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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221866/hormonal-maintenance-therapy-for-women-with-low-grade-serous-cancer-of-the-ovary-or-peritoneum
#1
David M Gershenson, Diane C Bodurka, Robert L Coleman, Karen H Lu, Anais Malpica, Charlotte C Sun
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine outcomes associated with hormonal maintenance therapy (HMT) compared with routine observation (OBS) after primary cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy in women with stage II to IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary or peritoneum. Patients and Methods Eligibility criteria for patients from our database were: treatment with primary surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy, stage II to IV disease, at least 2 years of follow-up for patients who had not experienced recurrence, and adequate clinical information...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209547/pregnancy-after-urinary-diversion-at-young-ages-risks-and-outcome
#2
N Huck, S Schweizerhof, P Honeck, A Neisius, J Thüroff, R Stein
OBJECTIVE: To assess the urological and obstetric outcomes during and after pregnancy following urinary diversion (UD) performed during childhood or adolescence. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our urinary diversion database, we identified 25 females who became pregnant between 1981 and 2013. Reasons for urinary diversion were neurogenic bladder, exstrophy, trauma, sinus urogenitalis and interstitial cystitis. 17 had continent cutaneous diversion, 4 continent anal diversion and 4 colonic conduit...
February 13, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208462/beyond-flory-theory-distribution-functions-for-interacting-lattice-trees
#3
Angelo Rosa, Ralf Everaers
While Flory theories [J. Isaacson and T. C. Lubensky, J. Physique Lett. 41, 469 (1980)JPSLBO0302-072X10.1051/jphyslet:019800041019046900; M. Daoud and J. F. Joanny, J. Physique 42, 1359 (1981)JOPQAG0302-073810.1051/jphys:0198100420100135900; A. M. Gutin et al., Macromolecules 26, 1293 (1993)MAMOBX0024-929710.1021/ma00058a016] provide an extremely useful framework for understanding the behavior of interacting, randomly branching polymers, the approach is inherently limited. Here we use a combination of scaling arguments and computer simulations to go beyond a Gaussian description...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207474/risk-of-colectomy-in-patients-with-pediatric-onset-ulcerative-colitis
#4
Firas Rinawi, Amit Assa, Rami Eliakim, Yael Mozer Glassberg, Vered Nachmias Friedler, Yaron Niv, Yoram Rosenbach, Ari Silbermintz, Noam Zevit, Raanan Shamir
OBJECTIVES: Data describing the incidence and risk factors for colectomy in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) is inconsistent. Our aim was to describe the colectomy rate and to identify risk factors associated with colectomy in a large cohort of children with UC with long term follow up. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric UC cases that were diagnosed at Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel between 1981 to 2013. Potential predictors for colectomy including age at diagnosis, gender, disease extent, severity indices and different therapeutic regimens during disease course were assessed...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203591/mean-glenoid-defect-size-and-location-associated-with-anterior-shoulder-instability-a-systematic-review
#5
Lionel J Gottschalk, Aaron J Bois, Marcus A Shelby, Anthony Miniaci, Morgan H Jones
BACKGROUND: There is a strong correlation between glenoid defect size and recurrent anterior shoulder instability. A better understanding of glenoid defects could lead to improved treatments and outcomes. PURPOSE: To (1) determine the rate of reporting numeric measurements for glenoid defect size, (2) determine the consistency of glenoid defect size and location reported within the literature, (3) define the typical size and location of glenoid defects, and (4) determine whether a correlation exists between defect size and treatment outcome...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202557/association-between-quantity-and-duration-of-snowfall-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction
#6
Nathalie Auger, Brian J Potter, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Clément Paris, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Although aggregate data suggest a link between snowfall and myocardial infarction (MI), individual risk has yet to be assessed. We evaluated the association between quantity and duration of snowfall and the risk of MI using nonaggregated administrative health data. METHODS: We used a case-crossover study design to investigate the association between snowfall and hospital admission or death due to MI in the province of Quebec, Canada, between November and April during 1981-2014...
February 13, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202551/risk-of-pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-with-asthma-a-nationwide-case-control-study-from-sweden
#7
Bengt Zöller, Mirnabi Pirouzifard, Ashfaque A Memon, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Asthma is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary embolism (PE) but little is known about whether asthma is associated with an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). The aim in this study was to determine the risk of the first event of PE, DVT or a combination of PE and DVT in patients with asthma.We conducted this nationwide case-control study using data from Swedish nationwide registries. We included 114 366 Swedish-born patients with a first hospital diagnosis of PE, 76 494 patients with DVT and 6854 patients with both PE and DVT in Sweden between 1981 and 2010...
February 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198300/a-passion-for-continence-care
#8
(no author information available yet)
Karen Logan trained at Cardiff University Hospital of Wales, qualifying in 1981. A nurse consultant since 2004, her current role is consultant nurse, continence care, and head of continence services at Aneurin Bevan University Health Board in Wales. She was named Nursing Standard Nurse of the Year in 2008, and last year was awarded a lifetime achievement award at the RCN Wales Nurse of the Year Awards 2016.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197412/bronchoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-primary-tracheobronchial-amyloidosis-a-retrospective-analysis-from-china
#9
Xiaoxiao Lu, Bixiu He, Ge Wang, Baimei He, Lijing Wang, Qiong Chen
Objective. To assess the value of bronchoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of primary tracheobronchial amyloidosis (TBA), in order to reduce misdiagnosis rates and improve prognosis. Methods. Clinical data of 107 patients with TBA reported from 1981 to 2015 in China were retrospectively analyzed for clinical features, bronchoscopic manifestations, pathologies, treatments, and outcomes. Results. 105 of 107 TBA patients were pathologically confirmed by bronchoscopy. Main bronchoscopic manifestations of TBA were single or multiple nodules and masses within tracheobronchial lumens; local or diffuse luminal stenosis and obstruction; luminal wall thickening and rigidity; rough or uneven inner luminal walls; congestion and edema of mucosa, which was friable and prone to bleeding upon touch; and so forth...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196301/guinea-worm-infection-in-northern-nigeria-reflections-on-a-disease-approaching-eradication
#10
Brian Greenwood, Alice Greenwood, Andrew Bradley
Global eradication of the Guinea worm (Dracunculus medinensis) is near, although perhaps delayed a little by the discovery of a transmission cycle in dogs. It is, therefore, an appropriate time to reflect on the severe impact of this infection on the life of the communities where it was endemic prior to the start of the global eradication programme in 1981. From 1971-74, we conducted a series of unpublished studies on Guinea worm in a group of villages in Katsina State, northern Nigeria, where the infection was highly endemic...
February 14, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196182/what-surgeons-need-to-know-about-gender-confirmation-surgery-when-providing-care-for-transgender-individuals-a-review
#11
Jens U Berli, Gail Knudson, Lin Fraser, Vin Tangpricha, Randi Ettner, Frederic M Ettner, Joshua D Safer, Julie Graham, Stan Monstrey, Loren Schechter
Importance: In 2014, the US Department of Health and Human Services decided that its 1981 exclusion of transsexual surgical treatments from Medicare coverage was based on outdated, incomplete, and biased science and did not reflect current evidence or standards of care, and the exclusion was therefore lifted. As a direct result of this decision, surgeons nationwide are seeing an increase in consultations for surgical therapy to help transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals. Although some clinicians may have the technical training for such surgical procedures, in many cases, they may not have a full understanding of the complex and comprehensive care required to provide optimal health care for transgender individuals...
February 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195588/increased-childhood-bmi-is-associated-with-young-adult-serum-uric-acid-levels-a-linkage-study-from-japan
#12
Erika Kuwahara, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Hirokazu Komatsu, Akemi Nakazawa, Hideo Ushiku, Fumio Maejima, Yoshio Nishigaki, Yuji Nishiwaki
BACKGROUND: Growth pattern in early life is one of the most important factors affecting the pathogenesis of metabolic-associated diseases. The associations between serum uric acid (SUA) and hypertension, kidney disease, and coronary heart disease have been recognized. We investigated the association between increased BMI during childhood and adult SUA levels in Japan. METHODS: We included 298 children with health examination data between 1981 and 2002 who had also undergone physical examinations after reaching early adulthood (approximately 27 y old)...
February 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192172/the-isolated-chicken-eye-test-to-replace-the-draize-test-in-rabbits
#13
Menk K Prinsen, Coenraad F M Hendriksen, Cyrille A M Krul, Ruud A Woutersen
In 1944, Draize et al., published a paper entitled "Methods for the study of irritation and toxicity of substances applied topically to the skin and mucous membranes". The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development published their first guideline on eye irritation in 1981, using rabbits. In the early eighties the development of alternative non-animal tests to replace the Draize eye test started. The first attempts to validate alternative tests for eye irritation were considered to be relatively simple by comparing in vitro and in vivo irritation index scores...
February 10, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190777/how-have-the-lives-of-pregnant-women-changed-in-the-last-30-years
#14
Ann M Kingsbury, Kristen Gibbons, David McIntyre, Anne Tremellen, Vicki Flenady, Shelley Wilkinson, Abullah Mamun, Jake M Najman
BACKGROUND: To what extent have the characteristics and needs of pregnant women changed over time? This cross-sectional, comparative study describes some socio-demographic, mental health and lifestyle characteristics of two samples of pregnant women assessed 30 years apart. METHODS: We recruited two samples of pregnant women who were attending their first clinic visit at the same large Queensland maternity hospital 30 years apart between 1981 to 1984 (Sample A, N=6753) and 2011-2012 (Sample B, N=2156)...
February 9, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188123/the-introduction-of-diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis-and-oral-polio-vaccine-among-young-infants-in-an-urban-african-community-a-natural-experiment
#15
Søren Wengel Mogensen, Andreas Andersen, Amabelia Rodrigues, Christine S Benn, Peter Aaby
BACKGROUND: We examined the introduction of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTP) and oral polio vaccine (OPV) in an urban community in Guinea-Bissau in the early 1980s. METHODS: The child population had been followed with 3-monthly nutritional weighing sessions since 1978. From June 1981 DTP and OPV were offered from 3months of age at these sessions. Due to the 3-monthly intervals between sessions, the children were allocated by birthday in a 'natural experiment' to receive vaccinations early or late between 3 and 5months of age...
February 1, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187552/a-new-species-of-i-protaetia-i-burmeister-1842-from-armenia-with-taxonomic-notes-on-i-cetonia-i-i-floricola-i-i-fausti-i-kraatz-1891-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-cetoniinae
#16
Tigran Ghrejyan, Mark Kalashian
The history of usage of the name Cetonia floricola fausti Kraatz, 1891 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Cetoniinae) is discussed. In recent publications, the name Protaetia (Potosia) fausti was applied to a taxon that is not conspecific with Kraatz's holotype. We therefore reassign the name Cetonia fausti Kraatz, 1891 as a junior synonym of Protaetia splendidula (Faldermann, 1835) and discuss the justification for this synonymy. The taxon that was erroneously called Protaetia fausti in recent papers actually includes two distinct species: Protaetia jelineki (Petrovitz, 1981) and a species described in this paper as Protaetia (Potosia) haiastanica new species from northwestern and central Armenia and southwestern Georgia...
February 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185903/the-thermodynamics-of-protein-aggregation-reactions-may-underpin-the-enhanced-metabolic-efficiency-associated-with-heterosis-some-balancing-selection-and-the-evolution-of-ploidy-levels
#17
REVIEW
B R Ginn
Identifying the physical basis of heterosis (or "hybrid vigor") has remained elusive despite over a hundred years of research on the subject. The three main theories of heterosis are dominance theory, overdominance theory, and epistasis theory. Kacser and Burns (1981) identified the molecular basis of dominance, which has greatly enhanced our understanding of its importance to heterosis. This paper aims to explain how overdominance, and some features of epistasis, can similarly emerge from the molecular dynamics of proteins...
February 6, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183128/-i-strobelitatea-i-a-replacement-name-for-i-strobeliella-i-cazzaniga-1981-gastropoda-tateidae-i-non-i-nordsieck-1977-gastropoda-clausiliidae
#18
Néstor J Cazzaniga
When I proposed the name Strobeliella for a genus of supposedly microphallic snails in the family Hydrobiidae, I was unaware that it was a junior homonym of Clausilia (Strobeliella) published four years before by Nordsieck (1977).
January 4, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183115/new-species-and-records-of-pollen-and-sap-beetles-for-iran-coleoptera-kateretidae-nitidulidae
#19
Paolo Audisio, Andrew R Cline, Andrzej Lasoń, Josef Jelínek, Simone Sabatelli, Sayeh Serri
During recent expeditions in North and Southwest Iran, 10 species of Kateretidae and Nitidulidae (Coleoptera) were found. One species of Kateretidae, Brachyleptus bicoloratus Reitter, 1896, and three nitidulid species, Afrogethes schilskyi (Reitter, 1897), Stachygethes khnzoriani (Kirejtshuk, 1979), and S. nigerrimus (Rosenhauer, 1856) are recorded for the first time for the Iranian fauna (the latter is also a new record for Asia). Thymogethes ahriman (Jelínek, 1981) is herein resurrected to species rank, and two species, Thymogethes kassites sp...
January 9, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#20
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
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