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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323061/influence-of-product-placement-in-children-s-movies-on-children-s-snack-choices
#1
Callie L Brown, Camden E Matherne, Cynthia M Bulik, Janna B Howard, Sophie N Ravanbakht, Asheley C Skinner, Charles T Wood, Anna M Bardone-Cone, Jane D Brown, Andrew J Perrin, Cary Levine, Michael J Steiner, Eliana M Perrin
BACKGROUND: Media exposure affects health, including obesity risk. Children's movies often contain food placements-frequently unhealthy foods. However, it is not known if these cues influence children's food choices or consumption after viewing. We explored whether children's snack choices or consumption differs based on: 1) recent exposure to movies with high versus low product placement of unhealthy foods; and 2) children's weight status. METHODS: Children ages 9-11 were assigned to watch a high ("Alvin and the Chipmunks," n = 54) or low ("Stuart Little," n = 60) product-placement movie...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318456/international-outbreak-of-multiple-salmonella-serotype-infections-linked-to-sprouted-chia-seed-powder-usa-and-canada-2013-2014
#2
R R Harvey, K E Heiman Marshall, L Burnworth, M Hamel, J Tataryn, J Cutler, K Meghnath, A Wellman, K Irvin, L Isaac, K Chau, A Locas, J Kohl, P A Huth, D Nicholas, E Traphagen, K Soto, L Mank, K Holmes-Talbot, M Needham, A Barnes, B Adcock, L Honish, L Chui, M Taylor, C Gaulin, S Bekal, B Warshawsky, L Hobbs, L R Tschetter, A Surin, S Lance, M E Wise, I Williams, L Gieraltowski
Salmonella is a leading cause of bacterial foodborne illness. We report the collaborative investigative efforts of US and Canadian public health officials during the 2013-2014 international outbreak of multiple Salmonella serotype infections linked to sprouted chia seed powder. The investigation included open-ended interviews of ill persons, traceback, product testing, facility inspections, and trace forward. Ninety-four persons infected with outbreak strains from 16 states and four provinces were identified; 21% were hospitalized and none died...
March 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303543/accelerometer-data-collection-and-processing-criteria-to-assess-physical-activity-and-other-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-practical-considerations
#3
REVIEW
Jairo H Migueles, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Ulf Ekelund, Christine Delisle Nyström, Jose Mora-Gonzalez, Marie Löf, Idoia Labayen, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega
BACKGROUND: Accelerometers are widely used to measure sedentary time, physical activity, physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE), and sleep-related behaviors, with the ActiGraph being the most frequently used brand by researchers. However, data collection and processing criteria have evolved in a myriad of ways out of the need to answer unique research questions; as a result there is no consensus. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review was to: (1) compile and classify existing studies assessing sedentary time, physical activity, energy expenditure, or sleep using the ActiGraph GT3X/+ through data collection and processing criteria to improve data comparability and (2) review data collection and processing criteria when using GT3X/+ and provide age-specific practical considerations based on the validation/calibration studies identified...
March 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300107/genomic-innovation-for-crop-improvement
#4
Michael W Bevan, Cristobal Uauy, Brande B H Wulff, Ji Zhou, Ksenia Krasileva, Matthew D Clark
Crop production needs to increase to secure future food supplies, while reducing its impact on ecosystems. Detailed characterization of plant genomes and genetic diversity is crucial for meeting these challenges. Advances in genome sequencing and assembly are being used to access the large and complex genomes of crops and their wild relatives. These have helped to identify a wide spectrum of genetic variation and permitted the association of genetic diversity with diverse agronomic phenotypes. In combination with improved and automated phenotyping assays and functional genomic studies, genomics is providing new foundations for crop-breeding systems...
March 15, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292762/gpr40-reduces-food-intake-and-body-weight-through-glp-1
#5
Judith N Gorski, Michele J Pachanski, Joel Mane, Christopher W Plummer, Sarah Souza, Brande S Thomas-Fowlkes, Aimie M Ogawa, Adam B Weinglass, Jerry Di Salvo, Boonlert Cheewatrakoolpong, Andrew D Howard, Steven L Colletti, Maria E Trujillo
GPR40 partial agonists lower glucose through the potentiation of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, which is believed to provide significant glucose lowering without the weight gain or hypoglycemic risk associated with exogenous insulin or glucose independent insulin secretagogues. The class of small molecule GPR40 modulators, known as AgoPAMs (agonist also capable of acting as positive allosteric modulators), differentiate from partial agonists, binding to a distinct site and functioning as full agonists to stimulate the secretion of both insulin and GLP-1 (17)...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275817/discovery-and-characterization-of-two-new-stem-rust-resistance-genes-in-aegilops-sharonensis
#6
Guotai Yu, Nicolas Champouret, Burkhard Steuernagel, Pablo D Olivera, Jamie Simmons, Cole Williams, Ryan Johnson, Matthew J Moscou, Inmaculada Hernández-Pinzón, Phon Green, Hanan Sela, Eitan Millet, Jonathan D G Jones, Eric R Ward, Brian J Steffenson, Brande B H Wulff
We identified two novel wheat stem rust resistance genes, Sr-1644-1Sh and Sr-1644-5Sh in Aegilops sharonensis that are effective against widely virulent African races of the wheat stem rust pathogen. Stem rust is one of the most important diseases of wheat in the world. When single stem rust resistance (Sr) genes are deployed in wheat, they are often rapidly overcome by the pathogen. To this end, we initiated a search for novel sources of resistance in diverse wheat relatives and identified the wild goatgrass species Aegilops sharonesis (Sharon goatgrass) as a rich reservoir of resistance to wheat stem rust...
March 8, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274749/plasma-fibrinogen-level-as-a-potential-predictor-of-hemorrhagic-complications-after-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-peripheral-arterial-occlusions
#7
REVIEW
Michiel H F Poorthuis, Eelco C Brand, Constantijn E V B Hazenberg, Roger E G Schutgens, Jan Westerink, Frans L Moll, Gert J de Borst
BACKGROUND: The benefit of catheter-directed thrombolysis for peripheral arterial occlusions is limited by hemorrhagic complications. Plasma fibrinogen level (PFL) has been suggested as a predictor of these hemorrhagic complications, but the accurateness of prediction is unknown. We summarized the available evidence on the predictive value of PFL for hemorrhagic complications after catheter-directed thrombolysis for acute or subacute peripheral native artery or arterial bypass occlusions...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266943/traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-netherlands-trends-in-emergency-department-visits-hospitalization-and-mortality-between-1998-and-2012
#8
Crispijn L Van den Brand, Lennard B Karger, Susanne T M Nijman, Myriam G M Hunink, Peter Patka, Korné Jellema
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The effects of epidemiological changes such as ageing of the population and increased traffic safety on the incidence of TBI are unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate trends in TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalization and mortality in the Netherlands between 1998 and 2012. DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational, longitudinal study...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260531/defining-the-diverse-spectrum-of-inversions-complex-structural-variation-and-chromothripsis-in-the-morbid-human%C3%A2-genome
#9
Ryan L Collins, Harrison Brand, Claire E Redin, Carrie Hanscom, Caroline Antolik, Matthew R Stone, Joseph T Glessner, Tamara Mason, Giulia Pregno, Naghmeh Dorrani, Giorgia Mandrile, Daniela Giachino, Danielle Perrin, Cole Walsh, Michelle Cipicchio, Maura Costello, Alexei Stortchevoi, Joon-Yong An, Benjamin B Currall, Catarina M Seabra, Ashok Ragavendran, Lauren Margolin, Julian A Martinez-Agosto, Diane Lucente, Brynn Levy, Stephan J Sanders, Ronald J Wapner, Fabiola Quintero-Rivera, Wigard Kloosterman, Michael E Talkowski
BACKGROUND: Structural variation (SV) influences genome organization and contributes to human disease. However, the complete mutational spectrum of SV has not been routinely captured in disease association studies. RESULTS: We sequenced 689 participants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental abnormalities to construct a genome-wide map of large SV. Using long-insert jumping libraries at 105X mean physical coverage and linked-read whole-genome sequencing from 10X Genomics, we document seven major SV classes at ~5 kb SV resolution...
March 6, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249969/assessment-of-the-equivalence-of-a-generic-to-a-branded-femoral-stem
#10
H Hothi, J Henckel, P Shearing, T Holme, A Cerquiglini, A Di Laura, A Atrey, J Skinner, A Hart
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the design of the generic OptiStem XTR femoral stem with the established Exeter femoral stem. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We obtained five boxed, as manufactured, implants of both designs at random (ten in total). Two examiners were blinded to the implant design and independently measured the mass, volume, trunnion surface topography, trunnion roughness, trunnion cone angle, Caput-Collum-Diaphyseal (CCD) angle, femoral offset, stem length, neck length, and the width and roughness of the polished stem shaft using peer-reviewed methods...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245788/microbial-survey-of-ready-to-eat-salad-ingredients-sold-at-retail-reveals-the-occurrence-and-the-persistence-of-listeria-monocytogenes-sequence-types-2-and-87-in-pre-packed-smoked-salmon
#11
Man Ling Chau, Kyaw Thu Aung, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Pei Sze Valarie Lee, Pei Ying Lim, Joanne Su Lin Kang, Youming Ng, Hooi Ming Yap, Hyun-Gyun Yuk, Ramona Alikiiteaga Gutiérrez, Lee Ching Ng
BACKGROUND: As the preparation of salads involves extensive handling and the use of uncooked ingredients, they are particularly vulnerable to microbial contamination. This study aimed to determine the microbial safety and quality of pre-packed salads and salad bar ingredients sold in Singapore, so as to identify public health risks that could arise from consuming salads and to determine areas for improvement in the management of food safety. RESULTS: The most frequently encountered organism in pre-packed salad samples was B...
February 28, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244497/quality-of-life-in-chronic-pancreatitis-is-determined-by-constant-pain-disability-unemployment-current-smoking-and-associated-co-morbidities
#12
Jorge D Machicado, Stephen T Amann, Michelle A Anderson, Judah Abberbock, Stuart Sherman, Darwin L Conwell, Gregory A Cote, Vikesh K Singh, Michele D Lewis, Samer Alkaade, Bimaljit S Sandhu, Nalini M Guda, Thiruvengadam Muniraj, Gong Tang, John Baillie, Randall E Brand, Timothy B Gardner, Andres Gelrud, Christopher E Forsmark, Peter A Banks, Adam Slivka, C Mel Wilcox, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav
OBJECTIVES: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) has a profound independent effect on quality of life (QOL). Our aim was to identify factors that impact the QOL in CP patients. METHODS: We used data on 1,024 CP patients enrolled in the three NAPS2 studies. Information on demographics, risk factors, co-morbidities, disease phenotype, and treatments was obtained from responses to structured questionnaires. Physical and mental component summary (PCS and MCS, respectively) scores generated using responses to the Short Form-12 (SF-12) survey were used to assess QOL at enrollment...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236708/comparative-study-on-the-occurrence-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-breast-milk-and-infant-formula-and-risk-assessment
#13
Serena Santonicola, Alessandra De Felice, Luigi Cobellis, Nicola Passariello, Angela Peluso, Nicoletta Murru, Maria Carmela Ferrante, Raffaelina Mercogliano
The study compared the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) profile of human milk collected from Italian mothers and different brands of infant formula available on Italian market. Levels of 14 PAHs most frequently occurred in food, PAH markers listed by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006, and carcinogenic PAHs classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with fluorescence detector. The average concentrations of total PAHs were 114...
May 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230447/effect-of-medicaid-policy-changes-on-medication-adherence-differences-by-baseline-adherence
#14
Krutika Amin, Joel F Farley, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the North Carolina (NC) Medicaid program reduced the number of days prescription supply that enrollees could fill from 100 days to 34 days and increased copayments for brand-name medications. Previous work has shown that a change in these policies led to a decrease in medication adherence from 2.9 to 8.0 percentage points in specific populations with chronic conditions. Studies have also shown that days supply limits and copayment increases have heterogeneous effects based on enrollees' baseline characteristics, including baseline adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223894/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-2-commercially-produced-cultured-and-fermented-foods-commonly-available-in-the-united-states
#15
REVIEW
Emily C Parker, Crystal M Gossard, Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Cathleen M Burns, Margaret G Gasta, Jessica M Pizano, Christy B Williamson, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. The goal of the series is to provide clinically useful tools. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions. This second article (part 2) explores cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221112/variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-in-squirrels-germany-and-the-netherlands
#16
Kore Schlottau, Maria Jenckel, Judith van den Brand, Christine Fast, Christiane Herden, Dirk Höper, Timo Homeier-Bachmann, Jens Thielebein, Niels Mensing, Bert Diender, Donata Hoffmann, Rainer G Ulrich, Thomas C Mettenleiter, Marion Koopmans, Dennis Tappe, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Chantal B E M Reusken, Martin Beer, Bernd Hoffmann
We screened squirrels in Germany and the Netherlands for the novel zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1). The detection of VSBV-1 in 11 squirrels indicates a considerable risk for transmission to humans handling those animals. Therefore, squirrels in contact with humans should routinely be tested for VSBV-1.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217941/combining-internet-based-and-postal-survey-methods-in-a-survey-among-gynecologists-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#17
Sinja Alexandra Ernst, Tilman Brand, Stefan K Lhachimi, Hajo Zeeb
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a combination of Internet-based and postal survey methods (mixed-mode) compared to postal-only survey methods (postal-only) leads to improved response rates in a physician survey, and to compare the cost implications of the different recruitment strategies. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: All primary care gynecologists in Bremen and Lower Saxony, Germany, were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey from January to July 2014. STUDY DESIGN: The sample was divided into two strata (A; B) depending on availability of an email address...
February 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214570/routine-urethrograpy-after-buccal-graft-bulbar-urethroplasty-the-impact-of-initial-urethral-leak-on-surgical-success
#18
Erik T Grossgold, Jairam R Eswara, Cary L Siegel, Joel Vetter, Steven B Brandes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term impact of extravasation at initial post-urethroplasty urethrogram, we present a novel classification system and report the association of leak severity with outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 91 patients underwent buccal graft urethroplasties of the bulbar urethra from 2007-2015. Median time to urethrogram was 23d. All leaks were characterized by length and width. Cutoffs for length and width were calculated using ROC curves. Each urethrogram was graded 0-3 (0=no leak) with one point given for any leak, length ≥1...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207841/barriers-and-enablers-to-the-implementation-of-the-6-pack-falls-prevention-program-a-pre-implementation-study-in-hospitals-participating-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Darshini R Ayton, Anna L Barker, Renata T Morello, Caroline A Brand, Jason Talevski, Fiona S Landgren, Mayer M Melhem, Evelyn Bian, Sandra G Brauer, Keith D Hill, Patricia M Livingston, Mari Botti
Evidence for effective falls prevention interventions in acute wards is limited. One reason for this may be suboptimal program implementation. This study aimed to identify perceived barriers and enablers of the implementation of the 6-PACK falls prevention program to inform the implementation in a randomised controlled trial. Strategies to optimise successful implementation of 6-PACK were also sought. A mixed-methods approach was applied in 24 acute wards from 6 Australian hospitals. Participants were nurses working on participating wards and senior hospital staff including Nurse Unit Managers; senior physicians; Directors of Nursing; and senior personnel involved in quality and safety or falls prevention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194516/physical-activity-in-outpatients-with-mental-disorders-status-measurement-and-social-cognitive-determinants-of-health-behavior-change
#20
Moritz B Petzold, Sophie Bischoff, Janina Rogoll, Jens Plag, Christina Terán, Ralf Brand, Andreas Ströhle
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) can play an important role in improving the mental and physical health in patients with mental disorders but is not well studied in this population. The aim of this study was to assess the status of PA in outpatients with mental disorders, compare the convergence of self-rating and accelerometer measurement and examine the influence of social cognitive variables from the Motivation-Volition (MoVo) model and clinical measures on PA. METHODS: Eighty-four patients were recruited from three psychiatric outpatient clinics and local psychiatrists (Distribution of ICD-10-Diagnoses: F3...
February 13, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
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