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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926560/hiv-and-hcv-in-u-s-prisons-and-jails-the-correctional-facility-as-a-bellwether-over-time-for-the-community-s-infections
#1
Anne C Spaulding, Emeli J Anderson, Mohammed A Khan, Cesar A Taborda-Vidarte, Jennifer A Phillips
Screening and treating correctional populations for HIV and HCV infections is essential to successfully addressing both epidemics in the USA. The prevalence of HIV and HCV infection is high in prisons and jails due to increased rates of incarceration among disproportionately affected groups such as injection drug users. Through a search of the published and grey literature and surveying persons overseeing health programs in prisons, we collected data on efforts to determine prevalence first for HIV and then for HCV...
September 19, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926354/neointimal-coverage-of-jailed-side-branches-in-coronary-bifurcation-lesions-an-optical-coherence-tomography-analysis
#2
Teruyoshi Kume, Ryotaro Yamada, Koyama Terumasa, Tomoko Tamada, Koichiro Imai, Kenzo Fukuhara, Yutaka Goryo, Ai Kawamura, Okamoto Hiroshi, Yoji Neishi, Shiro Uemura
OBJECTIVES: The jailed strut at the side-branch (SB) orifice may be a cause of delayed neointimal coverage and SB flow disturbance after single stenting to bifurcation. The aim of this study was to characterize the exact relationship between the jailed strut pattern at the SB orifice immediately after stent implantation and neointimal coverage of the jailed SB orifice in the chronic phase. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 29 bifurcation (left anterior descending coronary artery and diagonal branch) lesions treated by optical coherence tomography-guide single-stent implantation and followed at 18 months after a percutaneous coronary intervention were included in this study...
September 18, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918714/is-there-a-dark-side-to-mindfulness-relation-of-mindfulness-to-criminogenic-cognitions
#3
June P Tangney, Ashley E Dobbins, Jeffrey B Stuewig, Shannon W Schrader
In recent years, mindfulness-based interventions have been modified for use with inmate populations, but how this might relate to specific criminogenic cognitions has not been examined empirically. Theoretically, characteristics of mindfulness should be incompatible with distorted patterns of criminal thinking, but is this in fact the case? Among both 259 male jail inmates and 516 undergraduates, mindfulness was inversely related to the Criminogenic Cognitions Scale (CCS) through a latent variable of emotion regulation...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916898/a-strengths-based-case-management-intervention-to-reduce-hiv-viral-load-among-people-who-use-drugs
#4
Alex H Kral, Barrot H Lambdin, Megan Comfort, Christina Powers, Helen Cheng, Andrea M Lopez, Robert O Murdoch, Torsten B Neilands, Jennifer Lorvick
Engaging highly marginalized HIV positive people in sustained medical care is vital for optimized health and prevention efforts. Prior studies have found that strengths-based case management helps link people who use drugs to HIV care. We conducted a pilot to assess whether a strengths-based case management intervention may help people who use injection drugs (PWID) or smoke crack cocaine (PWSC) achieve undetectable HIV viral load. PWID and PWSC were recruited in Oakland, California using targeted sampling methods and referral from jails and were tested for HIV...
September 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914126/patient-navigators-effectively-support-hiv-infected-individuals-returning-to-the-community-from-jail-settings
#5
Janet J Myers, Kimberly A Koester, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Alison O Jordan, Jacqueline Cruzado-Quinone, Alissa Riker
Purpose Patient navigation is an evidence-based approach for enhancing medical and support service co-ordination and ensuring linkage to medical care for people living with HIV released from jail. The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach This brief describes the benefits of patient navigation and issues to consider when implementing a navigator program. The authors use process data to describe the type and amount of navigation services delivered as part of a randomized study, the "The San Francisco Navigator Project...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914125/mobilizing-cross-sector-community-partnerships-to-address-the-needs-of-criminal-justice-involved-older-adults-a-framework-for-action
#6
Lia Metzger, Cyrus Ahalt, Margot Kushel, Alissa Riker, Brie Williams
Purpose The rapidly increasing number of older adults cycling through local criminal justice systems (jails, probation, and parole) suggests a need for greater collaboration among a diverse group of local stakeholders including professionals from healthcare delivery, public health, and criminal justice and directly affected individuals, their families, and advocates. The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework that local communities can use to understand and begin to address the needs of criminal justice-involved older adults...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914117/making-the-case-for-innovative-reentry-employment-programs-previously-incarcerated-women-as-birth-doulas-a-case-study
#7
Monica R McLemore, Zakeya Warner Hand
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to make a case for novel and innovative reentry programs focused on women of color and to describe policy recommendations that are necessary to support the sustainability of these programs and in turn the success of the women who participate in them. Design/methodology/approach A review and analysis of the literature that described job-training opportunities specifically targeted to women exiting jail and the impact on recidivism provided limited information. The authors developed, implemented, and evaluated doula training program for low-income and women of color to determine if birth work could provide stable income and decrease recidivism...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913841/diversion-at-re-entry-using-criminogenic-cbt-review-and-prototypical-program-development
#8
Kirk Heilbrun, Victoria Pietruszka, Alice Thornewill, Sarah Phillips, Rebecca Schiedel
Society and the criminal justice system prioritize the reduction of reoffending risk as part of any criminal justice intervention. The Sequential Intercept Model identifies five points of interception at which justice-involved individuals can be diverted into a more rehabilitative alternative: (1) law enforcement/emergency services; (2) booking/initial court hearings; (3) jails/courts; (4) re-entry; and (5) community corrections/community support. The present article focuses on diversion as part of Intercept 5 - re-entry planning and specialized services in the community...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913835/retributive-justifications-for-jail-diversion-of-individuals-with-mental-disorder
#9
E Lea Johnston
Jail diversion programs have proliferated across the United States as a means to decrease the incarceration of individuals with mental illnesses. These programs include pre-adjudication initiatives, such as crisis intervention teams, as well as post-adjudication programs, such as mental health courts and specialized probationary services. Post-adjudication programs often operate at the point of sentencing, so their comportment with criminal justice norms is crucial. This article investigates whether and under what circumstances post-adjudication diversion for offenders with serious mental illnesses may cohere with principles of retributive justice...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913001/methamphetamine-use-and-emergency-department-utilization-20-years-later
#10
John R Richards, Sheiva Hamidi, Connor D Grant, Colin G Wang, Nabil Tabish, Samuel D Turnipseed, Robert W Derlet
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MAP) users present to the emergency department (ED) for myriad reasons, including trauma, chest pain, and psychosis. The purpose of this study is to determine how their prevalence, demographics, and resource utilization have changed. METHODS: Retrospective review of MAP patients over 3 months in 2016. Demographics, mode of arrival, presenting complaints, disposition, and concomitant cocaine/ethanol use were compared to a 1996 study at the same ED...
2017: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905732/medicine-and-mass-incarceration-education-and-advocacy-in-the-new-york-city-jail-system
#11
Jonathan Giftos, Andreas Mitchell, Ross MacDonald
The United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world. The scale of mass incarceration ensures that almost all practicing physicians will treat formerly incarcerated patients. Yet the majority of physicians receive little training on this topic. In this paper, we will outline the need for expanded education on the interface between incarceration and health, describe initiatives taking place within the New York City jail system and nationally, and describe future directions for curriculum development...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905728/what-are-physicians-responsibilities-to-patients-whose-health-conditions-can-influence-their-legal-proceedings
#12
David Beckmann
Correctional populations are disproportionately affected by conditions that affect cognition, such as psychiatric illness and head trauma. Honoring bioethical principles in the care of such patients can be particularly difficult in the correctional setting. However, the approach should not change markedly because a patient is incarcerated. That is, the same standards of respecting patient autonomy and confidentiality should be maintained, and the fact that correctional populations are already marginalized makes it all the more important for clinicians to honor these principles...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905725/ethics-students-go-to-the-jail
#13
Oliver Schirokauer, Thomas A Tallman, Leah Jeunnette, Despina Mavrakis, Monica L Gerrek
This article describes an educational initiative in which clinical ethics students, who were either in a bioethics master's degree program or in the fourth year of medical school, spent two days observing health care in an urban jail. Students submitted reflections about their experience, in which they drew attention to concerns about privacy, physical restriction, due care, drug addiction, mistrust, and the conflicting expectations that arise when incarcerated people become patients. The rotation was of great value to the students both because it exposed them to many of the ethical issues that arise in a correctional setting and because it deepened their understanding of various ethical concerns that are pervasive in health care...
September 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895078/the-growth-scope-and-spatial-distribution-of-people-with-felony-records-in-the-united-states-1948-2010
#14
Sarah K S Shannon, Christopher Uggen, Jason Schnittker, Melissa Thompson, Sara Wakefield, Michael Massoglia
The steep rise in U.S. criminal punishment in recent decades has spurred scholarship on the collateral consequences of imprisonment for individuals, families, and communities. Several excellent studies have estimated the number of people who have been incarcerated and the collateral consequences they face, but far less is known about the size and scope of the total U.S. population with felony convictions beyond prison walls, including those who serve their sentences on probation or in jail. This article develops state-level estimates based on demographic life tables and extends previous national estimates of the number of people with felony convictions to 2010...
September 11, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893770/serial-5-year-evaluation-of-side-branches-jailed-by-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-using-3-dimensional-optical-coherence-tomography-insights-from-the-absorb-cohort-b-trial-a-clinical-evaluation-of-the-bioabsorbable-everolimus-eluting-coronary-stent-system
#15
Yoshinobu Onuma, Maik J Grundeken, Shimpei Nakatani, Taku Asano, Yohei Sotomi, Nicolas Foin, Jaryl Ng, Takayuki Okamura, Joanna J Wykrzykowska, Robbert J de Winter, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Jacques Koolen, Evald Christiansen, Robert Whitbourn, Dougal McClean, Pieter Smits, Stephan Windecker, John A Ormiston, Patrick W Serruys
BACKGROUND: The long-term fate of Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) struts jailing side branch ostia has not been clarified. We therefore evaluate serially (post-procedure and at 6 months, 1, 2, 3, and 5 years) the appearance and fate of jailed Absorb bioresorbable vascular scaffold struts. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed 3-dimensional optical coherence tomographic analysis of the ABSORB Cohort B trial (A Clinical Evaluation of the Bioabsorbable Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System in the Treatment of Patients With De Novo Native Coronary Artery Lesions) up to 5 years using a novel, validated cut-plane analysis method...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891469/influence-of-the-sequence-of-proximal-optimization-technique-and-side-branch-dilation-for-the-opening-of-jailed-struts-after-coronary-bifurcation-stenting
#16
Yoshinobu Murasato, Takahiro Mori, Takayuki Okamura, Junya Shite
We encountered two cases that resulted in unusual deflection of the protruded struts after proximal optimization technique (POT) with side branch (SB) dilation in coronary bifurcation stenting, when the guide wires recrossed into proximal cells of the struts overhung in the SB ostium. In one case, POT before SB dilation enabled adequate strut expansion with some deflection toward the distal SB, and subsequent SB dilation completed this deflection. In another case, POT after SB dilation resulted in the deflection toward distal main branch, opposite side of the previous case...
September 12, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882550/partner-relationships-and-injection-sharing-practices-among-rural-appalachian-women
#17
Michele Staton, Justin C Strickland, Martha Tillson, Carl Leukefeld, J Matthew Webster, Carrie B Oser
BACKGROUND: The role of relationships in initiating and maintaining women's risk behaviors has been established. However, understanding factors that may underlie partner relationships and women's risky drug use, particularly in rural contexts, is limited. This study is the first to examine the association between injecting partners and women's risky injection practices as a function of relationship power perception. METHODS: Female participants were recruited from three rural jails in the Appalachian region...
September 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881041/evaluation-of-ct-s-asist-program-specialized-services-to-divert-higher-risk-defendants
#18
Linda K Frisman, Hsiu-Ju Lin, Eleni T Rodis, Joseph Grzelak, Michael Aiello
Some criminal defendants with mental illness may not be referred to traditional mental health jail diversion programs because they have a history of non-compliance with treatment, or complex personal circumstances such as homelessness. To successfully divert such individuals, Connecticut has developed a specialized program called the Advanced Supervision and Intervention Support Team (ASIST), which offers criminal justice supervision in conjunction with mental health treatment and support services. An evaluation of the ASIST program included a six-month follow-up study of 111 program clients to examine mental health functioning and other outcomes, and a comparison of administrative data for 492 ASIST clients with a propensity-matched group to examine recidivism...
September 7, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880627/limits-to-consent-to-care-and-treatment
#19
Richard Griffith
Richard Griffith, Senior Lecturer in Health Law at Swansea University, considers the requirements for a valid consent and the limits to that consent in light of a case of a surgeon jailed for performing unnecessary operations.
September 7, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878575/my-time-in-jail
#20
Jeremy A Ross
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
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