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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104388/clinical-study-of-laser-treatment-for-frenectomy-of-pediatric-patients
#1
Sayaka Komori, Kousuke Matsumoto, Kenji Matsuo, Hiroaki Suzuki, Takahide Komori
Aim: To suggest regarding the timing of oral surgery and laser treatment for frenulum abnormalities in the pediatric population. Materials and methods: We investigated the sex, age, frenulum site, reason for consultation, treatment method, and prognosis of 35 patients aged 15 years or younger and who were examined at our hospital for the chief complaint of frenulum abnormality. Results: A total of 21 (mean age, 6.0 years) of the 35 patients underwent frenectomy using a carbon dioxide (CO2) laser...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072224/ankyloglossia-surgical-management-and-functional-rehabilitation-of-tongue
#2
Shadab Khan, Shweta Sharma, Vivek Kumar Sharma
Ankyloglossia or "tongue-tie" is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by an abnormally short, thick, fibrosed lingual frenulum which may cause restriction in function of tongue including limitation in tongue movement. The lingual frenulum may be fibrous or muscular, and the tie may be complete or partial. Most often, ankyloglossia is seen as an isolated condition in an otherwise normal individual. This article reports the surgical management of a 20-year-old patient having ankyloglossia associated with restricted movement of tongue and difficulty in speech...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038969/microvascular-imaging-and-monitoring-of-human-oral-cavity-lesions-in-vivo-by-swept-source-oct-based-angiography
#3
Wei Wei, Woo June Choi, Ruikang K Wang
We report the development of optical coherence tomography- (OCT) based angiography (OCTA) to image blood flow within microcirculatory tissue beds in human oral cavity in vivo with a field of view at 10 mm × 10 mm. Three-dimensional (3D) structural and vascular images of labial mucosa tissue are obtained at a single 3D acquisition. Pathologic mucosal sites with mouth ulcers are examined using the OCT tomograms and angiograms, upon which to monitor the lesion healing process over a period of 2 weeks. Quantitative metrics of the capillary loop density within the lamina propria layer are evaluated, providing statistically significant difference between healthy and diseased conditions over time...
October 16, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977337/ankyloglossia-and-its-influence-on-growth-and-development-of-the-stomatognathic-system
#4
Livia Eisler Pompéia, Roberta Simoni Ilinsky, Cristina Lúcia Feijó Ortolani, Kurt Faltin
OBJECTIVE: To critically examine the existing Brazilian and International scientific literature regarding the influence of short lingual frenulum over growth and development of the stomatognathic system, as well as how it impacts the achievement of the shape-function balance. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search was conducted in databases, including MEDLINE/PubMed, Google Scholar, LILACS, SciELO, and ScienceDirect, using the key words "lingual frenum" and "development", as well as their equivalents in Brazilian Portuguese...
April 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856075/clinical-anatomy-of-the-frenulum-of-the-oral-vestibule
#5
Joe Iwanaga, Naoshi Takeuchi, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
Introduction The frenula of the oral vestibule include the labial and buccal frenula. Abnormal labial and buccal frenula can affect facial esthetics and oral cavity function by retracting the gingival margin, creating a median diastema, and limiting lip movement. Because of the lack of information on these structures, we aimed to clarify their anatomy.  Methods A total of 34 sides from 17 fresh frozen cadaveric Caucasian heads were used in the present study. The specimens were derived from 11 male and 6 female adult cadavers...
June 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812052/the-superior-labial-frenulum-in-newborns-what-is-normal
#6
Chloe Santa Maria, Janelle Aby, Mai Thy Truong, Yogita Thakur, Sharon Rea, Anna Messner
Introduction and Objectives: There has been an emergence of procedures to release the superior labial frenula in infants, yet little is known about the normal appearance or incidence of severe attachment, or "lip-tie." The objective of this article was to develop a classification system for superior labial frenula and to estimate the incidence of different degrees of attachment. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study. Newborns were examined and had photographs taken of their upper frenula. Relevant medical professionals rated the appearance of the labial frenula using a previously described Kotlow classification system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735664/lingual-chondrolipoma-in-a-dog
#7
R Furumoto, M Michishita, K Arai, S Soeta, K Takahashi
A 13-year-old female Yorkshire terrier was presented with difficulty swallowing because of a lingual mass, which had grown to a size of 0.8 × 0.8 × 0.8 cm in 1 month. Grossly, the mass was located in the lingual frenulum and the cut surface was grey-white in colour. Microscopically, the mass was unencapsulated and composed of lobules of mature adipose tissue and cartilaginous tissue with abundant basophilic myxoid matrix separated by fibrous connective tissue. Immunohistochemically, almost all of these cells were positive for vimentin and S100...
July 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715533/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ankyloglossia-in-newborns-and-infants-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan Walsh, David Tunkel
Importance: The influence of tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, on breastfeeding is the subject of growing debate. Restriction of tongue mobility from the frenulum varies greatly among newborns and infants (hereinafter referred to as infants). Controversies about whether an infant has ankyloglossia and which infants need treatment are evident with wide variations in medical practice and a lack of high-quality clinical studies that provide guidance. Observations: Diagnosis and management of ankyloglossia in infants can be a source of confusion and frustration for clinicians and families...
October 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679189/pharmacological-dynamic-rehabilitative-behavioural-therapy-for-premature-ejaculation-results-of-a-pilot-study
#9
Franco Mantovani
OBJECTIVES: Premature ejaculation (PE) is a sexual disorder characterised by excessive rapidity of orgasm. It is defined as either primary (60%), present since the onset of sexual activity, or secondary (40%), manifesting later in life. To date, dapoxetine is the only preparation approved for the on-demand treatment of PE. However, side effects, costs associated with the treatment of chronic PE, drug dependence and its variable effectiveness leads to a not insignificant drop-out rate...
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555663/comparison-of-three-methods-of-penile-vibratory-stimulation-for-semen-retrieval-in-men-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
W Chong, E Ibrahim, T C Aballa, C M Lynne, N L Brackett
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, three-way crossover design. OBJECTIVE: Penile vibratory stimulation (PVS) is recommended as the first line of treatment for semen retrieval in anejaculatory men with spinal cord injury (SCI). This study compared ejaculatory success rates and patient preference for three methods of PVS within the same group of men with SCI. SETTING: Major medical university. METHODS: Fifteen men with SCI each received three methods of PVS...
October 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499507/nasolabial-changes-after-two-different-approaches-for-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#11
N Alves, T F M Oliveira, V A Pereira-Filho, E S Gonçales, M A C Gabrielli, L A Passeri
This retrospective study evaluated the nasolabial changes in patients who underwent surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) using two different approaches. Nineteen patients were included in the study, divided into two groups according to the kind of surgical approach performed: group 1 (n=9), SARME performed through the standard Le Fort I circumvestibular approach followed by the alar base cinch, and group 2 (n=10), SARME performed through a subtotal vestibular approach associated to a V-shaped incision at the maxillary midline in the labial frenulum region, without alar base cinch...
September 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317355/-three-dimensional-analysis-of-alveolar-changes-of-complete-unilateral-cleft-lip-patients-after-presurgical-nasoalveolar-molding-treatment
#12
Li Hongyi, Kuang Hai, Wang Xiaomeng, Li Dongshuang
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed the alveolar changes of complete unilateral cleft lip (UCCL) patients after pre-surgical nasoalveolar molding (PNAM) treatment using a three-dimensional method. METHODS: Palate impressions of thirty UCCL patients who underwent PNAM treatment in the Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were taken pre- and post-PNAM. The plaster impressions were scanned using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The DICOM files were exported and 3D models reconstructed in Mimics 15...
August 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284020/frenotomy-for-tongue-tie-in-newborn-infants
#13
REVIEW
Joyce E O'Shea, Jann P Foster, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Deirdre Breathnach, Susan E Jacobs, David A Todd, Peter G Davis
BACKGROUND: Tongue-tie, or ankyloglossia, is a condition whereby the lingual frenulum attaches near the tip of the tongue and may be short, tight and thick. Tongue-tie is present in 4% to 11% of newborns. Tongue-tie has been cited as a cause of poor breastfeeding and maternal nipple pain. Frenotomy, which is commonly performed, may correct the restriction to tongue movement and allow more effective breastfeeding with less maternal nipple pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frenotomy is safe and effective in improving ability to feed orally among infants younger than three months of age with tongue-tie (and problems feeding)...
March 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097623/toward-a-functional-definition-of-ankyloglossia-validating-current-grading-scales-for-lingual-frenulum-length-and-tongue-mobility-in-1052-subjects
#14
Audrey Yoon, Soroush Zaghi, Rachel Weitzman, Sandy Ha, Clarice S Law, Christian Guilleminault, Stanley Y C Liu
PURPOSE: Alterations of the lingual frenulum may contribute to oromyofacial dysfunction, speech and swallowing impediments, underdevelopment of the maxillofacial skeleton, and even predispose to sleep breathing disorder. This study aims to assess the utility of existing instruments for evaluation of restricted tongue mobility, describe normal and abnormal ranges of tongue mobility, and provide evidence in support of a reliable and efficient measure of tongue mobility. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 1052 consecutive patients was evaluated during a 3-month period...
January 17, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026850/diastema-size-and-type-of-upper-lip-midline-frenulum-attachment
#15
Anna Sękowska, Renata Chałas
BACKGROUND: Diastema is a space between teeth. The most often is maxillary midline diastema between upper central incisors. One of the main causes of diastema is enlarge upper lip frenulum attachment. The aim of the study was to assess frenulum attachment in patients with diastema and investigate if type of upper lip frenulum attachment has an impact on the width of diastema. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Upper lip frenulum attachment was assessed clinically in two groups of adult patients: study group with diastema and control group without diastema...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018842/c-dubliniensis-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-with-metal-lingual-frenulum-piercing
#16
Gary Ventolini, Peihsuan Tsai, Lee David Moore
Candida spp. are opportunistic unicellular fungi, known to cause oral, vaginal, lung and occasionally systemic infections. Characteristically, they colonize the oral cavity, the mucosal surfaces of the cheek, palate, and tongue. Usually harmless, oral Candidas may become pathogenic under immunosuppressive conditions, dentures presence, or salivary flow impairment. Accurate species identification is important because C. dubliniensis can rapidly develop fluconazole resistance. We report C. dubliniensis in an immunocompetent patient with a metal lingual frenulum piercing...
December 2016: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994428/labial-ankyloglossia-a-rare-case-report
#17
Rakesh Namdeo Bahadure, Eesha Jain, Parul Singh, Rameshkumar Pandey, Rakeshkumar Chuk
Tongue-tie or ankyloglossia is the congenital short thick lingual frenulum resulting in reduced mobility of the tongue. It limits the possibilities of the extension such as the protrusion and elevation of the tip of the tongue due to either the short of frenulum or genioglossus muscle or both. It can be observed at different ages with specific indications for treatment for each group and cause problems in the feeding, dental hygiene, speech, appearance, and self-esteem of affected patients. Although various degrees of the tongue-tie are mostly observed from the tip of tongue to the base of tongue, sometimes it may present unusually...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847256/hypospadias-repair-with-the-glanular-frenular-collar-gfc-technique
#18
Hüseyin Özbey, Şeref Etker
BACKGROUND: In the normal human penis, the glans wings merge in the midline ventrally, but are separated by the 'septum glandis' in conjunction with the frenulum. The frenulum is also included in the formation of the distal (glanular and subcoronal) urethra, which has a special part known as the 'fossa navicularis'. This has inspired a hypospadias repair technique that simulates the development of the glanular and subcoronal urethra, which can be incorporated into the repair of all cases of hypospadias...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730205/a-frequent-phenotype-for-paediatric-sleep-apnoea-short-lingual-frenulum
#19
Christian Guilleminault, Shehlanoor Huseni, Lauren Lo
A short lingual frenulum has been associated with difficulties in sucking, swallowing and speech. The oral dysfunction induced by a short lingual frenulum can lead to oral-facial dysmorphosis, which decreases the size of upper airway support. Such progressive change increases the risk of upper airway collapsibility during sleep. Clinical investigation of the oral cavity was conducted as a part of a clinical evaluation of children suspected of having sleep disordered breathing (SDB) based on complaints, symptoms and signs...
July 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436292/detailed-morphology-of-all-life-stages-of-the-agave-red-worm-comadia-redtenbacheri-hammerschmidt-lepidoptera-cossidae
#20
R Castro-Torres, C Llanderal-Cázares
The agave red worm, Comadia redtenbacheri (Hammerschmidt), is an important source of food and income in Mexico. Despite its importance, several aspects of its biology, morphology, and behavior remain poorly studied. In this work, we describe and illustrate the morphology of all the life stages that may aid in understanding certain aspects of its biology. To obtain all life stages, last instar larvae were collected from agave plants and allowed to pupate; after the adults emerged, they were allowed to mate and oviposit...
December 2016: Neotropical Entomology
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