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Obstetric hemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044353/the-daily-practiced-post-partum-hemorrhage-management-an-italian-multidisciplinary-attended-protocol
#1
G Affronti, V Agostini, A Brizzi, L Bucci, E De Blasio, M G Frigo, C Giorgini, M Messina, A Ragusa, F Sirimarco, A Svelato
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the most frequent causes of mortality and morbidity in the obstetric population globally, causing about a quarter of maternal deaths yearly, and is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. The management of PPH remains a topic of great debate, even in view of new diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities in recent years, for which, however, the body of evidence available thus far is still scarce, as the standard values are lacking. The protocol hereby presented was developed after a literature review and during several meetings of an Italian multidisciplinary task group of specialists adopting a modified Delphi method, and is the result of the synthesis of therapeutic operational protocols for the treatment of PPH applied by the different specialties within the team...
September 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037097/obstetrical-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-endometriosis
#2
Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Liran Hiersch, Eran Ashwal, Eran Hadar, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yariv Yogev, Amir Aviram
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial-like tissue outside the uterus, associated with pelvic pain and subfertility, affecting 0.6-10% of the general female population. The association between endometriosis and obstetrical outcomes is not well established. We aimed to evaluate whether endometriosis is associated with a higher incidence of obstetrical and neonatal complications. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of all deliveries in a university-affiliated tertiary hospital (2007-2014)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033113/a-new-facilitating-technique-for-postpartum-hysterectomy-at-full-dilatation-cervical-clamp
#3
Ozan Dogan, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Murat Yassa
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hysterectomy is a life saving emergency procedure in the management of uncontrollable severe maternal hemorrhage that every obstetrician should be closely acquainted with despite developments in medical and non-surgical interventions for obstetric hemorrhage. It can be difficult to detect the real boundaries of the cervix at full effacement and dilatation in patients who undergo emergency hysterectomy after vaginal delivery. METHODS: Hereby we propose a simple and effective method to ease the operation by placing two atraumatic ring forceps to the anterior and posterior sides of the cervix during the preoperative vaginal examination and leave the two ring forceps while taking the patient into surgery...
October 9, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020789/-the-role-of-maternal-imunity-and-woman%C3%A2-s-microbiome-in-the-pathogenesis-of-preterm-labor
#4
M Koucký, K Malíčková, J Hrdý, A Černý, H Hrbáčková, P Šimják, A Pařízek
OBJECTIVE: To summarize available data concerning the role of maternal imunity and woman´s microbiome in the pathogenesis of preterm labor and their use in clinical practice. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology od the First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, and General Teaching Hospital. DESIGN: Review article. METHODS: Compilation od published data from scientific literature. CONCLUSION: Preterm labor complicates approximately 10% of all pregnancies and represents a serious medical, social and economic problem...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979649/-role-of-abortion-and-ectopic-pregnancies-in-maternal-mortality-rate-at-three-university-hospitals-in-yaound%C3%A3
#5
Danielle Victoire Tiako Kamga, Philip Njotang Nana, Florent Ymele Fouelifack, Jeanne Hortence Fouedjio
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 585.000 women die every year in the world as a result of complications related to pregnancy, delivery, postpartum period and abortion (the latter contributing to 13% of maternal deaths). Ectopic pregnancies are responsible for 10% of maternal mortality in the first quarter of pregnancy. Maternal mortality rate is high in Cameroon, estimated at 782 per 100.000 live births according to EDS-MICS 2011. AS the role of these two conditions in maternal mortality is little documented in our country, we conducted this study to assess the role of abortions and ectopic pregnancies in maternal mortality rate in Cameroon...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979638/-fight-against-maternal-mortality-in-rural-areas-decentralization-of-emergency-obstetric-cares-in-burkina-faso
#6
Souleymane Kaboré, Clément Ziemlé Méda, Issiaka Sombié, Léon Blaise Savadogo, Robert Karama, Koabié Bakouan, Djénéba Sanon Ouédraogo, Norbert Coulibaly, Robert Lucien Kargougou, Emanuel Lankoandé, Ramatou Windsouri Sawadogo, Karen Gosch
INTRODUCTION: In order to cover the shortage of midwives (MWs) in the health district of Tougan, Burkina Faso, a strategy for the decentralization of emergency obstetric cares, based on ad hoc interventions undertaken by MW to manage obstetric complications in health centers (HCs), has been developed in rural areas. This study aimed to describe this experience and to analyze the achieved results. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, analytical, intervention study based on a review of routine data from all the parturients treated from 2013 to 2015...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976059/spontaneous-intraperitoneal-hemorrhage-in-the-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-clinical-suspicion-made-the-difference
#7
Sameer Hamadeh, Bishr Addas, Nasreen Hamadeh, Jessica Rahman
A case of spontaneous hemoperitoneum resulting from ruptured vessels in the uterine-ovarian plexus, in the third trimester of pregnancy is described. This is a rare and challenging obstetric emergency. Acute abdominal pain is the main presenting symptom. Clinical suspicion and rapid intervention consisting of emergency cesarean section with ligation of bleeding vessels resulted in favorable outcomes for both mother and baby. The importance of prompt action in the case of deteriorating vital signs is emphasized to achieve success in their management...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969481/delivery-through-cervicovaginal-fistula-literature-review-and-case-report
#8
Rafał Watrowski, Burghardt Babbel, Gerald Gitsch
Less than 10 deliveries via cervicovaginal fistula (CVF) with closed cervical os were reported so far. In the majority of cases, the patients had a history of induced abortions. The CVF was usually recognized due to postpartum hemorrhage. The facilitating role of prostaglandins used for labor induction was supposed. In all cases, the babies remained unaffected by the delivery route. We report a new case of a 37 years old gravida 2, para 0, with a history of a paracervical tear following a first trimester abortion 11 years ago...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963690/new-medical-risks-affecting-obstetrics-after-implementation-of-the-two-child-policy-in-china
#9
Qiang Li, Dongrui Deng
China recently instituted a two-child policy in response to its aging population, declining workforce and demographic dividend, and the need to develop asocial economy. Additionally, women generally delay having a second child because of the overwhelming pressure in their lives. With the improvements in assisted fertility technologies in recent years, the number of elderly women attempting to bear children has increased. The quality of woman's eggs and a man's sperm declined dramatically with increasing age, leading to an increased risk of pregnancy-related complications among older women...
September 30, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961562/maternal-death-due-to-amniotic-fluid-embolism-a-national-study-in-france
#10
Marie-Pierre Bonnet, Diane Zlotnik, Monica Saucedo, Dominique Chassard, Marie-Hélène Bouvier-Colle, Catherine Deneux-Tharaux
BACKGROUND: A structured definition of amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) based on 4 criteria was recently proposed for use in research by the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) and the Amniotic Fluid Embolism Foundation. The main objective of this study was to review all AFE-related maternal deaths in France during 2007-2011 according to the presence or not of all these 4 diagnostic criteria. METHODS: Maternal deaths due to AFE were identified by the national experts committee of the French Confidential Enquiry into Maternal Deaths during 2007-2011 (n = 39)...
September 28, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956137/deleterious-impact-of-maternal-hepatitis-c-viral-infection-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcome-a-5-year-prospective-study
#11
Mohamed Rezk, Zein Omar
OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively the maternal and fetal outcome among pregnant women with chronic Hepatitis-C virus (HCV) infection compared to normal control group. METHODS: A prospective observational study conducted on 342 pregnant women with HCV who were divided into two groups according to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result, group 1 (n = 184, HCV-PCR negative) and group 2 (n = 154, HCV-PCR positive) with a third group of normal pregnant women (n = 170)...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954447/-expectant-management-of-11-cases-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancy
#12
F He, J Q Li, X L Tang, Y Lin, C H Su, D J Chen
Objective: To explore the natural courses of 11 patients with cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) with expectant management. Methods: Eleven patients with CSP who were diagnosed in the first trimester in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 2015 to March 2017 were recruited. All of them received expectant management. Nine pregnancies continued to the third trimester (the third trimester group), and 2 patients were expected to the second trimester (the second trimester group)...
September 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953570/the-association-between-learning-climate-and-adverse-obstetrical-outcomes-in-16-nontertiary-obstetrics-gynecology-departments-in-the-netherlands
#13
Alina Smirnova, Anita C J Ravelli, Renée E Stalmeijer, Onyebuchi A Arah, Maas Jan Heineman, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Joris A M van der Post, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between learning climate and adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes in obstetrics-gynecology departments. METHOD: The authors analyzed 23,629 births and 103 learning climate evaluations from 16 nontertiary obstetrics-gynecology departments in the Netherlands in 2013. Multilevel logistic regressions were used to calculate the odds of adverse perinatal and maternal outcomes, by learning climate score tertile, adjusting for maternal and department characteristics...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948631/management-of-dysfibrinogenemia-in-pregnancy-a-case-report
#14
Jie Yan, Donghong Deng, Peng Cheng, Lin Liao, Meiling Luo, Faquan Lin
BACKGROUND: Dysfibrinogenemia is a rare coagulation disorder caused by mutations in the fibrinogen gene that results in abnormal fibrinogen function. Dysfibrinogenemia has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations including asymptomatic(55%), hemorrhage (25%), and thrombosis (20%). METHODS: We reported a 30-year-old woman with 35 weeks gestation. She was misdiagnosed with hypofibrinogenemia in a local hospital, and then she was treated with fibrinogen concentrate...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948341/the-impact-of-a-new-standard-labor-protocol-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#15
Dingran Wang, Shenglong Ye, Liyuan Tao, Yongqing Wang
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical outcomes following the implementation of a new standard labor procedure. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis that included a study group consisting of patients managed based on a new standard labor protocol and a control group comprising patients managed under an old standard labor protocol. The following maternal and perinatal outcomes were compared in the two groups: the indications for a cesarean section and the incidence of cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage, fetal distress, neonatal asphyxia and pediatric intervention...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937571/practice-bulletin-no-183-postpartum-hemorrhage
#16
(no author information available yet)
Maternal hemorrhage, defined as a cumulative blood loss of greater than or equal to 1,000 mL or blood loss accompanied by signs or symptoms of hypovolemia within 24 hours after the birth process, remains the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide (1). Additional important secondary sequelae from hemorrhage exist and include adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, loss of fertility, and pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome).Hemorrhage that leads to blood transfusion is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity in the United States closely followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation (2)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937566/practice-bulletin-no-183-summary-postpartum-hemorrhage
#17
(no author information available yet)
Maternal hemorrhage, defined as a cumulative blood loss of greater than or equal to 1,000 mL or blood loss accompanied by signs or symptoms of hypovolemia within 24 hours after the birth process, remains the leading cause of maternal mortality worldwide (1). Additional important secondary sequelae from hemorrhage exist and include adult respiratory distress syndrome, shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, acute renal failure, loss of fertility, and pituitary necrosis (Sheehan syndrome).Hemorrhage that leads to blood transfusion is the leading cause of severe maternal morbidity in the United States closely followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation (2)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932882/no-episiotomy-versus-selective-lateral-mediolateral-episiotomy-epitrial-an-interim-analysis
#18
Lena Sagi-Dain, Rabia Bahous, Orna Caspin, Inna Kreinin-Bleicher, Ron Gonen, Shlomi Sagi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this trial was to evaluate whether avoiding episiotomy can decrease the risk of advanced perineal tears. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this randomized (1:1) parallel-group superiority trial, primiparous women underwent randomization into standard care (155 cases) vs. no episiotomy (154 cases) groups. The primary endpoint was the incidence of advanced (3rd- and 4th-degree) perineal tears. Secondary outcomes included perineal integrity, suturing characteristics, second-stage duration, incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, neonatal variables, and various postpartum symptoms 2 days and 2 months after delivery...
September 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932517/the-expanding-role-of-tranexamic-acid-in-the-management-of-obstetric-hemorrhage
#19
EDITORIAL
John T Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932266/risk-factors-for-surgical-site-infections-in-obstetrics-a-retrospective-study-in-an-ethiopian-referral-hospital
#20
Teshager Mamo, Tilaye Workneh Abebe, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women are at risk of infection during labor and delivery. Infection in obstetrics accounts for the second most common cause of maternal mortality next to post partum hemorrhage. Knowing the prevalence and associated risk factors would help to undertake optimal precautions and standard surgical techniques to reduce surgical site infection which poses increased hospital cost and total hospital stay of the patients. METHOD: Facility based retrospective observational study design was carried out purposively to assess the prevalence of surgical site infections and associated risk factors among mothers who had delivery related surgery at obstetric ward of Assela teaching referral hospital from April, 23, 2015 to September 5, 2015...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
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