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Obstetrical ultra/

Zhu Li-Fei, Liu Hong-Xiong, H E Ying
Our study aimed to investigate the measurement of frontal lobe volume and thalamic volume in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) at different gestational weeks using three dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography and its clinical value. Then, 238 pregnant women who received obstetric ultrasonography in ultrasound department of Internal Medicine of our hospital were enrolled between March 2013 to April 2014. In this study, 85 fetuses were diagnosed to develop CHD by prenatal fetal echocardiography, and the other 153 fetuses were normal...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Emma C Rossi, Lynn D Kowalski, Jennifer Scalici, Leigh Cantrell, Kevin Schuler, Rabbie K Hanna, Michael Method, Melissa Ade, Anastasia Ivanova, John F Boggess
BACKGROUND: Sentinel-lymph-node mapping has been advocated as an alternative staging technique for endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to measure the sensitivity and negative predictive value of sentinel-lymph-node mapping compared with the gold standard of complete lymphadenectomy in detecting metastatic disease for endometrial cancer. METHODS: In the FIRES multicentre, prospective, cohort study patients with clinical stage 1 endometrial cancer of all histologies and grades undergoing robotic staging were eligible for study inclusion...
March 2017: Lancet Oncology
A Tussupkaliyev, Zh Daribay, M Saduov, M Dossimbetova, G Rakhmetullina
Improving treatment outcomes obstetric peritonitis after cesarean section on the basis of organ-preserving treatment and reasonable intensive care in the postpartum period. Fifteen clinical cases in which on the background of peritonitis were made conserving surgery, which included: excision of necrotic areas on the uterus, uterine cavity curettage, metroplasty. Nasointestinal bowel intubation and drainage of the abdominal cavity. It is discussed tactics of postpartum women with obstetric peritonitis on the background of insolvency seams on the uterus, currently existing criteria for evaluation and treatment of patients data...
December 2016: Georgian Medical News
Ling Wei, Pengyun Qiao, Ying Shi, Yan Ruan, Jie Yin, Qingqing Wu, Bing Shao
Triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) are widely used as antimicrobial compounds in consumer products. TCS and TCC are frequently found in waste water and sewage. In this study, we investigate the potential impact of exposure to triclosan (TCS) and triclocarban (TCC) on fetal abnormalities. We measured TCS and TCC levels in maternal and umbilical cord blood samples from 39 pregnant women diagnosed with fetal or post-birth abnormalities at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital. 52 pregnant women who gave birth to healthy neonates during the same period of time were included as controls...
March 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
P Fusar-Poli, M Tantardini, S De Simone, V Ramella-Cravaro, D Oliver, J Kingdon, M Kotlicka-Antczak, L Valmaggia, J Lee, M J Millan, S Galderisi, U Balottin, V Ricca, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: Subjects at ultra high-risk (UHR) for psychosis have an enhanced vulnerability to develop the disorder but the risk factors accounting for this accrued risk are undetermined. METHOD: Systematic review of associations between genetic or environmental risk factors for psychosis that are widely established in the literature and UHR state, based on comparisons to controls. RESULTS: Forty-four studies encompassing 170 independent datasets and 54 risk factors were included...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Michael Heesen, Markus Klimek
Neuraxial labor analgesia can be initiated via combined spinal-epidural (CSE) or stand-alone epidural. Pros and cons of these techniques are outlined in this review. In recent years computer-integrated patient-controlled epidural analgesia (CI-PCEA) and programed intermittent epidural boluses (PIEB) have been developed, adding to continuous infusion and PCEA for the maintenance of neuraxial analgesia. Postdural puncture headache (PDPH) and fever can occur secondary to labor epidural that both have clinical relevance for the care givers...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
E Merz
Vaginal ultrasound probes are semi-critical Group A medical products which must be disinfected following the manufacturer's instructions after every patient examination. According to the "Essential Requirements for Medical Devices (Directive 93/42/EEC, Annex I, paragraph 13)" the manufacturer's instructions for use for reusable products must contain suitable instructions for preparation processes. This presumes both an effective and material-compatible method. Evidence of effectiveness must be validated.In the Editorial in issue 1 Ultraschall in der Medizin/European Journal of Ultrasound 2005 we discussed the topic of transducer hygiene and stated that proper handling and cleaning as well as disinfection of probes in daily use are indispensable...
April 2016: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Hua Tu, He Huang, Jihong Liu
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the clinical value of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in diagnosis of lymph node metastasis in early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of vulva. METHODS: Cochrane library, biomedical database (EMbase), PubMed, China national knowledge internet (CNKI), Wang Fang database, «Gynecologic Oncology», «National Medical Journal of China» and «Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology» were searched for literatures from 1990 to 2014 concerning SLNB application in early-stage vulvar squamous cell carcinoma...
September 1, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Cui-Lan Li, Dun-Jin Chen, Yi-Fan Deng, Li-Ping Song, Xue-Tang Mo, Kai-Jie Liu
STUDY QUESTION: What is the efficacy of maintaining or restoring non-pregnant status with low-dose mifepristone combined with misoprostol administered before expected menstruation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Low-dose mifepristone and misoprostol administered at the time of expected menstruation was effective and safe in maintaining or restoring non-pregnant status, with no obvious menstrual disturbance. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Menstrual regulation involves the medical or mechanical stimulation of uterine sloughing in women with up to 2-3 weeks of menstrual delay...
December 2015: Human Reproduction
Pattama Tongdee, Matchuporn Sukprasert, Chonticha Satirapod, Anna Wongkularb, Wicham Choktanasiri
BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of sperm is common methods to preserve male fertility. Sperm freezing, suggest slow programmable freezing caused lower change of sperm morphology than sperm freezing in vapor of liquid nitrogen. Ultra rapid freezing is easy to be worked on, less time, low cost and does not need high experience. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on sperm motility, morphology and DNA integrity of post-thawed sperm after ultra rapid freezing and slow programmable freezing methods...
May 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Alex Farr, Yvonne Bader, Peter W Husslein, Georg Györi, Ferdinand Mühlbacher, Markus Margreiter
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates pregnancy outcomes in renal transplant recipients who have additional obstetrical, surgical, or urological risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data from our transplantation and obstetrical databases were retrospectively analyzed to identify all women of reproductive age who had undergone renal transplantation between 1999 and 2013 at our tertiary referral center and had subsequently become pregnant. Characteristics of pregnancy and perinatal outcome parameters; obstetrical, urological, and surgical risk factors; and graft function were assessed...
September 2014: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Gökhan Boyraz, Gürkan Bozdağ
Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is defined as the situation when the pregnancy test is positive but there are no signs of intrauterine pregnancy or an extrauterine pregnancy via transvaginal ultra-sonography. It is not always possible to determine the location of the pregnancy in cases of PUL. The reported rate of PUL among women attending early pregnancy units varies between 5 and 42% in the literature and the frequency of PUL incidents has increased with the increase in the number of early pregnancy units...
2013: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Petr Stourac, Hana Suchomelova, Marta Stodulkova, Martin Huser, Ivo Krikava, Petr Janku, Olga Haklova, Lubomir Hakl, Roman Stoudek, Roman Gal, Pavel Sevcik
INTRODUCTION: Epidural analgesia (EA) has significant contraindications including coagulation disorders and parturient refusal. One alternative is intravenous self-administered analgesia using the ultra short-acting opioid remifentanil (rPCA). We compared the efficiency and safety of standard epidural analgesia with parturient-controlled intravenous analgesia using remifentanil as well as personal satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled twelve ASA I classified women with singleton pregnancy who delivered vaginally in the period 3/2010-5/2010 and who received rPCA (n=12) in standard analgesic protocol: 20 µg boluses using PCA pump with a lockout interval of 3 min...
June 2014: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Antonio Preti, Alessia Pisano, Maria Teresa Cascio, Emiliano Monzani, Anna Meneghelli, Angelo Cocchi
The people classified as being at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis are expected to share many risk factors for psychosis with the patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, including an enhanced incidence of obstetric complications (OCs). This study set out to investigate the incidence and correlates of OCs in a sample of patients accessing an early intervention center. Patients' mothers were asked whether they had suffered from any somatic complication during pregnancy from a list of OCs with potential direct relevance to the physical wellbeing of the offspring...
December 30, 2012: Psychiatry Research
J S Abramowicz, F W Kremkau, E Merz
"Fetuses can hear ultrasound and the sound is as loud as a subway train entering a station." This statement originates in a single report in a non-peer reviewed journal, despite its name 1, of a presentation at a scientific meeting by researchers who reported measuring the sound intensity in the uterus of pregnant women and being able to demonstrate the above. This was later published in a peer-review journal 2 probably not very widely read by clinicians or the general public. From time to time, the popular press or various pregnancy-related websites repeat the assertion or a worried pregnant patient inquires about the truthfulness of this statement...
June 2012: Ultraschall in der Medizin
Patricia M W Lam, Vilas Mistry, Timothy H Marczylo, Justin C Konje, Mark D Evans, Marcus S Cooke
Interaction of reactive oxygen species with DNA results in a variety of modifications, including 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), which has been extensively studied as a biomarker of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is implicated in a number of pathophysiological processes relevant to obstetrics and gynecology; however, there is a lack of understanding as to the precise role of oxidative stress in these processes. We aimed to develop a rapid, validated assay for the accurate quantification of 8-oxodG in human urine using solid-phase extraction and ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) and then investigate the levels of 8-oxodG in several fluids of interest to obstetrics and gynecology...
May 15, 2012: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Shazia Riaz, Faiza Ibrar, Nasira Sabiha Dawood, Alia Jabeen
BACKGROUND: Menorrhagia is objectively defined as blood loss greater than 80 ml or menstrual period lasting longer than 7 days. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is responsible for 80% cases of Menorrhagia. Objective of this study was to find out the endometrial pathology and usefulness of hysterocopic directed endomentrial sampling in patient having menorrhagia in premenopausal age group. METHODS: This prospective descriptive study was conducted at Unit 1 of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi, Pakistan from January to December 2007...
July 2010: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
A R Rahana, S P Ng, C F Leong, M D Rahimah
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effect of human semen cryopreservation using an ultra-low temperature technique with a mechanical freezer at -85°C as an alternative method to the conventional liquid nitrogen technique at -196°C. METHODS: This was a prospective experimental study conducted in the Medically Assisted Conception unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, National University Hospital, Malaysia from January 1, 2006 to April 30, 2007. All normozoospermic semen samples were included in the study...
October 2011: Singapore Medical Journal
Alessandra Ambrosini, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Giovanni Stanghellini
OBJECTIVE: In this article, we tried to provide all those involved in perinatal medicine with a concise guide to detect mothers at risk of developing post-partum depression. Motherhood is a critical situation characterized by role conflicts because conflicts among the role of mother, worker and wife are the norm in the post-partum period and may jeopardize the mother's existence. METHODS: We have described a kind of personality that is at great risk of developing post-partum depression because of the incapacity to creatively manage situations of role conflict...
July 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Fawzia Hossain, Md Nazmul Karim, Shah Md Mahfuzur Rahman, Nasreen Khan, Maruf Siddiqui, Raihan Hussain
PURPOSE: Early detection of ovarian malignancy is of great clinical importance. The high mortality rate is due to the difficulties with the early detection of ovarian cancer. Current research attempted to assess the accuracy of Color Doppler Sonography and serum CA-125 level as diagnostic tool of ovarian tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 60 consecutive patients with ovarian tumor attending the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of BSMMU were recruited...
August 2010: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
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