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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191961/poly-glycidyl-ether-based-monolayers-on-gold-surfaces-control-of-grafting-density-and-chain-conformation-by-grafting-procedure-surface-anchor-and-molecular-weight
#1
Silke Heinen, Marie Weinhart
For a meaningful correlation of surface coatings with their respective biological response reproducible coating procedures, well-defined surface coatings, and thorough surface characterization with respect to layer thickness and grafting density are indispensable. The same applies to polymeric monolayer coatings which are intended to be used for, e.g., fundamental studies on the volume phase transition of surface end-tethered thermoresponsive polymer chains. Planar gold surfaces are frequently used as model substrates, since they allow a variety of straightforward surface characterization methods...
February 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183412/graduate-medical-education-accelerated-change
#2
Mark David Linville, J Edward Bates
Graduate medical education (GME) is a critical link in the educational chain for physicians. Graduating from a strict apprenticeship model, GME has become a highly structured educational system whose peer-review organization provides an intentional and direct approach to ensuring that GME not only addresses the public's expectations of the profession but also positions itself to be a foundational structure in the outcomes-focused healthcare environment of the nation. GME is currently in a state of accelerated change-grounded in both educational and patient outcomes...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183411/funding-of-graduate-medical-education-in-a-market-based-healthcare-system
#3
Barbara L Schuster
The graduate medical education (GME) process in the United States is considered the most respected model for high-quality education of graduate physicians in the world. With substantial funding through government and private insurers and through structured educational accreditation standards, the American Board of Medical Specialists-certified physicians are recognized for their expertise in delivering high-quality medical care. However, under fiscal constraints and changing social expectations, questions are continually posed about the process of funding and whether the "physician outcomes" are sufficient to continue with the investment...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165853/biocompatibility-and-characterization-of-polyglycerol-based-thermoresponsive-nanogels-designed-as-novel-drug-delivery-systems-and-their-intracellular-localization-in-keratinocytes
#4
Christian Gerecke, Alexander Edlich, Michael Giulbudagian, Fabian Schumacher, Nan Zhang, Andre Said, Guy Yealland, Silke B Lohan, Falko Neumann, Martina C Meinke, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderón, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Burkhard Kleuser
Novel nanogels that possess the capacity to change their physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli are promising drug delivery candidates for the treatment of severe skin diseases. As thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) are capable of enhancing penetration through biological barriers such as the stratum corneum and are taken up by keratinocytes of human skin, potential adverse consequences of their exposure must be elucidated. In this study, tNGs were synthesized from dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) and two thermoresponsive polymers...
February 6, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157405/an-assessment-of-pathology-resident-access-to-and-use-of-technology-a-nationwide-survey
#5
Bethany D Vallangeon, Jeffrey S Hawley, Richard Sloane, Sarah M Bean
CONTEXT: -Current technologies including digital slide scanners and handheld devices can revolutionize clinical practice and pathology graduate medical education (GME). The extent to which these technologies are used in pathology GME is unknown. OBJECTIVES: -To determine the types of technologies used, usage amount, and how they are integrated into pathology residency/fellowship programs nationwide. DESIGN: -A 40-question online survey for residents/fellows was developed and administered via the Research Electronic Data Capture System after institutional review board approval...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129154/biologically-inspired-motion-encoding-for-robust-global-motion-estimation
#6
Evangelos Sariyanidi, Hatice Gunes, Andrea Cavallaro
The growing use of cameras embedded in autonomous robotic platforms and worn by people is increasing the importance of accurate global motion estimation (GME). However, existing GME methods may degrade considerably under illumination variations. In this paper, we address this problem by proposing a biologically-inspired GME method that achieves high estimation accuracy in the presence of illumination variations. We mimic the early layers of the human visual cortex with the spatio-temporal Gabor motion energy by adopting the pioneering model of Adelson and Bergen and we provide the closed-form expressions that enable the study and adaptation of this model to different application needs...
January 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127769/a-methodology-for-using-workforce-data-to-decide-which-specialties-and-states-to-target-for-graduate-medical-education-expansion
#7
Erin P Fraher, Andy Knapton, George M Holmes
OBJECTIVE: To outline a methodology for allocating graduate medical education (GME) training positions based on data from a workforce projection model. DATA SOURCES: Demand for visits is derived from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and Census data. Physician supply, retirements, and geographic mobility are estimated using concatenated AMA Masterfiles and ABMS certification data. The number and specialization behaviors of residents are derived from the AAMC's GMETrack survey...
February 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074495/comparison-of-medicaid-payments-relative-to-medicare-using-inpatient-acute-care-claims-from-the-medicaid-program-fiscal-year-2010-fiscal-year-2011
#8
Devin A Stone, Bridget A Dickensheets, John A Poisal
OBJECTIVE: To compare Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) inpatient hospital payments to expected Medicare payments. DATA SOURCES: Medicaid and Medicare claims data, Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and inpatient prospective payment system pricer (IPPS pricer). STUDY DESIGN: Medicaid FFS inpatient hospital claims were run through Medicare's MS-DRG grouper and IPPS pricer to compare Medicaid's actual payment against what Medicare would have paid for the same claim...
January 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071020/the-effect-of-microwave-roasting-on-the-antioxidant-properties-of-the-bangladeshi-groundnut-cultivar
#9
Abbas Ali, Anowarul Islam, Tarun K Pal
BACKGROUND: Groundnut seeds are an important source of bioactive phenolic compounds with noteworthy antioxidant capacity, which may be enhanced by the microwave roasting process. The aim of this work is   to study the changes in antioxidant activity in groundnut seeds during microwave roasting, as a function of roasting time and extract concentration, in order to maximise the phenolic content and antioxidant activity of roasted seeds. METHODS: The study was conducted to evaluate total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidative activity of methanolic (GME), ethanolic (GEE), and chloroform (GCE) extracts and methanolic extract of oil (GMO) from groundnut seeds exposed to microwaves...
October 2016: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030420/changes-in-primary-care-graduate-medical-education-are-not-correlated-with-indicators-of-need-are-states-missing-an-opportunity-to-strengthen-their-primary-care-workforce
#10
Anastasia J Coutinho, Kathleen Klink, Peter Wingrove, Stephen Petterson, Robert L Phillips, Andrew Bazemore
PURPOSE: Federal and state graduate medical education (GME) funding exceeds $15 billion annually. It is critical to understand mechanisms to align undergraduate medical education (UME) and GME to meet workforce needs. This study aimed to determine whether states' primary care GME (PCGME) trainee growth correlates with indicators of need. METHOD: Data from the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Association of the Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, and the U...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027923/specific-uptake-mechanisms-of-well-tolerated-thermoresponsive-polyglycerol-based-nanogels-in-antigen-presenting-cells-of-the-skin
#11
Alexander Edlich, Christian Gerecke, Michael Giulbudagian, Falko Neumann, Sarah Hedtrich, Monika Schäfer-Korting, Nan Ma, Marcelo Calderon, Burkhard Kleuser
Engineered nanogels are of high value for a targeted and controlled transport of compounds due to the ability to change their chemical properties by external stimuli. As it has been indicated that nanogels possess a high ability to penetrate the stratum corneum, it cannot be excluded that nanogels interact with dermal dendritic cells, especially in diseased skin. In this study the potential crosstalk of the thermoresponsive nanogels (tNGs) with the dendritic cells of the skin was investigated with the aim to determine the immunotoxicological properties of the nanogels...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018532/global-health-and-graduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Corey B Bills, James Ahn
BACKGROUND : Global health (GH) interest is increasing in graduate medical education (GME). The popularity of the GH topic has created growth in the GME literature. OBJECTIVE : The authors aim to provide a systematic review of published approaches to GH in GME. METHODS : We searched PubMed using variable keywords to identify articles with abstracts published between January 1975 and January 2015 focusing on GME approaches to GH. Articles meeting inclusion criteria were evaluated for content by authors to ensure relevance...
December 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942634/the-effect-of-gme-topology-on-multicomponent-adsorption-in-zeolitic-imidazolate-frameworks
#13
Anastasios Gotzias
We employ a simulation approach to study the adsorption of single, binary and ternary mixtures on eight gme Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) at 298 K. Four adsorbate fluids were considered; carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen and water. We compute the high pressure adsorption density profiles inside the micropore channels of each crystal. The profiles are compared directly for the different structures and adsorbate components and used to highlight the influence of the imidazolate ligands on pure and competitive adsorption...
December 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875598/results-of-the-2016-national-resident-matching-program%C3%A2-1986-2016-a-comparison-of-family-medicine-e-roads-and-other-select-specialties
#14
Stanley M Kozakowski, Alexandra Travis, Ashley Bentley, Gerald Fetter
This article is a continuation in a series of national studies conducted by the American Academy of Family Physicians that reports the performance of family medicine and other primary care specialties in the National Residency Matching Program® (NRMP) Main Residency Match, hereafter called the Match. Match data from 1986-2016 were analyzed to compare the numbers of positions offered and filled in family medicine, other primary care specialties, emergency medicine, diagnostic radiology, ophthalmology, anesthesiology, and dermatology (E-ROAD), and other select specialties...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805954/residency-placement-fever-is-it-time-for-a-reevaluation
#15
Philip A Gruppuso, Eli Y Adashi
The transition from undergraduate medical education to graduate medical education (GME) involves a process rooted in the final year of medical school. Students file applications through the Electronic Residency Application Service platform, interview with residency training (i.e., GME) programs from which they have received invitations, and generate a rank-ordered preference list. The National Resident Matching Program reconciles applicant and program rank lists with an eye towards matching students and GME programs...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797346/physician-pipeline-production-peak-or-plateau
#16
Perry G Rigby, Ramnarayan P Gururaja
The peak number of graduate medical education (GME) appointees in Louisiana was in 2013, as was the peak number of graduating senior medical students. This was followed in the next three years by a pause or plateau in each physician pipeline category, and preceded by a slow, steady rise during the six years after Hurricane Katrina 2006-2012. Katrina made a large impact in destruction, disruption, and displacement; but the acute subsided and the chronic recovery is ongoing. For a more inclusive total of GME, the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP) Fellowship match numbers were added to the main NRMP match...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796430/-respiratory-and-allergic-diseases-of-children-temporal-trends-urban-rural-differences-and-in-association-with-environmental-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#17
Kathrin Gürlich, Caroline Herr, Lana Hendrowarsito, Alisa Weber, Uta Nennstiel-Ratzel, Manfred Wildner, Bernhard Liebl, Gabriele Bolte, Rudolf A Jörres, Stefanie Kolb
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ten years after the establishment of health monitoring units (GME) in Bavaria, temporal trends and urban-rural differences in parent-reported respiratory and allergic diseases as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure in preschoolers were analyzed in an explorative manner. Furthermore, associations between diseases and ETS exposure were studied. METHODS: Parent questionnaires were used as part of the school entrance examination in two cross sectional studies (S1:2004/2005, n 1 = 6350; S2:2012/2013, n 2 = 5052)...
December 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777673/evaluating-the-evaluators-implementation-of-a-multi-source-evaluation-program-for-graduate-medical-education-program-directors
#18
Mary Ellen J Goldhamer, Keith Baker, Amy P Cohen, Debra F Weinstein
BACKGROUND: Multi-source evaluation has demonstrated value for trainees, but is not generally provided to residency or fellowship program directors (PDs). OBJECTIVE: To develop, implement, and evaluate a PD multi-source evaluation process. METHODS: Tools were developed for PD evaluation by trainees, department chairs, and graduate medical education (GME) leadership. Evaluation questions were based on PD responsibilities, including Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777671/developing-teaching-strategies-in-the-ehr-era-a-survey-of-gme-experts
#19
Amber R Atwater, Mariah Rudd, Audrey Brown, John S Wiener, Robert Benjamin, W Robert Lee, Jullia A Rosdahl
BACKGROUND : There is limited information on the impact of widespread adoption of the electronic health record (EHR) on graduate medical education (GME). OBJECTIVE : To identify areas of consensus by education experts, where the use of EHR impacts GME, with the goal of developing strategies and tools to enhance GME teaching and learning in the EHR environment. METHODS : Information was solicited from experienced US physician educators who use EPIC EHR following 3 steps: 2 rounds of online surveys using the Delphi technique, followed by telephone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777661/physician-retention-in-the-same-state-as-residency-training-data-from-1-michigan-gme-institution
#20
Tracy J Koehler, Jaclyn Goodfellow, Alan T Davis, John E vanSchagen, Lori Schuh
BACKGROUND : In a time of threats to the funding for graduate medical education (GME) and projected physician shortages, drawing attention to the value of physician training programs may be useful. One approach is to study the number and percentage of physicians who enter practice in the state in which they trained. OBJECTIVE : We sought to examine the percentage of graduates from a single Michigan-based GME institution over a 15-year period, who practiced medicine in Michigan during their career...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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