keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1981

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921228/-erratum-to-fredy-quadfasel-1902-1981-neuropsychiatrist-politically-persecuted-ns-opponent-and-his-impact-in-american-exile
#1
B Holdorff, K-J Neumärker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921043/metabolic-vascular-syndrome-new-insights-into-a-multidimensional-network-of-risk-factors-and-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Gerhard H Scholz, Markolf Hanefeld
BACKGROUND: Since 1981, we have used the term metabolic syndrome to describe an association of a dysregulation in lipid metabolism (high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, disturbed glucose homeostasis (enhanced fasting and/or prandial glucose), gout, and hypertension), with android obesity being based on a common soil (overnutrition, reduced physical activity, sociocultural factors, and genetic predisposition). We hypothesized that main traits of the syndrome occur early and are tightly connected with hyperinsulinemia/insulin resistance, procoagulation, and cardiovascular diseases...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920599/review-of-the-east-palaearctic-and-north-oriental-psyttalia-walker-with-the-description-of-three-new-species-hymenoptera-braconidae-opiinae
#3
Qiong Wu, Cornelis van Achterberg, Jiang-Li Tan, Xue-Xin Chen
The East Palaearctic and North Oriental species of the genus Psyttalia Walker (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Opiinae) are reviewed. Three new species are described and illustrated: Psyttalia latinervis Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. and Psyttalia majocellata Wu & van Achterberg, sp. n. from China, and Psyttalia spectabilis van Achterberg, sp. n. from Japan. Coeloreuteus formosanus Watanabe, 1934, Opius (Lissosema) proclivis Papp, 1981, Opius (Psyttalia) subcyclogaster Tobias, 1998, Opius (Psyttalia) darasunicus Tobias, 1998, Opius (Psyttalia) cyclogastroides Tobias, 1998, Psyttalia extensa Weng & Chen, 2001, and Rhogadopsis longicaudifera Li & van Achterberg, 2013, are new synonyms of Psyttalia cyclogaster (Thomson, 1895); Opius (Psyttalia) ophthalmicus Tobias, 1977, and Opius (Psyttalia) brevitemporalis Tobias, 1998, of Psyttalia carinata (Thomson, 1895) and both Opius (Psyttalia) vacuus Tobias, 1998, and Opius (Lissosema) longurius Chen & Weng, 1995, of Rhogadopsis mediocarinata (Fischer, 1963)...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920184/the-highlights-lectures-1981-2009
#4
Heather Poulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917038/revised-classification-and-catalogue-of-global-nepticulidae-and-opostegidae-lepidoptera-nepticuloidea
#5
Erik J van Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Robert J B Hoare, Donald R Davis
A catalogue of all named Nepticulidae and Opostegidae is presented, including fossil species. The catalogue is simultaneously published online in the scratchpad http://nepticuloidea.info/ and in Catalogue of Life (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/database/id/172). We provide a historical overview of taxonomic research on Nepticuloidea and a brief 'state of the art'. A DNA barcode dataset with 3205 barcodes is made public at the same time, providing DNA barcodes of ca. 779 species, of which 2563 are identified as belonging to 444 validly published species...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915460/zinc-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-pneumonia-in-children-aged-2-months-to-59-months
#6
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years of age. Most deaths occur during infancy and in low-income countries. Daily zinc supplements have been reported to prevent acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and reduce child mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in the prevention of pneumonia in children aged two to 59 months...
December 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911960/application-of-latent-growth-modeling-to-identify-different-working-life-trajectories-the-case-of-the-spanish-workss-cohort
#7
Laura Serra, María Andrée López Gómez, Albert Sanchez-Niubo, George L Delclos, Fernando G Benavides
Objective The aim of this study was to describe the application of latent class growth analysis (LCGA) to identify different working life trajectories (WLT) using employed working time by year as a repeated measure. Methods Trajectories are estimated using LCGA, which considers all individuals within a trajectory to be homogeneous. The methodology was applied to a subsample of the Spanish WORKing life Social Security (WORKss) cohort, limited to persons born 1956-1965 (N=247 475). The number of days worked per year is used as a repeated measure across 32 time points (1981-2013)...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906516/what-is-the-flynn-effect-and-how-does-it-change-our-understanding-of-iq
#8
REVIEW
David Shenk
In 1981, psychologist James Flynn noticed that IQ scores had risen streadily over nearly a century a staggering difference of 18 points over two generations. After a careful analysis, he concluded the cause to be culture. Society had become more intelligent-come to grips with bigger, more abstract ideas over time-and had made people smarter. This observation, combined with solid evidence that IQ scores are also not fixed within an individual, neatly dispels the idea of intelligence being an innate and fixed entity...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905483/irrigation-water-productivity-is-more-influenced-by-agronomic-practice-factors-than-by-climatic-factors-in-hexi-corridor-northwest-china
#9
Xiaolin Li, Xiaotao Zhang, Jun Niu, Ling Tong, Shaozhong Kang, Taisheng Du, Sien Li, Risheng Ding
Quantifying the influence of driving factors on irrigation water productivity (IWP) is vital for efficient agricultural water use. This study analyzed contributions of agronomic practice and climatic factors to the changes of IWP, based on the data from 1981 to 2012 in Hexi Corridor, Northwest China. Cobb-Douglas production functions were developed by the partial least squares method and contribution rates of the driving factors were calculated. Results showed that IWP and its driving factors increased during the study period, with different changing patterns...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902372/molecular-characterization-of-emerging-g9p-4-rotavirus-strains-possessing-a-rare-e6-nsp4-or-t1-nsp3-genotype-on-a-genogroup-2-backbone-using-a-refined-classification-framework
#10
Gauri N Pradhan, Atul M Walimbe, Shobha D Chitambar
Rotavirus infections associated with unusual strains are an emerging concern in rotavirus vaccination program. Recently, an increase in circulation of unusual G9P[4] strain was reported from different regions of India, placing it at the third position after G1P[8] and G2P[4], the most common rotavirus strains. The aim of the present study was to analyze complete genomic constellation of three G9P[4] strains (RV09, RV10 and RV11), determine their genetic relatedness with other genogroup-2 strains and understand the evolution of a rare E6 and other NSP4 genotypes...
November 2, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902328/hepatitis-c-virus-core-activates-proteasomal-activator-28-gamma-expression-via-upregulation-of-p53-levels-to-control-virus-propagation
#11
Juri Kwak, Indira Tiwari, Kyung Lib Jang
The proteasomal activator PA28γ, frequently overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is believed to play several important roles in hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication and viral pathogenesis. However, the underlying mechanism for PA28γ overexpression in HCC and its role during HCV replication are still unclear. In the present study, we found that HCV Core derived from either ectopic expression or HCV infection upregulates PA28γ levels in p53-positive human hepatocytes. For this effect, HCV Core sequentially activated ataxia telangiectasia mutated and checkpoint kinase 2 via phosphorylation at Ser-1981 and Thr-68 residues, respectively, resulting in stabilization of p53 via phosphorylation at Ser-15 and Ser-20 residues and subsequent transcriptional activation of PA28γ expression...
November 11, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897768/good-practice-in-end-of-life-care
#12
(no author information available yet)
Amanda Cheesley qualified as a nurse in 1981 after training with Queen Alexandra Royal Army Nursing Corps. She served in the first Gulf War and has also worked for the NHS as a district nurse and a Marie Curie nurse.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893593/trends-in-selected-measures-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-gonorrhea-and-syphilis-in-the-united-states-1981-2013
#13
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine selected measures of racial and ethnic disparities in the reported incidence of syphilis and gonorrhea from 1981 to 2013 in the United States. METHODS: For each year, from 1981 to 2013, we calculated values for 5 disparity measures (Gini coefficient, 2 versions of the index of disparity, population attributable proportion, and the black-to-white rate ratio) for 5 racial/ethnic categories (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander)...
November 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#14
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890966/climate-change-effects-on-airborne-pathogenic-bioaerosol-concentrations-a-scenario-analysis
#15
J P G van Leuken, A N Swart, P Droogers, A van Pul, D Heederik, A H Havelaar
The most recent IPCC report presented further scientific evidence for global climate change in the twenty-first century. Important secondary effects of climate change include those on water resource availability, agricultural yields, urban healthy living, biodiversity, ecosystems, food security, and public health. The aim of this explorative study was to determine the range of expected airborne pathogen concentrations during a single outbreak or release in a future climate compared to a historical climatic period (1981-2010)...
2016: Aerobiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889214/stable-hydrogen-isotope-values-of-lignin-methoxyl-groups-of-four-tree-species-across-germany-and-their-implication-for-temperature-reconstruction
#16
Tobias Anhäuser, Markus Greule, Frank Keppler
Stable hydrogen isotope ratios of lignin methoxyl groups (δ(2)HLM values) in wood have been shown to mirror the δ(2)H signatures of precipitation (δ(2)Hprecip values). Thus, δ(2)HLM values were suggested to serve as a potential paleotemperature proxy since δ(2)Hprecip values are dominantly controlled by air temperature in the mid-latitudes. A recent study where a significant δ(2)HLM-temperature relationship was found for a European transect with mean annual temperatures ranging from -4 to 17°C strengthened this assumption...
November 23, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888338/a-comprehensively-quantitative-method-of-evaluating-the-impact-of-drought-on-crop-yield-using-daily-multi-scale-spei-and-crop-growth-process-model
#17
Qianfeng Wang, Jianjun Wu, Xiaohan Li, Hongkui Zhou, Jianhua Yang, Guangpo Geng, Xueli An, Leizhen Liu, Zhenghong Tang
The quantitative evaluation of the impact of drought on crop yield is one of the most important aspects in agricultural water resource management. To assess the impact of drought on wheat yield, the Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) crop growth model and daily Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), which is based on daily meteorological data, are adopted in the Huang Huai Hai Plain. The winter wheat crop yields are estimated at 28 stations, after calibrating the cultivar coefficients based on the experimental site data, and SPEI data was taken 11 times across the growth season from 1981 to 2010...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887934/currarino-syndrome-in-a-fetus-infant-child-and-adolescent-spectrum%C3%A2-of-clinical-presentations-and-imaging-findings
#18
REVIEW
Pablo Caro-Domínguez, Juan Bass, Julie Hurteau-Miller
In 1981, Currarino et al described a triad of findings that consist of partial sacral dysgenesis, presacral mass (anterior meningocele, enteric cyst, or presacral teratoma) and anorectal malformation. Currarino syndrome exhibits variable expressivity and the clinical presentation tends to vary with the age of the subject such as spinal anomaly detected in the fetus, imperforate anus in the newborn, and intractable constipation or neurologic symptoms in the infant and older child. At any age, meningitis can be the presenting symptom and imaging is required for proper investigation...
November 22, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884041/follow-up-strategies-for-patients-treated-for-non-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Mark Jeffery, Brigid E Hickey, Phil N Hider, Adrienne M See
BACKGROUND: It is common clinical practice to follow patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) for several years following their curative surgery or adjuvant therapy, or both. Despite this widespread practice, there is considerable controversy about how often patients should be seen, what tests should be performed, and whether these varying strategies have any significant impact on patient outcomes. This is the second update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2002 and first updated in 2007...
November 24, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879690/geographical-and-temporal-variations-in-female-breast-cancer-mortality-in-the-municipalities-of-andalusia-southern-spain
#20
Ricardo Ocaña-Riola, Carmen Montaño-Remacha, José María Mayoral-Cortés
The last published figures have shown geographical variations in mortality with respect to female breast cancer in European countries. However, national health policies need a dynamic image of the geographical variations within the country. The aim of this paper was to describe the spatial distribution of age-specific mortality rates from female breast cancer in the municipalities of Andalusia (southern Spain) and to analyze its evolution over time from 1981 to 2012. An ecological study was devised. Two spatio-temporal hierarchical Bayesian models were estimated...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
keyword
keyword
47759
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"