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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140966/how-was-your-otology-training-a-survey-of-recent-otolaryngology-residents
#1
Phillip Montague, Donald Bennett, Brian Kellermeyer
OBJECTIVE: To survey graduating residents or recent graduates of otolaryngology residency programs to evaluate their Otology/Neurotology (ON) experience in residency and discern if they had received adequate training in time to decide whether to pursue a fellowship in Otology or Neurotology. STUDY DESIGN: Internet-based survey. METHODS: A survey was distributed to all US otolaryngology residency programs to distribute to 5th year residents and recent graduates in last 4 years...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137816/resuscitation-for-the-specialty-of-nephrology-is-cardionephrology-the-answer
#3
Janani Rangaswami, Roy O Mathew, Peter A McCullough
The specialty of nephrology faces major fellowship recruitment challenges, with ongoing declining interest among internal medicine residents. The field of Cardionephrology can help instill new interest and enthusiasm in choosing nephrology as a career amongst trainee physicians.
November 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136254/completion-of-multiple-fellowships-by-orthopedic-surgeons-analysis-of-the-american-board-of-orthopaedic-surgery-certification-database
#4
J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels, Wesley Durand, Brandon Kingrey, John Prodromo, Mary K Mulcahey
Orthopedic surgeons have become increasingly subspecialized, and recent studies have shown that American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Step II applicants are performing a higher percentage of their cases within their chosen subspecialties. However, these studies focused exclusively on surgeons who have completed a single fellowship; little data exist on those who pursue a second fellowship. All applicants to the ABOS Part II examination from 2004 to 2016 were classified by their self-reported fellowship training history using the ABOS Part II examination database...
November 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133649/is-pediatric-ophthalmology-a-popular-subspecialty-in-india-present-scenario-and-future-remedies
#5
Sucheta Parija, Preetam Mahajan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the attitude and perceptions of residents regarding Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (POS) subspecialty training. We also explored the possible barriers and solutions to promoting POS in India. METHODS: A questionnaire consisting of 20 items, with a 5-point Likert scale, was provided to all postgraduate residents of Ophthalmology in the year 2013-2014. Semistructured interview of a selected panel of experts was carried out to understand the challenges, barriers, and opportunities for developing POS subspecialty in India...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132900/experience-from-the-thoracic-surgery-residents-association-traveling-fellowship-adult-and-pediatric-lung-transplantation-in-toronto
#6
EDITORIAL
Taufiek Konrad Rajab, Glen Van Arsdell, Shaf Keshavjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132786/outcomes-following-acute-metacarpophalangeal-joint-arthroplasty-dislocation-an-analysis-of-37-cases
#7
Nathan Wanderman, Eric Wagner, Steven Moran, Marco Rizzo
PURPOSE: There remains a paucity of information regarding the treatment outcomes of dislocation after metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcomes of surgical and nonsurgical treatment modalities of MCP arthroplasty dislocations. METHODS: Of 816 MCP joint arthroplasties over a 14-year period, there were 37 (4%) acute MCP joint dislocations that required intervention by a health care professional. Implants involved included 28 nonconstrained implants including pyrocarbon (n = 17) and surface replacement arthroplasty (n = 11), and 9 silicone implants...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131347/critical-care-ultrasound-a-national-survey-across-specialties
#8
Jeffrey R Stowell, Ross Kessler, Resa E Lewiss, Igor Barjaktarevic, Bikash Bhattarai, Napatkamon Ayutyanont, John L Kendall
PURPOSE: Management of the critically ill patient requires rapid assessment and differentiation. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) improves diagnostic accuracy and guides resuscitation. This study sought to describe the use of critical care related POCUS amongst different specialties. METHODS: This study was conducted as an online 18-question survey. Survey questions queried respondent demographics, preferences for POCUS use, and barriers to implementation. RESULTS: 2735 recipients received and viewed the survey with 416 (15...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130872/a-retrospective-comparative-analysis-of-the-use-of-implantable-bone-stimulators-in-nonunions
#9
J Ryan Martin, George Vestermark, Brian Mullis, Jeffrey Anglen
This study details the use of implantable bone stimulators in the setting of nonunion. A retrospective comparative analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of implantable bone stimulators in achieving union in the setting of atrophic or oligotrophic nonunion by two fellowship-trained orthopaedic trauma surgeons. Initially, 72 patients underwent surgical intervention for nonunion. Twenty-one patients had an implantable bone stimulator placed at the time of nonunion surgery. Thirty-eight patients had a minimum of 1-year follow-up...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127672/responsible-conduct-of-human-subjects-research-in-islamic-communities
#10
Aceil Al-Khatib, Michael Kalichman
In order to increase understanding of the ethical implications of biomedical, behavioral and clinical research, the Fogarty International Center, part of the United States National Institutes of Health, established an International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum Development Award (R25) to support programs in low- and middle-income countries. To develop research ethics expertise in Jordan, the University of California San Diego fellowship program in collaboration with Jordan University of Science and Technology provides courses that enable participants to develop skills in varied research ethics topics, including research with human subjects...
November 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126601/an-international-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-management-of-vancouver-type-b1-periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-around-total-hip-arthroplasties
#11
Brent D Bates, David W Walmsley, Milena R Vicente, Paul R Kuzyk, Aaron Nauth, James P Waddell, Michael D McKee, Emil H Schemitsch
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of periprosthetic femoral fractures around total hip arthroplasties is increasing. Fractures around a stable implant stem (Vancouver type B1) are among the most common of these fractures. Various fixation strategies for Vancouver type B1 periprosthetic fractures have been reported in the literature; however, little high-level evidence exists. This study was designed to determine the current management strategies and opinions among orthopaedic surgeons treating Vancouver type B1 periprosthetic femoral fractures, and to evaluate the need for a large prospective randomized controlled trial for the management of these injuries...
October 26, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123624/state-of-education-regarding-ultrasound-guided-interventions-during-pain-fellowships-in-korea-a-survey-of-recent-fellows
#12
Hyung Tae Kim, Sae Young Kim, Gyung Jo Byun, Byung Chul Shin, Jin Young Lee, Eun Joo Choi, Jong Bum Choi, Ji Hee Hong, Seung Won Choi, Yeon Dong Kim
Background: Recently, the use of ultrasound (US) techniques in regional anesthesia and pain medicine has increased significantly. However, the current extent of training in the use of US-guided pain management procedures in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess the current state of US training provided during Korean Pain Society (KPS) pain fellowship programs through the comparative analysis between training hospitals. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 51 pain physicians who had completed KPS fellowships in 2017...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121350/individualized-fsh-dosing-based-on-ovarian-reserve-testing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-a-multicentre-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#13
Theodora C van Tilborg, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Monique H Mochtar, Ron J T van Golde, Annemieke Hoek, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Kathrin Fleischer, Jan Peter de Bruin, Henk Groen, Madelon van Wely, Cornelis B Lambalk, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in live birth rate and/or cost-effectiveness between antral follicle count (AFC)-based individualized FSH dosing or standard FSH dosing in women starting IVF or ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women initiating IVF/ICSI, AFC-based individualized FSH dosing does not improve live birth rates or reduce costs as compared to a standard FSH dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF or ICSI, ovarian reserve testing is often used to adjust the FSH dose in order to normalize ovarian response and optimize live birth rates...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121326/individualized-versus-standard-fsh-dosing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-an-rct-part-1-the-predicted-poor-responder
#14
Theodora C van Tilborg, Helen L Torrance, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Carolien A M Koks, Harold R Verhoeve, Annemiek W Nap, Gabrielle J Scheffer, A Petra Manger, Benedictus C Schoot, Alexander V Sluijmer, Arie Verhoeff, Henk Groen, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans
STUDY QUESTION: Does an increased FSH dose result in higher cumulative live birth rates in women with a predicted poor ovarian response, apparent from a low antral follicle count (AFC), scheduled for IVF or ICSI? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women with a predicted poor ovarian response (AFC < 11) undergoing IVF/ICSI, an increased FSH dose (225/450 IU/day) does not improve cumulative live birth rates as compared to a standard dose (150 IU/day). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In women scheduled for IVF/ICSI, an ovarian reserve test (ORT) can predict ovarian response to stimulation...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121269/individualized-versus-standard-fsh-dosing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-an-rct-part-2-the-predicted-hyper-responder
#15
Simone C Oudshoorn, Theodora C van Tilborg, Marinus J C Eijkemans, G Jur E Oosterhuis, Jaap Friederich, Marcel H A van Hooff, Evert J P van Santbrink, Egbert A Brinkhuis, Jesper M J Smeenk, Janet Kwee, Corry H de Koning, Henk Groen, Cornelis B Lambalk, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Does a reduced FSH dose in women with a predicted hyper response, apparent from a high antral follicle count (AFC), who are scheduled for IVF/ICSI lead to a different outcome with respect to cumulative live birth rate and safety? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although in women with a predicted hyper response (AFC > 15) undergoing IVF/ICSI a reduced FSH dose (100 IU per day) results in similar cumulative live birth rates and a lower occurrence of any grade of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) as compared to a standard dose (150 IU/day), a higher first cycle cancellation rate and similar severe OHSS rate were observed...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121158/opioid-use-by-patients-after-rhinoplasty
#16
Sagar Patel, Angela Sturm, Michael Bobian, Peter F Svider, Giancarlo Zuliani, Russell Kridel
Importance: Given the increase in opioid addiction and overdose in the United States, reasoned opioid use after outpatient surgery may affect prescription medication abuse. Objectives: To examine patient use of opioids after rhinoplasty and establish an optimal postrhinoplasty pain management regimen. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, opioid use was evaluated in 62 patients who underwent rhinoplasty performed by 3 fellowship-trained facial plastic surgeons, 2 in private practice in Texas and 1 in an academic setting in Michigan, from February 2016 to September 2016...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117416/accuracy-of-visual-estimation-of-lasik-flap-thickness
#17
Jason E Brenner, Ali Fadlallah, Kathryn M Hatch, Catherine Choi, Rony R Sayegh, Paul Kouyoumjian, Simon Wu, George T Frangieh, Samir A Melki
PURPOSE: To assess the accuracy of surgeons' visual estimation of LASIK flap thickness when created by a femtosecond laser by comparing it to ultrasound measurements. METHODS: Surgeons were asked to visually estimate the thickness of a femtosecond flap during the procedure. Total corneal thickness was measured by ultrasound pachymetry prior to the procedure and the stromal bed was similarly measured after flap lifting. The estimates from three experienced surgeons (cornea fellowship trained and more than 5 years in practice) were compared to those of three cornea fellows, with each surgeon evaluating 20 eyes (120 total)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116973/the-pediatric-anesthesiology-workforce-projecting-supply-and-trends-2015-2035
#18
Matthew K Muffly, Mark Singleton, Rita Agarwal, David Scheinker, Daniel Miller, Tyler M Muffly, Anita Honkanen
BACKGROUND: A workforce analysis was conducted to predict whether the projected future supply of pediatric anesthesiologists is balanced with the requirements of the inpatient pediatric population. The specific aims of our analysis were to (1) project the number of pediatric anesthesiologists in the future workforce; (2) project pediatric anesthesiologist-to-pediatric population ratios (0-17 years); (3) project the mean number of inpatient pediatric procedures per pediatric anesthesiologist; and (4) evaluate the effect of alternative projections of individual variables on the model projections through 2035...
November 7, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112618/2017-student-fellowships
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109560/educational-attainment-and-academic-profile-of-deans-and-chairs-at-us-pharmacy-schools
#20
Mitra Assemi, Jessica Yu, Sum Liu, Robin L Corelli, Karen Suchanek Hudmon
Objective. To characterize educational attainment and experiences of current US pharmacy school deans and chairs. Methods. A cross-sectional study using a publicly available listing of accredited schools and information. Results. Among 134 deans and 301 chairs, 79.9% and 65.5% held a professional degree (BSPharm and/or PharmD), 33.6% and 26.2% completed PGY-1 residencies, 12.7% and 15.6% completed post-PharmD fellowships, 23.1% and 33.9% completed post-doctoral fellowships, and 13.4% and 18.3% held BPS certification, respectively...
September 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
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