (with joint prostheses) undergoing dental procedures in order to prevent dental HPJI? Methods - The Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), reviews, and observational studies up to July 2015...
June 22, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638551/effectiveness-of-flossing-loops-in-the-control-of-the-gingival-health
#7
Francisco Azcarate-Velázquez, Roberto Garrido-Serrano, Gabriel Castillo-Dalí, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Alfonso Gañán-Calvo, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: One of the key factor in the good condition of periodontal tissues is their daily hygiene. Oral hygiene techniques such brushing and a good interdental hygiene by correct flossing are very important. The aim of this study is to compare the use of dental floss in a loop vs traditional floss in the control of Loe-Silness Gingival Index (IG), Turesky´s Plaque Index (IPT), Gingival Bleeding Index (IS) and the values of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A comparative study of 40 patients in which each patient was his own control, using during 45 days each one of the devices (new loop floss and conventional floss) of interdental hygiene analysed...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636289/loss-of-idealism-or-realistic-optimism-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-dental-hygiene-students-and-registered-dental-hygienists-professional-identity-perceptions
#8
J M Champine, M R Inglehart, D Furgeson, J F Halaris, M Fitzgerald, T E Danciu, J S Kinney
OBJECTIVES: The dental hygiene profession in the U.S. is in the process of establishing a direct access model of care and contributing to the creation of the profession of a dental therapist. The objectives were to analyse the professional role perceptions of dental hygiene students and registered dental hygienists in these times of change. Specifically, it was explored whether dental hygiene students' current professional identities differ (i) from their expected future identities, and (ii) from dental hygienists' current and (iii) past identities...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629318/the-effect-of-a-daily-application-of-a-0-05-chlorhexidine-oral-rinse-solution-on-the-incidence-of-aspiration-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-a-multicenter-study
#9
Vanessa R Y Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Bert J M de Swart, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution is effective in reducing the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents with dysphagia. Associations between background variables (age, gender, dysphagia severity, care dependency, medication use, number of medical diagnoses, teeth and dental implants, and wearing removable dentures) and the incidence of aspiration pneumonia were also examined...
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625857/validation-of-the-visible-occlusal-plaque-index-vopi-in-estimating-caries-lesion-activity
#10
J C Carvalho, H D Mestrinho, L S Oliveira, M M Varjão, N Aimée, V Qvist
OBJECTIVE: The present study appraises the construct validity of the Visible Occlusal Plaque Index (VOPI) along with its sub-types, convergent and discriminant validity. METHODS: 618 10-15year old Brazilian adolescents were included. The VOPI has a four-point ordinal scale ranging from no plaque to heavy plaque. VOPI scores and caries status on permanent molars were mapped and recorded at individual anatomical sites of the groove-fossa-system and at surface level...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#11
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621269/tooth-wear-patterns-among-khat-and-shammah-users-in-jazan-city-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Mohammed E Sayed, Ammar D Hamdi, Bassam M Hakami, Maryam H Mugri, Shilpa H Bhandi
AIM: The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the para-functional jaw activities that accompany them, on the structure and integrity of the natural dentition has not yet been investigated. The literature lacks studies that identify the patterns of tooth wear among Khat and Shammah users. Therefore, this study is the first attempt to address this concern in Jazan City population, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 300 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620634/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-children-aged-2-4-years-old-in-mbeya-city-tanzania
#13
Hery Mwakayoka, Joyce Rose Masalu, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Dental caries in infants and young children is prevalent worldwide; its magnitude and associated factors vary between communities because of cultural and social economic differences. No such information was available for pre-school children in Mbeya city. PURPOSE: To determine dental caries status and associated factors in 2 to 4-year-old children in Mbeya city. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted among 525 children aged 2-4 years and their parents/caregivers...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617399/-specific-age-related-and-gender-related-features-in-oral-status
#14
V Yu Doroshina, E G Margaryan, M G Arakelyan
The aim of the study was to assess age and gender related features of oral status and oral hygiene. The study included 234 patients (76 males and 158 females) aged 25 to 74 years. It is proved that females have more dental appointments than males mostly because of specific oral conditions associated with pregnancy and menopause as well as better compliance with prevention programs. Thus, females require more intense follow-up than males which should be taken into consideration in treatment and follow-up plans...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613022/parental-attitudes-towards-oral-health-and-caries-risk-in-their-children
#15
J H Vermaire, Nja van Exel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether parents can be matched with attitudes towards oral health by means of a short vignette sheet, developed based on the results of an earlier Q-methodological study. Furthermore, this study aims to explore how the attitudes associate with diet and oral hygiene habits and with clinical outcomes in children. METHODS: A total of 170 parents of 6- to 9-year-old children completed a questionnaire including the vignette sheet and clinical scores (oral hygiene, caries) were retrieved from the follow-up measurement of a RCT on caries-preventive measures...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612363/the-effect-of-dental-health-education-on-pregnant-women-s-adherence-with-toothbrushing-and-flossing-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Suad Al Khamis, Koula Asimakopoulou, Tim Newton, Blanaid Daly
OBJECTIVES: In a three-arm randomized control trial, this study compared the efficacy of dental health education (DHE) with or without a planning intervention on adherence to oral health-related behaviours. METHODS: Women (N=154) in their second trimester of pregnancy attending three maternal healthcare clinics in Kuwait completed an assessment of social cognitions and oral health behaviours before a debris and gingival assessment (Plaque Index [PI], Gingival Index [GI]) was undertaken; this was repeated at 1 month...
June 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599961/charcoal-and-charcoal-based-dentifrices-a-literature-review
#17
REVIEW
John K Brooks, Nasir Bashirelahi, Mark A Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Sales of charcoal dentifrices and powders have rapidly emerged into the Internet marketplace. The authors conducted a literature review to examine the efficacy and safety of charcoal and charcoal-based dentifrices. METHODS: The authors searched the MEDLINE and Scopus databases for clinical studies on the use of charcoal and charcoal-based dentifrices and laboratory investigations on the bioactivity or toxicity of charcoal and charcoal-based dentifrices, published through February 2017...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597836/%C3%A3-propos-d-un-cas-de-r%C3%A3-sorptions-radiculaires-s%C3%A3-v%C3%A3-res-en-orthodontie-quelle-%C3%A3-tiologie-et-quelle-prise-en-charge-orthodontics-and-root-resorptions-a-clinical-case
#18
Charles Dubernard, Fany Cuminetti, Pierre Canal
INTRODUCTION: Root resorptions are, with white spots, some of the inconveniences caused by orthodontic treatments. Although they are rare, they should not be ignored despite the many benefits gained by orthodontic treatment. Contrary to white spots, which are controllable by good dental hygiene, root resorptions can occur despite patient cooperation. Orthodontists should be aware of this phenomenon and make regular radiologic controls a priority for detection "before, during and after" treatment...
June 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589230/the-immune-response-in-periodontal-tissues
#19
REVIEW
Małgorzata Nędzi-Góra, Jan Kowalski, Renata Górska
The uniqueness of periodontal diseases is caused by several factors. This group of diseases is caused by numerous bacterial species formed in the dental biofilm, and one cannot distinguish the specific pathogen that is responsible for the disease initiation or progress (though Gram-negative anaerobic rods are associated with the advanced form of the disease). The disease is both infectious and inflammatory in its nature, and in the state of health there is always a subclinical level of inflammatory response, caused by the so-called harmless bacteria...
June 6, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584780/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-phone-based-education-program-in-educating-mothers-as-oral-health-providers-in-two-regions-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Saleh Ali AlKlayb, Mansour K Assery, AlJohara AlQahtani, Madawy AlAnazi, Sharat Chandra Pani
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The penetration of mobile phone devices is widespread across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Recently, there has been evidence of the success of phone-based applications in the provision of preventive oral health care to children and their parents. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a mobile phone-based application in educating mothers of children aged below 6 years of age in preventive dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A mobile phone-based application (iTeethey™) was developed for iPhone and Android and made freely available on Google Play and App Store...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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