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Sepsis and ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158899/diaphragm-thickening-fraction-to-predict-weaning-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#1
Sujay Samanta, Ratender Kumar Singh, Arvind K Baronia, Banani Poddar, Afzal Azim, Mohan Gurjar
Background: Diaphragm ultrasound (DUS) is a well-established point of care modality for assessment of dimensional and functional aspects of the diaphragm. Amongst various measures, diaphragmatic thickening fraction (DTf) is more comprehensive. However, there is still uncertainty about its capability to predict weaning from mechanical ventilation (MV). The present prospective observational exploratory study assessed the diaphragm at variable negative pressure triggers (NPTs) with US to predict weaning in ICU patients...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149961/practice-variation-in-the-immediate-postoperative-care-of-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-a-national-survey
#2
S Abu-Sultaneh, M J Hobson, A C Wilson, W C Goggins, M E Nitu, R Lutfi
INTRODUCTION: Advances in organ allocation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and long-term follow-up have led to a significant improvement in kidney transplant outcomes. Although there are clear recommendations for several aspects of kidney transplant management, there are no pediatric-specific guidelines for immediate postoperative care. The aim of this survey is to examine practice variations in the immediate postoperative care of pediatric kidney transplant patients. METHODS: We surveyed medical directors of Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)-affiliated pediatric intensive care units regarding center-specific immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145349/current-status-of-endoscopic-gallbladder-drainage
#3
Joey Ho Yi Chan, Anthony Yuen Bun Teoh
The gold standard for treatment of acute cholecystitis is laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, cholecystectomy is often not suitable for surgically unfit patients who are too frail due to various co-morbidities. As such, several less invasive endoscopic treatment modalities have been developed to control sepsis, either as a definitive treatment or as a temporizing modality until the patient is stable enough to undergo cholecystectomy at a later stage. Recent developments in endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-specific stents having lumen-apposing properties have demonstrated potential as a definitive treatment modality...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126534/usefulness-of-ultrasound-to-help-solve-severe-sepsis
#4
Mohammed Abbasi, Yonatan Greenstein, Seth Koenig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057456/small-fetal-thymus-and-adverse-obstetrical-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#5
Claudia Caissutti, Alessandra Familiari, Asma Khalil, Maria Elena Flacco, Lamberto Manzoli, Giovanni Scambia, Angelo Cagnacci, Francesco D'Antonio
INTRODUCTION: To explore the association between small fetal thymus on ultrasound and adverse obstetrical outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Science databases were searched. Primary outcome was the risk of preterm birth before 37 and 34 weeks in fetuses with compared to those without a small thymus on ultrasound. SECONDARY OUTCOMES: occurrence of chorioamnionitis, intra-uterine growth restriction, neonatal sepsis, gestational age at birth, birthweight, neonatal morbidity and pre-eclampsia...
October 23, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047410/association-between-kidney-intracapsular-pressure-and-ultrasound-elastography
#6
Kianoush B Kashani, Shennen A Mao, Sami Safadi, Bruce P Amiot, Jaime M Glorioso, John C Lieske, Scott L Nyberg, Xiaoming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Kidney congestion is a common pathophysiologic pathway of acute kidney injury (AKI) in sepsis and heart failure. There is no noninvasive tool to measure kidney intracapsular pressure (KIP) directly. METHODS: We evaluated the correlation of KIP with kidney elasticity measured by ultrasound surface wave elastography (USWE). We directly measured transcatheter KIP in three pigs at baseline and after bolus infusion of normal saline, norepinephrine, vasopressin, dopamine, and fenoldopam; infiltration of 2-L peritoneal dialysis solution in the intra-abdominal space; and venous, arterial, and ureteral clamping...
October 19, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024965/use-of-pocus-ultrasound-in-sepsis-bedside-diagnosis-of-necrotizing-fasciitis
#7
Joaquín Valle Alonso, Ganapathiram Lakshmanan, Yasser Saleem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985844/assessment-of-hemodynamic-response-to-fluid-resuscitation-of-patients-with-intra-abdominal-sepsis-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Egide Abahuje, Robert Munyaneza, Robert Riviello, Faustin Ntirenganya
BACKGROUND: Patients with intra-abdominal infections need to achieve adequate hemodynamic status before being taken to the operating room. Multiple parameters (urinary output [UOP], vital signs, inferior vena cava collapsibility index, and central venous pressure) may be used to assess hemodynamic response to fluid resuscitation, but the options are few in limited-resource settings. This study aimed at assessing if a bedside-performed ultrasound to assess the inferior vena cava collapsibility index is superior to UOP in assessing hemodynamic response to fluid resuscitation...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962810/intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#9
REVIEW
Christopher L Kramer
Intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) is a substantial contributor to long-term disability in survivors of critical illness. Critical illness polyneuropathy, critical illness myopathy, and muscle atrophy from disuse contribute in various proportions to ICUAW. ICUAW is a clinical diagnosis supported by electrophysiology and newer diagnostic tests, such as muscle ultrasound. Risk factor reduction, including the aggressive treatment of sepsis and early mobilization, improves outcome. Although some patients with ICUAW experience a full recovery, for others improvement is slow and incomplete and quality of life is adversely affected...
November 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930478/mechanical-ventilation-induced-diaphragm-atrophy-strongly-impacts-clinical-outcomes
#10
Ewan C Goligher, Martin Dres, Eddy Fan, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Damon C Scales, Margaret S Herridge, Stefannie Vorona, Michael C Sklar, Nuttapol Rittayamai, Ashley Lanys, Alistair Murray, Deborah Brace, Cristian Urrea, W Darlene Reid, George Tomlinson, Arthur S Slutsky, Brian P Kavanagh, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson
Rationale Diaphragm dysfunction worsens outcomes in mechanically ventilated patients but the clinical impact of potentially preventable changes in diaphragm structure and function due to mechanical ventilation is unknown. Objectives To determine whether diaphragm atrophy developing during mechanical ventilation leads to prolonged ventilation. Methods Diaphragm thickness was measured daily by ultrasound in adults requiring invasive mechanical ventilation; inspiratory effort was assessed by thickening fraction...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903972/lactobacillus-the-not-so-friendly-bacteria
#11
Abirami Pararajasingam, Juliet Uwagwu
We present a 65-year-old diabetic patient with a complex liver abscess and bacteraemia from Lactobacillus paracasei The abscess resulted in a prolonged hospital stay due to ongoing sepsis despite ultrasound-guided drainage and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Furthermore, the patient developed several secondary complications including a right-sided pleural effusion, an inferior vena cava thrombus and septic lung emboli. The abscess was eventually managed successfully with a prolonged course of antibiotics and multiple ultrasound-guided drainage procedures...
September 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891004/cerebral-imaging-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-after-entero-and-human-parechovirus-sepsis-in-young-infants
#12
Eveline P de Jong, Herma C Holscher, Sylke J Steggerda, Jeanine M M Van Klink, Erika P M van Elzakker, Enrico Lopriore, Frans J Walther, Frank Brus
Enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of sepsis-like illness in infants under 90 days of age and have been identified as neurotropic. Studies about acute and long-term neurodevelopment in infants with sepsis-like illness without the need for intensive care are few. This study investigates cerebral imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome following EV and HPeV infection in these infants. We studied infants under 90 days of age who were admitted to a medium care unit with proven EV- or HPeV-induced sepsis-like illness...
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868509/-targeted-prophylaxis-impact-of-rectal-swab-culture-directed-prophylaxis-on-infectious-complications-after-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#13
Prabhjot Singh, Ashish Kumar, Siddharth Yadav, Lok Prakash, Brusabhanu Nayak, Rajeev Kumar, Arti Kapil, Prem Nath Dogra
PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance among patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and the impact of rectal swab culture-directed antibiotic prophylaxis on postbiopsy infectious complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed all patients undergoing TRUS-guided prostate biopsy from April 2013 to February 2015. Antibiotic prophylaxis was tailored to the results of rectal swab cultures. If the organism was fluoroquinolone-sensitive, oral ciprofloxacin 500 mg with tinidazole 600 mg was prescribed...
September 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857531/-when-should-gestation-of-a-gastroschisis-be-terminated
#14
J Prat, E Muñoz, E Calvo, J Sabrià, E Miró, A Pertierra, M Castañón
OBJECTIVES: In gastroschisis pregnancies, a) to correlate prenatal ultrasound variables with postnatal outcome and b) to determine the ideal time for setting the delivery in order to achieve the best neonatal outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective review (2000-2015) of all available gastroschisis whose prenatal findings could be correlated with the neonatal outcome. Two study groups have been defined according to the complications present after birth: favorable gastrosquisis and complicated...
April 20, 2017: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832305/procedural-povidone-iodine-rectal-preparation-reduces-bacteriuria-and-bacteremia-following-prostate-needle-biopsy
#15
Jordan L Allen, Kathleen Lehman, Kalyan Dewan, Girish Kirimanjeswara, Jay D Raman
INTRODUCTION: To determine if a povidone iodine rectal preparation (PIRP) reduces rates of bacteriuria and bacteremia following transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy (TRUS PNB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men undergoing TRUS PNB were prospectively enrolled in a study comparing the impact of PIRP versus standard of care (two pills of ciprofloxacin 500 mg). Urine, blood, and rectal cultures were obtained 30 minutes post-procedure with colony forming units (CFUs) determined after 48 hours...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816281/-application-of-flurbiprofen-axetil-in-pain-management-associated-during-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#16
K Lan, W B Yang, X W Zhang, W J Bai, Q Li, T Xu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of perioperative intravenous administration of flurbiprofen axetil (FA) on pain associated with transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. METHODS: This was a randomized,controlled study. Eighty-one patients who underwent 12 core prostate biopsy were included in the study. The patients were randomly assigned to one of three groups (n=27 in each) by type of procedure during prostate biopsy. Group intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA) received intrarectal 5% (0...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812000/diagnostic-imaging-features-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Francesco Esposito, Rosanna Mamone, Marco Di Serafino, Carmela Mercogliano, Valerio Vitale, Gianfranco Vallone, Patrizia Oresta
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory process, characterized by intestinal necrosis of variable extension, leading to perforation, generalized peritonitis and death. The classical pathogenetic theory focuses on mucosal damage related to a stress induced intestinal ischemia leading to mucosal injury and bacterial colonization of the wall. A more recent hypothesis emphasizes the role of immaturity of gastrointestinal and immune system, particularly of the premature, responsible of bowel wall vulnerability and suffering...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808365/intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-of-quadriceps-muscle-thickness-measured-with-bedside-ultrasonography-by-critical-care-physicians
#18
Vijay Hadda, Gopi C Khilnani, Rohit Kumar, Ashesh Dhunguna, Saurabh Mittal, Maroof Ahmad Khan, Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Randeep Guleria
BACKGROUND: Muscle wasting is common among critically ill patients with sepsis and has a significant effect on clinical outcome. However, appropriate tool for measurement of muscle loss is debatable. Ultrasonography (USG) has been used for objective assessment of quadriceps muscle thickness among these patients; however, there is limited data on its reliability. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to assess the reliability of quadriceps muscle thickness as measured by critical care physicians...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807644/predictors-of-infectious-complications-after-targeted-prophylaxis-for-prostate-needle-biopsy
#19
Dimitri Papagiannopoulos, Michael Abern, Nathaniel Wilson, Nicholas O'Block, Lester Raff, Christopher Coogan, Kalyan C Latchamsetty
PURPOSE: The incidence of infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy is rising. We sought to identify the incidence and predictors of infection in a large cohort of men undergoing biopsy who receive targeted prophylaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 5,214 consecutive patients who underwent transrectal ultrasound guided prostate needle biopsy from January 2013 to December 2014 at UroPartners, a large urology group comprising 28 clinics in metropolitan Chicago...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791329/clinical-impact-of-eus-treatment-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-with-dedicated-devices
#20
Ilaria Tarantino, Dario Ligresti, Fabio Tuzzolino, Luca Barresi, Gabriele Curcio, Antonino Granata, Mario Traina
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) represents the major risk factor for sepsis-related multiple organ failure. Surgical debridement is an invasive approach associated with high rates of adverse events (AEs) and death. As an alternative, endoscopic ultrasound-guided cysto-gastro-anastomosis has emerged as an effective treatment for WOPNs. Recently a new dedicated-lumen apposing metal stent (LAMS) has been used with satisfactory results in treating peri-pancreatic fluid collections, including WOPNs...
August 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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