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Dulce M Zanardi, Erly C Moura, Leonor P Santos, Maria C Leal, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between self-reported maternal near miss and adverse nutritional status in children under one year of age. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of a study in which women who took their children under one year of age to the national vaccine campaign were interviewed. The self-reported condition of maternal near miss used the criteria of Intensive Care Unit admission; eclampsia; blood transfusion and hysterectomy; and their potential associations with any type of nutritional disorder in children, including deficits in weight-for-age, deficits in height-for-age, obesity and breastfeeding...
October 1, 2016: Clinics
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, M Bravi, S Grandini
AIM: The aim of the study was to establish whether caries prevalence on the buccal surfaces of first lower permanent molars (FLPMs) can be compared to those on the occlusal surfaces in order to justify the utility of extending pit and fissure sealing also to the extra-occlusal surfaces. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Design: an observational study was carried out in the children population (n=779) aged ≤14 years (mean age 7.68, SD 3.53) that presented at the Paediatric Dentistry Department of the University of Perugia...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Alia Alghwiri, Gregory Marchetti
PURPOSE: To investigate the point prevalence of upper back pain (UBP) and lower back pain (LBP) in Jordanian schoolteachers and to estimate the work-related reported disability. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was used to assess back pain in a convenience sample of teachers in Jordan. Crude and weighted prevalence estimates of self-reported spinal pain and limited productivity were described. Demographic and occupational factors associated with self-reported pain and limited productivity were identified by multinomial/logistic regression...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Stefanie Doebler, Assumpta Ryan, Sally Shortall, Aideen Maguire
Informal care-giving can be a demanding role which has been shown to impact on physical, psychological and social well-being. Methodological weaknesses including small sample sizes and subjective measures of mental health have led to inconclusive evidence about the relationship between informal care-giving and mental ill-health. This paper reports on a study carried out in a UK region which investigated the relationship between informal care-giving and mental ill-health. The analysis was conducted by linking three data sets, the Northern Ireland Longitudinal Study, the Northern Ireland Enhanced Prescribing Database and the Proximity to Service Index from the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency...
October 18, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and summarize the studies examining the correlates and predictors of anxiety in older adults living in residential aged care. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, five electronic databases were searched using key terms and subject headings, as well as reference lists of relevant papers. The search was limited to peer-reviewed literature published in English. Eligible studies examined the association between at least one correlate/factor and anxiety disorders or symptoms in aged care residents aged 50+ years...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Teresa A Treat, Erin K Church, Richard J Viken
Contemporary models of male-initiated sexual aggression toward female acquaintances implicate misperception of women's sexual interest. This study investigated the effects of gender, rape-supportive attitudes and an instructional manipulation on college students' sexual-interest judgments. Two hundred seventy-six women and 220 men judged the cues of momentary sexual interest expressed by photographed women; half received instruction on the differential validity of nonverbal cues of sexual interest for estimation of women's momentary sexual interest...
October 17, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Gang Li, Hong-Bing Tao, Jia-Zhi Liao, Jin-Hui Tang, Fang Peng, Qin Shu, Wen-Gang Li, Shun-Gui Tu, Zhuo Chen
Patient safety education is conducive to medical students' cognition on patient safety and to improvement of medical quality and safety. Developing patient safety education for medical students is more and more widely recognized by World Health Organization and countries all over the world. However, in China, patient safety courses aiming at medical students are relatively few, and there are few reports about the effect of patient safety courses. This paper explored the influence of patient safety curriculum on medical students' attitude to and knowledge of patient safety...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Divya Balaji, Linda B Mlunde, Olivia C Tran, Barrot Lambdin, Jessie Mbwambo, Cassian Nyandindi, Eva Matiko, Michael Copenhaver, R Douglas Bruce
High prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among females who use drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, contrasts strikingly with their low enrollment in HIV risk reduction services such as methadone assisted therapy (MAT). We conducted a case-control study to examine factors associated with non-enrollment in MAT, with a focus on gender-based violence. We interviewed 202 female heroin users not enrolled in MAT as cases and 93 females enrolled in MAT. We fitted logistic regression models with MAT enrollment as the outcome of interest...
October 17, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Shiny Thomas, Mary E Hovinga, Dheeraj Rai, Brian K Lee
Epilepsy is reported to co-occur in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous studies across the world have found prevalence estimates ranging from 4 to 38 %. We examined parent-reported prevalence of co-occurring epilepsy and ASD in the most recent U.S. National Survey of Children's Health, 2011-2012. All analyses accounted for survey weights to account for the complex sampling design. In the overall analytic sample of 85,248 children ages 2-17, there were 1604 children with ASD (prevalence of 1...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
David Pace, Mark Borgaonkar, Brad Evans, Curtis Marcoux, Muna Lougheed, Vanessa Falk, Nikita Hickey, Meghan O'Leary, Jerry McGrath, Darrel Boone
INTRODUCTION: To determine whether the annual case volume of general surgeons (greater or less than 200 colonoscopies) is associated with quality outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study involved all adults who underwent colonoscopy by a surgeon in the city of St. John's, NL, during the first 6 months of 2012. Subjects were identified through records from the health authority, and data were recorded on a standardized data sheet. Univariate analysis followed by stepwise multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine whether there was an association between quality outcomes (colonoscopy completion rate, adenoma detection rate) and predictors of these outcomes including annual colonoscopy volume, patient age, gender, indication for colonoscopy, and ASA score...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Michaela Archer, Yasmine Lau, Faisil Sethi
Aims and method Recent policy guidelines published by the Department of Health highlight the need to develop gender-sensitive psychiatric services. However, very little is currently known about the specific characteristics and needs of female patients entering acute psychiatric wards, particularly psychiatric intensive care units. This article aims to review the current literature on what is known about this group of patients. PubMed, Embase and PsycINFO were systematically searched using a number of key terms...
October 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
Kingston Rajiah, Mari Kannan Maharajan, Shashina Nair
Pharmacy students' knowledge about adverse drug reaction reporting can impact their attitude towards patient care and issues on patient safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and perception of pharmacy students about adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance and to study their willingness to report. A cross-sectional study using a validated questionnaire was conducted among the university students. The demographic details of the respondents were studied. The number of female respondents was comparatively higher than the male respondents...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Charles E Anyanechi, Otasowie D Osunde, Birch D Saheeb
OBJECTIVE: To analyze cases of compound, unfavorable and non-comminuted mandibular angle fractures treated by trans-osseous wiring, presenting postoperative complications, in a low resource center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a 13-year retrospective study of 1,324 fractures in 1,317 subjects. The predictor variables were age, gender, aetiology, time lag between injury and treatment, and concomitant mandibular and mid-facial fractures. The outcome variable was the development of complication(s) after treatment...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
Carmen Jiménez-Castells, Jorick Vanbeselaere, Sonja Kohlhuber, Bärbel Ruttkowski, Anja Joachim, Katharina Paschinger
BACKGROUND: The porcine nodule worm Oesophagostomum dentatum is a strongylid class V nematode rather closely related to the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. However, in contrast to the non-parasitic C. elegans, the parasitic O. dentatum is an obligate sexual organism, which makes both a gender and developmental glycomic comparison possible. METHODS: Different enzymatic and chemical methods were used to release N-glycans from male and female O. dentatum as well as from L3 and L4 larvae...
October 14, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Quinn K Lippmann, Jeff M Slezak, Shawn A Menefee, Casey K Ng, Emily L Whitcomb, Ronald K Loo
BACKGROUND: Urologic cancer has a lower prevalence in women compared to men, however there are no differences in the recommended evaluation for women and men with microscopic hematuria. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors associated with urologic cancer in female patients with microscopic hematuria and to determine the applicability of a hematuria risk score for women. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study within an integrated health care system in Southern California...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Samuel A Olowookere, Emmanuel A Abioye-Kuteyi, O Adekanle
BACKGROUND: Ebola viral disease (EVD) epidemic need to be contained through means which include vaccination of susceptible population. Vaccination has eradicated major killer diseases. OBJECTIVE: The study determined the health workers willingness to participate in EVD vaccine clinical trials and receive EVD vaccine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study design involving 370 consenting health workers of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife that completed a self administered semi-structured questionnaire...
October 14, 2016: Vaccine
Giuseppe Loverro, Leonardo Resta, Miriam Dellino, Di Naro Edoardo, Maria Arcangela Cascarano, Matteo Loverro, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia
OBJECTIVE: Female-to-male transition remains a specific clinical indication for long-term testosterone administration. There is a limited number of studies dealing with the effect of androgen treatment on their female receptive targets (mainly breast and uterus) and the knowledge in this field is scarce and, sometimes, contradictory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study including 12 patients aged between 20 years and 32 years, with a diagnosis of gender dysphoria, treated with parenteral testosterone administration before sexual reassignment surgery...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Pedro David Carvalho, Cátia Duarte, Elsa Vieira-Sousa, Luís Cunha-Miranda, Pedro Avila-Ribeiro, Helena Santos, Miguel Bernardes, Maria José Santos, Marcos Cerqueira, Margarida Mateus, Patrícia Nero, Ana Águeda, José António Pereira da Silva, Pedro Machado
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disease with a broad clinical spectrum. PsA can affect the axial skeleton, peripheral joints, entheses, synovial sheaths of tendons, skin, nails and extra-articular organs. Tumour necrosis factor alpha blockers (TNF blockers) were a breakthrough development in the treatment of PsA. Identifying predictors of response to biological therapies in patients with PsA is of utmost importance, especially in view of the costs and potential side effects of these agents...
August 17, 2016: Acta Reumatológica Portuguesa
C Perez-Becerril, A G Morris, A Mortimer, P J McKenna, J de Belleroche
Previously, we found a significant gender-specific association of schizophrenia, in a UK case/control study, with SLC30A3, a candidate that is consistently down-regulated in schizophrenia in two independent cohorts. In view of the potential significance of this finding, we extended this study to a larger cohort using GWAS data from the Psychiatric Genetic Consortium (PGC). Meta-analysis was performed for the only two SLC30A3 SNP variants (rs11126936 and rs11126929) available in most PGC cohorts. A significant association with schizophrenia was found for both variants...
September 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Karoline Rodrigues Campos, Maria Gisele Gonçalves, Adele Caterino-de-Araujo
Changes in retrovirus acquisition/transmission behaviors have been reported in Brazil, with a concerning increase in HIV-1 infected individuals aged 15 to 39 years. In São Paulo, HIV-1/HTLV-1 and HIV-1/HTLV-2 coinfections have been associated with intravenous drug use and failure to detect HTLV-1/2 with immunosuppression and the use of active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Negative results for HTLV serologic [western blotting (WB)] and molecular [real-time PCR pol (qPCR)] confirmatory assays have been reported, whereas the best sensitivity has been found for INNO-LIA (LIA)...
October 17, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
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