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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781567/localized-vaginal-uterine-rhabdomyosarcoma-results-of-a-pooled-analysis-from-four-international-cooperative-groups
#1
Veronique Minard-Colin, David Walterhouse, Gianni Bisogno, Helene Martelli, James Anderson, David A Rodeberg, Andrea Ferrari, Meriel Jenney, Suzanne Wolden, Gianluca De Salvo, Carola Arndt, Johannes H M Merks, Soledad Gallego, Dominique Schwob, Christine Haie-Meder, Christophe Bergeron, Michael C G Stevens, Odile Oberlin, Douglas Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Vaginal/uterine rhabdomyosarcoma (VU RMS) is one of the most favorable RMS sites. To determine the optimal therapy, the experience of four cooperative groups (Children's Oncology Group [COG], International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Malignant Mesenchymal Tumor Group [MMT], Italian Cooperative Soft Tissue Sarcoma Group [ICG], and European pediatric Soft tissue sarcoma Study Group [EpSSG]) was analyzed. PROCEDURE: From 1981 to 2009, 237 patients were identified...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780841/correlation-between-quality-of-evidence-and-number-of-citations-in-top-50-cited-articles-on-elbow-medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Robert A Jack, Kyle R Sochacki, Hannah A Morehouse, Patrick C McCulloch, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris
Background: Several studies have analyzed the most cited articles in shoulder, elbow, pediatrics, and foot and ankle surgery. However, no study has analyzed the quality of the most cited articles in elbow medial ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) surgery. Purpose: To (1) identify the top 50 most cited articles related to UCL surgery, (2) determine whether there was a correlation between the top cited articles and level of evidence, and (3) determine whether there was a correlation between study methodological quality and the top cited articles...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767274/retraction-note-to-diverging-views-of-epigenesis-the-wolff-blumenbach-debate
#3
Andrea Gambarotto
The author has retracted this article (Gambarotto 2017) as it contains sections that substantially overlap with the following publications (Roe 1981; Dupont 2007; Witt 2008).
May 16, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766229/clinical-status-and-treatment-of-liver-metastasis-of-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-using-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#4
Yoshiyuki Saito, Kiminori Sugino, Hiroshi Takami, Kenichi Matsuzu, Takashi Uruno, Keiko Ohkuwa, Wataru Kitagawa, Mitsuji Nagahama, Hirofumi Kawakubo, Koichi Ito, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients with liver metastasis of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has not been sufficiently defined, because liver metastasis of DTC has been described mostly as case reports. Additionally, such patients are considered end-of-treatment responders. A relatively new approach using tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) may provide opportunities to manage systemic metastasis. This study aims to define the clinical features of DTC patients with liver metastasis and evaluate the benefits of TKIs...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764177/solidarity-and-compassion-prisoners-as-hospice-volunteers-in-poland
#5
Piotr Krakowiak, Renata Deka, Anna Janowicz
Democracy in Eastern Europe arrived after a long fight with a communist regime, and the activities of medical volunteers have been developing in opposition to the existing then in Poland mentality called Homo Sovieticus. From 1981 onwards the Polish Hospice Movement there was inspired by practitioners and international experiences brought by visits of Dr. Cicely Saunders. The history of modern end-of-life care in Poland was connected to caring communities, which could be called compassionate, because of the volunteering of all hospice team members...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757565/-the-development-of-techniques-served-to-widen-the-lateral-velopharyngeal-space-for-treating-osahs
#6
REVIEW
Jing Yan Huang, Xiang Min Zhang
Since Fujita first described uvulopalatopharyngoplasty(UPPP)in 1981,UPPP and its modified procedures have been widely used to treat obstructive sleep apnea and hyponea syndrome(OSAHS).However,despite of its wide application,the success rates was uncertain,ranging from 20% to 80%,with patients of varing Friedman stages.It is well known that the principle of UPPP is to remove the redundant tissue of palate,elongated uvula and hypertrophic tonsils in order to widen the anteroposterior space at the level of palate...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754777/international-validation-of-the-consensus-immunoscore-for-the-classification-of-colon-cancer-a-prognostic-and-accuracy-study
#7
Franck Pagès, Bernhard Mlecnik, Florence Marliot, Gabriela Bindea, Fang-Shu Ou, Carlo Bifulco, Alessandro Lugli, Inti Zlobec, Tilman T Rau, Martin D Berger, Iris D Nagtegaal, Elisa Vink-Börger, Arndt Hartmann, Carol Geppert, Julie Kolwelter, Susanne Merkel, Robert Grützmann, Marc Van den Eynde, Anne Jouret-Mourin, Alex Kartheuser, Daniel Léonard, Christophe Remue, Julia Y Wang, P Bavi, Michael H A Roehrl, Pamela S Ohashi, Linh T Nguyen, SeongJun Han, Heather L MacGregor, Sara Hafezi-Bakhtiari, Bradly G Wouters, Giuseppe V Masucci, Emilia K Andersson, Eva Zavadova, Michal Vocka, Jan Spacek, Lubos Petruzelka, Bohuslav Konopasek, Pavel Dundr, Helena Skalova, Kristyna Nemejcova, Gerardo Botti, Fabiana Tatangelo, Paolo Delrio, Gennaro Ciliberto, Michele Maio, Luigi Laghi, Fabio Grizzi, Tessa Fredriksen, Bénédicte Buttard, Mihaela Angelova, Angela Vasaturo, Pauline Maby, Sarah E Church, Helen K Angell, Lucie Lafontaine, Daniela Bruni, Carine El Sissy, Nacilla Haicheur, Amos Kirilovsky, Anne Berger, Christine Lagorce, Jeffrey P Meyers, Christopher Paustian, Zipei Feng, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Jeroen Dijkstra, Carlijn van de Water, Shannon van Lent-van Vliet, Nikki Knijn, Ana-Maria Mușină, Dragos-Viorel Scripcariu, Boryana Popivanova, Mingli Xu, Tomonobu Fujita, Shoichi Hazama, Nobuaki Suzuki, Hiroaki Nagano, Kiyotaka Okuno, Toshihiko Torigoe, Noriyuki Sato, Tomohisa Furuhata, Ichiro Takemasa, Kyogo Itoh, Prabhu S Patel, Hemangini H Vora, Birva Shah, Jayendrakumar B Patel, Kruti N Rajvik, Shashank J Pandya, Shilin N Shukla, Yili Wang, Guanjun Zhang, Yutaka Kawakami, Francesco M Marincola, Paolo A Ascierto, Daniel J Sargent, Bernard A Fox, Jérôme Galon
BACKGROUND: The estimation of risk of recurrence for patients with colon carcinoma must be improved. A robust immune score quantification is needed to introduce immune parameters into cancer classification. The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic value of total tumour-infiltrating T-cell counts and cytotoxic tumour-infiltrating T-cells counts with the consensus Immunoscore assay in patients with stage I-III colon cancer. METHODS: An international consortium of 14 centres in 13 countries, led by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer, assessed the Immunoscore assay in patients with TNM stage I-III colon cancer...
May 10, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754281/multiparity-age-and-overweight-obesity-as-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Leila Barbosa, Alessandra Boaviagem, Eduarda Moretti, Andrea Lemos
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Multiparity, age and high body mass index (BMI) are the most widely investigated factors associated with urinary incontinence (UI) during pregnancy. We hypothesized that multiparity, age 35 years or older and high BMI (prepregnancy and during pregnancy) are risk factors for the occurrence of UI in pregnant women. METHODS: Searches were done on MEDLINE/PubMed (1966-2017), LILACS/BIREME (1982-2017), CINAHL/Ebsco (1981-2017) and Scopus/Elsevier (1950-2017)...
May 12, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752092/a-novel-porous-bioceramic-scaffold-by-accumulating-hydroxyapatite-spheres-for-large-bone-tissue-engineering-iii-characterization-of-porous-structure
#9
Jingwei Zhang, Dongqin Xiao, Xu He, Feng Shi, Pinfeng Luo, Wei Zhi, Ke Duan, Jie Weng
Physical characteristics of bone tissue engineering scaffolds, including interconnectivity, microporosity, macroporosity, and pore geometry are known to play a crucial role in bone regeneration. In the present study, three-dimensional (3D) interconnected scaffolds were prepared by accumulating hydroxyapatite (HA) spheres in a titanium mesh tube (ф 1.5 × 3 cm). Three types of porous scaffolds were constructed using HA spheres with diameters of 1651-1981 μm, 830-1180 μm and a mixture of 1651-1981 μm and 830-1180 μm at a volumetric ratio of 1:1, respectively...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744264/the-prevalence-of-anemia-in-japanese-universiade-athletes-detected-with-longitudinal-preparticipation-medical-examinations
#10
Takayuki Komatsu, Fumihiro Yamasawa, Michiko Dohi, Takao Akama, Atsushi Masujima, Ichiro Kono, Takashi Kawahara
Background: No reports have evaluated the long-term trends of the prevalence of anemia in Universiade athletes using preparticipation medical examinations (PPMEs). We aimed to investigate the prevalence of anemia among Japanese Universiade athletes, using longitudinal PPMEs. Methods: In this retrospective, observational study, athletes with published data from official reports of the Japanese delegation of the summer Universiade games between 1977 and 2011 were included, as were similar-aged nonathletes with published health data, extracted from official national reports from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare...
May 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741266/long-term-monitoring-of-b-chromosome-invasion-and-neutralization-in-a-population-of-prospero-autumnale-asparagaceae
#11
Pedro Lanzas, Francisco Perfectti, Manuel A Garrido-Ramos, Carmelo Ruíz-Rejón, Mónica González-Sánchez, María Puertas, Juan Pedro M Camacho
B chromosomes have been reported in about 15% of eukaryotes, but long term dynamics of B chromosomes in a single natural population has rarely been analysed. Prospero autumnale plants collected in 1981 and 1983 at Cuesta de La Palma population have shown the presence of B chromosomes. We analyze here seven additional samples collected between 1987 and 2015, and show that B frequency increased significantly during the 1980's and showed minor fluctuations between 2005 and 2015. A mother-offspring analysis of B chromosome transmission, at population level, showed significant drive on the male side (kB = 0...
May 9, 2018: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738378/promotion-of-home-based-exercise-training-as-secondary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-pilot-web-based-intervention
#12
Anna Torri, Claudia Panzarino, Anna Scaglione, Maddalena Modica, Bruno Bordoni, Raffaella Redaelli, Renata De Maria, Maurizio Ferratini
BACKGROUND: Although cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is cost-effective in improving the health of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), less than half of eligible CHD patients attend a CR program. Innovative web-based technologies might improve CR delivery and utilization. We assessed the feasibility and impact on functional capacity and secondary prevention targets of a long-term web-monitored exercise-based CR maintenance program. METHODS: Low- to moderate-risk CHD patients were recruited at discharge from inpatient CR after a coronary event or revascularization...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738070/genotype-i-hepatitis-a-virus-introduction-in-italy-bayesian-phylogenetic-analysis-to-date-different-epidemics
#13
Eleonora Cella, Elisabetta Riva, Silvia Angeletti, Marta Fogolari, Aletheia Blasi, Vittoria Scolamacchia, Silvia Spoto, Riccardo Bazzardi, Alessia Lai, Caterina Sagnelli, Evangelista Sagnelli, Massimo Ciccozzi
Despite a significantly decrease of acute hepatitis A in the last two decades in Italy, outbreaks mostly occurring in southern Italy were observed. In this study, Bayesian phylogenetic analysis was used to analyze the origin of these epidemics. At this aim, five different datasets of hepatitis A virus sequences were built to perform genotyping by the neighbor-joining method, to estimate the evolutionary rates by using a Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) approach, to investigate the demographic history by independent MCMC runs enforcing both a strict and relaxed clock...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734581/water-use-intensity-of-canadian-beef-production-in-1981-as-compared-to-2011
#14
Getahun Legesse, Marcos R C Cordeiro, Kim H Ominski, Karen A Beauchemin, Roland Kroebel, Emma J McGeough, Sarah Pogue, Tim A McAllister
The amount of beef produced per animal in Canada increased significantly from 1981 to 2011, due to enhanced production efficiency and increased carcass weight. This study examined the impact of improvements in production efficiency on water use intensity over this period. Temporal and regional differences in cattle categories, water use for drinking, feed production and meat processing, feeding systems, average daily gains, and carcass weight were considered in the analysis. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) was estimated by the National Drought Model (NDM) from 679 weather stations across Canada using the Priestley and Taylor equation...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734470/interventions-for-improving-modifiable-risk-factor-control-in-the-secondary-prevention-of-stroke
#15
REVIEW
Bernadeta Bridgwood, Kate E Lager, Amit K Mistri, Kamlesh Khunti, Andrew D Wilson, Priya Modi
BACKGROUND: People with stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of future stroke and other cardiovascular events. Stroke services need to be configured to maximise the adoption of evidence-based strategies for secondary stroke prevention. Smoking-related interventions were examined in a separate review so were not considered in this review. This is an update of our 2014 review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of stroke service interventions for implementing secondary stroke prevention strategies on modifiable risk factor control, including patient adherence to prescribed medications, and the occurrence of secondary cardiovascular events...
May 7, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733229/healthcare-resource-utilization-costs-of-care-and-treatment-of-mycosis-fungoides-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-patterns-in-a-large-managed-care-population-a-retrospective-us-claims-based-analysis
#16
Yuen Tsang, Tao Gu, Gaurav Sharma, Susan Raspa, Bill Drake, Hiangkiat Tan
PURPOSE: To evaluate health care utilization, treatment patterns and costs among patients with mycosis fungoides-cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (MF-CTCL). METHODS: This retrospective cohort study queried the HealthCore Integrated Research Database to identify patients ≥18 years with ≥2 diagnoses of MF-CTCL (ICD-9-CM code 202.1x, 202.2x) between 07 January 2006 and 07 January 2013. Index date was defined as first MF-CTCL diagnosis. Patients were continuously enrolled ≥6 months before and ≥12 months after index date...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732918/cervical-cancer-sociodemographic-and-diagnostic-disparities-in-florida-a-population-based-study-1981-2013-by-stage-at-presentation
#17
Aliyah Gauri, Sarah E Messiah, Layla A Bouzoubaa, Kevin J Moore, Tulay Koru-Sengul
OBJECTIVE: Florida has one of the highest cervical cancer mortality rates and socioeconomically diverse populations in the United States. We used statewide population-based cancer registry data to assess disparities in cervical cancer stage at diagnosis. DESIGN: Primary invasive adult female cervical cancer patients in the Florida Cancer Data Registry (1981-2013) were linked with 2000 United States Census data. Early (localized) and advanced (regional and distant) stage at diagnosis was assessed by age, race, ethnicity, neighborhood socioeconomic-, marital-, and smoking- status...
May 5, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730550/if-you-drink-don-t-smoke-joint-associations-between-risky-health-behaviors-and-labor-market-outcomes
#18
Petri Böckerman, Ari Hyytinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Terhi Maczulskij
This paper examines the links between risky health behaviors and labor market success. We provide new evidence on the joint relationships between the most prominent forms of risky health behavior - alcohol consumption, smoking and physical inactivity - and long-term labor market outcomes. We use twin data for Finnish men and women linked to register-based individual information on earnings and labor market attachment. The twin data allow us to account for shared family and environmental factors and to measure risky health behaviors in 1975 and 1981...
April 26, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726320/preferences-for-prenatal-testing-among-pregnant-women-partners-and-health-professionals
#19
Ida Charlotte Bay Lund, Naja Becher, Olav Bjørn Petersen, Melissa Hill, Lyn Chitty, Ida Vogel
INTRODUCTION: Cell-free DNA testing (cfDNA testing) in maternal plasma has recently been implemented in Danish healthcare. Prior to that we wanted to evaluate the preferences among pregnant women, partners and health professionals regarding cfDNA testing compared with invasive prenatal diagnostics. METHODS: Responders were recruited at public hospitals in the Central and North Denmark Regions. Stated preferences for prenatal testing were obtained through an online questionnaire incorporating a discrete choice experiment...
May 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722774/modulation-of-plant-chemistry-by-beneficial-root-microbiota
#20
REVIEW
Desalegn W Etalo, Je-Seung Jeon, Jos M Raaijmakers
Covering: 1981-2017Plants are colonized by an astounding number of microorganisms that can reach cell densities much greater than the number of plant cells. Various plant-associated microorganisms can have profound beneficial effects on plant growth, development, physiology and tolerance to (a)biotic stress. In return, plants release metabolites into their direct surroundings, thereby feeding the microbial community and influencing their composition, gene expression and the production of secondary metabolites...
May 3, 2018: Natural Product Reports
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