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Percutaneous tracheostomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893643/early-percutaneous-dilational-tracheostomy-does-not-lead-to-an-increased-risk-of-surgical-site-infection-following-anterior-spinal-surgery
#1
Chris Kaczmarek, Mirko Aach, Martin F Hoffmann, Emre Yilmaz, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A Schildhauer, Uwe Hamsen
BACKGROUND: Most patients suffering cervical spinal cord injuries require tracheostomy. The optimal timing is still a matter of debate. Previous studies showed that patients receiving early tracheostomy had fewer ventilator days, decreased rates of pneumonia, and were mobilized earlier. Due to the proximity of the anterior approach to the tracheostoma, there is concern about an increased risk of surgical site infection related to tracheostomy. METHODS: Retrospective analysis at a Level 1 trauma center of patient records from 2008-2014, identifying all patients with spinal cord injury who received anterior cervical spinal surgery and had early percutaneous dilational tracheostomy...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867132/learning-curve-for-real-time-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-tracheostomy
#2
Sandra Petiot, Pierre-Grégoire Guinot, Momar Diouf, Elie Zogheib, Hervé Dupont
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to demonstrate and quantify the ultrasound-guided percutaneous tracheostomy (UPDT) learning curve in a single team since the first UPDT. STUDY DESIGN AND PATIENTS: This was a cohort of all consecutive patients undergoing UPDT in the Amiens teaching hospital surgical intensive care unit between 2010 and 2014. METHODS: The learning process was evaluated according to three aspects: duration of the various steps involved in UPDT, incidence of consecutive complications, and procedure difficulty...
November 17, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852959/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-bechterew-disease-is-feasible-and-not-associated-with-higher-complication-rates
#3
Uwe Hamsen, Oliver Kamp, Chris Kaczmarek, Mirko Aach, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A Schildhauer, Oliver Jansen
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common disease with an incidence of approximately 0.5% in Europe, causing severe limitations of axial spine mobility and cervical kyphosis. Deformities of the cervical spine and the temporomandibular joints could increase the risk of complications while performing an intubation or tracheostomy. The percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a standard procedure in intensive care medicine. However, the combination of cervical kyphosis and osteoporosis makes patient positioning challenging...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842753/the-changing-role-for-tracheostomy-in-patients-requiring-mechanical-ventilation
#4
REVIEW
Kamran Mahmood, Momen M Wahidi
Tracheostomy is performed in patients who require prolonged mechanical ventilation or have upper airway instability. Percutaneous tracheostomy with Ciaglia technique is commonly used and rivals the surgical approach. Percutaneous technique is associated with decreased risk of stomal inflammation, infection, and bleeding along with reduction in health resource utilization when performed at bedside. Bronchoscopy and ultrasound guidance improve the safety of percutaneous tracheostomy. Early tracheostomy decreases the need for sedation and intensive care unit stay but may be unnecessary in some patients who can be extubated later successfully...
December 2016: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833711/percutaneous-tracheostomy-and-percutaneous-angiography-the-diuturnity-of-sven-ivar-seldinger-of-mora-pasquale-ciaglia-of-utica
#5
Richard A Pollock
In the latter part of the 20th century, three developments intersected: skin-to-artery catheterization, percutaneous tracheostomy, and market introduction of video-chip camera-tipped endoscopes. By the millennium, every vessel within the body could be visualized radiographically, and percutaneous tracheostomy (with tracheal-ring "dilation," flawless high-resolution intratracheal video-imagery, and tracheal intubation) could consistently be achieved at the patient's bedside. Initiated through the skin and abetted by guide-wire insertion, these procedures are the lasting gifts of Sven-Ivar Seldinger (1921-1998) of Mora, Sweden, and Pasquale Ciaglia (1912-2000) of Utica, New York...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832895/a-man-in-his-60s-with-sudden-decompensation-after-percutaneous%C3%A2-tracheostomy
#6
Margarita Oks, Paul Mayo, Seth Koenig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756050/predicting-the-need-for-nonstandard-tracheostomy-tubes-in-critically-ill-patients
#7
Vinciya Pandian, Christoph T Hutchinson, Adam J Schiavi, David J Feller-Kopman, Elliott R Haut, Nicole A Parsons, Jessica S Lin, Chad Gorbatkin, Priya G Angamuthu, Christina R Miller, Marek A Mirski, Nasir I Bhatti, Lonny B Yarmus
PURPOSE: Few guidelines exist regarding the selection of a particular type or size of tracheostomy tube. Although nonstandard tubes can be placed over the percutaneous kit dilator, clinicians often place standard tracheostomy tubes and change to nonstandard tubes only after problems arise. This practice risks early tracheostomy tube change, possible bleeding, or loss of the airway. We sought to identify predictors of nonstandard tracheostomy tubes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this matched case-control study at an urban, academic, tertiary care medical center, we reviewed 1220 records of patients who received a tracheostomy...
June 4, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748723/seizures-and-epileptiform-discharges-in-patients-with-acute-subdural-hematoma
#8
Sebastian Pollandt, Bichun Ouyang, Thomas P Bleck, Katharina M Busl
PURPOSE: Subdural hematomas (SDH) are associated with seizures and epileptiform discharges, but little is known about the prevalence and impact of seizures, status epilepticus and epileptiform discharges on outcomes in patients with isolated acute SDH (aSDH). METHODS: Continuous EEG reports from 76 adult patients admitted to Rush University Medical Center with aSDH between 01/2009 and 03/2012 were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic findings, comorbidities, treatment, and outcome parameters mortality, discharge destination, need for tracheostomy/percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) placement and length of stay (LOS) were assessed...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708779/prospective-study-of-percutaneous-tracheostomy-role-of-bronchoscopy-and-surgical-technique
#9
Tanel Laisaar, Eero Jakobson, Bruno Sarana, Silver Sarapuu, Jüri Vahtramäe, Mait Raag
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous tracheostomy is a common procedure but varies considerably in approach. The aim of our study was to evaluate the need for intraoperative bronchoscopy and to compare various surgical techniques. METHODS: During 1 year all percutaneous tracheostomies in three intensive care units were prospectively documented according to a unified protocol. In one unit, bronchoscopy was used routinely and in others only during the study. RESULTS: A total of 111 subjects (77 males) with median age 64 (range, 18-86) years and body mass index 25...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661554/-a-review-on-thoracic-ultrasound
#10
Sebastián Fernández-Bussy, Gonzalo Labarca, Mario Lanza, Erik Folch, Adnan Majid
The use of thoracic ultrasound as a diagnostic tool in the emergency department, intensive care unit or in patients with pulmonary diseases is increasing steadily. It is used to guide percutaneous tracheostomies, to assess pleural effusions, to rule out pneumothorax, and to guide the placement of endovascular and pleural catheters. It is also useful in the assessment of patients with dyspnea. The aim of this review is to provide the practical and technical basics for the use of this diagnostic tool among internists and specialists in pulmonary diseases...
July 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566841/translaryngeal-percutaneous-arytenoid-lateralization-technique-in-a-canine-cadaveric-study
#11
Robert J Hardie
OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique for translaryngeal percutaneous arytenoid lateralization (TPAL) and the effect on rima glottidis cross-sectional area using a canine cadaveric model. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. ANIMALS: Canine cadavers (n = 9). MATERIALS AND METHODS: With the aid of a laryngoscope, the larynx was visualized and a mattress suture (double-armed 2-0 polypropylene) was placed through the right arytenoid cartilage and exited the skin ventral to the jugular vein...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560790/abstract-or003-radiologically-guided-percutaneous-tracheostomy-a-novel-technique
#12
C Sathananthan, M Cole, M Chapman, J Down, J Brookes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556147/percutaneous-dilatation-tracheostomy-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-device-and-established-phenprocoumon-therapy
#13
Andreas Schaefer, Yvonne Schneeberger, Daniel Reichart, Alexander M Bernhardt, Mathias Kubik, Markus J Barten, Florian M Wagner, Stefan Kluge, Hermann Reichenspurner, Sebastian A Philipp
Over the last decade the number of heart transplantations declined and the number of implanted left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) markedly increased. Accordingly, common intensive care interventions rise and present their own challenges, especially due to the necessary anticoagulation regimen. One of these procedures is percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy (PDT). We herein report our experience with 34 patients with LVAD and established phrenprocoumon therapy (INR 2.1 ± 0.9, PTT 68.9 ± 19.0 sec...
August 22, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529028/role-of-upper-airway-ultrasound-in-airway-management
#14
REVIEW
Adi Osman, Kok Meng Sum
Upper airway ultrasound is a valuable, non-invasive, simple, and portable point of care ultrasound (POCUS) for evaluation of airway management even in anatomy distorted by pathology or trauma. Ultrasound enables us to identify important sonoanatomy of the upper airway such as thyroid cartilage, epiglottis, cricoid cartilage, cricothyroid membrane, tracheal cartilages, and esophagus. Understanding this applied sonoanatomy facilitates clinician to use ultrasound in assessment of airway anatomy for difficult intubation, ETT and LMA placement and depth, assessment of airway size, ultrasound-guided invasive procedures such as percutaneous needle cricothyroidotomy and tracheostomy, prediction of postextubation stridor and left double-lumen bronchial tube size, and detecting upper airway pathologies...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496114/predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-metastatic-cancer-receiving-specific-critical-care-therapies
#15
Kah Poh Loh, Ankit Kansagra, Meng-Shiou Shieh, Penelope Pekow, Peter Lindenauer, Mihaela Stefan, Tara Lagu
BACKGROUND: In-hospital mortality is high for critically ill patients with metastatic cancer. To help patients, families, and clinicians make an informed decision about invasive medical treatments, we examined predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients with metastatic cancer who received critical care therapies (CCTs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the 2010 California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project: State Inpatient Databases to identify admissions of patients with metastatic cancer (age ≥18 years) who received CCTs, including invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), tracheostomy, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube, acute use of dialysis, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN)...
August 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437615/percutaneous-techniques-versus-surgical-techniques-for-tracheostomy
#16
REVIEW
Patrick Brass, Martin Hellmich, Angelika Ladra, Jürgen Ladra, Anna Wrzosek
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy formation is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in critically ill intensive care participants requiring long-term mechanical ventilation. Both surgical tracheostomies (STs) and percutaneous tracheostomies (PTs) are used in current surgical practice; but until now, the optimal method of performing tracheostomies in critically ill participants remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous techniques compared to surgical techniques commonly used for elective tracheostomy in critically ill participants (adults and children) to assess whether there was a difference in complication rates between the procedures...
July 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401983/fatal-air-embolism-as-complication-of-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-on-venovenous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-two-case-reports
#17
Achim Lother, Tobias Wengenmayer, Christoph Benk, Christoph Bode, Dawid L Staudacher
BACKGROUND: Tracheostomy is recommended in case of prolonged mechanical ventilation. Therefore, most patients with an indication for venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) will also have an indication for tracheostomy. CASE PRESENTATION: We report 2 cases of fatal air embolism into the ECMO system as complication of percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy. Both patients had an AVALON ELITE® bi-caval cannula implanted draining blood from the vena cava superior and inferior...
2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390469/keep-an-eye-on-murphy-s-eye-during-percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy
#18
Prakash K Dubey, Om P Sanjeev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390468/procedural-improvisation-to-prevent-guidewire-kinking-in-griggs-percutaneous-tracheostomy-without-bronchoscopic-guidance
#19
Saroj Kumar Pattnaik, Banambar Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297040/percutaneous-tracheostomy-by-griggs-technique-under-rigid-bronchoscopic-guidance-is-safe-and-feasible-in-children
#20
Gulnur Gollu, Ufuk Ates, Ozlem S Can, Tanil Kendirli, Aydin Yagmurlu, Murat Cakmak, Tanju Aktug, Hüseyin Dindar, Meltem Bingol-Kologlu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report prospective data of pediatric cases that underwent percutaneous tracheostomy (PT) to show that PT is a safe and feasible procedure in children even in small infants. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PT was done in 51 consecutive patients. Demographic data, indications, complications and outcome were recorded prospectively. Initial 6 PT was done by Giaglia technique whereas the Griggs technique was used in the consecutive 45 patients...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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