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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332558/situational-variations-in-and-women-s-accounts-of-avoided-acts-of-serious-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Candace Kruttschnitt, Carolyn Yule, Mariel Alper, Amy Klassen
This study explores how both situations and persons contribute to the probability that a serious incident of intimate partner violence (IPV) can be avoided. Data, on both completed and avoided acts of serious partner violence, were collected from jailed women in Baltimore. Factors that increase the odds of avoiding a serious incident of IPV are a woman's age, her partner's initiation of a threat/attack, and being accompanied by a family member. Factors that decrease the odds of avoided serious violence include an indicator of what the dispute was about, her partner's substance abuse, prior experiences with avoided acts of violence, and lifetime arrests...
May 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#2
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281858/phosphatidylethanol-peth-levels-among-incarcerated-women-the-influence-of-pre-incarceration-alcohol-consumption-and-length-of-abstinence
#3
Kelly E Moore, Olga J Santiago Rivera, Bradley Anderson, Jennifer E Johnson, Judith A Hahn, Megan E Kurth, Madhavi K Reddy, Yael C Schonbrun, Michael D Stein
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a direct biomarker for alcohol that is formed shortly after alcohol use and may remain detectable in blood for weeks after alcohol consumption. There is little research on alcohol use factors that influence PEth elimination, especially among women. METHODS: Data were collected from 116 alcohol use-disordered women who were recently incarcerated. We used a two-part model with logistic and linear components to examine whether alcohol consumption in the two weeks prior to incarceration and days since last alcoholic drink (operationalized as abstinence days prior to incarceration + days incarcerated) were associated with PEth detectability (>8ng/mL) and level (ng/mL) in blood...
December 27, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278349/characteristics-of-stent-thrombosis-in-bifurcation-lesions-analyzed-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#4
Mohamed Y Bechiri, Geraud Souteyrand, Thierry Lefèvre, Charlotte Trouillet, Gregoire Rangé, Guillaume Cayla, François Derimay, Lionel Mangin, Nicolas Meneveau, Christophe Caussin, Pascal Motreff, Nicolas Amabile
AIMS: This work aimed to investigate a cohort of patients presenting with stent thrombosis (ST) explored by optical coherence tomography (OCT) to identify the underlying mechanical abnormalities in case of bifurcation lesions. Methids and results: The PESTO study was a prospective national registry involving 29 French catheterization facilities. Patients with acute coronary syndromes were prospectively screened for presence of definite ST and analyzed by OCT after culprit lesion reopening...
December 26, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251281/-cobatest-network-users-characteristics-of-community-based-voluntary-counselling-and-testing-centres-in-spain
#5
Josep Ribas Baltrons, Laura Fernàndez-López, Jordi Casabona I Barbarà
OBJECTIVE: The COBATEST network (European network of community-based voluntary, counselling and testing centers) allows standardized collection of information to monitor HIV testing at these centers. The objective was to describe the performance of the Spanish centers of the COBATEST network and the epidemiological profile of its users, and to analyze the factors associated with having an earlier HIV test. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the data collected in the 19 Spanish centers that used the common information collection tools during the year 2015...
December 18, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242811/patients-with-dementia-are-easily-distracted
#6
R C Hamdy, A Kinser, A Depelteau, T Kendall-Wilson, J V Lewis, K Whalen
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is the middle ground between normal, age-appropriate memory impairment, and dementia. Whereas patients with MCI are able to cope with the memory deficit, those with dementia are not: Their memory impairment and other cognitive deficits are of sufficient magnitude to interfere with the patients' ability to cope independently with daily activities. In both MCI and dementia, there is evidence of declining cognitive functions from a previously higher level of functioning. In both the conditions, there is also an evidence of dysfunction in one or more cognitive domains...
January 2017: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242720/a-pilot-rct-of-a-values-based-mindfulness-group-intervention-with-jail-inmates-evidence-for-reduction-in-post-release-risk-behavior
#7
Elizabeth T Malouf, Kerstin Youman, Jeffrey Stuewig, Edward A Witt, June P Tangney
This study pilot-tested a values and mindfulness-based intervention (Re-Entry Values and Mindfulness Program: REVAMP) in a sample of male jail inmates. REVAMP aimed to reduce post-release risky behavior by targeting dimensions of mindfulness (e.g., willingness/acceptance) and associated proximal outcomes/mechanisms of action (emotion regulation, self-control, shame/guilt). Inmates were randomly assigned to REVAMP (n=21) or treatment as usual (TAU, n=19). Attendance and feedback supported REVAMP's feasibility and acceptability...
June 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240963/proximal-buddy-in-jail-technique-a-bail-out-technique-to-increase-guide-support
#8
Tao Tu, Jianjun Tang, Zhenfei Fang, Xinqun Hu, Liang Tang, Yanshu Zhao, Qiming Liu, Shenghua Zhou
BACKGROUND: During percutaneous coronary intervention, "buddy-in-jail" technique is often used to facilitate stent delivery in complex coronary artery lesions. However, the safety and efficacy of this technique when used with different jailed wire and applied in different target vessel lesions remain elusive. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the effectiveness of "buddy-in-jail" technique in the tortuous and rigid lesions of both the common and neighboring coronary arteries...
December 14, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239621/a-qualitative-analysis-of-gabapentin-misuse-and-diversion-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-appalachian-kentucky
#9
Rachel Vickers Smith, Elaine M Boland, April M Young, Michelle R Lofwall, Alexa Quiroz, Michele Staton, Jennifer R Havens
Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant and analgesic for postherpetic neuralgia, has been thought to have no abuse potential despite numerous published reports to the contrary. Gabapentin has been linked with impaired driving and opioid use, highlighting the need to more fully understand its risk profile. Thirty-three individuals reporting recent nonmedical use of gabapentin were recruited from two ongoing longitudinal studies of drug users in Appalachian Kentucky to participate in focus groups. Four sessions were held (two in the community and two in jail settings), during which participants responded to questions regarding their personal experiences with gabapentin misuse...
December 14, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237316/do-demographic-factors-moderate-how-well-criminal-thinking-predicts-recidivism
#10
Johanna B Folk, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Brandy L Blasko, Michael Caudy, Andres G Martinez, Stephanie Maass, Faye S Taxman, June P Tangney
Is the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism the same for criminal justice-involved individuals from varying demographic backgrounds? Relying on two independent samples of offenders and two measures of criminal thinking, the current studies examined whether four demographic factors-gender, race, age, and education-moderated the relationship between criminal thinking and recidivism. Study 1 consisted of 226 drug-involved probationers enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Study 2 consisted of 346 jail inmates from a longitudinal study...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217313/characteristics-and-health-needs-of-veterans-in-jails-and-prisons-what-we-know-and-do-not-know-about-incarcerated-women-veterans
#11
Janice D McCall, Jack Tsai
PURPOSE: The majority of U.S. veterans in prisons and local jails are men, but incarcerated women veterans remain an important and understudied group. METHODS: This study reported differences in sociodemographic, health, and criminal justice characteristics using Veterans Affairs (VA) administrative data on a national sample of 30,964 incarcerated veterans (30,440 men and 524 women) who received outreach from the VA Health Care for Reentry Veterans program between 2007 and 2011...
December 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205789/modified-jailed-balloon-technique-for-bifurcation-lesions
#12
Shigeru Saito, Koki Shishido, Noriaki Moriyama, Tomoki Ochiai, Shingo Mizuno, Futoshi Yamanaka, Kazuya Sugitatsu, Kazuki Tobita, Junya Matsumi, Yutaka Tanaka, Masato Murakami
OBJECTIVES: We propose a new systematic approach in bifurcation lesions, modified jailed balloon technique (M-JBT), and report the first clinical experience. BACKGROUND: Side branch occlusion brings with a serious complication and occurs in more than 7.0% of cases during bifurcation stenting. METHODS: A jailed balloon (JB) is introduced into the side branch (SB), while a stent is placed in the main branch (MB) as crossing SB. The size of the JB is half of the MB stent size...
December 4, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204845/six-month-emergency-department-use-among-older-adults-following-jail-incarceration
#13
Jessi Humphreys, Cyrus Ahalt, Irena Stijacic-Cenzer, Eric Widera, Brie Williams
Although the number of older adults who are arrested and subject to incarceration in jail is rising dramatically, little is known about their emergency department (ED) use or the factors associated with that use. This lack of knowledge impairs the ability to design evidence-based approaches to care that would meet the needs of this population. This 6-month longitudinal study aimed to determine the frequency of 6-month ED use among 101 adults aged 55 or older enrolled while in jail and to identify factors associated with that use...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204036/flow-diverting-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-of-a-ruptured-internal-carotid-artery-blister-aneurysm-with-the-pipeline-flex-embolization-device
#14
Dale Ding, Robert M Starke, Ayton Hope, Stefan Brew
Internal carotid artery (ICA) blister aneurysms are rare and challenging to successfully treat, using contemporary surgical or endovascular approaches, without partial or complete compromise of the parent vessel. We describe the use of a resheathable flow diverter, the Pipeline Flex Embolization Device (PFED) to perform stent-assisted coiling of a ruptured supraclinoid ICA blister aneurysm in a 56-year-old female who presented with a high-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The first PFED was deployed across the aneurysm neck to jail a microcatheter within the aneurysm dome, and then, two small coils were delivered into the aneurysm...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200972/problems-and-service-needs-among-ex-offenders-with-hiv-risk-behaviors-entering-sober-living-recovery-homes
#15
Douglas L Polcin, Rachael Korcha, Amy A Mericle, Elizabeth Mahoney, Jordana Hemberg
There is currently a nationwide effort to decrease the number of persons who are incarcerated in jails and prisons. However, many ex-offenders on probation or parole do not have access to affordable housing and larger proportions have histories of HIV risk as well as substance abuse problems. In California, sober living houses (SLHs) are becoming an increasingly popular housing option for these individuals. Based largely on the principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), SLHs require abstinence from alcohol and drugs and provide peer support for recovery...
2017: Criminal Justice Studies (Abingdon, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199494/putting-out-fires-understanding-the-developmental-nature-and-roles-of-inmate-gangs-in-the-philippine-overcrowded-jails
#16
Raymund E Narag, Sou Lee
Utilizing intensive interview data from inmates in one of the most overcrowded and underresourced jails in Metro Manila, Philippines, this article explores the origins and roles of inmate pangkats (a derivative of gangs) in jail management. Responding to institutional deficiencies, such as police misconduct and court case delays, and structural shortages, such as lack of space, operational resources, and personnel, this article investigates how the pangkats supplement jail management and help keep the jail operations afloat...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195519/reducing-violence-in-correctional-institutions-revalidation-of-the-inmate-risk-assessment-for-violent-nonsexual-victimization
#17
Ryan M Labrecque, Heidi Scherer, James T McCafferty
Jail and prison administrators are responsible for ensuring institutional safety and order. Recent estimates indicate violence in correctional institutions is pervasive. One promising approach to reduce institutional violence is using a risk assessment to predict the likelihood of victimization. Once corrections officials identify high victimization risk offenders, these authorities can take steps to triage interventions to mitigate such risks. This strategy, however, requires a classification instrument that is available and predictively valid...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191440/predictors-of-linkage-to-hiv-care-and-viral-suppression-after-release-from-jails-and-prisons-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Kelsey B Loeliger, Frederick L Altice, Mayur M Desai, Maria M Ciarleglio, Colleen Gallagher, Jaimie P Meyer
BACKGROUND: Incarceration provides an opportunity for engagement in HIV care but is associated with poor HIV treatment outcomes after release. We aimed to assess post-release linkage to HIV care (LTC) and the effect of transitional case management services. METHODS: To create a retrospective cohort of all adults with HIV released from jails and prisons in Connecticut, USA (2007-14), we linked administrative custody and pharmacy databases with mandatory HIV/AIDS surveillance monitoring and case management data...
November 27, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176915/the-association-of-ethnic-pride-with-health-and-social-outcomes-among-young-black-and-latino-men-after-release-from-jail
#19
Satyasree Upadhyayula, Megha Ramaswamy, Prabhakar Chalise, Jessie Daniels, Nicholas Freudenberg
The goal of this study was to understand whether ethnic pride among young, incarcerated Black and Latino men was associated with successful community reentry. We interviewed 397 Black and Latino men 16 to 18 years old in a New York City jail and then again 1 year after their release to determine the relationship between participants' sense of ethnic pride during incarceration, and substance use, violence, recidivism, and education/ employment after release from jail. Participants with higher ethnic pride scores were less likely to engage in illegal activities and be reincarcerated...
November 2017: Youth & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176106/the-rikers-island-hot-spotters-exploring-the-needs-of-the-most-frequently-incarcerated
#20
Alex Harocopos, Bennett Allen, Sarah Glowa-Kollisch, Homer Venters, Denise Paone, Ross Macdonald
A cohort of frequently incarcerated individuals in the New York City jail system was identified through "hot spotting" analysis. This group demonstrated higher levels of substance use, mental illness, and homelessness than the general jail population, and was typically incarcerated on minor criminal charges. To understand this population better, in-depth interviews (n = 20) were conducted at three Rikers Island correctional facilities with people who had entered the jail system at least 18 times in a six-year period...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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