keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Female gender

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938579/the-effects-of-air-pollution-on-mortality-and-clinicopathological-features-of-esophageal-cancer
#1
Xiaochen Huang, Shanghui Guan, Jiangfeng Wang, Linli Zhao, Yibin Jia, Zilong Lu, Cuiping Yin, Shengsi Yang, Qingxu Song, Lihui Han, Cong Wang, Jingyi Li, Wei Zhou, Xiaolei Guo, Yufeng Cheng
This study aimed to estimate the associations between air pollution and esophageal cancer. In the ecologic cross-sectional study, correlation analyses were made between city-level mean concentrations of particulate matter less than 10μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10), SO2, NO2 and city-level age-standardized mortality rates of esophageal cancer in Shandong Province, China. PM10 (p=0.046) and NO2 (p=0.03) both had significant linear correlations with esophageal cancer mortality rates. After introducing smoking as a risk factor in models of multiple linear regression analyses, PM10 was still an independent risk factor that increased esophageal cancer mortality rates...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938438/targeted-disruption-of-yap-and-taz-impairs-the-maintenance-of-the-adrenal-cortex
#2
Adrien Levasseur, Guillaume St-Jean, Marilène Paquet, Derek Boerboom, Alexandre Boyer
Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are functionally redundant transcriptional regulators that are downstream effectors of the Hippo signaling pathway. They act as major regulators of stem cell maintenance, cell growth and differentiation. To characterize their roles in the adrenal cortex, we generated a mouse model in which Yap and Taz were conditionally deleted in steroidogenic cells (Yapflox/flox;Tazflox/flox;Nr5a1cre/+). Male Yapflox/flox;Tazflox/flox;Nr5a1cre/+ mice were characterized by an age-dependent degeneration of the adrenal cortex associated with an increase in apoptosis and a progressive reduction in the expression levels of steroidogenic genes...
September 14, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938410/gender-difference-in-the-clinical-presentation-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-influence-of-menopausal-status
#3
Elena Castellano, Roberto Attanasio, Alberto Boriano, Micaela Pellegrino, Francesca Garino, Laura Gianotti, Giorgio Borretta
Background: Female to male ratio in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is 3:1, but data on gender impact on the clinical presentation are limited. Methods: We evaluated retrospectively gender difference in biochemistry and clinical presentation at diagnosis in a monocentric series of 417 patients with PHPT: 93 men (58.6 ±14.5 years), and 324 women (61.7 ± 12.8 years), of whom 54 were pre-menopausal (pre-F) and 270 post-menopausal (post-F). Results: Men were significantly younger (p = 0...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938229/prevalence-and-correlates-of-comorbid-depression-in-a-nonclinical-online-sample-with-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#4
Hee Ryung Wang, Hyun Cho, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of comorbid depression among patients with internet gaming disorder using the Internet Gaming Disorder scale (IGD-9) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among nonclinical online survey respondents. METHODS: Korean adolescents and adults from 14 to 39 years of age were selected. We compared internet gaming use patterns and sociodemographic and clinical variables between patients with internet gaming disorder who had depression and those without depression...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937900/parents-attitude-towards-the-use-of-fluorides-and-fissure-sealants-and-its-effect-on-their-children-s-oral-health
#5
Sigalit Blumer, Tal Ratson, Benjamin Peretz, Nurit Dagon
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the attitudes of Israeli parents towards caries preventive measures. STUDY DESIGN: participating parents completed a 21-item questionnaire on their demographics, dental history, attitudes and satisfaction from fluorides and fissure sealants. RESULTS: One hundred parents (average age 41.62±4.9 years, 85 females) participated. Most of the parents (88% of the mothers and 84% of the fathers) had an academic education...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937258/sensitivity-to-perioperative-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-male-and-female-donor-myocardium
#6
M Smetana, J Besik, I Netuka, J Maly, J Maluskova, A Lodererova, L Hoskova, J Franeková, E Pokorna, J Pirk, O Szarszoi
Many functions of the cardiovascular apparatus are affected by gender. The aim of our study was find out whether markers of cell death present in the donor myocardium differ in male and female hearts. The study involved 81 patients undergoing heart transplantation from September 2010 to January 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: male allograft (n=49), and female allograft (n=32). Two types of myocardial cell death were analyzed. High-sensitive cardiac troponin T as a necrosis marker and protein bcl-2, caspase 3 and TUNEL as apoptosis markers were measured...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937117/gender-differences-in-dental-students-professional-expectations-and-attitudes-a-qualitative-study
#7
M da Graça Kfouri, S T Moysés, M C L Gabardo, S J Moysés
Introduction With the significant increase of women in dentistry, the profile of the dental professional has been altered.Aim To investigate the discourses of future dental surgeons, of both genders, from public and private universities of Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil, to detect whether gender profile differences can influence training and intended future practice.Methods The problem is approached using a qualitative design, with the strategy of collective interviews in focus groups followed by a discourse analysis...
September 22, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937071/insomnia-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multicenter-study-from-morocco
#8
Mohamed Amine Hamzi, Kawtar Hassani, Mohamed Asseraji, Driss El Kabbaj
Previous studies have shown that insomnia is a common sleep disorder in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of insomnia in our chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. This is a cross-sectional study conducted in three HD units in Morocco. To assess the prevalence of insomnia, we used a specific questionnaire. Patients complaining of difficulty in falling asleep and/or nocturnal awakenings occurring seven nights a week during the last month were included in the group "insomnia;" the other patients were used as controls...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937038/factors-related-to-ventricular-size-and-valvular-regurgitation-in-healthy-tibetans-in-lhasa
#9
Ying Yang, Yun-Dai Chen, Bin Feng, Zha-Xi-Duo Ji, Wei Mao, Guang Zhi
BACKGROUND: Lhasa is the main residence of Tibetans and one of the highest cities in the world. Its unique geography and ethnic population provide the chance to investigate the interactions among high altitude, ethnicity, and cardiac adaptation. Meanwhile, echocardiographic data about healthy Tibetans on a large scale are not available. This study aimed to analyze physiological factors related to ventricular size and valvular function in healthy Tibetans in Lhasa. METHODS: A representative sample of residents in Tibet was recruited using a multistage cluster random sampling method...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936995/prevalence-of-disability-in-tamil-nadu-india
#10
Banurekha Velayutham, Boopathi Kangusamy, Sanjay Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Information on disability is essential for the government to formulate policies, allocate adequate resources and implement appropriate programmes. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of disability and describe the types of disability by gender, age and geographical regions in Tamil Nadu, India. METHODS: We analysed the 2011 Census cross-sectional survey data of Tamil Nadu. Age-adjusted disability rates and disability rates per 100 000 population were calculated...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936380/knowledge-and-attitude-of-teenagers-towards-electronic-cigarettes-in-karachi-pakistan
#11
Asim Shaikh, Hamza T Ansari, Zeerak Ahmad, Mahnoor Y Shaikh, Ilma Khalid, Maha Jahangir, Amna Majeed, Nimra Shakeel, Arsalan Ahmed, Roha Saeed Memon, Eleze Tariq, Rafia Irfan, Dania Madni
Introduction Studies have shown that electronic cigarettes have gained immense popularity and their use has increased dramatically all over the world. However, little is known about the knowledge and attitudes towards e-cigarettes in third world countries such as Pakistan. The aim of this study was to determine the perceptions of teenagers in Karachi regarding e-cigarettes and whether the differences in said perceptions were affected by gender and level of education. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study in January 2017 using convenience sampling and interviewed 441 young individuals, aged 13 to 19 years, to determine their knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding e-cigarettes...
July 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936296/oral-lymphoepithelial-cyst-a-clinicopathological-study-of-26-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Maria Sykara, Panagiotis Ntovas, Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Konstantinos I Tosios, Alexandra Sklavounou
INTRODUCTION: Τo describe the clinicopathological features of 26 oral lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) and review the literature. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-six cases of oral LECs diagnosed during a 37-year period were retrospectively collected. The patients' gender and age, as well as the main clinical features of the cysts were retrieved from the requisition forms. The main microscopic features were recorded after reevaluation of all cases. Pubmed and Google Scholar electronic databases were searched with the key word "oral LEC"...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936186/assessing-the-formation-of-experience-based-gender-expectations-in-an-implicit-learning-scenario
#13
Anton Öttl, Dawn M Behne
The present study investigates the formation of new word-referent associations in an implicit learning scenario, using a gender-coded artificial language with spoken words and visual referents. Previous research has shown that when participants are explicitly instructed about the gender-coding system underlying an artificial lexicon, they monitor the frequency of exposure to male vs. female referents within this lexicon, and subsequently use this probabilistic information to predict the gender of an upcoming referent...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936077/normative-data-for-median-nerve-conduction-in-healthy-young-adults-from-punjab-india
#14
Manjinder Singh, Sharat Gupta, Kamal Dev Singh, Avnish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Nerve conduction studies (NCSs) are essential for diagnosing various kinds of focal and diffuse neuropathies. Due to the paucity of local NCS data, electrodiagnostic laboratories in Punjab rely on values from Western and other Indian studies. AIM: This study was conducted to provide normative data for median nerve conduction parameters (motor and sensory) in Punjabi populace. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on 290 participants (150 males and 140 females), aged 17-21 years, as per standardized protocol...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936066/cognitive-impairment-in-rural-elderly-population-in-ecuador
#15
Xavier Wong-Achi, Gabriela Egas, Dayana Cabrera
INTRODUCTION: The Mini-Cog is a simple and short test that identifies cognitive impairment. Its detection helps provide an early dementia diagnosis, rapid access to treatments, and even delay or reversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This multicenter, observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study included 214 patients. Patients enrolled in this study were community dwellers aged ≥55-year-old, without prior diagnosis of cognitive impairment or dementia, with adequate hearing and vision functions...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936049/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dry-eye-symptoms-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#16
Abdulaziz A Alshamrani, Abdulwahab S Almousa, Abdulrahman A Almulhim, Abdullah A Alafaleq, Mohammed B Alosaimi, Abdulrahman M Alqahtani, Ammar M Almulhem, Mohammed A Alshamrani, Ahmad H Alhallafi, Ismail Z Alqahtani, Abdullah A Alshehri
BACKGROUND: The information about dry eye epidemiology in Saudi Arabia is few in literature. PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of dry eye symptoms (DES) in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Using a multi-stage proportionate sampling technique, Saudis of both genders from 6 urban and 4 rural Primary Health Care centers in Al-Ahsa were enrolled. They were interviewed to gather data on sociodemography, symptoms of dry eye, factors potentially related to dry eye, and chronic comorbidities...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936028/social-support-and-postpartum-depression-revisited-the-traditional-female-role-as-moderator-among-mexican-women
#17
Analia F Albuja, M Asunción Lara, Laura Navarrete, Lourdes Nieto
Women who lack social support tend to have a higher risk of postpartum depression. The present study examined the traditional female role, understood here as the adoption of passive and submissive traits specific to Mexican women, as another risk factor for postpartum depressive symptomatology that interacts with social support. Using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of 210 adult Mexican women (20-44 years-old, Mage = 29.50 years, SD = 6.34), we found that lacking social support during the third trimester of their pregnancy was associated with greater depressive symptoms at 6 months in the postpartum, although this relationship depended on the level of endorsement of the traditional female role during pregnancy...
August 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935381/-sexist-attitudes-and-recognition-of-abuse-in-young-couples
#18
Vanesa García-Díaz, Alberto Lana-Pérez, Ana Fernández-Feito, Carolina Bringas-Molleda, Luis Rodríguez-Franco, F Javier Rodríguez-Díaz
AIM: To explore the association between gender-role attitudes and the recognition of abuse among adolescents and young adults during dating relationships. DESIGN: Cross-correlation study. LOCATION: 57 schools of secondary education, vocational education and university in five provinces of Spain (Huelva, Seville, A Coruña, Pontevedra and Asturias). PARTICIPANTS: 4,337 students aged between 15 and 26 years (40.6% males and 59...
September 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935364/urological-surveillance-and-medical-complications-among-ault-spina-bifida-medicare-beneficiaries
#19
Yahir Santiago-Lastra, Anne P Cameron, Julie Lai, Christopher Saigal, J Quentin Clemens
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urologic follow-up and prevalence of medical complications among adult myelomeningocele (MMC) patients in the United States who are Medicare beneficiaries. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using a 5% Medicare sample from 2007-2010. We defined acceptable minimum follow-up criteria as patients receiving all of the following: serum creatinine, upper urinary tract imaging and a urologist evaluation within a 2-year period. We queried associated diagnoses and relevant complications using ICD-9 codes, graded based on clinical impact...
September 18, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935015/-egfr-and-kras-gene-mutations-in-754-patients-with-resectable-stage-i-iiia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-its-clinical-significance
#20
Jing Zhao, Jie Gao, Liping Guo, Xiaoxu Hu, Qi Liu, Jinyin Zhao, Licheng Liu, Jun Jiang, Mengzhao Wang, Zhiyong Liang, Yan Xu, Minjiang Chen, Li Zhang, Longyun Li, Wei Zhong
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and KRAS gene are important driver genes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The studies are mainly focused on detection of EGFR gene for advanced NSCLC, and the mutation feature of EGFR and KRAS gene in early NSCLC tissue is unknown. This study aims to investigate the mutations of EGFR and KRAS gene in NSCLC, and the relationship between the genotype and clinicopathologic features. METHODS: The hotspot mutations in EGFR and KRAS gene in 754 tissue samples of stage I-IIIa NSCLC from Department of Pathology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital were detected by modified amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) real-time PCR kit, and analyzed their correlation with clinical variables...
September 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
keyword
keyword
47823
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"