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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213605/2017-recommendations-for-preventive-pediatric-health-care
#1
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Recommendations for Preventive Pediatric Health Care (Periodicity Schedule) have been approved by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and represents a consensus of AAP and the Bright Futures Periodicity Schedule Workgroup. Each child and family is unique; therefore, these recommendations are designed for the care of children who are receiving competent parenting, have no manifestations of any important health problems, and are growing and developing in a satisfactory fashion. Developmental, psychosocial, and chronic disease issues for children and adolescents may require frequent counseling and treatment visits separate from preventive care visits...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#2
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#3
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203335/is-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-developmental-screening-test-valid-and-reliable-for-persian-speaking-children
#4
Farin Soleimani, Nadia Azari, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Soheila Shahshahani, Hossein Karimi, Adis Kraskian, Amin Shahrokhi, Robab Teymouri, Masoud Gharib
BACKGROUND: Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have substantially improved the survival of at-risk infants over the past two decades. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Bayley Scales of infant and toddler developmental Screening test in Persian-speaking children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional prospective study of 403 children aged 1 - 42-months. The Bayley scales screening instrument, which consists of five domains (cognitive, receptive, and expressive communication and fine and gross motor items), was used to measure infants' and toddlers' development...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202204/expedited-partner-therapy-a-review-for-the-pediatric-nurse-practitioner
#5
Lauren M Hopson, Sabrina Opiola McCauley
The rate of sexually transmitted infections in the United States increased in 2015 for the second year in a row. Adolescents bear an undue portion of this burden because of increased physiologic susceptibility, higher rates of reinfection, and developmental age. Despite expedited partner therapy (EPT) being legalized in 39 states, health care providers still report infrequently providing EPT to their adolescent patients. Patients who benefit most from EPT include those with high-risk sexual behavior, a steady relationship status, higher education level, or an established relationship with the provider...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196854/hypothalamic-transcriptomic-alterations-in-male-and-female-california-mice-peromyscus-californicus-developmentally-exposed-to-bisphenol-a-or-ethinyl-estradiol
#6
Sarah A Johnson, William G Spollen, Lindsey K Manshack, Nathan J Bivens, Scott A Givan, Cheryl S Rosenfeld
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) prevalent in many household items. Rodent models and human epidemiological studies have linked this chemical to neurobehavior impairments. In California mice, developmental exposure to BPA results in sociosexual disorders at adulthood, including communication and biparental care deficits, behaviors that are primarily regulated by the hypothalamus. Thus, we sought to examine the transcriptomic profile in this brain region of juvenile male and female California mice offspring exposed from periconception through lactation to BPA or ethinyl estradiol (EE, estrogen present in birth control pills and considered a positive estrogen control for BPA studies)...
February 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188857/sensitivity-to-carbon-dioxide-and-translational-studies-of-anxiety-disorders
#7
Marco Battaglia
Heightened concentrations of CO2 in inhaled air provoke temporary acidification of the brain, followed by compensatory hyperventilation and increased arousal/anxiety. These responses are likely to map a basic, latent general alarm/avoidance system that is largely shared across mammals, and are sources of individual differences. By showing paroxysmal respiratory and emotional responses to CO2 challenges, humans with panic and separation anxiety disorders lie at one extreme of the distribution for CO2 sensitivity...
February 7, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186873/pre-operative-simulation-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-via-a-three-dimensional-model-constructed-from-salt
#8
Kensuke Fukushima, Naonobu Takahira, Katsufumi Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Moriya, Masashi Takaso
INTRODUCTION: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an effective joint-preserving procedure for young adults with developmental dysplasia of the hip. Although PAO provides excellent radiographic and clinical results, it is a technically demanding procedure with a distinct learning curve that requires careful 3D planning and, above all, has a number of potential complications. We therefore developed a pre-operative simulation method for PAO via creation of a new full-scale model. METHODS: The model was prepared from the patient's Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) formatted data from computed tomography (CT), for construction and assembly using 3D printing technology...
2017: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186713/fetal-alcohol-research-caring-for-patients-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-a-needs-assessment
#9
Vincent C Smith, Phillip Matthias, Yasmin N Senturias, Renee M Turchi, Janet F Williams
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is the United States' most common preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and developmental disabilities collectively referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify gaps in pediatric providers' knowledge and practices regarding FASD patient identification, diagnosis, management and referral, and to inform needs-based FASD resource development. METHODS: Pediatric providers (pediatricians, trainees, nurse practitioners) were exposed to survey links embedded in newsletters electronically distributed to the membership of two national professional societies...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186000/monitoring-fetal-maturation-objectives-techniques-and-indices-of-autonomic-function
#10
Dirk Hoyer, Jan Zebrowski, Dirk Cysarz, Hernani Goncalves, Adelina Pytlik, Celia Amorim-Costa, Joao Bernardes, Diogo Ayres-de-Campos, Otto Witte, Ekkehard Schleussner, Lisa Stroux, Christopher Redman, Antoniya Georgieva, Stephen Payne, Gari Clifford, Maria Signorini, Giovanni Magenes, Fernando Andreotti, Hagen Malberg, Sebastian Zaunseder, Igor Lakhno, Uwe Schneider
Monitoring the fetal behavior does not only have implications for acute care but also for identifying developmental disturbances that burden the entire later life. The concept, of "fetal programming", also known as "developmental origins of adult disease hypothesis", e.g. applies for cardiovascular, metabolic, hyperkinetic, cognitive disorders. Since the autonomic nervous system is involved in all of those systems, cardiac autonomic control may provide relevant functional diagnostic and prognostic information...
February 10, 2017: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185896/lateralized-swim-positions-are-conserved-across-environments-for-beluga-delphinapterus-leucas-mother-calf-pairs
#11
Heather M Hill, Sara Guarino, Amber Calvillo, Antonio Gonzalez, Kristy Zuniga, Chris Bellows, Lori Polasek, Christy Sims
Research with wild belugas has indicated that, during mother-calf swims, calves spend more time on their mothers' right side, which enables the calves to maintain visual contact with their mothers using their left eye. This bias may facilitate processing of social information by the right hemisphere, much like human and non-human primates and other animals. The current study explored the social laterality of the Cook Inlet, AK beluga population in comparison to a beluga population in managed care. As expected, the results indicated that the calves spent more time on the mothers' right side than the left for both populations...
February 6, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180119/nonemergent-patients-in-the-emergency-department-an-ethnographic-study
#12
Amir Mirhaghi, Abbas Heydari, Mohsen Ebrahimi, Mohsen Noghani Dokht Bahmani
BACKGROUND: Triage in the interactive atmosphere of the emergency department (ED) has been described as complex and challenging. Nonemergent ED visits have been accompanied by ethical and legal conflicts. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gain an understanding of ED nurses' practice regarding triage of nonemergent patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Focused micro-ethnography based on Spradley's developmental research sequence (DRS) was used...
September 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#13
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178739/methamphetamine-consumption-during-pregnancy-effects-on-child-health
#14
Jürgen Dinger, Patricia Hinner, Jörg Reichert, Mario Rüdiger
Methamphetamine abuse during pregnancy represents an emerging health care problem. The consequences are not only of relevance to the pregnant women, but also their unborn child. It is associated with an increased risk of preeclampsia and hypertension, fetal demise, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth restriction. The deleterious effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure on the developing fetal brain may lead to long-term neuro-developmental and behavioral problems.Given the current evidence, abuse of methamphetamine during pregnancy must be of utmost concern to health care professionals and to policy-makers...
February 8, 2017: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171696/predicting-changes-in-adaptive-functioning-and-behavioral-adjustment-following-treatment-for-a-pediatric-brain-tumor-a-report-from-the-brain-radiation-investigative-study-consortium
#15
Kristen R Hoskinson, Kelly R Wolfe, Keith Owen Yeates, E Mark Mahone, Kim M Cecil, M Douglas Ris
OBJECTIVE: Children are at risk for behavioral and adaptive difficulties following pediatric brain tumor. This study explored whether familial/demographic, developmental, diagnostic, or treatment-related variables best predict post-treatment behavioral and adaptive functioning. METHODS: Participants included 40 children (mean age = 12.76 years, SD = 4.01) post-treatment (mean time since diagnosis = 1.99 years, SD = 0.21) for pediatric brain tumor...
February 7, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169108/prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-hypertrophic-labrum-in-non-dysplastic-hips
#16
Yong-Chan Ha, Young-Kyun Lee, Kyung-Hoi Koo, Ki-Bum Kwon, Sang-Heon Song
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic labrum in dysplastic hip has been frequently reported and is known as limbus in developmental dysplasia of the hip. However, hypertrophic labrum without hip dysplasia has not been reported to date. The purpose of this study was to define hypertrophic labrum and to investigate the prevalence and clinical significance of an abnormally hypertrophic labrum in non-dysplastic hips. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, direct CT arthrography was performed in 464 patients (470 hips) who had chronic groin pain and positive impingement or Faber test...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167642/what-can-large-population-based-birth-cohort-study-ask-about-past-present-and-future-of-children-with-disorders-of-development-learning-and-behaviour
#17
Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Scott M Myers, Robert G Voigt, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Ruth E Stoeckel, Amy L Weaver
A large cohort consisting of all children born to mothers from community provides 'natural' selection into different exposures and is a powerful resource for epidemiological research. A large population-based birth cohort with detailed systematic information already recorded, as part of longitudinal medical care, historical and current school data, detailed birth certificate data and all three resources available for every member of the birth cohort, are extremely rare. Our population-based birth cohort consists of all children born between 1976 and 2000 to mothers residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota, at the time of child's birth (N=39 890)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165368/reducing-low-birth-weight-among-african-americans-in-the-midwest-a-look-at-how-faith-based-organizations-are-poised-to-inform-and-influence-health-communication-on-the-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-dohad
#18
Crystal Y Lumpkins, Jarron M Saint Onge
Low birth weight (LBW) rates remain the highest among African Americans despite public health efforts to address these disparities; with some of the highest racial disparities in the Midwest (Kansas). The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) perspective offers an explanation for how LBW contributes to racial health disparities among African Americans and informs a community directed health communication framework for creating sustainable programs to address these disparities. Trusted community organizations such as faith-based organizations are well situated to explain health communication gaps that may occur over the life course...
February 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163912/the-benefits-of-youth-are-lost-on-the-young-cardiac-arrest-patient
#19
REVIEW
Brian Griffith, Patrick Kochanek, Cameron Dezfulian
Children and young adults tend to have reduced mortality and disability after acquired brain injuries such as trauma or stroke and across other disease processes seen in critical care medicine. However, after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), outcomes are remarkably similar across age groups. The consistent lack of witnessed arrests and a high incidence of asphyxial or respiratory etiology arrests among pediatric and young adult patients with OHCA account for a substantial portion of the difference in outcomes...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163203/the-high-variability-of-the-chiasma-plantare-and-the-long-flexor-tendons-anatomical-aspects-of-tendon-transfer-in-foot-surgery
#20
Bettina Pretterklieber
As tendon transfer of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and the flexor digitorum longus (FDL) is an established procedure, exact knowledge of the formation of the chiasma plantare is of great interest. Although the quadratus plantae (QP) appears to play a major role, it has been rarely addressed in previous studies. The aim of the present study was to reinvestigate the formation of the chiasma plantare and the composition of the long flexor tendons in order to clarify the inexact and partly contradictory descriptions published from 1865 onward...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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