Read by QxMD icon Read

Pre term infant

Amjad Ahmadi, Rashid Ramazanzadeh, Koroush Sayehmiri, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Nour Amirmozafari
BACKGROUND: Premature birth is a primary cause of infant mortality and its etiology varies in different countries. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) is a common infectious agent transmitted through sexual contact. The purpose of this study is to investigate the connection between CT infections and preterm birth by meta-analysis. METHODS: All articles published in literature databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, ISI (Web of Science), Biological Abs, IranMedex, SID, and Scopus were investigated...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mathilde Egelund Christensen, Signe Sparre Beck-Nielsen, Christine Dalgård, Søs Dragsbæk Larsen, Sine Lykkedegn, Henriette Boye Kyhl, Steffen Husby, Henrik Thybo Christesen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Long standing vitamin D deficiency in children causes rickets with growth impairment. We investigated whether sub-ischial leg length (SLL) is shorter, and cephalo-caudal length:length (CCL:L) ratio and sitting height:height (SH:H) ratio larger, with lower cord s-25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in the population-based prospective Odense Child Cohort, Denmark. METHODS: We included healthy singletons born to term with available measures of cord 25OHD and anthropometrics up to three years' age...
2018: PloS One
Pierre-Yves Robillard, Gustaaf Dekker, Malik Boukerrou, Nathalie Le Moullec, Thomas C Hulsey
Background: There is a peculiar phenomenon: two separate individuals (mother and foetus) have a mutually interactive dependency concerning their respective weight. Very thin mothers have a higher risk of small for gestational age (SGA) infants, and rarely give birth to a large for gestational age (LGA) infant. While morbidly obese women often give birth to LGA infants, and rarely to SGA. Normal birthweight (AGA) infants (>10th and <90th centile of a neonatal population) typically have the lowest perinatal and long-term morbidity...
May 2018: Heliyon
Edna Orr
This study prospectively explored the role of declarative and imperative gestures in the development of language and symbolic play milestones using a multi-measure micro-analytic approach. Nine infants were observed in their natural home environments once a month for a one hour session between the ages of 8-16 months by recording their spontaneous pre-lingual and lingual form usages and symbolic play acts. This framework enabled the coding of object- and human-directed vocalization, babbling, speech, declarative and imperative gestures, and four types of symbolic play acts: single-object play, single-object sequences, multi-object play, and multi-object sequences...
June 1, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Toshimitsu Takayanagi, Akinori Shichijo, Masakazu Egashira, Tomoko Egashira, Tomoko Mizukami
AIM: The effect that intrauterine or extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) had on the build of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was investigated before Japanese children started school. METHOD: Between 2005 and 2017 the National Hospital Organization, Saga, Japan, carried out pre-school checks on 322 children born with a VLBW at approximately six years of age. Growth restriction was defined as being born small for gestational age (SGA) or EUGR if they were born at term...
June 4, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Ioanna Giannopoulou, Marianna A Pagida, Despina D Briana, Maria T Panayotacopoulou
Brain development is influenced by various prenatal, intrapartum, and postnatal events which may interact with genotype to affect the neural and psychophysiological systems related to emotions, specific cognitive functions (e.g., attention, memory), and language abilities and thereby heighten the risk for psychopathology later in life. Fetal hypoxia (intrapartum oxygen deprivation), hypoxia-related obstetric complications, and hypoxia during the early neonatal period are major environmental risk factors shown to be associated with an increased risk for later psychopathology...
March 2018: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Laetitia J C A Smarius, Manon van Eijsden, Thea G A Strieder, Theo A H Doreleijers, Reinoud J B J Gemke, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Susanne R de Rooij
OBJECTIVE: Early life stress has been shown to influence the developing autonomic nervous system. Stressors in infancy may program the autonomic nervous system resting state set point, affecting cardiovascular function in later life. Excessive crying may be an indicator of increased stress arousal in infancy. We hypothesized that excessive infant crying is related to altered cardiac autonomic nervous system activity and increased blood pressure at age 5-6 years. METHODS: In the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development study, excessive crying, maternal burden of infant care and maternal aggressive behavior in the 13th week after birth (range 11-16 weeks) were reported using questionnaires...
2018: PloS One
Jessica Londeree Saleska, Abigail Norris Turner, Courtney Maierhofer, Jan Clark, Jesse J Kwiek
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, nearly 18 million women of reproductive age are living with HIV-1. Although increased access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy has significantly reduced HIV-1 mother-to child transmission (MTCT), a similarly robust reduction in pre-term birth (PTB) and low birth weight (LBW) among infants born to women living with HIV has not been observed. This study was designed to identify associations between classes of ART regimens and risk of PTB or LBW. SETTING: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
Giovanni Frongia, Ji-Oun Byeon, Raoul Arnold, Arianeb Mehrabi, Patrick Günther
BACKGROUND: The indication and extent of cardiac screening before oral propranolol therapy (OPT) in patients with infantile hemangioma (IH) has been challenged. In this study, we evaluated pre-OPT cardiac diagnostics in a pediatric IH cohort in our department. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of infants ≤ 12 months old with IH undergoing OPT. The diagnostics prior to OPT, occurrence of complications, and outcome were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 234 patients were evaluated...
May 23, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Lakshmi Shandra Bos, Shefaly Shorey, Tamill Salvee Kulantaipian, Jane S P Sng, Wilson W S Tam, Serena S L Koh
This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of a neonatal discharge program, (ii) identify relationships between parent and infant factors and parental efficacy and psychological distress, and (iii) identify ways to improve the neonatal discharge program. A quasiexperimental 1-group pretest/posttest design was used. Through consecutive sampling, 42 participants were recruited. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Self-administering instruments gathered data on parental efficacy and psychological distress as well as feedback and recommendations on the intervention...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Isabel J Skypala, Rebecca McKenzie
Diet and nutrition play an important role in the development and management of food allergy. The diet of expectant mothers can have an effect on their offspring in terms of allergic outcomes. A host of confounding factors may influence this, with a maternal diet rich in fruits and vegetables, fish, vitamin D-rich foods associated with a lower risk of allergic disease in their children. More surprisingly, the consumption of milk and butter has also been shown to have a protective effect, especially in a farm environment...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Kimberley Whitehead, Pureza Laudiano-Dray, Judith Meek, Lorenzo Fabrizi
Study Objectives: Cortical activity patterns develop rapidly over the equivalent of the last trimester of gestation, in parallel with the establishment of sleep architecture. However, the emergence of mature cortical activity in wakefulness compared to sleep states in healthy pre-term infants is poorly understood. Methods: To investigate whether cortical activity has a different developmental profile in each sleep-wake state, we recorded 11-channels EEG, EOG and respiratory movement for one hour from 115 infants 34-43 weeks corrected age, with 0...
May 14, 2018: Sleep
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Matteo Parotto, Lara Giliberti, Alphonse Simbi, Lorenzo Severino, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: The human female's areolar region is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding continuum, supported by numerous functional features. AIMS: The aim of this study was to look more closely into the areola' skin chemical signals that are uniquely important for mother-infant chemoemission, chemoreception, and breastfeeding continuum. STUDY DESIGN: A dermatological study of the areolae and corresponding breast quadrants was undertaken on 71 healthy, at-term women...
May 7, 2018: Early Human Development
C S Paththinige, N D Sirisena, U G I U Kariyawasam, R C Ediriweera, P Kruszka, M Muenke, V H W Dissanayake
BACKGROUND: Parental balanced reciprocal translocations can result in partial aneuploidies in the offspring due to unbalanced meiotic segregation during gametogenesis. Herein, we report the phenotypic and molecular cytogenetic characterization of a 2 years and 4 months old female child with partial trisomy 7q22 → qter. This is the first such reported case resulting from a parental balanced translocation involving the long arms of chromosomes 7 and 14. The phenotype of the proband was compared with that of previously reported cases of trisomy 7q21 → qter or 7q22 → qter resulting from parental balanced translocations...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Genomics
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Lisa H Amir, Lisa G Smithers
PURPOSE: To examine differences in longer-term breastfeeding outcomes among mothers of preterm infants according to domperidone exposure status, as well as examine the potential for effect modification according to maternal weight. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 198 mothers of very preterm infants (born ≤ 30 weeks' gestation) who initiated breastfeeding and whose infants survived until hospital discharge. Data on domperidone use were obtained from hospital pharmacy records, with the primary outcome defined as continuation of breastfeeding at infant discharge from the Neonatal Unit...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Shabnam Peyvandi, Vann Chau, Ting Guo, Duan Xu, Hannah C Glass, Anne Synnes, Kenneth Poskitt, A James Barkovich, Steven P Miller, Patrick S McQuillen
BACKGROUND: Brain injury (BI) is reported in 60% of newborns with critical congenital heart disease as white matter injury (WMI) or stroke. Neurodevelopmental (ND) impairments are reported in these patients. The relationship between neonatal BI and ND outcome has not been established. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine the association between peri-operative BI and ND outcomes in infants with single ventricle physiology (SVP) and d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Graeme R Polglase, Michael Stark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
J Reekie, J M Kaldor, D B Mak, J Ward, B Donovan, J S Hocking, D Preen, B Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the long-term effect of infant and childhood hepatitis B (HBV) vaccination programs among birthing women in Western Australia. METHODS: A cohort of Western Australian women born from 1974 to 1995 was created using Birth Registrations and Electoral Roll records. They were linked to a perinatal register and notifiable diseases register to identify women having respectively their first births between 2000 and 2012 and diagnoses of HBV infections...
May 31, 2018: Vaccine
Rania A El-Farrash, Mohammed S El Shimy, Abeer S El-Sakka, Manal G Ahmed, Dina G Abdel-Moez
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral paracetamol versus oral ibuprofen in the treatment of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: An interventional randomized case-control study, registered in (NCT03265782), was conducted on 60 preterm infants with gestational age ≤34 weeks, postnatal age of 2-7 d and color Doppler echocardiographic evidence of hsPDA...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ruth Gussenhoven, Rob J J Westerlaken, Daan R M G Ophelders, Alan H Jobe, Matthew W Kemp, Suhas G Kallapur, Luc J Zimmermann, Per T Sangild, Stanislava Pankratova, Pierre Gressens, Boris W Kramer, Bobbi Fleiss, Tim G A M Wolfs
BACKGROUND: Antenatal infection (i.e., chorioamnionitis) is an important risk factor for adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes after preterm birth. Destructive and developmental disturbances of the white matter are hallmarks of preterm brain injury. Understanding the temporal effects of antenatal infection in relation to the onset of neurological injury is crucial for the development of neurotherapeutics for preterm infants. However, these dynamics remain unstudied. METHODS: Time-mated ewes were intra-amniotically injected with lipopolysaccharide at 5, 12, or 24 h or 2, 4, 8, or 15 days before preterm delivery at 125 days gestational age (term ~ 150 days)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"