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josef parnas

Andreas Rosén Rasmussen, Helene Stephensen, Julie Nordgaard, Josef Parnas
This paper serves as an introduction to the Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination (EAFI) - a novel instrument for a semistructured, phenomenological exploration of psychopathology of imagination. We present an account of the phenomenology of imagination and proceed to a presentation of the disorders of imagination that are addressed in the EAFI. Furthermore, the interrater reliability of the EAFI was examined in a diagnostically heterogeneous sample of 20 in-patients. The interrater agreement ranged from 0...
May 14, 2018: Psychopathology
Andreas Rosén Rasmussen, Helene Stephensen, Josef Parnas
The Examination of Anomalous Fantasy and Imagination (EAFI) is an instrument for a semistructured, phenomenological exploration of psychopathology of imagination. The EAFI provides a conceptual-descriptive framework to address such experiences. It consists of 16 main items, sometimes divided into subtypes. We suggest that the anomalies of imagination explored by the EAFI reflect an alteration in the structure of consciousness and belong to a fundamental, generative layer of psychopathology with relevance to differential diagnostic purposes...
May 14, 2018: Psychopathology
Barnaby Nelson, Jessica A Hartmann, Josef Parnas
SummarySeveral research trends in contemporary psychiatry would benefit from greater emphasis on detailed assessment, modelling dynamic change, and micro-level analysis. This may assist with clarifying nosological and pathoaetiological issues. We make this case by referring to three areas: psychopathology and nosology; prediction research; and 'big N' data sets.Declaration of interestNone.
May 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Maja Zandersen, Mads Gram Henriksen, Josef Parnas
The status of borderline personality disorder (BPD) as a diagnostic category is a matter of continuing controversy. In the United States, BPD is one of the most frequent diagnoses of psychiatric inpatients, and a similar tendency emerges in Europe. Nearly all theoretical aspects of BPD have been questioned, including its very position as a personality disorder. In this article, we trace the evolution of the borderline concept from the beginning of the 20th century to the current psychometric research. We argue that the status of BPD is fraught with conceptual difficulties, including an unrecognized semantic drift of major phenomenological terms (e...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Personality Disorders
Maja Zandersen, Josef Parnas
Historical and current research on borderline personality disorder reveal certain affinities with schizophrenia spectrum psychopathology. This is also the case for the borderline criteria of "identity disturbance" and "feelings of emptiness," which reflect symptomatology frequently found in schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder. Unfortunately, the diagnostic manuals offer limited insight into the nature of these criteria, including possible deviations and similarities with schizophrenia spectrum symptomatology...
January 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Dan Koren, Ravit Scheyer, Noa Reznik, Merav Adres, Alan Apter, Josef Parnas, Larry J Seidman
AIM: The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between basic self-disturbance (SD) and deficits in neurocognitive and metacognitive functioning among help-seeking adolescents with and without attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS). METHODS: Sixty-one non-psychotic, help-seeking adolescents (age 13-18) were assessed with the examination of anomalous self-experience, the structured interview for prodromal syndromes and a new metacognitive approach to neurocognitive assessment applied to two non-social (executive functions and verbal memory) and two social (theory of mind and emotion recognition) domains...
October 20, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Julie Nordgaard, Lars Siersbæk Nilsson, Ditte Sæbye, Josef Parnas
Self-disorders have been hypothesized to be an underlying and trait-like core feature of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and a certain degree of temporal stability of self-disorders would therefore be expected. The aim of the study was to examine the persistence of self-disorders measured by the Examination of Anomalous Self Experiences over a time span of 5 years. 48 patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders were thoroughly assessed for psychopathology at baseline and 5 years later. Self-disorders were assessed by the Examination of Anomalous Self Experiences...
September 1, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
Mariateresa Sestito, Josef Parnas, Carlo Maggini, Vittorio Gallese
While investigating social cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, prominent evidence has been found that patients with schizophrenia show a tendency to misclassify neutral stimuli as negatively valenced. Within this population, patients presenting delusions are more prone to this phenomenon. In a previous study, Schizophrenia spectrum (SzSp) patients rated positive, negative and neutral stimuli that were multimodally presented, while assessed with a checklist exploring anomalous subjective experiences and evaluated for positive and negative symptomatology...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Josef Parnas, Julie Nordgaard, Mads Gram Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychopathology
Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos, Borut Skodlar, Giovanni Stanghellini, Thomas Fuchs, Josef Parnas, Nev Jones
The "EAWE: Examination of Anomalous World Experience" is a detailed semi-structured interview format whose aim is to elicit description and discussion of a person's experience of various aspects of their lived world. The instrument is grounded in the tradition of phenomenological psychopathology and aims to explore, in a qualitatively rich manner, six key dimensions of subjectivity - namely, a person's experience of: (1) Space and objects, (2) Time and events, (3) Other persons, (4) Language (whether spoken or written), (5) Atmosphere (overall sense of reality, familiarity, vitality, meaning, or relevance), and (6) Existential orientation (values, attitudes, and worldviews)...
2017: Psychopathology
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea Raballo, Josef Parnas
Attenuated psychotic symptoms (APS) are the key criteria to identify the individuals at enhanced risk of developing psychotic disorders. Competing clinicians-rated or self-rated psychometric instruments can also be used to detect APS, which makes it difficult to interpret their actual clinical significance. This article summarizes the empirical differences between the clinicians-rated and self-rated interviews and explores the impact of the context (referral pathways, settings, and assessment procedures) on the clinical significance of the APS...
July 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Yoshiaki Motobayashi, Josef Parnas, Yoshiaki Motobayashi, Bin Kimura, Dylan Luers Toda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2016: History of Psychiatry
Julie Nordgaard, Kasper Jessen, Ditte Sæbye, Josef Parnas
AIMS: To explore whether the diagnostic homogeneity in a daily, routine clinical activity changed visibly over two historical periods (the ICD-8 and the ICD-10 era) across and within five psychiatric in-patient clinics. METHODS: In this register study, we analyzed the discharge diagnoses from five university-affiliated departments of psychiatry in Denmark in two time periods: 1980-1985 (ICD-8) and 2001-2010 (ICD-10). RESULTS: The synchronic inter-departmental diagnostic differences did not decrease in the ICD-10 era compared with ICD-8 era...
September 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Josef Parnas, Mads Gram Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
Josef Parnas, Mads Gram Henriksen
Mysticism and schizophrenia are different categories of human existence and experience. Nonetheless, they exhibit important phenomenological affinities, which, however, remain largely unaddressed. In this study, we explore structural analogies between key features of mysticism and major clinical-phenomenological aspects of the schizophrenia spectrum disorders-i.e. attitudes, the nature of experience, and the 'other', mystical or psychotic reality. Not only do these features gravitate around the issue of the basic dimensions of consciousness, they crucially seem to implicate and presuppose a specific alteration of the very structure of consciousness...
July 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
Danny Koren, Liza Lacoua, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Josef Parnas
BACKGROUND AND GOAL: Recent findings have provided preliminary support for the notion that basic self-disturbances (SD) are related to prodromal symptoms among nonpsychotic help-seeking adolescents. As a sizable proportion of adolescents who are at risk do not seek help, this study attempts to assess the extent to which these findings can be generalized to the entire population of adolescents who are at risk for psychosis. METHOD: The concurrent relationship between SD and prodromal symptoms was explored in a sample of 100 non-help-seeking adolescents (age 13-15) from the community...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Elizabeth Barry
This article will explore the representation of certain mental and somatic phenomena in Beckett's trilogy of novels Molloy, Malone Dies and The Unnamable, exploring how his understanding of schizophrenia and psychosis informs his representation of the relationship between mind and body. It will also examine recent phenomenological and philosophical accounts of schizophrenia (Louis Sass, Josef Parnas, Shaun Gallagher) that see the condition as a disorder of selfhood and concentrate in it on the disruption to ipseity, a fundamental and pre-reflective awareness of self that leads to a loss of 'grip' (in the term of Merleau-Ponty) on concepts and percepts...
June 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
Lisa Maria Dersch, Veronique Beckers, Detlev Rasch, Guido Melzer, Christoph Bolten, Katina Kiep, Horst Becker, Oliver Ernst Bläsing, Regine Fuchs, Thomas Ehrhardt, Christoph Wittmann
Here, we demonstrate whole-plant metabolic profiling by stable isotope labeling and combustion isotope-ratio mass spectrometry for precise quantification of assimilation, translocation, and molecular reallocation of (13)CO2 and (15)NH4NO3 The technology was applied to rice (Oryza sativa) plants at different growth stages. For adult plants, (13)CO2 labeling revealed enhanced carbon assimilation of the flag leaf from flowering to late grain-filling stage, linked to efficient translocation into the panicle. Simultaneous (13)CO2 and (15)NH4NO3 labeling with hydroponically grown seedlings was used to quantify the relative distribution of carbon and nitrogen...
May 2016: Plant Physiology
Josef Parnas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
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