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celiac disease rheumatoid arthritis

Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Ilaria Ruffilli, Giusy Elia, Marco Biricotti, Roberto Vita, Salvatore Benvenga, Alessandro Antonelli
We have evaluated prospectively the prevalence of other autoimmune disorders in outpatient clinic in 3069 consecutive patients with diagnosed chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), with respect to two age- and sex-matched control groups: a) a control group of 1023 subjects, extracted from a random sample of the general population without thyroid disorders; b) 1023 patients with non-toxic multinodular goiter extracted from the same random sample of the general population, with similar iodine intake. The results of our study demonstrate a significant increase of the prevalence of autoimmune disorders in AT patients (with respect to both controls), for the following diseases: chronic autoimmune gastritis (CAG), vitiligo (Vit), rheumatoid arthritis, polymialgia rheumatica (Polym), celiac disease, diabetes, sjogren disease, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, alopecia, psoriathic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and HCV-related cryoglobulinemia...
September 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Loredana Cavalli, Andrea Guazzini, Luisella Cianferotti, Simone Parri, Tiziana Cavalli, Alessia Metozzi, Francesca Giusti, Caterina Fossi, Dennis M Black, Maria Luisa Brandi
BACKGROUND: BoneTour is a campaign conducted throughout the Italian territory for the assessment of Italian people bone status and for the prevention of osteoporosis. METHODS: A total of 7305 sequential subjects of both sexes were screened, collecting clinical data through the FRAX™ questionnaire, and measuring heel bone stiffness by Quantitative Ultrasonography (QUS). The 10-year risk for hip and major osteoporotic fractures was calculated taking into account personal or family history of fragility fracture, smoking, alcohol abuse, rheumatoid arthritis, prolonged steroids assumption...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Sujani Yadlapati, Petros Efthimiou
Specific autoimmune and inflammatory rheumatic diseases have been associated with an increased risk of malignant lymphomas. Conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), dermatomyositis, and celiac disease have been consistently linked to malignant lymphomas. Isolated cases of lymphomas associated with spondyloarthropathies and autoinflammatory diseases have also been reported. Direct association between autoimmunity and lymphomagenesis has been reinforced by large epidemiological studies...
2016: BioMed Research International
Abdulla Watad, Shana G Neumann, Alessandra Soriano, Howard Amital, Yehuda Shoenfeld
There is growing interest in the contribution of vitamin D deficiency to autoimmunity. Several studies have shown an association between low levels of vitamin D and autoimmune disorders, including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, autoimmune thyroid diseases, celiac disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Vitamin D receptor ligands can mediate immunosuppressive effects. It has been suggested that low levels of this hormone contribute to the immune activation in lupus and other autoimmune diseases...
March 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Kathryn Peterson, Rafael Firszt, John Fang, Jathine Wong, Ken R Smith, Kristina A Brady
OBJECTIVES: Recent genome-wide association studies have suggested possible genetic associations between eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) and genes associated with autoimmunity. No studies to date have looked at potential genetic association of EoE with specific autoimmune diseases by evaluating such diagnoses within family members. Investigate the risk of specific autoimmune disease within EoE probands and their extended family members. METHODS: The Utah Population Database offers a unique opportunity to link medical records from over 85% of Utah's population to genealogy records representing Utah...
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Zahra Abbasi, Seyed Reza Kazemi Nezhad, Mahdi Pourmahdi-Broojeni, Elham Rajaei
BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2476601 within protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 gene (PTPN22) has been shown to be a risk factor for different autoimmune diseases. This study explored the association of 1858 C/T SNP with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and celiac disease (CD) in a region covering south-west of Iran. METHODS: Totally, 52 patients with CD, 120 patients with RA and 120 healthy subjects were selected. The samples were genotyped for the rs2476601 in PTPN22 gene using the tetra-amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction...
May 24, 2016: Iranian Biomedical Journal
Deepa Hammaker, John W Whitaker, Keisuke Maeshima, David L Boyle, Anna-Karin H Ekwall, Wei Wang, Gary S Firestein
Objective To identify non-obvious therapeutic targets for rheumatoid arthritis, we performed an integrative analysis incorporating multiple 'omics data and the ENCODE database for potential regulatory regions. This analysis identified the Limb Bud and Heart development (LBH) gene, which has risk alleles associated with RA/celiac disease and lupus, and can regulate cell proliferation in RA. We identified a novel LBH transcriptional enhancer with an RA-risk allele (rs906868 G (risk, Ref)/T) 6kb upstream of the LBH gene with a differentially methylated locus...
May 9, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Jennifer S Yokoyama, Yunpeng Wang, Andrew J Schork, Wesley K Thompson, Celeste M Karch, Carlos Cruchaga, Linda K McEvoy, Aree Witoelar, Chi-Hua Chen, Dominic Holland, James B Brewer, Andre Franke, William P Dillon, David M Wilson, Pratik Mukherjee, Christopher P Hess, Zachary Miller, Luke W Bonham, Jeffrey Shen, Gil D Rabinovici, Howard J Rosen, Bruce L Miller, Bradley T Hyman, Gerard D Schellenberg, Tom H Karlsen, Ole A Andreassen, Anders M Dale, Rahul S Desikan
IMPORTANCE: Late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD), the most common form of dementia, places a large burden on families and society. Although epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests a relationship between inflammation and AD, their relationship is not well understood and could have implications for treatment and prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a subset of genes involved with increased risk of inflammation are also associated with increased risk for AD...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Neurology
Alexander Egeberg, Peter Riis Hansen, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Jacob Pontoppidan Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common inflammatory skin condition that shares genetic risk loci with autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease. A recent genomewide association study identified 90 genetic regions associated with T1DM, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis, and/or rheumatoid arthritis, respectively. However, a possible association with rosacea was not investigated. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association between rosacea and T1DM, celiac disease, multiple sclerosis, and rheumatoid arthritis, respectively...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Aaron Lerner, Patricia Jeremias, Sandra Neidhöfer, Torsten Matthias
The neo-epitope tTg (tTg-neo) autoantibody, never challenged the anti-tissue transglutaminase (tTg) premiership, recommended by ESPGHAN, for celiac disease (CD) diagnosis. Pediatric CD (PCD), abdominal pains and normal children, normal adults, and rheumatoid arthritis patients, were tested using the following ELISAs detecting IgA, IgG or both IgA and IgG (check): AESKULISA® tTg (tTg; RUO) and AESKULISA® tTg-neo. Higher OD activity was detected for tTg-neo IgA, IgG and IgA+IgG than for tTg. tTg-neo IgA, IgG correlated better with intestinal damage than tTg...
February 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
John W McGinty, Meghan L Marré, Veronique Bajzik, Jon D Piganelli, Eddie A James
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease in which progressive loss of self-tolerance, evidenced by accumulation of auto-antibodies and auto-reactive T cells that recognize diverse self-proteins, leads to immune-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells and loss of insulin secretion. In this review, we discuss antigens and epitopes in T1D and the role that post-translational modifications play in circumventing tolerance mechanisms and increasing antigenic diversity. Emerging data suggest that, analogous to other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and celiac disease, enzymatically modified epitopes are preferentially recognized in T1D...
November 2015: Current Diabetes Reports
Tobias L Lenz, Aaron J Deutsch, Buhm Han, Xinli Hu, Yukinori Okada, Stephen Eyre, Michael Knapp, Alexandra Zhernakova, Tom W J Huizinga, Gonçalo Abecasis, Jessica Becker, Guy E Boeckxstaens, Wei-Min Chen, Andre Franke, Dafna D Gladman, Ines Gockel, Javier Gutierrez-Achury, Javier Martin, Rajan P Nair, Markus M Nöthen, Suna Onengut-Gumuscu, Proton Rahman, Solbritt Rantapää-Dahlqvist, Philip E Stuart, Lam C Tsoi, David A van Heel, Jane Worthington, Mira M Wouters, Lars Klareskog, James T Elder, Peter K Gregersen, Johannes Schumacher, Stephen S Rich, Cisca Wijmenga, Shamil R Sunyaev, Paul I W de Bakker, Soumya Raychaudhuri
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes confer substantial risk for autoimmune diseases on a log-additive scale. Here we speculated that differences in autoantigen-binding repertoires between a heterozygote's two expressed HLA variants might result in additional non-additive risk effects. We tested the non-additive disease contributions of classical HLA alleles in patients and matched controls for five common autoimmune diseases: rheumatoid arthritis (ncases = 5,337), type 1 diabetes (T1D; ncases = 5,567), psoriasis vulgaris (ncases = 3,089), idiopathic achalasia (ncases = 727) and celiac disease (ncases = 11,115)...
September 2015: Nature Genetics
Aaron Lerner, Torsten Matthias
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and celiac disease (CD) belong to the autoimmune disease family. Despite being separate entities they share multiple aspects. Epidemiologically they share comparable incidence environmental influences, associated antibodies and a recent incidental surge. They differ in their HLA pre-dispositions and specific predictive and diagnostic biomarkers. At the clinical level, celiac disease exhibits extra-intestinal rheumatic manifestations and RA gastrointestinal ones. Small bowel pathology exists in rheumatic patients...
November 2015: Autoimmunity Reviews
Mary D Fortune, Hui Guo, Oliver Burren, Ellen Schofield, Neil M Walker, Maria Ban, Stephen J Sawcer, John Bowes, Jane Worthington, Anne Barton, Steve Eyre, John A Todd, Chris Wallace
Determining whether potential causal variants for related diseases are shared can identify overlapping etiologies of multifactorial disorders. Colocalization methods disentangle shared and distinct causal variants. However, existing approaches require independent data sets. Here we extend two colocalization methods to allow for the shared-control design commonly used in comparison of genome-wide association study results across diseases. Our analysis of four autoimmune diseases--type 1 diabetes (T1D), rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease and multiple sclerosis--identified 90 regions that were associated with at least one disease, 33 (37%) of which were associated with 2 or more disorders...
July 2015: Nature Genetics
Lisbet Grønbæk, Hendrik Vilstrup, Bent Deleuran, Reiner Wiest, Aleksander Krag, Peter Jepsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Alcoholic cirrhosis is associated with hyperactivation and dysregulation of the immune system. In addition to its ability to increase risk for infections, it also may increase the risk for autoimmune diseases. We studied the incidence of autoimmune diseases among patients with alcoholic cirrhosis vs controls in Denmark. METHODS: We collected data from nationwide health care registries to identify and follow up all citizens of Denmark diagnosed with alcoholic cirrhosis from 1977 through 2010...
November 2015: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Cornelia Schuster, Kay D Gerold, Kilian Schober, Lilli Probst, Kevin Boerner, Mi-Jeong Kim, Anna Ruckdeschel, Thomas Serwold, Stephan Kissler
CLEC16A variation has been associated with multiple immune-mediated diseases, including type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, Addison's disease, primary biliary cirrhosis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and alopecia areata. Despite strong genetic evidence implicating CLEC16A in autoimmunity, this gene's broad association with disease remains unexplained. We generated Clec16a knock-down (KD) mice in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) model for type 1 diabetes and found that Clec16a silencing protected against autoimmunity...
May 19, 2015: Immunity
S C Nalle, J R Turner
Compromised intestinal barrier function is a prominent feature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, links between intestinal barrier loss and disease extend much further, including documented associations with celiac disease, type I diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis. Intestinal barrier loss has also been proposed to have a critical role in the pathogenesis of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a serious, potentially fatal consequence of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Experimental evidence has begun to support this view, as barrier loss and its role in initiating and establishing a pathogenic inflammatory cycle in GVHD is emerging...
July 2015: Mucosal Immunology
Ole A Andreassen, Rahul S Desikan, Yunpeng Wang, Wesley K Thompson, Andrew J Schork, Verena Zuber, Nadezhda T Doncheva, Eva Ellinghaus, Mario Albrecht, Morten Mattingsdal, Andre Franke, Benedicte A Lie, Ian G Mills, Ian Mills, Pål Aukrust, Linda K McEvoy, Srdjan Djurovic, Tom H Karlsen, Anders M Dale
Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between blood lipids and immune-mediated diseases, but the nature of these associations is not well understood. We used genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to investigate shared single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) between blood lipids and immune-mediated diseases. We analyzed data from GWAS (n~200,000 individuals), applying new False Discovery Rate (FDR) methods, to investigate genetic overlap between blood lipid levels [triglycerides (TG), low density lipoproteins (LDL), high density lipoproteins (HDL)] and a selection of archetypal immune-mediated diseases (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, psoriasis and sarcoidosis)...
2015: PloS One
Pål Stenberg, Bodil Roth
UNLABELLED: Post-translational modifications of proteins can generate antigenic conformations that may cause autoimmune diseases in persons with specific HLA-haplotypes. Monocytes and macrophages, attracted to an inflamed site, can release post-translationally acting enzymes, such as transglutaminases and peptidylarginine deiminases. In vivo, the activation of these enzymes is crucial for the further course of event. Our hypothesis is that zinc modulates the activation of these calcium-dependent thiol-enzymes...
April 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Louise Emilsson, Cisca Wijmenga, Joseph A Murray, Jonas F Ludvigsson
BACKGROUND & AIMS: First-degree relatives of individuals with celiac disease are at increased risk for this disorder, but little is known about their risk for other autoimmune diseases. We assessed the risk of nonceliac autoimmune disease in first-degree relatives and spouses of people with celiac disease. METHODS: We identified individuals with celiac disease by searching computerized duodenal and jejunal biopsies, collected from 1969 through 2008, at 28 pathology departments in Sweden...
July 2015: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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