Read by QxMD icon Read

t regulatory cells in all

Xiuqing Tian, Rui Guo, Yujiao Zhang, Lingling Xu, Xianbing Liu, Yinglong Hou
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of sympathetic overactivity on the immune system involved in the imbalance of T helper (Th) lymphocytes, we investigated the correlation between autonomic dysregulation and the generation of regulatory T (Treg) and Th1 chemokines in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Blood samples obtained from patients with coronary artery disease and controls were analyzed for levels of Th1 and Treg cells and their associated cytokines by flow cytometry...
October 21, 2016: Neuroimmunomodulation
D Bogdanou, M Penna-Martinez, N Filmann, T L Chung, Y Moran-Auth, J Wehrle, C Cappel, S Huenecke, E Herrmann, U Koehl, K Badenhoop
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is mediated by autoaggressive T effector cells with an underlying regulatory T cell (Treg) defect. Vitamin D (VD) deficiency is highly prevalent in T1D which can aggravate immune dysfunction. High dose VD treatment may enhance Tregs and improve metabolism in T1D patients. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with cross-over design, patients received either for three months cholecalciferol 4000 IU/d, followed by three months placebo or the sequential alternative...
October 20, 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
Chunqing Ai, Na Ma, Qiuxiang Zhang, Gang Wang, Xiaoming Liu, Fengwei Tian, Pei Chen, Wei Chen
Some studies reported that probiotic could relieve allergy-induced damage to the host, but how to get a useful probiotic is still a challenge. In this study, the protective effects of three lactic acid bacteria (La, Lp and Lc) were evaluated in a mouse model, and its relationship with the in vitro properties was analyzed. The in vitro results indicated that La with the capacity to inhibit IL-4 production could have a better anti-allergy effect in vivo than two others. However, the animal trials showed that all LAB strains could alleviate allergen-induced airway inflammation...
2016: PloS One
Justus Mahnke, Valéa Schumacher, Stefanie Ahrens, Nadja Käding, Lea Marie Feldhoff, Magdalena Huber, Jan Rupp, Friederike Raczkowski, Hans-Willi Mittrücker
The transcription factor Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 (IRF4) is essential for TH2 and TH17 cell formation and controls peripheral CD8(+) T cell differentiation. We used Listeria monocytogenes infection to characterize the function of IRF4 in TH1 responses. IRF4(-/-) mice generated only marginal numbers of listeria-specific TH1 cells. After transfer into infected mice, IRF4(-/-) CD4(+) T cells failed to differentiate into TH1 cells as indicated by reduced T-bet and IFN-γ expression, and showed limited proliferation...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
Marlen Vitales-Noyola, Rita Martínez-Martínez, Juan P Loyola-Rodríguez, Lourdes Baranda, Perla Niño-Moreno, Roberto González-Amaro
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is chronic inflammatory process that affects the attachment structures of the teeth and constitutes a significant cause of tooth loss in adults. Although different bacteria play an important role in the triggering of this condition, the progression and severity of the disease are strongly affected by the host immune response, which is under the control of different immune-regulatory mechanisms, including T regulatory (Treg) cells. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and function of CD69(+) Treg lymphocytes in patients with chronic periodontal disease...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Andrew Zloza, Neal D Dharmadhikari, Erica J Huelsmann, Joseph R Broucek, Tasha Hughes, Frederick J Kohlhapp, Howard L Kaufman
Recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) is associated with objective responses in 15-20 % of patients with metastatic melanoma and renal cell carcinoma. More recently, rIL-2 has also demonstrated improved clinical activity in patients with melanoma. Given the toxicity of high-dose rIL-2 and the availability of many new immunotherapy agents, it has been suggested that lower doses of rIL-2 may be preferred for combination clinical studies. In order to determine the impact of low doses of rIL-2 on anti-tumor immunity and therapeutic effectiveness, we challenged C57BL/6 mice with poorly immunogenic B16-F10 melanoma and treated them with varying doses of rIL-2 (range 10(3)-10(5) IU)...
October 18, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
Hirotsugu Nagase, Tomohira Takeoka, Shinya Urakawa, Akiko Morimoto-Okazawa, Atsunari Kawashima, Kota Iwahori, Shuji Takiguchi, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Eiichi Sato, Shimon Sakaguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki, Hisashi Wada
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have an immunosuppressive role in the tumor microenvironment. Since effector Tregs (eTregs), which have highly suppressive functions, are located in a subpopulation of Foxp3(+) CD4(+) Tregs, the TCR-inducible costimulatory receptor (ICOS) was applied as a marker of eTregs that infiltrated gastric cancer tissue and the induction pathway of ICOS(+) Foxp3(+) cells was analyzed by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. In tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), ICOS(+) Foxp3(+) CD4(+) T cells were abundantly observed in the late stages of gastric cancer...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jun P Ren, Lin Wang, Juan Zhao, Ling Wang, Shun B Ning, Mohamed El Gazzar, Jonathan P Moorman, Zhi Q Yao
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to attenuating immune responses during chronic viral infection; however, the precise mechanisms underlying their suppressive activities remain incompletely understood. We have recently shown marked expansion of MDSCs that promote regulatory T (Treg) cell development in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Here we further investigated whether the HCV-induced expansion of MDSCs and Tregs is regulated by a miRNA-mediated mechanism...
October 18, 2016: Immunology
Xiao-Wen Zhu, Hai-Zhen Zhu, You-Qing Zhu, Mao-Hui Feng, Jian Qi, Zhi-Fen Chen
The mechanism underlying CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) promoting the development of colorectal cancer (CRC) was elucidated in the present study. Forty-eight cases of colorectal carcinomas, 22 cases of colon polyps and 21 cases of normal colorectal tissues were collected. The correlation among Foxp3, IL-10 and Stat3, and the clinical relevance of these three indexes were analyzed. The results showed that the levels of Foxp3 expressed in infiltrating CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+)Tregs, and IL-10 and Stat3 in CRC tissues were all significantly higher than those in polypus tissues and normal colon tissues (P< 0...
October 2016: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
Christina R Tyler, Matthew T Labrecque, Elizabeth R Solomon, Xun Guo, Andrea M Allan
Exposure to arsenic, a common environmental toxin found in drinking water, leads to a host of neurological pathologies. We have previously demonstrated that developmental exposure to a low level of arsenic (50ppb) alters epigenetic processes that underlie deficits in adult hippocampal neurogenesis leading to aberrant behavior. It is unclear if arsenic impacts the programming and regulation of embryonic neurogenesis during development when exposure occurs. The master negative regulator of neural-lineage, REST/NRSF, controls the precise timing of fate specification and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs)...
October 14, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Xuanyi Meng, Xin Li, Jinyan Gao, Hongbing Chen
Bovine α-lactalbumin (ALA) is a known food allergen present in milk to induce anaphylaxis. A previous study demonstrated that irradiated ALA (iALA) decreased the IgE-binding properties and weakened the degranulation capacity of basophils in vitro. The present study aimed to further assess the potential allergenicity of iALA in vivo in a BALB/c mouse model. The mice (n = 10/group) were intragastrically sensitized and orally challenged with either iALA or ALA using cholera toxin as adjuvant. In contrast to the ALA group, the iALA group did not show anaphylactic shock symptoms...
October 13, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Rico D Bense, Christos Sotiriou, Martine J Piccart-Gebhart, John B A G Haanen, Marcel A T M van Vugt, Elisabeth G E de Vries, Carolien P Schröder, Rudolf S N Fehrmann
BACKGROUND: Not all breast cancer patients benefit from neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy, resulting in considerable undertreatment or overtreatment. New insights into the role of tumor-infiltrating immune cells suggest that their composition, as well as their functionality, might serve as a biomarker to enable optimal patient selection for current systemic therapies and upcoming treatment options such as immunotherapy. METHODS: We performed several complementary unbiased in silico analyses on gene expression profiles of 7270 unrelated tumor samples of nonmetastatic breast cancer patients with known clinical follow-up...
January 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
E Balada, L Felip, J Ordi-Ros, M Vilardell-Tarrés
We evaluated the transcriptional expression of DUSP23 in CD4+ T cells from 30 SLE patients and 30 healthy controls. DUSP23 mRNA levels were considerably higher in the patients group: 1,490 ± 1,713 versus 294,1 ± 204,2. None association was found between DUSP23 mRNA expression and the presence of typical serological and clinical parameters associated to SLE. Meaningful statistical values were obtained in the patients group between the levels of DUSP23 and ITGAL, PRF1, and CD40L. Similarly, transcript levels of different DNA methylation-related enzymes (DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B, MBD2, and MBD4) were also positively correlated to the expression of DUSP23...
October 13, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
O I Afanas'eva, E A Pylaeva, E A Klesareva, A V Potekhina, S I Provatorov, M I Afanas'eva, T L Krasnikova, V P Masenko, T I Aref'eva, S N Pokrovsky
AIM: To study the role of lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] as a potential autoantigen causing the activation of immunocompetent cells in atherosclerosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 104 men with stable coronary artery (CA) disease and different degrees of progressive coronary atherosclerosis were examined. Clinical blood analysis was carried out and lymphocyte subpopulations (CD4+, Th1, Th17, and Treg) were determined using immunofluorescence and flow cytometry. In addition, the indicators of blood lipid composition, Lp(a), autoantibody (autoAb) titer to Lp(a), and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and the lymphocyte activation marker sCD25 were also measured...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Epameinondas Gousopoulos, Steven T Proulx, Samia B Bachmann, Jeannette Scholl, Dimitris Dionyssiou, Efterpi Demiri, Cornelia Halin, Lothar C Dieterich, Michael Detmar
Secondary lymphedema is a common postcancer treatment complication, but the underlying pathological processes are poorly understood and no curative treatment exists. To investigate lymphedema pathomechanisms, a top-down approach was applied, using genomic data and validating the role of a single target. RNA sequencing of lymphedematous mouse skin indicated upregulation of many T cell-related networks, and indeed depletion of CD4(+) cells attenuated lymphedema. The significant upregulation of Foxp3, a transcription factor specifically expressed by regulatory T cells (Tregs), along with other Treg-related genes, implied a potential role of Tregs in lymphedema...
October 6, 2016: JCI Insight
Annie C Bowles, Amy L Strong, Rachel M Wise, Robert C Thomas, Brittany Y Gerstein, Maria F Dutreil, Ryan S Hunter, Jeffrey M Gimble, Bruce A Bunnell
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common neurodegenerative disease and remains an unmet clinical challenge. In MS, an autoimmune response leads to immune cell infiltration, inflammation, demyelination, and lesions in central nervous system (CNS) tissues resulting in tremors, fatigue, and progressive loss of motor function. These pathologic hallmarks are effectively reproduced in the murine experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model. The stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of adipose tissue is composed of adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASC), adipocytes, and various leukocytes...
October 12, 2016: Stem Cells
Paul C Schröder, Sabina Illi, Vera I Casaca, Anna Lluis, Andreas Böck, Caroline Roduit, Martin Depner, Remo Frei, Jon Genuneit, Petra Ina Pfefferle, Marjut Roponen, Juliane Weber, Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer, Josef Riedler, Jean-Charles Dalphin, Juha Pekkanen, Roger Lauener, Erika von Mutius, Bianca Schaub, Anne Hyvärinen, Anne M Karvonen, Maija-Riitta Hirvonen, Pekka Tiittanen, Sami Remes, Vincent Kaulek, Marie-Laure Dalphin, Markus J Ege, Georg J Loss, Harald Renz, Gert Doekes, Michael Kabesch
BACKGROUND: Farm exposure protects against development of allergies early in life. At 4.5 years, protection against asthma by farm-milk exposure was partially mediated by regulatory T-cells (Tregs). The aim of this study was to investigate the critical time window of the "asthma-protective" farm effect via Tregs during childhood immune maturation. METHODS: Tregs were assessed longitudinally at 4.5 and 6 years in 111 children (56 farm, 55 reference children) from the PASTURE/EFRAIM birth cohort (flow-cytometry)...
October 12, 2016: Allergy
Denise S M Medrado da Costa, Joana Hygino, Thais B Ferreira, Taissa M Kasahara, Priscila O Barros, Clarice Monteiro, Aleida Oliveira, Felipe Tavares, Claudia Cristina Vasconcelos, Regina Alvarenga, Cleonice A M Bento
Vitamin D deficiency is an environmental risk factor for MS, a Th17 cell-mediated autoimmune disease that results in demyelination in the CNS. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the ability of in vitro 1,25(OH)2D in modulating different Th17 cell subsets in MS patients in remission phase. In the present study, the production of Th17-related cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17, IL-22), as well as GM-CSF, was significantly higher in cell cultures from MS patients than in healthy subjects (HS). The 1,25(OH)2D reduced all pro-inflammatory cytokines essayed, mainly those released from HS cell cultures...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Katharina Bell, Anna Holz, Kirstin Ludwig, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz H Grus
BACKGROUND: Many studies analyzing neurodegenerative diseases demonstrate altered frequencies of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Till date, there is hardly any information concerning Tregs in glaucoma. To gather first results concerning Treg levels in glaucoma patients, we aimed to investigate whether the number of CD4(+)CD25(+)T cells vary in the patients suffering from primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and healthy controls. METHODS: Heparinized blood samples were collected from 16 healthy individuals and 16 POAG patients...
October 10, 2016: Current Eye Research
Alicia R Mathers, Cara D Carey, Meaghan E Killeen, Julio Diaz-Perez, Sonia R Salvatore, Francisco J Schopfer, Bruce A Freeman, Louis D Falo
BACKGROUND: Reactions between nitric oxide (NO), nitrite (NO2(-) ), and unsaturated fatty acids give rise to electrophilic nitro-fatty acids (NO2 -FAs), such as nitro-oleic acid (OA-NO2 ) and nitro-linoleic acid (LNO2 ). Endogenous electrophilic fatty acids (EFAs) mediate anti-inflammatory responses by modulating metabolic and inflammatory signal transduction reactions. Hence, there is considerable interest in employing NO2 -FAs and other EFAs for the prevention and treatment of inflammatory disorders...
October 8, 2016: Allergy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"