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gentamycin for uti

Yeshwondm Mamuye
BACKGROUND: The resistance of bacteria causing urinary tract infection (UTI) to commonly prescribed antibiotics is increasing both in developing and developed countries. Resistance has emerged even to more potent antimicrobial agents. This study was undertaken to determine the current antibiotic resistance pattern among common bacterial uropathogens in St.paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College. METHODS: Using cross sectional study design, a total of 217 female and 207 male participants were consecutively recruited...
March 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tomasz A Leski, Chris R Taitt, Umaru Bangura, Michael G Stockelman, Rashid Ansumana, William H Cooper, David A Stenger, Gary J Vora
BACKGROUND: The rising level of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens is one of the most significant public health problems globally. While the antibiotic resistance of clinically important bacteria is closely tracked in many developed countries, the types and levels of resistance and multidrug resistance (MDR) among pathogens currently circulating in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa are virtually unknown. METHODS: From December 2013 to April 2014, we collected 93 urine specimens from all outpatients showing symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) and 189 fomite swabs from a small hospital in Bo, Sierra Leone...
April 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nisel Yılmaz, Neval Ağuş, Arzu Bayram, Pınar Şamlıoğlu, M Cem Şirin, Yeşer Karaca Derici, Sevgi Yılmaz Hancı
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most frequently seen community-acquired infections worldwide. E. coli causes 90% of urinary system infections. To guide the empirical therapy, the resistance pattern of E. coli responsible for community-acquired UTI was evaluated throughout a seven-year period in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The urine cultures of patients with urinary tract infections admitted to outpatient clinics between 1(st) January 2008 and 31(st) December 2014 were analyzed...
March 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Anam Farid, Iram Naz, Asma Ashraf, Aamir Ali, Asad-Ur Rehman, Yasra Sarwar, Abdul Haque
Staphylococci are one of the foremost causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in humans. The emergence of multiple drug resistance (MDR) among Staphylococci poses serious challenges in antimicrobial therapy for UTIs. Most work has been done on S. aureus while coagulase negative Staphylococci (mainly S. epidermidis) are often neglected. This study was conducted to establish a baseline profile of drug resistance in local S. epidermidis isolates from UTIs. Eighty urine samples were collected from suspected UTIs cases and screened for S...
2015: EXCLI journal
Rezwana Haque, Most Laila Akter, Md Abdus Salam
BACKGROUND: This investigation was aimed to determine the current status of prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of uropathogens isolated in a teaching hospital in Bangladesh. A retrospective analysis was done at the department of Microbiology of Islami Bank Medical College, Rajshahi (IBMCR), Bangladesh during January to December, 2012. Midstream clean-catch urine samples were collected from 443 suspected urinary tract infection patients of different age and sex groups. Uropathogens were identified by standard and specific microbiological techniques and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern was determined by Kirby Bauer Disc diffusion method following Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines...
2015: BMC Research Notes
O Akingbade, S Balogun, D Ojo, P Akinduti, P O Okerentugba, J C Nwanze, I O Okonko
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli has become a major threat and cause of many urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Abeokuta, Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to determine the resistant plasmids of multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from (Urinary tract infections)UTIs in Abeokuta. METHODS: A total of 120 Escherichia coli isolates were obtained from urine samples collected from patients attending inpatient and outpatient clinics presenting UTI; with their biodata...
December 2014: African Health Sciences
Sara Asadi, Mohammad Kargar, Kavous Solhjoo, Akram Najafi, Sadegh Ghorbani-Dalini
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistant strains of Escherichia coli has raised considerable interest in understanding the diversity and epidemiology of E. coli infections in humans. Virulence factors of E. coli determine the specific infections caused by this microorganism. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of eight E. coli virulence factors and their association with antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (UTI)...
May 2014: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Tian-yu Hu, Jun-yan Qu, Xiao-ju Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of 16S rRNA methylase genes in extended-spectrum-lactamascs (ESBLs)-producing Enterobacteriacea, and the correlations of 16S rRNA methylase genes with anminoglycoside resistnace. METHODS: Seventy-four ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriacea stains were isolated from urinary tract infections. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 5 aminoglycosides against the ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriacea were detected by two-fold agar dilution method...
May 2014: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
A Garraffo, C Marguet, A Checoury, S Boyer, A Gardrat, E Houivet, F Caron
OBJECTIVE: We studied antibiotic resistance in pediatric UTIs and we evaluated the impact of antibiotic exposure in the previous 12 months, very little French data being available for this population. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective study including children consulting for, or admitted in 2 hospitals. Prior antibiotic exposure was documented from their health record. RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients (73 girls), 11 days to 12 years of age, were included in 10 months...
February 2014: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Felix Oluwasola Olorunmola, Deboye Oriade Kolawole, Adebayo Lamikanra
This study determined E. coli resistance to commonly used antibiotics together with their virulence properties in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. A total of 137 E. coli isolates from cases of urinary tract infection were tested for their sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics and possession of virulence factors using standard methods. Their ability to transfer resistance was also determined. The isolates demonstrated a high and widespread resistance (51.1 % to 94.3 %) to all the antibiotics used except Nitrofurantoin (7...
2013: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Cely S Abboud, Maria Daniela Bergamasco, Ercilia Evangelista de Sousa, Eliana de Cássia Zandonadi, Doralice Cortez
At our institution, we observed an increase in the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) due to Gram-negative bacilli, including three cases of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, among patients who underwent renal transplantation. In addition to strengthening infection control measures, we chose to add gentamycin to the antibiotic prophylaxis regimen of patients undergoing renal transplantation. We assessed the number of HAI occurring within 30 days of renal transplantation during two time periods: (1) the pre-intervention period, between September 2009 and June 2010, and (2) the post-intervention period, between July 2010 and April 2011...
March 2013: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Gustav Kamenski, Gernot Wagner, Sonja Zehetmayer, Waltraud Fink, Wolfgang Spiegel, Kathryn Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) are a frequent reason for consultation of women in primary health care. To avoid therapy failure and development of resistances, the choice of an antibiotic should be based on the knowledge of recent local resistance data but these data are scarce for the Austrian primary health care sector. Within the context of the ECO·SENS II study it was the aim to obtain appropriate and relevant local resistance data and describe the changes in the resistance pattern in comparison to the ECO·SENS study...
2012: BMC Infectious Diseases
Getenet Beyene, Wondewosen Tsegaye
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections encountered by clinicians in developing countries. Area-specific monitoring studies aimed to gain knowledge about the type of pathogens responsible for urinary tract infections and their resistance patterns may help the clinician to choose the correct empirical treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the type and antibiotic resistance pattern of the urinary pathogens isolated from patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital from April to June 2010...
July 2011: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
A O Okesola, T I Aroundegbe
BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated Escherichia coli to be the most prevalent pathogen isolated in urine specimens. OBJECTIVES: This study was therefore conducted to find out whether the same holds in this environment. The study will also determine the resistance pattern of uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates to available antibiotics. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive urine samples collected from patients with clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTI) and which have significant bacteriuria were included in this study...
September 2011: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Hamid Mohammad-Jafari, Mohammed Jafar Saffar, Ibrahim Nemate, Hana Saffar, Ali-Reza Khalilian
UNLABELLED: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common infections with an increasing resistance to antimicrobial agents. PURPOSE: Empirical initial antibiotic treatment of UTI must rely on susceptible data from local studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of isolated bacteria from children with UTIs was performed at the university hospital during years 2006-2009. The findings were compared with data collected in a similar study carried out in 2002-2003...
January 2012: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Raimondo Fausto Liotta, Maria Lucia Tarantino
INTRODUCTION: The patients who undergo intermittent catheterization are at high risk of urinary tract infection. A prophylaxis method for this infection can be represented by the lubrication of urethral catheters with 0.1% gentamycin cream. This study compared the lubrication of urethral catheters with 0.1% gentamycin cream and 2% lidocaine jelly in relation to the quantitative results of the urine culture and incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infection and asymptomatic bacteriuria...
2012: Urologia
D O Awonuga, H O Dada-Adegbola, A O Fawole, F A Olala, H O Onimisi-Smith
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy is the major risk factor for symptomatic urinary tract infection during pregnancy. Screening and identification of bacteriuria during pregnancy have been recommended. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and pattern of asymptomatic bacteriuria associated with pregnancy. METHODS: The study was a descriptive, cross sectional survey of pattern of asymptomatic bacteriuria among consecutive patients presenting for the first antenatal visit at a University College Hospital, during a period of two months...
March 2011: West African Journal of Medicine
Yeon Soon Jung, Ho Sik Shin, Hark Rim
BACKGROUND: The role of chronic renal failure (CRF) in the antimicrobial resistance of uropathogens in patients with community-acquired acute pyelonephritis (APN) remains poorly understood. METHOD: We performed a retrospective analysis of 502 adults (54 men, 448 women; mean age 61.7 ± 16.0 years, range 18-98 years) who were treated for community-acquired APN at Kosin University Gospel Hospital (Busan, Republic of Korea) during a ten-year period (January 2000 to December 2009)...
2011: BMC Infectious Diseases
Alessandra Caracciolo, Alberto Bettinelli, Claudio Bonato, Clementina Isimbaldi, Alessandro Tagliabue, Laura Longoni, Mario G Bianchetti
BACKGROUND: Resistance rate of Escherichia coli against antimicrobials that are commonly prescribed in pediatric urinary tract infections is currently a matter of concern. METHODS: The antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of uropathogenic Escherichia coli strains to the common antibimcrobials ampicillin, cotrimoxazole, coamoxyclav, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, nitrofurantoin, and gentamycin were determined in 177 children aged from 2 to 36 months. They presented with their first symptomatic community acquired urinary tract infection at the Department of Pediatrics, San Leopoldo Mandic Hospital, Merate-Lecco...
2011: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
V Vanderpuye, J Yarney, K Beecham
BACKGROUND: One in ten patients on anticancer medication will develop febrile neutropenia irrespective of tumour type. There is need to protect our patients from this fatal condition while optimising chemotherapy. This may be difficult for a poor country. OBJECTIVE: to assess the management of cancer patients with febrile neutropenia in a low resource setting. METHODS: records of 20 cancer patients with febrile neutropenia (fn) over a three-year period were retrospectively analysed...
September 2010: West African Journal of Medicine
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