keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroscience neurology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341513/investment-in-epilepsy-monitoring-units-improves-epilepsy-care-experience-in-a-regional-neuroscience-centre
#1
R N McGinty, D J Costello, B McNamara, P Kinirons, B J Sweeney
An evaluation of the clinical yield of inpatient long-term video-EEG (vEEG) in a new epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) was undertaken, with findings compared to the centre's prior method of bedside vEEG recording in a standard neurology ward, as reported in 2004. A retrospective analysis of neurophysiology reports for all adults who underwent elective vEEG monitoring in the EMU at Cork University Hospital between January 2015 and July 2016 was conducted. Of 115 vEEG studies in the EMU, 100 (87.0%) were deemed diagnostically conclusive, 14 (12...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340519/evaluating-the-current-state-of-the-art-of-huntington-disease-research-a-scientometric-analysis
#2
L A Barboza, N C Ghisi
Huntington disease (HD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dominant mutation on the 4th chromosome. We aim to present a scientometric analysis of the extant scientific undertakings devoted to better understanding HD. Therefore, a quantitative study was performed to examine the current state-of-the-art approaches that foster researchers' understandings of the current knowledge, research trends, and research gaps regarding this disorder. We performed literature searches of articles that were published up to September 2016 in the "ISI Web of Science™" (http://apps...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313312/influence-of-single-dose-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-early-onset-pneumonia-in-high-risk-intubated-patients
#3
Timothy D Lewis, Kelly A Dehne, Kathryn Morbitzer, Denise H Rhoney, Casey Olm-Shipman, J Dedrick Jordan
BACKGROUND: Early-onset pneumonia (EOP) after endotracheal intubation is common among critically ill patients with a neurologic injury and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study observed outcomes pre- and post-implementation of an EOP prophylaxis protocol which involved the administration of a single dose of ceftriaxone 2 g around the time of intubation. The study included patients ≥ 18 years who were admitted to the University of North Carolina Medical Center (UNCMC) neuroscience intensive care unit (NSICU) between April 1, 2014, and October 26, 2016, and intubated for ≥ 72 h...
January 8, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301440/advancing-the-understanding-of-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-shibeshih-belachew
#4
Shibeshih Belachew
Shibeshih Belachew speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Shibeshih Belachew, MD, PhD, is a Senior Medical Director for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease Area in Global Product Development Medical Affairs at Roche (Basel, Switzerland). Prior to joining Roche in January 2016, he was Director of MS Franchise and Head of Medical Director's office for Biogen Region Europe and Canada. Previously at Biogen he also served as a Director in Global Neurology for the natalizumab program in Cambridge (MA, USA)...
January 5, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289930/nanomaterials-at-the-neural-interface
#5
REVIEW
Denis Scaini, Laura Ballerini
Interfacing the nervous system with devices able to efficiently record or modulate the electrical activity of neuronal cells represents the underlying foundation of future theranostic applications in neurology and of current openings in neuroscience research. These devices, usually sensing cell activity via microelectrodes, should be characterized by safe working conditions in the biological milieu together with a well-controlled operation-life. The stable device/neuronal electrical coupling at the interface requires tight interactions between the electrode surface and the cell membrane...
December 28, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278747/gaba-containing-liposomes-neuroscience-applications-and-translational-perspectives-for-targeting-neurological-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Marco Antônio Peliky Fontes, Gisele Cristiane Vaz, Thais Zielke Dias Cardoso, Mariana Flávia de Oliveira, Maria José Campagnole-Santos, Robson Augusto Souza Dos Santos, Neeru M Sharma, Kaushik P Patel, Frédéric Frézard
There are multiple challenges for neuropharmacology in the future. Undoubtedly, one of the greatest challenges is the development of strategies for pharmacological targeting of specific brain regions for treatment of diseases. GABA is the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, and dysfunction of GABAergic mechanisms is associated with different neurological conditions. Liposomes are lipid vesicles that are able to encapsulate chemical compounds and are used for chronic drug delivery...
December 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262440/who-is-safe-to-extubate-in-the-neuroscience-intensive-care-unit
#7
Julian Bösel
Patients admitted to the neuroscience intensive care unit (NICU) may have respiratory compromise from either central or peripheral neurological pathology, and may hence require intubation and mechanical ventilation for very diverse reasons. Liberation from invasive ventilation, that is, extubation, at the earliest possible time is a widely accepted principle in intensive care. For this, classic extubation criteria have been established in the general critical care setting, mainly targeting pulmonary function and cooperativeness of the patient...
December 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260439/eye-movement-research-in-the-twenty-first-century-a-window-to-the-brain-mind-and-more
#8
EDITORIAL
Aasef G Shaikh, David S Zee
The study of eye movements not only addresses debilitating neuro-ophthalmological problems but has become an essential tool of basic neuroscience research. Eye movements are a classic way to evaluate brain function-traditionally in disorders affecting the brainstem and cerebellum. Abnormalities of eye movements have localizing value and help narrow the differential diagnosis of complex neurological problems. More recently, using sophisticated behavioral paradigms, measurement of eye movements has also been applied to disorders of the thalamus, basal ganglia, and cerebral cortex...
December 19, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251834/impact-and-educational-outcomes-of-a-small-group-self-directed-teaching-strategy-in-a-clinical-neuroscience-curriculum
#9
Thomas I Nathaniel, Jordan C Gainey, Jessica A Williams, Bianca L Stewart, Michael C Hood, Leanne E Brechtel, Rakiya V Faulkner, Jasmine S Pendergrass, Leigh-Ann Black, Scott K Griffin, Christopher E Troup, Jayne S Reuben, Asa C Black
The complexity of the material being taught in clinical neuroscience within the medical school curriculum requires creative pedagogies to teach medical students effectively. Many clinical teaching strategies have been developed and are well described to address these challenges. However, only a few have been evaluated to determine their impact on the performance of students studying clinical neuroscience. Interactive, 2-hour, self-directed small-group interactive clinical case-based learning sessions were conducted weekly for 4 weeks to integrate concepts learned in the corresponding didactic lectures...
December 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239885/the-present-state-of-neurointensivist-training-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-to-other-critical-care-training-programs
#10
Evie G Marcolini, David B Seder, Jordan B Bonomo, Thomas P Bleck, J Claude Hemphill, Lori Shutter, Fred Rincon, Shelly D Timmons, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript describes the state of neurocritical care fellowship training, compares its written standards to those of other critical care fellowship programs, and discusses how programmatic oversight by the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties should evolve to meet American College of Graduate Medical Education standards. This review is a work product of the Society of Critical Care Medicine Neuroscience section and was reviewed and approved by the Council of the Society of Critical Care Medicine...
December 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224579/wilder-penfield-sir-arthur-currie-and-the-montreal-neurological-institute
#11
R Mark Sadler
Wilder Penfield and the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) are inextricably linked. It was Penfield's unique idea to create a building with an academic atmosphere wherein basic neuroscience and clinical care of neurological patients would benefit from interaction and mutual support. It is clear that without Penfield that there would be no MNI; however, the role of another Canadian icon, Sir Arthur Currie, in the development of the MNI has heretofore been barely mentioned. The thesis of this paper is that Currie had a critical role in the gestation of the MNI that has generally been ignored...
December 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214158/optical-coherence-tomography-basic-concepts-and-applications-in-neuroscience-research
#12
REVIEW
Mobin Ibne Mokbul
Optical coherence tomography is a micrometer-scale imaging modality that permits label-free, cross-sectional imaging of biological tissue microstructure using tissue backscattering properties. After its invention in the 1990s, OCT is now being widely used in several branches of neuroscience as well as other fields of biomedical science. This review study reports an overview of OCT's applications in several branches or subbranches of neuroscience such as neuroimaging, neurology, neurosurgery, neuropathology, and neuroembryology...
2017: Journal of Medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209156/machine-learning-classification-combining-multiple-features-of-a-hyper-network-of-fmri-data-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Hao Guo, Fan Zhang, Junjie Chen, Yong Xu, Jie Xiang
Exploring functional interactions among various brain regions is helpful for understanding the pathological underpinnings of neurological disorders. Brain networks provide an important representation of those functional interactions, and thus are widely applied in the diagnosis and classification of neurodegenerative diseases. Many mental disorders involve a sharp decline in cognitive ability as a major symptom, which can be caused by abnormal connectivity patterns among several brain regions. However, conventional functional connectivity networks are usually constructed based on pairwise correlations among different brain regions...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202327/mesh-electronics-a-new-paradigm-for-tissue-like-brain-probes
#14
REVIEW
Guosong Hong, Xiao Yang, Tao Zhou, Charles M Lieber
Existing implantable neurotechnologies for understanding the brain and treating neurological diseases have intrinsic properties that have limited their capability to achieve chronically-stable brain interfaces with single-neuron spatiotemporal resolution. These limitations reflect what has been dichotomy between the structure and mechanical properties of living brain tissue and non-living neural probes. To bridge the gap between neural and electronic networks, we have introduced the new concept of mesh electronics probes designed with structural and mechanical properties such that the implant begins to 'look and behave' like neural tissue...
December 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198278/brain-based-biomarkers-for-the-treatment-of-depression-evolution-of-an-idea
#15
Allison C Waters, Helen S Mayberg
An ambition of depression biomarker research is to augment psychometric and cognitive assessment of clinically relevant phenomena with neural measures. Although such applications have been slow to arrive, we observe a steady evolution of the idea and anticipate emerging technologies with some optimism. To highlight critical themes and innovations in depression biomarker research, we take as our point of reference a specific research narrative. We begin with an early model of frontal-limbic dysfunction, which represents a conceptual shift from localized pathology to understanding symptoms as an emergent property of distributed networks...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196944/scientometric-evaluation-of-the-global-research-in-spine-an-update-on-the-pioneering-study-by-wei-et-al
#16
REVIEW
Ozcan Konur
PURPOSE: Wei et al. evaluated the global research in spine using scientometric methods based on a sample of 13,115 papers published in 5 spine journals from 2004 to 2013. This study builds on this pioneering study and provides up-to-date and thorough information on spine based on a sample of 166,962 papers for the stakeholders. METHOD: 'Articles' and 'reviews' published in 'English' in the journals indexed by the 'Web of Science' primary databases between 1980 and 2017 were retrieved through the use of an optimal keyword set for titles of both papers and ten spine journals...
December 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194171/improving-the-accuracy-of-delirium-assessments-in-neuroscience-patients-scaling-a-quality-improvement-program-to-improve-nurses-skill-compliance-and-accuracy-in-the-use-of-the-confusion-assessment-method-in-the-intensive-care-unit-tool
#17
Justin DiLibero, Susan DeSanto-Madeya, Rachael Dottery, Lauren Sullivan, Sharon C O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Delirium affects up to 80% of critically ill patients; however, many cases of delirium go unrecognized because of inaccurate assessments. The effectiveness of interventions to improve assessment accuracy among the general population has been established, but assessments among neuroscience patients are uniquely complicated due to the presence of structural neurologic changes. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this quality improvement project were to improve the accuracy of nurse's delirium assessments among neuroscience patients and to determine the comparative effectiveness of the intervention between medical and neuroscience patients...
January 2018: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172000/translational-research-in-alzheimer-s-and-prion-diseases
#18
Giuseppe Di Fede, Giorgio Giaccone, Mario Salmona, Fabrizio Tagliavini
Translational neuroscience integrates the knowledge derived by basic neuroscience with the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic tools that may be applied to clinical practice in neurological diseases. This information can be used to improve clinical trial designs and outcomes that will accelerate drug development, and to discover novel biomarkers which can be efficiently employed to early recognize neurological disorders and provide information regarding the effects of drugs on the underlying disease biology...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167478/an-evolutionary-game-theory-model-of-spontaneous-brain-functioning
#19
Dario Madeo, Agostino Talarico, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Chiara Mocenni, Emiliano Santarnecchi
Our brain is a complex system of interconnected regions spontaneously organized into distinct networks. The integration of information between and within these networks is a continuous process that can be observed even when the brain is at rest, i.e. not engaged in any particular task. Moreover, such spontaneous dynamics show predictive value over individual cognitive profile and constitute a potential marker in neurological and psychiatric conditions, making its understanding of fundamental importance in modern neuroscience...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163069/notes-on-the-recent-history-of-neuroscience-in-africa
#20
REVIEW
Vivienne A Russell
Neuroscience began with neuroanatomy and neurosurgery in Egypt more than 5000 years ago. Knowledge grew over time and specialized neurosurgery centers were established in north Africa in the eleventh century. However, it was not until the twentieth century that neuroscience research became established in sub-Saharan Africa. In most African countries, clinical research focused on understanding the rationale and improving treatment of epilepsy, infections, nutritional neuropathies, stroke and tumors. Significant advances were made...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
keyword
keyword
47778
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"