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Federally qualified health centers

Sebastian T Tong, Camille J Hochheimer, Wendy B Barr, Matteo Leveroni-Calvi, Nicholas M Lefevre, Jordyn T Wallenborn, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research found that 24% of graduating family medicine residents intend to provide obstetrical deliveries, but only 9% of family physicians 1 to 10 years into practice are doing so. Our study aims to describe the individual and residency program characteristics associated with intention to provide obstetrical deliveries and prenatal care. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 2014-2016 graduating residents were obtained from the American Board of Family Medicine certification examination demographic questionnaire that asked about intended provision of specific clinical activities...
March 8, 2018: Family Medicine
Snehal N Shah, Eleni Digenis-Bury, Elizabeth T Russo, Shannon O'Malley, Nineequa Blanding, Anne McHugh, Roy Wada
Well documented, persistent racial/ethnic health disparities in obesity and hypertension in the US demonstrate the continued need for interventions that focus on people of color who may be at higher risk. We evaluated a demonstration project funded by the CDC's Racial/Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program at four federally qualified health centers (FQHC) and YMCA fitness and wellness centers in Boston. No-cost YMCA memberships were offered from June 2014 to June 2015 to non-Latino black and Latino adults with a diagnosis of hypertension...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Kelly R Ylitalo, M Renée Umstattd Meyer, Beth A Lanning, Christina During, Ryan Laschober, Jackson O Griggs
Adults with limited health literacy have difficulty managing chronic conditions, higher hospitalization rates, and more healthcare expenditures. Simple screening tools have been developed, but limited work has evaluated instruments among low-income populations. This study assessed health literacy among primary care patients of a federally qualified health center, and compared a single screening question about perceived difficulty completing medical forms.A cross-sectional survey was administered to English-speaking patients ≥40 years...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elizabeth Fam, Jeanne M Ferrante
To help understand and mitigate health disparities, it is important to conduct research with underserved and underrepresented minority populations under real world settings. There is a gap in the literature detailing real-time research staff experience, particularly in their own words, while conducting in-person patient recruitment in urban community health centers. This paper describes challenges faced at the clinic, staff, and patient levels, our lessons learned, and strategies implemented by research staff while recruiting predominantly low-income African-American women for an interviewer-administered survey study in four urban Federally Qualified Health Centers in New Jersey...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Andrew H Rogers, Nicole A Short, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Andres Viana, Norman B Schmidt, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Daniel Bogiaizian, Angela Medvedeva, Michael J Zvolensky
Rates of suicide and major depressive disorder (MDD) are currently at the highest point in the history of the United States (US). However, these rates are not distributed evenly among the population and Latinos show disproportionately high rates of both suicide and MDD. Yet, past research has infrequently explored factors related to suicide and MDD in primary care settings that serve as the major community portal for mental health among the Latino population. Thus, the current study investigated sociodemographic variables (marital status, nativity, education, employment, primary language, age, and gender) in terms of their relations with suicidal ideation, suicide risk, MDD, and MDD symptom severity among Latino primary care patients in a Federally Qualified Health Center (N = 634, Mage  = 39...
March 6, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Marcie Fisher-Borne, Alexander J Preiss, Molly Black, Kate Roberts, Debbie Saslow
OBJECTIVE: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine coverage in the United States remains low compared with other adolescent vaccines. As the largest primary care network in the United States, safety net clinics such as federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) serve patients at a disproportionate risk of HPV-related cancers. In this pilot project, the American Cancer Society (ACS) leveraged its primary care workforce to implement quality improvement interventions in the unique context of 30 FQHC systems across the country, including 130 clinic sites reaching >20,000 adolescents in a variety of geographic settings...
March 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Virna Little, Jessica Neufeld, Andrea Renee Cole
Safety planning is an emerging evidence-based practice that is effective at decreasing suicidal behaviors. As electronic medical records and patient portals become more prevalent, patients and clinicians have recognized the value of using this technology in the safety planning process. This column describes the experience of one federally qualified health center, the Institute for Family Health, in integrating safety plans into the patient portal. The authors argue that incorporating safety plans into patient portals may unlock a new to way to expand safety planning efforts in health settings-a way that may ultimately save lives...
March 1, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri L Shtasel, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination and anal cancer screening are valuable, yet underutilized, tools in prevention of HPV-related cancers among sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations. The aim of this study was to characterize primary care providers' (PCPs) practices and perceptions pertaining to HPV vaccination and anal cancer screening. A survey assessing self-reported practice characteristics related to HPV vaccination and anal cancer screening, as well as perceived barriers to vaccination and anal cancer screening at the patient-, provider-, and system-level was distributed to PCPs at a Federally-Qualified Health Center that specializes in care for SGM populations in the greater Boston area...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Jessica M Downes, Donald G Klepser, Jennifer Foster, Maggie Nelson
PURPOSE: The implementation of a chronic pain protocol (CPP) and its effects on the management of long-term opioid therapy are described. SUMMARY: The CPP used at a federally qualified health center and primary care clinic was updated in 2015 and included a prescribing ceiling in morphine equivalent dose (MED) per day and standardized the prescribing of chronic opioids. Intermittent urine drug screening performed at least once annually was added as a requirement of the pain management contract between the provider and the patient...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Osamah M Alfayez, Sandra Leal, Terri Warholak
PURPOSE: Documentation of Stage 1 and Stage 2 Meaningful Use (MU) criteria for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus between clinical pharmacists and other healthcare providers was compared. METHODS: Patients seen at 8 clinics in a federally qualified health center who had type 2 diabetes mellitus and were seen by clinical pharmacists or other healthcare providers were randomly selected for inclusion in this retrospective study. Approximately half of the encounters were evaluated for Stage 1 MU compliance (encounters from October through December 2014), and half were evaluated for Stage 2 MU compliance (encounters from January through March 2015)...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Lisa A Mueller, Alexa Sevin Valentino, Aaron D Clark, Junan Li
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine the effect of a pharmacist-provided spirometry service within a federally qualified health center on the percentage of spirometry referrals completed with results reviewed by the ordering provider. Secondary objectives evaluated differences between internal and external referrals, medication recommendations made by the pharmacist, and revenue brought in by the service. METHODS: Chart reviews were completed to determine the referral completion rates between patients who received a spirometry referral before (December 2014-September 2015) and after (January 2016-October 2016) the implementation of the pharmacy-provided spirometry service...
January 2018: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Nadereh Pourat, Amy Gabriela Bonilla, Maria Elena Young, Michael A Rodriguez, Steven P Wallace
We examined the impact of Medicaid expansion on rates of the remaining uninsured at the federally qualified health center level by race/ethnicity, limited English proficiency, and poverty status of their patients. Results indicated a systematic disadvantage in nonexpansion states for federally qualified health centers with high concentrations of these populations and an advantage in expansion states for federally qualified health centers with fewer limited English proficiency patients. Our findings highlight the importance of maintaining the Affordable Care Act in reducing disparities in coverage and the importance of federal funding to continue services for the remaining uninsured and vulnerable populations in both expansion and nonexpansion states...
April 2018: Family & Community Health
Jafar Bakhshaie, Andrew H Rogers, Nubia A Mayorga, Joseph Ditre, Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Ana C Ruiz, Andres G Viana, Monica Garza, Chad Lemaire, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Daniel Bogiaizian, Michael J Zvolensky
The present study examined the role of anxiety sensitivity (AS; fear of the negative consequences of anxiety) in the relation between perceived racial discrimination and pain-related problems among Latinos seeking health services at a Federally Qualified Health Center. Participants included 145 adult Latinos (87.80% female, Mage = 38.07 years, SD = 11.98, and 96.2% reported Spanish as their first language). Results indicated that perceived racial discrimination was indirectly related to the pain intensity and pain disability through AS...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Saba W Masho, Susan Cha, Nicole Karjane, Elizabeth McGee, Rashel Charles, Linda Hines, Susan G Kornstein
BACKGROUND: The postpartum care visit (PPCV) plays an important role in ensuring the well-being of mother and infant. This study sought to assess correlates of PPCV attendance among women who are at high risk of nonattendance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study used deidentified medical claims data from Virginia Premier-a nonprofit Managed Care Organization that provides health insurance for Medicaid beneficiaries. The association between various correlates and PPCV attendance was examined using multiple logistic regression analyses...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
Angela L Carman, Robin C Vanderpool, Lindsay R Stradtman, Stephanie C Moore
: A multisite federally qualified health center used a Failure Modes and Effects Analysis to identify and correct potential challenges to the implementation of the proactive office encounter model. This model is designed to proactively identify and close preventive care gaps through electronic medical record use, new workflows, and staff training.
February 13, 2018: Health Care Management Review
Jason Halperin, Isolde Butler, Katherine Conner, Leann Myers, Pamela Holm, Logan Bartram, Nicholas Van Sickels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Steven B Zeliadt, Richard M Hoffman, Genevieve Birkby, Jan M Eberth, Alison T Brenner, Daniel S Reuland, Susan A Flocke
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to identify issues faced by Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in implementing lung cancer screening in low-resource settings. METHODS: Medical directors of 258 FQHCs serving communities with tobacco use prevalence above the median of all 1,202 FQHCs nationally were sampled to participate in a web-based survey. Data were collected between August and October 2016. Data analysis was completed in June 2017. RESULTS: There were 112 (43%) FQHC medical directors or surrogates who responded to the 2016 survey...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Neil S Calman, Diane Hauser, Lilli Schussler, Casey Crump
Type 2 diabetes plays a major role in racial/ethnic health disparities. We conducted the first study to examine whether multifaceted interventions targeting patients with poorly controlled diabetes (HgbA1c >9%) can reduce racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes control. Among 4595 patients with diabetes at a Federally Qualified Health Center in New York, a higher percentage of blacks (32%) and Hispanics/Latinos (32%) had poorly controlled diabetes than whites (25%) at baseline (prevalence ratio, 1.28; 95% CI, 1...
February 8, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Jan M Eberth, Annie Thibault, Renay Caldwell, Michele J Josey, Beidi Qiang, Edsel Peña, Delecia LaFrance, Franklin G Berger
BACKGROUND: Cancer screening rates are lowest in those without insurance or a regular provider. Since 2008, the Colorectal Cancer Prevention Network (CCPN) has provided open access colonoscopy to uninsured residents of South Carolina through established, statewide partnerships and patient navigation. Herein, we describe the structure, implementation, and clinical outcomes of this program. METHODS: The CCPN provides access to colonoscopy screening at no cost to uninsured, asymptomatic patients aged 50-64 years (African Americans age 45-64 years are eligible) who live at or below 150% of the poverty line and seek medical care in free medical clinics, federally qualified health centers, or hospital-based indigent practices in South Carolina...
February 7, 2018: Cancer
Jamie H Thompson, Melinda Davis, Michael C Leo, Jennifer L Schneider, David H Smith, Amanda F Petrik, Melissa Castillo, Brittany Younger, Gloria D Coronado
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The Participatory Research to Advance Colon Cancer Prevention (PROMPT) study is a collaboration between two research institutions and a federally qualified health center (FQHC). The study seeks to raise colon cancer screening rates using a direct-mail fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and reminder program in an FQHC serving a predominantly Latino population in California. METHODS: PROMPT is a pragmatic trial enrolling 16 clinics...
February 2, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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