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superficial femoral artery, stent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548625/acute-procedural-outcomes-of-orbital-atherectomy-for-the-treatment-of-common-femoral-artery-disease-sub-analysis-of-the-confirm-registries
#1
Michael S Lee, Daniel Heikali, Jihad Mustapha, George Adams, Ehtisham Mahmud
This analysis compared the angiographic outcomes of patients treated with orbital atherectomy for calcified common femoral artery (CFA) and superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. The ideal revascularization strategy for CFA disease is unknown. Endarterectomy has been considered the standard of care for CFA disease for over 50 years. Endovascular intervention is becoming more commonly used to revascularize the CFA given the advances in technology and the less invasive nature of the procedure. Patient demographics, lesion characteristics, and procedure data for all CONFIRM patients with at least one CFA lesion location ( n=147 patients; n=200 lesions) were compared to patients with at least one SFA lesion location ( n=1508 patients; n=2367 lesions)...
May 1, 2017: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526046/balloon-versus-stenting-in-severe-ischaemia-of-the-leg-3-basil-3-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Benjamin D Hunt, Matthew A Popplewell, Huw Davies, Lewis Meecham, Hugh Jarrett, Gareth Bate, Margaret Grant, Smitaa Patel, Catherine Hewitt, Lazaros Andronis, Jonathan J Deeks, Andrew Bradbury
BACKGROUND: Severe limb ischaemia (SLI) is defined as the presence of rest pain and/or tissue loss secondary to lower extremity atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease. The superficial femoral and popliteal arteries are the most commonly diseased vessels in such patients and are being increasingly treated using endovascular revascularisation techniques. However, it is currently unknown whether drug-eluting stents and drug-coated balloons confer additional clinical benefits over more established techniques using plain balloons and bare metal stents, or whether they represent a cost-effective use of NHS resources...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501130/collateral-artery-pathways-of-the-femoral-and-popliteal-artery
#3
Rombout R Kruse, Denise E Doomernik, Kasper V Maltha, Jan G M Kooloos, Tamas L Kozicz, Michel M P J Reijnen
BACKGROUND: The role of collateral artery circulation in the lower limb is under debate but clinically relevant, particularly when using covered stents for occlusive disease. Covered stents seem to outperform nitinol stents in extensive disease, but collaterals could be essential in case of acute thrombosis. In the present study, we describe the collateral pathways of the deep and superficial femoral artery (DFA, SFA) and the popliteal artery (PA), observed in human cadavers. METHODS: Ten fresh frozen cadaver legs were selected...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487355/impact-of-fluoropolymer-based-paclitaxel-delivery-on-neointimal-proliferation-and-vascular-healing-a-comparative-peripheral-drug-eluting-stent-study-in-the-familial-hypercholesterolemic-swine-model-of-femoral-restenosis
#4
Pawel Gasior, Yanping Cheng, Andres F Valencia, Jenn McGregor, Gerard B Conditt, Grzegorz L Kaluza, Juan F Granada
BACKGROUND: A polymer-free peripheral paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES, Zilver PTX, Cook, IN) has shown to improve vessel patency after superficial femoral angioplasty. A new-generation fluoropolymer-based PES (FP-PES; Eluvia, Boston Scientific, MA) displaying more controlled and sustained paclitaxel delivery promise to improve the clinical outcomes of first-generation PES. We sought to compare the biological effect of paclitaxel delivered by 2 different stent-coating technologies (fluoropolymer-based versus polymer-free) on neointimal proliferation and healing response in the familial hypercholesterolemic swine model of femoral restenosis...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466410/the-distribution-of-calcified-nodule-and-plaque-rupture-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease-an-intravascular-ultrasound-analysis
#5
Tetsuo Horimatsu, Kenichi Fujii, Masashi Fukunaga, Kojiro Miki, Machiko Nishimura, Yoshiro Naito, Masahiko Shibuya, Takahiro Imanaka, Kenji Kawai, Hiroto Tamaru, Akinori Sumiyoshi, Ten Saita, Tohru Masuyama, Masaharu Ishihara
In addition to plaque rupture (PR), calcified nodule (CN) may also have the potential to develop into arterial thrombus in the peripheral arteries. This study evaluated the distribution of plaque ruptures and calcified nodules in the peripheral arteries and their impact on the outcome of endovascular therapy (EVT). Consecutive 159 patients who underwent EVT with intravascular ultrasound guidance were enrolled. The position of CNs and PRs were assigned to any of common iliac artery, external iliac artery, common femoral artery, and superficial femoral artery...
May 2, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457200/simultaneous-antegrade-retrograde-subintimal-revascularization-of-a-femoropopliteal-chronic-total-occlusion-by-a-reentry-device-facilitated-puncture-of-a-retrogradely-inserted-balloon
#6
Jan Peter Goltz, Susanne Anton, Marcus Wiedner, Jörg Barkhausen, Erik Stahlberg
PURPOSE: To report a rendezvous technique for subintimal revascularization of a chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the superficial femoral artery (SFA). TECHNIQUE: This maneuver is appropriate after failure to cross a long SFA CTO via intra- and subintimal approaches from the ipsilateral femoral as well as retrograde posterior tibial artery (PTA) access sites. After predilation of the subintimal space from the femoral access, a reentry device was placed at the level of the first popliteal artery segment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451834/penetration-rate-of-the-placement-of-a-drug-eluting-stent-for-the-treatment-of-superficial-femoral-artery-lesions-in-japan
#7
Shinsuke Mori, Keisuke Hirano, Yasutaka Yamauchi, Eijiro Hayashi, Tatsuki Doijiri, Takeshi Takamura, Atsuo Maeda, Jun Okuda, Koichi Mizuno, Yuko Onishi, Taku Iwaki, Kengo Tsukahara, Norihiko Shinozaki, Hiroshi Araki, Ken Kongoji, Teruyasu Sugano, Akira Miyamoto, Ichiro Michishita
Stent placement for treating superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions has been approved. The Zilver PTX stent, a drug-eluting stent (DES) for treating SFA lesions, has been available in Japan since 2012. However, the penetration rate of this DES has not yet been reported. This prospective multicenter registry study enrolled 314 patients (354 limbs) to be treated by stent placement in 2014 (UMIN000011551). The primary endpoint was the measurement of the penetration rate of the DES. The secondary endpoints were measuring the freedom from restenosis, freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR), freedom from major adverse limb event (MALE), and the survival rate at 12 months postoperatively...
April 27, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424222/randomized-comparison-of-paclitaxel-eluting-balloon-angioplasty-plus-stenting-versus-standard-balloon-angioplasty-plus-stenting-versus-directional-atherectomy-for-symptomatic-femoral-artery-disease-isar-stath
#8
Ilka Ott, Salvatore Cassese, Philipp Groha, Birgit Steppich, Martin Hadamitzky, Tareq Ibrahim, Sebastian Kufner, Karl Dewitz, Regina V Hiendlmayer, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Heribert Schunkert, Adnan Kastrati, Massimiliano Fusaro
Background -Atherosclerosis in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is common in patients suffering from peripheral artery disease. Paclitaxel-eluting balloon (PEB) angioplasty, stenting and directional atherectomy (DA) have provided new options for the treatment of SFA disease, however the comparative efficacy remains uncertain. Methods -One hundred and fifty five patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease with de novo SFA stenotic or occlusive lesions were randomized to treatment with plain balloon angioplasty (BA) followed by PEB angioplasty and stenting (n=48), BA followed by stenting (n=52) or directional DA with distal protection and bailout stenting (n=55)...
April 19, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400218/outcomes-of-the-japanese-multicenter-viabahn-trial-of-endovascular-stent-grafting-for-superficial-femoral-artery-lesions
#9
Takao Ohki, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Masaaki Uematsu, Terutoshi Yamaoka, Koji Maeda, Yuji Kanaoka
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess 1-year safety, efficacy, and invasiveness outcomes of endovascular stent grafting of symptomatic long lesions (≥10 cm) in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) as a substitute for above-knee open bypass surgery. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter (15 hospitals) study assessed heparin-coated stent grafts for the treatment of long SFA lesions in Japanese subjects with peripheral arterial disease. Inclusion criteria were Rutherford category 2 to 5 symptoms (grade 5 without active infection), ankle-brachial index ≤0...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377911/distal-femoral-arteriovenous-fistula-with-iliac-vein-thrombosis-after-blunt-trauma
#10
Duk Sil Kim, Sung Wan Kim, Hyun Seok Lee, Kyung Hwan Byun, Michael SungPil Choe
A 39-year-old woman arrived at our emergency department, complaining of severe pain and swelling of her left leg. She had slipped down stairs and injured on her left leg about 3 months ago. Computed tomography angiography showed left distal superficial femoral artery's pseudoaneurysm with arteriovenous fistula and thrombotic occlusion of left common iliac vein. We decided to do endovascular intervention due to severe venous hypertension and chronic inflammation around the fistula. The femoral arteriovenous fistula was closed via stent-graft (7 mm×5, 9 mm×5 cm) deployment...
March 2017: Vascular Specialist International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377342/-efficacy-of-drug-coated-balloon-and-common-balloon-for-treatment-of-superficial-femoral-artery-and-popliteal-artery-arteriosclerosis-obliterans-prospective-randomized-controlled-triac
#11
Jing-Yuan Lu, Jian-Ping Gu, Wen-Jian Xu, Wen-Sheng Lou, Tao Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compared the efficacy of drug-coated balloon and common balloon for treatment of superficial femoral artery and popliteal artery occlusive disease. METHODS: Forty-six patients were admitted for ipsilateral single or multiple superficial femoral artery and/or popliteal artery lesions (between 3 and 15 cm stenosis or occlusion), Rutherford grades 2 to 5, with or without other accompanying diseases in the Department of Interventional Vascular Therapy of the First Hospital of Nanjing between September, 2015 and December, 2016...
March 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372983/primary-stenting-of-the-superficial-femoral-artery-in-intermittent-claudication-improves-health-related-quality-of-life-abi-and-walking-distance-12-month-results-of-a-controlled-randomised-multicentre-trial
#12
H Lindgren, P Qvarfordt, M Åkesson, S Bergman, A Gottsäter
BACKGROUND: Invasive treatment of intermittent claudication (IC) because of severe atherosclerotic stenosis or occlusion in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is controversial. This prospective randomised trial was performed to assess the impact on health related quality of life (HRQoL) of primary stenting with nitinol self expanding stents compared with best medical treatment alone in patients suffering from stable IC due to SFA disease. METHODS: One hundred patients with stable IC caused by SFA disease from seven Swedish hospitals treated with best medical treatment (BMT) were randomised to either the stent (n = 48) or the control (n = 52) group...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366300/distal-embolization-during-lower-extremity-endovascular-interventions
#13
Cassius I Ochoa Chaar, Fatma Shebl, Bauer Sumpio, Alan Dardik, Jeffrey Indes, Timur Sarac
OBJECTIVE: Distal embolization (DE) during peripheral arterial endovascular interventions is a well-known complication that is poorly studied. The goal of this study was to determine the incidence, risk factors, and effect of DE on the outcomes of lower extremity endovascular interventions (LEIs). METHODS: All LEIs between 2010 and 2014 in the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) database were reviewed. Patient characteristics were analyzed to determine predictors of DE...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358184/the-role-of-drug-coated-balloons-in-in-stent-restenosis
#14
Martin Andrassy, Sultan Celik, Joachim Andrassy, Michael K Lichtenberg, Marianne Brodmann
INTRODUCTION: Despite a constantly expanding spectrum of therapeutic options for lower limb artery disease, there is not yet a well-defined consensus on the specific type of endovascular treatment that is best suited. Clinical data on patients with femoropopliteal disease treated with drug-coated balloons have not been elaborated sufficiently, especially in the case of in-stent restenosis (ISR). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: For this review a systematic research of the medical databases (http://www...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351208/angiographic-dissection-patterns-and-patency-outcomes-after-balloon-angioplasty-for-superficial-femoral-artery-disease
#15
Masahiko Fujihara, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Shinya Sasaki, Kiyonori Nanto, Makoto Utsunomiya, Osamu Iida, Yoshiaki Yokoi
PURPOSE: To investigate the angiographic dissection patterns after balloon angioplasty for superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions, the clinical outcome associated with each dissection pattern, and the predictive factors for severe dissection. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter analysis examined 621 patients (mean age 72.8±9.5 years; 414 men) with 748 symptomatic de novo SFA lesions treated with endovascular therapy. Vessel dissection after the initial balloon angioplasty procedure was graded into 7 types according to a modified version of the coronary artery classification types A to F...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318998/commentary-on-primary-stenting-of-the-superficial-femoral-artery-in-intermittent-claudication-improves-health-related-quality-of-life-ankle-brachial-index-and-walking-distance-12-month-results-of-a-controlled-randomised-multicentre-trial
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296239/stent-placement-in-the-superficial-femoral-and-proximal-popliteal-arteries-with-the-innova-self-expanding-bare-metal-stent-system
#17
Richard J Powell, Michael R Jaff, Herman Schroë, Andrew Benko, Juan Diaz-Cartelle, Stefan Müller-Hülsbeck
OBJECTIVES: The SuperNOVA trial was designed to evaluate performance of the Innova Vascular Self-Expanding Stent System (Boston Scientific, Marlborough, MA) for treating lesions in the femoropopliteal arteries. METHODS: Patients with chronic lower limb peripheral artery disease (Rutherford category 2, 3, or 4) and atherosclerotic lesions in the native superficial femoral and/or proximal popliteal artery (lengths 30-190 mm) were enrolled in this single-arm, multinational study...
March 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257770/nitinol-self-expanding-stents-for-the-superficial-femoral-artery
#18
REVIEW
Ashwin Nathan, Taisei Kobayashi, Jay Giri
The superficial femoral artery is a complex artery subject to a unique set of biomechanical loading conditions in its course through the leg. Plain balloon angioplasty and balloon-expandable stents had unacceptably high rates of restenosis, necessitating target vessel revascularization. Nitinol alloy is well suited to provide the strength and flexibility needed of stents to withstand the external forces posed by the environment of the superficial femoral artery. Advances in stent technology with the addition of a slow-releasing antiproliferative agent and changes in scaffold design have shown promise in reducing the rates of stent fracture and in-stent restenosis...
April 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254383/impact-of-stent-diameter-on-vascular-response-after-self-expanding-paclitaxel-eluting-stent-implantation-in-the-superficial-femoral-artery
#19
Kojiro Miki, Kenichi Fujii, Masahiko Shibuya, Masashi Fukunaga, Takahiro Imanaka, Kenji Kawai, Hiroto Tamaru, Akinori Sumiyoshi, Machiko Nishimura, Tetsuo Horimatsu, Ten Saita, Nagataka Yoshihara, Takumi Kimura, Yasuhiro Honda, Peter J Fitzgerald, Tohru Masuyama, Masaharu Ishihara
BACKGROUND: The optimal sizing of self-expanding paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES) in the treatment for superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions is unclear. This study sought to investigate the influence of PES diameter on stent patency in SFA lesions using optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI). METHODS: A total of 20 de novo SFA lesions were randomized 1:1 to receive either self-expanding PES with a nominal diameter of 6mm or 8mm. Follow-up angiography and OFDI was scheduled six months after stent implantation, and volumetric OFDI analysis was performed to evaluate vascular response to the stents...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251562/how-should-recent-endovascular-trials-for-femoropopliteal-artery-disease-be-interpreted
#20
REVIEW
Yoshiaki Yokoi
Most cases of femoral-popliteal disease require aggressive medical treatment, but patients with severe lifestyle-limiting symptoms and limb-threatening disease are increasingly receiving endovascular treatment. The femoropopliteal artery is the longest vessel in the thigh and the unique physical forces involved in this vessel are considered to cause high rates of restenosis and stent fracture. Endovascular therapy for superficial artery (SFA) disease is still a challenge in terms of long-term patency and clinical effectiveness...
March 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
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