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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-four-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#1
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
We aimed to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) one month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over four years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at one month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911585/early-lung-disease-in-infants-and-pre-school-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-what-have-we-learnt-and-what-should-we-do-about-it
#2
Sarath C Ranganathan, Graham L Hall, Peter D Sly, Stephen M Stick, Tonia A Douglas
The past decade has seen significant advances in understanding of the pathogenesis and progression of lung disease in cystic fibrosis. Pulmonary inflammation, infection and structural lung damage manifest very early in life and is prevalent among preschool children and infants, often in the absence of symptoms or signs. Early childhood represents a pivotal period amenable to intervention strategies that could delay or prevent the onset of lung damage and alter the longer term clinical trajectory for individuals with CF...
December 2, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902652/circulating-antibody-1-and-2-years-after-vaccination-with-the-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-preterm-compared-with-term-infants
#3
Federico Martinón-Torres, Jacek Wysocki, Kimberly J Center, Hanna Czajka, Ewa Majda-Stanislawska, Felix Omeñaca, Ana Concheiro-Guisan, Francisco Gimenez-Sanchez, Leszek Szenborn, Daniel Blázquez-Gamero, Laura Moreno-Galarraga, Peter C Giardina, Gang Sun, William C Gruber, Daniel A Scott, Alejandra Gurtman
BACKGROUND: Premature infants have lower short-term immune responses to vaccination than term infants, but patterns of antibody persistence in preterm infants over longer periods are not well established. This study assessed the persistence of antibody response to the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in formerly preterm versus term infants. METHODS: In total, 100 preterm and 100 term infants received PCV13 with routine vaccines at ages 2, 3, 4, and 12 months...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895849/celiac-disease-and-obstetrical-gynecological-contribution
#4
REVIEW
Giovanni Casella, Guido Orfanotti, Loredana Giacomantonio, Camillo Di Bella, Valentina Crisafulli, Vincenzo Villanacci, Vittorio Baldini, Gabrio Bassotti
Celiac disease (CD) shows an increased prevalence in female, particularly during the fertile period. Celiac disease should be researched in infertility, spontaneous and recurrent abortions, delayed menarche, amenorrhea, early menopause, and children with low birth-weight. Celiac disease is still little considered during the evaluation of infertility. Up to 50% of women with untreated CD refer an experience of miscarriage or an unfavorable outcome of pregnancy. Celiac patients taking a normal diet (with gluten) have a shorter reproductive period...
2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886650/the-relationship-between-gestational-age-and-the-severity-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#5
Kelly S Gibson, Ms Sydney Stark, Deepak Kumar, Jennifer L Bailit
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between gestational age at delivery and the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is poorly understood. Our objective was to compare the length of pharmacotherapy and hospital stay among opioid exposed infants born during the late preterm, early term, full term, and late term periods. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of infants affected by NAS SETTING: MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland, Ohio, USA: an urban tertiary care hospital serving as the referral center for opioid dependency in pregnancy with a level III neonatal intensive care unit PARTICIPANTS: All deliveries complicated by maternal opioid exposure from January 2000 to October 2014; 403 were eligible to be included (n = 102 Late Preterm, 34-36weeks (LP), n = 158 Early Term, 37-38weeks (ET), n = 122 Full Term, 39-40weeks (FT), n = 21 Late Term, ≥41 weeks (LT))...
November 25, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885978/factors-affecting-daily-cochlear-implant-use-in-children-datalogging-evidence
#6
Vijayalakshmi Easwar, Joseph Sanfilippo, Blake Papsin, Karen Gordon
BACKGROUND: Children with profound hearing loss can gain access to sound through cochlear implants (CIs), but these devices must be worn consistently to promote auditory development. Although subjective parent reports have identified several factors limiting long-term CI use in children, it is also important to understand the day-to-day issues which may preclude consistent device use. In the present study, objective measures gathered through datalogging software were used to quantify the following in children: (1) number of hours of CI use per day, (2) practical concerns including repeated disconnections between the external transmission coil and the internal device (termed "coil-offs"), and (3) listening environments experienced during daily use...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875363/pmtct-option-b-does-not-increase-preterm-birth-risk-and-may-prevent-extreme-prematurity-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-malawi
#7
Maganizo B Chagomerana, William C Miller, Brian W Pence, Mina C Hosseinipour, Irving F Hoffman, Robert J Flick, Hannock Tweya, Soyapi Mumba, Frank Chibwandira, Kimberly A Powers
OBJECTIVE: To estimate preterm birth risk among infants of HIV-infected women in Lilongwe, Malawi according to maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) status and initiation time under Option B+. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of HIV-infected women delivering at ≥27 weeks of gestation, April 2012-November 2015. Among women on ART at delivery, we restricted our analysis to those who initiated ART before 27 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We defined preterm birth as a singleton live birth at ≥27 and <37 weeks of gestation, with births at <32 weeks classified as extremely to very preterm...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#8
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863823/general-endotracheal-vs-non-endotracheal-regional-anesthesia-for-elective-inguinal-hernia-surgery-in-very-preterm-neonates-a-single-institution-experience
#9
Jean Gurria, Phillip Kuo, Angie Kao, Luisa Christensen, AiXuan Holterman
BACKGROUND: Very pre-term infants (VP) at <32 weeks post menstrual age PMA have a high incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia BPD. BPD places them at risk for pulmonary-related perioperative complications from general endotracheal anesthesia GE during elective inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was done to compare pulmonary-related perioperative risks between VP patients undergoing non-emergent inguinal hernia repair prior to NICU discharge under GE (n=58) vs regional anesthesia RA (n=37)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855152/heart-rate-variability-in-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-during-therapeutic-hypothermia
#10
Robert M Goulding, Nathan J Stevenson, Deirdre M Murray, Vicki Livingstone, Peter M Filan, Geraldine B Boylan
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) aims to ameliorate further injury in infants with moderate and severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We aim to assess the effect of TH on heart rate variability (HRV) in infants with HIE. METHODS: Multi-channel video-electroencephalography (EEG) and electrocardiography were assessed at 6-72h after birth in full-term infants with HIE, recruited prior to (pre-TH group) and following (TH group) the introduction of TH in our neonatal unit...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843854/clinical-study-of-fundus-findings-in-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#11
Rahul Navinchandra Bakhda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To study the role of ophthalmoscopy in pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) in diagnosis, prognosis, differential diagnosis, line of treatment and effect of treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study in which all the patients for the study are selected from antenatal clinic, antenatal wards and preeclampsia and eclampsia room in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Ophthalmic Out Patient Department (OPD) in case of ambulatory patients, during the period of Nov...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833819/salivary-microbiomes-of-indigenous-tsimane-mothers-and-infants-are-distinct-despite-frequent-premastication
#12
Cliff S Han, Melanie Ann Martin, Armand E K Dichosa, Ashlynn R Daughton, Seth Frietze, Hillard Kaplan, Michael D Gurven, Joe Alcock
BACKGROUND: Premastication, the transfer of pre-chewed food, is a common infant and young child feeding practice among the Tsimane, forager-horticulturalists living in the Bolivian Amazon. Research conducted primarily with Western populations has shown that infants harbor distinct oral microbiota from their mothers. Premastication, which is less common in these populations, may influence the colonization and maturation of infant oral microbiota, including via transmission of oral pathogens...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826103/longer-hypoxia-ischemia-periods-to-neonatal-rats-causes-motor-impairments-and-muscular-changes
#13
L E Durán-Carabali, E F Sanches, M R Marques, D Aristimunha, A Pagnussat, C A Netto
Prematurity and hypoxia-ischemia (HI) can lead to movement disorders in infants. Considering that mild-moderate HI induced at postnatal day (PND) 3 has failed to produce motor disabilities similar to those seen in pre-term newborns, the main goal of the present study was to verify whether longer hypoxia periods would mimic motor function impairment, brain and muscle morphological alterations. Forty-nine Wistar rat pups of both sexes were randomly assigned to surgical control (CG) and HI groups. HI animals were submitted to the Levine-Rice model at PND 3, and exposed to 120 (HI-120'), 180 (HI-180') or 210 (HI-210') minutes of hypoxia (FiO2: 0...
November 5, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801861/patterns-of-smoking-behaviour-in-low-income-pregnant-women-a-cohort-study-of-differential-effects-on-infant-birth-weight
#14
Catherine Hayes, Morgan Kearney, Helen O'Carroll, Lina Zgaga, Michael Geary, Cecily Kelleher
Maternal smoking accounts for 20%-30% of low birth weight (BW). Second-Hand Smoke (SHS) also negatively affects BW. This cohort study explored the differential effect of smoking patterns during pregnancy on infant BW. Smoking status for 652 self-reported smokers attending public ante-natal clinics was assessed at baseline (V1 first ante-natal visit), 28-32 weeks (V2) and one week after birth (V3). Multivariable generalised linear regression models tested smoking patterns (continuing to smoke, sustained quitting, partial quitting) on BW adjusting for household smoking and other co-variates...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799239/effectiveness-of-complementary-food-supplements-and-dietary-counselling-on-anaemia-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-of-qinghai-province-china-a-controlled-interventional-study
#15
Yanfeng Zhang, Qiong Wu, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Suying Chang, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Robert W Scherpbier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of dietary counselling and complementary food supplements on anaemia and stunting prevalence in children aged 6-23 months. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study with measurements of height and haemoglobin levels, and cross-sectional surveys in August 2012 (baseline), 2013 (mid-term) and 2014 (end-line). SETTING: One intervention county and one control county in rural Qinghai Province, China. INTERVENTION: Complementary food supplements (containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, B1, B2, B12, D3, folic acid, iron, zinc and calcium) and complementary feeding counselling were given in the intervention county...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771388/intranasal-treatment-with-a-novel-immunomodulator-mediates-innate-immune-protection-against-lethal-pneumonia-virus-of-mice
#16
Elisa C Martinez, Ravendra Garg, Pratima Shrivastava, Susantha Gomis, Sylvia van Drunen Littel-van den Hurk
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children. There are no licensed RSV vaccines available, and the few treatment options for high-risk individuals are either extremely costly or cause severe side effects and toxicity. Immunomodulation mediated by a novel formulation consisting of the toll-like receptor 3 agonist poly(I:C), an innate defense regulator peptide and a polyphosphazene (P-I-P) was evaluated in the context of lethal infection with pneumonia virus of mice (PVM)...
October 19, 2016: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755328/families-readiness-for-discharge-of-their-pre-term-infant-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#17
Lei Cheng, Yuxia Zhang, Ying Gu, Chunmei Lu, Qing Liu, Hao Yuan
BACKGROUND: Supporting and involving the families of pre-term infants' in the discharge process provides them with confidence in caring for their infants at home. In an effort to facilitate families' readiness for discharge, the neonatal unit (NU) of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University has implemented a best practice project. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to integrate the best available evidence on facilitating families' readiness for discharge into the nursing practice of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743975/preconceptional-and-maternal-obesity-epidemiology-and-health-consequences
#18
REVIEW
Lucilla Poston, Rishi Caleyachetty, Sven Cnattingius, Camila Corvalán, Ricardo Uauy, Sharron Herring, Matthew W Gillman
Obesity in women of reproductive age is increasing in prevelance worldwide. Obesity reduces fertility and increases time taken to conceive, and obesity-related comorbidities (such as type 2 diabetes and chronic hypertension) heighten the risk of adverse outcomes for mother and child if the woman becomes pregnant. Pregnant women who are obese are more likely to have early pregnancy loss, and have increased risk of congenital fetal malformations, delivery of large for gestational age infants, shoulder dystocia, spontaneous and medically indicated premature birth, and stillbirth...
December 2016: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743029/calculation-of-optimal-gestation-weight-gain-in-pre-pregnancy-underweight-women-due-to-body-mass-index-change-in-relation-to-mother-s-height
#19
Zoran Meštrović, Damir Roje, Marko Vulić, Mirela Zec
BACKGROUND: Optimal gestational weight gain has not yet been clearly defined and remains one of the most controversial issues in modern perinatology. The role of optimal weight gain during pregnancy is critical, as it has a strong effect on perinatal outcomes. PURPOSE: In this study, gestational body mass index (BMI) change, accounting for maternal height, was investigated as a new criterion for gestational weight gain determination, in the context of fetal growth assessment...
October 14, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733240/urological-and-sexual-outcome-in-patients-with-hirschsprung-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
Hendt P Versteegh, Navroop S Johal, Ivo de Blaauw, Michael P Stanton
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of recent evidence regarding long-term urological and sexual outcomes following surgery for Hirschsprung disease (HD). We aimed to undertake a systematic review of all HD literature to define these outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on studies from 1966 to 2014. Relevant articles were assessed for urological/sexual operative complications and functional sequelae. Studies were analysed in qualitative (Rangel score) and quantitative syntheses...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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