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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331294/-study-of-the-results-scleral-fixated-intraocular-lenses-in-the-absence-of-capsular-support
#1
A Benarous, A Drimbea, S Milazzo
INTRODUCTION: In the absence of sufficient capsular support, scleral fixation of the intraocular lens is an interesting alternative. The goal is to evaluate this implantation technique when traditional implantation is impossible. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an observational, retrospective, monocentric study at the Amiens university medical center between August 2013 and March 2016. Patients all underwent scleral fixation of a three-piece implant without suturing of the haptics, after posterior vitrectomy...
January 10, 2018: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330975/emergency-inguinal-hernia-repair-comparison-of-desarda-s-versus-darning-technique
#2
Adeel Hussain, Syed Mehsam, Mansab Ali, Shahid Rasul, Sughra Parveen, Ahson Memon
BACKGROUND: Emergency inguinal hernia repair remains the commonest operation performed by general surgeons all over the world. The aim of this study was to compare the mean operative time, post-operative pain, wound infection and early recurrence between Desarda's and Darning emergency inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial conducted at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi. A total of 186 patients of male gender between ages 20-60 years with incarcerated, obstructed and strangulated inguinal hernia were enrolled in the study...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#3
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#4
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327631/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-a-scoping-review
#5
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Christine Lay, Sarah E P Munce
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences are significant risk factors for physical and mental illnesses in adulthood. Traumatic brain injury/concussion is a challenging condition where pre-injury factors may affect recovery. The association between childhood adversity and traumatic brain injury/concussion has not been previously reviewed. The research question addressed is: What is known from the existing literature about the association between adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS: All original studies of any type published in English since 2007 on adverse childhood experiences and traumatic brain injury/concussion outcomes were included...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323836/segmental-arterial-mediolysis-an-unusual-case-mistaken-to-be-a-strangulated-hernia
#6
Russell D Japikse, James E Sevenson, Perry J Pickhardt, Michael D Repplinger
INTRODUCTION: Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is a rare nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vasculopathy causing arterial wall necrosis that leads to strictures, dissections, and aneurysms, particularly in medium-sized abdominal arteries. Awareness of SAM is important because, unlike vasculitides, immunosuppressive treatment may worsen the disease process. CASE: A 58-year-old man with multiple medical comorbidities presented with acute epigastric pain and a right incarcerated inguinal hernia that was interpreted as showing bowel strangulation on computed tomography...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316322/incarcerated-obturator-hernia-treated-using-a-hybrid-laparoscopic-and-anterior-preperitoneal-approach-a-case-report
#7
Yuta Yamazaki, Yasunori Otowa, Shunsuke Kusano, Koichi Nakajima, Shinsuke Satake, Yoshisada Yamasaki
Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction. Although several surgical approaches, including the laparoscopic approach, have been reported to date, a standard approach for treating OH has not been established. A 101-year-old woman who presented with constipation and vomiting was admitted to our hospital. CT revealed an incarcerated small bowel within the left obturator foramen, and a diagnosis of left-sided incarcerated OH with small bowel ileus was made. With the patient under general anesthesia, exploratory laparoscopy was performed; we identified an OH with an incarcerated small bowel, which was judged viable after hernia reduction...
January 8, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315321/inner-cell-mass-incarceration-in-8-shaped-blastocysts-does-not-increase-monozygotic-twinning-in-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-and-screening-patients
#8
Yi-Fan Gu, Qin-Wei Zhou, Shuo-Ping Zhang, Chang-Fu Lu, Fei Gong, Yue-Qiu Tan, Guang-Xiu Lu, Ge Lin
BACKGROUND: The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been reported to increase the incidence of monozygotic twinning (MZT) compared with the incidence following natural conception. It has been hypothesized that splitting of the inner cell mass (ICM) through a small zona hole may result in MZT. In this study, using a cohort of patients undergoing preimplantation genetic diagnosis/screening (PGD/PGS), we compared the clinical and neonatal outcomes of human 8-shaped blastocysts hatching with ICM incarceration with partially or fully hatched blastocysts, and attempted to verify whether this phenomenon increases the incidence of MZT pregnancy or negatively impact newborns...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309330/outcomes-of-ventral-hernia-repair-with-concomitant-panniculectomy
#9
Colton H L McNichols, Silviu Diaconu, Yuanyuan Liang, Eseigboria Ikheloa, Shivum Kumar, Saahil Kumar, Arthur Nam, Yvonne Rasko
PURPOSE: Combined ventral hernia repair and panniculectomy (VHR/PAN) is controversial, and the safety profile including anticipated complications has been questioned. We present a retrospective case series review of patients from the University of Maryland Medical Center to help surgeons counsel patients on the risks and benefits of this procedure. METHODS: A retrospective database was collected using current procedural terminology codes for VHR/PAN. The patient-specific variables that were studied include the following: sex, body mass index (BMI), smoking, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cirrhosis, immunosuppression, length of operation, acute incarcerated hernias, hernia size and location, mesh size and location, pannus weight, concomitant component separation, use of negative-pressure wound therapy, intestinal violation, follow-up duration, ventral hernia working group, history of bariatric surgery, previous hernia repair, skin dehiscence, skin necrosis, chronic wound, surgical site infection, seroma, hematoma, fascial dehiscence, hernia recurrence, unplanned return to operating room, and medical complication...
January 5, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306170/early-age-at-childhood-parental-incarceration-and-sti-hiv-related-drug-use-and-sex-risk-across-the-young-adult-lifecourse-in-the-us-heightened-vulnerability-of-black-and-hispanic-youth
#10
Maria R Khan, Joy D Scheidell, David L Rosen, Amanda Geller, Laurie M Brotman
BACKGROUND: We measured associations between parental incarceration and STI/HIV-related drug use and sex risk, assessing differences by race, age at first parental incarceration, and potential mediators of the relationship. METHODS: We used Waves I (adolescence), III (young adulthood), and IV (adulthood) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 11,884) to measure associations between age of parental incarceration (never; <8; 8-17; ≥18 years old) and marijuana and cocaine use, multiple partnerships, and STI in adolescence and adulthood among white, Black, and Hispanic participants and assessed mediation by sexual and physical abuse, mental disorder symptoms, and drug use...
November 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303039/an-intervention-for-reducing-the-sexual-risk-of-men-released-from-jails
#11
Samantha P Williams, Ranell L Myles, Charles C Sperling, Delicia Carey
Incarceration history can affect sexual health behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of a prevention intervention tailored for post-incarcerated men was administered in a reentry setting. Men ≤45 days post release were recruited into a five-session intervention study. Participants ( N = 255) were assessed and tested for three sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and HIV at baseline and 3 months post-intervention and followed up for 3 more months. The intervention group's STD risks knowledge ( p < .001), partner communication about condoms ( p < ...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303035/reducing-hospital-readmissions-among-incarcerated-patients
#12
Clarence Cryer
In many health care settings, hospital readmissions represent poor quality and increased costs. The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation includes reduced readmission rates among key performance indicators for the quality of care provided to inmates. More than 25% of the institutions continue to face challenges in minimizing these occurrences. Despite historic deficiencies, the California Substance Abuse Treatment Facility and State Prison at Corcoran reduced 30-day readmissions over a 2-year period...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299681/concerns-about-lung-cancer-among-prisoners
#13
Luc Renault, Emmanuel Perrot, Eric Pradat, Christophe Bartoli, Laurent Greillier, Anne Remacle-Bonnet, Norbert Telmon, Julien Mazières, Laurent Molinier, Sébastien Couraud
BACKGROUND: Few studies have looked at lung cancer in prisoners, despite this population is possibly at increased risk of malignancy. In a previous study, we found an early onset of lung cancer in prisoners. Thus, the present CARCAN study was aimed at assessing the epidemiological characteristics, management, prognosis, and incidence of lung cancer in prisoners compared to a sample of non-prisoner patients. METHOD: We performed a multi-center observational case-control study...
January 3, 2018: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#14
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295011/the-association-among-parental-bonding-depression-social-aggression-and-criminal-assault-are-there-gender-differences-between-male-and-female-youth-offenders
#15
John Tisak, Marie S Tisak, Erin R Baker, Kelly E Amrhein, Cjersti Jensen
This research examined similarities and differences in gender regarding social aggression, criminal assault, depression, and familial factors. The participants were 251 youth offenders (158 males) who were arrested and incarcerated in a juvenile facility. The measures consisted of self-reported acts of social aggression, simple and aggravated assault, subtypes of depression, and self-reports on parental care and control. Our data demonstrate the importance of including gender, types of aggression/assault, subtypes of depression, and familial factors when examining their association...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294975/analyze-this-thematic-analysis-hostility-attribution-of-intent-and-interpersonal-perception-bias
#16
Zhana Karadenizova, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Research suggests that aggressive individuals exhibit a strong tendency to attribute hostile intent to the behavior of others when confronted with an ambiguous social situation. The vignettes method has become a standard procedure to assess hostile attributions. Vignettes represent incomplete ambiguous social stories, in which the subjects experience a negative outcome and are asked to attribute intent to the provocateur's action. This article explores the ways in which subjects perceive ambiguous social situations and other people's intentions, their tendency to refer negative outcome to oneself, and the components defining hostility in the interpersonal relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294784/can-i-ask-for-help-the-relationship-among-incarcerated-males-sexual-orientation-sexual-abuse-history-and-perceptions-of-rape-in-prison
#17
Mina Ratkalkar, Cassandra A Atkin-Plunk
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Although subsequent research to PREA has shed light on the prevalence and incidence of sexual violence in American prisons, few studies examine inmates' perceptions of rape and safety from rape in prison. Even less is known about how inmates' perceptions of rape influence mental health treatment-seeking behavior during incarceration. Using a sample of incarcerated men, this study adds to the limited body of research by examining the perceived fear of rape and mental health treatment-seeking behavior in two vulnerable prison populations-gay and bisexual inmates and inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294686/working-alliance-and-psychopathy-linkages-to-treatment-outcome-in-a-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#18
Danielle R DeSorcy, Mark E Olver, J Stephen Wormith
The present study examined the working alliance, as measured by the full-length Working Alliance Inventory (WAI), and its association with psychopathy, treatment completion, and recidivism in a sample of 111 incarcerated adult male sexual offenders. The men completed the WAI 3 months into their treatment program, while psychopathy was measured via file-based ratings of the Hare's Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R), and outcome data were collected via the Canadian Police Information Centre. The majority (85%) of high PCL-R scoring men (PCL-R 25+) successfully completed their treatment program, and by and large, the men demonstrated strong working alliances with their primary therapists...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294660/gender-differences-in-complex-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-their-relationship-to-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-outcomes-in-incarcerated-adults
#19
Paulette Giarratano, Julian D Ford, Thomas H Nochajski
Complex trauma (CT; for example, childhood abuse) has been associated with significant behavioral health problems (i.e., mental health and substance use disorders) and symptoms that are consistent with complex posttraumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD). CT is prevalent in adult forensic populations, and particularly important for women as they tend to report more adverse consequences of exposure to traumatic stressors and are entering the criminal justice system at a heightened rate compared with men. However, no studies have empirically tested the relationship among CT, C-PTSD, and behavioral health problems with gender among incarcerated adults...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285632/infant-health-and-future-childhood-adversity
#20
Nancy E Reichman, Hope Corman, Kelly Noonan, Manuel E Jiménez
Objective To investigate the extent to which disabling infant health conditions are associated with adverse childhood experiences at age 5. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a national urban birth cohort. We estimated logistic regression models of associations between the presence of a disabling infant health condition and the child's ACE exposures at age 5, controlling for factors that preceded the child's birth, including the mother's sociodemographic characteristics, physical health, mental illness, and substance abuse and the parents' criminal justice system involvement and domestic violence or sexual abuse...
December 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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