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gentamycin for uti

Ekaterina Kulchavenya, Andrey Cherednichenko
Background: Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is one of the great imitators; it is commonly masked by urinary tract infections (UTIs). We aimed to estimate how many UGTB patients were among patients with a long history of UTIs. Material and Methods: A total of 244 patients with recurrent UTIs and suspected UGTB were enrolled in an open, noncomparative prospective study. Their urine and expressed prostate secretion or ejaculate were cultured (a total of 1446 samples), and 421 isolates with growth of ⩾104 colony-forming units (CFU)/ml were investigated for drug resistance...
March 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
Mohammed Sbiti, Khalid Lahmadi, Lhoussaine Louzi
Urinary tract infections due to enterobacteria producing extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL-E) constitute a infectious risk, a major therapeutic challenge and can even lead, in some cases, to a deadlock beacuse of their multi-resistance to antibiotics. This study aimed to determine the epidemiological profile of uropathogenic ESBL-E and to describe their current level of resistance to antibiotics for a better patient management according to local data. We conducted a retrospective study of all ESBL-E strains isolated from all cytobacteriogical testing of urine (CBEU) treated in the Microbiology Laboratory at the Military Hospital of Moulay Ismail, Meknes over a period of three years (from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015)...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Awoke Derbie, Derese Hailu, Daniel Mekonnen, Bayeh Abera, Gashaw Yitayew
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) has been increasing since the introduction of chemotherapy. This study was aimed to assess the types of isolates from patients with UTI and to determine their current antimicrobial susceptibility profile. METHODS: A record based retrospective analysis of bacterial uropathogens processed in the period of January 2012 to December 2014 at Bahir Dar Health Research Laboratory Center (BRHRLC) was determined...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Deus Kabugo, Samuel Kizito, Dave Dhara Ashok, Kiwanuka Alexander Graham, Ronald Nabimba, Sandra Namunana, M Richard Kabaka, Beatrice Achan, Florence C Najjuka
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common medical problem affecting the general population and thus commonly encountered in medical practice, with the global burden of UTIs at about 150 million people. Because uropathogens largely originate from colonic flora, they are easy to predict, and this is the rationale for empirical treatment in Community Acquired-UTI (CA-UTIs). With the increasing prevalence of drug-resistant bacteria among adults with CA-UTI in Uganda, it is no longer adequate to manage CA-UTIs on empiric regimen without revising the susceptibility patterns of common CA-UTI causative agents...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
Wechuli Geoffrey Masika, Wendy Prudhomme O'Meara, Thomas L Holland, Janice Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: The clinical features of UTI in young children may not localize to the urinary tract and closely resemble other febrile illnesses. In malaria endemic areas, a child presenting with fever is often treated presumptively for malaria without investigation for UTI. Delayed or inadequate treatment of UTI increases the risk of bacteremia and renal scarring in young children and subsequently complications as hypertension and end stage renal disease in adulthood. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a hospital in western Kenya...
2017: PloS One
Emine Dilek Eruz, Aysun Yalci, Eriz Ozden, Halide Aslaner, Suna Ogucu-Durgun, Deniz Derya Koseoglu-Taymur, Kemal Osman Memikoglu, Hakan Erdem, Halil Kurt
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to identify risk factors for the development of infectious complications after prostate biopsy and to investigate the role of intestinal colonization of bacteria that are resistant to prophylactic antibiotics. METHODOLOGY: A total of 168 patients who had undergone transrectal prostate biopsy (TRPB) under ciprofloxacin and gentamycin prophylaxis were included in the study. Stool cultures and subsequent antibiotic susceptibility testing were performed in all patients before the start of antibiotic prophylaxis...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
Yeshwondm Mamuye
BACKGROUND: The resistance of bacteria causing urinary tract infection (UTI) to commonly prescribed antibiotics is increasing both in developing and developed countries. Resistance has emerged even to more potent antimicrobial agents. This study was undertaken to determine the current antibiotic resistance pattern among common bacterial uropathogens in St.paul's Hospital Millennium Medical College. METHODS: Using cross sectional study design, a total of 217 female and 207 male participants were consecutively recruited...
March 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Tomasz A Leski, Chris R Taitt, Umaru Bangura, Michael G Stockelman, Rashid Ansumana, William H Cooper, David A Stenger, Gary J Vora
BACKGROUND: The rising level of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial pathogens is one of the most significant public health problems globally. While the antibiotic resistance of clinically important bacteria is closely tracked in many developed countries, the types and levels of resistance and multidrug resistance (MDR) among pathogens currently circulating in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa are virtually unknown. METHODS: From December 2013 to April 2014, we collected 93 urine specimens from all outpatients showing symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) and 189 fomite swabs from a small hospital in Bo, Sierra Leone...
April 18, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nisel Yılmaz, Neval Ağuş, Arzu Bayram, Pınar Şamlıoğlu, M Cem Şirin, Yeşer Karaca Derici, Sevgi Yılmaz Hancı
OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most frequently seen community-acquired infections worldwide. E. coli causes 90% of urinary system infections. To guide the empirical therapy, the resistance pattern of E. coli responsible for community-acquired UTI was evaluated throughout a seven-year period in this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The urine cultures of patients with urinary tract infections admitted to outpatient clinics between 1(st) January 2008 and 31(st) December 2014 were analyzed...
March 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Anam Farid, Iram Naz, Asma Ashraf, Aamir Ali, Asad-Ur Rehman, Yasra Sarwar, Abdul Haque
Staphylococci are one of the foremost causes of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in humans. The emergence of multiple drug resistance (MDR) among Staphylococci poses serious challenges in antimicrobial therapy for UTIs. Most work has been done on S. aureus while coagulase negative Staphylococci (mainly S. epidermidis) are often neglected. This study was conducted to establish a baseline profile of drug resistance in local S. epidermidis isolates from UTIs. Eighty urine samples were collected from suspected UTIs cases and screened for S...
2015: EXCLI Journal
Rezwana Haque, Most Laila Akter, Md Abdus Salam
BACKGROUND: This investigation was aimed to determine the current status of prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of uropathogens isolated in a teaching hospital in Bangladesh. A retrospective analysis was done at the department of Microbiology of Islami Bank Medical College, Rajshahi (IBMCR), Bangladesh during January to December, 2012. Midstream clean-catch urine samples were collected from 443 suspected urinary tract infection patients of different age and sex groups. Uropathogens were identified by standard and specific microbiological techniques and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern was determined by Kirby Bauer Disc diffusion method following Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines...
2015: BMC Research Notes
O Akingbade, S Balogun, D Ojo, P Akinduti, P O Okerentugba, J C Nwanze, I O Okonko
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli has become a major threat and cause of many urinary tract infections (UTIs) in Abeokuta, Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to determine the resistant plasmids of multidrug resistant Escherichia coli isolated from (Urinary tract infections)UTIs in Abeokuta. METHODS: A total of 120 Escherichia coli isolates were obtained from urine samples collected from patients attending inpatient and outpatient clinics presenting UTI; with their biodata...
December 2014: African Health Sciences
Sara Asadi, Mohammad Kargar, Kavous Solhjoo, Akram Najafi, Sadegh Ghorbani-Dalini
BACKGROUND: The emergence of antimicrobial resistant strains of Escherichia coli has raised considerable interest in understanding the diversity and epidemiology of E. coli infections in humans. Virulence factors of E. coli determine the specific infections caused by this microorganism. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of eight E. coli virulence factors and their association with antimicrobial resistance in bacteria isolated from patients with urinary tract infections (UTI)...
May 2014: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Tian-yu Hu, Jun-yan Qu, Xiao-ju Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of 16S rRNA methylase genes in extended-spectrum-lactamascs (ESBLs)-producing Enterobacteriacea, and the correlations of 16S rRNA methylase genes with anminoglycoside resistnace. METHODS: Seventy-four ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriacea stains were isolated from urinary tract infections. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 5 aminoglycosides against the ESBLs-producing Enterobacteriacea were detected by two-fold agar dilution method...
May 2014: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
A Garraffo, C Marguet, A Checoury, S Boyer, A Gardrat, E Houivet, F Caron
OBJECTIVE: We studied antibiotic resistance in pediatric UTIs and we evaluated the impact of antibiotic exposure in the previous 12 months, very little French data being available for this population. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter prospective study including children consulting for, or admitted in 2 hospitals. Prior antibiotic exposure was documented from their health record. RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients (73 girls), 11 days to 12 years of age, were included in 10 months...
February 2014: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Felix Oluwasola Olorunmola, Deboye Oriade Kolawole, Adebayo Lamikanra
This study determined E. coli resistance to commonly used antibiotics together with their virulence properties in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. A total of 137 E. coli isolates from cases of urinary tract infection were tested for their sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics and possession of virulence factors using standard methods. Their ability to transfer resistance was also determined. The isolates demonstrated a high and widespread resistance (51.1 % to 94.3 %) to all the antibiotics used except Nitrofurantoin (7...
2013: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
Cely S Abboud, Maria Daniela Bergamasco, Ercilia Evangelista de Sousa, Eliana de Cássia Zandonadi, Doralice Cortez
At our institution, we observed an increase in the incidence of healthcare-associated infections (HAI) due to Gram-negative bacilli, including three cases of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, among patients who underwent renal transplantation. In addition to strengthening infection control measures, we chose to add gentamycin to the antibiotic prophylaxis regimen of patients undergoing renal transplantation. We assessed the number of HAI occurring within 30 days of renal transplantation during two time periods: (1) the pre-intervention period, between September 2009 and June 2010, and (2) the post-intervention period, between July 2010 and April 2011...
March 2013: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Gustav Kamenski, Gernot Wagner, Sonja Zehetmayer, Waltraud Fink, Wolfgang Spiegel, Kathryn Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) are a frequent reason for consultation of women in primary health care. To avoid therapy failure and development of resistances, the choice of an antibiotic should be based on the knowledge of recent local resistance data but these data are scarce for the Austrian primary health care sector. Within the context of the ECO·SENS II study it was the aim to obtain appropriate and relevant local resistance data and describe the changes in the resistance pattern in comparison to the ECO·SENS study...
2012: BMC Infectious Diseases
Getenet Beyene, Wondewosen Tsegaye
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections encountered by clinicians in developing countries. Area-specific monitoring studies aimed to gain knowledge about the type of pathogens responsible for urinary tract infections and their resistance patterns may help the clinician to choose the correct empirical treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the type and antibiotic resistance pattern of the urinary pathogens isolated from patients attending Jimma University Specialized Hospital from April to June 2010...
July 2011: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
A O Okesola, T I Aroundegbe
BACKGROUND: Various studies have indicated Escherichia coli to be the most prevalent pathogen isolated in urine specimens. OBJECTIVES: This study was therefore conducted to find out whether the same holds in this environment. The study will also determine the resistance pattern of uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates to available antibiotics. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive urine samples collected from patients with clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTI) and which have significant bacteriuria were included in this study...
September 2011: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
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