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Liliane Maria Valentim Willi, Norma Vollmer Labarthe, Luiz Ney d'Escoffier, Jonimar Pereira Paiva, Marcia Gonçalves Nobre de Miranda, Flavya Mendes-de-Almeida, Tânia Zaverucha do Valle
OBJECTIVE: Dirofilaria immitis, the causative agent of canine heartworm infection, is worldwide the most important filarid to affect domestic dogs. Prevention of this infection is done by macrocyclic lactones, but some reports on the lack of efficacy have been published. Although the actual cause of resistance is unknown, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on a P-glycoprotein ABC transporter and β-tubulin genes have been pointed out as candidates for genetic markers of resistance...
February 23, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Nadiia Demikhova, Olga Chernatska, Olga Smiianova, Lyudmyla Vynnychenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Ricardo Jorge Dinis-Oliveira
Anxiolytic drugs, namely benzodiazepines, are the most commonly used psychoactive substances since anxiety disorders are prevalent mental disorders particularly in the Western world. Oxazepam is a short-acting benzodiazepine and one of the most frequently prescribed anxiolytic drugs. It is also the active metabolite of a wide range of other benzodiazepines, such as diazepam, ketazolam, temazepam, chlordiazepoxide, demoxazepam, halazepam, medazepam, prazepam, pinazepam, and chlorazepate. Therefore, relevant clinical and forensic outocomes may arise, namely those related to interference in driving performance...
September 14, 2017: Drug Metabolism Reviews
Madia Lozupone, Davide Seripa, Eleonora Stella, Maddalena La Montagna, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Nicola Quaranta, Federica Veneziani, Alberto Cester, Rodolfo Sardone, Caterina Bonfiglio, Gianluigi Giannelli, Paola Bisceglia, Roberto Bringiotti, Antonio Daniele, Antonio Greco, Antonello Bellomo, Giancarlo Logroscino, Francesco Panza
Currently, the diagnosis of psychiatric illnesses is based upon DSM-5 criteria. Although endophenotype-specificity for a particular disorder is discussed, the identification of objective biomarkers is ongoing for aiding diagnosis, prognosis, or clinical response to treatment. We need to improve the understanding of the biological abnormalities in psychiatric illnesses across conventional diagnostic boundaries. The present review investigates the innovative post-genomic knowledge used for psychiatric illness diagnostics and treatment response, with a particular focus on proteomics...
September 2017: Expert Review of Proteomics
Ahmet Engin Atay, Bennur Esen, Halit Akbas, Emel Saglam Gokmen, Saadet Pilten, Hale Guler, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggest that obese individuals are under risk of renal parenchymal disorders when compared to nonobese counterparts. Microalbuminuria is the early marker of renal involvement. Although most of obese patients carries multiple risk factors for microalbuminuria, some obese individuals without risk factor may progress to microalbuminuria. The present study was performed to examine the role of ICAM-1 gene 1462A>G (K469E) polymorphism on microalbuminuria in obese subjects without diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hiperlipidemia and older age...
July 2017: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
A Eroğlu, G G Ceylan, E Ozturk, A Yalcin, B Yalcin, D Karasoy
UNLABELLED: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the most common complications in cancer patients. Although factor V Leiden (FVL) is the most common genetic defect causing thrombosis, the impact of gene abnormalities on thrombotic tendency in cancer patients remains poorly explored. Tissue factor (TF) is a major physiologic initiator of blood coagulation. This is the first study regarding the association of TF gene -603A/G and +5466A>G polymorphisms with VTE in malignancy. Materials and Me-thods: The study consists of two groups: cancer patients with VTE were included as Group 1 (n = 46); Group 2 comprises 196 cancer patients without VTE...
September 2016: Experimental Oncology
Alba Martinez-Chamorro, Antonia Moreno, María Gómez-García, María José Cabello, Javier Martin, Miguel Ángel Lopez-Nevot
Crohn's Disease is one of the two major forms of the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases and, although the etiology is not completely understood, the confluence of environmental and genetic factors has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of TLR4 variants in a Spanish cohort of Crohn's Disease patients and their relation with phenotype and common NOD2 variants. A total of 371 Crohn's Disease (CD) patients and 636 healthy controls (HC) were included. Single Nucleotide Polimorphisms (SNPs) in TLR4 (D299G and T399I) and NOD2 (R702W and G908R) detection was performed by a Taqman(®) Allelic Discrimination Assay...
September 2016: Immunobiology
İhsan Hakkı Çiftci, Meltem Uğraş, Gürsel Acartürk, Gülşah Aşık, Birol Şafak, Fatma Hüsniye Dilek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clarithromycin resistance is an important factor of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication failure in adults and children. There are some tests to determine resistance such as restriction fragment length polimorphism (RFLP), fluorescence in situ hibridisation (FISH), PCR and (culture) agar dilution. Clarithromycin resistance is reported between 16.8%-48.2% in Turkey using PCR, 18% in Japan using RFLP. The aim of the study is to compare the efficacy of FISH, RFLP and culture...
December 2014: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
Raluca Vasilescu
The hypersensitivity reactions induced by drugs, some widely used, like central nervous system medication, can have various presentations. The lung is a frequent target for such events. We present the case of 40-year-old male patient, non-smoker, with infant encephalopaty, seizures since age of 6 with polimorphic crisis (mainly absences), with anticonvulsivant treatment since 2011 (carbamazepine, sodium valproate, levetiracetam), with no respiratory medical history. Current symptoms started two weeks before, with chest pain, dry cough...
April 2014: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
José Boullosa, Mahesh Bachu, Dulce Bila, Udaykumar Ranga, Theodoro Süffert, Tomoko Sasazawa, Amilcar Tanuri
The HIV-1 subtype C has been substituting the subtype B population in southern Brazil. This phenomenon has been previously described in other countries, suggesting that subtype C may possess greater fitness than other subtypes. The HIV-1 long-terminal repeat (LTR) is an important regulatory region critical for the viral life cycle. Sequence insertions immediately upstream of the viral enhancer are known as the most frequent naturally occurring length polimorphisms (MFNLP). Previous reports demonstrated that the MFNLP could lead to the duplication of transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) enhancing the activity of the HIV-1 subtype C LTR...
June 2014: Viruses
Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Rafał Iciek, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Maciej Brazert, Krzysztof Drews, Jacek Brazert
AIM: to study the frequency of genetic variants of eNOS and ACE polimorphism and their possible influence on the course of diabetic pregnancy and perinatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 107 pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, treated at the Department of Obstetrics and Women's Diseases between 2008-2011, were enrolled into the study. Ninety six (90%) of the patients delivered at term. All women were treated with intensive insulin therapy Glucose control was performed by means of self-monitoring with glucometers...
January 2014: Ginekologia Polska
Jacek Lelakowski, Joanna Pudlo, Maria Lelakowska-Piela, Anna Engel, Malgorzata Hardzina
Electrocardiography is a method which can not be replaced by any other examination in arrhythmias. It also plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of arrhythmic rare diseases by providing not only diagnostic data, but also paving the way for treatment. This article presents some characteristic examples of ECG in arrhythmic rare diseases (i.e., polimorphic ventricular tachycardia, Brugada syndrome, Coumela syndrome, nonreentrant supraventricular tachycardia with double ventricular response).
December 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Enric Bufill, Pere Roura-Poch, Isabel Sala-Matavera, Sofía Antón, Alberto Lleó, Belén Sánchez-Saudinós, Lluís Tomàs-Abadal, Teresa Puig, Josep Abós, Santiago Bernades, Jordi Clarimon, Rafael Blesa
BACKGROUND: Several reports suggest that the reelin protein could play a role in Alzheimer pathophysiology. This led us to ask whether genetic variability in the reelin pathway may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer disease (AD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: This was a case-control study in which neuropsychological tests were administered and peripheral blood samples taken. The study included 121 patients with AD, 94 with MCI, and 198 controls...
April 2015: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
E D Dubinskaia, A S Gasparov, T A Fedorova, N V Lapteva
The aim of this paper is to provide a systematic review of the role of the genetic factors, detoxication systems and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of endometriosis and infertility. Endometriosis and infertility are still both the most uncommon diseases in gynecology. Many aspects of female reproductive function are strongly influenced by genetic factors, and numerous studies have attempted to identify susceptibility genes for disorders affecting female fertility such as polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis, fibroids, cancer (ovarian, vulvar, cervical), premature ovarian failure, recurrent pregnancy loss and pre-eclampsia...
2013: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
Serap Duru, Gülbahar Yüce, Sevinc Sarinc Ulasli, Melike Erdem, Murat Kizilgün, Fatma Kara, Sadık Ardıc
YKL-40 (chitinase-3-like-1) has been introduced as a marker of inflammation in asthma. The aim of this study was to determine the role of YKL-40 in asthma and to evaluate the relationship between YKL-40 and asthma severity.In the study, 60 non-smoker asthma patients without additional diseases (aged between 20-60 years, female: 34) were grouped [Group I: Well controlled asthma patients (n: 30), Group II: Patients during acute exacerbation of asthma (n: 30)]. Healthy non-smoker female individuals were included in Group III (n: 30) as a control group...
July 9, 2013: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Joanna Żywiec, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska, Janusz Gumprecht, Władysław Grzeszczak, Aleksandra Werner
INTRODUCTION: Different pathological processes can deteriorate kidney function and cause ireversible degeneration of its structure; however, an optimal way to inhibit or slow down progression of renal damage is unforunately not available. In the light of promissing data concerning homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 2 (HIPK2) upregulation in damaged kidneys animal model, and increased levels of this protein in patients with various kidney diseases, the influence of rs7456421 and rs 2030712 single nucleotide polimorphisms of HIPK2 gene on chronic kidney disease incidence and progression was studied...
2013: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
V Mănucă, Carmen Dorobăţ
UNLABELLED: Pulmonary complications in HIV infection are still an important cause of morbidity and mortality among AIDS patients. An accurate assessment and diagnosis of these patients should include demografic, clinical, and laboratory data associated to the recognition of imaging pattern. When the radiological appearance is atypical and does not suggest pneumonia, the need of interpreting the pulmonary image in relation with HIV viremia level and CD4 lymphocyte count. AIM: Analysis of statistical data, diagnosis, course, and particularities of HIV/AIDS cases with non-tuberculous bronchopulmonary infections, and the possible relations between the pulmonary radiological appearance, viremia, and CD4 lymphocyte count...
April 2012: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Valentina Casale, Roberta Oneda, Luigi Matturri, Anna Maria Lavezzi
The sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the main cause of postneonatal infant death, being defined as the sudden death of an infant under one year of age that remains unexplained after a complete clinical review, autopsy and death scene investigation. The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) is involved in the regulation of a broad array of behavioral and biological functions. By controlling the reuptake of 5-HT from the extracellular space, the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) regulates the duration and strength of the interactions between 5-HT and its receptors...
February 2013: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
András Zóka, Anikó Somogyi, Gábor Firneisz
The incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus is globally increasing. The causes of this trend are relatively obvious in the case of type 2 diabetes. In contrast, in case of type 1 diabetes the amount of available data is continuously growing, but the causes are not so well defined. The genetic risk, especially related to the MHC genes is well known, and the increasing amount of data underlines the role of additional risks due to non-MHC genetic polimorphisms. Hopefully, they will provide the basis for future diagnostic and therapeutic approaches...
July 8, 2012: Orvosi Hetilap
Aycan Unalp, Elcin Bora, Tufan Cankaya, Ozlem Giray Bozkaya, Derya Ercal, Aysel Ozturk, Ayfer Ulgenalp
Brain-derived factor (BDNF) is a member of neurotrophin family and is localized and upregulated in areas implicated in epileptogenesis. Several lines of evidence make the BDNF gene a plausible candidate gene for predisposition to epilepsy. In this study, we tested that BDNF might be involved in the etiology of childhood PE. To assess whether BDNF gene C270T polimorphism could be implicated in vulnerability to PE, we conducted a case-control association analysis (112 partial epileptic and 100 controls) in Turkish children...
2012: TheScientificWorldJournal
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