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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630761/partial-proximal-tibia-fractures
#1
Michael J Raschke, Christoph Kittl, Christoph Domnick
Partial tibial plateau fractures may occur as a consequence of either valgus or varus trauma combined with a rotational and axial compression component.High-energy trauma may result in a more complex and multi-fragmented fracture pattern, which occurs predominantly in young people. Conversely, a low-energy mechanism may lead to a pure depression fracture in the older population with weaker bone density.Pre-operative classification of these fractures, by Müller AO, Schatzker or novel CT-based methods, helps to understand the fracture pattern and choose the surgical approach and treatment strategy in accordance with estimated bone mineral density and the individual history of each patient...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627142/-theatre-in-jail-a-starting-point-for-a-social-epidemiology-project
#2
Maria Angela Vigotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616540/the-fate-of-small-side-branches-following-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#3
Demet Ozkaramanli Gur, Deniz Kumbasar, Refika Hüral, Derviş Oral, Çetin Erol
OBJECTIVES: Although drug eluting stents (DES) have documented convenience in bifurcation lesions, possible unfavorable effects on small side branch ostium (SBO) remain a question. We aimed to explore the effects of DES on small jailed SBs (1.5-2.25 mm) which originated from the lesion on the main vessel and were not treated with either stenting or balloon dilatation. METHODS: Angiographic data of 107 consecutive patients (129 SB) with Medina 1,1,1 or 1,1,0 lesions were evaluated at the time of procedure and at the follow-up...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#4
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606906/a-randomised-comparison-of-conventional-versus-intentional-strategy-in-patients-with-high-risk-prediction-of-side-branch-occlusion-in-coronary-bifurcation-intervention-rationale-and-design-of-the-cit-resolve-trial
#5
Dong Zhang, Dong Yin, Chenxi Song, Chengang Zhu, Ajay J Kirtane, Bo Xu, Kefei Dou
INTRODUCTION: The intentional strategy (aggressive side branch (SB) protection strategy: elective two-stent strategy or jailed balloon technique) is thought to be associated with lower SB occlusion rate than conventional strategy (provisional two-stent strategy or jailed wire technique). However, most previous studies showed comparable outcomes between the two strategies, probably due to no risk classification of SB occlusion when enrolling patients. There is still no randomised trial compared the intentional and conventional strategy when treating bifurcation lesions with high risk of SB occlusion...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603592/jailing-polymer-jacketed-guide-wires-during-bifurcation-coronary-interventions-is-associated-with-procedural-myocardial-infarction
#6
Arka Chatterjee, Jeremy S White, Taimoor Hashim, Massoud A Leesar
AIM: To study the relationship of jailed polymer jacketed guide wires (PGW) with procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) after bifurcation coronary interventions. METHODS: Consecutive bifurcation interventions performed from January 2010 to October 2014 were included in the study. Chart review was performed to obtain demographic, clinical and procedural data. PMI was defined as Creatine Kinase MB > 3 × upper reference limit of normal. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ascertain relationship of PGW use with PMI...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594212/diagnostic-field-reliability-in-forensic-mental-health-evaluations
#7
W Neil Gowensmith, Stephanie N Sessarego, Meghan K McKee, Samantha Horkott, Nina MacLean, Katherine E McCallum
How likely are multiple forensic evaluators to agree on defendants' diagnoses in routine forensic mental health evaluations? A total of 720 evaluation reports were examined from 240 cases in which 3 evaluators, working independently, provided diagnoses for the same defendant. Results revealed perfect agreement across 6 independent diagnostic categories in 18.3% of cases. Agreement for individual diagnostic categories was higher, with all 3 evaluators agreeing on the separate presence of psychotic, mood, or substance disorders in more than 64...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590205/psychodynamic-treatment-of-the-criminal-offender-making-the-case-for-longer-term-treatment-in-a-longer-term-setting
#8
Abby L Mulay, Elspeth Kelly, Nicole M Cain
In recent years, prisons and jails have become de facto psychiatric hospitals, responsible for the care and treatment of individuals with serious mental illness. Historically, cognitive-behaviorally informed therapeutic approaches have been the treatment of choice among mental health practitioners in correctional settings. However, inmate-clients often present with complex diagnostic issues that are arguably better served by long-term treatment options, such as psychodynamic psychotherapy. We first review the nature of psychotherapy in the correctional setting, as well as treatment barriers and challenges faced by both mental health providers and inmate-clients...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566028/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-rochester-forensic-assertive-community-treatment-model
#9
J Steven Lamberti, Robert L Weisman, Catherine Cerulli, Geoffrey C Williams, David B Jacobowitz, Kim T Mueser, Patricia D Marks, Robert L Strawderman, Donald Harrington, Tara A Lamberti, Eric D Caine
OBJECTIVE: Forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) is an adaptation of the assertive community treatment model and is designed to serve justice-involved adults with serious mental illness. This study compared the effectiveness of a standardized FACT model and enhanced treatment as usual in reducing jail and hospital use and in promoting engagement in outpatient mental health services. METHODS: Seventy adults with psychotic disorders who were arrested for misdemeanor crimes and who were eligible for conditional discharge were recruited from the Monroe County, New York, court system...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558808/gender-differences-in-discharge-dispositions-of-emergency-department-visits-involving-drug-misuse-and-abuse-2004-2011
#10
Jennifer I Manuel, Jane Lee
BACKGROUND: Drug use-related visits to the emergency department (ED) can undermine discharge planning and lead to recurrent use of acute services. Yet, little is known about where patients go post discharge. We explored trends in discharge dispositions of drug-involved ED visits, with a focus on gender differences. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2004-2011 Drug Abuse Warning Network, a national probability sample of drug-related visits to hospital EDs in the U...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552737/the-association-of-different-stenting-procedures-with-symptomatic-thromboembolic-complications-in-stent-assisted-coiling-of-ruptured-wide-necked-intracranial-aneurysms
#11
Kefu Cai, Qiuhong Ji, Maohong Cao, Lihua Shen, Tian Xu, Yunfeng Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association of different stenting procedures with the procedure-related complications in stent-assisted coiling (SAC) of ruptured wide-necked aneurysms. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing SAC of ruptured wide-necked aneurysms were retrospectively reviewed between December 2011 and June 2016. They received one of the three stenting procedures during SAC: 1) the coiling microcatheter was "jailed" outside of the stent and the coil embolization proceeded above the stent; 2) initial stent deployment followed by the coils through the stent's strut technique; or 3) the coil then stent technique...
May 25, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537000/advances-in-clinical-cardiology-2016-a-summary-of-the-key-clinical-trials
#12
REVIEW
Alastair Gray, Conor McQuillan, Ian B A Menown
INTRODUCTION: The findings of many new cardiology clinical trials over the last year have been published or presented at major international meetings. This paper aims to describe and place in context a summary of the key clinical trials in cardiology presented between January and December 2016. METHODS: The authors reviewed clinical trials presented at major cardiology conferences during 2016 including the American College of Cardiology (ACC), European Association for Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EuroPCR), European Society of Cardiology (ESC), European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and the American Heart Association (AHA)...
May 23, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531654/seattle-s-law-enforcement-assisted-diversion-lead-program-effects-on-recidivism-outcomes
#13
Susan E Collins, Heather S Lonczak, Seema L Clifasefi
Drug users and dealers frequently cycle through the criminal justice system in what is sometimes referred to as a "revolving door." Arrest, incarceration and prosecution have not deterred this recidivism. Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program was established to divert these individuals to case management and supportive services instead of jail and prosecution. A nonrandomized controlled evaluation was conducted to examine LEAD effects on criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests, criminal charges)...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521672/revision-and-implementation-of-clinical-guideline-for-tuberculosis-and-hiv-in-prisons-great-tehran-prison-iran
#14
Behnam Farhoudi, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Minoo Mohraz, Raheleh Golrokhy, Marzieh Farnia, Mohammad Shahbazi, Ramin Alasvand, Bahman Ebrahimi, Jafar Esfehani, Mehrzad Tashakoriyan
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility of the revised "Clinical Guideline for HIV and TB" in the Great Tehran Prison during October 2013 to June 2014. METHODS: The guideline includes all aspects of HIV/TB diagnosis based on active case finding (ACF), treatment and care services. Before the implementation, a focus group discussion was conducted, and attended by experts on jail diseases. The objective was to identify defects and limitations of the guideline. After the discussion, the guideline was revised...
May 17, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511680/cohort-profile-seek-test-treat-and-retain-united-states-criminal-justice-cohort
#15
Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Curt G Beckwith, Mary L Biggs, William Cunningham, J A Chris Delaney, Patrick M Flynn, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Alex H Kral, Irene Kuo, Jennifer Lorvick, Robin M Nance, Lawrence J Ouellet, Josiah D Rich, Stanley Sacks, David Seal, Anne Spaulding, Sandra A Springer, Faye Taxman, David Wohl, Jeremy D Young, Rebekah Young, Heidi M Crane
BACKGROUND: The STTR treatment cascade provides a framework for research aimed at improving the delivery of services, care and outcomes of PLWH. The development of effective approaches to increase HIV diagnoses and engage PLWH in subsequent steps of the treatment cascade could lead to earlier and sustained ART treatment resulting in viral suppression. There is an unmet need for research applying the treatment cascade to improve outcomes for those with criminal justice involvement. METHODS: The Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain (STTR) criminal justice (CJ) cohort combines data from 11 studies across the HIV treatment cascade that focused on persons involved in the criminal justice system, often but not exclusively for reasons related to substance use...
May 16, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506332/correspondence-analysis-to-evaluate-the-transmission-of-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-in-two-new-york-state-maximum-security-prisons
#16
M Befus, D V Mukherjee, C T A Herzig, F D Lowy, E Larson
Prisons/jails are thought to amplify the transmission of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) particularly methicillin-resistant SA infection and colonisation. Two independently pooled cross-sectional samples of detainees being admitted or discharged from two New York State maximum-security prisons were used to explore this concept. Private interviews of participants were conducted, during which the anterior nares and oropharynx were sampled and assessed for SA colonisation. Log-binomial regression and correspondence analysis (CA) were used to evaluate the prevalence of colonisation at entry as compared with discharge...
May 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481612/examining-the-bidirectional-association-between-veteran-homelessness-and-incarceration-within-the-context-of-permanent-supportive-housing
#17
Meagan Cusack, Ann Elizabeth Montgomery
Homelessness and incarceration share a bidirectional association: individuals experiencing homelessness are more likely to be incarcerated and former inmates are more likely to become homeless. Permanent supportive housing (PSH) programs have demonstrated positive outcomes for participants with criminal histories, yet participants continue to exit to jail or prison and experience subsequent homelessness. Using data on Veterans participating in a PSH program at 4 locations between 2011 and 2014 (N = 1,060), logistic regression was used to examine the risk factors for exiting PSH because of incarceration and returning to homelessness...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479011/extended-release-naltrexone-for-opioid-use-disorder-started-during-or-following-incarceration
#18
Thomas Lincoln, Benjamin D Johnson, Patrick McCarthy, Ellen Alexander
A western Massachusetts county jail began initiating extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) prior to release from incarceration and linking participants to community treatment providers upon release. Program barriers prevented the start of XR-NTX prior to release for a subset. METHODS: This report consists of the initial 67 jail releasees with opioid dependence, 47 who received XR-NTX before release, and 20 after release. Utility of the program was assessed by determining medication addiction treatment (MAT) retention rates at 4, 8, and 24 weeks...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475943/psychometric-properties-of-the-motivational-interviewing-treatment-integrity-coding-system-4-2-with-jail-inmates
#19
Mandy D Owens, Lauren N Rowell, Theresa Moyers
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based approach shown to be helpful for a variety of behaviors across many populations. Treatment fidelity is an important tool for understanding how and with whom MI may be most helpful. The Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity coding system was recently updated to incorporate new developments in the research and theory of MI, including the relational and technical hypotheses of MI (MITI 4.2). To date, no studies have examined the MITI 4.2 with forensic populations...
April 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470460/navigating-the-disability-determination-process-from-the-perspective-of-incarcerated-adults-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#20
Erin McCauley, Leah Samples
In the U.S. serious mental illness (SMI) is common in jails, which are often primary healthcare providers. Incarceration and healthcare are intertwined-lack of care access increases the risk of imprisonment which decreases care access. This case study explores a jail program which assists people with SMI with the disability determination process. Interviews with employees (n = 4) and clients (n = 25), and administrative data from jail databases on recidivism, benefit receipt, and demographics highlight the importance of reentry planning and access to resources in crime desistance, as well as how the program increased resource access, and provided feelings of hope and safety...
May 3, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
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