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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100142/reduction-in-jail-emergency-department-visits-and-closure-after-implementation-of-on-site-urgent-care
#1
Erick Eiting, Carrie S Korn, Erin Wilkes, Glenn Ault, Sean O Henderson
This descriptive study evaluates the impact of implementation of full service on-site urgent care services at the Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) by examining the number of patients seen at the referral hospital, Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center (LAC+USC), and the number of hours that the referral hospital was closed to transfers in the periods before and after the development of the LACJ Urgent Care. The appropriate utilization of public resources is a critical priority for an overburdened county medical health care system...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093396/bogus-doctor-jailed-a-second-time-for-using-fake-credentials
#2
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088674/people-s-reasons-for-wanting-to-complete-probation-use-and-predictive-validity-in-an-e-health-intervention
#3
Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
The criminal justice system tends to emphasize external contingencies (e.g., fees, jail time) to motivate offender compliance. However, people's reasons for desistance vary considerably. This study evaluated the acceptability, utility, and predictive validity of questions that ask about people's reasons for wanting to successfully complete probation. Substance-using probationers (N=113) participated in a web-based computer intervention that targeted substance use and treatment initiation. Questions around seven dimensions of reasons for completing probation were developed to provide tailored feedback during the web-based program...
January 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#4
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056493/alcohol-impaired-driving-and-perceived-risks-of-legal-consequences
#5
Frank A Sloan, Sabrina A McCutchan, Lindsey M Eldred
BACKGROUND: Driving while impaired (DWI) is a threat to public health. Codified legal sanctions are a widely implemented strategy to reduce DWI. However, it is unclear that sanctioning affects individual risk perceptions so as to deter alcohol-impaired driving. METHODS: Using survey data collected from individual drivers, police, and defense attorneys specializing in DWI in 8 U.S. cities, we investigated whether risk perceptions about legal consequences for alcohol-impaired driving, both the risk of being stopped if driving while alcohol-impaired and receiving specific penalties following a DWI, deter alcohol-impaired driving...
January 5, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030604/burden-and-determinants-of-smoking-among-prisoners-with-respiratory-tract-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nine-major-prison-setups-in-northern-ethiopia
#6
Semaw Ferede Abera, Kelemework Adane
BACKGROUND: Morbidity, mortality and a wide range of associated risk factors are disproportionately clustered among prisoners compared to the general population. Smoking is one of the risk factors for the increased burden of unfavorable health outcomes particularly among prisoners. However, little is known about the level and determinants of smoking among the incarcerated population in Ethiopia. METHODS: We collected data from 738 prisoners in nine major prison setups in Tigray region by nurses and clinical officers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027027/estimating-state-transitions-for-opioid-use-disorders
#7
Emanuel Krebs, Jeong E Min, Elizabeth Evans, Libo Li, Lei Liu, David Huang, Darren Urada, Thomas Kerr, Yih-Ing Hser, Bohdan Nosyk
AIM: The aim was to estimate transitions between periods in and out of treatment, incarceration, and legal supervision, for prescription opioid (PO) and heroin users. METHODS: We captured all individuals admitted for the first time for publicly funded treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) in California (2006 to 2010) with linked mortality and criminal justice data. We used Cox proportional hazards and competing risks models to assess the effect of primary PO use (v...
December 1, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017750/the-pulserider%C3%A2-for-the-treatment-of-wide-neck-bifurcation-intracranial-aneurysms-6-months-results
#8
Benjamin Gory, Alejandro M Spiotta, Franscesco di Paola, Salvatore Mangiafico, Leonardo Renieri, Arturo Consoli, Alessandra Biondi, Roberto Riva, Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Francis Turjman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: PulseRider® is a new endovascular stent dedicated to treat bifurcation intracranial aneurysms with a wide neck. Our purpose is to evaluate 6-months clinical and anatomical results of the device when used to facilitate endovascular coiling of wide-neck bifurcation aneurysms. METHODS: Unruptured intracranial aneurysms coiled with PulseRider®, in 6 European centers and 1 US center, were retrospectively reviewed from June 2014 to October 2015...
December 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017185/failure-to-get-into-substance-abuse-treatment
#9
Dennis G Fisher, Grace L Reynolds, Laura H D'Anna, David W Hosmer, Kholoud Hardan-Khalil
Among substance abusers in the US, the discrepancy in the number who access substance abuse treatment and the number who need treatment is sizable. This results in a major public health problem of access to treatment. The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics of Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs) that either hinder or facilitate access to treatment. 2646 participants were administered the Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. The RBA included the dependent variable which was responses to the question "During the last year, have you ever tried, but been unable, to get into a drug treatment or detox program?" In multivariate analysis, factors associated with being unable to access treatment included: Previously been in drug treatment (OR=4...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005477/correlates-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-the-targeted-testing-program-of-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#10
Matthew J Akiyama, Fatos Kaba, Zachary Rosner, Howard Alper, Aimee Kopolow, Alain H Litwin, Homer Venters, Ross MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to understand predictors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody positivity in a large urban jail system in New York City. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics, risk behaviors, and HCV antibody prevalence among 10 790 jail inmates aged 16 to 86 who were screened from June 13, 2013, to June 13, 2014, based on birth cohort or conventional high-risk criteria. We used logistic regression analysis to determine predictors of HCV antibody positivity...
January 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997242/incarceration-rates-and-traits-of-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states-national-inmate-survey-2011-2012
#11
Ilan H Meyer, Andrew R Flores, Lara Stemple, Adam P Romero, Bianca D M Wilson, Jody L Herman
OBJECTIVES: To report characteristics of sexual minority US inmates. METHODS: We drew our data from the National Inmate Survey, 2011-2012, a probability sample of inmates in US prisons and jails. We determined weighted proportions and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals to estimate differences between sexual minority and heterosexual inmates. RESULTS: Sexual minorities (those who self-identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual or report a same-sex sexual experience before arrival at the facility) were disproportionately incarcerated: 9...
February 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987616/deep-venous-thrombosis-associated-with-caval-extension-of-iliac-stents
#12
Erin H Murphy, Blake Johns, Elliot Varney, William Buck, Arjun Jayaraj, Seshadri Raju
BACKGROUND: It is generally difficult to place an iliac vein stent precisely at the iliocaval junction with venographic control or even with intravascular ultrasound guidance. Furthermore, mechanical properties of the Wallstent (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, Mass) can predispose precisely placed stents to distal displacement or stent collapse. Our center has thus advocated extending Wallstents 3 to 5 cm into the inferior vena cava to prevent complications of missed proximal lesions or stent migration...
January 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982312/repercussions-of-imprisonment-for-conjugal-violence-discourses-of-men
#13
Anderson Reis de Sousa, Álvaro Pereira, Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Nadirlene Gomes Pereira, Luana Moura Campos, Telmara Menezes Couto
Objective: to know the consequences that men experience related to incarceration by conjugal violence. Methods: qualitative study on 20 men in jail and indicted in criminal processes related to conjugal violence in a Court specialized in Family and Domestic Violence against women. The interviews were classified based on Collective Subject Discourse method, using NVIVO(r) software. Results: the collective discourse shows that the experience of preventive imprisonment starts a process of family dismantling, social stigma, financial hardship and psycho-emotional symptoms such as phobia, depression, hypertension, and headaches...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969942/tct-571-five-year-serial-oct-follow-up-of-jailed-side-branches-after-treatment-with-absorb-bioresorbable-scaffolds
#14
Valeria Paradies, George Vlachojannis, Kees-Jan Royaards, Floris Kauer, Jochem Wassing, Martin van der Ent, Pieter Smits
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960604/correctional-mental-health-administration
#15
Anthony Tamburello, Herbert Kaldany, Jeffery Dickert
Mental health administrators in correctional facilities have the complex task of balancing the clinical needs of incarcerated individuals and the safety and security missions of the facilities. This article describes the various structures of mental health administration within correctional facilities, the tasks commonly required of these professionals, and the skills necessary to be effective in this role. This editorial discusses the legal framework for mental healthcare in jails and prisons, staffing, cost containment, quality assurance and quality improvement, accreditation, peer review, morbidity and mortality reviews, utilization management, medication formularies, electronic health records, and innovative strategies as they apply to administrators of mental health services in correctional facilities...
February 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956518/use-of-self-expanding-stents-for-better-intracranial-flow-diverter-wall-apposition
#16
Anna Luisa Kühn, Ajay K Wakhloo, Matthew J Gounis, Peter Kan, Katyucia de Macedo Rodrigues, J Diego Lozano, Miklos G Marosfoi, Mary Perras, Christopher Brooks, Mary C Howk, David E Rex, Francesco Massari, Ajit S Puri
BACKGROUND: Flow diverter (FD) malapposition is associated with stroke-related complications. We document the use of self-expanding nitinol stents to remove/reduce the ledge of a FD deployed for aneurysm treatment. METHODS: We identified five patients who were treated with the Pipeline embolization device (PED) in conjunction with a Neuroform EZ stent for inadequate wall apposition of the ends of the FD at our institution between May 2014 and July 2015. Among other parameters, angiographic results, cone-beam computed tomography assessment of wall apposition and patient clinical outcome were evaluated...
December 12, 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932588/mental-health-among-jail-and-prison-inmates
#17
Youngmin Yi, Kristin Turney, Christopher Wildeman
Previous studies provide insight into the mental health of jail and prison inmates, but this research does not compare the two groups of inmates. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, this article examines how the association between incarceration and self-reported mental health varies by facility type, net of an array of demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Both jail and prison inmates report high rates of depression, life dissatisfaction, heavy drinking, and illicit drug use...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922518/hepatitis-c-point-of-care-testing-in-vulnerable-populations-a-human-factors-study
#18
Donna M Zucker, Akshaya Shanmugam
One third of all hepatitis C virus (HCV) cases in the United States are incarcerated in jails and prisons. Hepatitis C virus testing is primarily accomplished through a clinical laboratory, yet point-of-care (POC) testing is less invasive and results are available in 20 minutes compared with up to 3 weeks. The purpose of this article was to describe the findings of a collaborative project between the Colleges of Engineering and Nursing at the University of Massachusetts Amherst in executing a human factors study for HCV antibody testing and screening...
November 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903139/diversion-of-veterans-with-criminal-justice-involvement-to-treatment-courts-participant-characteristics-and-outcomes
#19
Jack Tsai, Bessie Flatley, Wesley J Kasprow, Sean Clark, Andrea Finlay
OBJECTIVE: This study compared characteristics and outcomes between veterans who participated in veterans treatment courts (VTCs) and veterans involved in criminal justice who participated in other treatment courts (TCs) or who participated in neither VTCs or TCs. METHODS: Data from 22,708 veterans (N=8,083 VTC participants, 680 participants in other TCs [other-TC participants], and 13,945 participants in neither VTCs nor TCs [non-TC participants]) in the Veterans Justice Outreach (VJO) program were analyzed by using multilevel regression models...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900592/tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-hispanic-persons-in-the-united-states-1993-2014
#20
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Jorge L Salinas, Krista M Powell, Lori R Armstrong
We examined the National tuberculosis surveillance system to describe Hispanic persons who were incarcerated at time of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and to compare their characteristics with those of non-Hispanic incarcerated TB patients. After declines between 1993 and 2002, the annual proportion of Hispanic TB patients who were incarcerated grew from 4.9% in 2003 to 8.4% in 2014. During 2003-2014, 19% of incarcerated US-born TB patients were Hispanic, and 86% of the foreign-born were Hispanic. Most incarcerated TB patients were in local jails, but about a third of all foreign-born Hispanics were in the facility category that includes Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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