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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659361/intraoperative-use-of-a-tablet-computer-to-aid-rhinoplasty
#1
M Tsounis, D Papadopoulou, C Faris
Open septorhinoplasty enables excellent exposure to the structural components of the nasal tip. Nevertheless, it runs the risk of weakening its support mechanisms, which can lead to notable changes to tip projection and rotation as well as to the nasolabial angle. It is therefore paramount that the surgeon reconstructs the nose to the desired endpoint at the end of the operation. Currently, the gold standard of care in rhinoplasty uses preoperative photographs with the patient sitting or standing. However, this is not a true representation of the face in the operative position as the patient is placed supine and so gravity affects the appearance of the nose in a different way...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641976/influenza-in-children
#2
Virendra Kumar
In children, influenza is one among the commonest causes of acute respiratory illness and loss of school days. Influenza A, B, and C are 3 types of viruses responsible for illness. Type A virus has many subtypes based on antigens but Type B and Type C viruses have no known subtypes. Currently, influenza A/H1N1, A/H3N2, and influenza type B viruses are circulating in humans. Transmission of influenza occurs through droplets from infected person or through direct contact with person or fomites. Clinically, influenza is characterized by acute onset fever, chills, running nose, cough, sore throat, headache and myalgia...
September 19, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369840/preservation-of-nostril-morphology-in-nasal-base-reduction
#3
Norihiro Ohba, Mayuko Ohba
BACKGROUND: Asian patients often desire reduction of the base and alar lobules of the Asian mesorrhine nose. Sill excision is commonly used, but may result in an angular or notched nostril rim. METHODS: We developed an internal method of alar base reduction involving triangle flaps for sill resection. This method avoids alar rim notching and teardrop deformity. Cinching sutures and double-layer closure avoid tension on the wound. We categorized the results in 50 patients (4 men, 46 women) who underwent surgery between November 2012 and August 2015 and who could be followed up for more than 3 months...
October 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27260579/the-effect-of-mouth-breathing-on-exercise-induced-fall-in-lung-function-in-children-with-allergic-asthma-and-rhinitis
#4
Mirjana Turkalj, Jelena Živković, Marcel Lipej, Sandra Bulat Lokas, Damir Erceg, Srđan Ante Anzić, Robert Magdić, Davor Plavec
OBJECTIVES: Exercise induced bronchospasm (EIB) represents a common feature of childhood asthma which is most commonly revealed during free running. On the other hand aerobic exercise shows significant beneficial effects in asthmatics especially on the reduction of the level of systemic inflammation and is recommended as part of its treatment. The aim of this study was to test how mandatory mouth breathing influences the exercise induced level of decrease in lung function according to the level of severity of allergic rhinitis (AR)...
July 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182735/sequential-measurement-of-intermodal-variability-in-public-transportation-pm2-5-and-co-exposure-concentrations
#5
W W Che, H Christopher Frey, Alexis K H Lau
A sequential measurement method is demonstrated for quantifying the variability in exposure concentration during public transportation. This method was applied in Hong Kong by measuring PM2.5 and CO concentrations along a route connecting 13 transportation-related microenvironments within 3-4 h. The study design takes into account ventilation, proximity to local sources, area-wide air quality, and meteorological conditions. Portable instruments were compacted into a backpack to facilitate measurement under crowded transportation conditions and to quantify personal exposure by sampling at nose level...
August 16, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128405/-evidence-and-evidence-gaps-an-introduction
#6
G Dreier, J Löhler
BACKGROUND: Treating patients requires the inclusion of existing evidence in any health care decision, to be able to choose the best diagnosis or treatment measure or to make valid prognosis statements for a particular patient in consideration of the physician's own expertise.The basis are clinical trials, the results of which are ideally gathered in systematic reviews, rated, summarized and published. In addition to the GCP (Good Clinical Practice)-compliant planning, conducting and analysis of clinical studies it is essential, that all study results are made publicly available, in order to avoid publication bias...
April 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116494/temporary-medial-upper-eyelid-lagophthalmos-after-external-dacryocystorhinostomy
#7
I O Haefliger, O Meienberg, A R Pimentel de Figueiredo
Background. Report of three cases of medial upper eyelid lagophthalmos as complication of external dacryocystorhinostomy. History and Signs. Shortly after dacryocystorhinostomy (skin incision on the side of the nose), three of ten consecutive patients (28 ± 4 years; mean ± standard deviation), presented with an ipsilateral lagophthalmos of 4 ± 1 mm in voluntary eyelid closure and 6 ± 1 mm in spontaneous blink. The lagophthalmos was due to a selective paresis of the medial part of the orbicularis oculi muscle of the upper eyelid...
April 2016: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26919465/antibiotic-self-prescribing-trends-experiences-and-attitudes-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-pharmacy-and-non-pharmacy-students-a-study-from-lahore
#8
Zikria Saleem, Hamid Saeed, Mobasher Ahmad, Mahrukh Yousaf, Hafsa Binte Hassan, Ayesha Javed, Nida Anees, Sonu Maharjan
Pharmacists are the custodians of drugs; hence their education, training, behaviors and experiences would affect the future use of drugs at community and hospital pharmacies. Therefore, we aimed at evaluating the self-prescribing antibiotic trends, knowledge and attitudes among pharmacy and non-pharmacy students. We found that pharmacy students had higher risks of experiencing URIs related symptoms such as cough (RR; 1.7, p = 0.002), allergy (RR; 2.07, p = 0.03) and running nose (RR; 3.17, p<0.005), compared to non-pharmacy students -resulting in higher probabilities of selecting cough syrups (OR; 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26846122/randomized-trial-of-acupoints-herbal-patching-in-sanfu-days-for-asthma-in-clinical-remission-stage
#9
Libing Zhu, Wei Zhang, Vivian Wong, Ziea Eric, Lixing Lao, Kwaiching Lo, Waichung Chan, To Yau, Lei Li
BACKGROUND: Although China has a long history of using acupoints herbal patching (acupoints herbal patching means applying herbal patch on special acupoints to stimulate skin to form blisters, hyperemia, and even suppuration) in Sanfu Days (Sanfu Days are supposed to be the three hottest days in a year which is calculated by the ancient calendar) for the treatment of asthma, there is insufficient evidence to support its effectiveness and safety issues. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of acupoints herbal patching compared with placebo in participants with asthma in clinical remission stage...
March 2016: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26773939/large-scale-cfd-simulations-of-the-transitional-and-turbulent-regime-for-the-large-human-airways-during-rapid-inhalation
#10
Hadrien Calmet, Alberto M Gambaruto, Alister J Bates, Mariano Vázquez, Guillaume Houzeaux, Denis J Doorly
The dynamics of unsteady flow in the human large airways during a rapid inhalation were investigated using highly detailed large-scale computational fluid dynamics on a subject-specific geometry. The simulations were performed to resolve all the spatial and temporal scales of the flow, thanks to the use of massive computational resources. A highly parallel finite element code was used, running on two supercomputers, solving the transient incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on unstructured meshes. Given that the finest mesh contained 350 million elements, the study sets a precedent for large-scale simulations of the respiratory system, proposing an analysis strategy for mean flow, fluctuations and wall shear stresses on a rapid and short inhalation (a so-called sniff)...
February 1, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26602290/effect-of-bovine-lactoferrin-from-iron-fortified-formulas-on-diarrhea-and-respiratory-tract-infections-of-weaned-infants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Ke Chen, Lingying Chai, Hua Li, Ying Zhang, Hu-Mina Xie, Jia Shang, Weizheng Tian, Ping Yang, Alice C Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation with bovine lactoferrin (bLf) from iron-fortified formulas on diarrhea and respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in weaned infants. METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter, controlled intervention study, 260 infants ages 4 to 6 mo who previously were exclusively breastfed but weaned were randomized into two groups: a lactoferrin-fortified formula milk group (fortified group, FG, containing lactoferrin 38 mg/100 g milk) and a no lactoferrin-fortified milk (control group, CG); breastfed infants were enrolled and served as a reference group (breastfed group, BG)...
February 2016: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26567471/factors-associated-with-allergic-rhinitis-in-colombian-subpopulations-aged-1-to-17-and-18-to-59
#12
Augusto Peñaranda, Elizabeth Garcia, Ana M Barragán, Martín A Rondón, Adriana Pérez, María X Rojas, Luis Caraballo, Rodolfo J Dennis
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown variations in the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) around the world, and different potential predisposing factors. More studies are needed on risk factors, specifically in developing countries. This study explored the association of several factors and AR among urban residents in six cities of Colombia. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study and a nested case-control study were carried out between 2009 and 2010 involving two Colombian subpopulations: children/adolescents and adults...
March 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557030/recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children-analysis-of-immunological-examinations
#13
Agata Raniszewska, Elżbieta Górska, Iwona Kotuła, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Katarzyna Popko, Olga Ciepiela
BACKGROUND: Paediatric respiratory tract infections are among the most common reasons for preschool and school absences and visits to physicians. The disease mainly involves the upper respiratory tract and is associated with fever, cough, sore throat, and running nose. Children with recurrent respiratory infections (RRI), which are defined as more than six serious diseases a year, are a difficult diagnostic challenge. The aim of this study was to assess immunological deviations in laboratory tests performed in children with RRI...
2015: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319067/heterosubtypic-immunity-to-h7n9-influenza-virus-in-isogenic-guinea-pigs-after-infection-with-pandemic-h1n1-virus
#14
Lidewij C M Wiersma, Stella E Vogelzang-van Trierum, Joost H C M Kreijtz, Geert van Amerongen, Peter van Run, Mechtild Ladwig, Stefanie Banneke, Hubert Schaefer, Ron A M Fouchier, Thijs Kuiken, Albert D M E Osterhaus, Guus F Rimmelzwaan
Heterosubtypic immunity is defined as immune-mediated (partial) protection against an influenza virus induced by an influenza virus of another subtype to which the host has not previously been exposed. This cross-protective effect has not yet been demonstrated to the newly emerging avian influenza A viruses of the H7N9 subtype. Here, we assessed the induction of protective immunity to these viruses by infection with A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in a newly developed guinea pig model. To this end, ten female 12-16 week old strain 2 guinea pigs were inoculated intratracheally with either A(H1N1)pdm09 influenza virus or PBS (unprimed controls) followed 4 weeks later with an A/H7N9 influenza virus challenge...
December 8, 2015: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26174435/algorithms-for-gpu-based-molecular-dynamics-simulations-of-complex-fluids-applications-to-water-mixtures-and-liquid-crystals
#15
Sergey Kazachenko, Mark Giovinazzo, Kyle Wm Hall, Natalie M Cann
A custom code for molecular dynamics simulations has been designed to run on CUDA-enabled NVIDIA graphics processing units (GPUs). The double-precision code simulates multicomponent fluids, with intramolecular and intermolecular forces, coarse-grained and atomistic models, holonomic constraints, Nosé-Hoover thermostats, and the generation of distribution functions. Algorithms to compute Lennard-Jones and Gay-Berne interactions, and the electrostatic force using Ewald summations, are discussed. A neighbor list is introduced to improve scaling with respect to system size...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26102545/aging-as-the-impact-factor-on-septoplasty-success
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mehmet Habesoglu, Osman Kilic, Basak Caypinar, Serap Onder
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to discuss the impact of aging on septoplasty success. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This prospective case control study was conducted at the Umraniye Education and Research Hospital. METHODS: Our study group consists of 23 patients older than 60-year-old who have septal deviation and have previously been postponed for this surgery due to various reasons. Twenty-six patients under 40-year-old are randomly chosen as the control group who were running to septoplasty...
July 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26048095/pressure-effects-on-the-nose-by-an-in-flight-oxygen-mask-during-simulated-flight-conditions
#17
J Rieneke C Schreinemakers, C Boer, P C G M van Amerongen, M Kon
BACKGROUND: Dutch F-16 fighter pilots experience oxygen mask inflicted nasal trauma, including discomfort, pain, skin abrasions, bruises and bone remodelling. Pressure and shear forces on the nose might contribute to causing these adverse effects. In this study, it was evaluated how flight conditions affected the exerted pressure, and whether shear forces were present. METHODS: The pressure exerted by the oxygen mask was measured in 20 volunteers by placing pressure sensors on the nose and chin underneath the mask...
December 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26019006/robucket-a-low-cost-operant-chamber-based-on-the-arduino-microcontroller
#18
Kavya Devarakonda, Katrina P Nguyen, Alexxai V Kravitz
The operant conditioning chamber is a cornerstone of animal behavioral research. Operant boxes are used to assess learning and motivational behavior in animals, particularly for food and drug reinforcers. However, commercial operant chambers cost several thousands of dollars. We have constructed the Rodent Operant Bucket (ROBucket), an inexpensive and easily assembled open-source operant chamber based on the Arduino microcontroller platform, which can be used to train mice to respond for sucrose solution or other liquid reinforcers...
June 2016: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26015765/relationship-between-occlusal-plane-and-ala-tragus-line-in-dentate-individuals-a-clinical-pilot-study
#19
Sanjna Nayar, S Bhuminathan, Wasim Manzoor Bhat, R Mahadevan
Many methods have been used to establish the occlusal plane in complete denture prosthodontics. However, no single method seems to be fully accepted. Anteriorly, esthetic considerations help define the occlusal plane, and posteriorly the tongue, retromolar pad, and Stenson's duct are considered. Some dentists bisect the space between the residual ridges. The technique of using the ala-tragus line (Camper's line) to establish the occlusal plane is well documented. However, definitions of the ala-tragus line cause confusion, because the exact points of reference do not agree...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26007271/retrobulbar-abscess-in-a-child
#20
M I Hossain, L Nahar, A K Talukder, A A Khatun
A 14 months old male child was admitted into Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Bangladesh, with fever, watering, swelling, redness of right eye and running nose. On initial examination, patient was febrile, toxic, right-sided severe proptosis, restricted ocular movement, conjunctival chemosis and exposure keratitis of right eye. A sluggish pupillary light reaction was present in the right eye. Visual acuity was not recordable. CT scan of Brain and Orbit revealed, retrobulbar abscess of right orbit...
April 2015: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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