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Interpersonal trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918323/group-psychotherapeutic-factors-and-perceived-social-support-among-veterans-with-ptsd-symptoms
#1
Daniel W Cox, Jess J Owen, John S Ogrodniczuk
One of the most potent protective factors against psychiatric symptoms after military trauma is perceived social support. Although group psychotherapy has been linked with increasing social support, no research has evaluated which therapeutic mechanisms are associated with this increase beyond symptom reduction. We investigated which interpersonal therapeutic factors were related to changes in social support, beyond posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom reduction. Participants were 117 veterans in a multimodal outpatient group psychotherapy treatment designed to reduce PTSD symptoms and interpersonal difficulties...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900824/mandibular-angle-fractures-a-comparative-study-between-one-and-two-plate-fixation
#2
Marcelo Silva Monnazzi, Marisa Ap Cabrini Gabrielli, Mário Francisco Real Gabrielli, Alexandre Elias Trivellato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The mandibular angle fracture is a challenging fracture to manage. Over time, the literature has shown many types of treatment modalities and different kinds of internal fixation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of mandibular angle fractures managed by Champy's technique and two-plate fixation, over a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 149 patients with 155 angle fractures fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were chosen for this study...
November 7, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883207/interpersonal-psychological-theory-alexithymia-and-personality-predict-suicide-ideation-among-maladjusted-soldiers-in-taiwan
#3
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
This case-control study enrolled 226 maladjusted soldiers and 229 controls to investigate the impact of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, alexithymia, personality, and childhood trauma on suicide risk among Taiwanese soldiers. Assessments included the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Eysenck Personality Inventory, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Brief Symptom Rating Scale. In addition to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, other risks included less extraversion with higher neuroticism, higher alexithymia, poor academic performance, domestic violence, and life-threatening events...
November 24, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871133/civilian-cerebral-gunshot-wounds-a-south-african-experience
#4
Victor Kong, Jocinta Odendaal, Benn Sartorius, Damian Clarke, Petra Brysiewicz, Ellen Jerome, John Bruce, Grant Laing
BACKGROUND: Cerebral gunshot wounds represent one of the most lethal forms of traumatic brain injury, but there is a paucity of literature on the topic, especially from the developing world. We reviewed our experience and describe the spectrum and outcome of civilian cerebral gunshot wounds in a major metropolitan trauma centre in South Africa. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all patients with isolated cerebral gunshot wounds managed by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service over a 5-year period from 2010 to 2014...
November 21, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845523/using-the-trauma-film-paradigm-to-explore-interpersonal-processes-after-trauma-exposure
#5
Matthew J Woodward, J Gayle Beck
OBJECTIVE: The present study sought to examine ways in which social support might influence trauma symptoms using a variation of the trauma film paradigm. METHOD: Sixty-seven undergraduate female students in romantic relationships were randomized to watch a stressful film clip depicting a sexual assault, either in the presence (PP) or absence (PA) of their romantic partner. RESULTS: Analyses showed that the PP condition experienced more intrusive memories of the film than the PA condition...
June 16, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825662/talk-the-talk-implementing-a-communication-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#6
Anna B Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Melissa Porrey, Jeffrey Wright, Franco Piscitani, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones provide a framework of specific interpersonal and communication skills that surgical trainees should aim to master. However, training and assessment of resident nontechnical skills remains challenging. We aimed to develop and implement a curriculum incorporating interactive learning principles such as group discussion and simulation-based scenarios to formalize instruction in patient-centered communication skills, and to identify best practices when building such a program...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822303/emotional-dysregulation-and-trauma-predicting-psychopathy-dimensions-in-female-and-male-juvenile-offenders
#7
Kathrin Sevecke, Sebastian Franke, David Kosson, Maya Krischer
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy is a specific syndrome that predicts future violent and aggressive behavior in adults. Studies in youth and adults have demonstrated a strong association between early traumatic incidents and later dissocial behavior. Moreover, the impact of personality pathology and emotional dysregulation on aggressive and violent behavior is well established. However, few studies have addressed the relationship between early traumatization and psychopathic traits in adolescents...
2016: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810723/predictors-of-suicidal-ideation-among-active-duty-military-personnel-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Carmen P McLean, Yinyin Zang, Laurie Zandberg, Craig J Bryan, Natalie Gay, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: Given the alarming rate of military suicides, it is critical to identify the factors that increase risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among active duty military personnel. METHODS: This study examined a predictive model of suicidal ideation among 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan. Structural equation modeling was employed to examine the relative contribution of combat exposure, social support, PTSD severity, depressive symptoms, guilt, and trauma-related cognitions on suicidal ideation...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807203/characteristics-of-brazilian-offenders-and-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sérgio d'Avila, Ana Cristina Campos, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of Brazilian offenders and victims of interpersonal violence, following a medicolegal and forensic perspective. A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed in a Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry. The sample was made up of 1,704 victims of nonlethal interpersonal violence with some type of trauma. The victims were subject to forensic examinations by a criminal investigative team that identified and recorded the extent of the injuries. For data collection, a specific form was designed consisting of four parts according to the information provided in the medicolegal and social records: sociodemographic data of the victims, offender's characteristics, aggression characteristics, and types of injuries...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797667/how-yoga-helps-heal-interpersonal-trauma-perspectives-and-themes-from-11-interpersonal-trauma-survivors
#10
Ashley W Gulden, Len Jennings
Trauma is ubiquitous in our society; therefore, it is important to explore how individuals cultivate healing after traumatic experiences. Yoga may be one avenue to cultivate healing. Qualitative methods were employed to study the role yoga practice played in the healing process of those who experienced interpersonal trauma. Eleven interpersonal trauma survivors who practiced yoga regularly were identified through a criterion sampling method. Data analysis revealed that the emphasis of yoga on mind and physical body fostered numerous positive outcomes, such as spiritual growth, self-acceptance, alleviation of trauma-related symptoms, and increased feelings of self-compassion, empowerment, and serenity...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797566/symptoms-and-beyond-self-concept-among-sexually-assaulted-women
#11
Hadar Keshet, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
Objective: The unique characteristics of sexual assault (SA)-a toxic mix of an interpersonal harm, a violent exploitation of one's body, and a transformation of an act of connectedness into an act of submission-are postulated to negatively affect the self-concept. We sought to deepen the understanding of self-concept impairments among sexually assaulted women with varying levels of posttraumatic distress. To this end, we compared women with a main trauma of SA to women with a main trauma of motor-vehicle accident (MVA) and to nontraumatized (NT) women on several self-concept aspects...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796624/violence-trauma-mental-health-and-substance-use-among-homeless-youth-juggalos
#12
Robin Petering, Harmony Rhoades, Hailey Winetrobe, David Dent, Eric Rice
Insane Clown Posse is a musical duo whose fans are known as Juggalos. Many homeless youths (HY) identify as Juggalos, most likely because the group's music embraces poverty and being an outsider in mainstream society. Juggalos are stereotyped as being violent, undereducated, poor, racist, crime-committing youth, and in 2011 the FBI officially labeled Juggalos as a gang. However, little is known about the intersection of HY and Juggalos. A convenience sample of Los Angeles-area, drop-in service-seeking HY completed a self-administered questionnaire (N = 495)...
October 28, 2016: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791498/exploring-the-interconnected-trauma-of-personal-social-and-structural-stressors-making-sense-of-senseless-violence
#13
Mona M Abo-Zena
Although violence is a timeless characteristic of human behavior and history, its prevalence and many forms are proliferated repeatedly through the media. In particular, "senseless" violence against both random and targeted victims puzzles and petrifies onlookers and survivors. Integrating developmental psychology with critical theory, this manuscript begins with a conceptual definition of senseless violence that is coupled with a mapping of the personal, social, and structural etiologies of such violence...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786512/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-anxiety-sensitivity-and-alcohol-use-motives-in-college-students-with-a-history-of-interpersonal-trauma
#14
Erin C Berenz, Salpi Kevorkian, Nadia Chowdhury, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Ananda B Amstadter
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with coping-motivated alcohol use in trauma-exposed samples. However, it is unclear which individuals experiencing PTSD symptoms are at greatest risk for alcohol-use problems following trauma exposure. Individuals endorsing high anxiety sensitivity, which is the fear of anxiety and related sensations, may be particularly motivated to use alcohol to cope with PTSD symptoms. In the current study, we examined the moderating role of anxiety sensitivity in the association between PTSD symptoms and coping motives in a sample of 295 young adults with a history of interpersonal trauma and current alcohol use...
November 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786496/racial-ethnic-differences-in-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#15
Cristina M López, Arthur R Andrews, Andrea M Chisolm, Michael A de Arellano, Benjamin Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
Objective: Research has cited increased prevalence of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and exposure to interpersonal violence for Hispanics and non-Hispanic Black adolescents, as well as ethnic differences in externalizing behavior (e.g., substance use, delinquency). The current study combined these areas by examining racial/ethnic differences in mental health correlates of trauma exposure. Method: Interviews were conducted to assess polyvictimization, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), substance use, and delinquency in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 3,614; 15...
October 27, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782298/traumatization-marital-adjustment-and-parenting-among-veterans-and-their-spouses-a-longitudinal-study-of-reciprocal-relations
#16
Yafit Levin, Rahel Bachem, Zahava Solomon
Despite considerable research on secondary traumatization, the ramifications of veterans' and their wives' posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) for the family system remain largely uninvestigated. Beginning to fill this gap, the current study aims to investigate the reciprocal relations between both spouses' PTSS and marital adjustment, and the implications these bear for their parental functioning. Two hundred and twenty-five Israeli veterans (mean age = 58.62, SD = 7.6) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War and their wives (mean age = 58...
October 26, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777370/differences-in-abuse-neglect-and-exposure-to-community-violence-in-adolescents-with-and-without-ptsd-and-depression
#17
Jani Nöthling, Sharain Suliman, Lindi Martin, Candice Simmons, Soraya Seedat
South African adolescents are exposed to high levels of violence and trauma, including community violence, abuse, and neglect. Violence and trauma are associated with negative mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. Demographic characteristics, additional exposure to trauma, community violence, and types of childhood abuse and neglect may place adolescents at greater risk of developing PTSD. This study aimed to first assess the weighted contribution of demographic factors, trauma load, community violence, and types of abuse and neglect in predicting PTSD symptom severity...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776256/an-initial-psychometric-assessment-of-an-icd-11-based-measure-of-ptsd-and-complex-ptsd-icd-tq-evidence-of-construct-validity
#18
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744217/is-there-complex-trauma-experience-typology-for-australian-s-experiencing-extreme-social-disadvantage-and-low-housing-stability
#19
Carol A Keane, Christopher A Magee, Peter J Kelly
Traumatic childhood experiences predict many adverse outcomes in adulthood including Complex-PTSD. Understanding complex trauma within socially disadvantaged populations has important implications for policy development and intervention implementation. This paper examined the nature of complex trauma experienced by disadvantaged individuals using a latent class analysis (LCA) approach. Data were collected through the large-scale Journeys Home Study (N=1682), utilising a representative sample of individuals experiencing low housing stability...
October 13, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743391/alcohol-involved-maxillofacial-fractures
#20
Kai Lee, James Olsen, Jiandong Sun, Arun Chandu
OBJECTIVE: Alcohol related facial trauma is an increasingly prominent social problem and health hazard. Interpersonal violence (IPV) is often implicated in these trauma presentations and the facial skeleton frequently targeted. This paper examines the characteristics of admitted patients with alcohol-related facial fractures. METHODS: Electronic data of patients assessed or treated with facial fractures from January 2012 to December 2014 at Western Health was obtained through Clinical Record Department...
October 15, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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