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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733137/can-metabolic-tumour-parameters-on-primary-staging-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-contribute-to-risk-stratification-of-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-for-patient-management-as-a-prognostic-model
#1
K Okuyucu, E Alagoz, S Ince, S Ozaydin, N Arslan
OBJECTIVE: Primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma is an aggressive and fatal extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) jailed in CNS at initial diagnosis. Its prognosis is poor and the disease has a fatal outcome when compared with systemic NHL. A few baseline risk stratification scoring systems have been suggested to estimate the prognosis mainly based on serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, age, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), involvement of deep brain structures (DBS) and cerebrospinal fluid protein concentration...
July 18, 2017: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724514/paediatrician-jailed-for-downloading-child-porn-is-struck-off
#2
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715985/mental-disorders-among-criminal-offenders-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Emily D Gottfried, Sheresa C Christopher
This article examines mental illness among adult, juvenile, male, female, jail, and prison inmates. It also explores the way in which mental health diagnoses impact offending and violent behavior. A review of literature pertaining to differences between the genders and age of offenders suggests that psychiatric disorders are more common among criminal offenders than the population at large. Furthermore, it appears that many mentally ill offenders do not receive sufficient treatment during their incarcerations and that barriers inherent to incarceration prevent adequate treatment of mental illnesses...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693707/the-role-of-backward-associative-strength-in-false-recognition-of-drm-lists-with-multiple-critical-words
#4
María S Beato, Jason Arndt
BACKGROUND: Memory is a reconstruction of the past and is prone to errors. One of the most widely-used paradigms to examine false memory is the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. In this paradigm, participants studied words associatively related to a non-presented critical word. In a subsequent memory test critical words are often falsely recalled and/or recognized. METHOD: In the present study, we examined the influence of backward associative strength (BAS) on false recognition using DRM lists with multiple critical words...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687537/rape-survivor-is-sentenced-to-30-years-in-jail-under-el-salvador-s-extreme-anti-abortion-law
#5
Ingrid Torjesen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685884/correlates-of-injection-drug-use-among-rural-appalachian-women
#6
Michele Staton, Gabriele Ciciurkaite, Jennifer Havens, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, Matthew Webster, Carrie Oser, Bridgette Peteet
BACKGROUND: Limited research has focused on correlates of injection drug use (IDU) among high-risk subgroups of drug users, particularly women, who may be at increased risk for transmission of infectious diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C. The purpose of this study is to better understand the contextual and health correlates of IDU among women living in rural Appalachia by examining (1) differences between injectors and noninjectors, and (2) the unique correlates of recent IDU and past IDU...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655427/the-development-and-efficacy-of-a-group-intervention-program-for-individuals-with-serious-mental-illness-in-jail
#7
Corey M Leidenfrost, Ronald M Schoelerman, Michael Maher, Daniel Antonius
Providing cost-effective means to treat the influx of individuals with serious mental illness entering the correctional system is a major challenge. Failure to provide appropriate mental health treatment may lead to poor outcomes, including recidivism and suicide. Group intervention is an effective and cost efficient way to provide mental health treatment. However, it has been understudied in jail settings. To meet the needs of jail-inmates with serious mental illness, an eight-week group-based module curriculum was developed and studied through analyses of perceived usefulness, retention of key material, and associations with cognitive ability, improvement in psychiatric symptoms, and level of motivation...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653310/the-impact-of-proximal-cell-rewiring-compared-with-distal-cell-rewiring-with-single-stent-deployment-and-subsequent-kissing-balloon-inflation-in-the-inadequate-jailing-of-a-kaname-stent-on-the-side-branch-ostium
#8
Fumiaki Nakao
BACKGROUND: To identify differences between proximal and distal cell rewiring with subsequent kissing balloon inflation (KBI) in the presence of a link connected to a carina on the jailed side branch ostium (SBO). METHODS: Kaname stents were deployed in bifurcation models (n = 12) with subsequent KBI and were confirmed by optical coherence tomography. The jailing configuration and cell rewiring were completely controlled and classified as follows: FC-Dist, free carina (no links connected to a carina) and distal cell rewiring; CC-Prox, connected to a carina (the presence of a link connected to a central carina) and proximal cell rewiring; CC-Dist, connected to a carina and distal cell rewiring; and FarDist, far-distal cell rewiring...
June 27, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650224/efficacy-of-structured-organizational-change-intervention-on-hiv-testing-in-correctional-facilities
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Steven Belenko, Christy Visher, Frank Pearson, Holly Swan, Michele Pich, Daniel O'Connell, Richard Dembo, Linda Frisman, Leah Hamilton, Jennifer Willett
This article presents findings from a multisite cluster randomized trial of a structured organizational change intervention for improving HIV testing services in jails and prisons. Matched pairs of prison and jail facilities were randomized to experimental and control conditions; all facilities received baseline training about best practices in HIV testing and other HIV services and selected an area of HIV services on which to focus improvement efforts. The experimental facilities formed local change teams and were provided external coaching based on the Network for the Improvement of Addiction Treatment (NIATx) process improvement model...
June 2017: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650187/disentangling-the-risk-assessment-and-intimate-partner-violence-relation-estimating-mediating-and-moderating-effects
#10
Kirk R Williams, Richard Stansfield
To manage intimate partner violence (IPV), the criminal justice system has turned to risk assessment instruments to predict if a perpetrator will reoffend. Empirically determining whether offenders assessed as high risk are those who recidivate is critical for establishing the predictive validity of IPV risk assessment instruments and for guiding the supervision of perpetrators. But by focusing solely on the relation between calculated risk scores and subsequent IPV recidivism, previous studies of the predictive validity of risk assessment instruments omitted mediating factors intended to mitigate the risk of this behavioral recidivism...
June 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630761/partial-proximal-tibia-fractures
#11
Michael J Raschke, Christoph Kittl, Christoph Domnick
Partial tibial plateau fractures may occur as a consequence of either valgus or varus trauma combined with a rotational and axial compression component.High-energy trauma may result in a more complex and multi-fragmented fracture pattern, which occurs predominantly in young people. Conversely, a low-energy mechanism may lead to a pure depression fracture in the older population with weaker bone density.Pre-operative classification of these fractures, by Müller AO, Schatzker or novel CT-based methods, helps to understand the fracture pattern and choose the surgical approach and treatment strategy in accordance with estimated bone mineral density and the individual history of each patient...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627142/-theatre-in-jail-a-starting-point-for-a-social-epidemiology-project
#12
Maria Angela Vigotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616540/the-fate-of-small-side-branches-following-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#13
Demet Ozkaramanli Gur, Deniz Kumbasar, Refika Hüral, Derviş Oral, Çetin Erol
OBJECTIVES: Although drug eluting stents (DES) have documented convenience in bifurcation lesions, possible unfavorable effects on small side branch ostium (SBO) remain a question. We aimed to explore the effects of DES on small jailed SBs (1.5-2.25 mm) which originated from the lesion on the main vessel and were not treated with either stenting or balloon dilatation. METHODS: Angiographic data of 107 consecutive patients (129 SB) with Medina 1,1,1 or 1,1,0 lesions were evaluated at the time of procedure and at the follow-up...
September 2016: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612513/the-sequential-intercept-model-and-juvenile-justice-review-and-prospectus
#14
Kirk Heilbrun, Naomi E S Goldstein, David DeMatteo, Rebecca Newsham, Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, Lindsay Cole, Shelby Arnold
Behavioral health needs in justice-involved adolescents are an increasing concern, as it has been estimated that two-thirds of youths in the juvenile justice system now meet the criteria for one or more psychological disorders. This article describes the application of the Sequential Intercept Model (SIM), developed to describe five "points of interception" from standard prosecution into rehabilitation-oriented alternatives for adults (Munetz & Griffin, 2006), to juvenile justice. The five SIM intercepts are: (1) first contact with law enforcement or emergency services; (2) initial hearings and detention following arrest; (3) jails and courts (including problem-solving courts); (4) re-entry from jails, prisons and forensic hospitals; and (5) community corrections and community support, including probation and parole...
June 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606906/a-randomised-comparison-of-conventional-versus-intentional-strategy-in-patients-with-high-risk-prediction-of-side-branch-occlusion-in-coronary-bifurcation-intervention-rationale-and-design-of-the-cit-resolve-trial
#15
Dong Zhang, Dong Yin, Chenxi Song, Chengang Zhu, Ajay J Kirtane, Bo Xu, Kefei Dou
INTRODUCTION: The intentional strategy (aggressive side branch (SB) protection strategy: elective two-stent strategy or jailed balloon technique) is thought to be associated with lower SB occlusion rate than conventional strategy (provisional two-stent strategy or jailed wire technique). However, most previous studies showed comparable outcomes between the two strategies, probably due to no risk classification of SB occlusion when enrolling patients. There is still no randomised trial compared the intentional and conventional strategy when treating bifurcation lesions with high risk of SB occlusion...
June 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603592/jailing-polymer-jacketed-guide-wires-during-bifurcation-coronary-interventions-is-associated-with-procedural-myocardial-infarction
#16
Arka Chatterjee, Jeremy S White, Taimoor Hashim, Massoud A Leesar
AIM: To study the relationship of jailed polymer jacketed guide wires (PGW) with procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) after bifurcation coronary interventions. METHODS: Consecutive bifurcation interventions performed from January 2010 to October 2014 were included in the study. Chart review was performed to obtain demographic, clinical and procedural data. PMI was defined as Creatine Kinase MB > 3 × upper reference limit of normal. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ascertain relationship of PGW use with PMI...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594212/diagnostic-field-reliability-in-forensic-mental-health-evaluations
#17
W Neil Gowensmith, Stephanie N Sessarego, Meghan K McKee, Samantha Horkott, Nina MacLean, Katherine E McCallum
How likely are multiple forensic evaluators to agree on defendants' diagnoses in routine forensic mental health evaluations? A total of 720 evaluation reports were examined from 240 cases in which 3 evaluators, working independently, provided diagnoses for the same defendant. Results revealed perfect agreement across 6 independent diagnostic categories in 18.3% of cases. Agreement for individual diagnostic categories was higher, with all 3 evaluators agreeing on the separate presence of psychotic, mood, or substance disorders in more than 64...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590205/psychodynamic-treatment-of-the-criminal-offender-making-the-case-for-longer-term-treatment-in-a-longer-term-setting
#18
Abby L Mulay, Elspeth Kelly, Nicole M Cain
In recent years, prisons and jails have become de facto psychiatric hospitals, responsible for the care and treatment of individuals with serious mental illness. Historically, cognitive-behaviorally informed therapeutic approaches have been the treatment of choice among mental health practitioners in correctional settings. However, inmate-clients often present with complex diagnostic issues that are arguably better served by long-term treatment options, such as psychodynamic psychotherapy. We first review the nature of psychotherapy in the correctional setting, as well as treatment barriers and challenges faced by both mental health providers and inmate-clients...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566028/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-rochester-forensic-assertive-community-treatment-model
#19
J Steven Lamberti, Robert L Weisman, Catherine Cerulli, Geoffrey C Williams, David B Jacobowitz, Kim T Mueser, Patricia D Marks, Robert L Strawderman, Donald Harrington, Tara A Lamberti, Eric D Caine
OBJECTIVE: Forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) is an adaptation of the assertive community treatment model and is designed to serve justice-involved adults with serious mental illness. This study compared the effectiveness of a standardized FACT model and enhanced treatment as usual in reducing jail and hospital use and in promoting engagement in outpatient mental health services. METHODS: Seventy adults with psychotic disorders who were arrested for misdemeanor crimes and who were eligible for conditional discharge were recruited from the Monroe County, New York, court system...
June 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558808/gender-differences-in-discharge-dispositions-of-emergency-department-visits-involving-drug-misuse-and-abuse-2004-2011
#20
Jennifer I Manuel, Jane Lee
BACKGROUND: Drug use-related visits to the emergency department (ED) can undermine discharge planning and lead to recurrent use of acute services. Yet, little is known about where patients go post discharge. We explored trends in discharge dispositions of drug-involved ED visits, with a focus on gender differences. METHODS: We extracted data from the 2004-2011 Drug Abuse Warning Network, a national probability sample of drug-related visits to hospital EDs in the U...
May 30, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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