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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845402/non-invasive-quantitative-analysis-of-specific-fat-accumulation-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissues-using-raman-spectroscopy
#1
Phiranuphon Meksiarun, Bibin B Andriana, Hiroko Matsuyoshi, Hidetoshi Sato
Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and fat beneath the dermis layer were investigated using a ball lens top hollow optical fiber Raman probe (BHRP). Hamsters were fed with trilinolein (TL) and tricaprin (TC) for six weeks and measurements were carried out every two weeks. The BHRP with an 800 μm diameter fused-silica ball lens was able to obtain information on the subcutaneous fat in a totally non-invasive manner. Changes in the concentration of TL and TC during the treatment were analyzed, and the relationship between fat accumulation and dietary fat was studied...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26582760/serotonergic-regulation-of-distention-induced-atp-release-from-the-urothelium
#2
Kazumasa Matsumoto-Miyai, Erika Yamada, Eriko Shinzawa, Yoshihisa Koyama, Shoichi Shimada, Masaru Yoshizumi, Masahito Kawatani
5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) is involved in both motor and sensory functions in hollow organs, especially the gastrointestinal tract. However, the involvement of 5-HT in visceral sensation of the urinary bladder remains unknown. Because distention-induced ATP release from the urothelium plays an essential role in visceral sensation of the urinary bladder, we investigated regulation of urothelial ATP release by the 5-HT signaling system. RT-PCR and immunohistochemical analyses of the urothelium revealed specific expression of 5-HT1D and 5-HT4 receptors...
November 18, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166071/management-of-giant-splenic-artery-aneurysm-comprehensive-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Sami Akbulut, Emrah Otan
To provide an overview of the medical literature on giant splenic artery aneurysm (SAA).The PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, and Google databases were searched using keywords to identify articles related to SAA. Keywords used were splenic artery aneurysm, giant splenic artery aneuryms, huge splenic artery aneurysm, splenic artery aneurysm rupture, and visceral artery aneurysm. SAAs with a diameter ≥5 cm are considered as giant and included in this study. The language of the publication was not a limitation criterion, and publications dated before January 15, 2015 were considered...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26141556/peritoneal-carcinomatosis-a-malignant-disease-with-an-embryological-origin
#4
REVIEW
Augusto Pereira, Elsa Mendizabal, Juan de Leon, Tirso Pérez-Medina, Javier F Magrina, Paul M Magtibay, Ana Rodríguez-Tapia, Santiago Lizarraga, Luís Ortiz-Quintana
INTRODUCTION: In 1931, Simpson et al. coined the term "peritoneal carcinomatosis" to describe the regional spread of ovarian tumors as localized or extended with involvement of the peritoneal serous membrane and neighboring anatomical structures. Research into the origin of peritoneal carcinomatosis is based on two phases in a woman's life: EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT: During week 3, the bilaminar disc becomes a trilaminar disc called the mesoderm. Inside the lateral plate mesoderm, the coelomic cavity is divided into 2 layers: the parietal (somatic) mesoderm, which gives rise to the parietal peritoneum and pleural surfaces; and the visceral (splanchnic) mesoderm, which gives rise to the visceral peritoneum, visceral surface of the pleura, gonadal stroma, and the muscular layer of the hollow viscera and its mesenteries...
September 2015: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26043829/confocal-microscopy-reveals-uniform-male-reproductive-anatomy-in-eriophyoid-mites-acariformes-eriophyoidea-including-spermatophore-pump-and-paired-vasa-deferentia
#5
Philipp E Chetverikov
Male internal genitalia of eriophyoid mites comprise cuticle lined (anterior genital apodeme, genital chamber and ductus ejculatorius) and soft (paired vasa deferentia and single testis) organs. Three-dimensional reconstructions based on autofluorescence show that a thin-walled genital chamber is usually situated in a transverse plane and precisely copies the shape of the spermatophore. A thin vertical longitudinal plate (homologous to female longitudinal bridge) joins the genital chamber and ventral genital cuticle...
August 2015: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26011772/a-new-method-for-sham-controlled-acupuncture-in-experimental-visceral-pain-a-randomized-single-blinded-study
#6
Jacob Juel, Stefano Liguori, Aldo Liguori, Massimiliano Valeriani, Carina Graversen, Søren S Olesen, Asbjørn M Drewes
OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture is increasingly used as an alternative to medical therapy for various pain conditions. To study the effect of acupuncture in experimental and clinical studies, a control condition with sham acupuncture is needed. However, as such models have not been established in assessment of acupunctures effect against visceral pain, this study aimed to validate a new method for blinded sham acupuncture in experimental rectal pain. METHODS: Fifteen subjects underwent a sequence of either sham or real acupuncture in randomized order...
July 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25884099/the-celiac-axis-revisited-anatomic-variants-pathologic-features-and-implications-for-modern-endovascular-management
#7
REVIEW
Richard D White, Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Carl M Sullivan, Syed A R Mustafa, Phey M Yeap, Matthew J Budak, Thiru A Sudarshan, Ian A Zealley
The celiac axis (CA) and its branches are critically important arteries that supply blood to the vital solid and hollow abdominal viscera of the foregut. There are many potential anatomic configurations, with up to half the population having a variation from the classic pattern of the CA bifurcating into the hepatosplenic trunk and left gastric artery. These configurations result from permutations in the fusion of the paired dorsal aortas during the first trimester. Despite the short length of the CA, it is affected by a wide range of pathologic conditions, including mesenteric ischemia due to intrinsic occlusion (secondary to causes such as atherosclerosis or thromboembolic events) and extrinsic compression from masses or the median arcuate ligament...
May 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25859824/gastrointestinal-infantile-hemangioma-presentation-and-management
#8
Ines W Soukoulis, Marilyn G Liang, Victor L Fox, John B Mulliken, Ahmad I Alomari, Steven J Fishman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to document the clinical presentation, diagnostic studies, and therapy of gastrointestinal infantile hemangiomas. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of children with gastrointestinal hemangiomas culled from our Vascular Anomalies Center database. We detailed the location of visceral and cutaneous tumors, as well as radiologic and procedural methods used for diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: A total of 9 of the 16 children (14 girls and 2 boys) with hollow visceral hemangiomas also had cutaneous lesions...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25603306/recurring-spontaneous-aseptic-pneumoperitoneum-presenting-secondary-to-an-unrelated-chief-complaint-a-case-report
#9
Mohammad Alassaf
INTRODUCTION: Pneumoperitoneum, observed by radiography, is typically associated with the perforation of hollow viscous. More than 90% of all cases of pneumoperitoneum are the result of a gastrointestinal tract perforation. These patients usually present with signs of acute peritonitis and require immediate surgical exploration and intervention. However, rare cases of idiopathic spontaneous pneumoperitoneum do occur without any indication of visceral perforation and other known causes of the free intraperitoneal gas...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25000834/clinical-approach-to-visceral-pain-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-pathophysiology-symptoms-and-treatment
#10
Andrzej Prystupa, Tomasz Mróz, Katarzyna Wojciechowska, Katarzyna Mróz, Tomasz Prystupa, Grzegorz Nowicki, Wojciech Załuska, Rafał Filip
Visceral pain has been defined as a pain resulting from activation of pain receptors localized in mucous membrane, serous membrane, and smooth muscles of hollow organs. The great majority of these organs are innervated by parasympathetic and sympathetic outflows. Afferent nerve fibres are involved in conduction of both acute and persistent pain and hyperalgesia. Visceral pain differs significantly from other types of pain in the way it originates and in clinical presentation. It can be misleading as a symptom, producing several problems in the diagnostic process...
2013: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24808922/repair-of-diaphragmatic-hernia-following-spinal-surgery-by-laparoscopic-mesh-application-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Roberto Bini, Diego Fontana, Alessandro Longo, Paolo Manconi, Renzo Leli
We describe the laparoscopic management of diaphragmatic hernia (DH) caused by vertebral pedicle screw displacement. A 58-year-old woman underwent surgery for scoliosis and underwent posterior pedicle screw fixation. In the first postoperative (PO)day, she developed mild dyspnea. An anteroposterior chest radiograph revealed bilateral pleural effusion, which was more pronounced on the left side. A thoracoabdominal computed tomography (CT) scan, performed in the second PO day, revealed a solid mass in the pleural cavity that was associated with screw displacement, which had also entered into the peritoneal cavity without apparent other lesion of hollow and solid viscous...
2014: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24646559/a-prospective-observational-study-of-abdominal-injury-management-in-contemporary-military-operations-damage-control-laparotomy-is-associated-with-high-survivability-and-low-rates-of-fecal-diversion
#12
Iain M Smith, Zine K M Beech, Jonathan B Lundy, Douglas M Bowley
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the cause, management, and outcomes of abdominal injury in a mature deployed military trauma system, with particular focus on damage control, hollow visceral injury (HVI), and stoma utilization. BACKGROUND: Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is established in military and civilian practice. However, optimal management of HVI during military DCL remains controversial. METHODS: We studied abdominal trauma managed over 5 months at the Joint Force Combat Support Hospital, Camp Bastion, Afghanistan (Role 3)...
April 2015: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24621635/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-hollow-visceral-myopathy
#13
H J Williams, N Reading, S Rabbani, J G Lanham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2014: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24589946/factors-affecting-morbidity-and-mortality-in-hollow-visceral-injuries-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#14
Z Arikanoglu, A Turkoglu, F Taskesen, B V Ulger, O Uslukaya, O Basol, M Aldemir
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hollow visceral injuries following blunt abdominal trauma are uncommon. The potential risk factors affecting morbidity and mortality are not well known. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of hollow viscus perforation after blunt abdominal trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patient files of 56 adult patients who were treated with diagnosis hollow viscus injuries due to blunt abdominal trauma between the years 2000 and 2011 at the Dicle University Medical School General Surgery Clinic were retrospectively evaluated by analyzing the relationship between morbidity-mortality and potential risk factors...
2014: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24391544/the-therapeutic-promise-of-atp-antagonism-at-p2x3-receptors-in-respiratory-and-urological-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Anthony P Ford, Bradley J Undem
A sensory role for ATP was proposed long before general acceptance of its extracellular role. ATP activates and sensitizes signal transmission at multiple sites along the sensory axis, across multiple synapses. P2X and P2Y receptors mediate ATP modulation of sensory pathways and participate in dysregulation, where ATP action directly on primary afferent neurons (PANs), linking receptive field to CNS, has received much attention. Many PANs, especially C-fibers, are activated by ATP, via P2X3-containing trimers...
2013: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24388260/-visceral-injury-in-abdominal-trauma-a-retrospective-study
#16
Sara Leite, António Taveira-Gomes, Hugo Sousa
BACKGROUND: Abdominal trauma is a major cause of morbi-mortality all over the world which makes it essential an approach focused on rapid diagnosis and treatment. The main goals of this study are to identify global epidemiologic data of abdominal trauma in our tertiary trauma center and to study traumatic lesions, treatment and outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the clinical file of all patients admitted with abdominal trauma, over a period of 5 years, in a tertiary trauma center...
November 2013: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23984116/isolated-jejunal-perforation-following-bicycle-handlebar-injury-in-adults-a-case-report
#17
Kyriakos Neofytou, Maria Michailidou, Athanasios Petrou, Sakis Loizou, Charalampos Andreou, Marios Pedonomou
The small intestine is the third in frequency intraperitoneal organ which is injured after blunt trauma of the abdomen. In most of the cases, this type of injuries is accompanied by other injuries, which make it more difficult to diagnose. Failure of diagnosis and delay in treating these injuries significantly increase the morbidity and mortality of these patients. Abdominal visceral injuries after flipping the handlebar of the bike are common in children. Such injuries can cause injury to both solid and hollow abdominal viscera...
2013: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23816694/massive-gastrointestinal-dilatation-in-a-case-of-hereditary-hollow-visceral-myopathy
#18
Robert J Huang, Chohee Yun, Linda Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23053599/ret-promoter-variations-in-familial-african-degenerative-leiomyopathy-adl-first-report-of-a-possible-genetic-environmental-interaction
#19
C Van Rensburg, S W Moore, M Zaahl
African degenerative leiomyopathy (ADL, DL, Bantu pseudo-Hirschsprung's disease) is a distinctive visceral myopathy, of unknown etiology, occurring in Africa. It has a classical clinical and histologic picture in young indigenous African children. It presents as intestinal pseudo-obstruction with a massive megacolon due to degeneration of smooth muscle without aganglionosis. Because of its late presentation and geographical and ethnic distribution, it is thought to be an acquired degenerative hollow visceral myopathy...
December 2012: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23052797/role-of-laparoscopy-in-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Eimer O'Malley, Emily Boyle, Adrian O'Callaghan, J Calvin Coffey, Stewart R Walsh
BACKGROUND: Debate remains regarding the optimum role of laparoscopy in the setting of trauma although it can offer advantages over traditional exploratory laparotomy. Laparoscopy can be a screening, diagnostic or therapeutic tool in trauma. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the role of laparoscopy in penetrating abdominal trauma METHODS: The PUBMED database was searched with the keywords "Laparoscopy AND Trauma". Additional citation searching and searching of the grey literature was conducted...
January 2013: World Journal of Surgery
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