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Colesterol treatment

Fernando Henpin Yue Cesena, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Viviane A Valente, Raquel D Conceição, Raul D Santos, Marcio S Bittencourt
Background: There is controversy whether management of blood cholesterol should be based or not on LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) target concentrations. Objectives: To compare the estimated impact of different lipid-lowering strategies, based or not on LDL-c targets, on the risk of major cardiovascular events in a population with higher cardiovascular risk. Methods: We included consecutive individuals undergoing a routine health screening in a single center who had a 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) ≥ 7...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Lilian Helena Polak Massabki, Letícia Esposito Sewaybricker, Keila Hayashi Nakamura, Roberto Teixeira Mendes, Antonio DE Azevedo Barros, Maria Ângela Reis DE Góes Monteiro Antonio, Mariana Porto Zambon
Objective: to assess the severity of obesity in children and adolescents through the presence of comorbidities and the potential indication of bariatric surgery. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study with clinical and laboratory data of the first consultation of patients at the childhood obesity clinic at a tertiary hospital from 2005 to 2013. We divided the patients into groups with or without potential indication for surgery, and recorded age, gender, birth weight, age of obesity onset, BMI Z score, presence of acanthosis nigricans, blood pressure, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, blood glucose and fasting insulin, HOMA1-IR, CRP and ESR...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
Ana Rita Francisco, Inês Gonçalves, Fátima Veiga, Mónica Mendes Pedro, Fausto J Pinto, Dulce Brito
Severe hypertriglyceridemia has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other complications, namely acute pancreatitis. We report a case of a 64 year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and metabolic syndrome with triglyceride level of 3260 mg/dL. Plasma exchange was performed with simultaneous medical treatment to achieve a rapid and effective lowering of triglycerides in order to prevent clinical complications. After three plasmapheresis sessions a marked reduction in triglyceride and total cholesterol levels was observed...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Cátia Ferreira da Silva, Larissa Cohen, Luciana d'Abreu Sarmento, Felipe Monnerat Marino Rosa, Eliane Lopes Rosado, João Régis Ivar Carneiro, Antônio Augusto Peixoto de Souza, Fernanda Cristina Carvalho Mattos Magno
Background: Due to the high failure rate observed in the clinical treatment of morbid obesity an increase in bariatric surgery indications, as an alternative for the control of obesity and comorbidities, is noticeable. Aim: To evaluate the performance of type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia in patients submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in late follow-up. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 59 patients included in the bariatric surgery program...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Alvaro Cerda, Cristina Moreno Fajardo, Rodrigo Gouveia Basso, Mario Hiroyuki Hirata, Rosario Dominguez Crespo Hirata
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) has been largely associated with cardiovascular protection through improvement of endothelial function. Recently, new evidence about modulation of NO release by microRNAs (miRs) has been reported, which could be involved with statin-dependent pleiotropic effects, including anti-inflammatory properties related to vascular endothelium function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of cholesterol-lowering drugs including the inhibitors of cholesterol synthesis, atorvastatin and simvastatin, and the inhibitor of cholesterol absorption ezetimibe on NO release, NOS3 mRNA expression and miRs potentially involved in NO bioavailability...
March 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Johanna Fernández-Carvajal, Hedy Luz-Araujo, Mery Guerra-Velázquez, Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil, Joel Santos-Bolívar, Duly Torres-Cepeda, Jorly Mejia-Montilla, Nadia Reyna-Villasmil
OBJECTIVE: To assess lipid profile changes in post-menopausal women treated with testosterone gel. METHODS: Thirty-six oophorectomized women on estradiol treatment who received transdermal testosterone gel (5mg daily) were enrolled into our study. Cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), very low density-lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C), and lipoprotein (a) were tested before and after 6 months of treatment...
January 2012: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
María B Araujo, María Sol Pacce, Mónica Bravo, Ana María Pugliese, Carmen Mazza
Familial hypercholesterolemia is one of the most common genetic disorders and it provides the best evidence on the etiologic role of LDL-colesterol for arteroesclerosis development. Two patients with severe hypercholesterolemia had been presented. Importance of early diagnosis and treatment has been stated to avoid or delay atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease.
August 2011: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Vivencio Barrios, Carlos Escobar, Alberto Calderón, José L Llisterri, Eduardo Alegría, Javier Muñiz, Arantxa Matalí
This study was designed to evaluate whether primary care physicians in Spain accurately diagnose the metabolic syndrome in hypertensive patients, to define the profile and management of these patients in clinical practice, and to ascertain the level of blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol control. Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional survey involving 12,954 patients with hypertension (Prevención Cardiovascular en España en Atención Primaria: Intervención Sobre el Colesterol en Hipertensión [PRESCOT] study), wherein 52% of the cohort fulfilled the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel criteria for the metabolic syndrome...
2007: Journal of the Cardiometabolic Syndrome
T Kitagawa, K Inoue, S Nojima
Liposomes have been prepared with lysolecithin (1-acyl-sn-3-glycerylphosphorylcholine), egg lecithin (3-sn-phosphatidylcholine), dicetyl phosphate, and cholesterol. The ability to function as a barrier to the diffusion of glucose marker and the sensitivities of the liposomes to hypotonic treatment and other reagents which modified the permeability were examined. Generally, lysolecithin incorporation decreased the effectiveness of the membranes as a barrier to glucose and made the membranes more "osmotically fragile...
June 1976: Journal of Biochemistry
A Fidanza, S Floridi, L Martinoli, P Mastroiacovo, M Servi, D Di Virgilio, F Ravallese
As a part of the research work on the role played by Vitamin C on lipidic metabolism, the effects on man were considered that result from the administration of high vitamin C doses, chiefly with reference to the serum levels of colesterol, of total lipids and of triglycerides. Our research was conducted on male subjects of 65-90 years, who were administered 3 g/day of vitamin C for three weeks. Our findings show that the administration of high vitamin C doses causes a statistically significant decrease in colesterol, in total lipids and in triglycerides, in all the subjects under consideration...
March 30, 1979: Bollettino Della Società Italiana di Biologia Sperimentale
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