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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169190/measurement-of-basal-serum-calcitonin-for-the-diagnosis-of-medullary-thyroid-cancer
#1
Stephanie Allelein, Margret Ehlers, Corinna Morneau, Katharina Schwartz, Peter E Goretzki, Thomas Seppel, Joachim Feldkamp, Andreas Krieg, Wolfram Trudo Knoefel, Anne Kuebart, Matthias Haase, Till Dringenberg, Christine Schmid, Matthias Schott
Calcitonin (CT), a tumor marker for medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), can be stimulated with pentagastrin or calcium. Because of the unavailability of pentagastrin, basal CT measurement is frequently used for the preoperative diagnosis of MTC. The aim of the study was to define basal serum calcitonin (bCT) cut-off thresholds for diagnosing MTC. Within a retrospective analysis, 114 patients (51 males) were included fulfilling the criteria of an increased preoperative bCT level (>10 pg/ml) and the criteria of an available postoperative histology analysis...
November 23, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169169/effects-and-interactions-of-prenatal-ethanol-exposure-a-post-weaning-high-fat-diet-and-gender-on-adult-hypercholesterolemia-occurrence-in-offspring-rats
#2
Yongjian Qi, Hanwen Luo, Shuwei Hu, Yimeng Wu, Jacques Magdalou, Liaobin Chen, Hui Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) could induce intrauterine programming of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis-associated neuroendocrine metabolism, resulting in intrauterine growth retardation and susceptibility to adult hypercholesterolemia in offspring. This study aimed to analyse the effects and interactions of PEE, a post-weaning high-fat diet (HFD) and gender on the occurrence of adult hypercholesterolemia in offspring rats. METHODS: Wistar female rats were treated with ethanol (4 g/kg...
November 23, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168971/self-perceived-psychosocial-impact-of-dental-aesthetics-among-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#3
Kuracha Chakradhar, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Bandari Srikanth Reddy, Sahithi Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Background Oral health is not merely the absence of oral disease and dysfunction, but also influences the subject's social life and dento-facial self confidence. Objective To assess and correlate self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics among young adults based on gender. Subjects A convenience sample of Young adults of degree college in the age group of 18-23 years of Hyderabad city, India. Method Self perceived psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics was assessed using the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (PIDAQ)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168958/relationships-between-physical-activity-food-choices-gender-and-bmi-in-southern-californian-teenagers
#4
Jaclyn B Gaylis, Susan S Levy, Shiloah Kviatkovsky, Rebecca DeHamer, Mee Young Hong
Given the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity and risk of developing chronic disease, there has been great interest in preventing these conditions during childhood by focusing on healthy lifestyle habits, including nutritious eating and physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between PA, body mass index (BMI) and food choices in adolescent males and females. This cross-sectional study, using a survey questionnaire, evaluated 1212 Southern Californian adolescents' self-reported PA, BMI and food frequency...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168934/challenging-a-dogma-five-year-survival-does-not-equal-cure-in-all-colorectal-cancer-patients
#5
Omar Abdel-Rahman
BACKGROUND: The current study tried to evaluate the factors affecting 10- to 20- years' survival among long term survivors (>5 years) of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to examine if risk of death from CRC beyond five years varies based on baseline characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1988-2008) was queried through SEER*Stat program. Univariate probability of overall and cancer-specific survival was determined by the life tables' option of the SPSS and the difference between groups was examined through Wilcoxon (Gehan) Statistic...
November 23, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168361/hypophosphatemia-associated-risk-factors-in-pediatric-intensive-care-patients
#6
Emine Sibel Şan, Seher Erdoğan, Mehmet Boşnak, Murat Şan
Şan ES, Erdoğan S, Boşnak M, Şan M. Hypophosphatemia associated risk factors in pediatric intensive care patients. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 35-41. The aim of this work is to determine the prevalence and risk factors of hypophosphatemia in pediatric patients admitted to intensive care unit. The study was performed prospectively in patients admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit between June 2014 and December 2014. Fifty-seven patients were included in the study. The mean age of the study population was 24 months (2-192 months); 25 patients (43...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168228/trajectory-of-spirometric-and-exhaled-nitric-oxide-measurements-in-chinese-schoolchildren-with-asthma
#7
Ting F Leung, Man F Tang, Agnes S Y Leung, Wilson W S Tam, Hing Y Sy, Gary W K Wong
BACKGROUND: Lung function growth occurs in most asthmatic children. A subgroup has subnormal lung function trajectory, but such data is limited in children. This prospective study characterized longitudinal changes of spirometric indices and fractional exhaled nitric oxide level (FeNO) among asthmatic children and identified their genetic and environmental determinants. METHODS: Chinese asthmatic children recruited from paediatric clinics underwent 5-year follow-up for pre-bronchodilator spirometric indices and FeNO...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168113/dynamics-of-bone-marrow-vsels-and-hscs-in-response-to-treatment-with-gonadotropin-and-steroid-hormones-during-pregnancy-and-evidence-to-support-their-asymmetric-symmetric-cell-divisions
#8
Ranita Ganguly, Sidhanath Metkari, Deepa Bhartiya
Gender plays an important role in the incidence of hematological malignancies and recently hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) were found to proliferate more in females that gets further augmented during pregnancy. It was suggested that since basal numbers of HSCs remain the same in both sexes, possibly HSCs in females undergo increased self-renewal and apoptosis. Then how is self-renewal of stem cells regulated in males? More important, do HSCs undergo asymmetric cell divisions (ACD) or a more primitive population of pluripotent, very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) undergo ACD to self-renew and specify into HSCs? Lot more clarity is required on the bone marrow stem cells biology...
November 22, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168040/the-utility-of-home-sleep-apnea-tests-in-patients-with-low-versus-high-pre-test-probability-for-moderate-to-severe-osa
#9
Cathy A Goldstein, Hala Karnib, Katherine Williams, Zunaira Virk, Afifa Shamim-Uzzaman
PURPOSE: Home sleep apnea tests (HSATs) are an alternative to attended polysomnograms (PSGs) when the pre-test probability for moderate to severe OSA is high. However, insurers often mandate use anytime OSA is suspected regardless of the pre-test probability. Our objective was to determine the ability of HSATs to rule in OSA when the pre-test probability of an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) in the moderate to severe range is low. METHODS: Patients who underwent HSATs were characterized as low or high pre-test probability based on the presence of two symptoms of the STOP instrument plus either BMI > 35 or male gender...
November 22, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167998/association-of-stroke-subtypes-with-risk-of-hip-fracture-a-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#10
Jing-Quan Zheng, Hui-Ju Lai, Cai-Mei Zheng, Yu-Chun Yen, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Chaur-Jong Hu, Hsun-Hua Lee, Yuan-Hung Wang
Stroke is a critical issue of physical disability. This study aimed to investigate the association of stroke subtypes and hip fracture by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Significantly higher risks of hip fracture were found for female gender and intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke patients. INTRODUCTION: Previous studies reported the increased hip fracture (HF) after acute stroke. Increased falling tendency immobilization-related sarcopenia and underlying comorbidities are related to HF in stroke patients...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167793/health-and-lifestyles-factors-associated-with-osteoarthritis-among-older-adults-in-portugal
#11
Natália Duarte, Ana Maria Rodrigues, Jaime Da Cunha Branco, Helena Canhão, Susan L Hughes, Constança Paúl
Objective: This study aimed to identify independent associations of sociodemographic, functionality, physical activity, physical and mental health, and osteoarthritis (OA), among older adults. Methods: A sample of 1,645 older adults (50+ years) observed by rheumatologists, from EpiReumaPt, a population-based study was analyzed. A structured interview included sociodemographic data, chronic non-communicable disease, and physical activity. Functional ability was assessed by the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index; depression and anxiety were assessed by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167697/young-lives-disrupted-gender-and-well-being-among-adolescent-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon
#12
Jocelyn DeJong, Farah Sbeity, Jennifer Schlecht, Manale Harfouche, Rouham Yamout, Fouad M Fouad, Seema Manohar, Courtland Robinson
Background: The conflict in Syria that began in 2011 has resulted in the exodus of over 5 million Syrian refugees to neighbouring countries, with more than one million refugees currently registered by UNHCR in Lebanon. While some are living in tented settlements, the majority are living in strained conditions in rented accommodation or collective shelters in the Bekaa Valley next to Syria. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable in any crisis. In 2013-4, the American University in Beirut in collaboration with the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins and Save the Children, sought to understand the specific experiences of very young adolescents, those 10-14 years of age, in this protracted crisis context...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167684/demographic-profile-of-non-odontogenic-jaw-lesions-in-an-iranian-population-a-30-year-archive-review
#13
Fereshteh Baghai Naini, Pouyan Aminishakib, Maedeh Ghorbanpour, Mohammad Mehdi Vakili, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: The frequency of non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones is lower than that of odontogenic lesions; however, study of the epidemiologic data of these lesions is required for health care programs. This study aimed to assess the relative frequency and demographic profile of non-odontogenic jaw lesions in an Iranian population over a 30-year period. Materials and Methods: This archive review was performed using demographic and biopsy information of all patients with non-odontogenic lesions of the jawbones submitted to the Oral Pathology Department of Dental School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences from 1984 to 2014...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167620/obstructive-sleep-apnea-independently-increases-the-incidence-of-heart-failure-and-major-adverse-cardiac-events-a-retrospective-population-based-follow-up-study
#14
Yu-Sheng Lin, Pi-Hua Liu, Pao-Hsien Chu
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in heart failure (HF) patients and exacerbates the outcome of this chronic disease. However, the frequency of HF arising from OSA is varied, with little supporting literature. Here, we aimed to clarify the incidence risk of HF and major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in OSA patients from the Taiwan large database. Methods and Results: From 2000-2010, a total of 2699 newly diagnosed OSA patients after polysomnographic study and 13,490 non-OSA patients utilizing 1:5 matching was enrolled and followed to 2011...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167087/eating-behaviors-weight-bias-and-psychological-functioning-in-multi-ethnic-low-income-adolescents
#15
Rana Halabi Najjar, Eufemia Jacob, Lorraine Evangelista
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: 1) Describe the incidence of disordered eating, weight bias, body dissatisfaction, and psychological distress, 2) Examine the relationship between sociodemographic variables (gender, ethnicity, and income) and disordered eating, weight bias, body dissatisfaction, and psychological distress in a sample of low-income adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 105 adolescents from low-income neighborhoods...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166953/mating-system-age-and-reproductive-performance-in-tenuisvalvae-notata-a-long-lived-ladybird-beetle
#16
Amanda C Túler, C S A Silva-Torres, J B Torres, R B Moraes, A R S Rodrigues
The long-lived polygynandrous ladybird beetle Tenuisvalvae notata (Mulsant) found in Brazil was evaluated in the laboratory for the effects of multiple mating and aging on its reproductive performance. This species is native to South America and is an important predator of mealybugs. Specifically studied were partner choice, female reproductive success, adult longevity, male virility, and offspring development. Young (5-10 days old) and older virgin females (95-100 days old) were subjected to either a single mate or multiple mating with the same or different males of various mating status (virgin or previously mated once, twice, and thrice)...
November 23, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166887/self-confidence-and-knowledge-of-german-icu-physicians-in-palliative-care-a-multicentre-prospective-study
#17
Veronika Krautheim, Andrea Schmitz, Gesine Benze, Thomas Standl, Christine Schiessl, Wolfgang Waldeyer, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Eberhard F Kochs, Gerhard Schneider, Klaus J Wagner, Christian M Schulz
BACKGROUND: Little is known about ICU physicians' self-confidence and knowledge related to palliative care. Our objective was to investigate self-confidence and knowledge of German ICU physicians related to palliative care, and to assess the impact of work experience, gender, specialty and additional certifications in pain or palliative medicine. METHODS: In a multicentre prospective observational study ICU physicians of ten hospitals were asked to rate their self-confidence and to complete a multiple choice questionnaire for the assessment of knowledge...
November 22, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166864/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-depression-and-anxiety-in-chinese-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#18
Shi-Shuang Cui, Juan-Juan Du, Rao Fu, Yi-Qi Lin, Pei Huang, Ya-Chao He, Chao Gao, Hua-Long Wang, Sheng-Di Chen
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common in Parkinson disease and both are important determinants of quality of life in patients. Several risk factors are identified but few research have investigated general and Parkinson's disease (PD)-specific factors comprehensively. The aim of this work was to explore PD-specific and -non-specific risk factors for PD with depression or anxiety. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in 403 patients with PD. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for the depression and anxiety in PD...
November 22, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166740/-factors-associated-with-early-treatment-response-in-adults-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#19
X Ren, T Zhao, J Wang, H H Zhu, H Jiang, J S Jia, S M Yang, B Jiang, D B Wang, X J Huang, Q Jiang
Objective: To explore the factors influencing early treatment responses in adult with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: Data of consecutive newly-diagnosed AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) adults were analyzed retrospectively. To assess the impact of clinical characteristics at diagnosis and induction regimen on achieving morphologic leukemia-free state (MLFS) , blood counts and minimal residual leukemia (MRD, positive MRD defined as RQ-PCR WT1 mRNA ≥0.6% and/or any level of abnormal blast population detected by flow cytometry) at the time of achieving MLFS...
October 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166727/-analysis-on-the-trends-in-mortality-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-from-1999-to-2015-in-tianjin-of-china
#20
D Z Wang, H Zhang, Z L Xu, Y Zhang, G D Song, X D Xue, C Wang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the trends change in mortality following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from 1999 to 2015 in Tianjin, China. Methods: AMI mortality data from 1999 to 2015 were obtained from Tianjin population based mortality surveillance system operated by the Tianjin Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and population data of permanent residents were obtained from Tianjin Municipal Public Security Bureau. The trends change and affecting factors including gender, age, and geographic distribution on mortality following AMI were analyzed...
November 24, 2017: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
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