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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901790/anti-cd123-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cells-cart-an-evolving-treatment-strategy-for-hematological-malignancies-and-a-potential-ace-in-the-hole-against-antigen-negative-relapse
#1
Katherine D Cummins, Saar Gill
Chimeric antigen receptor-modified T-cells (CART) are a potent and targeted immunotherapy which have induced remissions in some patients with chemotherapy refractory or relapsed (RR) hematologic malignancies. Hundreds of patients have now been treated worldwide with anti-CD19 CART cells, with complete response rates of up to 90%. CART therapy has a unique toxicity profile, and unfortunately not all responses are durable. Treatment failure occurs via two main routes - by loss of the CART cell population, or relapse with antigen loss...
September 13, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871586/using-a-cd45dim-cd123bright-hla-drneg-phenotyping-protocol-to-gate-basophils-in-fc-for-airway-allergy-cd123-does-not-decrease
#2
Salvatore Chirumbolo, Geir Bjorklund, Antonio Vella
Physicians in the field of respiratory medicine are particularly concerned about the availability of a reliable diagnostic tool to investigate respiratory allergy. Usually, basophils are easy to obtain from peripheral blood and therefore they represent a reproducible model to assess allergy in individuals. Cell assays called basophil activation tests (BATs) are widespread tools for allergy diagnosis and are easily available in most of the medical labs. The strategy by which basophils are captured in a flow cytometry protocol has met many suggestions, recommendations and experimental novelties in recent years, yet the debate needs to be further expanded...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865864/clinicopathologic-and-immunophenotypic-features-of-eosinophilic-fasciitis-and-morphea-profunda-a-comparative-study-of-27-cases
#3
Oluwakemi Onajin, Carilyn N Wieland, Margot S Peters, Christine M Lohse, Julia S Lehman
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF) and morphea profunda (MP) are inflammatory and sclerosing disorders of the subcutis that can exhibit clinical and pathologic presentations that overlap. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinicopathologic features that can be used to distinguish EF from MP. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 16 patients with EF and 11 patients with MP. Hematoxylin-eosin, CD123, CD34, and Verhoeff-Van Gieson stains were evaluated on skin biopsies that included the fascia...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856005/blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-in-children-a-review-of-two-cases
#4
Wenjun Deng, Minghua Yang, Feimei Kuang, Yingting Liu, Hui Zhang, Lizhi Cao, Min Xie, Liangchun Yang
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a newly characterized, rare malignant tumor of the skin and hematopoietic system. BPDCN occurs mainly in the elderly, whereas it is rarer among children, and has variable clinical manifestations. Optimal chemotherapeutic regimens for the treatment of BPDCN have not yet been determined and this tumor has a poor prognosis. In this study, two pediatric cases of BPDCN, including a 7-year-old female and a 9-year-old male patient, diagnosed at the Xiangya Hospital of Central South University over the past 2 years, were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853313/immunomodulatory-effects-of-heat-killed-mycobacterium-obuense-on-human-blood-dendritic-cells
#5
Samer Bazzi, Helmout Modjtahedi, Satvinder Mudan, Marcel Achkar, Charles Akle, Georges M Bahr
Heat-killed (HK) Mycobacterium obuense is a novel immunomodulator, currently undergoing clinical evaluation as an immunotherapeutic agent in the treatment of cancer. Here, we examined the effect of in vitro exposure to HK M. obuense on the expression of different categories of surface receptors on human blood myeloid (m) and plasmacytoid (p) DCs. Moreover, we have characterized the cytokine and chemokine secretion patterns of purified total blood DCs stimulated with HK M. obuense. HK M. obuense significantly up-regulated the expression of CD11c, CD80, CD83, CD86, CD274 and MHC class II in whole-blood mDCs and CD80, CD123 and MHC class II in whole-blood pDCs...
January 1, 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845698/novel-cd123-aptamer-originated-targeted-drug-trains-for-selectively-delivering-cytotoxic-agent-to-tumor-cells-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-theranostics
#6
Haibin Wu, Meng Wang, Bo Dai, Yanmin Zhang, Ying Yang, Qiao Li, Mingyue Duan, Xi Zhang, Xiaomei Wang, Anmao Li, Liyu Zhang
Since conventional chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has its limitations, a theranostic platform with targeted and efficient drug transport is in demand. In this study, we developed the first CD123 (AML tumor marker) aptamers and designed a novel CD123-aptamer-mediated targeted drug train (TDT) with effective, economical, biocompatible and high drug-loading capacity. These two CD123 aptamers (termed as ZW25 and CY30, respectively) can bind to a CD123 peptide epitope and CD123 + AML cells with high specificities and KD of 29...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842468/cxcl12-cxcr4-axis-is-required-for-contact-mediated-human-b-lymphoid-and-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-differentiation-but-not-t-lymphoid-generation
#7
Hirohito Minami, Keiki Nagaharu, Yoshiki Nakamori, Kohshi Ohishi, Naoshi Shimojo, Yuki Kageyama, Takeshi Matsumoto, Yuka Sugimoto, Isao Tawara, Masahiro Masuya, Hiroshi Miwa, Naoyuki Katayama
We investigated the involvement of CXCL12-CXCR4 interactions in human lymphohematopoiesis by coculture with telomerized human stromal cells. CXCR4 expression was low in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD45RA(-)CD10(-)CD7(-)CD19(-) immature hematopoietic stem/precursor cells (HSPCs) but higher in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD45RA(+)CD10(+)CD7(+/-)CD19(-) early lymphoid precursors and even higher in CD34(+)CD38(+)CD45RA(+)CD10(+)CD7(-)CD19(+) pro-B cells. Inhibition of the effect of stromal cell-produced CXCL12 by an anti-CXCR4-blocking Ab suppressed the generation of CD45RA(+)CD10(-)CD7(+)CD19(-) early T lymphoid precursors (ETPs) and CD45RA(+)CD10(+)CD7(-)CD19(+/-) B lymphoid precursors on stromal cells, but it did not affect the generation of ETPs in conditioned medium of stromal cell cultures...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830605/quantitative-flow-cytometric-evaluation-of-cd200-cd123-cd43-and-cd52-as-a-tool-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-mature-b-cell-neoplasms
#8
Elissandra Machado Arlindo, Natália Aydos Marcondes, Flavo Beno Fernandes, Gustavo Adolpho Moreira Faulhaber
BACKGROUND: Distinction between mature B-cell neoplasms can be difficult due to overlapping of immunologic features and clinical manifestations. This study investigated whether quantifying mean fluorescence intensity of four monoclonal antibodies in a flow cytometry panel is useful for the differential diagnosis and characterization of these disorders. METHODS: The expressions of CD52, CD200, CD123 and CD43 were analyzed in samples from 124 patients with mature B-cell neoplasms...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830597/scientific-comment-on-quantitative-flow-cytometric-evaluation-of-cd200-cd123-cd43-and-cd52-as-a-tool-for-the-differential-diagnosis-of-mature-b-cell-neoplasms
#9
Maura Rosane Valerio Ikoma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822152/-preparation-of-cd123-mono-antibody-modified-tanshinone-%C3%A2-a-loaded-immunoliposome-and-its-in-vitro-evaluation
#10
Yin Wang, Fu-Rong Liu, Hong-Lin Xiang, Hong Qing, Chen Chen, Sheng-Jun Mao, Hui Li
In the study, we developed a novel formulation, CD123 mono-antibody (mAb) modified tanshinone ⅡA loaded immunoliposome (CD123-TanⅡA-ILP) to achieve the targeted drug delivery for leukemia cells. Orthogonal test was used to optimize liposome preparation, and the TanⅡA-loaded PEGylated liposomes (TanⅡA-LP) of S100PC-Chol-(mPEG2000-DSPE)-TanⅡA at 19∶5∶1∶1 molar ratio were prepared by the thin film hydration-probe ultrasonic method. A post-insertion method was applied to prepare CD123-TanⅡA-ILP via thiolated mAb conjugated to the terminal of maleimide-PEG2000-DSPE...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810809/optimization-of-human-nk-cell-manufacturing-fully-automated-separation-improved-i-ex-vivo-i-expansion-using-il-21-with-autologous-feeder-cells-and-generation-of-anti-cd123-car-expressing-effector-cells
#11
Stephan Klöß, Olaf Oberschmidt, Michael Morgan, Julia Dahlke, Lubomir Arseniev, Volker Huppert, Markus Granzin, Tanja Gardlowski, Nadine Matthies, Stefanie Soltenborn, Axel Schambach, Ulrike Koehl
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The administration of ex-vivo expanded Natural killer (NK) cells as potential antitumor effector cells appears to be suitable for effector cell-based immunotherapies in high-risk cancer patients. However, the GMP-conform manufacturing of clinical-grade NK cells at sufficiently high numbers represent a great challenge. Therefore, we improved and optimized previous expansion protocols for those effector cells through the use of newly developed culture medium, IL-21 and autologous feeder cells...
August 16, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805931/mrp1-protein-expression-in-leukemic-stem-cells-as-a-negative-prognostic-marker-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-patients
#12
Maria Paprocka, Aleksandra Bielawska-Pohl, Joanna Rossowska, Agnieszka Krawczenko, Danuta Duś, Marek Kiełbiński, Olga Haus, Maria Podolak-Dawidziak, Kazimierz Kuliczkowski
BACKGROUND: It is well established that expression of multi-drug resistance (MDR) proteins (MDR1, BCRP, MDR3, MRP1 and LRP) in leukemic blasts correlates with AML patients clinical response. Assuming that leukemic stem cells (LSC) are resistant to chemotherapy and responsible for relapse it might be clinically relevant to evaluate the expression level of MDR proteins in LSC and relate it to the clinical outcome. METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 26 patients with de novo AML were labeled with antibodies to distinguish CD34+CD38-CD123+ LSC population and with antibodies against MDR1, BCRP, MDR3, MRP1 or LRP proteins...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795850/selection-and-characterization-of-antibody-clones-are-critical-for-accurate-flow-cytometry-based-monitoring-of-cd123-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#13
Nicole M Cruz, Mayumi Sugita, Nathan Ewing-Crystal, Linda Lam, Roman Galetto, Agnes Gouble, Julianne Smith, Duane C Hassane, Gail J Roboz, Monica L Guzman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795410/clinicopathological-analysis-of-46-cases-with-cd4-and-or-cd56-immature-hematolymphoid-malignancy-reappraisal-of-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-and-related-neoplasms
#14
Yuka Suzuki, Seiichi Kato, Kei Kohno, Akira Satou, Ahmed E Eladl, Naoko Asano, Michihiro Kono, Yuichi Kato, Masafumi Taniwaki, Masashi Akiyama, Shigeo Nakamura
AIMS: Here we aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of CD4+ and/or CD56+ immature hematolymphoid malignancy (iHLM), including blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed the clinicopathological features of 46 patients consecutively diagnosed with CD4+/CD56+ iHLM. These cases were categorized into three groups based on their immunohistochemical expression of three plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) markers (CD123, CD303, and TCL1): cutaneous BPDCN (n = 35), non-cutaneous BPDCN (n = 6), and non-BPDCN-type CD56+ neoplasms (n = 5)...
August 10, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752676/fine-needle-aspiration-findings-of-a-rare-hematopoietic-neoplasm-presenting-as-obstructive-jaundice
#15
Jessica Tracht, Ali M Ahmed, Frida Rosenblum Donath
A 51-year-old female who presented with obstructive jaundice was found to have masses in the pancreatic head and tail as well as suspicious liver and periaortic masses on imaging. Aspiration cytology of the pancreatic tail mass showed abundant large single cells with vacuolated eosinophilic cytoplasm, marked nuclear pleomorphism, large bizarre irregular nuclei, binucleation, and prominent nucleoli. Numerous cells also showed intracytoplasmic black to brown pigmentation. A cell block was obtained and extensive immunohistochemical staining was performed...
July 27, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719438/comparative-analysis-of-chilblain-lupus-erythematosus-and-idiopathic-perniosis-histopathologic-features-and-immunohistochemistry-for-cd123-and-cd30
#16
Michael L Wang, May P Chan
Distinction of chilblain lupus erythematosus (CLE) from idiopathic perniosis (IP) could predict an underlying connective tissue disease; however, histopathologic discrimination of the two is difficult. Increased CD123 plasmacytoid dendritic cells and CD30 lymphocytes have been demonstrated in various forms of cutaneous lupus erythematosus and IP, respectively. To our knowledge, CD123 and CD30 have not been examined in CLE. Our objective was to identify helpful histopathologic and immunohistochemical features in distinguishing CLE and IP...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718199/the-clec12a-receptor-marks-human-basophils-potential-implications-for-minimal-residual-disease-detection-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#17
Marie Toft-Petersen, Anne Stidsholt Roug, Trine Plesner, Lene Ebbesen, Gordon D Brown, Line Nederby
BACKGROUND: The transmembrane receptor C-type lectin domain family 12, member A (CLEC12A) is known to be highly expressed on monocytes and neutrophils and is a reliable leukemia associated marker in acute myeloid leukemia. Consequently, detailed knowledge of the various normal cell types expressing this receptor is essential. We have observed CLEC12A to be expressed on CD45lowSSClowCD14-CD123+ basophils in peripheral blood (PB) and in this study, we aimed at verifying this observation and further delineate the CD45lowSSClowCD14-CD123 + CLEC12A+ subpopulation...
July 17, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665981/ha117-endows-hl60-cells-with-a-stem-like-signature-by-inhibiting-the-degradation-of-dnmt1-via-its-ability-to-down-regulate-expression-of-the-ggl-domain-of-rgs6
#18
Shuangshuang Li, Xianqing Jin, Huan Wu, Yi Wang, Xiaoqing Li, Yuxia Guo, Shaoyan Liang
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces complete remission in almost all patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) via its ability to induce the in vivo differentiation of APL blasts. However, prolonged ATRA treatment can result in drug resistance. In previous studies, we generated a multi-drug-resistant HL60/ATRA cell line and found it to contain a new drug resistance-related gene segment, HA117. In this study, we demonstrate that ATRA induces multi-drug-resistant subpopulations of HL60 cells with a putative stem-like signature by up-regulating the expression of the new gene segment HA117...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640917/human-hantavirus-infection-elicits-pronounced-redistribution-of-mononuclear-phagocytes-in-peripheral-blood-and-airways
#19
Saskia Scholz, Faezzah Baharom, Gregory Rankin, Kimia T Maleki, Shawon Gupta, Sindhu Vangeti, Jamshid Pourazar, Andrea Discacciati, Jonas Höijer, Matteo Bottai, Niklas K Björkström, Johan Rasmuson, Magnus Evander, Anders Blomberg, Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren, Jonas Klingström, Clas Ahlm, Anna Smed-Sörensen
Hantaviruses infect humans via inhalation of virus-contaminated rodent excreta. Infection can cause severe disease with up to 40% mortality depending on the viral strain. The virus primarily targets the vascular endothelium without direct cytopathic effects. Instead, exaggerated immune responses may inadvertently contribute to disease development. Mononuclear phagocytes (MNPs), including monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs), orchestrate the adaptive immune responses. Since hantaviruses are transmitted via inhalation, studying immunological events in the airways is of importance to understand the processes leading to immunopathogenesis...
June 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635683/blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-with-pulmonary-involvement-and-atypical-skin-lesion
#20
Cyndi Myrelle da Silva Barros Romão, Cláudio José Dos Santos Júnior, Luiz Arthur Calheiros Leite, Maria Jordana Rocha Gomes Alves, Nathalia Silva Araújo, Anderson F L Castro, Muriel Silva Moura, Vitória Mikaelly da Silva Gomes, Arthur Moacir Costa Sampaio Batinga, João Antonio S Queiroz, Natanael Barbosa Dos Santos
BACKGROUND Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare hematodermic malignancy neoplasm with highly aggressive course and poor prognosis. This disease typically presents with cutaneous involvement as the first manifestation, with subsequent or simultaneous spread to bone marrow and peripheral blood.  CASE REPORT Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman who presented a violaceus skin lesion on the lateral region of the right thigh, weight loss, fever, and lymphadenopathies. Computed tomography (CT) displayed thoracic and abdominal lymph node and alveolar bleeding...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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