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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979911/co-2-laser-treatment-for-pearly-penile-papules-personal-experience
#1
Anna Deda, Aleksandra Lipka-Trawińska, Sławomir Wilczyński, Barbara Błońska-Fajfrowska
Pearly penile papules (PPP) are physiological lesions in the epithelium of the corona of the glans penis which extend to its neck. These lesions may also appear on both sides of the frenulum. Although they are not pathological, the lesions frequently cause concern or embarrassment/discomfort in patients. They are the most common reason for seeing a dermatologist. There are several methods of treatment for PPP such as cryosurgery, electrocoagulation, treatment with CO2 , Er:YAG, or pulsed dye lasers. This paper describes the authors' experience in removing PPP with a CO2 laser...
July 6, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873116/-the-clitoral-infrafrenulum-fascial-bundle-the-anatomy-and-histology
#2
Adam Ostrzenski
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the clitoral infrafrenulum layer exists. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: This descriptive observational study was conducted using 15 fresh human female cadavers. Macro and micro stratum-by-stratum anatomical dissections of the clitoral frenulum were performed bilaterally. Target tissue biopsies were obtained for microscopic examination and the specimens were stained with eosin and hematoxylin. The principal observations: The skin folds with erectile tissue between them create the superficial stratum of the clitoral frenulum...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787680/revision-lingual-frenotomy-improves-patient-reported-breastfeeding-outcomes-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Bobak A Ghaheri, Melissa Cole, Jess C Mace
BACKGROUND: Lingual frenotomy improves patient-reported outcome measures, including infant reflux and maternal nipple pain, and prolongs the nursing relationship; however, many mother-infant dyads continue to experience breastfeeding difficulty despite having had a frenotomy. Research aim: The aim of this study was to determine how incomplete release of the tethered lingual frenulum may result in persistent breastfeeding difficulties. METHODS: A one-group, observational, prospective cohort study was conducted...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767443/is-the-neonatal-tongue-screening-test-a-valid-and-reliable-tool-for-detecting-ankyloglossia-in-newborns
#4
Clarissa de Almeida Brandão, Mirian de Waele Souchois de Marsillac, Fernanda Barja-Fidalgo, Branca Heloisa Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Although there is a lack of strong evidence for the association between ankyloglossia in newborns and impaired breastfeeding, screening for ankyloglossia using the Neonatal Tongue Screening Test (NTST) is mandated by law in Brazilian maternities. AIM: To assess the reliability and validity of the NTST. DESIGN: cohort study; baseline sample comprised 268 mother-newborn dyads. At follow-up, 169 mothers were contacted by telephone...
July 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729007/a-novel-approach-to-columellar-reconstruction-in-a-child
#5
Andrew R Scott, Kofi D Boahene
We present a novel method for columellar reconstruction using a hidden donor site and review the challenges and limitations of columellar reconstruction in children with Fitzpatrick VI skin type. A staged reconstruction was conceived in which a full-thickness skin graft was transferred to the superior gingivolabial sulcus in the area of the maxillary frenulum. Six months later, the prelaminated soft tissue flap was delivered through a horizontal incision at the subnasale, and the donor site closed primarily...
May 4, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704302/familial-autosomal-dominant-severe-ankyloglossia-with-tooth-abnormalities
#6
Anaëlle Lenormand, Roman Khonsari, Pierre Corre, Jean Philippe Perrin, Cécile Boscher, Mathilde Nizon, Olivier Pichon, Albert David, Cedric Le Caignec, Helios Bertin, Bertrand Isidor
Ankyloglossia is a congenital oral anomaly characterized by the presence of a hypertrophic and short lingual frenulum. Mutations in the gene encoding the transcription factor TBX22 have been involved in isolated ankyloglossia and X-linked cleft palate. The knockout of Lgr5 in mice results in ankyloglossia. Here, we report a five-generation family including patients with severe ankyloglossia and missing lower central incisors. Two members of this family also exhibited congenital anorectal malformations. In this report, male-to-male transmission was in favor of an autosomal dominant inheritance, which allowed us to exclude the X-linked TBX22 gene...
April 28, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620937/defining-tip-frenulum-length-for-ankyloglossia-and-its-impact-on-breastfeeding-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Ryan D Walker, Susan Messing, Casey Rosen-Carole, Margo McKenna Benoit
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the normal lingual frenulum anatomy in newborns and to evaluate tip-frenulum distance as an objective diagnostic tool for identifying newborns at risk for anterior and posterior tongue tie and breastfeeding difficulty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The distance from the tongue tip to the insertion of the lingual frenulum was measured in a group of 100 healthy newborns to establish normative data. The presence of a visible or palpable cord was noted...
April 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613837/lingual-frenulum-phenotypes-in-brazilian-infants-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#8
Cristiane Sá Roriz Fonteles, Erlane Marques Ribeiro, Marinisi Sales Aragão Santos, Rebeka Ferreira Pequeno Leite, Gabryela Sales Assunção, André Jalles Monteiro, André Luiz Santos Pessoa, Célia Maria Giacheti, Sáile Cavalcante Kerbage, Thyciana Rodrigues Ribeiro, Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate lingual frenulum in children affected by congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) and to analyze the association of lingual frenulum phenotypes with other variables. DESIGN: This present work had a cross-sectional, descriptive study design. SETTING: This study was carried out in Fortaleza (Brazil). The health professionals provided tertiary level of care. Data collection occurred during a multidisciplinary task force for evaluating infants affected by CZS in December 2 to 3, 2016...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609432/upper-lip-tie-wrapping-into-the-hard-palate-and-anterior-premaxilla-causing-alveolar-hypoplasia
#9
Woong Heo, Hee Chang Ahn
Bony anomaly caused by lip tie is not many reported yet. There was a case of upper lip tie wrapping into the anterior premaxilla. We represent a case of severe upper lip tie of limited lip motion, upper lips curling inside, and alveolar hypoplasia. Male patient was born on June 3, 2016. He had a deep philtral sulcus, low vermilion border and deep cupid's bow of upper lip due to tension of short, stout and very tight frenulum. His upper lip motion was severely restricted in particular lip eversion. There was anterior alveolar hypoplasia with deep sulcus in anterior maxilla...
March 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475120/infant-fatality-case-with-excessive-chylous-ascites
#10
Nozomi Idota, Mami Nakamura, Misa Tojo, Hiroaki Ichioka, Kaori Shintani-Ishida, Hiroshi Ikegaya
An 11-month-old boy with marked abdominal distension was found dead in the prone position at home. Since there were many bruises in the non-protruding regions of the head, face, and abdomen, a medicolegal autopsy was performed the following day. The boy was smaller than average (height: 68.5 cm; weight: 7.8 kg); his extremities were thin; and his abdomen was remarkably bulging. Chylous ascites (1600 mL) was observed in the peritoneal cavity and chylous pleural effusion (left: 5 mL; right: 10 mL) in the thoracic cavity...
May 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468095/intraoral-dissection-of-the-mimetic-muscles-application-to-dentistry-and-oral-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Mimetic muscles contract and pull the overlying skin toward the muscle's bony attachment. Numerous books and articles have shown the mimetic muscles via cadaveric dissection. However, for dentistry and oral surgery, the mimetic muscles have not been detailed from intraoral dissection. Recently, several papers have addressed various mimetic muscles in relation to intraoral dissection. However, to our knowledge, there has been no overview of these muscles beneath the oral mucosa. Here, we review the literature concerning the mimetic muscles as revealed during intraoral dissection, create novel illustrations, and discuss the relationship of these muscles with general dentistry and oral surgery...
December 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450860/morphological-characterization-of-helicoverpa-armigera-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-heliothinae
#12
L Queiroz-Santos, M M Casagrande, A Specht
The cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is a widespread lepidopteran pest found in various crops worldwide. This highly polyphagous species, commonly found both in the Old and New World, has caused significant economic damage as an invasive agricultural pest in Brazil since 2013. The goal of the present study is to provide a detailed morphological assessment of adults and immature stages of H. armigera, as this species is often confused with H. zea (Boddie), a congeneric species that is native to the New World...
August 2018: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380619/the-prevalence-of-ankyloglossia-in-302-newborns-with-breastfeeding-problems-and-sucking-difficulties-in-barcelona-a-descriptive-study
#13
E Ferrés-Amat, T Pastor-Vera, P Rodriguez-Alessi, E Ferrés-Amat, J Mareque-Bueno, E Ferrés-Padró
AIM: Oral and maxillofacial development is influenced by the lingual frenulum and also affects breathing, occlusion, sucking, swallowing, speech, among others. Ankyloglossia in the newborn may result in breastfeeding difficulties: maternal nipple pain and/or erosion or mastitis, poor weight gain and excessively long breastfeeds. The main objective of this work is to study the prevalence of ankyloglossia in newborns with breastfeeding difficulties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal descriptive study of 302 patients, between 0 and 6 months, who attended the hospital as a result of breastfeeding difficulties...
December 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284907/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-minor-salivary-glands-in-child
#14
Jehona Reçica Ahmedi, Enis Ahmedi, Ferjall Perjuci, Resmije Ademi, Ali Gashi, Zana Agani, Fisnik Kurshumliu, Bylbyl Reçica
Introduction: Tumors of salivary glands are very rare in children overall, and rarely in minor salivary glands. Among them pleoomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign tumor of salivary glands in children and it acounts 60% of all salivary neoplasms, frequently found in major salivary glands (85 %) and rarely in minor salivary glands (10-15%). PA appears as painless oval mass, elastic consistency and smooth surface. It characterized by slow evolution of growing. The diagnosis can be confirmed only by histopathological features, after total excision of the lesion...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201519/glans-wings-are-separated-ventrally-by-the-septum-glandis-and-frenulum-penis-mri-documentation-and-surgical-implications
#15
Hüseyin Özbey, Ali Kumbasar
Objective: In the normal human penis, the glans wings are in apposition in the midline ventrally, and are separated by the "septum glandis" and "frenulum" of the prepuce. However, most of the hypospadias repair techniques include dissection of the glans wings and their approximation enclosing the neourethra within the glans. Material and methods: In order to obtain detailed information about the normal anatomy of glans penis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of the penis were studied in three adults...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104388/clinical-study-of-laser-treatment-for-frenectomy-of-pediatric-patients
#16
Sayaka Komori, Kousuke Matsumoto, Kenji Matsuo, Hiroaki Suzuki, Takahide Komori
Aim: To suggest regarding the timing of oral surgery and laser treatment for frenulum abnormalities in the pediatric population. Materials and methods: We investigated the sex, age, frenulum site, reason for consultation, treatment method, and prognosis of 35 patients aged 15 years or younger and who were examined at our hospital for the chief complaint of frenulum abnormality. Results: A total of 21 (mean age, 6.0 years) of the 35 patients underwent frenectomy using a carbon dioxide (CO2 ) laser...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072224/ankyloglossia-surgical-management-and-functional-rehabilitation-of-tongue
#17
Shadab Khan, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
Ankyloglossia or "tongue-tie" is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short, thick, fibrosed lingual frenulum which may cause restriction in function of tongue including limitation in tongue movement. The lingual frenulum may be fibrous or muscular, and the tie may be complete or partial. Most often, ankyloglossia is seen as an isolated condition in an otherwise normal individual. This article reports the surgical management of a 20-year-old patient having ankyloglossia associated with restricted movement of tongue and difficulty in speech...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038969/microvascular-imaging-and-monitoring-of-human-oral-cavity-lesions-in-vivo-by-swept-source-oct-based-angiography
#18
Wei Wei, Woo June Choi, Ruikang K Wang
We report the development of optical coherence tomography- (OCT) based angiography (OCTA) to image blood flow within microcirculatory tissue beds in human oral cavity in vivo with a field of view at 10 mm × 10 mm. Three-dimensional (3D) structural and vascular images of labial mucosa tissue are obtained at a single 3D acquisition. Pathologic mucosal sites with mouth ulcers are examined using the OCT tomograms and angiograms, upon which to monitor the lesion healing process over a period of 2 weeks. Quantitative metrics of the capillary loop density within the lamina propria layer are evaluated, providing statistically significant difference between healthy and diseased conditions over time...
January 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977337/ankyloglossia-and-its-influence-on-growth-and-development-of-the-stomatognathic-system
#19
Livia Eisler Pompéia, Roberta Simoni Ilinsky, Cristina Lúcia Feijó Ortolani, Kurt Faltin
OBJECTIVE: To critically examine the existing Brazilian and International scientific literature regarding the influence of short lingual frenulum over growth and development of the stomatognathic system, as well as how it impacts the achievement of the shape-function balance. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search was conducted in databases, including MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, LILACS, SciELO, and ScienceDirect, using the key words "lingual frenum" and "development", as well as their equivalents in Brazilian Portuguese...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856075/clinical-anatomy-of-the-frenulum-of-the-oral-vestibule
#20
Joe Iwanaga, Naoshi Takeuchi, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Introduction The frenula of the oral vestibule include the labial and buccal frenula. Abnormal labial and buccal frenula can affect facial esthetics and oral cavity function by retracting the gingival margin, creating a median diastema, and limiting lip movement. Because of the lack of information on these structures, we aimed to clarify their anatomy.  Methods A total of 34 sides from 17 fresh frozen cadaveric Caucasian heads were used in the present study. The specimens were derived from 11 male and 6 female adult cadavers...
June 29, 2017: Curēus
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