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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875598/results-of-the-2016-national-resident-matching-program%C3%A2-1986-2016-a-comparison-of-family-medicine-e-roads-and-other-select-specialties
#1
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This article is a continuation in a series of national studies conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians that reports the performance of family medicine and other primary care specialties in the National Residency Matching Program® (NRMP) Main Residency Match, hereafter called the Match. Match data from 1986-2016 were analyzed to compare the numbers of positions offered and filled in family medicine, other primary care specialties, emergency medicine, diagnostic radiology, ophthalmology, anesthesiology, and dermatology (E-ROAD), and other select specialties...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805954/residency-placement-fever-is-it-time-for-a-reevaluation
#2
Philip A Gruppuso, Eli Y Adashi
The transition from undergraduate medical education to graduate medical education (GME) involves a process rooted in the final year of medical school. Students file applications through the Electronic Residency Application Service platform, interview with residency training (i.e., GME) programs from which they have received invitations, and generate a rank-ordered preference list. The National Resident Matching Program reconciles applicant and program rank lists with an eye towards matching students and GME programs...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797346/physician-pipeline-production-peak-or-plateau
#3
Perry G Rigby, Ramnarayan P Gururaja
The peak number of graduate medical education (GME) appointees in Louisiana was in 2013, as was the peak number of graduating senior medical students. This was followed in the next three years by a pause or plateau in each physician pipeline category, and preceded by a slow, steady rise during the six years after Hurricane Katrina 2006-2012. Katrina made a large impact in destruction, disruption, and displacement; but the acute subsided and the chronic recovery is ongoing. For a more inclusive total of GME, the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Fellowship match numbers were added to the main NRMP match...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796430/-respiratory-and-allergic-diseases-of-children-temporal-trends-urban-rural-differences-and-in-association-with-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#4
Kathrin Gürlich, Caroline Herr, Lana Hendrowarsito, Alisa Weber, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Manfred Wildner, Bernhard Liebl, Gabriele Bolte, Rudolf A Jörres, Stefanie Kolb
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ten years after the establishment of health monitoring units (GME) in Bavaria, temporal trends and urban-rural differences in parent-reported respiratory and allergic diseases as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in preschoolers were analyzed in an explorative manner. Furthermore, associations between diseases and ETS exposure were studied. METHODS: Parent questionnaires were used as part of the school entrance examination in two cross sectional studies (S1:2004/2005, n 1 = 6350; S2:2012/2013, n 2 = 5052)...
October 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777673/evaluating-the-evaluators-implementation-of-a-multi-source-evaluation-program-for-graduate-medical-education-program-directors
#5
Mary Ellen J Goldhamer, Keith Baker, Amy P Cohen, Debra F Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Multi-source evaluation has demonstrated value for trainees, but is not generally provided to residency or fellowship program directors (PDs). OBJECTIVE: To develop, implement, and evaluate a PD multi-source evaluation process. METHODS: Tools were developed for PD evaluation by trainees, department chairs, and graduate medical education (GME) leadership. Evaluation questions were based on PD responsibilities, including Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777671/developing-teaching-strategies-in-the-ehr-era-a-survey-of-gme-experts
#6
Amber R Atwater, Mariah Rudd, Audrey Brown, John S Wiener, Robert Benjamin, W Robert Lee, Jullia A Rosdahl
BACKGROUND : There is limited information on the impact of widespread adoption of the electronic health record (EHR) on graduate medical education (GME). OBJECTIVE : To identify areas of consensus by education experts, where the use of EHR impacts GME, with the goal of developing strategies and tools to enhance GME teaching and learning in the EHR environment. METHODS : Information was solicited from experienced US physician educators who use EPIC EHR following 3 steps: 2 rounds of online surveys using the Delphi technique, followed by telephone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777661/physician-retention-in-the-same-state-as-residency-training-data-from-1-michigan-gme-institution
#7
Tracy J Koehler, Jaclyn Goodfellow, Alan T Davis, John E vanSchagen, Lori Schuh
BACKGROUND : In a time of threats to the funding for graduate medical education (GME) and projected physician shortages, drawing attention to the value of physician training programs may be useful. One approach is to study the number and percentage of physicians who enter practice in the state in which they trained. OBJECTIVE : We sought to examine the percentage of graduates from a single Michigan-based GME institution over a 15-year period, who practiced medicine in Michigan during their career...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777660/a-narrative-review-and-novel-framework-for-application-of-team-based-learning-in-graduate-medical-education
#8
REVIEW
Rachel Stork Poeppelman, Cara A Liebert, Daniel Brandt Vegas, Carl A Germann, Anna Volerman
BACKGROUND : Team-based learning (TBL) promotes problem solving and teamwork, and has been applied as an instructional method in undergraduate medical education with purported benefits. Although TBL curricula have been implemented for residents, no published systematic reviews or guidelines exist for the development and use of TBL in graduate medical education (GME). OBJECTIVE : To review TBL curricula in GME, identify gaps in the literature, and synthesize a framework to guide the development of TBL curricula at the GME level...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735070/in-vitro-evaluation-of-an-alternative-neonatal-extracorporeal-life-support-circuit-on-hemodynamic-performance-and-bubble-trap
#9
Shannon B Spencer, Shigang Wang, Karl Woitas, Kristen Glass, Allen R Kunselman, Akif Ündar
The objective of this study was to evaluate an alternative neonatal extracorporeal life support (ECLS) circuit with a RotaFlow centrifugal pump and Better-Bladder (BB) for hemodynamic performance and gaseous microemboli (GME) capture in a simulated neonatal ECLS system. The circuit consisted of a Maquet RotaFlow centrifugal pump, a Quadrox-iD Pediatric diffusion membrane oxygenator, 8 Fr arterial cannula, and 10 Fr venous cannula. A "Y" connector was inserted into the venous line to allow for comparison between BB and no BB...
October 13, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729706/effect-of-normobaric-versus-hypobaric-oxygenation-on-gaseous-microemboli-removal-in-a-diffusion-membrane-oxygenator-an-in-vitro-comparison
#10
Matthew Schuldes, Jeffrey B Riley, Stephen G Francis, Sean Clingan
Gaseous microemboli (GME) are an abnormal physiological occurrence during cardiopulmonary bypass and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Several studies have correlated negative sequelae with exposure to increased amounts of GME. Hypobaric oxygenation is effective at eliminating GME in hollow-fiber microporous membrane oxygenators. However, hollow-fiber diffusion membrane oxygenators, which are commonly used for ECMO, have yet to be validated. The purpose of this study was to determine if hypobaric oxygenation, compared against normobaric oxygenation, can reduce introduced GME when used on diffusion membrane oxygenators...
September 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702432/mystery-behind-the-match-an-undergraduate-medical-education-graduate-medical-education-collaborative-approach-to-understanding-match-goals-and-outcomes
#11
Alisa Nagler, Deborah L Engle, Mariah Rudd, Saumil M Chudgar, John L Weinerth, Catherine M Kuhn, Edward Buckley, Colleen O'Connor Grochowski
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information regarding institutional targets for the number of undergraduate medical education (UME) graduates being matched to graduate medical education (GME) programs at their home institutions. At our institution, the Duke University, the number of UME graduates matched to GME programs declined dramatically in 2011. To better understand why this decline may have happened, we sought to identify perceived quality metrics for UME and GME learners, evaluate trends in match outcomes and educational program characteristics, and explore whether there is an ideal retention rate for UME graduates in their home institutions' GME programs...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649976/the-climb-to-break-the-glass-ceiling-in-surgery-trends-in-women-progressing-from-medical-school-to-surgical-training-and-academic-leadership-from-1994-to-2015
#12
Jonathan S Abelson, Genevieve Chartrand, Tracy-Ann Moo, Maureen Moore, Heather Yeo
BACKGROUND: There have been many efforts to increase the number of women surgeons. We provide an update of women surgeon representation along the pathway to surgical academia. METHODS: Data was extracted from Association of American Medical Colleges FACTS and Faculty Administrative Management Online User System as well as GME annual reports starting in 1994 until the last year available for each. RESULTS: The proportion of graduating women medical students has increased on average ...
October 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573686/genomic-landscape-of-the-greater-middle-east
#13
Tayfun Özçelik, Onur Emre Onat
Study of the Greater Middle East (GME), home to approximately 10% of the world's population, has made invaluable contributions to the characterization of rare genetic disease, especially recessive conditions arising from the tradition of consanguinity and large families with multiple children. A new study now reports 1,111 unrelated exomes from the GME and provides a comprehensive view of genetic variation for enhanced discovery of disease-associated genes.
August 30, 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561387/effects-of-polyphenol-rich-plant-products-from-grape-or-hop-as-feed-supplements-on-the-expression-of-inflammatory-antioxidative-cytoprotective-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-related-genes-and-the-antioxidative-status-in-the-liver-of-piglets
#14
D K Gessner, M Bonarius, E Most, A Fiesel, K Eder
Recent studies have shown that supplementation of plant products rich in polyphenols exerts anti-inflammatory effects in the small intestine and improves feed conversion in piglets. This study aimed to investigate whether dietary polyphenols have also anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects in the liver of piglets. For this end, relative mRNA concentrations of eight genes involved in proinflammatory pathways, eight genes involved in the antioxidative and cytoprotective system, six genes of phase I and phase II metabolism and 15 genes of the unfolded protein response (triggered by stress of the endoplasmic reticulum) in the liver of pigs fed diets supplemented with either 1% of grape seed and grape marc meal extract (GME) or 1% spent hops (SH) as sources of polyphenols were determined...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544939/medicare-program-hospital-inpatient-prospective-payment-systems-for-acute-care-hospitals-and-the-long-term-care-hospital-prospective-payment-system-and-policy-changes-and-fiscal-year-2017-rates-quality-reporting-requirements-for-specific-providers-graduate
#15
(no author information available yet)
We are revising the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) for operating and capital-related costs of acute care hospitals to implement changes arising from our continuing experience with these systems for FY 2017. Some of these changes will implement certain statutory provisions contained in the Pathway for Sustainable Growth Reform Act of 2013, the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014, the Notice of Observation Treatment and Implications for Care Eligibility Act of 2015, and other legislation...
August 22, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538717/quality-assessment-and-improvement-of-post-graduate-family-medicine-training-in-the-usa
#16
Grant S Hoekzema, Lisa Maxwell, Joseph W Gravel, Walter W Mills, William Geiger, J David Honeycutt
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the World Organisation of Family Doctors published training standards for post-graduate medical education (GME) in Family Medicine/General Practice (FP/GP). GME quality has not been well-defined, other than meeting accreditation standards. In 2009, the Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors (AFMRD) developed a tool that would aid in raising the quality of family medicine residency training in the USA. OBJECTIVE: We describe the development of this quality improvement tool, which we called the residency performance index (RPI), and its first three years of use by US family medicine residency (FMR) programmes...
September 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532810/gme-milestone
#17
Amy Lynn Sorrel
Thanks to years of TMA advocacy, the 2015 legislature more than tripled 2013 graduate medical education monies under an expansion initiative to help secure a pathway for doctors-in-training to enter the workforce.
2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516417/clinical-evaluation-of-the-air-handling-properties-of-contemporary-oxygenators-with-integrated-arterial-filter
#18
Marco C Stehouwer, Kristina R Legg, Roel de Vroege, Johannes C Kelder, Erik Hofman, Bastian A de Mol, Peter Bruins
Gaseous microemboli (GME) may originate from the extracorporeal circuit and enter the arterial circulation of the patient. GME are thought to contribute to cerebral deficit and to adverse outcome after cardiac surgery. The arterial filter is a specially designed component for removing both gaseous and solid microemboli. Integration of an arterial filter with an oxygenator is a contemporary concept, reducing both prime volume and foreign surface area. This study aims to determine the air-handling properties of four contemporary oxygenator devices with an integrated arterial filter...
August 11, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489326/a-5-year-update-on-the-uneven-distribution-of-women-in-orthopaedic-surgery-residency-training-programs-in-the-united-states
#19
REVIEW
Ann E Van Heest, Felicity Fishman, Julie Agel
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to update our report from academic years 2004-2005 through 2008-2009, to include 5 additional years of the Association of American Medical Colleges GME Track data. This study will test the hypothesis that, when compared with the data from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009, there were no substantial changes from 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 in the distribution of orthopaedic surgery residency programs that train female residents and have been accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27442908/the-role-of-education-in-the-implementation-of%C3%A2-shared-decision%C3%A2-making%C3%A2-in-emergency-medicine-a-research-agenda
#20
Esther H Chen, Hemal K Kanzaria, Kaoru Itakura, Juanita Booker-Vaughns, Kabir Yadav, Bryan G Kane
Shared Decision Making (SDM) is a patient-centered communication skill that is essential for all physicians to provide quality care. Like any competency or procedural skill, it can and should be introduced to medical students during their clerkships (Undergraduate Medical Education or UME), taught and assessed during residency training (Graduate Medical Education or GME), and have documentation of maintenance throughout an emergency physician's career (denoted as Continuing Medical Education or CME). A subgroup representing academic Emergency Medicine (EM) faculty, residents, content experts, and patients convened at the 2016 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference on Shared Decision Making to develop a research agenda toward improving implementation of SDM through sustainable education efforts...
July 21, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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