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Psychosomatic medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#1
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855438/how-to-prevent-depression-current-directions-and-future-challenges-in-children-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#2
Anna Felnhofer, Oswald D Kothgassner, Claudia Klier
With its high rates of chronicity and concomitant economic costs to society, depression ranges among the most prevalent mental disorders. Several trials have succeeded in demonstrating the beneficial effects of early depression prevention programs for otherwise healthy children and adolescents. However, comparable programs for children and adolescents with a medical condition are still scarce. This paper discusses the situation of chronically ill children and adolescents who are at risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms using the example of three conditions frequently encountered in pediatric psychosomatic medicine: diabetes, epilepsy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844398/proposal-for-an-update-of-the-definition-and-scope-of-behavioral-medicine
#3
Joost Dekker, Adrienne Stauder, Frank J Penedo
PURPOSE: We aim to provide an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine in the Charter of ISBM, as the present version was developed more than 25 years ago. METHODS: We identify issues which need clarification or updating. This leads us to propose an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine. RESULTS: Issues in need of clarification or updating include the scope of behavioral medicine (biobehavioral mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and intervention, and prevention and health promotion); research as an essential characteristic of all three areas of behavioral medicine; the application of behavioral medicine; the terminology of behavioral medicine as a multidisciplinary field; and the relationship and distinction between behavioral medicine, mental health, health psychology, and psychosomatic medicine...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829386/why-are-hospital-doctors-not-referring-to-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-a-systemic-review
#4
Kai Yang Chen, Rebecca Evans, Sarah Larkins
BACKGROUND: Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry (CLP) is a subspecialty of psychiatry that provides care to inpatients under non-psychiatric care. Despite evidence of benefits of CLP for inpatients with psychiatric comorbidities, referral rates from hospital doctors remain low. This review aims to understand barriers to CLP inpatient referral as described in the literature. METHODS: We searched on Medline, PsychINFO, CINAHL and SCOPUS, using MESH and the following keywords: 1) Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Psychiatry, Liaison Psychiatry, Hospital Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, the 2) Referral, Consultation, Consultancy and 3) Inpatient, Hospitalized patient, Hospitalized patient...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811540/article-summaries-for-november-december-2016-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-78-issue-9
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799842/variations-in-the-management-of-fibromyalgia-by-physician-specialty-rheumatology-versus-primary-care
#6
Stephen L Able, Rebecca L Robinson, Kurt Kroenke, Philip Mease, David A Williams, Yi Chen, Madelaine Wohlreich, Bill H McCarberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of physician specialty regarding diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) and assess the clinical status of patients initiating new treatment for FM using data from Real-World Examination of Fibromyalgia: Longitudinal Evaluation of Costs and Treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outpatients from 58 sites in the United States were enrolled. Data were collected via in-office surveys and telephone interviews. Pairwise comparisons by specialty were made using chi-square, Fisher's exact tests, and Student's t-tests...
2016: Pragmat Obs Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763992/introduction-to-the-special-issue-of-psychosomatic-medicine-mechanisms-linking-early-life-adversity-to-physical-health
#7
Katie A McLaughlin, Richard D Lane, Nicole R Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763991/mechanisms-underlying-the-association-between-early-life-adversity-and-physical-health-charting-a-course-for-the-future
#8
Nicole R Bush, Richard D Lane, Katie A McLaughlin
Early-life adversities (ELA) are associated with subsequent pervasive alterations across a wide range of neurobiological systems and psychosocial factors that contribute to accelerated onset of health problems and diseases. In this article, we provide an integrated perspective on recent developments in research on ELA, based on the articles published in this Special Issue of Psychosomatic Medicine. We focus on the following: 1) the distinction between specific versus general aspects of ELA with regard to the nature of exposure (e...
November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750358/-models-of-mental-health-care-for-vulnerable-refugees-in-the-community
#9
Julia Schellong, Franziska Epple, Kerstin Weidner, Andrea Möllering
A non-neglectable portion of people that have fled to Germany have been subjected to expulsion, violence, torture and grave human loss. In some of them, signs of secondary mental problems are obvious. In the light of the efforts at integration, these diseases must not be neglected. Outlined are the federal legal requirements and how the cost coverage, as well as the admission to health care system, is structured. Additionally, 2 exemplary regional models for psychosomatic health care are being introduced: Dresden's "Stepped Care Model for Psychologically Vulnerable Refugees" includes phased offers for prevention and treatment of acute mental crises, as well as somatoform disorders in refugees and their volunteer helpers...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749757/article-summaries-for-october-2016-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-78-issue-8
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744441/current-trends-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-china
#11
Jing Wei, Lan Zhang, Xudong Zhao, Kurt Fritzsche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716162/effectiveness-of-enhanced-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-cbt-e-in-the-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-prospective-multidisciplinary-study
#12
Yngvild S Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad, Ute Kessler
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and no empirically supported treatment has been reliably established. The primary objective of this study is to gain knowledge about the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) for anorexia nervosa delivered in a public hospital setting. Baseline predictors of treatment outcome and dropout are studied...
October 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709241/-ambulatory-care-of-patients-with-somatically-unexplained-complaints-a%C3%A2-comparative-qualitative-study
#13
S Döpfmer, M C Münchmeyer, T Natschke, W Herrmann, F Holzinger, R Burian, A Berghöfer, C Heintze
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the approach of general practitioners (GP) and outpatient specialists for psychiatry, neurology or psychosomatic medicine to patients with somatically unexplained complaints. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with general practitioners in Berlin and with outpatient specialists. Interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Both GPs and specialists rarely used structured diagnostic instruments...
October 5, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644046/a-general-pediatrics-and-integrative-medicine-approach-to-pervasive-refusal-syndrome-a-case-report
#14
Tido Von Schoen-Angerer, Elisabeth Helmschmidt, René Madeleyn, Reinhard Kindt, Christoph Möller, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Jan Vagedes
INTRODUCTION: Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) describes children with social withdrawal who become unable to walk, eat, or care for themselves. This case report examines whether an integrative medicine approach is useful for treating PRS. CASE PRESENTATION: A seven-year-old girl with symptoms most consistent with PRS and depression was admitted to a pediatric ward in Germany that integrates conventional pediatric and psychosomatic care with anthroposophic medicine...
2016: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618176/-regional-budgets-in-psychiatry-an-alternative-to-hospital-per-diem-charges-and-the-new-reimbursement-system
#15
Bernward Schröder, Steffen Fleßa
Objective: The study looked at the impact that the switch from a reimbursement system with hospital per diem charges to a regional budget had on treatment. Methods: Routine data from two clinics over a period of ten years were evaluated. Results: Treatment took place in day clinics and on an outpatient basis to an increased extent after the change. Conclusion: The change in reimbursement system was the cause of the change in treatment. Since similar effects can also be expected when switching from the new reimbursement system for psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine to a regional budget system, regional budgets are a reasonable alternative...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594605/-doctoral-theses-in-the-field-of-psychosomatic-medicine-and-psychotherapy-from-2015
#16
Gereon Heuft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593992/how-far-to-investigate-presumed-psychosomatic-symptoms-lessons-from-a-particular-case%C3%A2
#17
Marie Angélique De Scheerder, Sylvie Rottey, An Mariman, Marleen Praet, Dirk Vogelaers
We describe a 43-year-old patient with subacute appearance of neurological and atypical complaints of anergia, anorexia and weight loss six months earlier. In spite of several admissions in different hospitals, no underlying somatic cause could be found and he was admitted to a psychiatric hospital with a tentative diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Subsequently, he was referred to the unit of medically unexplained physical symptoms within the department of general internal medicine for assessment by the psychiatrist, involved in this programme...
September 2, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571321/article-summaries-for-september-2016-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-78-issue-7
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563345/the-international-college-of-psychosomatic-medicine-a-personal-history
#19
REVIEW
Jon Streltzer
This is a history of the International College of Psychosomatic Medicine from 1970 to the present.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528671/motor-cognitive-and-affective-areas-of-the-cerebral-cortex-influence-the-adrenal-medulla
#20
Richard P Dum, David J Levinthal, Peter L Strick
Modern medicine has generally viewed the concept of "psychosomatic" disease with suspicion. This view arose partly because no neural networks were known for the mind, conceptually associated with the cerebral cortex, to influence autonomic and endocrine systems that control internal organs. Here, we used transneuronal transport of rabies virus to identify the areas of the primate cerebral cortex that communicate through multisynaptic connections with a major sympathetic effector, the adrenal medulla. We demonstrate that two broad networks in the cerebral cortex have access to the adrenal medulla...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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