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Psychosomatic medicine

Katie A McLaughlin, Richard D Lane, Nicole R Bush
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Nicole R Bush, Richard D Lane, Katie A McLaughlin
Early-life adversities (ELA) are associated with subsequent pervasive alterations across a wide range of neurobiological systems and psychosocial factors that contribute to accelerated onset of health problems and diseases. In this article, we provide an integrated perspective on recent developments in research on ELA, based on the articles published in this Special Issue of Psychosomatic Medicine. We focus on the following: 1) the distinction between specific versus general aspects of ELA with regard to the nature of exposure (e...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Julia Schellong, Franziska Epple, Kerstin Weidner, Andrea Möllering
A non-neglectable portion of people that have fled to Germany have been subjected to expulsion, violence, torture and grave human loss. In some of them, signs of secondary mental problems are obvious. In the light of the efforts at integration, these diseases must not be neglected. Outlined are the federal legal requirements and how the cost coverage, as well as the admission to health care system, is structured. Additionally, 2 exemplary regional models for psychosomatic health care are being introduced: Dresden's "Stepped Care Model for Psychologically Vulnerable Refugees" includes phased offers for prevention and treatment of acute mental crises, as well as somatoform disorders in refugees and their volunteer helpers...
October 17, 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jing Wei, Lan Zhang, Xudong Zhao, Kurt Fritzsche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Yngvild S Danielsen, Guro Årdal Rekkedal, Stein Frostad, Ute Kessler
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a debilitating psychiatric disorder associated with a wide array of negative health complications and psychiatric comorbidity. Existing evidence for AN treatment in adults is weak, and no empirically supported treatment has been reliably established. The primary objective of this study is to gain knowledge about the effectiveness of enhanced cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT-E) for anorexia nervosa delivered in a public hospital setting. Baseline predictors of treatment outcome and dropout are studied...
October 5, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
S Döpfmer, M C Münchmeyer, T Natschke, W Herrmann, F Holzinger, R Burian, A Berghöfer, C Heintze
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the approach of general practitioners (GP) and outpatient specialists for psychiatry, neurology or psychosomatic medicine to patients with somatically unexplained complaints. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with general practitioners in Berlin and with outpatient specialists. Interviews were analyzed by qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: Both GPs and specialists rarely used structured diagnostic instruments...
October 5, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Tido Von Schoen-Angerer, Elisabeth Helmschmidt, René Madeleyn, Reinhard Kindt, Christoph Möller, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Jan Vagedes
INTRODUCTION: Pervasive refusal syndrome (PRS) describes children with social withdrawal who become unable to walk, eat, or care for themselves. This case report examines whether an integrative medicine approach is useful for treating PRS. CASE PRESENTATION: A seven-year-old girl with symptoms most consistent with PRS and depression was admitted to a pediatric ward in Germany that integrates conventional pediatric and psychosomatic care with anthroposophic medicine...
September 2, 2016: Permanente Journal
Bernward Schröder, Steffen Fleßa
Objective: The study looked at the impact that the switch from a reimbursement system with hospital per diem charges to a regional budget had on treatment. Methods: Routine data from two clinics over a period of ten years were evaluated. Results: Treatment took place in day clinics and on an outpatient basis to an increased extent after the change. Conclusion: The change in reimbursement system was the cause of the change in treatment. Since similar effects can also be expected when switching from the new reimbursement system for psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine to a regional budget system, regional budgets are a reasonable alternative...
September 12, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Gereon Heuft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Marie Angélique De Scheerder, Sylvie Rottey, An Mariman, Marleen Praet, Dirk Vogelaers
We describe a 43-year-old patient with subacute appearance of neurological and atypical complaints of anergia, anorexia and weight loss six months earlier. In spite of several admissions in different hospitals, no underlying somatic cause could be found and he was admitted to a psychiatric hospital with a tentative diagnosis of major depressive disorder. Subsequently, he was referred to the unit of medically unexplained physical symptoms within the department of general internal medicine for assessment by the psychiatrist, involved in this programme...
September 2, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jon Streltzer
This is a history of the International College of Psychosomatic Medicine from 1970 to the present.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
Richard P Dum, David J Levinthal, Peter L Strick
Modern medicine has generally viewed the concept of "psychosomatic" disease with suspicion. This view arose partly because no neural networks were known for the mind, conceptually associated with the cerebral cortex, to influence autonomic and endocrine systems that control internal organs. Here, we used transneuronal transport of rabies virus to identify the areas of the primate cerebral cortex that communicate through multisynaptic connections with a major sympathetic effector, the adrenal medulla. We demonstrate that two broad networks in the cerebral cortex have access to the adrenal medulla...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Fanmin Zeng, Xueli Sun, Bangxiang Yang, Hong Shen, Ling Liu
OBJECTIVE: This article adopts the perspective of psychosomatic medicine to present and test a theoretical model of the classification of clinical somatic symptoms. The theoretical model consists of four dimensions: emotional somatic symptoms, biological somatic symptoms, imaginative somatic symptoms, and cognitive somatic symptoms. METHOD: A clinical somatic symptom classification scale was developed according to the theoretical model. A total of 542 participants completed the clinical somatic symptoms classification scale...
2016: PloS One
Stephan Zipfel, Wolfgang Herzog, Johannes Kruse, Peter Henningsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
P O Staub, L Casu, M Leonti
BACKGROUND: De Materia Medica written by Pedanios Dioscorides (1 century CE) has shaped European and Mediterranean herbal medicine to a large extent. Despite its fundamental importance for modern medico-botanical traditions the content of this work has never been systematically assessed. PURPOSE: We present a quantitative survey of the botanical drugs described in De Materia Medica (ex Matthioli, 1568) and identify overall therapeutic, diachronic and botanical patterns...
September 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Michael Löhr, Andreas Liekenbrock, Frank Vilsmeier, Bruno Hemkendreis, André Nienaber, Rainer Klessmann, Pascal Wabnitz, Cornelia Schindler, Dorothea Sauter, Georg Oppermann, Silke Ludowisy-Dehl, Michael Schulz, Gereon Heuft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Janice K Kiecolt-Glaser, Stephanie J Wilson
A meta-analysis published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine provides convincing evidence that certain psychiatric populations have shorter telomeres than nonpsychiatric controls, in accord with the strong evidence linking psychiatric disorders with premature mortality. After addressing the clinical significance of shorter telomeres, this editorial describes mechanistic pathways that lead to telomere shortening. Additionally, two other novel methods for measuring biological markers of accelerated aging are briefly discussed: DNA methylation and cellular senescence based on p16...
September 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
John Tredinnick-Rowe
Thure von Uexküll's reputation as a pioneer in biosemiotics and also in psychosomatic medicine is well documented. It is easy to see these disciplines reflected in his notable publications, both in English and in German. However, if one spares the time to filter through all of his articles, monographs, conference papers and editorials in English and in German, a notable gap arises in his English language publications: that of clinical education. This gap in the English language literature may seem unimportant in and of itself, but it speaks volumes when we consider the total absence of medical semiotics in the curriculum of medical schools in the English speaking world...
July 11, 2016: Medical Humanities
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