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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088773/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-end-stage-renal-disease-dialysis-patients-a-10-year-national-cohort-study
#1
Hung-Jui Chen, Jhi-Joung Wang, Wen-Ing Tsay, Shwu-Huey Her, Cheng-Heng Lin, Chih-Chiang Chien
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis and whether the dialysis modality [hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD)] confers a higher risk for AP as well as complications or mortality related to AP. METHODS: We analyzed national health insurance claims data of 67 078 ESRD patients initiating dialysis between 1999 and 2007 in Taiwan...
January 14, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088200/vitamin-d-status-among-the-elderly-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-2010-2013-china-national-nutrition-and-health-survey-cnnhs
#2
Jing Chen, Chunfeng Yun, Yuna He, Jianhua Piao, Lichen Yang, Xiaoguang Yang
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D inadequacy is common among the elderly, especially within the Asian population. The vitamin D status among healthy adults in the elderly Chinese population was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 6014 healthy adults aged 60 years or older (2948 men, 3066 women) participated in this descriptive cross-sectional analysis. Possible predictors of vitamin D inadequacy were evaluated via multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The median serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were 61...
January 14, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#3
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087523/use-of-acupuncture-in-the-usa-changes-over-a-decade-2002-2012
#4
Jia Cui, Shaobai Wang, Jiehui Ren, Jun Zhang, Jun Jing
BACKGROUND: The use of acupuncture has gained popularity in the USA. The number of acupuncture users and licensed acupuncturists increased by 50% and 100%, respectively, between 2002 and 2012, coinciding with increasing acknowledgement of the importance and efficacy of acupuncture over this time period. METHODS: This paper presents new findings from the complementary health approaches section of the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (n=33 373 respondents)...
January 13, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087356/long-term-sensitivity-and-patient-reported-functionality-of-the-neoclitoris-after-gender-reassignment-surgery
#5
Hannes Sigurjónsson, Caroline Möllermark, Johan Rinder, Filip Farnebo, T Kalle Lundgren
INTRODUCTION: A cornerstone of treating gender dysphoria for transgender women is gender reassignment surgery (GRS) encompassing vaginoplasty and clitoroplasty. The neoclitoris is harvested as a flap with a neurovascular pedicle from the proximal dorsal part of the glans penis. Few long-term follow-ups exist on postoperative sensation and patient-reported sexual functionality of the neoclitoris. AIM: To examine the sensitivity of the neoclitoris and its relation to orgasm and sexual function at least 1 year after GRS...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087246/adipocytokines-and-anthropometric-measures-in-type-2-diabetics
#6
Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Abhijit A Ghadge, Ashwini S Manglekar, Shashank S Shah, Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has assumed pandemic proportions worldwide. Aggressive management of hyperglycemia in diabetics is a primary goal of treatment. We have previously reported favorable effects of oral hypoglycemic agents on adipocytokines. Aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of adipocytokines with anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetics and age, gender matched healthy volunteers were recruited for study...
December 30, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087188/operative-fusion-of-multilevel-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-impact-of-patient-demographics
#7
Shearwood McClelland, Bryan J Marascalchi, Peter G Passias, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Anthony K Frempong-Boadu, Thomas J Errico
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in patients older than age 55, with operative management being a widely adopted approach. Previous work has shown that private insurance status, gender and patient race are predictive of the operative approach patients receive (anterior-only, posterior-only, combined anterior-posterior). The Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2001 to 2010 was used to assess the potential role of multilevel CSM as a contributing factor in determining which operative approach CSM patients receive, as it is rare for an anterior-only approach to be sufficient for CSM patients requiring fusion of four or more involved levels...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087130/attitudes-practices-and-experiences-with-implementing-a-patient-centered-medical-home-for-women-veterans
#8
Lisa S Meredith, Yan Wang, Adeyemi Okunogbe, Alicia A Bergman, Ismelda A Canelo, Jill E Darling, Elizabeth M Yano
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing demand for health care among women veterans in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), little is known about the perspectives of primary care providers (PCPs) and other primary care staff about the care they provide to women veterans. We sought to understand whether barriers to, attitudes about, and practices in caring for women veterans were associated with two measures of implementation of the VHA patient-centered medical home for women veterans (self-efficacy and satisfaction)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086915/comparative-study-in-infertile-couples-with-and-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection
#9
Yuanchang Zhu, Biao Yin, Tonghua Wu, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Yaou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis(C. trachomatis), is the most common sexually transmitted disease. The incidence is not clear due to the asymptomatic nature of early stage of infections. The incidence of Chlamydia has not been fully investigated in the Chinese Han population. Since chronic infection with can C. trachomatis can lead to infertility in males and females, it is important to determine the impact of infection on clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiology of C...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086839/ethnobotanical-knowledge-acquisition-during-daily-chores-the-firewood-collection-of-pastoral-maasai-girls-in-southern-kenya
#10
Xiaojie Tian
BACKGROUND: Researchers considering children's traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) highlighted the importance of examining children's daily activities as empirical contexts for its acquisition. Many of them evaluated children's TEK acquisition linearly as gain or loss, and paid less attention to the adaptive nature of this knowledge system and the social relationships arising from its acquisition processes. This study approaches children's TEK acquisition considering these abovementioned aspects...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#11
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086763/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-infants-with-cleft-palate-and-or-lip-at-a-hospital-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges, Martin Situma
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done on infants with CP+/-L and their caretakers admitted between November 2013 and October 2014 at CoRSU hospital which was the study setting. A questionnaire was answered by the infants' caretakers. The main outcome measure, malnutrition was defined and classified based on Z-scores obtained using the W...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081432/changes-in-age-patterns-of-suicide-in-australia-the-united-states-japan-and-hong-kong
#13
John Snowdon, Julie Phillips, Baoliang Zhong, Takashi Yamauchi, Helen F K Chiu, Yeates Conwell
The patterns of association between age and suicide rate vary by country, subpopulation and gender, and over time. To shed light on factors associated with these differences, we analysed suicide data from four populations, two 'Western' (Australia, the United States [US]) and two Asian (Japan and Hong Kong). We computed suicide rates in five-year age-groups (between 10 and 14 years and 85+ years) for men and women separately, and present graphical representations of the age patterns during selected five-year periods...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081297/first-trimester-noninvasive-fetal-rhd-genotyping-using-maternal-dried-blood-spots
#14
Yali Xiong, Stacey Jeronis, Barbara Hoffman, Dan A Liebermann, Ossie Geifman-Holtzman
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate whether maternal dried blood spots (DBS) could be a potential source for the non-invasive fetal RHD genotyping, serving as a combined one-step test for both the First Trimester Screen and the fetal RHD genotyping. METHOD: Both the DBS and the peripheral blood samples from nineteen RhD-negative pregnant women were obtained during the First Trimester Screen. DNA was extracted and Sequential Real-time PCRs were performed to determine the fetal RHD genotypes...
January 12, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#15
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079831/gastric-cancer-burden-of-last-40-years-in-north-china-hebei-province-a-population-based-study
#16
Di Liang, Suoyuan Liang, Jing Jin, Daojuan Li, Jin Shi, Yutong He
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second leading cause of cancer death in China. It is well known that Cixian in Hebei Province is one of the highest risk areas of GC in China and worldwide. This study aims to accurate assessment of GC burden and trend in high-risk area (Hebei Province) from 1973 to 2013. The authors analyzed GC data from 21 population-based cancer registries which represented 15.25% of the entire population of Hebei Province. The collected data were stratified by 5-year age groups, gender, and area...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079470/rise-in-ambient-temperature-predisposes-aging-male-japanese-patients-to-renal-colic-episodes-due-to-upper-urolithiasis
#17
Osamu Ichiyanagi, Hiroki Fukuhara, Sei Naito, Hayato Nishida, Toshihiko Sakurai, Masayuki Kurokawa, Hiromi Ito, Hiroshi Kakizaki, Akinori Muto, Yuichi Adachi, Tomoyuki Kato, Akira Nagaoka, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common urological problem, and its incidence has been increasing worldwide, including in Japan. Relationships between stone etiology and rise in ambient temperature have been reported, but it remains unclear how age and gender affect these relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective examination was conducted of the medical archives of 1005 patients (aged ≥15 years) with acute renal colic diagnosed with urolithiasis upon image examination who consecutively visited emergency departments in three hospitals...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078760/a-study-of-volumetric-variations-of-basal-nuclei-in-the-normal-human-brain-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
Amal Elkattan, Amal Mahdy, Mohamed Eltomey, Radwa Ismail
Knowledge of the effects of healthy aging on brain structures is necessary to identify abnormal changes due to diseases. Many studies have demonstrated age-related volume changes in the brain using MRI. 60 healthy individuals who had normal MRI aged from 20 years to 80 years were examined and classified into three groups: Group I: 21 persons; nine males and 12 females aging between 20-39 years old. Group II: 22 persons; 11 males and 11 females aging between 40-59 years old. Group III: 17 persons; eight males and nine females aging between 60-80 years old...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078461/cost-effectiveness-of-prophylactic-appendectomy-a-markov-model
#19
Karina Newhall, Benjamin Albright, Anna Tosteson, Elissa Ozanne, Thadeus Trus, Philip P Goodney
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is the most common emergency surgery performed in the USA. Removal of a non-inflamed appendix during unrelated abdominal surgery (prophylactic or incidental appendectomy) can prevent the downstream risks and costs of appendicitis. It is unknown whether such a strategy could be cost saving for the health system. METHODS: We considered hypothetical patient cohorts of varying ages from 18 to 80, undergoing elective laparoscopic abdominal and pelvic procedures...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078423/-sexual-medicine-in-daily-practice-germany-wide-questionnaire-of-urologists
#20
I Schloegl, F-M Koehn, K M Beier, H A G Bosinski, A Dinkel, J E Gschwend, K Herkommer
BACKGROUND: Sexual-related problems are very prevalent. Physicians of different disciplines are frequently contacted by men with those problems. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of sexual medicine in daily practice and to evaluate German urologists' need for further training in this field with a focus on gender-specific differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A five-page questionnaire included questions about sexual medicine in daily practice...
January 11, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
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