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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653077/work-related-biomechanical-exposure-and-job-strain-in-midlife-separately-and-jointly-predict-disability-after-28-years-a-finnish-longitudinal-study
#1
K C Prakash, Subas Neupane, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Taina Rantanen, Monika E von Bonsdorff, Jorma Seitsamo, Juhani Ilmarinen, Clas-Håkan Nygård
Objectives We investigated whether the extent of biomechanical exposures and job strain in midlife separately and jointly predict disability in old age. Methods Participants of the Finnish Longitudinal Study on Aging Municipal Employees (FLAME) in 1981 (aged 44-58 years) responded to disability questionnaires in 2009 (1850 women and 1082 men). Difficulties in performing five activities of daily living (ADL) and seven instrumental ADL (IADL) were used to assess severity of disability (score range: 0-12, 0=no disability)...
June 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649267/evidence-for-a-postreproductive-phase-in-female-false-killer-whales-pseudorca-crassidens
#2
Theoni Photopoulou, Ines M Ferreira, Peter B Best, Toshio Kasuya, Helene Marsh
BACKGROUND: A substantial period of life after reproduction ends, known as postreproductive lifespan (PRLS), is at odds with classical life history theory and its causes and mechanisms have puzzled evolutionary biologists for decades. Prolonged PRLS has been confirmed in only two non-human mammals, both odontocete cetaceans in the family Delphinidae. We investigate the evidence for PRLS in a third species, the false killer whale, Pseudorca crassidens, using a quantitative measure of PRLS and morphological evidence from reproductive tissues...
2017: Frontiers in Zoology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645243/extended-periarterial-sympathectomy-evaluation-of-long-term-outcomes
#3
Collier S Pace, Wyndell H Merritt
BACKGROUND: Periarterial sympathectomy is a proposed surgical treatment for patients with refractory Raynaud syndrome; however, there is debate regarding the indications and extent of dissection. Due to the segmental arterial sympathetic innervation, we favor an extended sympathectomy in concert with vein graft reconstruction of occluded vessels when necessary. The purpose of this study is to examine outcomes of extended periarterial sympathectomy in our patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 46 patients who underwent 58 periarterial sympathectomies (12 bilateral) since 1981...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641827/isoflurane-and-the-coronary-steal-controversy-of-the-1980s-origin-resolution-and-legacy
#4
George J Crystal
Isoflurane was introduced for general clinical use in North America in 1981. Shortly thereafter, in 1983, a study suggested that the anesthetic was a potent coronary vasodilator that could cause coronary steal and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. Myocardial ischemia results from small-vessel dilation which leads to increased blood flow to well-perfused myocardium and decreased blood flow to myocardium with borderline perfusion. This action of isoflurane raised concerns and threatened its use...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641786/association-of-apolipoprotein-ciii-apoc-iii-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation-and-peripheral-neuropathy-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Sharon Li Ting Pek, Chee Fang Sum, Lee Ying Yeoh, Simon Biing Ming Lee, Wern Ee Tang, Su Chi Lim, Subramaniam Tavintharan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common complication of Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Apart from hyperglycemia, its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Apolipoprotein-CIII (apoC-III) associated with triglyceride metabolism, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Its role in DPN is not well-established. We studied the associations of apoC-III, endothelial function and DPN. METHODS: In patients with T2D, anthropometric data, fasting blood, and urine were collected for biochemistry and urine albumin/creatinine measurements (uACR)...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640160/vasomotor-symptoms-in-women-in-asia-appear-comparable-with-women-in-western-countries-a-systematic-review
#6
Rakibul M Islam, Robin J Bell, Farwa Rizvi, Susan R Davis
OBJECTIVE: There is a belief that menopausal symptoms, particularly vasomotor symptoms (VMS), are a Western phenomena and less likely to be experienced in women in Asian countries. This systematic review of the literature was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of VMS in Asian countries. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and Google scholar were searched systematically for relevant population-based prevalence studies published between 1981 and 2016...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637656/benchmarking-life-expectancy-and-cancer-mortality-global-comparison-with-cardiovascular-disease-1981-2010
#7
Bochen Cao, Freddie Bray, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Ophira Ginsburg, Samir Soneji, Isabelle Soerjomataram
Objective To quantify the impact of cancer (all cancers combined and major sites) compared with cardiovascular disease (CVD) on longevity worldwide during 1981-2010.Design Retrospective demographic analysis using aggregated data.Setting National civil registration systems in member states of the World Health Organization.Participants 52 populations with moderate to high quality data on cause specific mortality.Main outcome measures Disease specific contributions to changes in life expectancy in ages 40-84 (LE40-84) over time in populations grouped by two levels of Human Development Index (HDI) values...
June 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#8
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634924/chondroblastoma-in-adult-age
#9
Andrea Angelini, Mohammad Hassani, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Giulia Trovarelli, Carlo Romagnoli, Antonio Berizzi, Pietro Ruggieri
PURPOSE: Chondroblastoma (CB) is a rare benign tumor that occurs most commonly in the second decade of life. No studies on CB in adulthood have been reported. Our purposes were to report a single-institution experience on CB in adults and to discuss the clinical and imaging findings, type of treatment, oncologic and functional outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients diagnosed and treated for CB from 1981 to 2014 were reviewed. The main inclusion criterion was patients above their 30 years of age at diagnosis...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631732/skillful-prediction-of-northern-climate-provided-by-the-ocean
#10
Marius Årthun, Tor Eldevik, Ellen Viste, Helge Drange, Tore Furevik, Helen L Johnson, Noel S Keenlyside
It is commonly understood that a potential for skillful climate prediction resides in the ocean. It nevertheless remains unresolved to what extent variable ocean heat is imprinted on the atmosphere to realize its predictive potential over land. Here we assess from observations whether anomalous heat in the Gulf Stream's northern extension provides predictability of northwestern European and Arctic climate. We show that variations in ocean temperature in the high latitude North Atlantic and Nordic Seas are reflected in the climate of northwestern Europe and in winter Arctic sea ice extent...
June 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631310/zinc-supplementation-for-the-treatment-of-measles-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Ajibola A Awotiwon, Olabisi Oduwole, Anju Sinha, Charles I Okwundu
BACKGROUND: Measles is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally, despite increasing vaccine coverage. Zinc plays a significant role in the maintenance of normal immunological functions, therefore supplements given to zinc-deficient children will increase the availability of zinc and could reduce measles-related morbidity and mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of zinc supplementation in reducing morbidity and mortality in children with measles...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630484/simulated-responses-of-permafrost-distribution-to-climate-change-on-the-qinghai-tibet-plateau
#12
Qing Lu, Dongsheng Zhao, Shaohong Wu
Climate warming causes changes in permafrost distribution, which affects the surface energy balance, hydrologic cycle and carbon flux in cold regions. In this study, the Surface Frost Number model was applied to examine permafrost distribution on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) under the four RCPs (RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0, and RCP8.5). The Kappa statistic was used to evaluate model results by comparing simulations of baseline permafrost distribution (1981-2010) with the existing frozen soil maps. The comparison shows that the Surface Frost Number model is suitable for simulating the general characteristics of permafrost distribution on the QTP...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630302/new-perspective-on-spring-vegetation-phenology-and-global-climate-change-based-on-tibetan-plateau-tree-ring-data
#13
Bao Yang, Minhui He, Vladimir Shishov, Ivan Tychkov, Eugene Vaganov, Sergio Rossi, Fredrik Charpentier Ljungqvist, Achim Bräuning, Jussi Grießinger
Phenological responses of vegetation to climate, in particular to the ongoing warming trend, have received much attention. However, divergent results from the analyses of remote sensing data have been obtained for the Tibetan Plateau (TP), the world's largest high-elevation region. This study provides a perspective on vegetation phenology shifts during 1960-2014, gained using an innovative approach based on a well-validated, process-based, tree-ring growth model that is independent of temporal changes in technical properties and image quality of remote sensing products...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626902/haemophilus-influenzae-oral-vaccination-for-preventing-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-bronchitis-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
REVIEW
Edward Teo, Kathleen Lockhart, Sai Navya Purchuri, Jennifer Pushparajah, Allan W Cripps, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are serious conditions in which patients are predisposed to viral and bacterial infections resulting in potentially fatal acute exacerbations. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is defined as a lung disease characterised by obstruction to lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing. Antibiotic therapy has not been particularly useful in eradicating bacteria such as non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) because they are naturally occurring flora of the upper respiratory tract in many people...
June 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625347/reachability-judgement-in-optic-ataxia-effect-of-peripheral-vision-on-hand-and-target-perception-in-depth
#15
Angela Bartolo, Yves Rossetti, Patrice Revol, Christian Urquizar, Laure Pisella, Yann Coello
The concept of peripersonal space was first proposed by Rizzolatti, Scandolara, Matelli, and Gentilucci (1981), who introduced the term to highlight the close links between somatosensory and visual processing for stimuli close to the body and suggested that this near-body space could in fact be characterized as an action space (Rizzolatti, Fadiga, Fogassi, & Gallese, 1997). Supporting this idea, patients with right hemisphere lesions have been described as impaired in performing actions towards objects and in perceiving their location - but only when the objects were presented within arm's reach (Bartolo, Carlier, Hassaini, Martin, & Coello, 2014; Brain, 1941)...
May 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617509/controlled-rotation-and-translation-of-spherical-particles-or-living-cells-by-surface-acoustic-waves
#16
Ianis Bernard, Alexander A Doinikov, Philippe Marmottant, David Rabaud, Cédric Poulain, Pierre Thibault
We show experimental evidence of the acoustically-assisted micromanipulation of small objects like solid particles or blood cells, combining rotation and translation, using high frequency surface acoustic waves. This was obtained from the leakage in a microfluidic channel of two standing waves arranged perpendicularly in a LiNbO3 piezoelectric substrate working at 36.3 MHz. By controlling the phase lag between the emitters, we could, in addition to translation, generate a swirling motion of the emitting surface which, in turn, led to the rapid rotation of spherical polystyrene Janus beads suspended in the channel and of human red and white blood cells up to several rounds per second...
June 15, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610231/new-records-of-i-rhagoletis-i-diptera-tephritidae-in-colombia-with-discussion-on-the-morphological-variations-of-some-species
#17
Javier O Martínez-Alava, Francisco Serna, Allen L Norrbom
Rhagoletis jamaicensis Foote, 1981 and an undetermined species of the psalida group, are recorded for the first time in Colombia. The morphological variations of the Colombian specimens of these species and of other species closely related are discussed.
June 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610221/first-record-of-spongillaflies-neuroptera-sisyridae-from-colombia
#18
Adrian Ardila-Camacho, Caleb C Martins
The family Sisyridae (spongillaflies) is a small group of neuropterans distributed in all Biogeographic realms (Cover & Resh 2008). As in Nevrorthidae, Sisyridae is distinguished among other Neuroptera families by their strictly aquatic larvae (Wichard et al. 2002). The phylogenetic relationships of Sisyridae have been controversial i.e. the family was recovered at different positions within the Neuropterida phylogeny as a basal group among members of Neuroptera or whitin the suborder Hemerobiiformia with a very variable placement (Randolf et al...
June 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610115/revision-of-the-genus-i-angaracris-i-bey-bienko-1930-orthoptera-acrididae-oedipodinae-with-notes-on-the-tribe-bryodemini
#19
Sergey Yu Storozhenko, Alexander A Benediktov, Jianhua Huang
Anagaracris is considered as a monotypic genus in the tribe Bryodemini (Acrididae: Oedipodinae). New synonymy is proposed: Angaracris barabensis (Pallas, 1773) = Angaracris morulimarginis Huang, 1981, syn. nov.; = Angaracris ulashanicus Li, 1981, syn. nov.; Angaracris acrohylina Bi, 1986, syn. nov.; = Angaracris nigrimarginis Zheng et Ren, 1993, syn. nov.; = Angaracris morulipennis Zheng et Ren, 1994, syn. nov.; = Angaracris neimongolensis Zeng et Han, 1998, syn. nov. The diagnosis of the tribe Bryodemini is clarified and a key to the genera and subgenera is provided...
March 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610102/a-new-species-in-the-troglomorphic-scorpion-genus-i-troglotayosicus-i-from%C3%A2-colombia-representing-the-northernmost-known-record-for-the-genus%C3%A2-scorpiones-troglotayosicidae
#20
Ricardo Botero-Trujillo, Julio C González-Gómez, Juan C Valenzuela-Rojas, Luis F García
We describe a new scorpion species in the troglomorphic genus Troglotayosicus Lourenço, 1981 from Colombia. Troglotayosicus meijdeni sp. nov. inhabits the forest leaf litter at Rivera municipality, on the western slope of the Eastern Andes. The male of the new species remains unknown; however, this species can be distinguished from other species in the genus by the female (and juvenile) morphology. The type locality of T. meijdeni sp. nov. represents the northernmost known record for a population of Troglotayosicus, further extending the known limits of distribution of this genus, and shedding more light on the distributional range of this group of scorpions in northwestern South America...
March 22, 2017: Zootaxa
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