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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779551/emerging-roles-for-peer-providers-in-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders
#1
Susan A Chapman, Lisel K Blash, Kimberly Mayer, Joanne Spetz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to identify and assess states with best practices in peer provider workforce development and employment. A growing body of research demonstrates that peer providers with lived experience contribute positively to the treatment and recovery of individuals with behavioral health needs. Increased employment opportunities have led to policy concerns about training, certification, roles, and reimbursement for peer provider services. METHODS: A case study approach included a national panel of subject matter experts who suggested best practice states...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778259/five-questions-concerning-managing-hepatitis-c-in-the-justice-system-finding-practical-solutions-for-hepatitis-c-virus-elimination
#2
REVIEW
Anne C Spaulding, Madeline G Adee, Robert T Lawrence, Jagpreet Chhatwal, William von Oehsen
An estimated 30% of Americans with hepatitis C virus (HCV) pass through a jail or prison annually. One in 7 incarcerated persons is viremic. Screening and treatment is cost-effective and beneficial to society as a whole. Yet at current (2018) levels of funding for HCV management, prisons are not aggressively seeking cases; few incarcerated persons with HCV actually receive treatment. This article explores barriers to screening for and treating hepatitis C in state prisons, and ways that states may overcome these barriers, such as nominal pricing...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767823/the-validity-of-open-source-data-when-assessing-jail-suicides
#3
Amanda L Thomas, Jacqueline Scott, Jeff Mellow
BACKGROUND: The Bureau of Justice Statistics' Deaths in Custody Reporting Program is the primary source for jail suicide research, though the data is restricted from general dissemination. This study is the first to examine whether jail suicide data obtained from publicly available sources can help inform our understanding of this serious public health problem. METHODS: Of the 304 suicides that were reported through the DCRP in 2009, roughly 56 percent (N = 170) of those suicides were identified through the open-source search protocol...
May 9, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764321/the-patient-to-prisoner-pipeline-the-imd-exclusion-s-adverse-impact-on-mass-incarceration-in-united-states
#4
Michael E Onah
A component of the 1965 Medicaid Act, the Institutions for Mental Diseases ("IMD") Exclusion was supposed to be a remedy for the brutal, dysfunctional mental healthcare system run through state hospitals. In the years since Medicaid was created, the IMD Exclusion has instead barred thousands of those in need of intensive, inpatient treatment from receiving it. As a result, many severely mentally ill individuals are left without adequate care and without a home. They struggle in the street where they are otherized by those in their community and are susceptible to confrontational episodes with law enforcement...
March 2018: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755141/human-decisions-and-machine-predictions
#5
Jon Kleinberg, Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jure Leskovec, Jens Ludwig, Sendhil Mullainathan
Can machine learning improve human decision making? Bail decisions provide a good test case. Millions of times each year, judges make jail-or-release decisions that hinge on a prediction of what a defendant would do if released. The concreteness of the prediction task combined with the volume of data available makes this a promising machine-learning application. Yet comparing the algorithm to judges proves complicated. First, the available data are generated by prior judge decisions. We only observe crime outcomes for released defendants, not for those judges detained...
February 1, 2018: Quarterly Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752698/opioid-use-among-those-who-have-criminal-justice-experience-harm-reduction-strategies-to-lessen-hiv-risk
#6
REVIEW
Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, David Cloud, Ernest Drucker, Nickolas Zaller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We reviewed the HIV and opioid literature relevant to harm reduction strategies for those with criminal justice experience. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid use in the United States has risen at an alarming rate recently. This has led to increased numbers of people who inject drugs, placing new populations at risk for HIV, including those who have criminal justice experience. In recent years, there has been a gradual decrease in the number of individuals under the supervision of the criminal justice system...
May 11, 2018: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751987/unmet-mental-health-and-social-service-needs-of-formerly-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-deep-south
#7
David W Pantalone, Michael L Scanlon, Shelley M Brown, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Courtenay Sprague
Due to the disproportionate burden of HIV among incarcerated women in the United States, jails and prisons have been identified as key sites for health service delivery. Recidivism remains high, potentially reflecting unmet mental health and social service needs of incarcerated women, especially during the postrelease adjustment period. However, little published research has investigated this possibility directly. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with previously incarcerated women living with HIV, and other key informants, and completed service-availability mapping in two Alabama cities...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727340/in-a-spirit-of-restoration-a-phenomenology-of-nursing-practice-and-the-criminal-justice-system
#8
Geraldine Gorman, Rebecca M Singer, Erin Christmas, Catherine Herbstritt, Layne Miller, Mary Murphy, Cailan Shannon, Katrina Wyss
Conditions within jails and prisons are a public health crisis, necessitating critical reform measures. An innovative collaboration between a Midwestern College of Nursing and Cook County Department of Corrections provides students with the opportunity to develop health education for both those detained in the jail and the corrections officers. A phenomenological approach, recognizing the importance of intuitive and cognitive understanding, is offered as a framework for practice in complex environments. Principles of restorative justice provide a bridge between primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention and the nursing practice possible within these institutions of incarceration and the communities to which people return...
April 2018: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717776/proximal-optimization-technique-proximal-rewiring-side-branch-dilation-and-paired-balloon-inflation-to-minimize-metal-carina-in-inadequate-jailing
#9
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717402/assessing-the-effect-of-recent-incarceration-in-prison-on-hiv-care-retention-and-viral-suppression-in-two-states
#10
Michael Costa, Brian T Montague, Liza Solomon, Cara Sammartino, Roee Gutman, Chava Zibman, David Rosen, Josiah D Rich
The prevalence of HIV among people in correctional facilities remains much higher than that of the general population. Numerous studies have demonstrated the effectiveness and acceptability of HIV treatment for individuals incarcerated in US prisons and jails. However, the period following incarceration is characterized by significant disruptions in HIV care. These disruptions include failure to link in a timely manner (or at all) to community care post-release, as well as not being retained in care after linking...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716889/gp-who-sexually-assaulted-patient-who-thought-she-was-having-a-heart-attack-is-jailed-for-15-months
#11
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705226/contralateral-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-iliac-vein-stent-placement-in-patients-with-may-thurner-syndrome
#12
Trong Binh Le, Taeg Ki Lee, Keun-Myoung Park, Yong Sun Jeon, Kee Chun Hong, Soon Gu Cho
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and potential causes of contralateral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after common iliac vein (CIV) stent placement in patients with May-Thurner syndrome (MTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 111 patients (women: 73%) who had CIV stent implantation for symptomatic MTS at a single center were retrospectively analyzed. Mean patient age was 63.1 ± 15.2 years. Median follow-up was 36 months (range, 1-142 months). Stent location was determined by venogram and classified as extended to the inferior vena cava (IVC), covered the confluence, or confined to the iliac vein...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697521/an-integrative-review-of-nurse-authored-research-to-improve-health-equity-and-human-rights-for-criminal-justice-involved-people
#13
Lorie S Goshin, Alison M Colbert, John F Carey
BACKGROUND: An estimated 10 million people are incarcerated internationally, including 2.1 million people in the United States. Criminal justice involvement is a social determinant of individual and family health disparities. Health care in correctional and forensic psychiatric facilities is nurse driven. The unique contributions of nurse authors to the research literature on health equity and humane conditions for this population have not been aggregated, nor have the nursing research gaps in this area been systematically identified...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#14
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678886/the-neuroform-atlas-stent-to-assist-coil-embolization-of-intracranial-aneurysms-a-multicentre-experience
#15
Christian Ulfert, Mirko Pham, Michael Sonnberger, Franco Amaya, Johannes Trenkler, Martin Bendszus, Markus A Möhlenbruch
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical safety and efficacy of the Atlas microstent in stent-assisted coil embolization of wide-necked intracranial aneurysms. METHODS: Single-center observational study in 36 patients (24 female, 12 male, mean age 56 years) with 37 aneurysms for the endovascular treatment of wide-necked aneurysms. After giving informed consent, patients were included according to the following criteria: aneurysm dome-to-neck ratio <2 or neck diameter >4 mm, and a parent vessel diameter of ≤4...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666110/freed-after-15-years-in-jail-for-a-stillbirth
#16
Alison Shepherd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662767/reconstruction-of-the-lateral-tibia-plateau-fracture-with-a-third-triangular-support-screw-a-biomechanical-study
#17
Eduardo Moran, Ivan Zderic, Kajetan Klos, Paul Simons, Miguel Triana, R Geoff Richards, Boyko Gueorguiev, Mark Lenz
Background: Split fractures of the lateral tibia plateau in young patients with good bone quality are commonly treated using two minimally invasive percutaneous lag screws, followed by unloading of the knee joint. Improved stability could be achieved with the use of a third screw inserted either in the jail-technique fashion or with a triangular support screw configuration. The aim of this study was to investigate under cyclic loading the compliance and endurance of the triangular support fixation in comparison with the standard two lag-screw fixation and the jail technique...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657595/a-novel-way-to-facilitate-left-ventricular-lead-implantation-jailed-catheter-technique
#18
Serkan Cay, Ozcan Ozeke, Firat Ozcan, Dursun Aras, Serkan Topaloglu
An important therapeutic modality for heart failure with left ventricular dyssynchrony, left ventricular lead placement, cannot be achieved due to anatomic challenges in some cases. In the current case, a novel implantation technique to overcome an anatomic difficulty, angled takeoff of the side branch of the coronary sinus, was presented.
April 2018: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656711/the-fierce-urgency-of-now-improving-outcomes-for-justice-involved-people-with-serious-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse
#19
Glenda Wrenn, Brian McGregor, Mark Munetz
People with serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested multiple times for the same crime, spend more time in jail before adjudication, serve longer sentences, and have higher recidivism rates than those without mental illness. Several conceptual foundations, such as the sequential intercept model and the risk-needs-responsivity model, have been developed to help communities address the overrepresentation of people with mental illness in the criminal justice system. The Stepping Up Initiative is a national effort to enlist counties to commit to reduce the number of people with mental illness in their jails...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627991/rural-incarcerated-women-hiv-hcv-knowledge-and-correlates-of-risky-behavior
#20
Bridgette Peteet, Michele Staton, Brittany Miller-Roenigk, Adam Carle, Carrie Oser
Rural incarcerated women have an increased risk of acquiring the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the hepatitis C virus (HCV) due to prevalent engagement in drug use and sexual behaviors. Limited research has investigated HIV and HCV knowledge in this high-risk population. Furthermore, the interplay of sociodemographic factors (i.e., education, age, income, and sexual orientation) and risky behavior is understudied in this population. The present study evaluated a sample of adult, predominately White women from rural Kentucky ( n = 387) who were recruited from local jails...
April 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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