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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040336/characteristics-of-private-partners-in-chiranjeevi-yojana-a-public-private-partnership-to-promote-institutional-births-in-gujarat-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#1
Veena Iyer, Kristi Sidney, Rajesh Mehta, Dileep Mavalankar, Ayesha De Costa
BACKGROUND: The Chiranjeevi Yojana (CY) is a Public-Private-Partnership between the state and private obstetricians in Gujarat, India, since 2007. The state pays for institutional births of the most vulnerable households (below-poverty-line and tribal) in private hospitals. An innovative remuneration package has been designed to disincentivise unnecessary cesareans. This study examines characteristics of private facilities which participated in the program. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of all facilities which had conducted any births between June 2012 and April 2013 in three districts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040127/double-row-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-is-more-cost-effective-than-single-row-repair
#2
Adrian L Huang, Kednapa Thavorn, Sasha van Katwyk, Peter MacDonald, Peter Lapner
BACKGROUND: The optimal technique for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is controversial, and both single and double-row techniques are commonly used. In the current era of increasing costs, health-care delivery models are focusing on the value of care. In this study, we compared the cost-effectiveness of single-row and double-row reconstructions in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: A cost-utility analysis was performed from the perspective of a publicly funded health-care system...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040009/ocular-involvement-in-patients-with-fungemia-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-center
#3
Kenneth W Price, Edmund Tsui, Irene Barbazetto, Lisa Park
PURPOSE: To illustrate the rate of endogenous endophthalmitis associated with fungemia and evaluate the importance of screening in a public city hospital. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all inpatient ophthalmology consults for fungemia from 2010 to 2015. Clinical histories, ocular examinations, and microbial cultures were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 95 patients (mean age 51.6 years, 75% male) with fungemia, 9/95 (9.5%) demonstrated intraocular involvement...
October 17, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037005/stroke-epidemiology-in-south-east-and-south-east-asia-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Byung Woo Yoon, Jeyaraj Pandian, Jose C Navarro
Asia, which holds 60% of the world's population, comprises some developing countries which are in economic transition. This paper reviews the epidemiology of stroke in South, East and South-East Asia. Data on the epidemiology of stroke in South, East, and South-East Asia were derived from the Global Burden of Disease study (mortality, disability-adjusted life-years [DALYs] lost because of stroke), World Health Organization (vascular risk factors in the community), and publications in PubMed (incidence, prevalence, subtypes, vascular risk factors among hospitalized stroke patients)...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036206/risk-characterization-of-hospitalizations-for-mental-illness-and-or-behavioral-disorders-with-concurrent-heat-related-illness
#5
Michael T Schmeltz, Janet L Gamble
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found significant associations between high ambient temperatures and increases in heat-related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated that increases in heat-related hospitalizations are elevated among individuals with diagnosed mental illnesses and/or behavioral disorders (MBD). However, there are a limited number of studies regarding risk factors associated with specific mental illnesses that contribute, at least in part, to heat-related illnesses (HRI) in the United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035706/serious-suicide-attempts-in-outpatients-with-multiple-substance-use-disorders
#6
R Icick, E Karsinti, J-P Lépine, V Bloch, G Brousse, F Bellivier, F Vorspan
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health concern and suicide attempts (SA) are frequent and burdensome in people suffering from substance use disorders (SUDs). In particular, serious SAs are a preoccupying form of attempt, which remain largely overlooked in these populations, especially regarding basic risk factors such as gender, addictive comorbidity and substance use patterns. Thus, we undertook a gender-specific approach to identify the risk factors for serious SAs in outpatients with multiple SUDs...
September 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034666/-respiratory-cancers-attributable-to-occupational-exposures-what-is-the-cost-to-society-in-france
#7
Hassan Serrier, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Danièle Luce, Sophie Béjean
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the social cost of respiratory cancers attributable to occupational risk factors in France in 2010. METHODS: We estimated the number of cases of respiratory cancers attributable to each identified occupational risk factor according to the attributable fractions method. We also estimated direct (costs of hospital stays, drugs, outpatient care) and indirect costs (production losses) related to morbidity (absenteeism and presenteeism) and mortality (years of lost production)...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034485/decision-theory-for-comparing-institutions
#8
Nicholas T Longford
Various forms of performance assessment are applied to public service institutions, such as hospitals, schools, police units, and local authorities. Difficulties arise in the interpretation of the results presented in some established formats because they require a good understanding and appreciation of the uncertainties involved. Usually the results have to be adapted to the perspectives of the users-managers of the assessed units, a consumer, or a central authority (a watchdog) that dispenses awards and sanctions...
October 16, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034091/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-antibiotic-resistance-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-hospital-food
#9
Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Hasan Gandomi, Afshin Akhondzadeh Basti, Ali Misaghi, Ebrahim Rahimi
BACKGROUND: Pathogenic biotypes of the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are considered to be one of the major cause of food-borne diseases in hospitals. The present investigation was done to study the pattern of antibiotic resistance and prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes of different biotypes of the MRSA strains isolated from various types of hospital food samples. METHODS: Four-hundred and eighty-five raw and cooked hospital food samples were cultured and MRSA strains were identified using the oxacillin and cefoxitin disk diffusion tests and mecA-based PCR amplification...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033553/a-critical-analysis-of-national-policies-systems-and-structures-of-patient-empowerment-in-england-and-greece
#10
REVIEW
Markella Boudioni, Susan McLaren, Graham Lister
BACKGROUND: Comparison of patient empowerment (PE) policies in European countries can provide evidence for improvement and reform across different health systems. It may also influence patient and public involvement, patient experience, preference, and adherence. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare PE within national policies, systems, and structures in England and Greece for achieving integrated people-centered health services. METHODS: We performed a critical search and review of policy and legislation papers in English and Greek languages...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033206/pediatric-environmental-health-using-data-on-toxic-chemical-emissions-in-practice
#11
Kara Koehrn, Jocelyn Hospital, Alan Woolf, Jennifer Lowry
Children's unique behavioral and physiological characteristics can increase their exposure and susceptibility to environmental chemicals. The link between exposure to environmental chemicals and specific health outcomes, however, is often uncertain. This article introduces several resources to help health practitioners identify potential environmental exposures and risks related to toxic chemicals. It focuses on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) free and public environmental data, including the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) data that contain information about toxicants released to the environment...
October 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032488/how-do-individuals-develop-alcohol-use-disorder-after-bariatric-surgery-a-grounded-theory-exploration
#12
Ruth Yoder, Padraig MacNeela, Ronan Conway, Caroline Heary
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly understood. AIM: The aim is to construct a theory to explain the development of AUD among a sample of individuals who reported problematic drinking following RYGB. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight RYGB patients diagnosed with AUD attending a multi-disciplinary outpatient weight management service at a public hospital in the Republic of Ireland...
October 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032458/a-systematic-review-of-techniques-and-sources-of-big-data-in-the-healthcare-sector
#13
Susel Góngora Alonso, Isabel de la Torre Díez, Joel J P C Rodrigues, Sofiane Hamrioui, Miguel López-Coronado
The main objective of this paper is to present a review of existing researches in the literature, referring to Big Data sources and techniques in health sector and to identify which of these techniques are the most used in the prediction of chronic diseases. Academic databases and systems such as IEEE Xplore, Scopus, PubMed and Science Direct were searched, considering the date of publication from 2006 until the present time. Several search criteria were established as 'techniques' OR 'sources' AND 'Big Data' AND 'medicine' OR 'health', 'techniques' AND 'Big Data' AND 'chronic diseases', etc...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031963/-spirometric-and-radiographic-profile-of-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-treated-and-cured-at-the-department-of-pulmonology-of-brazzaville-university-hospital
#14
E L P Bemba, R Moyikoua, A R Ouedraogo, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a real public health problem in Congo. Pulmonary localization can lead to sequelae of respiratory functional repercussions. OBJECTIVE: Describe the spirometric and radiographic profile of patients treated with pulmonary tuberculosis treated and cured. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 150 patients with previous pulmonary tuberculosis with positive microscopy treated and cured in the Pulmonary Department of Brazzaville University Hospital...
October 11, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031647/barriers-to-antenatal-psychosocial-assessment-and-depression-screening-in-private-hospital-settings
#15
Tanya Connell, Bryanne Barnett, Donna Waters
PROBLEM: The evidence of benefit for antenatal psychosocial assessment and depression screening has been sufficient to lead the implementation of screening in public hospitals in all states of Australia. Details of the implementation of perinatal screening in private obstetric settings is less well known. AIM: As any successful implementation relies on the identification of local barriers, we aimed to determine what perceived or actual barriers may exist for the implementation of evidence-based perinatal screening interventions in private obstetric care, and specifically within small private hospitals...
October 11, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031502/low-rates-of-gastrointestinal-and-non-gastrointestinal-complications-for-screening-or-surveillance-colonoscopies-in-a-population-based-study
#16
Wang Louise, Mannalithara Ajitha, Singh Gurkirpal, Ladabaum Uri
BACKGROUND: The full spectrum of serious non-gastrointestinal (non-GI) post-colonoscopy complications has not been well characterized. We analyzed rates of and factors associated with adverse post-colonoscopy GI and non-GI events (cardiovascular, pulmonary, or infectious) attributable to screening or surveillance colonoscopy (S-colo) and non-screening or non-surveillance colonoscopy (NS-colo). METHODS: We performed a population-based study of colonoscopy complications using databases from California hospital-owned and nonhospital-owned ambulatory facilities, emergency departments, and hospitals from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2011...
October 11, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031478/patterns-of-facial-trauma-before-and-after-legalization-of-marijuana-in-denver-colorado-a-joint-study-between-two-denver-hospitals
#17
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya, Justin Eagles, Tyler Okland, Dylan Coughlin, Hannah Dauber, Christopher Greenlee, Andrew A Winkler
INTRODUCTION: The effect of marijuana on human health has been studied extensively. Marijuana intoxication has been shown to affect performance, attention span, and reaction time. The public health relationship between trauma and cannabis use has also been studied, with mixed conclusions. In this report, the effect of marijuana legalization on many aspects of facial trauma at two hospitals in Denver, Colorado is examined. METHODS: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records was undertaken...
October 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031433/risk-factors-for-health-care-associated-infection-in-hospitalized-adults-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Alba Luz Rodríguez-Acelas, Miriam de Abreu Almeida, Bruna Engelman, Wilson Cañon-Montañez
BACKGROUND: Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are a public health problem that increase health care costs. This article aimed to systematically review the literature and meta-analyze studies investigating risk factors (RFs) independently associated with HAIs in hospitalized adults. METHODS: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS) were searched to identify studies from 2009-2016. Pooled risk ratios (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs) or mean differences (MDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and compared across the groups...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031048/trends-in-perinatal-health-in-metropolitan-france-from-1995-to-2016-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#19
B Blondel, B Coulm, C Bonnet, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVE: To study trends in the main indicators of perinatal health, medical practices and risk factors in France since 1995. POPULATION AND METHOD: All live births during one week in 1995 (n=13,318), 2003 (n=14,737), 2010 (n=14,903) and 2016 (n=13,384). Data were from interviews of women in postpartum wards and from medical records and were compared between years. RESULTS: Between 1995 and 2016, maternal age and body mass index increased steadily...
October 9, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030167/turnaround-time-of-whole-genome-sequencing-for-mycobacterial-identification-and-drug-susceptibility-testing-in-routine-practice
#20
Ioana D Olaru, Hemu Patel, Katharina Kranzer, Nelun Perera
OBJECTIVES: Until recently whole genome sequencing (WGS) for mycobacteria has been restricted mostly to the research setting. However, in 2017 Public Health England has implemented WGS for routine mycobacterial identification and susceptibility testing for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of this change on the laboratory turnaround times and availability of results. METHODS: Over the years 2016 and 2017, the period January 1(st) to April 30(th) was selected to represent before and after implementation of WGS...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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