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Dental hygiene

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790772/influence-of-occlusal-characteristics-food-intake-and-oral-hygiene-habits-on-dental-caries-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
D Giugliano, F d'Apuzzo, A Majorana, G Campus, F Nucci, C Flores-Mir, L Perillo
AIM: Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents' education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786654/a-comparative-study-of-oral-health-status-between-international-and-japanese-university-student-patients-in-japan
#2
Ai Ohsato, Masanobu Abe, Kazumi Ohkubo, Hidemi Yoshimasu, Liang Zong, Kazuto Hoshi, Tsuyoshi Takato, Shintaro Yanagimoto, Kazuhiko Yamamoto
Background: The number of international students enrolled in universities in Japan is increasing. To provide better oral care services for international students, we have to understand their oral environment and dental health behaviors. However, few studies have investigated the oral health status of international university students. The object of the present study was to clarify the current oral status of international university students. Methods: The subjects were students who visited the dental department at the University of Tokyo's Health Services Center between April 2012 and March 2013...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#3
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#4
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#5
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780740/impact-of-sense-of-coherence-on-oral-health-among-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Shaik Ijaz Ahmed, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Aim and Objectives: To assess the sense of coherence (SOC) and the impact of SOC on oral hygiene behaviors and oral health status among bus drivers in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2017. Cluster random sampling methodology was used for the selection of drivers. Five depots were randomly selected from the list of various Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation depots in Nellore district...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777534/is-it-necessary-to-have-a-dentist-within-an-intensive-care-unit-team-report-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766564/personal-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#8
Philippe Pierre Hujoel, Margaux Louise A Hujoel, Georgios A Kotsakis
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomised trials assessing the association between personal oral hygiene and dental caries in the absence of the confounding effects of fluoride. BACKGROUND: Dental caries continues to affect close to 100% of the global population. There is a century-old conflict on whether dental caries is caused by poor oral hygiene or poorly formed teeth (ie, teeth with dental defects). Resolving this conflict is of significant public health importance as these two hypotheses on dental caries aetiology can lead to different prevention strategies...
May 15, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766413/dental-plaque-disclosure-as-an-auxiliary-method-for-infants-oral-hygiene
#9
C A B Cardoso, N M Santos, M L C Fracasso, M G A Provenzano, T M Oliveira, D Rios
AIM: This was to evaluate the effectiveness of plaque disclosure as an auxiliary method for early childhoods' oral hygiene. METHODS: The study was performed with 20 mothers and their children (aged 6-36 months), members of a preventive programme, which two groups used one of two approaches: conventional oral hygiene/group I (tooth brushing) and plaque disclosure with subsequent oral hygiene/group II (tooth brushing with prior plaque disclosure). Ten mothers started the study in group I and the other 10 in group II, after one month interval they changed to be in the alternate group...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763353/effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-on-salivary-cariogenic-bacterial-counts-among-groups-of-preschool-children-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Eman S Almabadi, Eman A El Ashiry, Douaa A El Derwi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli reuteri lozenges on caries-associated salivary bacterial counts (Mutans streptococci and Lactobacillus), dental plaque accumulation, and salivary buffer capacity in a group of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: The study group consisted of 178 healthy children (aged 3-6 years). Children were randomly grouped: the experimental group (n = 90) received L. reuteri probiotic lozenges and the control group (n = 88) received placebo lozenges, twice daily, for 28 days...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761342/impact-of-oral-hygiene-and-socio-demographic-factors-on-dental-caries-in-a-suburban-population-in-nigeria
#11
T A Oyedele, A D Fadeju, Y I Adeyemo, C L Nzomiwu, A M Ladeji
AIM: This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. METHODOLOGY: This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S)...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760825/a-current-approach-to-halitosis-and-oral-malodor-a-mini-review
#12
REVIEW
Damla Aksit Bicak
Background: Halitosis, in other words, oral malodor is an important multifactorial health problem affecting the psychological and social life of individuals and is the most common reason for referral to dentists after dental caries and periodontal diseases. Objective: The objective of this review was to present and discuss conventional and recently introduced information about the types, causes, detection and treatment methods of halitosis. Methods: An expanded literature review was conducted which targeted all articles published in peer-reviewed journals relating to the topic of halitosis...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758151/clinical-effects-of-stabilized-stannous-fluoride-dentifrice-in-reducing-plaque-microbial-virulence-ii-metabonomic-changes
#13
Michael Cannon, Deepa Khambe, Malgorzata Klukowska, David L Ramsey, Melanie Miner, Tom Huggins, Donald J White
OBJECTIVES: The clinical effects of stannous fluoride (SnF2) dentifrice in reducing symptoms of gingivitis and reducing the virulence of subgingival plaque through suppression of activation of gene expression in toll receptor based reporter cells were previously reported. This study expanded analysis of the clinical study to include evaluation of dentifrice effects on salivary metabolites using 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR) systems biology-based metabonomics. METHODS: The clinical design was reported previously (J Clin Dent2017;28:16-26)...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754197/efficacy-and-acceptance-of-professional-dental-cleaning-among-nursing-home-residents
#14
Anna Greta Barbe, Hannah Elisa Kottmann, Stefanie Hamacher, Sonja Henny Maria Derman, Michael Johannes Noack
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of general and oral health status of nursing home residents in Germany on efficacy and acceptance of professional dental cleaning performed by a dental nurse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (N = 41; mean age 83 ± 8 years) living in a nursing home were included. Personal and general health, oral health, oral hygiene habits, and needs were investigated. Individual acceptance regarding professional dental cleaning via different devices (scaler, interdental brushes, ultrasonic cleaning) was assessed, as was the efficacy of this method using after-cleaning indices...
May 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754153/-implementation-of-effective-infection-control-furnishing-a-dental-practice
#15
A M G A Laheij, J J de Soet, C M C Volgenant
The increasing resistance to antibiotics and the aging of the population of patients who visit the dental practice can lead to more frequent infections with (resistant) microorganisms. The prevention of cross contamination by the implementation of effective measures in the area of hygiene and procedures of infection control is therefore important. The furnishing of a dental practice can play an important part in prevention. What are the important issues in furnishing a practice? A distinction is made between 'critical' and 'non-critical' rooms...
May 2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748950/the-trends-in-consumption-patterns-of-toothbrushes-and-toothpastes-in-lebanon
#16
Mounir Doumit, Fida Al Sayah
Background: The prevalence of dental cavities has been rising especially during the past ten years. Tooth brushing twice a day using a fluoridated toothpaste is a crucial preventive measure. The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the yearly use of 6 tubes of toothpaste of 170g each and 4 toothbrushes per individual. Aim: To evaluate the individual yearly consumption of toothpaste tubes and toothbrushes in Lebanon using the amount supplied to the market as a proxy measure after checking if the products meet the standards...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747055/multiple-brain-abscess-after-professional-tooth-cleaning-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Massimo Viviano, Serena Cocca
Brain abscess (BA) is an encapsulated infection and can be the consequence of head and cranio-maxillo-facial surgery or trauma, or may be secondary to cavernous thrombophlebitis, but is most frequently due to hematogenous septic dissemination from an adjacent site of infection, such as the paranasal sinuses, middle ear or oral cavity. We report a rare and unfortunate case of multiple BA caused by dental procedures in a young man with undiagnosed patent foramen ovale (PFO). Simple routine dental procedures, such as tooth brushing and professional oral hygiene, can predispose to life-threatening conditions...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744197/influence-of-full-mouth-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-disabled-children
#18
Abeer M Al-Nowaiser, Abdulaziz S Al Suwyed, Khalid H Al Zoman, Asirvatham A Robert, Tarfa Al Brahim, Sebastian G Ciancio, Sultan A Al Mubarak, Omar A El Meligy
The efficacy of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) on oral health-related quality of life of physically disabled children was assessed. This prospective study was performed at Dental Department of Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, and King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during May 2012 to September 2014. A total of 186 physically disabled children aged 11-14 years were assigned to a test group (n = 97) or a control group (n = 89). FMR was applied for test group children at baseline and 3 months' visits, whereas those in the control group did not receive FMR...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741239/the-effect-of-tooth-brushing-and-flossing-sequence-on-interdental-plaque-reduction-and-fluoride-retention-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Fatemeh Mazhari, Marzie Boskabady, Amir Moeintaghavi, Atieh Habibi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Mechanical plaque control methods such as brushing and flossing are highly recommended to remove dental plaque. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of the sequence of brushing and flossing on reducing interdental plaque and increasing fluoride retention in that area. METHODS: This randomized controlled crossover trial was conducted on 25 dental students. After prophylaxis, they were asked to discontinue all forms of oral hygiene for 48 hours...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740720/predictors-of-dental-plaque-and-gingivitis-in-patients-receiving-integrated-dental-treatment-a-longitudinal-retrospective-study
#20
Bárbara Rocha Christofoli, Natália Caldeira Silva, João Augusto Peixoto Oliveira, Marilene Issa Fernandes, Alex Nogueira Haas
OBJECTIVES: The identification of predictors of supragingival biofilm accumulation may improve the results of therapeutic strategies for dental caries and periodontal diseases in general clinical practice. This study aimed to determine predictors of changes in visible plaque (VP) and gingival bleeding (GB) during integrated dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted by a census of patients receiving integrated dental care in a general clinical practice ambulatory at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)...
May 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
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