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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236708/comparative-study-on-the-occurrence-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-breast-milk-and-infant-formula-and-risk-assessment
#1
Serena Santonicola, Alessandra De Felice, Luigi Cobellis, Nicola Passariello, Angela Peluso, Nicoletta Murru, Maria Carmela Ferrante, Raffaelina Mercogliano
The study compared the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) profile of human milk collected from Italian mothers and different brands of infant formula available on Italian market. Levels of 14 PAHs most frequently occurred in food, PAH markers listed by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006, and carcinogenic PAHs classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, were determined by high-pressure liquid chromatography with fluorescence detector. The average concentrations of total PAHs were 114...
February 20, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230447/effect-of-medicaid-policy-changes-on-medication-adherence-differences-by-baseline-adherence
#2
Krutika Amin, Joel F Farley, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the North Carolina (NC) Medicaid program reduced the number of days prescription supply that enrollees could fill from 100 days to 34 days and increased copayments for brand-name medications. Previous work has shown that a change in these policies led to a decrease in medication adherence from 2.9 to 8.0 percentage points in specific populations with chronic conditions. Studies have also shown that days supply limits and copayment increases have heterogeneous effects based on enrollees' baseline characteristics, including baseline adherence...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223894/probiotics-and-disease-a-comprehensive-summary-part-2-commercially-produced-cultured-and-fermented-foods-commonly-available-in-the-united-states
#3
REVIEW
Emily C Parker, Crystal M Gossard, Keren E Dolan, Heather J Finley, Cathleen M Burns, Margaret G Gasta, Jessica M Pizano, Christy B Williamson, Elizabeth A Lipski
This article series provides a literature review of the disease-specific probiotic strains studied in published clinical trials in humans and animals. The goal of the series is to provide clinically useful tools. The table design allows for quick access to supportive data and will be helpful as a guide for both researchers and clinicians. The first article (part 1) focused on mental health and neurological conditions. This second article (part 2) explores cultured and fermented foods that are commonly available in the United States...
December 2016: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221112/variegated-squirrel-bornavirus-1-in-squirrels-germany-and-the-netherlands
#4
Kore Schlottau, Maria Jenckel, Judith van den Brand, Christine Fast, Christiane Herden, Dirk Höper, Timo Homeier-Bachmann, Jens Thielebein, Niels Mensing, Bert Diender, Donata Hoffmann, Rainer G Ulrich, Thomas C Mettenleiter, Marion Koopmans, Dennis Tappe, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Chantal B E M Reusken, Martin Beer, Bernd Hoffmann
We screened squirrels in Germany and the Netherlands for the novel zoonotic variegated squirrel bornavirus 1 (VSBV-1). The detection of VSBV-1 in 11 squirrels indicates a considerable risk for transmission to humans handling those animals. Therefore, squirrels in contact with humans should routinely be tested for VSBV-1.
March 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217941/combining-internet-based-and-postal-survey-methods-in-a-survey-among-gynecologists-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#5
Sinja Alexandra Ernst, Tilman Brand, Stefan K Lhachimi, Hajo Zeeb
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether a combination of Internet-based and postal survey methods (mixed-mode) compared to postal-only survey methods (postal-only) leads to improved response rates in a physician survey, and to compare the cost implications of the different recruitment strategies. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: All primary care gynecologists in Bremen and Lower Saxony, Germany, were invited to participate in a cross-sectional survey from January to July 2014. STUDY DESIGN: The sample was divided into two strata (A; B) depending on availability of an email address...
February 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214570/routine-urethrograpy-after-buccal-graft-bulbar-urethroplasty-the-impact-of-initial-urethral-leak-on-surgical-success
#6
Erik T Grossgold, Jairam R Eswara, Cary L Siegel, Joel Vetter, Steven B Brandes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the long-term impact of extravasation at initial post-urethroplasty urethrogram, we present a novel classification system and report the association of leak severity with outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 91 patients underwent buccal graft urethroplasties of the bulbar urethra from 2007-2015. Median time to urethrogram was 23d. All leaks were characterized by length and width. Cutoffs for length and width were calculated using ROC curves. Each urethrogram was graded 0-3 (0=no leak) with one point given for any leak, length ≥1...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207841/barriers-and-enablers-to-the-implementation-of-the-6-pack-falls-prevention-program-a-pre-implementation-study-in-hospitals-participating-in-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Darshini R Ayton, Anna L Barker, Renata T Morello, Caroline A Brand, Jason Talevski, Fiona S Landgren, Mayer M Melhem, Evelyn Bian, Sandra G Brauer, Keith D Hill, Patricia M Livingston, Mari Botti
Evidence for effective falls prevention interventions in acute wards is limited. One reason for this may be suboptimal program implementation. This study aimed to identify perceived barriers and enablers of the implementation of the 6-PACK falls prevention program to inform the implementation in a randomised controlled trial. Strategies to optimise successful implementation of 6-PACK were also sought. A mixed-methods approach was applied in 24 acute wards from 6 Australian hospitals. Participants were nurses working on participating wards and senior hospital staff including Nurse Unit Managers; senior physicians; Directors of Nursing; and senior personnel involved in quality and safety or falls prevention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194516/physical-activity-in-outpatients-with-mental-disorders-status-measurement-and-social-cognitive-determinants-of-health-behavior-change
#8
Moritz B Petzold, Sophie Bischoff, Janina Rogoll, Jens Plag, Christina Terán, Ralf Brand, Andreas Ströhle
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) can play an important role in improving the mental and physical health in patients with mental disorders but is not well studied in this population. The aim of this study was to assess the status of PA in outpatients with mental disorders, compare the convergence of self-rating and accelerometer measurement and examine the influence of social cognitive variables from the Motivation-Volition (MoVo) model and clinical measures on PA. METHODS: Eighty-four patients were recruited from three psychiatric outpatient clinics and local psychiatrists (Distribution of ICD-10-Diagnoses: F3...
February 13, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#9
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176762/systemic-serum-amyloid-a-as-a-biomarker-for-exposure-to-zinc-and-or-copper-containing-metal-fumes
#10
R Baumann, M Gube, A Markert, S Davatgarbenam, V Kossack, B Gerhards, T Kraus, P Brand
Zinc- and copper-containing welding fumes increase systemic C-reactive protein (CRP). The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the biomarkers serum amyloid A (SAA) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in this regard. Fifteen male subjects were exposed under controlled conditions to welding fumes containing either zinc, or copper, or copper and zinc for 6 h. Plasma samples were collected before, 6 and 24 h after start of exposure and biomarkers therein were measured by electrochemiluminescent assay...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163377/destruction-of-biological-particles-using-non-thermal-plasma
#11
REVIEW
Akira Mizuno
Mechanism of inactivation of bio-particles exposed to non-thermal plasma (NTP), namely, dielectric barrier discharge (DBD), and plasma jet (PJ), has been studied using E. coli, B. subtilis spore, S. cerevisiae and bacteriophages. States of different biological components were monitored during the course of inactivation. Analysis of green fluorescent protein, GFP, introduced into E. coli. or B. subtiles spore cells proved that radicals generated by NTP penetrate into microbes, destroying the cell membrane and finally damage the genes...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158784/temperature-during-the-last-week-of-incubation-iii-effects-on-chicken-embryo-physiology
#12
C M Maatjens, I A M van Roovert-Reijrink, B Engel, C W van der Pol, B Kemp, H van den Brand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152269/lifetime-risk-of-primary-total-hip-replacement-surgery-for-osteoarthritis-from-2003-2013-a-multi-national-analysis-using-national-registry-data
#13
Ilana N Ackerman, Megan A Bohensky, Richard de Steiger, Caroline A Brand, Antti Eskelinen, Anne Marie Fenstad, Ove Furnes, Stephen E Graves, Jaason Haapakoski, Keijo Mäkelä, Frank Mehnert, Szilard Nemes, Søren Overgaard, Alma B Pedersen, Göran Garellick
OBJECTIVE: To compare the lifetime risk of total hip replacement surgery (THR) for osteoarthritis (OA) between countries, and over time. METHODS: Data on primary THR procedures performed for OA in 2003 and 2013 were extracted from national arthroplasty registries in Australia, Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Life tables and population data were also obtained for each country. Lifetime risk of THR was calculated for 2003 and 2013 using registry, life table and population data...
February 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148456/common-side-closure-type-but-not-stapler-brand-or-oversewing-influences-side-to-side-anastomotic-leak-rates
#14
V A Fleetwood, K N Gross, G C Alex, C S Cortina, J B Smolevitz, S Sarvepalli, S R Bakhsh, J Poirier, J A Myers, M A Singer, B A Orkin
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leak (AL) increases costs and cancer recurrence. Studies show decreased AL with side-to-side stapled anastomosis (SSA), but none identify risk factors within SSAs. We hypothesized that stapler characteristics and closure technique of the common enterotomy affect AL rates. METHODS: Retrospective review of bowel SSAs was performed. Data included stapler brand, staple line oversewing, and closure method (handsewn, HC; linear stapler [Barcelona technique], BT; transverse stapler, TX)...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139922/planar-chiral-1-1-diboryl-metallocenes-diastereoselective-synthesis-from-boryl-cyclopentadienides-and-spin-density-analysis-of-a-diborylcobaltocene
#15
Emmanuel Lerayer, Patrice Renaut, Stéphane Brandès, Hélène Cattey, Paul Fleurat-Lessard, Ghenwa Bouhadir, Didier Bourissou, Jean-Cyrille Hierso
The reaction of nonsubstituted alkali metal cyclopentadienides with haloboranes leads to ∼90:10 mixtures of isomeric diene products that can be deprotonated to give simple boryl cyclopentadienides. We extended this transformation to the sterically hindered lithium tert-butylcyclopentadienide 1 using FBMes2 (Mes = 2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) and ClBCy2 as electrophiles. The boryl group is selectively introduced in the remote position to minimize steric congestion. The new boryl dienes are obtained as mixtures of isomers, and subsequent deprotonation with MeLi or LiHMDS affords the lithium 1,3-disubstituted cyclopentadienides 5a,b in yields over 95%...
February 20, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139023/investigation-of-the-predictive-validity-of-laser-eps-on-normal-uvb-and-capsaicin-irritated-skin-with-4-analgesic-compounds-in-healthy-volunteers
#16
Klaus Schaffler, Laurent B Nicolas, Andreas Borta, Tobias Brand, Peter Reitmeir, Robert Roebling, Joachim Scholpp
AIMS: To assess predictivity of laser-(radiant-heat)-evoked-potentials (LEPs) from vertex-EEG, as algesimetric procedure, testing anti-nociceptive/anti-hyperalgesic effects of single oral doses of 4 marketed analgesics (different compound classes) vs. placebo with healthy volunteers in 3 skin types. METHODS: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, single-blind, 5-way-crossover trial. Twenty-five healthy female/male Caucasians were included (receiving celecoxib 200 mg, pregabalin 150 mg, duloxetine 60 mg, lacosamide 100 mg, placebo) in a Williams design with CO2 -laser-induced painful stimuli on normal, UVB-inflamed and capsaicin-irritated skin...
January 31, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138858/strategies-to-increase-adenoma-detection-rates
#17
REVIEW
Eelco C Brand, Michael B Wallace
The adenoma detection rate (ADR), i.e., the proportion of average risk patients with at least one adenoma detected during screening colonoscopy, is inversely associated with the development of interval colorectal cancer. Increasing the ADR is therefore an important proxy for increase in quality and efficacy of (screening) colonoscopy. Several potentially modifiable factors, such as, procedural and technological factors, and quality improvement programs, and their effect on the ADR will be reviewed. Procedural factors, such as, bowel preparation, withdrawal time, and position changes of the patient are associated with the ADR...
January 30, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137418/evaluation-of-mechanical-strengths-of-three-types-of-mini-implants-in-artificial-bones
#18
Yu-Chuan Tseng, Ju-Hui Wu, Chun-Chan Ting, Hong-Sen Chen, Chun-Ming Chen
We investigates the effect of the anchor area on the mechanical strengths of infrazygomatic mini-implants. Thirty mini-implants were divided into three types based on the material and shape: Type A (titanium alloy, 2.0×12 mm), Type B (stainless steel, 2.0×12 mm), and Type C (titanium alloy, 2.0×11 mm).The mini-implants were inserted at 90° and 45° into the artificial bone to a depth of 7 mm, without predrilling. The mechanical strengths [insertion torque (IT), resonance frequency (RF), and removal torque (RT)] and the anchor area were measured...
February 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131447/emission-characteristics-of-allergenic-terpenols-in-pm2-5-released-from-incense-burning-and-the-effect-of-light-on-the-emissions
#19
Su-Ching Kuo, Ying I Tsai
This study investigated allergenic terpenol compounds in incense powder and smoke. The powder of two Thai brands contained higher concentrations of terpenols up to 6.15 times higher than those of two Taiwanese brands. Consequently, Thai incense makers face a higher potential risk of contact dermatitis than Taiwanese incense makers do. d-Limonene was the primary terpenol compound in the powder of Thai B (64.0%) and Thai Y (31.5%), sold in Thailand. By contrast, anisyl alcohol was the primary terpenol compound in the powder of LST (40...
January 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120334/price-variation-in-the-most-commonly-prescribed-ear-drops-in-southern-california
#20
Omid Moshtaghi, Yarah M Haidar, Yaser Ghavami, Jeff Gu, Afsheen Moshtaghi, Ronald Sahyouni, Melissa Huang, Harrison W Lin, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate the variability and discrepancies among the most commonly prescribed ear drops sold at pharmacies in southern California. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study evaluating 11 commonly used ear drops to treat otologic disorders. METHODS: Randomly selected drug stores in three major counties in Southern California (Los Angeles, Orange, and San Diego) were included. Mean, range, minimum, and maximum prices for each drug were calculated and analyzed...
January 24, 2017: Laryngoscope
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