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parkinson alzheimer stroke dystonia

Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a technique of noninvasive cortical stimulation allowing significant modification of brain functions. Clinical application of this technique was reported for the first time in March 2005. This paper presents a detailed list of the 340 articles (excluding single case reports) which have assessed the clinical effect of tDCS in patients, at least when delivered to cortical targets. The reviewed conditions were: pain syndromes, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, cerebral palsy, post-stroke limb motor impairment, post-stroke neglect, post-stroke dysphagia, post-stroke aphasia, primary progressive aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, tinnitus, depression, auditory hallucinations and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, addiction and craving, autism, and attention disorders...
December 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
Żanna Pastuszak, Anna Stępień, Renata Piusińska-Macoch, Bogdan Brodacki, Kazimierz Tomczykiewicz
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a treatment option with proved effectiveness especially in drug resist depression. It is used in functional brain mapping before neurosurgery operations and diagnostic of corticospinal tract transmission. Many studies are performed to evaluate rTMS using in treatment of obsessive - compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, autism, strokes, tinnitus, Alzheimer and Parkinson diseases, cranial traumas. Moreover rTMS was used in treatment of multiple sclerosis, migraine, dystonia...
June 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Andrew G M Bulloch, Kirsten M Fiest, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Sandra A Berzins, Nathalie Jetté, Tamara M Pringsheim, Scott B Patten
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of depression across a range of neurological conditions in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: The data source was the Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada (SLNCC), which accrued its sample by selecting participants from the Canadian Community Health Survey. The point prevalence of depression was estimated by assessment of depressive symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire, Brief (Patient Health Questionnaire, 9-item)...
November 2015: General Hospital Psychiatry
Lucia Ricciardi, Benedetta Demartini, Aikaterini Fotopoulou, Mark J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Alexithymia has been considered a personality trait characterized by difficulties identifying and describing feelings and an externally oriented thinking style. A high rate of alexithymia is reported among patients with psychiatric and psychosomatic disorders. In this review, the authors examined the literature regarding the prevalence and importance of alexithymia in patients with neurological disorders. METHODS: A systematic search of the computerized databases MEDLINE and PubMed was conducted in order to identify papers on alexithymia in neurological disease...
2015: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Fidias E Leon-Sarmiento, Elías Granadillo, Edgardo A Bayona
Magnetic stimulation has called the attention of neuroscientists and the public due to the possibility to stimulate and "control" the nervous system in a non-invasive way. It has helped to make more accurate diagnosis, and apply more effective treatments and rehabilitation protocols in several diseases that affect the nervous system. Likewise, this novel tool has increased our knowledge about complex neural behavior, its connections as well as its plastic modulation. Magnetic stimulation applied in simple or paired-pulse protocols is a useful alternative in the diagnosis of diseases such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, epilepsy, dystonia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, and sleep disorders...
March 2013: Investigación Clínica
Stefano Zoccolella, Davide Martino, Giovanni Defazio, Paolo Lamberti, Paolo Livrea
Elevated plasma levels of homocysteine (Hcy) are a risk factor for systemic vascular diseases, stroke and vascular dementia. In recent years, increasing Hcy levels have been detected in neurological disorders that are not vascular in origin including Alzheimer's Disease and movement disorders (MD) such as idiopathic Parkinson's Disease (PD), Huntington's Disease (HD) and primary dystonia. Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in PD results from L-Dopa administration and its O-methylation dependent from catechol-O-methyltransferase and may be implicated in the development of motor complications and non-motor symptoms, such as dementia...
July 2006: Current Vascular Pharmacology
T M Domzał
Only in the second half of the 20th century a breakthrough occurred in the traditional neurological therapeutic methods based up to that time mainly on bromine with valerian extract and vitamins B. Later on in that century several great discoveries were made which improved greatly the effectiveness of the neurological therapy: psychopharmacology which began with the introduction of chlorpromazine and reserpine, the use of corticosteroids for which the Nobel award was given, levodopa introduction for Parkinson's disease, non-steroid antiinflammatory agents and the demonstration of their action mechanism /also Nobel award/, immunotherapy, botulin toxin for the treatment of dystonias and thrombolytic drugs possibly the drugs of the future...
1999: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
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