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Interpersonal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766143/when-should-screening-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-for-adult-behaviors-start
#1
Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher, Kevin M Schuster, Kimberly A Davis
Background: Care of patients with trauma is not only limited to the sustained physical injuries but also requires addressing social issues, such as substance abuse and interpersonal violence, which are responsible for trauma-related recidivism. This study investigates whether there are age-related variations in these problematic social behaviors to analyze whether there is an age cut-off at which point adolescents should be screened for adult social behaviors. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with trauma aged 12-21 admitted to an urban Level 1 adult and pediatric trauma center between February 2013 and April 2016...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755256/alliance-across-group-treatment-for-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-the-role-of-interpersonal-trauma-and-treatment-type
#2
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Scott D Litwack, Karen A Ryabchenko, Barbara L Niles, J Gayle Beck, William Unger, Denise M Sloan
Objective: Examine initial levels and pattern of change of alliance in group treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for veterans. Method: One hundred and seventy-eight male veterans with PTSD were recruited for this study. Participants were randomly assigned to either group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) or to group present-centered therapy (GPCT). Alliance with fellow group members was assessed every other session throughout the group (total of seven assessments)...
March 2018: Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733669/suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-natural-disaster-the-role-of-prior-interpersonal-violence
#3
Kelly L Zuromski, Heidi Resnick, Matthew Price, Sandro Galea, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined variables, including prior traumatic events, disaster exposure, and current mental health symptomatology, associated with suicidal ideation following experience of a natural disaster. METHOD: Utilizing a sample of 2,000 adolescents exposed to the spring 2011 tornadoes in the areas surrounding Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, we hypothesized that prior interpersonal violence (IPV), more so than other prior traumatic events or other symptoms, would be associated with suicidal ideation after the disaster...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725700/profiles-of-childhood-trauma-and-psychopathology-us-national-epidemiologic-survey
#4
Emma Curran, Gary Adamson, Michael Rosato, Paul De Cock, Gerard Leavey
PURPOSE: Childhood trauma may increase vulnerability to numerous specific psychiatric disorders, or a generalised liability to experience dimensions of internalising or externalising psychopathology. We use a nationally representative sample (N = 34,653) to examine the long-term consequences of childhood trauma and their combined effect as predictors of subsequent psychopathology. METHODS: Data from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions were used...
May 3, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723030/trauma-characteristics-and-posttraumatic-growth-the-mediating-role-of-avoidance-coping-intrusive-thoughts-and-social-support
#5
Matthew Brooks, Nicola Graham-Kevan, Sarita Robinson, Michelle Lowe
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests trauma characteristics can impact on posttraumatic growth (PTG). The current study considers whether previously identified predictors of PTG may produce different outcomes dependent on the characteristics of the trauma experienced. METHOD: Active coping, avoidant coping, emotional coping, intrusive thoughts, social support, and spirituality were examined as potential mediators of relationships between trauma characteristics (interpersonal trauma, number of trauma types, and childhood trauma) and PTG...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695220/trauma-history-and-social-support-among-american-indian-alaska-native-and-non-native-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#6
Rachel L Burrage, MaryBeth Gagnon, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Social support (SS) is one of the most important protective factors against the deleterious effects of trauma exposure on mental health, but only a few studies have looked at predictors of SS among trauma-exposed populations. This study examines what predicts SS from friends, family, and other significant individuals in an ethnically diverse group of 61 women residing in Alaskan shelters for women who have experienced Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Results from bivariate tests indicated that survivors who identified as American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN) reported significantly higher SS from family ( M = 5...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684628/inflammatory-markers-and-their-possible-effects-on-cognitive-function-in-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Risa Imai, Hiroaki Hori, Mariko Itoh, Mingming Lin, Madoka Niwa, Keiko Ino, Sei Ogawa, Makiko Ishida, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Mie Matsui, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiko Kamo, Yoshiharu Kim
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with increased inflammation, albeit with some controversy. Another key feature of PTSD is compromised function in wide-ranging cognitive domains. Increased peripheral inflammation can contribute to cognitive dysfunction, although this relationship has not been studied in patients with PTSD. Here, we examined blood inflammatory markers in adult patients with PTSD compared to healthy controls taking account of potentially confounding effects of childhood maltreatment and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), and explored the association between inflammation and cognition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683375/-developmental-trauma-disorder-dtd-in-children-and-adolescents-results-from-a-patient-population-at-the-special-consultation-hour-for-traumatized-children-and-adolescents
#8
Franka Metzner, Kristina Dahm, Hertha Richter-Appelt, Silke Pawils, Miriam Juliane Moulaa-Edmondson, Kerstin Stellermann-Strehlow
Objective: Children and adolescents who have experienced interpersonal Type-II-trauma often develop symptoms going far beyond the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Van der Kolk (2009) suggested the Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) to define the extensive symptomatology; however, research on DTD is limited. Method: Frequency and group differences of DTD were examined based on physicians’ letters of n = 161 patients between one and 18 years (61 % female) from an out-patient unit for traumatized patients at a paediatric and adolescent psychiatry...
April 23, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672540/the-impact-of-attachment-distress-on-affect-centered-mentalization-an-experimental-study-in-psychosomatic-patients-and-healthy-adults
#9
Anna S Herrmann, Manfred E Beutel, Katharina Gerzymisch, Richard D Lane, Janine Pastore-Molitor, Jörg Wiltink, Rüdiger Zwerenz, Mita Banerjee, Claudia Subic-Wrana
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the impact of attachment distress on affect-centered mentalization in a clinical and a non-clinical sample, comparing mentalization in a baseline condition to mentalization under a condition of attachment distress. METHODS: The sample consisted of 127 adults who underwent inpatient psychosomatic treatment, and 34 mentally healthy adults. Affect-centered mentalization was assessed by analyzing participants' narratives on interpersonal situations in a baseline condition with the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS), and an experimental condition inducing attachment distress with the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672245/intimate-partner-violence-trauma-and-mental-health-need-among-female-community-college-students
#10
Rachel J Voth Schrag, Tonya E Edmond
The impact of interpersonal violence on college students has received considerable recent attention, yet no studies have been conducted among community college students. These students comprise over 40% of all American college students, and may have unique risk factors and needs. These students are more likely than their peers at 4 year institutions to be women, people of color, working, parenting, and first generation college students. The current study uses a simple random sample of students from four campuses (n = 435) to assess the extent of intimate partner violence, trauma exposure, sexual violence victimization, and associated mental health consequences among female students attending community college...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672106/mmpi-2-rf-characteristics-of-veterans-seeking-treatment-for-military-sexual-trauma
#11
Eliza S McManus, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Madeline Uddo, C Laurel Franklin
Military sexual trauma (MST) is defined as experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening, harassment during military service. MST events may not qualify within posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Criterion A, making symptoms associated with MST unique from trauma-related disorders. Little research has been done to understand those presenting for MST treatment. Thus, this article provides Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) scores of 33 U.S. veterans who experienced MST in an effort to better understand psychological and personality characteristics of this important and unique group of veterans...
April 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664890/health-literacy-and-quality-of-physician-trauma-patient-communication-opportunity-for-improvement
#12
Jonathan L Dameworth, Jordan A Weinberg, Pamela W Goslar, Dana J Stout, Sharjeel Israr, Jordan V Jacobs, Thomas L Gillespie, Terrell M Thompson, Scott R Petersen
BACKGROUND: Although physician-patient communication and health literacy (HL) have been studied in diverse patient groups, there has been little focus on trauma patients. A quality improvement project was undertaken at our level 1 trauma center to improve patient perception of physician-patient communication, with consideration of the effect of HL. We report the first phase of this project, namely the reference level of satisfaction with physician-patient communication as measured by levels of interpersonal care among patients at an urban level 1 trauma center...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661117/sexual-victimization-and-mental-illness-prevalence-rates-among-incarcerated-women-a-literature-review
#13
Marie E Karlsson, Melissa J Zielinski
Incarcerated women evidence high rates of both interpersonal trauma and mental illness. In particular, the rates of sexual violence victimization are so high that some researchers have suggested that sexual abuse may be a pathway to prison for women, likely through the development of mental illness, including substance abuse. This review article summarizes the literature on sexual victimization ( n = 32 articles; 28 independent studies) and mental illness ( n = 11 articles; 8 independent studies) prevalence among samples of incarcerated women ( Ns ≥ 100) in context of methodological choices within included articles...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642769/themes-of-healing-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-women-survivors-narratives-of-intimate-partner-violence
#14
Cassandra D'Amore, Stephanie L Martin, Karen Wood, Carolyn Brooks
Research on the effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on women demonstrates the significant physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual consequences of this form of interpersonal trauma. It is well documented that experiencing IPV can have devastating consequences to women's physical and mental health, overall well-being, and quality of life, as well as that of their children's. However, a small, predominantly qualitative body of research exists on women's experience of and capacity for healing from the effects of IPV, but more research is needed to advance theory and practice in this important area...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627104/a-systematic-review-of-social-stress-and-mental-health-among-transgender-and-gender-non-conforming-people-in-the-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Sarah E Valentine, Jillian C Shipherd
Transgender and gender non-conforming (TGNC) populations, including those who do not identify with gender binary constructs (man or woman) are increasingly recognized in health care settings. Research on the health of TGNC people is growing, and disparities are often noted. In this review, we examine 77 studies published between January 1, 1997 and March 22, 2017 which reported mental health outcomes in TGNC populations to (a) characterize what is known about mental health outcomes and (b) describe what gaps persist in this literature...
March 28, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626785/men-s-experiences-of-early-life-trauma-and-pathways-into-long-term-homelessness
#16
Julia Woodhall-Melnik, James R Dunn, Stephen Svenson, Caroline Patterson, Flora I Matheson
Previous studies that have explored the association between childhood trauma and homelessness indicate that traumatic events can lead to survivor distrust of interpersonal relationships and institutions, prolonged homelessness and poor health and social outcomes. The majority of this literature relies on quantitative data and fails to investigate the personal experiences of childhood trauma that are found to impact housing status later in life. Semi-structured, qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 men living in an urban area in Ontario who had spent more than 30 consecutive nights in an emergency shelter over the course of their housing histories...
April 4, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611781/stars-experiential-group-intervention-a-complex-trauma-treatment-approach-for-survivors-of-human-trafficking
#17
Elizabeth K Hopper, Naomi Azar, Sriya Bhattacharyya, Dominique A Malebranche, Kelsey E Brennan
This is the abstract that was submitted online with the paper: Despite the fact that many survivors of human trafficking have experienced complex trauma, there are no established interventions designed to specifically address these impacts. Leaders in the field of complex trauma have advocated for the need for somatic approaches to intervention. This paper presents STARS Experiential Group treatment, the first structured bodybased group intervention that has been designed to address complex trauma in survivors of human trafficking...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#18
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605169/burnout-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-paediatric-critical-care-personnel-prediction-from-resilience-and-coping-styles
#19
Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Alba Palacios, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Elena Pérez, Elena Álvarez, Ana Coca, Santiago Mencía, Ana Marcos, Juan Mayordomo-Colunga, Francisco Fernández, Fernando Gómez, Jaime Cruz, Olga Ordóñez, Ana Llorente
INTRODUCTION: Our aims were (1) to explore the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of Spanish staff working in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and compare these rates with a sample of general paediatric staff and (2) to explore how resilience, coping strategies, and professional and demographic variables influence BOS and PTSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a multicentre, cross-sectional study. Data were collected in the PICU and in other paediatric wards of nine hospitals...
March 28, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601291/on-hate-crime-victimization-rates-types-and-links-with-suicide-risk-among-sexual-orientation-minority-special-interest-group-members
#20
Robert J Cramer, Susan Wright, Molly M Long, Nestor D Kapusta, Matt R Nobles, Tess M Gemberling, Hayley J Wechsler
Hate crimes remain pressing traumatic events for sexual orientation minority adults. Previous literature documents patterns in which hate crime victimization is associated with elevated risk for poor mental health. The present paper held 2 aims to advance literature. First, we investigated the rates and types of hate crime victimization among sexual orientation minority adults. Second, adopting a mental health amplification risk model, we evaluated whether symptoms of depression, impulsivity, or post-traumatic stress exacerbated the hate crime victimization-suicide risk link...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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