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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231675/-effect-of-gender-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
Q P Xu, F He, Z Q Liu, W M Xiong, J B Lin, L Cai
Objective: To analyze the effect of gender on the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Data of 1 195 patients with NSCLC were analyzed by Chi-square, Kaplan-Meier, log-rank tests and Cox regression models. Results: Women had a longer survival than men (median overall survival 31.64 versus 22.71 months, P<0.01) in the participants of this study. Differences seen in overall survival remained the similar, after stratified by age, pathologic types, clinical stage, sizes, pleural effusion and surgery of the patients, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231659/-correlative-factors-on-prevalence-rate-of-dislipidemia-among-1-337-coal-miners-in-shanxi-province
#2
Z D Fu, D D Wen, B Wang, S L Xue, G S Liu, X H Li, Z H Zhao, J Wang, B G Wei, S P Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence rate and correlative factors of dislipidemia among Shanxi coal miners and to provide evidence for the development of programs on dislipidemia prevention. Methods: We investigated 1 337 mine workers from a Coal Group in April 2016 and collected data related to their blood biochemistry. We then classified the types in accordance with the diagnostic criteria of " Guidelines for prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in Chinese adults (2007)" , using χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model for analysis...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231604/variations-in-body-morphology-explain-gender-differences-in-thermoeffector-function-during-compensable-heat-stress
#3
Sean R Notley, Joonhee Park, Kyoko Tagami, Norikazu Ohnishi, Nigel A S Taylor
Gender is sometimes thought to independently modulate cutaneous vasomotor and sudomotor function during heat exposure. Nevertheless, it was hypothesised that, when assessed during compensable exercise that evoked equal heat-loss requirements across participants, gender differences in those thermoeffectors would be explained by variations in the ratio between body surface area and mass (specific surface area). To evaluate that possibility, vasomotor and sudomotor functions were assessed in sixty individuals (36 males, 24 females) with widely varying (overlapping) specific surface areas (range: 232...
February 23, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231502/does-gender-influence-the-levels-of-heavy-metals-in-liver-of-wild-boar
#4
C Neila, D Hernández-Moreno, L E Fidalgo, A López-Beceiro, F Soler, M Pérez-López
The aim of this study was to determine heavy metal reference levels for risk assessment studies. For this purpose, the levels of lead, cadmium, copper and zinc were determined in liver tissues of wild boars sampled in NW Spain. The mean values were 0.383, 0.326, 23.50 and 56.86mg/kg dried weight, respectively. In general, the levels detected were similar to or lower than the levels reported in literature. This study not only provides a useful baseline for biomonitoring the levels of the analyzed contaminants in wildlife in NW Spain, it also helps to understand the effects of gender on the levels of these elements...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231481/the-influence-of-personality-traits-and-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-on-repetitive-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-school-sample
#5
Janine Lüdtke, Benedict Weizenegger, Rachel Rauber, Brigitte Contin, Tina In-Albon, Marc Schmid
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is highly prevalent among adolescents and associated with various mental health problems and suicidality. Previous studies have found that certain personality traits are related to NSSI behavior, however only few studies examined personality traits in adolescents with NSSI. Our study aimed to assess the relationship between personality traits and emotional and behavioral problems in predicting repetitive NSSI among adolescents from a school sample...
February 14, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231258/depressive-symptoms-in-hiv-infected-and-seronegative-control-subjects-in-cameroon-effect-of-age-education-and-gender
#6
Georgette D Kanmogne, Fang Qiu, Félicien E Ntone, Julius Y Fonsah, Dora M Njamnshi, Callixte T Kuate, Roland F Doh, Anne M Kengne, Claude T Tagny, Emilienne Nchindap, Léopoldine Kenmogne, Dora Mbanya, Mariana Cherner, Robert K Heaton, Alfred K Njamnshi
Depression is a leading cause of HIV/AIDS disease burden; it worsens health outcomes and quality of life. Addressing this problem requires accurate quantification of the extra burden of depression to HIV/AIDS in a given population, and knowledge of the baseline depression prevalence in the general population. There has been no previous study of depression in the general Cameroonian population. The current study attempts to address that important need. We used the Beck Depression Inventory-II to assess the prevalence and severity of depressive symptoms in 270 HIV-infected and seronegative Cameroonians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231126/macular-pigment-optical-density-and-measures-of-macular-function-test-retest-variability-cross-sectional-correlations-and-findings-from-the-zeaxanthin-pilot-study-of-response-to-supplementation-zeastress-pilot
#7
Alessandro Iannaccone, Giovannella Carboni, Gina Forma, Maria Giulia Mutolo, Barbara J Jennings
We report on the short-term test-retest baseline variability in macular function tests in ZEASTRESS-Pilot participants (n = 18), on their cross-sectional correlation with macular pigment optical density (MPOD), and on the effects of four months (FUV4) of 20 mg/day zeaxanthin (ZX), followed by a four-month washout (FUV8; n = 24, age 50-81 years old). Outcomes included: MPOD at 0.5 and 2.0 deg eccentricity (MPOD-0.5 and -2.0); contrast sensitivity (CS); pattern-reversal electroretinogram (PERG) amplitude; dark-adapted 650 nm foveal cone sensitivity (DA650-FCS); and 500 mn parafoveal rod sensitivity (DA500-PFRS)...
April 29, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230454/adherence-persistence-and-health-care-costs-for-patients-receiving-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-inhibitors
#8
Karen L Rascati, Karen Worley, Yunus Meah, Damian Everhart
BACKGROUND: The dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are among the newer, yet more established, classes of diabetes medications. OBJECTIVE: To compare adherence, persistence, and health care costs among patients taking DPP-4 inhibitors. METHODS: Claims were extracted from Humana Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) or commercial plans for patients aged > 18 years with ≥ 1 prescription filled for a DPP-4 inhibitor between July 1, 2011, and March 31, 2013...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230063/effects-of-calcium-plus-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
L Wu, D Sun
The effect of calcium or vitamin D supplement on blood pressure (BP) has been explored in previous meta-analyses, but the results are conflicting. The combined efficacy of calcium and vitamin D on BP has not been systematically assessed. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of calcium plus vitamin D (CaD) supplementation on changes of systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure among male and female participants (with and without diagnosed hypertension) aged 18 years or older...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229837/-professional-satisfaction-within-family-health-units-of-central-region
#10
Rui Passadouro, Pedro Lopes Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction, as an organizational climate indicator, is a complex and subjective phenomenon. It is prone to individual variation, social settings and suitable to multiple explanatory theories. It can impact productivity and absenteeism, predict well-being, and it is associated with mental health, self-esteem and perception of physical health. It is comprised as one of the National Health Service evaluation criteria. This study aimed to assess the level of job satisfaction in family health units of Central Region of the country...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229645/ballroom-dancing-is-more-intensive-for-the-female-partners-due-to-their-unique-hold-technique
#11
M Vaczi, E Tekus, T Atlasz, A Cselko, G Pinter, D Balatincz, M Kaj, M Wilhelm
In this study, we tested the hypotheses that, relative to the maximum capacities, ballroom dancing is more intensive for females than males, and that the hold technique (female vs. male) regulates dancing intensity. Ten dance couples were tested in a maximal treadmill test, competition simulation, and stationary dance hold position. Peak heart rate and relative oxygen consumption were measured during the tests, except that oxygen consumption was not measured during competition simulation. Regardless of gender, heart rate increased similarly in the treadmill test and in the competition simulation...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229547/the-association-between-cytomegalovirus-infection-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-u-s-adult-females
#12
Shannon Fleck-Derderian, William McClellan, Janet M Wojcicki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is associated with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and whether this relationship differs by BMI. METHODS: Data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were pooled (N = 2,532). Logistic regression was used for assessing the association between CMV and MetS, stratified by gender and BMI, categorized as normal weight, overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity, and adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and poverty level...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229470/the-incidence-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-denmark-1980-2013-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#13
S N Lophaven, E Lynge, J Burisch
BACKGROUND: Globally, the incidence rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are increasing; however, data from high-incidence areas are conflicting. Previous studies in Denmark have assessed incidence rates of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) using short observation periods. AIM: To investigate trends in IBD incidence in Denmark over a thirty-year period using nationwide data. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with CD or UC in Denmark between 1980 and 2013 were identified in the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR) and included in a nationwide cohort...
February 23, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229347/the-role-of-questioning-environment-personality-traits-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-tinnitus-severity-perception
#14
Robertas Strumila, Aistė Lengvenytė, Vija Vainutienė, Eugenijus Lesinskas
Psychological factors have been described as important for tinnitus severity, but attempts to incorporate them in one picture are sparse. This study investigated to what extent traits (personality), states (depressive and anxiety symptoms), sociodemographic factors and questioning environment influence tinnitus severity perception and how they interplay. Data were obtained from 212 subjects in a survey that was undertaken in 2016 at Vilnius University hospital and via internet. Measures included the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Big Five Personality Dimensions Scale and sociodemographic questions...
February 23, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229320/primary-headache-disorders-in-the-adult-general-population-of-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-nationwide-prevalence-survey
#15
A A Herekar, A Ahmad, U L Uqaili, B Ahmed, J Effendi, S Z Alvi, M A Shahab, U Javed, A D Herekar, Rafiq Khanani, T J Steiner
BACKGROUND: The large geographical gaps in our knowledge of the prevalence and burden of headache disorders include almost all of Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). We report a nationwide population-based study in Pakistan, an EMR country with the sixth largest population in the world, conducted as a project within the Global Campaign against Headache. METHODS: We surveyed six locations from the four provinces of Pakistan: Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229219/prevalence-and-clinical-impact-of-iron-deficiency-and-anaemia-among-outpatients-with-chronic-heart-failure-the-prep-registry
#16
Stephan von Haehling, Uwe Gremmler, Michael Krumm, Frank Mibach, Norbert Schön, Jens Taggeselle, Johannes B Dahm, Christiane E Angermann
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency (ID) and anaemia are common in heart failure (HF). The prospective, observational PReP registry (Prävalenz des Eisenmangels bei Patienten mit Herzinsuffizienz) studied prevalence and clinical impact of ID and anaemia in HF outpatients attending cardiology practices in Germany. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 42 practices enrolled consecutive patients with chronic HF [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤45%]. ID was defined as serum ferritin <100 µg/l, or serum ferritin ≥100 µg/l/<300 µg/l plus transferrin saturation <20%, and anaemia as haemoglobin <13 g/dl (12 g/dl) in men (women)...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229217/foxo3-estrogen-receptor-alpha-and-androgen-receptor-impact-tumor-growth-rate-and-infiltration-of-dendritic-cell-subsets-differentially-between-male-and-female-mice
#17
Matthew G Thompson, Daniel S Peiffer, Michelle Larson, Flor Navarro, Stephanie K Watkins
Tumors evade immune recognition and destruction in many ways including the creation of an immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment (TME). Dendritic cells (DC) that infiltrate the TME are tolerogenic, and suppress effector T cells and anti-tumor activity. Previous reports demonstrated that a key regulator of tolerance in DC is the transcription factor FOXO3. Gender disparity has been studied in cancer in relation to incidence, aggressiveness, and prognosis. Few studies have touched on the importance in relation to impact on the immune system...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#18
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228946/reward-and-punishment-sensitivity-and-disordered-eating-behaviors-in-men-and-women
#19
Kalina T Eneva, Susan Murray, Jared O'Garro-Moore, Angelina Yiu, Lauren B Alloy, Nicole M Avena, Eunice Y Chen
BACKGROUND: Reward and punishment sensitivities have been identified as potential contributors to binge eating and compensatory behaviors, though few studies have examined gender differences in these behaviors. METHOD: A college-aged sample (N = 1,022) completed both the Eating Disorders Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) and Sensitivity to Punishment/Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ). RESULTS: Rates of binge eating were similar in males and females...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228528/clinical-genetic-and-structural-basis-of-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-11%C3%AE-hydroxylase-deficiency
#20
Ahmed Khattab, Shozeb Haider, Ameet Kumar, Samarth Dhawan, Dauood Alam, Raquel Romero, James Burns, Di Li, Jessica Estatico, Simran Rahi, Saleel Fatima, Ali Alzahrani, Mona Hafez, Noha Musa, Maryam Razzghy Azar, Najoua Khaloul, Moez Gribaa, Ali Saad, Ilhem Ben Charfeddine, Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonça, Alicia Belgorosky, Katja Dumic, Miroslav Dumic, Javier Aisenberg, Nurgun Kandemir, Ayfer Alikasifoglu, Alev Ozon, Nazli Gonc, Tina Cheng, Ursula Kuhnle-Krahl, Marco Cappa, Paul-Martin Holterhus, Munier A Nour, Daniele Pacaud, Assaf Holtzman, Sun Li, Mone Zaidi, Tony Yuen, Maria I New
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), resulting from mutations in CYP11B1, a gene encoding 11β-hydroxylase, represents a rare autosomal recessive Mendelian disorder of aberrant sex steroid production. Unlike CAH caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency, the disease is far more common in the Middle East and North Africa, where consanguinity is common often resulting in identical mutations. Clinically, affected female newborns are profoundly virilized (Prader score of 4/5), and both genders display significantly advanced bone ages and are oftentimes hypertensive...
February 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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