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Sepsis and ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346650/persistence-of-zika-virus-after-birth-clinical-virological-neuroimaging-and-neuropathological-documentation-in-a-5-month-infant-with-congenital-zika-syndrome
#1
Leila Chimelli, Sheila Moura Pone, Elyzabeth Avvad-Portari, Zilton Farias Meira Vasconcelos, Andrea Araújo Zin, Daniela Prado Cunha, Nathalia Raposo Thompson, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira, Clayton A Wiley, Marcos Vinicius da Silva Pone
During the Zika epidemic in Brazil, a baby was born at term with microcephaly and arthrogryposis. The mother had Zika symptoms at 10 weeks of gestation. At 17 weeks, ultrasound showed cerebral malformation and ventriculomegaly. At 24 weeks, the amniotic fluid contained ZIKV RNA and at birth, placenta and maternal blood were also positive using RT-qPCR. At birth the baby urine contained ZIKV RNA, whereas CSF at birth and urine at 17 days did not. Seizures started at 6 days. EEG was abnormal and CT scan showed cerebral atrophy, calcifications, lissencephaly, ventriculomegaly, and cerebellar hypoplasia...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346232/use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-to-guide-pediatric-gastrostomy-tube-replacement-in-the-emergency-department
#2
Toby C Myatt, Anthony J Medak, Samuel H F Lam
The presentation of a pediatric patient to the emergency department for a malfunctioning or dislodged gastrostomy tube (G-tube) is not uncommon. As such, these tubes are often replaced at the bedside. Improper placement can result in a number of complications, including perforation, fistula tract formation, peritonitis, and sepsis. The current criterion standard method to confirm proper G-tube placement is contrast-enhanced radiography. However, point-of-care ultrasound may be an alternative method to guide and confirm pediatric G-tube replacement in the emergency department...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338765/infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a-4-year-experience-from-two-tertiary-care-centres-in-cameroon
#3
Rene Ndongo, Paul Nkemtendong Tolefac, Faustin Félicien Mouafo Tambo, Matin Hongieh Abanda, Marcelin Ngowe Ngowe, Olivier Fola, Bonaventure Dzekem, Patrick Eroyl Weledji, Maurice Aurelien Sosso, Jacqueline Ze Minkande
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with infantile hypertrophic stenosis, management and its outcome in two tertiary care centres in Cameroon. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were included from the two centres. The mean age at presentation was 5.2 ± 1.2 weeks, predominantly male with a male-to-female ratio of 4.25:1. The triad of vomiting, visible peristalsis and palpable mass was present in only 7 (33.3%) of the participants...
January 16, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331324/rectal-culture-directed-antibiotic-prophylaxis-before-transrectal-prostate-biopsy-reduced-infectious-complications-and-healthcare-costs
#4
J V Baldissera-Aradas, L Rodríguez-Villamil, R Blanco-Fernández, C Pérez-García, G Viejo de la Guerra, I González-Rodríguez, J Mosquera-Madera
BACKGROUND: Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TUPB) is associated with infectious complications (ICs), which are related to a greater prevalence of ciprofloxacin-resistant bacteria (CRB) in rectal flora. We examined the ICs that occurred in 2 groups: A guided antibiotic prophylaxis (GP) group and an empiric prophylaxis (EP) group. We assessed the financial impact of GP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The GP group was studied prospectively (June 2013 to July 2014)...
January 10, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304490/inflammatory-lung-edema-correlates-with-echocardiographic-estimation-of-capillary-wedge-pressure-in-newly-diagnosed-septic-patients
#5
Thiago M Santos, Daniel Franci, Carolina M Gontijo-Coutinho, Tatiana Mirabetti Ozahata, Tiago de Araújo Guerra Grangeia, José R Matos-Souza, Marco A Carvalho-Filho
PURPOSE: Lung ultrasound is an accurate and accessible tool to quantify lung edema. Furthermore, left ventricle filling pressures (LVFP) can be assessed with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) by the E/e' ratio (E/e'). The present study aimed to assess the correlation between E/e' and lung edema quantified by a simplified lung ultrasound score (LUS) in newly admitted septic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort, septic adult patients admitted at the emergency department of a tertiary hospital were included...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288004/targeted-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-for-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-during-active-surveillance-effect-on-hospitalization
#6
Carling Cheung, Hiten D Patel, Patricia Landis, H Ballentine Carter, Misop Han
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of targeted antibiotic prophylaxis using rectal swab cultures on hospitalization for infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUSP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of men (1995-2016) with prostate cancer on active surveillance receiving annual TRUSP biopsies was surveyed to determine the incidence of hospitalization for suspected postbiopsy sepsis. We compared biopsy events (i.e., unique biopsies) in the era of empiric prophylaxis to those in the era of targeted prophylaxis based on culture...
December 26, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205165/prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-fecal-flora-before-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy-and-the-clinical-impact-of-targeted-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#7
Arikan Ozgur, Yildirim Asif, Atis Gokhan, Tanidir Berrin, Gurbuz Cenk, Erol Bulent, Danacioglu Onur, Culpan Meftun, Vahapoglu Haluk, Caskurlu Hulya, Caskurlu Turhan
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to evaluate ciprofloxacin resistance and the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing organisms (ESBLs) in the population of patients with indication to undergo prostate biopsy. Our additional aim was to compare the targeted antibiotic prophylaxis and sepsis rates after transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy in patients who received routine ciprofloxacin prophylaxis and to evaluate the predictive factors of antibiotic resistance...
December 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158899/diaphragm-thickening-fraction-to-predict-weaning-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#8
Sujay Samanta, Ratender Kumar Singh, Arvind K Baronia, Banani Poddar, Afzal Azim, Mohan Gurjar
Background: Diaphragm ultrasound (DUS) is a well-established point of care modality for assessment of dimensional and functional aspects of the diaphragm. Amongst various measures, diaphragmatic thickening fraction (DTf) is more comprehensive. However, there is still uncertainty about its capability to predict weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). The present prospective observational exploratory study assessed the diaphragm at variable negative pressure triggers (NPTs) with US to predict weaning in ICU patients...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149961/practice-variation-in-the-immediate-postoperative-care-of-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-a-national-survey
#9
S Abu-Sultaneh, M J Hobson, A C Wilson, W C Goggins, M E Nitu, R Lutfi
INTRODUCTION: Advances in organ allocation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and long-term follow-up have led to a significant improvement in kidney transplant outcomes. Although there are clear recommendations for several aspects of kidney transplant management, there are no pediatric-specific guidelines for immediate postoperative care. The aim of this survey is to examine practice variations in the immediate postoperative care of pediatric kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We surveyed medical directors of Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)-affiliated pediatric intensive care units regarding center-specific immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145349/current-status-of-endoscopic-gallbladder-drainage
#10
Joey Ho Yi Chan, Anthony Yuen Bun Teoh
The gold standard for treatment of acute cholecystitis is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, cholecystectomy is often not suitable for surgically unfit patients who are too frail due to various co-morbidities. As such, several less invasive endoscopic treatment modalities have been developed to control sepsis, either as a definitive treatment or as a temporizing modality until the patient is stable enough to undergo cholecystectomy at a later stage. Recent developments in endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-specific stents having lumen-apposing properties have demonstrated potential as a definitive treatment modality...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126534/usefulness-of-ultrasound-to-help-solve-severe-sepsis
#11
Mohammed Abbasi, Yonatan Greenstein, Seth Koenig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057456/small-fetal-thymus-and-adverse-obstetrical-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Claudia Caissutti, Alessandra Familiari, Asma Khalil, Maria E Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Giovanni Scambia, Angelo Cagnacci, Francesco D'antonio
INTRODUCTION: To explore the association between small fetal thymus on ultrasound and adverse obstetrical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Science databases were searched. Primary outcome was the risk of preterm birth before 37 and 34 weeks of gestation in fetuses with, compared to those without, a small thymus on ultrasound. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: occurrence of chorioamnionitis, intrauterine growth restriction, neonatal sepsis, gestational age at birth, birthweight, neonatal morbidity and preeclampsia...
October 23, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047410/association-between-kidney-intracapsular-pressure-and-ultrasound-elastography
#13
Kianoush B Kashani, Shennen A Mao, Sami Safadi, Bruce P Amiot, Jaime M Glorioso, John C Lieske, Scott L Nyberg, Xiaoming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Kidney congestion is a common pathophysiologic pathway of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis and heart failure. There is no noninvasive tool to measure kidney intracapsular pressure (KIP) directly. METHODS: We evaluated the correlation of KIP with kidney elasticity measured by ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE). We directly measured transcatheter KIP in three pigs at baseline and after bolus infusion of normal saline, norepinephrine, vasopressin, dopamine, and fenoldopam; infiltration of 2-L peritoneal dialysis solution in the intra-abdominal space; and venous, arterial, and ureteral clamping...
October 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024965/use-of-pocus-ultrasound-in-sepsis-bedside-diagnosis-of-necrotizing-fasciitis
#14
Joaquín Valle Alonso, Ganapathiram Lakshmanan, Yasser Saleem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985844/assessment-of-hemodynamic-response-to-fluid-resuscitation-of-patients-with-intra-abdominal-sepsis-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#15
Egide Abahuje, Robert Munyaneza, Robert Riviello, Faustin Ntirenganya
BACKGROUND: Patients with intra-abdominal infections need to achieve adequate hemodynamic status before being taken to the operating room. Multiple parameters (urinary output [UOP], vital signs, inferior vena cava collapsibility index, and central venous pressure) may be used to assess hemodynamic response to fluid resuscitation, but the options are few in limited-resource settings. This study aimed at assessing if a bedside-performed ultrasound to assess the inferior vena cava collapsibility index is superior to UOP in assessing hemodynamic response to fluid resuscitation...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962810/intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#16
REVIEW
Christopher L Kramer
Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) is a substantial contributor to long-term disability in survivors of critical illness. Critical illness polyneuropathy, critical illness myopathy, and muscle atrophy from disuse contribute in various proportions to ICUAW. ICUAW is a clinical diagnosis supported by electrophysiology and newer diagnostic tests, such as muscle ultrasound. Risk factor reduction, including the aggressive treatment of sepsis and early mobilization, improves outcome. Although some patients with ICUAW experience a full recovery, for others improvement is slow and incomplete and quality of life is adversely affected...
November 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930478/mechanical-ventilation-induced-diaphragm-atrophy-strongly-impacts-clinical-outcomes
#17
Ewan C Goligher, Martin Dres, Eddy Fan, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Damon C Scales, Margaret S Herridge, Stefannie Vorona, Michael C Sklar, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Ashley Lanys, Alistair Murray, Deborah Brace, Cristian Urrea, W Darlene Reid, George Tomlinson, Arthur S Slutsky, Brian P Kavanagh, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson
Rationale Diaphragm dysfunction worsens outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients but the clinical impact of potentially preventable changes in diaphragm structure and function due to mechanical ventilation is unknown. Objectives To determine whether diaphragm atrophy developing during mechanical ventilation leads to prolonged ventilation. Methods Diaphragm thickness was measured daily by ultrasound in adults requiring invasive mechanical ventilation; inspiratory effort was assessed by thickening fraction...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903972/lactobacillus-the-not-so-friendly-bacteria
#18
Abirami Pararajasingam, Juliet Uwagwu
We present a 65-year-old diabetic patient with a complex liver abscess and bacteraemia from Lactobacillus paracasei The abscess resulted in a prolonged hospital stay due to ongoing sepsis despite ultrasound-guided drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Furthermore, the patient developed several secondary complications including a right-sided pleural effusion, an inferior vena cava thrombus and septic lung emboli. The abscess was eventually managed successfully with a prolonged course of antibiotics and multiple ultrasound-guided drainage procedures...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891004/cerebral-imaging-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-entero-and-human-parechovirus-sepsis-in-young-infants
#19
Eveline P de Jong, Herma C Holscher, Sylke J Steggerda, Jeanine M M Van Klink, Erika P M van Elzakker, Enrico Lopriore, Frans J Walther, Frank Brus
Enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of sepsis-like illness in infants under 90 days of age and have been identified as neurotropic. Studies about acute and long-term neurodevelopment in infants with sepsis-like illness without the need for intensive care are few. This study investigates cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome following EV and HPeV infection in these infants. We studied infants under 90 days of age who were admitted to a medium care unit with proven EV- or HPeV-induced sepsis-like illness...
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868509/-targeted-prophylaxis-impact-of-rectal-swab-culture-directed-prophylaxis-on-infectious-complications-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#20
Prabhjot Singh, Ashish Kumar, Siddharth Yadav, Lok Prakash, Brusabhanu Nayak, Rajeev Kumar, Arti Kapil, Prem Nath Dogra
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance among patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and the impact of rectal swab culture-directed antibiotic prophylaxis on postbiopsy infectious complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed all patients undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy from April 2013 to February 2015. Antibiotic prophylaxis was tailored to the results of rectal swab cultures. If the organism was fluoroquinolone-sensitive, oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg with tinidazole 600 mg was prescribed...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
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