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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889402/social-freezing-in-medical-practice-experiences-and-attitudes-of-gynecologists-in-germany
#1
Maximilian Schochow, Giovanni Rubeis, Grit Büchner-Mögling, Hansjakob Fries, Florian Steger
Surveys of the German public have revealed a high acceptance of social freezing, i.e. oocyte conservation without medical indication. Up to now, there are no investigations available on the experiences and attitudes of health professionals towards social freezing. Between August 2015 and January 2016, we surveyed gynecologists Germany-wide on the topic social freezing. Five gynecologists specialized in reproductive medicine and five office-based gynecologists in standard care were chosen for the survey. The survey was conducted with an explorative, qualitative research design...
September 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886977/an-optimization-model-for-collection-haul-transfer-treatment-and-disposal-of-infectious-medical-waste-application-to-a-greek-region
#2
Gerasimos Mantzaras, Evangelos A Voudrias
The objective of this work was to develop an optimization model to minimize the cost of a collection, haul, transfer, treatment and disposal system for infectious medical waste (IMW). The model calculates the optimum locations of the treatment facilities and transfer stations, their design capacities (t/d), the number and capacities of all waste collection, transport and transfer vehicles and their optimum transport path and the minimum IMW management system cost. Waste production nodes (hospitals, healthcare centers, peripheral health offices, private clinics and physicians in private practice) and their IMW production rates were specified and used as model inputs...
September 5, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883196/from-a-content-delivery-portal-to-a-knowledge-management-system-for-standardized-cancer-documentation
#3
Danijela Schlue, Sebastian Mate, Jörg Haier, Dennis Kadioglu, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Bernhard Breil
Heterogeneous tumor documentation and its challenges of interpretation of medical terms lead to problems in analyses of data from clinical and epidemiological cancer registries. The objective of this project was to design, implement and improve a national content delivery portal for oncological terms. Data elements of existing handbooks and documentation sources were analyzed, combined and summarized by medical experts of different comprehensive cancer centers. Informatics experts created a generic data model based on an existing metadata repository...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882524/activities-performed-and-treatments-conducted-prior-to-consultation-with-a-spine-surgeon-are-patients-and-clinicians-following-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines
#4
Elliot I Layne, Darren M Roffey, Matthew J Coyle, Philippe Phan, Stephen P Kingwell, Eugene K Wai
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are designed to ensure that evidence-based treatment is easily put into action. Whether patients and clinicians follow these guidelines is equivocal. PURPOSE: To examine how many patients complaining of low back pain (LBP) underwent evidence-based non-operative treatment in line with CPG recommendations prior to consultation with a spine surgeon, and to evaluate any associations between adherence to CPG recommendations and baseline factors...
September 4, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864691/efficacy-and-safety-of-renal-denervation-for-chinese-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-using-a-microirrigated-catheter-study-design-and-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Zongjun Liu, Li Shen, Weijian Huang, Xianxian Zhao, Weiyi Fang, Changqian Wang, Zhaofang Yin, Jianan Wang, Guosheng Fu, Xuebo Liu, Jianjun Jiang, Zhihui Zhang, Jingbo Li, Yingmin Lu, Junbo Ge
INTRODUCTION: Available data show that approximately 8%-18% of patients with primary hypertension will develop resistant hypertension. In recent years, catheter-based renal denervation (RDN) has emerged as a potential treatment option for resistant hypertension. A number of observational studies and randomised controlled trials among non-Chinese patients have demonstrated its potential safety and efficacy. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multicentre, randomised, open-label, parallel-group, active controlled trial that will investigate the efficacy and safety of a 5F saline-irrigated radiofrequency ablation (RFA) used for RDN in the treatment of Chinese patients with resistant hypertension...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862464/use-of-cbct-imaging-open-source-modeling-software-and-desktop-stereolithography-3d-printing-to-duplicate-a-removable-dental-prosthesis-a-proof-of-concept
#6
Wei-Shao Lin, Bryan T Harris, Dean Morton
This article describes an alternative computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technique that uses cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging, open-source 3-dimensional (3D) modeling software, and a desktop stereolithography (SLA) 3D printer to duplicate an existing complete removable dental prosthesis (CRDP). Intended to offer a proof of concept, this proposed technique provides dental clinicians who have access to a CBCT imaging unit and a desktop SLA 3D printer an option to manufacture a duplicated prosthesis in-office...
September 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830528/non-physician-clinicians-in-rural-africa-lessons-from-the-medical-licentiate-programme-in-zambia
#7
Jakub Gajewski, Carol Mweemba, Mweene Cheelo, Tracey McCauley, John Kachimba, Eric Borgstein, Leon Bijlmakers, Ruairi Brugha
BACKGROUND: Most sub-Saharan African countries struggle to make safe surgery accessible to rural populations due to a shortage of qualified surgeons and the unlikelihood of retaining them in district hospitals. In 2002, Zambia introduced a new cadre of non-physician clinicians (NPCs), medical licentiates (MLs), trained initially to the level of a higher diploma and from 2013 up to a BSc degree. MLs have advanced clinical skills, including training in elective and emergency surgery, designed as a sustainable response to the surgical needs of rural populations...
August 22, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812034/the-influence-of-medical-insurance-on-patient-access-to-orthopaedic-surgery-sports-medicine-appointments-under-the-affordable-care-act
#8
Daniel H Wiznia, Emmanuel Nwachuku, Alexander Roth, Chang-Yeon Kim, Ameya Save, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Michael Medvecky, Richard Pelker
BACKGROUND: The goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was to expand patient access to health care. Since the rollout of the PPACA, Medicaid patients have demonstrated difficulty obtaining appointments in some specialty care settings. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid and private) on patient access to orthopaedic surgery sports medicine specialists for a semiurgent evaluation of a likely operative bucket-handle meniscus tear...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794898/a-multicenter-cohort-study-of-primary-hypertension-in-korea-study-design-and-interim-analysis-of-the-korean-registry-of-target-organ-damage-in-hypertension-korhr
#9
Suk-Won Choi, Seong Woo Han, Jong Sun Ok, Byung-Su Yoo, Mi-Seung Shin, Sung Ha Park, Kyu-Hyung Ryu
BACKGROUND: The Korean Registry of Target Organ Damage in Hypertension aims to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prevalence of subclinical target organ damage in Korean hypertensive patients. METHOD: This is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study in which 23 university hospitals participated. Since May 2013, we have enrolled 1,318 consecutive hypertensive patients without known cardiovascular disease who met the following inclusion criteria: 1) age older than 30 years and 2) the first visit to the participating hospitals was within the last 5 years...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#10
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761069/evidence-for-treatment-by-biomarker-interaction-for-fda-approved-oncology-drugs-with-required-pharmacogenomic-biomarker-testing
#11
Alexandre Vivot, Isabelle Boutron, Geoffroy Béraud-Chaulet, Jean-David Zeitoun, Philippe Ravaud, Raphaël Porcher
For oncology drugs that were approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and required pharmacogenomic biomarker testing, we describe 1) the use of enrichment (biomarker-positive patients) and a randomized controlled design by pre-approval trials and 2) the treatment-by-biomarker interaction. From the 137 drugs included in the FDA table, we selected the 22 oncology drugs with required genetic testing in their labels. These drugs corresponded to 35 approvals supported by 80 clinical studies included in the FDA medical officer reviews of efficacy...
July 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751302/smartphone-based-endoscope-system-for-advanced-point-of-care-diagnostics-feasibility-study
#12
Jung Kweon Bae, Andrey Vavilin, Joon S You, Hyeongeun Kim, Seon Young Ryu, Jeong Hun Jang, Woonggyu Jung
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic technique is often applied for the diagnosis of diseases affecting internal organs and image-guidance of surgical procedures. Although the endoscope has become an indispensable tool in the clinic, its utility has been limited to medical offices or operating rooms because of the large size of its ancillary devices. In addition, the basic design and imaging capability of the system have remained relatively unchanged for decades. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop a smartphone-based endoscope system capable of advanced endoscopic functionalities in a compact size and at an affordable cost and to demonstrate its feasibility of point-of-care through human subject imaging...
July 27, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716785/imbuing-medical-professionalism-in-relation-to-safety-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-intervention-focused-on-trialling-an-embedded-learning-approach-that-centres-on-the-use-of-a-custom-designed-board-game
#13
Marie Ward, Eilish McAuliffe, Éidín Ní Shé, Ann Duffy, Una Geary, Una Cunningham, Catherine Holland, Nick McDonald, Karen Egan, Christian Korpos
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare organisations have a responsibility for ensuring that the governance of workplace settings creates a culture that supports good professional practice. Encouraging such a culture needs to start from an understanding of the factors that make it difficult for health professionals to raise issues of concern in relation to patient safety. The focus of this study is to determine whether a customised education intervention, developed as part of the study, with interns and senior house officers (SHOs) can imbue a culture of medical professionalism in relation to patient safety and support junior doctors to raise issues of concern, while shaping a culture of responsiveness and learning...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696804/healthcare-utilization-by-children-with-asthma-displaced-by-hurricane-katrina
#14
Troy Quast
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of TexKat, the largest Hurricane Katrina Medicaid Emergency Waiver, in providing care to asthmatic children. METHODS: Medicaid enrollment and encounter data for 2004 and 2006 from Louisiana and Texas were analyzed in a pre-post comparison. Changes in utilization by children in the waiver were compared to changes in utilization by children in Medicaid in three control groups: children in Louisiana counties that were designated as a disaster assistance area but who were not displaced; children in Louisiana counties that were not designated as a disaster assistance area, and children in Texas...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667224/improving-patient-safety-through-better-teamwork-how-effective-are-different-methods-of-simulation-debriefing-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-prospective-and-randomised-study
#15
Julia Freytag, Fabian Stroben, Wolf E Hautz, Dorothea Eisenmann, Juliane E Kämmer
INTRODUCTION: Medical errors have an incidence of 9% and may lead to worse patient outcome. Teamwork training has the capacity to significantly reduce medical errors and therefore improve patient outcome. One common framework for teamwork training is crisis resource management, adapted from aviation and usually trained in simulation settings. Debriefing after simulation is thought to be crucial to learning teamwork-related concepts and behaviours but it remains unclear how best to debrief these aspects...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636442/the-national-ebola-training-and-education-center-preparing-the-united-states-for-ebola-and-other-special-pathogens
#16
Christopher J Kratochvil, Laura Evans, Bruce S Ribner, John J Lowe, Melissa Cole Harvey, Richard C Hunt, Abbigail J Tumpey, Ryan P Fagan, Michelle M Schwedhelm, Sonia Bell, John Maher, Colleen S Kraft, Nicholas V Cagliuso, Sharon Vanairsdale, Angela Vasa, Philip W Smith
The National Ebola Training and Education Center (NETEC) was established in 2015 in response to the 2014-2016 Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa. The US Department of Health and Human Services office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sought to increase the competency of healthcare and public health workers, as well as the capability of healthcare facilities in the United States, to deliver safe, efficient, and effective care to patients infected with Ebola and other special pathogens nationwide...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623995/rationale-design-and-methodology-of-the-observational-insights-svt-study-on-the-current-state-of-care-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-superficial-vein-thrombosis
#17
Rupert Bauersachs, Horst Eberhard Gerlach, Andreas Heinken, Ulrich Hoffmann, Florian Langer, Thomas Noppeney, David Pittrow, Jens Klotsche, Eberhard Rabe
OBJECTIVE: Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a common disease in clinical practice. In terms of pathophysiology and outcomes, the condition is related to venous thromboembolism, bearing a potential for severe thromboembolic complications if it is not treated adequately. A wide range of treatment approaches (including oral and injectable anticoagulants, pain medication, nondrug therapy including compression therapy, and no treatment at all) are applied in clinical practice, but there is sparse information about selection of patients for therapies, current treatment pathways, and drug use as well as outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610942/evaluation-of-a-pharmacist-managed-electrolyte-protocol-in-outpatients-on-antiarrhythmic-medications
#18
Victor P Long Iii, Cynthia A Carnes, Jonathan Vecchiet, Mahmoud Houmsse, Andrea Hirsch, Melissa J Snider
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pharmacist-managed treatment protocol in achieving and maintaining serum potassium level ([K(+)]) in the desired range. SETTING: Antiarrhythmic Medications Clinic, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, from 2009 to 2013. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Patients are referred for antiarrhythmic monitoring at this pharmacist-run, electrophysiologist-supervised clinic. Each visit includes medication reconciliation for drug interaction identification, patient interview for potential adverse effects or arrhythmia symptoms, patient education, and drug therapy monitoring through ordering and review of objective testing...
June 10, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
August 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575775/socialization-characteristics-in-persons-with-epilepsy
#20
Lorna Myers, Marcelo Lancman, Olgica Laban-Grant, Martin Lancman, Jace Jones
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report was to describe social behaviors and preferences in adults with epilepsy, including self-reported use of various socialization media (face-to-face and indirect communication) as well as perceived social barriers. METHODS: 1320 consecutive persons with epilepsy (PWEs) confirmed through inpatient video-EEG monitoring were administered a questionnaire on the day of their first appointment. The questionnaire was designed to assess preferences in socialization practices, frequency of interpersonal contact, use of social media, and perceived barriers to socialization...
May 30, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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