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Incarceration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453525/high-mortality-among-male-hiv-infected-patients-after-prison-release-art-is-not-enough-after-incarceration-with-hiv
#1
Florence Huber, Alice Merceron, Yoann Madec, Gueda Gadio, Vincent About, Agathe Pastre, Isabelle Coupez, Antoine Adenis, Leila Adriouch, Mathieu Nacher
CONTEXT: French Guiana is a South American French territory, where HIV prevalence consistently exceeds 1% in the adult population. In the only correctional facility, HIV prevalence fluctuates at around 4%. AIMS: After describing the population of HIV-positive inmates, we aimed to evaluate mortality after release from the correctional facility, and to identify its predictive factors. RATIONALE: Outside North American settings, data on treatment outcome and vital status of HIV-positive former inmates are scarce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449513/thoracoscopic-management-of-incarcerated-lung-herniation-after-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Ting-Yen Chiang, Ming-Fang Yin, Shun-Mao Yang, Ke-Cheng Chen
Traumatic lung herniation is a rare condition that is usually treated with thoracotomy and pericostal fixation of adjacent ribs with sutures. We described a traumatic lung herniation case successfully managed with hernia reduction and double-layered repair of the intrathoracic defect, completed via a total thoracoscopic approach.
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445099/laparoscopic-spigelian-hernia-repair-intraperitoneal-onlay-mesh-plus-technique-video-presentation
#3
Dimitrios Zacharoulis, Eleni Sioka
BACKGROUND: Spigelian hernia represents a rare entity. Traditionally, it was repaired by the open technique. Various laparoscopic techniques have emerged periodically. Most laparoscopic repairs use the technique of placing an intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM). There is currently a tendency to close the hernia defect. METHODS: A 68-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of vague abdominal pain and discomfort. Physical examination revealed a bulky palpable mass on the left side of the patient...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444423/canal-of-nuck-hernia-a-multimodality-imaging-review
#4
REVIEW
Mitchell A Rees, James E Squires, Sameh Tadros, Judy H Squires
Canal of Nuck abnormalities are a rare but important cause of morbidity in girls, most often those younger than 5 years of age. The canal of Nuck, which is the female equivalent of the male processus vaginalis, is a protrusion of parietal peritoneum that extends through the inguinal canal and terminates in the labia majora. The canal typically obliterates early in life, but in some cases the canal can partially or completely fail to close, potentially resulting in a hydrocele or hernia of pelvic contents. Recognition of this entity is especially important in cases of ovarian hernia due to the risk of incarceration and torsion...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441281/incarcerated-medial-epicondyle-fractures-with-elbow-dislocation-risk-factors-associated-with-morbidity
#5
Carley Vuillermin, Kyna S Donohue, Patricia Miller, Andrea S Bauer, Dennis E Kramer, Yi-Meng Yen
BACKGROUND: Incarcerated medial epicondyle fractures in association with elbow trauma are rare and an absolute indication for intervention. Because of the infrequent nature, outcomes following this injury are not well documented. We studied a large cohort of these injuries to determine factors associated with functional outcomes. It was hypothesized that a greater duration between initial presentation and time of surgery would lead to poorer outcomes. METHODS: A total of 32 patients aged 18 and under who underwent surgical treatment for an incarcerated medical epicondyle fracture at a level-1 pediatric trauma center from 2003 to 2015 were identified...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440855/accuracy-of-current-diagnostic-criteria-for-acute-bacterial-infection-in-older-adults-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Jeffrey M Caterino, Robert Leininger, David M Kline, Lauren T Southerland, Salman Khaliqdina, Christopher W Baugh, Daniel J Pallin, Kurt B Stevenson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the accuracy of the Loeb criteria, emergency department (ED) physicians' diagnoses, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines for acute bacterial infection in older adults with a criterion standard expert review. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Urban, tertiary-care ED. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older in the ED, excluding those who were incarcerated, underwent a trauma, did not speak English, or were unable to consent...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437672/eosinophilic-funiculitis-initially-diagnosed-as-irreducible-inguinal-hernia-a-case-report
#7
Kohei Yamada, Akashi Ikubo, Shota Ikeda, Satoko Koga, Yasuhiro Tsuru, Hideo Kuroki, Naohiko Koya, Ryuichiro Samejima, Masashi Sakai, Masanobu Tabuchi, Seiji Yunotani, Shinichi Kido, Kazushige Nishimura, Hiroyuki Meiri
BACKGROUND: Most groin masses are first suspected to be groin hernias. More than 80% of bulging groin lesions are reportedly diagnosed as hernias by ultrasonography. Establishment of the correct diagnosis of hernia among all differential diagnoses is not easy. We herein describe a very rare case of groin eosinophilic funiculitis that presented as an irreducible groin hernia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man presented to our hospital with suspicion of a right groin hernia...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435785/impact-of-a-brief-intervention-on-cervical-health-literacy-a-waitlist-control-study-with-jailed-women
#8
Megha Ramaswamy, Jaehoon Lee, Joi Wickliffe, Molly Allison, Amanda Emerson, Patricia J Kelly
Jailed women are four-five times more likely to have had cervical cancer compared to women without criminal justice histories. Previous research has shown that an important contributor to cervical cancer risk, and perhaps lack of follow-up, is incarcerated women's low health literacy about broader reproductive health issues. Little work has been done to address this disparity. Thus, the objective of this study was to test the effectiveness of an intervention to improve incarcerated women's cervical health literacy and ultimately address cervical cancer disparities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435584/intra-articular-entrapment-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-fragment-in-elbow-joint-dislocation-causing-ulnar-neuropraxia-a-case-report
#9
J Syed, A R Zamri, S Jamaluddin, J K Ruben, M Gopindran
Traumatic elbow dislocations in children are rare but most of them are complex dislocations, and in such dislocations, medial humerus epicondyle fractureis the most common associated injury. Fracture incarceration in the elbow joint occurs in 5-18% of medial humerus epicondyle fractures but ulnar neuropraxia is very rare. Open reduction internal fixation is indicated in medial humerus epicondyle fracture with fracture incarceration, ulnar neuropraxia, marked instability or open fracture. Operative treatment options include fragment excision and sutures, closed or open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, open reduction and suture fixation, open reduction and smooth pin fixation, and open reduction and screw fixation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434654/compulsive-addiction-like-aggressive-behavior-in-mice
#10
Sam A Golden, Conor Heins, Marco Venniro, Daniele Caprioli, Michelle Zhang, David H Epstein, Yavin Shaham
BACKGROUND: Some people are highly motivated to seek aggressive encounters, and among those who have been incarcerated for such behavior, recidivism rates are high. These observations echo two core features of drug addiction: high motivation to seek addictive substances, despite adverse consequences, and high relapse rates. Here we used established rodent models of drug addiction to determine whether they would be sensitive to "addiction-like" features of aggression in CD-1 mice. METHODS: In experiments 1 and 2, we trained older CD-1 mice to lever press for opportunities to attack younger C57BL6/J mice...
March 17, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433895/evaluating-network-level-predictors-of-behavior-change-among-injection-networks-enrolled-in-the-hptn-037-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Laramie R Smith, Steffanie A Strathdee, David Metzger, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about ways network-level factors that may influence the adoption of combination prevention behaviors among injection networks, or how network-oriented interventions might moderate this behavior change process. METHODS: A total of 232 unique injection risk networks in Philadelphia, PA, were randomized to a peer educator network-oriented intervention or standard of care control arm. Network-level aggregates reflecting the injection networks' baseline substance use dynamics, social interactions, and the networks exposure to gender- and structural-related vulnerabilities were calculated and used to predict changes in the proportion of network members adopting safer injection practices at 6-month follow-up...
April 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427371/inside-the-nation-s-largest-mental-health-institution-a-prevalence-study-in-a-state-prison-system
#12
Tala Al-Rousan, Linda Rubenstein, Bruce Sieleni, Harbans Deol, Robert B Wallace
BACKGROUND: The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world which has created a public health crisis. Correctional facilities have become a front line for mental health care. Public health research in this setting could inform criminal justice reform. We determined prevalence rates for mental illnesses and related comorbidities among all inmates in a state prison system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using the Iowa Corrections Offender Network which contains health records of all inmates in Iowa...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426559/ct-evidence-of-fluid-in-the-hernia-sac-predicts-surgical-site-infection-following-mesh-repair-of-acutely-incarcerated-ventral-and-groin-hernias
#13
Tyler J Loftus, Kristina L Go, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Frederick A Moore, Philip A Efron, Alicia M Mohr, Scott C Brakenridge
BACKGROUND: Mesh placement during repair of acutely incarcerated ventral and groin hernias is associated with high rates of surgical site infection (SSI). The utility of preoperative CT in this setting is unclear. We hypothesized that CT evidence of bowel wall compromise would predict SSI while accounting for physiologic parameters. METHODS: We performed a four-year retrospective cohort analysis of 50 consecutive patients who underwent mesh repair of acutely incarcerated ventral or groin hernias...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426364/patterns-of-mood-and-personality-factors-and-associations-with-sti-hiv-related-drug-and-sex-risk-among-african-american-male-inmates
#14
Joy D Scheidell, Carl W Lejuez, Carol E Golin, Adaora A Adimora, David A Wohl, Larry D Keen, Michael Hammond, Selena Judon-Monk, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) with comorbid mental disorders and sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV risk among inmates is scant despite the high prevalence of psychopathology and of STI/HIV in this population. METHODS: We used baseline data from Project DISRUPT, a cohort study conducted among incarcerated African American men (n = 207), to measure associations between ASPD and STI/HIV risk. We also conducted latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify subgroups defined by ASPD with comorbid stress, depression, and borderline personality disorder symptoms and measured associations between latent class membership and STI/HIV risk...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426354/-it-goes-on-everywhere-injection-drug-use-in-canadian-federal-prisons
#15
Emily van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: International and Canadian research on in-prison injection drug use has documented the frequency of its occurrence as well as some of the resulting consequences such as increased prevalence of HIV and hepatitis C virus. Access to prison-based harm reduction programing is thus important. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to learn from former prisoner experiences and insights on in-prison injection drug use in order to advance and improve access to harm reduction options, in particular prison-based needle and syringe programs (PNSPs)...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421891/truth-be-told-evaluation-of-a-narrative-and-skills-intervention-in-two-women-s-prisons
#16
Michael W Ross
This article describes the evaluation of a narrative and skills intervention to enable women to come to terms with their offenses, tell the truth, and then work to deal with the emotions and issues surrounding their offenses, in two southern U.S. women's prisons. The intervention involved skills building in communication, community building, creativity, and caring for the self, using narrative writing, speaking, and movement. There was broad agreement that the intervention had multiple positive impacts, including insight into factors that lead to incarceration, comfort with selves and better ability to express themselves, restorative justice (ability to understand the situation of others, understanding the impact on themselves and their families), better relationships with other inmates, and understanding the challenges that may lead to recidivism...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421890/inmate-health-care-provided-in-an-emergency-department
#17
Lindsey Koester, Jay M Brenner, Aimee Goulette, Susan M Wojcik, William Grant
The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world. Many correctional facilities have outsourced the medical care for this population that often presents with complex health issues. This study evaluates the reasons that inmates present to an emergency department (ED) and compares them to the general population ED visits. The most common presenting complaints were trauma (16.8%), abdominal pain (13.5%), chest pain (9.0%), and self-injury (8.7%). These presenting complaints differed significantly from those of the general population (abdominal pain [8...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421685/the-reach-and-limitation-of-the-ada-and-its-integration-mandate-implications-for-the-successful-reentry-of-individuals-with-mental-disabilities-in-a-correctional-population
#18
Henry A Dlugacz, Luna Droubi
This article argues that the ADA and its integration mandate, informed by international standards, should extend to incarcerated individuals with mental disabilities who reenter society, as they are at highly elevated risk for unnecessary segregation in institutions such as homeless shelters or hospitals or through reincarceration. An understanding of the precise services needed to prevent these strongly related but distinct variants of institutionalization requires a robust and continuing research agenda. In discussing the breadth of the ADA, we explore its history, interpretations of its application in a variety of contexts with respect to vulnerable populations and integration, and enforcement...
March 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421572/-suicidal-behaviour-among-prisoners-prevalence-and-association-with-psychological-distress-in-flemish-prisons
#19
L Favril, F Vander Laenen, K Audenaert
BACKGROUND: Internationally, the prevalence of suicidal behaviour (suicidal ideation, suicide plan and attempted suicide) is significantly elevated among prisoners compared to the community at large. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of suicidal behaviour among prisoners in the Flanders region of Belgium, to identify differences according to gender and custodial status, and to examine the association of recent suicidal ideation and suicide plan with psychological distress...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421155/an-appendiceal-carcinoid-tumor-within-an-amyand-s-hernia-mimicking-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia
#20
Gregorios Christodoulidis, Konstantinos Perivoliotis, Alexandros Diamantis, Dionysios Dimas, Michael Spyridakis, Konstantinos Tepetes
Introduction. We report the case of an appendiceal carcinoid tumor within an Amyand's hernia, presenting as an incarcerated right inguinal hernia. Presentation of Case. A 52-year-old male presented in the emergency department due to a persistent right inguinal pain. Clinical examination revealed a tender right groin mass. Laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis and an increased serum CRP. Under the diagnosis of an incarcerated right inguinal hernia, an emergency operation was taken. Intraoperatively, an inflamed appendix and a part of the cecum were found in the hernia sac...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
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