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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333607/understanding-faculty-and-trainee-needs-related-to-scholarly-activity-in-a-large-nonuniversity-graduate-medical-education-program
#1
Davida Becker, Hanna Garth, Rachel Hollander, Felice Klein, Marc Klau
CONTEXT: Graduate medical education (GME) programs must develop curriculum to ensure scholarly activity among trainees and faculty to meet accreditation requirements and to support evidence-based medicine. OBJECTIVE: Test whether research-related needs and interests varied across four groups: primary care trainees, specialty trainees, primary care faculty, and specialty faculty. DESIGN: We surveyed a random sample of trainees and faculty in Kaiser Permanente Southern California's GME programs...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329653/introducing-public-health-themes-in-clinical-dermatology
#2
Scott A Norton
The ACGME's Core Competencies comprise six domains, which in turn contain dozens of often overlapping milestones. Several competencies explicitly invoke public health topics - but if one wears the right set of lenses, nearly every milestone, nearly every aspect of health and medicine, can be viewed from a public health perspective. Why then is Dermatology generally taught - and practiced - in an Intensive Care manner, where seemingly unlimited diagnostic & therapeutic efforts focus on single individuals, not the community?In this presentation, I argue that topics of public health concern should not be relegated to the minor leagues of GME...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328737/considerations-for-medical-students-and-advisors-after-an-unsuccessful-match
#3
Tracy Bumsted, Benjamin N Schneider, Nicole M Deiorio
Increasing numbers of graduating U.S. medical students are not securing a graduate medical education (GME) position, even after participating in the National Resident Matching Program (also known as "the Match") and the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program. The reasons for an unsuccessful Match include increasing numbers of applicants compared with nearly unchanging numbers of available GME positions, academic problems or professionalism lapses, and a poor fit between applicants and their first-choice specialty...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#4
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281837/competency-milestones-for-medical-students-design-implementation-and-analysis-at-one-medical-school
#5
Kimberly D Lomis, Regina G Russell, Mario A Davidson, Amy E Fleming, Cathleen C Pettepher, William B Cutrer, Geoffrey M Fleming, Bonnie M Miller
Competency-based assessment seeks to align measures of performance directly with desired learning outcomes based upon the needs of patients and the healthcare system. Recognizing that assessment methods profoundly influence student motivation and effort, it is critical to measure all desired aspects of performance throughout an individual's medical training. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) defined domains of competency for residency; the subsequent Milestones Project seeks to describe each learner's progress toward competence within each domain...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276581/application-of-the-matching-law-to-pitch-selection-in-professional-baseball
#6
David J Cox, Jacob Sosine, Jesse Dallery
This study applied the generalized matching equation (GME) to pitch selection in professional baseball. The GME was fitted to the relation between pitch selection and hitter outcomes for five professional baseball pitchers during the 2014 Major League Baseball season. The GME described pitch selection well. Pitch allocation varied across different game contexts such as inning, count, and number of outs in a manner consistent with the GME. Finally, within games, bias decreased for four of the five pitchers and the sensitivity parameter increased for three of the five pitchers...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261403/jgme-aliem-hot-topics-in-medical-education-analysis-of-a-multimodal-online-discussion-about-team-based-learning
#7
Jeff Riddell, Catherine Patocka, Michelle Lin, Jonathan Sherbino
BACKGROUND : Team-based learning (TBL) is an instructional method that is being increasingly incorporated in health professions education, although use in graduate medical education (GME) has been more limited. OBJECTIVE : To curate and describe themes that emerged from a virtual journal club discussion about TBL in GME, held across multiple digital platforms, while also evaluating the use of social media in online academic discussions. METHODS : The Journal of Graduate Medical Education (JGME) and the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine blog facilitated a weeklong, open-access, virtual journal club on the 2015 JGME article "Use of Team-Based Learning Pedagogy for Internal Medicine Ambulatory Resident Teaching...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261398/predicting-in-state-workforce-retention-after-graduate-medical-education-training
#8
Tracy J Koehler, Jaclyn Goodfellow, Alan T Davis, Jessaca Spybrook, John E vanSchagen, Lori Schuh
BACKGROUND : There is a paucity of literature when it comes to identifying predictors of in-state retention of graduate medical education (GME) graduates, such as the demographic and educational characteristics of these physicians. OBJECTIVE : The purpose was to use demographic and educational predictors to identify graduates from a single Michigan GME sponsoring institution, who are also likely to practice medicine in Michigan post-GME training. METHODS : We included all residents and fellows who graduated between 2000 and 2014 from 1 of 18 GME programs at a Michigan-based sponsoring institution...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#9
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191961/poly-glycidyl-ether-based-monolayers-on-gold-surfaces-control-of-grafting-density-and-chain-conformation-by-grafting-procedure-surface-anchor-and-molecular-weight
#10
Silke Heinen, Marie Weinhart
For a meaningful correlation of surface coatings with their respective biological response reproducible coating procedures, well-defined surface coatings, and thorough surface characterization with respect to layer thickness and grafting density are indispensable. The same applies to polymeric monolayer coatings which are intended to be used for, e.g., fundamental studies on the volume phase transition of surface end-tethered thermoresponsive polymer chains. Planar gold surfaces are frequently used as model substrates, since they allow a variety of straightforward surface characterization methods...
February 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183412/graduate-medical-education-accelerated-change
#11
Mark David Linville, J Edward Bates
Graduate medical education (GME) is a critical link in the educational chain for physicians. Graduating from a strict apprenticeship model, GME has become a highly structured educational system whose peer-review organization provides an intentional and direct approach to ensuring that GME not only addresses the public's expectations of the profession but also positions itself to be a foundational structure in the outcomes-focused healthcare environment of the nation. GME is currently in a state of accelerated change-grounded in both educational and patient outcomes...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183411/funding-of-graduate-medical-education-in-a-market-based-healthcare-system
#12
Barbara L Schuster
The graduate medical education (GME) process in the United States is considered the most respected model for high-quality education of graduate physicians in the world. With substantial funding through government and private insurers and through structured educational accreditation standards, the American Board of Medical Specialists-certified physicians are recognized for their expertise in delivering high-quality medical care. However, under fiscal constraints and changing social expectations, questions are continually posed about the process of funding and whether the "physician outcomes" are sufficient to continue with the investment...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165853/biocompatibility-and-characterization-of-polyglycerol-based-thermoresponsive-nanogels-designed-as-novel-drug-delivery-systems-and-their-intracellular-localization-in-keratinocytes
#13
Christian Gerecke, Alexander Edlich, Michael Giulbudagian, Fabian Schumacher, Nan Zhang, Andre Said, Guy Yealland, Silke B Lohan, Falko Neumann, Martina C Meinke, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderón, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Burkhard Kleuser
Novel nanogels that possess the capacity to change their physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli are promising drug-delivery candidates for the treatment of severe skin diseases. As thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) are capable of enhancing penetration through biological barriers such as the stratum corneum and are taken up by keratinocytes of human skin, potential adverse consequences of their exposure must be elucidated. In this study, tNGs were synthesized from dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) and two thermoresponsive polymers...
March 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157405/an-assessment-of-pathology-resident-access-to-and-use-of-technology-a-nationwide-survey
#14
Bethany D Vallangeon, Jeffrey S Hawley, Richard Sloane, Sarah M Bean
CONTEXT: - Current technologies including digital slide scanners and handheld devices can revolutionize clinical practice and pathology graduate medical education (GME). The extent to which these technologies are used in pathology GME is unknown. OBJECTIVES: - To determine the types of technologies used, usage amount, and how they are integrated into pathology residency/fellowship programs nationwide. DESIGN: - A 40-question online survey for residents/fellows was developed and administered via the Research Electronic Data Capture System after institutional review board approval...
March 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129154/biologically-inspired-motion-encoding-for-robust-global-motion-estimation
#15
Evangelos Sariyanidi, Hatice Gunes, Andrea Cavallaro
The growing use of cameras embedded in autonomous robotic platforms and worn by people is increasing the importance of accurate global motion estimation (GME). However, existing GME methods may degrade considerably under illumination variations. In this paper, we address this problem by proposing a biologically-inspired GME method that achieves high estimation accuracy in the presence of illumination variations. We mimic the early layers of the human visual cortex with the spatio-temporal Gabor motion energy by adopting the pioneering model of Adelson and Bergen and we provide the closed-form expressions that enable the study and adaptation of this model to different application needs...
January 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127769/a-methodology-for-using-workforce-data-to-decide-which-specialties-and-states-to-target-for-graduate-medical-education-expansion
#16
Erin P Fraher, Andy Knapton, George M Holmes
OBJECTIVE: To outline a methodology for allocating graduate medical education (GME) training positions based on data from a workforce projection model. DATA SOURCES: Demand for visits is derived from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and Census data. Physician supply, retirements, and geographic mobility are estimated using concatenated AMA Masterfiles and ABMS certification data. The number and specialization behaviors of residents are derived from the AAMC's GMETrack survey...
February 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074495/comparison-of-medicaid-payments-relative-to-medicare-using-inpatient-acute-care-claims-from-the-medicaid-program-fiscal-year-2010-fiscal-year-2011
#17
Devin A Stone, Bridget A Dickensheets, John A Poisal
OBJECTIVE: To compare Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) inpatient hospital payments to expected Medicare payments. DATA SOURCES: Medicaid and Medicare claims data, Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and inpatient prospective payment system pricer (IPPS pricer). STUDY DESIGN: Medicaid FFS inpatient hospital claims were run through Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and IPPS pricer to compare Medicaid's actual payment against what Medicare would have paid for the same claim...
January 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071020/the-effect-of-microwave-roasting-on-the-antioxidant-properties-of-the-bangladeshi-groundnut-cultivar
#18
Abbas Ali, Anowarul Islam, Tarun K Pal
BACKGROUND: Groundnut seeds are an important source of bioactive phenolic compounds with noteworthy antioxidant capacity, which may be enhanced by the microwave roasting process. The aim of this work is   to study the changes in antioxidant activity in groundnut seeds during microwave roasting, as a function of roasting time and extract concentration, in order to maximise the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of roasted seeds. METHODS: The study was conducted to evaluate total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidative activity of methanolic (GME), ethanolic (GEE), and chloroform (GCE) extracts and methanolic extract of oil (GMO) from groundnut seeds exposed to microwaves...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030420/changes-in-primary-care-graduate-medical-education-are-not-correlated-with-indicators-of-need-are-states-missing-an-opportunity-to-strengthen-their-primary-care-workforce
#19
Anastasia J Coutinho, Kathleen Klink, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, Robert L Phillips, Andrew Bazemore
PURPOSE: Federal and state graduate medical education (GME) funding exceeds $15 billion annually. It is critical to understand mechanisms to align undergraduate medical education (UME) and GME to meet workforce needs. This study aimed to determine whether states' primary care GME (PCGME) trainee growth correlates with indicators of need. METHOD: Data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Association of the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the U...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027923/specific-uptake-mechanisms-of-well-tolerated-thermoresponsive-polyglycerol-based-nanogels-in-antigen-presenting-cells-of-the-skin
#20
Alexander Edlich, Christian Gerecke, Michael Giulbudagian, Falko Neumann, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderon, Burkhard Kleuser
Engineered nanogels are of high value for a targeted and controlled transport of compounds due to the ability to change their chemical properties by external stimuli. As it has been indicated that nanogels possess a high ability to penetrate the stratum corneum, it cannot be excluded that nanogels interact with dermal dendritic cells, especially in diseased skin. In this study the potential crosstalk of the thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) with the dendritic cells of the skin was investigated with the aim to determine the immunotoxicological properties of the nanogels...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
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