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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212400/surveys-of-public-knowledge-and-attitudes-with-regard-to-antibiotics-in-poland-did-the-european-antibiotic-awareness-day-campaigns-change-attitudes
#1
Beata Mazińska, Izabela Strużycka, Waleria Hryniewicz
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a global public health problem. Monitoring the level of knowledge regarding antibiotics is a part of the European Union Community strategy against antimicrobial resistance. OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge by the general public in Poland regarding antibiotics, AMR, and the impact of the European Antibiotic Awareness Day campaigns. METHODS: The repeated cross-sectional study was developed and carried out among the general public in Poland (in 5 waves between 2009 and 2011, embracing a total of 5004 respondents)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211179/what-do-patients-think-about-the-role-of-optometrists-in-providing-advice-about-smoking-and-nutrition
#2
Laura E Downie, Amanda Douglass, Daryl Guest, Peter R Keller
PURPOSE: Tobacco smoking and nutrition are key lifestyle factors with long-term effects on eye health. However, little is known about patients' perceptions and experiences in these areas in relation to the care received from optometrists. The main aim was to survey patients' perceptions and prior experience regarding the role of optometrists in enquiring and providing advice about tobacco smoking and nutrition. METHODS: An anonymous, paper-based survey was distributed to a convenience sample of 225 adults attending the University of Melbourne eye care clinic...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211119/cross-sectional-study-of-emergency-department-presentation-triage-categories-at-goondiwindi-hospital-and-their-effect-on-the-treatment-of-acute-emergencies
#3
Ashraf Saleh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the number and proportion of non-acute presentations to a district hospital emergency department in Goondiwindi, a rural Queensland town, both in the treatment of emergency cases and potential barriers patients have in seeing a medical practitioner in the general practice setting. DESIGN: Occasions of service to Goondiwindi Hospital were collated from administrative records according to Australasian Triage Scale categories and analysed by Student's t-test for monthly variations in triage category presentations...
February 17, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210814/post-mortem-external-examination-competence-education-and-accuracy-of-general-practitioners-in-a-metropolitan-area
#4
Ann Sophie Schröder, Sandra Wilmes, Susanne Sehner, Maren Ehrhardt, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Sven Anders
In several countries, general practitioners conduct post-mortem external examination (PMEE) and certify death in out-of-hospital cases. A possible lack of accuracy has been repeatedly criticised, although data on everyday practice of PMEE on outpatients are scarce. To evaluate medical practitioner's competence, education and accuracy regarding PMEE, we conducted a fax-survey among 1343 medical doctors in the metropolitan area of Hamburg, Germany. The results indicate considerable shortcomings in up to 63% regarding the inspection of body orifices and hidden areas, palpation of osseous structures, ectropionisation of the eyelids and use of aids...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210454/managing-patients-taking-edoxaban-in-dentistry
#5
REVIEW
Adrian Curto, Daniel Curto, Jorge Sanchez
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation therapy is used in several conditions to prevent or treat thromboembolism. A new group of oral anticoagulants with clear advantages over classic dicoumarin oral anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumarol) has been developed in recent years. The Food and Drug Administration has approved edoxaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban and apixaban. Their advantages include: predictable pharmacokinetics, drug interactions and limited food, rapid onset of action and short half-life...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210321/telemedicine-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Nicolino Ambrosino, Guido Vagheggini, Stefano Mazzoleni, Michele Vitacca
: Telemedicine is a medical application of advanced technology to disease management. This modality may provide benefits also to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Different devices and systems are used. The legal problems associated with telemedicine are still controversial. Economic advantages for healthcare systems, though potentially high, are still poorly investigated. A European Respiratory Society Task Force has defined indications, follow-up, equipment, facilities, legal and economic issues of tele-monitoring of COPD patients including those undergoing home mechanical ventilation...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210320/general-practitioners-and-rare-lung-diseases-a-task-force-for-the-development-of-rare-lung-diseases-educational-material
#7
REVIEW
Bruno Balbi, Davide Vallese, Niels Chavannes, Bjorn Stallberg, Paola Baiardi
General Practitioners need support to recognise rare lung disorders and advise patients on the best available care http://ow.ly/kDgy304rX94.
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209490/surgical-site-infection-in-gynecologic-surgery-pathophysiology-and-prevention
#8
REVIEW
Holly L Steiner, Eric A Strand
Surgical site infections (SSIs) represent a well-known cause of patient morbidity as well as added healthcare costs. In gynecologic surgery, particularly hysterectomy, SSIs are often the result of a number of risk factors that may or may not be modifiable. As both the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare Services and the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations have identified SSIs as a patient safety priority, gynecologic surgeons continue to seek out the most effective interventions for SSI prevention...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209422/-the-role-of-spirometry-in-encouraging-smoking-cessation-in-general-practice-a-pilot-study-using-lung-age
#9
A Lorenzo, F Noël, M Lorenzo, J Van Den Broucke
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to investigate whether spirometry, performed in general practitioners' offices would change non-motivated smokers' attitudes toward smoking cessation. METHOD: We performed an interventional, prospective, before-after single-center study, approved by a research ethics committee. We included 74 smokers older than 18years old, who reported no intention to quit smoking, whatever they were visiting general practitioners for. We performed spirometry and gave them their results, FEV1/FVC and lung age together with a comment on it...
February 13, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209049/5-point-checklist-for-skin-cancer-detection-in-primary-care
#10
Elvira Moscarella, Aimilios Lallas, Caterina Longo, Roberto Alfano, Giuseppe Argenziano
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer screening interventions often relay on the involvement of general practitioners (GPs). Many interventions up to now have been directed to training approaches focusing on the clinical features of skin malignancies to increase GPs skill in skin cancer recognition. METHODS: Based on the available current knowledge about skin cancer epidemiology and risk factors, we built up a 5-point checklist to help GPs in triaging patients to be referred to a dermatologist...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#11
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207987/fitness-to-drive-how-well-do-we-know-the-rules-survey-of-19-ent-surgeons-in-wales
#12
Darren Yap, Adam Shakir, Rhodri Costello, Simon Browning
Emergency department doctors and General Practitioners have a role in advising patients of their obligations to inform the DVLA regarding medical conditions that affect their ability to drive. Current guidelines are clear that the initial communication to the DVLA should be from the patient(1) . However, doctors should contact the DVLA directly if there are good reasons to do so(2) . Studies have shown that doctors' knowledge of medical restrictions placed on driving is poor (3,4,5,6) . Even if the need for a medical restriction is known, doctors are often not aware of the notification process...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207909/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-safety-attitudes-questionnaire-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-services-in-the-netherlands
#13
Marleen Smits, Ellen Keizer, Paul Giesen, Ellen Catharina Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
BACKGROUND: The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess safety culture among healthcare providers. The ambulatory version of the SAQ (SAQ-AV) can be used in the primary care setting. Our study objective was to examine the underlying factors and psychometric properties of the Dutch translation of the SAQ-AV in out-of-hours primary care services. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study using a web-survey. SETTING: Sixteen out-of-hours general practitioner cooperatives and two call centers in the Netherlands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207666/are-they-complying-physicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-readiness-to-change-regarding-low-back-pain-treatment-guideline-adherence
#14
Sheera Epstein-Sher, Dena H Jaffe, Amnon Lahad
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 145 primary care practitioners (PCPs). OBJECTIVE: To examine low back pain (LBP) guideline knowledge, readiness to implement (RTI) these guidelines, and LBP attitudes and beliefs among Israeli PCPs and determine whether physician age, guideline familiarity, and medical specialty affect these variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a common condition managed primarily by PCPs. Little is known, however, about physician's LBP knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and how these factors (knowledge, A&B) influence their practice behavior...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207415/attitudes-skill-and-use-of-evidence-based-practice-among-us-western-herbal-medicine-providers-a-national-survey
#15
James E Snow, Matthew J Leach, Bevin A Clare
Background Evidence-based practice (EBP) has been the focus of increasing attention in the teaching and delivery of both complementary and conventional healthcare. Western herbal medicine (WHM) is a system of complementary healthcare rooted in tradition. How WHM practitioners perceive, are prepared for, and use EBP, has to date been largely ignored. We therefore examined the use, opinion, skills, and training in EBP, and barriers and facilitators of EBP uptake, among herbal practitioners in the United States (US)...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207044/review-of-guidance-on-recurrence-risk-management-for-general-practitioners-in-breast-cancer-colorectal-cancer-and-melanoma-guidelines
#16
Inge Spronk, Joke C Korevaar, Jako S Burgers, Tit Albreht, François G Schellevis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206832/veterinary-students-perspectives-on-resilience-and-resilience-building-strategies
#17
Jenny E Moffett, David J Bartram
In recent years, resilience has been lauded as a valuable, even necessary, facet of an effective veterinary practitioner. This study describes a mixed-methods research exploration of the impact of a self-care and mental well-being teaching intervention on the self-reported resilience of 105 first-year veterinary students enrolled at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, UK. Quantitative data were obtained through a questionnaire, the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10), which students completed before and after the teaching intervention...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204870/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-occupational-health-services-in-sweden-a-3-year-follow-up-of-attitudes-barriers-and-facilitators
#18
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Teresia Nyman, Lydia Kwak, Akbar Alipour, Gunnar Bergström, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Ulric Hermansson, Irene Jensen
PURPOSE: The Swedish government initiated an investigation of how to secure and develop the competence of the occupational health services. The primary aim of the present study was to investigate whether the development of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the Swedish occupational health services in relation to attitudes, knowledge and use improved during the first 3 years of the government's initiative. METHODS: The study has a mixed methods design combining questionnaires and interviews with data collection at baseline and at 3-year follow-up...
February 15, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202272/long-term-nutritional-status-in-patients-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-surgery
#19
Kemal Dogan, Jens Homan, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Frits J Berends
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is an effective treatment for obesity. However, it also leads to multiple nutritional deficiencies. Much is known about the short term prevalence, but hardly any long term data is available on deficiencies. The aim of this study was to assess the long term outcome of nutritional status after RYGB. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data obtained from 51 morbidly obese patients who underwent a primary laparoscopic RYGB...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202258/sudden-cardiac-death-and-coronary-disease-in-the-young-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#20
Sára Zachariasardóttir, Bjarke Risgaard, Frederik Nybye Ågesen, Reza Jabbari, Charlotte Glinge, Ole Ingemann-Hansen, Gyda Lolk Ottesen, Jørgen Lange Thomsen, Stig Haunsø, Jytte Banner, Bo Gregers Winkel, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death caused by coronary artery disease (CAD-SCD) is the most frequent cause of SCD in persons <50years. The aim of this study was to examine differences in clinical characteristics and autopsy findings of the heart among 18-35 and 36-49year old CAD-SCD cases. METHODS: We have previously identified all sudden cardiac deaths in Denmark through review of death certificates and autopsy reports including all deaths between 2000 and 2006 in individuals aged 18-35years and all deaths between 2007 and 2009 in individuals aged 18-49years...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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