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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535318/allopathic-and-osteopathic-medicine-unify-gme-accreditation-a-historic-convergence
#1
Abdul-Kareem H Ahmed, Peter F Schnatz, Eli Y Adashi
In 1968, the American Medical Association resolved to accept qualified graduates of osteopathic medical schools into its accredited Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs. An equally momentous decision was arrived at in 2014 when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) resolved to institute a single unified GME accreditation system by July 1, 2020. As envisioned, the unified accreditation system will all but assure system-wide consistency of purpose and practice in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System (NAS) of the ACGME...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496376/changing-trends-in-residents-as-teachers-across-graduate-medical-education
#2
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Elizabeth H Morrison, M Kelly Davies, Robert C Oh
BACKGROUND: Teaching residents how to teach is a critical part of residents' training in graduate medical education (GME). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in resident-as-teacher (RaT) instruction in GME over the past 15 years in the US. METHODS: We used a quantitative and qualitative survey of all program directors (PDs) across specialties. We compared our findings with a previous work from 2000-2001 that studied the same matter. Finally, we qualitatively analyzed PDs' responses regarding the reasons for implementing and not implementing RaT instruction...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472299/permanent-gme-funding-for-teaching-health-centers
#3
Shayla N M Durfey, Paul George, Eli Y Adashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460596/using-objective-structured-teaching-encounters-ostes-to-prepare-chief-residents-to-be-emotionally-intelligent-leaders
#4
Sara Ann Cerrone, Patti Adelman, Salaahuddin Akbar, Andrew C Yacht, Alice Fornari
BACKGROUND: Chief Residents must lead, manage and mentor a diverse and often large group of residents, however there is a lack of formal leadership training throughout graduate medical education. OBJECTIVE: Development of a 3-part Chief Resident (CR) Program focused on leading, managing and mentoring. DESIGN: Each participant completes an Emotional Intelligence (EI) Inventory prior to the day-long event. Participants receive their EI scores at the beginning of the program, which features interactive sessions on leadership, management, and feedback skills...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455132/garcinia-mangostana-pericarp-extract-protects-against-oxidative-stress-and-cardiovascular-remodeling-via-suppression-of-p47-phox-and-inos-in-nitric-oxide-deficient-rats
#5
Pattanapong Boonprom, Orachorn Boonla, Kanokporn Chayaburakul, Jariya Umka Welbat, Patchareewan Pannangpetch, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Poungrat Pakdeechote, Parichat Prachaney
N(ω)-Nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME)-induced hypertension and cardiovascular remodeling are associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. Garcinia mangostana Linn., has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study investigated whether G. mangostana pericarp extract (GME) could prevent l-NAME-induced hemodynamic alterations, cardiovascular remodeling, oxidative stress and inflammation in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were given 40mg/kg/day of l-NAME in drinking water to induce hypertension, and were simultaneously treated with GME at a dose of 200mg/kg/day...
April 26, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397410/building-a-better-neonatal-extracorporeal-life-support-circuit-comparison-of-hemodynamic-performance-and-gaseous-microemboli-handling-in-different-pump-and-oxygenator-technologies
#6
Kristen Glass, Payal Trivedi, Shigang Wang, Karl Woitas, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
Neurologic complications during neonatal extracorporeal life support (ECLS) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Gaseous microemboli (GME) in the ECLS circuit may be a possible cause. Advances in neonatal circuitry may improve hemodynamic performance and GME handling leading to reduction in patient complications. This study compared hemodynamic performance and GME handling using two centrifugal pumps (Maquet RotaFlow and Medos Deltastream DP3) and polymethylpentene oxygenators (Maquet Quadrox-iD and Medos Hilite 800LT) in a neonatal ECLS circuit model...
April 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346602/attitudes-of-family-medicine-program-directors-toward-osteopathic-residents-under-the-single-accreditation-system
#7
Laura K Hempstead, Todd D Shaffer, Karen B Williams, Lt Col James Arnold
BACKGROUND: Between 2015 and 2020, residency programs accredited through the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) are preparing the single graduate medical education (GME) system through the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the attitudes of family medicine program directors in programs accredited dually by the AOA and ACGME (AOA/ACGME) or ACGME only toward the clinical and academic preparedness of osteopathic residency candidates and (2) to determine program director attitudes toward the perceived value of osteopathic-focused education, including osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) curricula...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333607/understanding-faculty-and-trainee-needs-related-to-scholarly-activity-in-a-large-nonuniversity-graduate-medical-education-program
#8
Davida Becker, Hanna Garth, Rachel Hollander, Felice Klein, Marc Klau
CONTEXT: Graduate medical education (GME) programs must develop curriculum to ensure scholarly activity among trainees and faculty to meet accreditation requirements and to support evidence-based medicine. OBJECTIVE: Test whether research-related needs and interests varied across four groups: primary care trainees, specialty trainees, primary care faculty, and specialty faculty. DESIGN: We surveyed a random sample of trainees and faculty in Kaiser Permanente Southern California's GME programs...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329653/introducing-public-health-themes-in-clinical-dermatology
#9
Scott A Norton
The ACGME's Core Competencies comprise six domains, which in turn contain dozens of often overlapping milestones. Several competencies explicitly invoke public health topics - but if one wears the right set of lenses, nearly every milestone, nearly every aspect of health and medicine, can be viewed from a public health perspective. Why then is Dermatology generally taught - and practiced - in an Intensive Care manner, where seemingly unlimited diagnostic & therapeutic efforts focus on single individuals, not the community?In this presentation, I argue that topics of public health concern should not be relegated to the minor leagues of GME...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328737/considerations-for-medical-students-and-advisors-after-an-unsuccessful-match
#10
Tracy Bumsted, Benjamin N Schneider, Nicole M Deiorio
Increasing numbers of graduating U.S. medical students are not securing a graduate medical education (GME) position, even after participating in the National Resident Matching Program (also known as "the Match") and the Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program. The reasons for an unsuccessful Match include increasing numbers of applicants compared with nearly unchanging numbers of available GME positions, academic problems or professionalism lapses, and a poor fit between applicants and their first-choice specialty...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328736/entrustment-decisions-bringing-the-patient-into-the-assessment-equation
#11
Olle Ten Cate
With the increased interest in the use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) come questions about the implications for assessment. Entrustment assessment combines the evaluation of learners' knowledge, skills, and behaviors with the evaluation of their readiness to be entrusted to perform critical patient care responsibilities. Patient safety, then, should be an explicit component of educational assessments. The validity of these assessments in the clinical workplace becomes the validity of the entrustment decisions...
March 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281837/competency-milestones-for-medical-students-design-implementation-and-analysis-at-one-medical-school
#12
Kimberly D Lomis, Regina G Russell, Mario A Davidson, Amy E Fleming, Cathleen C Pettepher, William B Cutrer, Geoffrey M Fleming, Bonnie M Miller
Competency-based assessment seeks to align measures of performance directly with desired learning outcomes based upon the needs of patients and the healthcare system. Recognizing that assessment methods profoundly influence student motivation and effort, it is critical to measure all desired aspects of performance throughout an individual's medical training. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) defined domains of competency for residency; the subsequent Milestones Project seeks to describe each learner's progress toward competence within each domain...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276581/application-of-the-matching-law-to-pitch-selection-in-professional-baseball
#13
David J Cox, Jacob Sosine, Jesse Dallery
This study applied the generalized matching equation (GME) to pitch selection in professional baseball. The GME was fitted to the relation between pitch selection and hitter outcomes for five professional baseball pitchers during the 2014 Major League Baseball season. The GME described pitch selection well. Pitch allocation varied across different game contexts such as inning, count, and number of outs in a manner consistent with the GME. Finally, within games, bias decreased for four of the five pitchers and the sensitivity parameter increased for three of the five pitchers...
April 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261403/jgme-aliem-hot-topics-in-medical-education-analysis-of-a-multimodal-online-discussion-about-team-based-learning
#14
Jeff Riddell, Catherine Patocka, Michelle Lin, Jonathan Sherbino
BACKGROUND : Team-based learning (TBL) is an instructional method that is being increasingly incorporated in health professions education, although use in graduate medical education (GME) has been more limited. OBJECTIVE : To curate and describe themes that emerged from a virtual journal club discussion about TBL in GME, held across multiple digital platforms, while also evaluating the use of social media in online academic discussions. METHODS : The Journal of Graduate Medical Education (JGME) and the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine blog facilitated a weeklong, open-access, virtual journal club on the 2015 JGME article "Use of Team-Based Learning Pedagogy for Internal Medicine Ambulatory Resident Teaching...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261398/predicting-in-state-workforce-retention-after-graduate-medical-education-training
#15
Tracy J Koehler, Jaclyn Goodfellow, Alan T Davis, Jessaca Spybrook, John E vanSchagen, Lori Schuh
BACKGROUND : There is a paucity of literature when it comes to identifying predictors of in-state retention of graduate medical education (GME) graduates, such as the demographic and educational characteristics of these physicians. OBJECTIVE : The purpose was to use demographic and educational predictors to identify graduates from a single Michigan GME sponsoring institution, who are also likely to practice medicine in Michigan post-GME training. METHODS : We included all residents and fellows who graduated between 2000 and 2014 from 1 of 18 GME programs at a Michigan-based sponsoring institution...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225466/the-use-of-social-media-in-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#16
Madeline Sterling, Peggy Leung, Drew Wright, Tara F Bishop
PURPOSE: Despite the growing presence of social media in graduate medical education (GME), few studies have attempted to characterize their effect on residents and their training. The authors conducted a systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature to understand the effect of social media on resident (1) education, (2) recruitment, and (3) professionalism. METHOD: The authors identified English-language peer-reviewed articles published through November 2015 using Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, Scopus, and ERIC...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191961/poly-glycidyl-ether-based-monolayers-on-gold-surfaces-control-of-grafting-density-and-chain-conformation-by-grafting-procedure-surface-anchor-and-molecular-weight
#17
Silke Heinen, Marie Weinhart
For a meaningful correlation of surface coatings with their respective biological response reproducible coating procedures, well-defined surface coatings, and thorough surface characterization with respect to layer thickness and grafting density are indispensable. The same applies to polymeric monolayer coatings which are intended to be used for, e.g., fundamental studies on the volume phase transition of surface end-tethered thermoresponsive polymer chains. Planar gold surfaces are frequently used as model substrates, since they allow a variety of straightforward surface characterization methods...
February 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183412/graduate-medical-education-accelerated-change
#18
REVIEW
Mark David Linville, J Edward Bates
Graduate medical education (GME) is a critical link in the educational chain for physicians. Graduating from a strict apprenticeship model, GME has become a highly structured educational system whose peer-review organization provides an intentional and direct approach to ensuring that GME not only addresses the public's expectations of the profession but also positions itself to be a foundational structure in the outcomes-focused healthcare environment of the nation. GME is currently in a state of accelerated change-grounded in both educational and patient outcomes...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183411/funding-of-graduate-medical-education-in-a-market-based-healthcare-system
#19
REVIEW
Barbara L Schuster
The graduate medical education (GME) process in the United States is considered the most respected model for high-quality education of graduate physicians in the world. With substantial funding through government and private insurers and through structured educational accreditation standards, the American Board of Medical Specialists-certified physicians are recognized for their expertise in delivering high-quality medical care. However, under fiscal constraints and changing social expectations, questions are continually posed about the process of funding and whether the "physician outcomes" are sufficient to continue with the investment...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165853/biocompatibility-and-characterization-of-polyglycerol-based-thermoresponsive-nanogels-designed-as-novel-drug-delivery-systems-and-their-intracellular-localization-in-keratinocytes
#20
Christian Gerecke, Alexander Edlich, Michael Giulbudagian, Fabian Schumacher, Nan Zhang, Andre Said, Guy Yealland, Silke B Lohan, Falko Neumann, Martina C Meinke, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderón, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Burkhard Kleuser
Novel nanogels that possess the capacity to change their physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli are promising drug-delivery candidates for the treatment of severe skin diseases. As thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) are capable of enhancing penetration through biological barriers such as the stratum corneum and are taken up by keratinocytes of human skin, potential adverse consequences of their exposure must be elucidated. In this study, tNGs were synthesized from dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) and two thermoresponsive polymers...
March 2017: Nanotoxicology
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