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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903139/diversion-of-veterans-with-criminal-justice-involvement-to-treatment-courts-participant-characteristics-and-outcomes
#1
Jack Tsai, Bessie Flatley, Wesley J Kasprow, Sean Clark, Andrea Finlay
OBJECTIVE: This study compared characteristics and outcomes between veterans who participated in veterans treatment courts (VTCs) and veterans involved in criminal justice who participated in other treatment courts (TCs) or who participated in neither VTCs or TCs. METHODS: Data from 22,708 veterans (N=8,083 VTC participants, 680 participants in other TCs [other-TC participants], and 13,945 participants in neither VTCs nor TCs [non-TC participants]) in the Veterans Justice Outreach (VJO) program were analyzed by using multilevel regression models...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900592/tuberculosis-among-incarcerated-hispanic-persons-in-the-united-states-1993-2014
#2
Godwin Mindra, Jonathan M Wortham, Maryam B Haddad, Jorge L Salinas, Krista M Powell, Lori R Armstrong
We examined the National tuberculosis surveillance system to describe Hispanic persons who were incarcerated at time of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and to compare their characteristics with those of non-Hispanic incarcerated TB patients. After declines between 1993 and 2002, the annual proportion of Hispanic TB patients who were incarcerated grew from 4.9% in 2003 to 8.4% in 2014. During 2003-2014, 19% of incarcerated US-born TB patients were Hispanic, and 86% of the foreign-born were Hispanic. Most incarcerated TB patients were in local jails, but about a third of all foreign-born Hispanics were in the facility category that includes Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899208/sroi-in-the-pay-for-success-context-are-they-at-odds
#3
Robert L Fischer, Francisca García-Cobián Richter
The Pay For Success (PFS) and Social Impact Bond (SIB) movements to date have focused heavily on shorter-term outcomes that can be monetized and show clear savings to government entities. In part, this focus derives from the need to specify contract payments based on a narrow set of well measured outcomes (e.g., avoided days in jail and foster care, decreased use of behavioral health services). Meanwhile efforts to measure the social return on investment (SROI) of interventions have sought to expand the view of relevant outcomes to include domains that lend themselves less clearly to monetization...
November 21, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888471/the-role-of-incarceration-and-reentry-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-and-hispanic-latino-men-in-new-york-city
#4
Anibal Cortes, Cristina Villagra, Suky Martinez, Vir Patel, Lina Jandorf
In the USA, the rate of incarceration has steadily increased from 1980 to 2010, a period called mass incarceration. Incarcerated individuals are now leaving the jail system in large numbers, the majority of whom are returning to low-income and Black and Hispanic-Latino communities. Although highly preventable, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a significant risk for minority and underserved men over the age of 50. Black men have the highest CRC incidence and mortality rates, which can be prevented and treated effectively when detected early, especially via colonoscopy...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872401/criminality-and-asbestos-in-industry
#5
Barry Castleman
Criminal prosecutions of individuals in the asbestos industry are reviewed, particularly the case of asbestos owner-executive Stephan Schmidheiny. Italian courts sentenced Schmidheiny to sixteen to eighteen years in jail for creating an environmental disaster causing three thousand deaths. The convictions were overturned on a technicality, and a murder case against Schmidheiny has started. His firm, Eternit, made asbestos-cement building products in many countries. Schmidheiny directed a cover-up that the Italian Court of Appeal blamed for delaying the ban of asbestos in Italy by ten years...
November 21, 2016: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863970/treatment-of-distal-anterior-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-with-the-pipeline-embolization-device
#6
Erez Nossek, Daniel W Zumofen, Avi Setton, Matthew B Potts, Eytan Raz, Maksim Shapiro, Howard A Riina, Maria Angeles De Miquel, David J Chalif, Peter K Nelson
Aneurysms of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) located distal to the anterior communicating artery complex (ACOM) remain challenging to treat with surgical clip reconstruction as well as with endovascular coil-embolization strategies. We have treated five complex geometry distal ACA aneurysms with endoluminal reconstruction using the Pipeline Embolization Device (PED). Two aneurysms were of the dysplastic fusiform type. Three aneurysms were of complex saccular configuration. Three aneurysms were treated electively at the outset with PED...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849429/area-level-deprivation-and-adverse-consequences-in-people-with-substance-use-disorders-findings-from-the-psychiatric-and-addictive-dual-disorder-in-italy-paddi-study
#7
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Paola Borrelli, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Ioana Popa, Cristina Montomoli, Massimo Clerici
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors may operate with individual ones to influence the risk of substance use. Research has focused on severe adverse consequences influenced by contextual variables. However, the literature on community level factors influencing substance use behaviors is relatively limited across Europe so far. OBJECTIVE: We capitalized on data from a National survey, exploring individual and contextual characteristics, to study adverse consequences among people with substance use disorders...
November 16, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829114/mental-health-services-in-texas-jails
#8
Emilie A Becker
Jails and prisons in the United States have become the places where people with mental illness go. Texas jails were surveyed in 2012 to learn how they screened inmates for mental illness. Of these jails, 13% responded. Most screened for suicidal ideation and whether or not an inmate took a medicine. About half the jails offered in-house care, and the other half referred inmates to the local mental health authority. Most jails had a formal jail diversion program, and most thought that mental health illness was increasing...
November 1, 2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818442/identification-and-practice-patterns-of-sobering-centers-in-the-united-states
#9
Otis Warren, Shannon Smith-Bernardin, Katherine Jamieson, Nickolas Zaller, Aisha Liferidge
BACKGROUND: Sobering centers operate as an alternative to hospitals and jails in many communities across the country as a safe place where an acutely intoxicated person can be observed until he or she becomes sober. No national data on this practice exist. We aim to create a preliminary database of sobering centers and describe national practices of these sobering centers. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional analysis and survey of sobering centers with a review of current practices...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816035/predictors-of-medication-adherence-and-smoking-cessation-among-smokers-under-community-corrections-supervision
#10
Karen L Cropsey, C Brendan Clark, Erin N Stevens, Samantha Schiavon, Adrienne C Lahti, Peter S Hendricks
INTRODUCTION: Individuals in the U.S. criminal justice system now represent over 12% of all current U.S. smokers. With smoking banned in most U.S. jails and prisons, the cessation focus for this population has shifted to individuals who are under community correction supervision (e.g., probation, parole). The aim of this study was to examine predictors of successful smoking cessation among criminal justice individuals supervised in the community. METHODS: Five hundred participants under community corrections supervision were randomized to receive either four sessions of smoking cessation counseling or no counseling in conjunction with 12weeks of bupropion treatment plus brief physician advice to quit...
October 23, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806862/functional-adult-outcomes-16-years-after-childhood-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta-results
#11
Lily Hechtman, James M Swanson, Margaret H Sibley, Annamarie Stehli, Elizabeth B Owens, John T Mitchell, L Eugene Arnold, Brooke S G Molina, Stephen P Hinshaw, Peter S Jensen, Howard B Abikoff, Guillermo Perez Algorta, Andrea L Howard, Betsy Hoza, Joy Etcovitch, Sylviane Houssais, Kimberley D Lakes, J Quyen Nichols
OBJECTIVE: To compare educational, occupational, legal, emotional, substance use disorder, and sexual behavior outcomes in young adults with persistent and desistent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and a local normative comparison group (LNCG) in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA). METHOD: Data were collected 12, 14, and 16 years postbaseline (mean age 24.7 years at 16 years postbaseline) from 476 participants with ADHD diagnosed at age 7 to 9 years, and 241 age- and sex-matched classmates...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795871/the-relationship-between-trauma-arrest-and-incarceration-history-among-black-americans-findings-from-the-national-survey-of-american-life
#12
Lena J Jäggi, Briana Mezuk, Daphne C Watkins, James S Jackson
Prior research indicates an association between exposure to trauma (e.g., being victimized) and perpetration of crime, especially in the context of chronic victimization. This study examines the relationship between trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and history of arrest and incarceration among a representative sample of black Americans from the National Survey of American Life (N = 5,189). One-third had a history of arrest, and 18 percent had a history of incarceration. Frequency of trauma exposure was associated with involvement with the criminal justice system...
November 2016: Society and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795545/a-symptomatic-case-of-thoracic-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-lower-limb-spastic-paresis
#13
Mohammad Alfawareh, Tariq Alotaibi, Abdallah Labeeb, Ziad Audat
BACKGROUND Despite being the most common tumor of the spine, vertebral hemangioma is rarely symptomatic in adults. In fact, only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas may be symptomatic. When hemangiomas occur in the thoracic vertebrae, they are more likely to be symptomatic due to the narrow vertebral canal dimensions that mandate more aggressive management prior to the onset of severe neurological sequelae. CASE REPORT An 18-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a one-month history of mild to moderate mid-thoracic back pain, radiating to both lower limbs...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780870/virtual-flow-diverter-treatment-planning-the-effect-of-device-placement-on-bifurcation-aneurysm-haemodynamics
#14
Thomas Peach, Katerina Spranger, Yiannis Ventikos
Bifurcation aneurysms account for a large fraction of cerebral aneurysms and often present morphologies that render traditional endovascular treatments, such as coiling, challenging and problematic. Flow-diverter stents offer a potentially elegant treatment option for such aneurysms, but clinical use of these devices remains controversial. Specifically, the deployment of a flow-diverter device in a bifurcation entails jailing one or more potentially vital vessels with a low-porosity mesh designed to restrict the flow...
October 25, 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771546/intersystem-return-on-investment-in-public-mental-health-positive-externality-of-public-mental-health-expenditure-for-the-jail-system-in-the-u-s
#15
Jangho Yoon, Jeff Luck
This study examines the extent to which increased public mental health expenditures lead to a reduction in jail populations and computes the associated intersystem return on investment (ROI). We analyze unique panel data on 44 U.S. states and D.C. for years 2001-2009. To isolate the intersystem spillover effect, we exploit variations across states and over time within states in per capita public mental health expenditures and average daily jail inmates. Regression models control for a comprehensive set of determinants of jail incarcerations as well as unobserved determinants specific to state and year...
October 18, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765783/australia-backs-down-over-jail-terms-for-doctors-who-speak-out-about-abuse-of-asylum-seekers
#16
Paul Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761521/the-self-stigma-process-in-criminal-offenders
#17
Kelly E Moore, June P Tangney, Jeffrey B Stuewig
Upon conviction, individuals receive the stigmatizing label "criminal offender." Existing stereotypes about criminal offenders may be integrated into the self-concept, a phenomenon known as self-stigma. In many stigmatized groups, self-stigma is a robust predictor of poor functioning (Livingston & Boyd, 2010; Schomerus et al., 2011). However, little is known about how self-stigma occurs (Corrigan et al., 2006), and there has been limited research with criminal offenders. This study examines a theoretical model of self-stigma in which perceived stigma leads to stereotype agreement, internalized stigma, and then to anticipated stigma...
August 2016: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758829/not-an-iron-pipeline-but-many-capillaries-regulating-passive-transactions-in-los-angeles-secondary-illegal-gun-market
#18
Kelsie Y Chesnut, Melissa Barragan, Jason Gravel, Natalie A Pifer, Keramet Reiter, Nicole Sherman, George E Tita
OBJECTIVES: California has strict firearm-related laws and is exceptional in its regulation of firearms retailers. Though evidence suggests that these laws can reduce illegal access to guns, high levels of gun violence persist in Los Angeles (LA), California. This research seeks to describe the sources of guns accessed by active offenders in LA, California and reports offenders' motivations for obtaining guns. SETTING: Los Angeles County Jail (LACJ) system (four facilities)...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747539/risk-factors-associated-with-legal-interventions
#19
Alfreda Holloway-Beth, Linda Forst, Julia Lippert, Sherry Brandt-Rauf, Sally Freels, Lee Friedman
BACKGROUND: Current research regarding injuries caused during interactions between police officers and civilians is conducted intermittently or on a very narrow sample frame which provides very little clinical information about the injuries suffered or the adverse outcomes. The aim of this study is to identify comorbid risk factors and describe acute outcomes of medically treated traumatic injuries occurring as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel. METHODS: For this retrospective study, patients injured as a result of contact with law enforcement personnel were identified using ICD-9 external cause of injury codes from medical record databases of patients treated in all hospitals and trauma units in Illinois between 2000 and 2009...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743800/corrigendum-to-extended-release-naltrexone-opioid-treatment-at-jail-reentry-xor-contemp-clin-trials-49-2016-57-64
#20
Ryan D McDonald, Babak Tofighi, Eugene Laska, Keith Goldfeld, Wanda Bonilla, Mara Flannery, Nadina Santana-Correa, Christopher W Johnson, Neil Leibowitz, John Rotrosen, Marc N Gourevitch, Joshua D Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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