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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148580/ultrasound-guided-reduction-of-an-incarcerated-obturator-hernia-in-an-elderly-patient
#1
Bente M de Kok, Julien B C M Puylaert, Frank M Zijta
Obturator hernia is a rare but clinically relevant cause of intestinal obstruction, usually found in elderly, thin, multiparous women. It is difficult to diagnose, leading to diagnostic delay with a high incidence of strangulation and a high mortality rate. Surgery is the only reported treatment. We report the case of an 86-year-old woman, in whom an early diagnosis of incarcerated obturator hernia was made with subsequent reduction by compression with an ultrasound transducer. When the risk of strangulation is presumed to be low, ultrasound-guided reduction of an obturator hernia is achievable and worth considering...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143673/the-heptestcontest-a-global-innovation-contest-to-identify-approaches-to-hepatitis-b-and-c-testing
#2
Joseph D Tucker, Kathrine Meyers, John Best, Karyn Kaplan, Razia Pendse, Kevin A Fenton, Isabelle Andrieux-Meyer, Carmen Figueroa, Pedro Goicochea, Charles Gore, Azumi Ishizaki, Giten Khwairakpam, Veronica Miller, Antons Mozalevskis, Michael Ninburg, Ponsiano Ocama, Rosanna Peeling, Nick Walsh, Massimo G Colombo, Philippa Easterbrook
BACKGROUND: Innovation contests are a novel approach to elicit good ideas and innovative practices in various areas of public health. There remains limited published literature on approaches to deliver hepatitis testing. The purpose of this innovation contest was to identify examples of different hepatitis B and C approaches to support countries in their scale-up of hepatitis testing and to supplement development of formal recommendations on service delivery in the 2017 World Health Organization hepatitis B and C testing guidelines...
November 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138668/-left-paraduodenal-hernia-a-rare-cause-of-bowel-obstruction
#3
Mohammed Alila, Abdelouahab Marouni, Imane Toughrai
We here report two cases of acute bowel obstruction. Emergency intervention showed left obstructive paraduodenal hernia causing volvulus with necrosis of the incarcerated intestinal loops in one patient who underwent one-time anastomosis resection and suffering but viable small bowel in the second patient treated by incarcerated intestinal loop reduction and obturation of the orifice of the hernial canal. We here highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic features of this rare condition.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135795/families-and-the-juvenile-justice-system-considerations-for-family-based-interventions
#4
Bita Amani, Norweeta G Milburn, Susana Lopez, Angela Young-Brinn, Lourdes Castro, Alex Lee, Eraka Bath
We conducted focus groups with defense lawyers, clinicians, and education advocates to gather their perspectives on families' experiences with the juvenile justice system. Our quantitative descriptive analysis identified a range of themes such as discussions about the poor treatment of families as well as recommendations for a shifting of power to families. These perspectives may provide insights about the context in which families are expected to participate in interventions, meet probationary demands, and provide for their youth's well-being...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133662/a-tiny-tick-can-cause-a-big-health-problem
#5
Manuel John, M Raman, Keith Ryan
Ticks are tiny crawling bugs in the spider family that feed by sucking blood from animals. They are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of human disease, both infectious and toxic. Infected ticks spread over a hundred diseases, some of which are fatal if undetected. They spread the spirochete (which multiplies in the insect's gut) with a subsequent bite to the next host. We describe the only reported cases of peri ocular tick bite from India that presented to us within a span of 3 days and its management. Due suspicion and magnification of the lesions revealed the ticks which otherwise masqueraded as small skin tags/moles on gross examination...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132525/hepatitis-c-a-new-era
#6
REVIEW
Dee Ann Bragg, Ashley Crowl, Emily Manlove
More than 2 million Americans are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), and only about half are aware that they are infected. Primarily blood-borne, risk factors for the virus include injection or intranasal drug use, unregulated tattoos, incarceration, and blood transfusion before 1992. In addition, 75% of those with the virus were born between 1945 and 1965, thus making the baby-boomer cohort a population of screening interest. Because acute and early chronic HCV are often asymptomatic, screening of at-risk individuals is of utmost importance...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130147/callous-unemotional-traits-modulate-brain-drug-craving-response-in-high-risk-young-offenders
#7
Gina M Vincent, Lora M Cope, Jean King, Prashanth Nyalakanti, Kent A Kiehl
Adults with psychopathy have a high propensity for substance abuse, generally starting from a young age. This investigation tested hypotheses about differences in the neural responses associated with drug craving among high-risk young offenders with histories of abuse of stimulants and other drugs as a function of psychopathic traits. Fifty-four male adolescents (44 with a history of stimulant abuse and 10 controls) incarcerated at a maximum-security facility (M age = 17.08 years) completed a drug-cue exposure task while brain hemodynamic activity was monitored using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a mobile MRI scanner stationed at the facility...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127966/inguinal-hernia
#8
REVIEW
Sophia Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Todd A Ponsky
Laparoscopy is a safe and effective technique in the repair of inguinal hernias. This article describes the different laparoscopic herniorrhaphy technique, as well as controversial topics, such as premature infants, contralateral repair, and incarcerated hernias.
December 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124683/the-21st-century-cures-act-implications-for-the-reduction-of-racial-health-disparities-in-the-us-criminal-justice-system-a-public-health-approach
#9
Donna M Cole, Dawna Marie Thomas, Kelsi Field, Amelia Wool, Taryn Lipiner, Natalie Massenberg, Barbara J Guthrie
Past drug epidemics have disproportionately criminalized drug addiction among African Americans, leading to disparate health outcomes, increased rates of HIV/AIDS, and mass incarceration. Conversely, the current opioid addiction crisis in the USA focuses primarily on white communities and is being addressed as a public health problem. The 21st Century Cures Act has the potential to reduce racial health disparities in the criminal justice system through the Act's public health approach to addiction and mental health issues...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121811/evidence-for-two-levels-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-aggression-among-incarcerated-young-male-violent-offenders
#10
Anna-Kari Sjödin, Märta Wallinius, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Thomas Nilsson
Furthering knowledge of the subset of incarcerated partner violent offenders distinguished by aggression, anger, and hostility is relevant, as these offenders are guilty of the more severe kinds of intimate partner violence (IPV). Our aim was to identify groups with different patterns of IPV among convicted young Swedish male offenders, using data from the Development of Aggressive Antisocial Behavior Study, including 171 young men (18-25 years) convicted of a violent crime. Cluster analysis was used to identify different clusters based on amount and severity of IPV in combination with measures of anger, hostility, aggression, and psychopathic personality traits...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121810/the-relationship-between-grandiosity-psychopathy-and-narcissism-in-an-offender-sample
#11
Kristen M Klipfel, David S Kosson
Clinical accounts suggest grandiosity is an important characteristic of both psychopathy and narcissism. This study examined the relationships between grandiosity and each of these personality disorder syndromes, using a novel index, namely the Grandiosity Index. Seventy-five incarcerated males completed clinical interviews of psychopathy and narcissism and a self-report inventory of narcissism and were rated on interpersonal measures of psychopathy and narcissism. Trained research assistants rated participants on the Grandiosity Index...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117858/measuring-improvement-in-knowledge-of-drug-policy-reforms-following-a-police-education-program-in-tijuana-mexico
#12
J Arredondo, S A Strathdee, J Cepeda, D Abramovitz, I Artamonova, E Clairgue, E Bustamante, M L Mittal, T Rocha, A Bañuelos, H O Olivarria, M Morales, G Rangel, C Magis, L Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Mexico's 2009 "narcomenudeo reform" decriminalized small amounts of drugs, shifting some drug law enforcement to the states and mandating drug treatment diversion instead of incarceration. Data from Tijuana suggested limited implementation of this harm reduction-oriented policy. We studied whether a police education program (PEP) improved officers' drug and syringe policy knowledge, and aimed to identify participant characteristics associated with improvement of drug policy knowledge...
November 8, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116637/epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis
#13
Anna S Dean, Helen Cox, Matteo Zignol
As we move into the era of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the End TB strategy 2016-2035 with a goal to end the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) by 2035. Achieving the targets laid out in the Strategy will require strengthening of the whole TB diagnosis and treatment cascade, including improved case detection, the establishment of universal drug susceptibility testing and rapid treatment initiation. An estimated 3.9% of new TB cases and 21% of previously treated cases had rifampicin-resistant (RR) or multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB in 2015...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110546/problem-gambling-among-australian-male-prisoners-lifetime-prevalence-help-seeking-and-association-with-incarceration-and-aboriginality
#14
Ben J Riley, Amii Larsen, Malcolm Battersby, Peter Harvey
Prisoners represent a group containing the highest problem gambling (PG) rate found in any population. PG is of particular concern among Indigenous Australians. Little data exist concerning PG rates among Indigenous Australian prisoners. The present study aimed to address this gap in the literature by examining the lifetime prevalence of PG among male prisoners, whilst identifying prisoners of Aboriginal background. The EIGHT Gambling Screen (Early Intervention Gambling Health Test) was administered to 296 prisoners across three male prisons in South Australia...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109391/occult-spigelian-hernia-presenting-as-inability-to-complete-colon-cancer-screening-in-a-patient-with-a-history-of-rectal-cancer
#15
Daniel Persinger, Marc D Basson
BACKGROUND While it is well known that abdominal wall hernias can pose obstacles for colonoscopy, these may not be obvious in obese patients, particularly when the hernia is in an unusual place. CASE REPORT A 62-year-old man presented with inability to complete colon cancer screening by means of colonoscopy or barium enema. On exam, he was noted to have a Spigelian hernia present in his left lower quadrant abdominal wall. CT colonography identified incarcerated sigmoid colon within the hernia accounting for his inability to complete colonoscopy or barium enema...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106791/possibilities-of-objective-identification-of-meniscoids-in-joint-blocks-of-the-axial-system-by-mri-and-transfer-vibration-through-the-spine
#16
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify the meniscoids of the cervical spine using in-vivo MRI imaging and to determine their potential role in the development of functional joint blocks of the axial system (AS). Another objective was to find out how the articular blocks affect the rheological properties of the spine by the Transfer Vibration through the Spine (TVS) method. METHOD: In this study were used methods TVS and MRI. The study was conducted on a research file of 12 subjects and was conceived as a pilot one...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105203/self-reported-injection-practices-among-people-who-use-drugs-in-french-prisons-public-health-implications-anrs-coquelicot-survey-2011-2013
#17
Laurent Michel, Philippe Trouiller, Aude Chollet, Marie Molinier, Lucie Duchesne, Marie Jauffret-Roustide
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to describe the prevalences of injection practices and needle/syringe sharing in people who use drugs in French prisons, and to investigate associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the ANRS-Coquelicot survey (2011-2013), a random sample of 1718 people who used drugs in free society was included. Information regarding a history of incarceration, drug-injection practices inside prison and needle/syringe sharing was collected during interviews...
November 3, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104322/incarceration-and-relative-poverty-in-cross-national-perspective-the-moderating-roles-of-female-employment-and-the-welfare-state
#18
Aaron Gottlieb
A growing body of scholarship explores how incarceration contributes to inequality. The majority of this scholarship focuses on individual-level outcomes or aggregate outcomes within the United States. Despite substantial cross-national variation in incarceration rates, we know little about whether these differences contribute to cross-national variation in inequality outcomes. Using data from the period 1971-2010 from 15 advanced democracies, this study begins to fill this gap by exploring whether cross-national differences in incarceration rates help to explain cross-national differences in relative poverty rates...
June 2017: Social Service Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103371/prolonged-incarceration-and-prisoners-wellbeing-livid-experiences-of-awaiting-trial-pre-trial-remand-prisoners-in-nigeria
#19
Charles T Orjiakor, Dorothy I Ugwu, John E Eze, Leonard I Ugwu, Peace N Ibeagha, Desmond U Onu
PURPOSE: Awaiting trial prisoners (ATPs) are represented in prisons globally, and may stay for long periods in detention. This group is however underrepresented in literature on incarcerated persons. We aim to explore the lived experiences of ATPs detained for prolonged years in a sub-Saharan country; examining what they make of their status and how their conditions have affected their wellbeing. METHOD: Eight inmates awaiting trial for armed robbery and murder offences, held for between 8 years and 15 years participated in a focus group discussion...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098720/a-potential-new-form-of-jail-diversion-and-reconnection-to-mental-health-services-i-stakeholders-views-on-acceptability
#20
Michael T Compton, Brooke Halpern, Beth Broussard, Simone Anderson, Kelly Smith, Samantha Ellis, Kara Griffin, Luca Pauselli, Neely Myers
The most effective point of intervention to prevent unnecessary arrest/incarceration of persons with serious mental illnesses is the initial encounter with police. We piloted a new police-mental health linkage system. When officers run an enrolled participant's name/identifiers, they receive an electronic message that the person has mental health considerations and that they should call for information. The linkage specialist receives the call and assists telephonically. In this qualitative study to examine acceptability of the linkage system, we conducted nine focus groups with diverse stakeholders (e...
November 2, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
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