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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555663/comparison-of-three-methods-of-penile-vibratory-stimulation-for-semen-retrieval-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#1
W Chong, E Ibrahim, T C Aballa, C M Lynne, N L Brackett
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, three-way crossover design. OBJECTIVE: Penile vibratory stimulation (PVS) is recommended as the first line of treatment for semen retrieval in anejaculatory men with spinal cord injury (SCI). This study compared ejaculatory success rates and patient preference for three methods of PVS within the same group of men with SCI. SETTING: Major medical university. METHODS: Fifteen men with SCI each received three methods of PVS...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499507/nasolabial-changes-after-two-different-approaches-for-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#2
N Alves, T F M Oliveira, V A Pereira-Filho, E S Gonçales, M A C Gabrielli, L A Passeri
This retrospective study evaluated the nasolabial changes in patients who underwent surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using two different approaches. Nineteen patients were included in the study, divided into two groups according to the kind of surgical approach performed: group 1 (n=9), SARME performed through the standard Le Fort I circumvestibular approach followed by the alar base cinch, and group 2 (n=10), SARME performed through a subtotal vestibular approach associated to a V-shaped incision at the maxillary midline in the labial frenulum region, without alar base cinch...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317355/-three-dimensional-analysis-of-alveolar-changes-of-complete-unilateral-cleft-lip-patients-after-presurgical-nasoalveolar-molding-treatment
#3
Li Hongyi, Kuang Hai, Wang Xiaomeng, Li Dongshuang
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the alveolar changes of complete unilateral cleft lip (UCCL) patients after pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) treatment using a three-dimensional method. METHODS: Palate impressions of thirty UCCL patients who underwent PNAM treatment in the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were taken pre- and post-PNAM. The plaster impressions were scanned using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The DICOM files were exported and 3D models reconstructed in Mimics 15...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284020/frenotomy-for-tongue-tie-in-newborn-infants
#4
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#5
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026850/diastema-size-and-type-of-upper-lip-midline-frenulum-attachment
#6
Anna Sękowska, Renata Chałas
BACKGROUND: Diastema is a space between teeth. The most often is maxillary midline diastema between upper central incisors. One of the main causes of diastema is enlarge upper lip frenulum attachment. The aim of the study was to assess frenulum attachment in patients with diastema and investigate if type of upper lip frenulum attachment has an impact on the width of diastema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Upper lip frenulum attachment was assessed clinically in two groups of adult patients: study group with diastema and control group without diastema...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018842/c-dubliniensis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-with-metal-lingual-frenulum-piercing
#7
Gary Ventolini, Peihsuan Tsai, Lee David Moore
Candida spp. are opportunistic unicellular fungi, known to cause oral, vaginal, lung and occasionally systemic infections. Characteristically, they colonize the oral cavity, the mucosal surfaces of the cheek, palate, and tongue. Usually harmless, oral Candidas may become pathogenic under immunosuppressive conditions, dentures presence, or salivary flow impairment. Accurate species identification is important because C. dubliniensis can rapidly develop fluconazole resistance. We report C. dubliniensis in an immunocompetent patient with a metal lingual frenulum piercing...
December 2016: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994428/labial-ankyloglossia-a-rare-case-report
#8
Rakesh Namdeo Bahadure, Eesha Jain, Parul Singh, Rameshkumar Pandey, Rakeshkumar Chuk
Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is the congenital short thick lingual frenulum resulting in reduced mobility of the tongue. It limits the possibilities of the extension such as the protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to either the short of frenulum or genioglossus muscle or both. It can be observed at different ages with specific indications for treatment for each group and cause problems in the feeding, dental hygiene, speech, appearance, and self-esteem of affected patients. Although various degrees of the tongue-tie are mostly observed from the tip of tongue to the base of tongue, sometimes it may present unusually...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847256/hypospadias-repair-with-the-glanular-frenular-collar-gfc-technique
#9
Hüseyin Özbey, Şeref Etker
BACKGROUND: In the normal human penis, the glans wings merge in the midline ventrally, but are separated by the 'septum glandis' in conjunction with the frenulum. The frenulum is also included in the formation of the distal (glanular and subcoronal) urethra, which has a special part known as the 'fossa navicularis'. This has inspired a hypospadias repair technique that simulates the development of the glanular and subcoronal urethra, which can be incorporated into the repair of all cases of hypospadias...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730205/a-frequent-phenotype-for-paediatric-sleep-apnoea-short-lingual-frenulum
#10
Christian Guilleminault, Shehlanoor Huseni, Lauren Lo
A short lingual frenulum has been associated with difficulties in sucking, swallowing and speech. The oral dysfunction induced by a short lingual frenulum can lead to oral-facial dysmorphosis, which decreases the size of upper airway support. Such progressive change increases the risk of upper airway collapsibility during sleep. Clinical investigation of the oral cavity was conducted as a part of a clinical evaluation of children suspected of having sleep disordered breathing (SDB) based on complaints, symptoms and signs...
July 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436292/detailed-morphology-of-all-life-stages-of-the-agave-red-worm-comadia-redtenbacheri-hammerschmidt-lepidoptera-cossidae
#11
R Castro-Torres, C Llanderal-Cázares
The agave red worm, Comadia redtenbacheri (Hammerschmidt), is an important source of food and income in Mexico. Despite its importance, several aspects of its biology, morphology, and behavior remain poorly studied. In this work, we describe and illustrate the morphology of all the life stages that may aid in understanding certain aspects of its biology. To obtain all life stages, last instar larvae were collected from agave plants and allowed to pupate; after the adults emerged, they were allowed to mate and oviposit...
December 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325544/oral-and-craniofacial-manifestations-of-ellis-van-creveld-syndrome-case-series
#12
Elif Bahar Tuna, Mine Koruyucu, Esma Kürklü, Muhsin Çifter, Koray Gençay, Figen Seymen, Beyhan Tüysüz
PURPOSE: The objective of this case series was to determine the oral, dental and craniofacial features of patients with EvC syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight patients with EvC syndrome were enrolled. A complete family history, pedigree analysis, detailed medical history were collected. Findings of clinical examination, including craniofacial and orodental manifestations, and radiological investigations were thoroughly studied. RESULTS: All eight patients had characteristic face, hypertrophic frenulum, conical and peg-shaped teeth, hypodontia of deciduous and/or permanent teeth and also skeletal dysplasia, small chest, short stature and hypoplastic nails...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244821/foreskin-morbidity-in-uncircumcised-males
#13
Ida Sneppen, Jørgen Thorup
OBJECTIVE: As a consequence of the discussion on whether the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks and the discrepancies in reported figures of complications, we evaluated the incidence and morbidity of foreskin surgery due to medical indications in boys from the Capital Region of Denmark in 2014. METHODS: Medical records from all boys operated on the foreskin due to medical reasons in the Capital Region in 2014 were reviewed. Patients with hypospadias, ritual circumcision, and redo-surgery because of complications to nontherapeutic circumcision were excluded...
May 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222891/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ankyloglossia-a-narrative-review-and-a-report-of-three-cases
#14
Phoebus Tsaousoglou, Nikolaos Topouzelis, Ioannis Vouros, Anton Sculean
BACKGROUND: Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital oral anomaly with short, tight, and thick lingual frenulum. It may be asymptomatic or can cause movement limitations of the tongue, speech and articulation difficulties, breastfeeding difficulties in neonates, as well as periodontal and malocclusion problems. The etiopathogenesis of ankyloglossia is unknown; it can occur either as a sole anomaly in the vast majority or in association with other craniofacial anomalies. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this paper were (1) to provide a comprehensive review on the criteria for clinical assessment and diagnosis, etiology and inheritance, and the therapeutic options of ankyloglossia; and (2) to demonstrate the treatment of ankyloglossia by means of frenuloplasty in three cases...
2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218021/clinical-features-and-management-of-a-median-cleft-lip
#15
Kyung S Koh, Do Yeon Kim, Tae Suk Oh
BACKGROUND: Median cleft lip is a rare anomaly consisting of a midline vertical cleft through the upper lip. It can also involve the premaxillary bone, the nasal septum, and the central nervous system. In our current report, we present the clinical features of 6 patients with a median cleft lip and their surgical management according to the accompanying anomalies. METHODS: From December 2010 to January 2014, 6 patients with a median cleft lip were reviewed. Five of these cases underwent surgical correction; alveolar bone grafting was performed in a patient with a median alveolar cleft...
May 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169383/piroxicam-and-doxycycline-treatment-for-an-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-an-inshore-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-aduncus
#16
D T March, D J Blyde, G D Bossart, A P Begg, D P Taylor, V McClure
BACKGROUND: The virus family Papillomaviridae has been documented in a wide range of animal species and can cause benign and malignant proliferative lesions. The presence of concurrent lingual papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in cetaceans has also been documented in both wild and captive populations, suggesting malignant transformation of benign papilloma to SCC may occur in this species. CASE REPORT: In 2008, a 38-year-old captive male inshore bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) was diagnosed with papillomatous lesions on the intermandibular frenulum rostral to the tongue and an infiltrative SCC of the soft palate following biopsy and histological analysis...
May 11, 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27068029/mouse-hypospadias-a-critical-examination-and-definition
#17
Adriane Watkins Sinclair, Mei Cao, Joel Shen, Paul Cooke, Gail Risbridger, Laurence Baskin, Gerald R Cunha
Hypospadias is a common malformation whose etiology is based upon perturbation of normal penile development. The mouse has been previously used as a model of hypospadias, despite an unacceptably wide range of definitions for this malformation. The current paper presents objective criteria and a definition of mouse hypospadias. Accordingly, diethylstilbestrol (DES) induced penile malformations were examined at 60 days postnatal (P60) in mice treated with DES over the age range of 12 days embryonic to 20 days postnatal (E12-P20)...
December 2016: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941523/ankyloglossia-with-cleft-lip-a-rare-case-report
#18
Kritika Jangid, Aurelian Jovita Alexander, Nadathur Doraiswamy Jayakumar, Sheeja Varghese, Pratibha Ramani
Ankyloglossia or tongue-tie is a congenital anomaly affecting the tongue, which is characterized by thick, short lingual frenulum. This condition causes many difficulties such as limited tongue protrusion, breastfeeding difficulties, speech impairment and lack of self-confidence. It is very rarely associated with any other congenital craniofacial disorders such as cleft lip, X-linked cleft palate, Van der Woude syndrome, Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, Orofacial digital syndrome, Beckwith Weidman syndrome or Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome...
November 2015: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881147/direct-midline-diastema-closure-with-composite-layering-technique-a-one-year-follow-up
#19
Bora Korkut, Funda Yanikoglu, Dilek Tagtekin
Objective. Maxillary anterior spacing is a common aesthetic complaint of patients. Midline diastema has a multifactorial etiology such as labial frenulum, microdontia, mesiodens, peg-shaped lateral incisors, agenesis, cysts, habits such as finger sucking, tongue thrusting, or lip sucking, dental malformations, genetics, proclinations, dental-skeletal discrepancies, and imperfect coalescence of interdental septum. Appropriate technique and material for effective treatment are based on time, physical, psychological, and economical limitations...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816940/frenulum-sparing-circumcision-step-by-step-approach-of-a-novel-technique
#20
Sunil Purshotham Shenoy, Prashanth Kallaje Marla, Pritham Sharma, Narayana Bhat, Amrith Raj Rao
OBJECTIVE: Circumcision, by most conventional methodologies, involves division of the frenulum and excision of the entire foreskin covering the glans. This seemingly simple procedure is occasionally associated with dreadful and devastating complications. We describe a new frenulum-sparing technique that circumvents some of the potential complications of conventional techniques and could also potentially help preserve preputial role in sexual function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An initial dorsal slit, three fourths of the way up to the corona is extended laterally and obliquely on either side, to meet the preputial edge, 3-4 mm from the frenulum...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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