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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815550/fertility-preservation-in-women-with-borderline-ovarian-tumors-how-does-it-impact-disease-outcome-a-cohort-study
#1
Limor Helpman, Assaf Yaniv, Mario E Beiner, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Tamar Perri, Gilad Ben-Baruch, Liat Hogen Ben-David, Ariella Jakobson-Setton, Jacob Korach
INTRODUCTION: Borderline ovarian tumors are typically indolent neoplasms. Since many are diagnosed in younger women, fertility conservation is an important consideration and has been advocated based on retrospective data. The objective of this study was to identify features impacting on recurrence and survival in a series of borderline ovarian tumors, and to assess the safety of a fertility-sparing approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A historical cohort study of consecutive borderline ovarian tumors cases treated at a single institution over 30 years (1981-2011)...
August 16, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812837/labont%C3%A3-identifies-key-issues-for-health-promoters-in-the-new-world-order-comment-on-health-promotion-in-an-age-of-normative-equity-and-rampant-inequality
#2
Dennis Raphael Raphael
For over 35 years Ronald Labonté has been critically analyzing the state of health promotion in Canada and the world. In 1981, he identified the shortcomings of the groundbreaking Lalonde Report by warning of the seductive appeal of so-called lifestyle approaches to health. Since then, he has left a trail of critical work identifying the barriers to - and opportunities for -health promotion work. More recently, he has shown how the rise of economic globalization and acceptance of neo-liberal ideology has come to threaten the health of those in both developed and developing nations...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807298/using-a-rule-based-envelope-model-to-predict-the-expansion-of-habitat-suitability-within-new-zealand-for-the-tick-haemaphysalis-longicornis-with-future-projections-based-on-two-climate-change-scenarios
#3
K E Lawrence, S R Summers, A C G Heath, A M J McFadden, D J Pulford, A B Tait, W E Pomroy
Haemaphysalis longicornis is the only species of tick present in New Zealand which infests livestock and is also the only competent vector for Theileria orientalis. Since 2012, New Zealand has suffered from an epidemic of infectious bovine anaemia associated with T. orientalis, an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite of cattle and buffaloes. The aim of this study was to predict the spatial distribution of habitat suitability of New Zealand for the tick H. longicornis using a simple rule-based climate envelope model, to validate the model against published data and use the validated model to project an expansion in habitat suitability for H...
August 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803223/social-responsibilities-of-a-physician-reflections-of-major-general-s-l-bhatia-1891-1981
#4
Radhika Hegde, Mario Vaz
This paper examines various documents written by Major General SL Bhatia CIE, MC, IMS from the 1920s to the1960s on the "Social Responsibilities of a Physician". His reflections are of historical significance, since they provide us with an insight into the challenges confronting the people who attempted to rebuild a nation plagued by poverty resulting from fractured agricultural growth, a feudalistic social structure and the regional inequalities that accompany it, and prolonged imperial rule, among other things...
July 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803203/use-of-bias-correction-techniques-to-improve-seasonal-forecasts-for-reservoirs-a-case-study-in-northwestern-mediterranean
#5
Raül Marcos, Ma Carmen Llasat, Pere Quintana-Seguí, Marco Turco
In this paper, we have compared different bias correction methodologies to assess whether they could be advantageous for improving the performance of a seasonal prediction model for volume anomalies in the Boadella reservoir (northwestern Mediterranean). The bias correction adjustments have been applied on precipitation and temperature from the European Centre for Middle-range Weather Forecasting System 4 (S4). We have used three bias correction strategies: two linear (mean bias correction, BC, and linear regression, LR) and one non-linear (Model Output Statistics analogs, MOS-analog)...
August 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799463/rebuilding-research-capacity-in-fragile-states-the-case-of-a-somali-swedish-global-health-initiative
#6
Abdirisak Ahmed Dalmar, Abdullahi Sheik Hussein, Said Ahmed Walhad, Abdirashid Omer Ibrahim, Abshir Ali Abdi, Mohamed Khalid Ali, Derie Ismail Ereg, Khadra Ali Egal, Abdulkadir Mohamed Shirwa, Mohamed Hussain Aden, Marian Warsame Yusuf, Yakoub Aden Abdi, Lennart Freij, Annika Johansson, Khalif Bile Mohamud, Yusuf Abdulkadir, Maria Emmelin, Jaran Eriksen, Kerstin Erlandsson, Lars L Gustafsson, Anneli Ivarsson, Marie Klingberg-Allvin, John Kinsman, Carina Källestål, Mats Målqvist, Fatumo Osman, Lars-Åke Persson, Klas-Göran Sahlén, Stig Wall
This paper presents an initiative to revive the previous Somali-Swedish Research Cooperation, which started in 1981 and was cut short by the civil war in Somalia. A programme focusing on research capacity building in the health sector is currently underway through the work of an alliance of three partner groups: six new Somali universities, five Swedish universities, and Somali diaspora professionals. Somali ownership is key to the sustainability of the programme, as is close collaboration with Somali health ministries...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782390/treatment-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-in-hiv-infected-patients-a-review
#7
Yu-Shan Huang, Jen-Jia Yang, Nan-Yao Lee, Guan-Jhou Chen, Wen-Chien Ko, Hsin-Yun Sun, Chien-Ching Hung
Pneumocystis pneumonia is a potentially life-threatening pulmonary infection that occurs in immunocompromised individuals and HIV-infected patients with a low CD4 cell count. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole has been used as the first-line agent for treatment, but mutations within dihydropteroate synthase gene render potential resistance to sulfamide. Despite advances of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), Pneumocystis pneumonia continues to occur in HIV-infected patients with late presentation for cART or virological and immunological failure after receiving cART...
August 5, 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780055/-amoxicillin-induced-skin-rash-sparing-a-plaque-of-erythema-migrans-renb%C3%A3-k-phenomenon-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
M Dumas, L Blum, E Begon
INTRODUCTION: Renbök phenomenon describes the inhibition of a lesion when a different one appears. We describe the first case of Renbök phenomenon occurring in a context of erythema migrans (EM) spared by an amoxicillin-induced skin rash and we also present a literature review. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old patient was treated with amoxicillin for EM on the right knee and subsequently developed generalized erythema as a result of an antibiotic-induced skin rash, with sparing of the area previously affected by EM...
August 2, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777816/disentangling-the-effects-of-a-century-of-eutrophication-and-climate-warming-on-freshwater-lake-fish-assemblages
#9
Peter C Jacobson, Gretchen J A Hansen, Bethany J Bethke, Timothy K Cross
Eutrophication and climate warming are profoundly affecting fish in many freshwater lakes. Understanding the specific effects of these stressors is critical for development of effective adaptation and remediation strategies for conserving fish populations in a changing environment. Ecological niche models that incorporated the individual effects of nutrient concentration and climate were developed for 25 species of fish sampled in standard gillnet surveys from 1,577 Minnesota lakes. Lake phosphorus concentrations and climates were hindcasted to a pre-disturbance period of 1896-1925 using existing land use models and historical temperature data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771766/impact-of-coxsackievirus-a6-emergence-on-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-epidemic-in-osaka-city-japan
#10
Daiki Kanbayashi, Atsushi Kaida, Seiji P Yamamoto, Yuki Hirai, Hideyuki Kubo, Ryoko Fujimori, Noritaka Hakui, Hidetetsu Hirokawa, Nobuhiro Iritani
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute febrile illness characterized by fever; sore throat; and vesicular eruptions on the hands, feet, and oral mucosa. Until 2010, HFMD was predominantly associated with enterovirus (EV) A71 and coxsackievirus (CV) A16 in Japan. In 2011, CV-A6 emerged as a primary causative agent, causing the largest HFMD epidemic in Japan since 1981. Since then, CV-A6 has caused large HFMD epidemics every 2 years. The phylogenetic analysis of complete Viral Protein 1 (VP1) sequences revealed that most CV-A6 strains detected from 2011 to 2015 in Osaka City were classified into a different clade compared with CV-A6 strains detected from 1999 until 2009...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769616/molecular-assessment-of-three-species-of-anilocra-isopoda-cymothoidae-ectoparasites-from-caribbean-coral-reef-fishes-with-the-description-of-anilocra-brillae-sp-n
#11
Rachel L Welicky, Kerry A Hadfield, Paul C Sikkel, Nico J Smit
A morphological review and molecular characterization of Anilocra haemuli Bunkley Williams & Williams, 1981, were completed using specimens collected from Haemulon flavolineatum Desmarest, 1823 (French grunt) and Epinephelus guttatus Linnaeus, 1758 (red hind). Molecular and morphological data suggest that the isopods parasitizing H. flavolineatum and E. guttatus are different species. The specimens collected from E. guttatus are recognized as a new species, Anilocra brillaesp. n. Differences between Anilocra brillaesp...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769602/taxonomic-notes-on-the-armored-spiders-of-the-families-pacullidae-and-tetrablemmidae-arachnida-araneae-from-singapore
#12
Yucheng Lin, Joseph K H Koh, Seppo Koponen, Shuqiang Li
Eight species of armored spiders belonging to two families, Pacullidae Simon, 1894 and Tetrablemmidae O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873, are reported from Singapore. Five species are documented as new to science: Paculla bukittimahensis Lin & Li, sp. n. (male and female), Paculla globosa Lin & Li, sp. n. (male and female), Ablemma malacca Lin & Li, sp. n. (male and female), Singaporemma lenachanae Lin & Li, sp. n. (male and female), and Sulaimania brevis Lin & Li, sp. n. (male). The three known species are Brignoliella besutensis Lin, Li & Jäger, 2012, Brignoliella michaeli Lehtinen, 1981, and Singaporemma singulare Shear, 1978, of which the female of Brignoliella besutensis is described for the first time...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759744/declining-and-fluctuating-prevalence-values-of-hearing-impairment-in-18-year-old-swedish-men-during-three-decades
#13
Per Muhr, Ann-Christin Johnson, Ulf Rosenhall
OBJECTIVE: To analyze time trends in prevalence of hearing impairment in almost complete birth cohorts of 18-year old Swedish men from 1970s up to 2010. STUDY GROUPS: Before 1999, all 18-year old men, in Sweden, were called for a compulsory conscription examination. In 1971-1999, the participation rate in audiometry was 73-95%. After 1999, when exemption from conscription was allowed, the participation rate gradually declined to 52% in 2004. Samples with participation rates below 50% (2005-2010) were considered non-representative and excluded from the analyses...
July 23, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756627/pathogen-reduced-platelets-for-the-prevention-of-bleeding
#14
REVIEW
Lise J Estcourt, Reem Malouf, Sally Hopewell, Marialena Trivella, Carolyn Doree, Simon J Stanworth, Michael F Murphy
BACKGROUND: Platelet transfusions are used to prevent and treat bleeding in people who are thrombocytopenic. Despite improvements in donor screening and laboratory testing, a small risk of viral, bacterial, or protozoal contamination of platelets remains. There is also an ongoing risk from newly emerging blood transfusion-transmitted infections for which laboratory tests may not be available at the time of initial outbreak.One solution to reduce the risk of blood transfusion-transmitted infections from platelet transfusion is photochemical pathogen reduction, in which pathogens are either inactivated or significantly depleted in number, thereby reducing the chance of transmission...
July 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751789/trends-in-inequality-in-length-of-life-in-india-a-decomposition-analysis-by-age-and-causes-of-death
#15
Abhishek Singh, Ankita Shukla, Faujdar Ram, Kaushalendra Kumar
BACKGROUND: Studies dealing with trends in inequality in length of life in India are rare. Studies documenting the contribution of age and causes of death to the inequality in length of life are more limited. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to examine the trends in inequality in length of life in India and 15 major states of India and to decompose the inequality in length of life into the contributions of age and causes of death. METHOD: We use life table Gini coefficient (G0) to measure the inequality in length of life...
2017: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751221/labdane-diterpenoids-as-potential-anti-inflammatory-agents
#16
REVIEW
Quy T N Tran, W S Fred Wong, Christina L L Chai
The search for new anti-inflammatory agents is challenging due to the complexity of the inflammatory process and its role in host defense. Over the past few decades, a significant body of evidence has emerged, supporting the prominent role of labdane diterpenoids in therapeutic interventions of various inflammatory diseases. The anti-inflammatory activity of labdane diterpenoids has been attributed mainly to the inhibition of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity, the modulation of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism and the reduction of nitric oxide (NO) production...
July 25, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748096/unemployment-and-hiv-mortality-in-the-countries-of-the-organisation-for-economic-co-operation-and-development-1981-2009
#17
Mahiben Maruthappu, Charlie Zhou, Callum Williams, Thomas Zeltner, Rifat Atun
OBJECTIVES: To determine an association between unemployment rates and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) mortality in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). DESIGN: Multivariate regression analysis. PARTICIPANTS: OECD member states. SETTING: OECD. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: World Health Organization HIV mortality. RESULTS: Between 1981 and 2009, a 1% increase in unemployment was associated with an increase in HIV mortality in the OECD (coefficient for men 0...
July 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747769/response-of-cotton-phenology-to-climate-change-on-the-north-china-plain-from-1981-to-2012
#18
Zhanbiao Wang, Jing Chen, Fangfang Xing, Yingchun Han, Fu Chen, Lifeng Zhang, Yabing Li, Cundong Li
To identify countermeasures for the impacts of climate change on crop production, exploring the changes in crop phenology and their relationship to climate change is required. This study was based on cotton phenology and climate data collected from 13 agro-meteorological experimental stations and 13 meteorological stations on the North China Plain from 1981 to 2012. Spatiotemporal trends in the cotton phenology data, lengths of the different growing phases, mean temperatures, and rainfall were analyzed. These results indicated that warming accelerated cotton growth, advanced cotton phenology, and shortened the growing period of cotton...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742003/hepatitis-c-virus-subtype-3a-was-introduced-in-the-ussr-in-the-early-1980s
#19
Victor A Manuylov, Elena V Chub, Vera S Kichatova, Natalya V Soboleva, Olga V Isaeva, Andrey A Zamyatnin, Sergey V Netesov
A total of 2120 nucleotide sequences of the NS5b region of HCV subtype 3a were analysed, including 310 strains derived from former republics of the USSR (Azerbaijan, Estonia, Lithuania, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). Among the viral isolates collected from former regions of the Soviet Union, 294 strains formed 3 sustained phylogenetic clusters, with each having a common origin. Phylodynamic analysis demonstrated that the most recent common ancestors of the current strains inside the three clusters were introduced into the USSR population in 1981±1, 1984±2 and 1985±2, respectively (the confidence intervals were calculated using Student's t-distribution, P<0...
July 26, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738391/updated-palate-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Hsueh-Yu Li
Initially described in 1981, uvulopalatopharyngoplasty was the first surgical procedure specially designed at the palatal level for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). To date, palatal surgery remains the most commonly used surgery for OSA. The advancement of this surgery over the past 30 years has been a process of evolution in concepts, examination, and technique to increase safety and effectiveness in the treatment of OSA. Concept changes have emerged in the disease etiology, purpose of surgery, treatment priorities, staging of operations, integration therapy, and surgical endpoints...
2017: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
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