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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781734/dairy-consumption-and-risk-of-testicular-cancer-a-systematic-review
#1
Virginia Signal, Stephanie Huang, Diana Sarfati, James Stanley, Katherine A McGlynn, Jason K Gurney
Dairy consumption has been studied extensively in terms of its relationship with testicular cancer (TC), yet this relationship remains unclear. In this systematic review, we aimed to answer whether TC development is associated with (a) high amounts of dairy product consumption, (b) the type of dairy product consumed, (c) increasing levels of dairy product consumption, and (d) dairy consumption during certain periods during the lifecourse. Following a systematic review of the literature, eight studies (all case-control studies) were included in our review...
May 21, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778512/dairy-intake-and-acne-development-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#2
Mohadeseh Aghasi, Mahdieh Golzarand, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Azadeh Aminianfar, Mahsa Omidian, Fatemeh Taheri
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In the past, some observational studies have been carried out on the relationship between milk and dairy intake and risk of acne occurrence; however, their results were conflicting. This study is a meta-analysis and dose-response analysis designed to evaluate the relationship between milk and dairy products and acne development. MATERIALS & METHODS: Data of the study were searched and collected from Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase databases...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778477/the-effects-of-microfluidization-on-the-physical-microbial-chemical-and-coagulation-properties-of-milk
#3
A J Bucci, D L Van Hekken, M H Tunick, J A Renye, P M Tomasula
This work examines the use of mild heat treatments in conjunction with 2-pass microfluidization to generate cheese milk for potential use in soft cheeses, such as Queso Fresco. Raw, thermized, and high temperature, short time pasteurized milk samples, standardized to the 3% (wt/wt) fat content used in cheesemaking, were processed at 4 inlet temperature and pressure conditions: 42°C/75 MPa, 42°C/125 MPa, 54°C/125 MPa, and 54°C/170 MPa. Processing-induced changes in the physical, chemical, and microbial properties resulting from the intense pressure, shear, and cavitation that milk experiences as it is microfluidized were compared with nonmicrofluidized controls...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774843/listeriosis-outbreaks-associated-with-soft-cheeses-united-states-1998-2014-1
#4
Kelly A Jackson, L Hannah Gould, Jennifer C Hunter, Zuzana Kucerova, Brendan Jackson
Since 2006, the number of reported US listeriosis outbreaks associated with cheese made under unsanitary conditions has increased. Two-thirds were linked to Latin-style soft cheese, often affecting pregnant Hispanic women and their newborns. Adherence to pasteurization protocols and sanitation measures to avoid contamination after pasteurization can reduce future outbreaks.
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774204/non-canonical-activities-of-hog1-control-sensitivity-of-candida-albicans-to-killer-toxins-from-debaryomyces-hansenii
#5
Ana Morales-Menchén, Federico Navarro-García, José P Guirao-Abad, Elvira Román, Daniel Prieto, Ioana V Coman, Jesús Pla, Rebeca Alonso-Monge
Certain yeasts secrete peptides known as killer toxins or mycocins with a deleterious effect on sensitive yeasts or filamentous fungi, a common phenomenon in environmental species. In a recent work, different Debaryomyces hansenii ( Dh ) strains isolated from a wide variety of cheeses were identified as producing killer toxins active against Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis . We have analyzed the killer activity of these toxins in C. albicans mutants defective in MAPK signaling pathways and found that the lack of the MAPK Hog1 (but not Cek1 or Mkc1) renders cells hypersensitive to Dh mycocins while mutants lacking other upstream elements of the pathway behave as the wild type strain...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773348/validation-of-standard-method-en-iso-11290-part-2-for-the-enumeration-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-food
#6
Patricia Rollier, Bertrand Lombard, Laurent Guillier, Danièle François, Karol Romero, Sylvie Pierru, Laurence Bouhier, Nathalie Gnanou Besse
The reference method for the detection and enumeration of L. monocytogenes in food (Standards EN ISO 11290-1&2) have been validated by inter-laboratory studies in the frame of the Mandate M381 from European Commission to CEN. In this paper, the inter-laboratory studies led in 2013 on 5 matrices (cold-smoked salmon, milk powdered infant food formula, vegetables, environment, and cheese) to validate Standard EN ISO 11290-2 are reported. According to the results obtained, the method of the revised Standard EN ISO 11290-2 can be considered as a good method for the enumeration of L...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#7
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765581/the-antimicrobial-activity-of-probiotic-bacteria-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-natural-sources-against-hemorrhagic-e-coli-o157-h7
#8
Sahar Karimi, Fatemeh Azizi, Mohammad Nayeb-Aghaee, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Diarrheal diseases have been seen in all geographical areas throughout the world. Therefore, considering treatment, could be deemed a necessary action. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of probiotic bacterial strains isolated from different natural sources against 2 pathotypes of pathogenic E. coli. Methods: This cross-sectional study of Martyr Chamran University of Ahvaz was carried out from December 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765579/antagonistic-effect-of-isolated-probiotic-bacteria-from-natural-sources-against-intestinal-escherichia-coli-pathotypes
#9
Sahar Karimi, Ehsan Rashidian, Mehdi Birjandi, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Probiotics are live microorganisms which are beneficial bacteria that are normal flora of the digestive system which, in determined amounts, show beneficial effects on host health, and can balance gastrointestinal microflora. Digestive tract diseases such as diarrhea are one of the major causes of child mortality in developing countries. Different pathotypes of Escherichia coli cause diarrhea that affects children, therefore reduction of these colonization strains in humans or animals can decline gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761716/from-cheese-curls-to-fatty-acid-structure-using-commonplace-analogies-to-teach-science-to-nonmajors
#10
Kathleen Petri Seiler, Jane Huggins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759108/a-western-dietary-pattern-is-prospectively-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Peter Wallström, Marju Orho-Melander
The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns associated with cardio-metabolic traits and to examine whether these predict prospective changes in these traits and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (iMetS). Subjects from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort without cardio-metabolic disease and related drug treatments at baseline (n 4071; aged 45-67 years, 40 % men) were included. We applied reduced rank regression on thirty-eight foods to derive patterns that explain variation in response variables measured at baseline (waist circumference, TAG, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757009/molecular-and-phenotypic-analysis-of-hemolytic-aeromonas-strains-isolated-from-food-in-egypt-revealed-clinically-important-multidrug-resistance-and-virulence-profiles
#12
Ahmed M Hammad, Alaa-Eldin H Moustafa, Maha M Mansour, Bashier M Fahmy, Mohamed G Hamada, Toshi Shimamoto, Tadashi Shimamoto
The aim of this study was to determine the public health significance of hemolytic Aeromonas species isolated from 213 food samples in Egypt, based on their virulence and antimicrobial-resistance potential. We recovered 63 strains, isolated from fish, raw milk, karish cheeses, and ras cheese in 29 (31.18%) of 93, 10 (25.00%) of 40, 13 (32.50%) of 40, and 11 (27.50%) of 40 samples, respectively. The most prevalent virulence gene was alt (50.79%), followed by aerA (34.92%), asa1 (39.68%), ahh1 (20.63%), act (11...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753477/using-pacbio-sequencing-to-investigate-the-bacterial-microbiota-of-traditional-buryatian-cottage-cheese-and-comparison-with-italian-and-kazakhstan-artisanal-cheeses
#13
Hao Jin, Lanxin Mo, Lin Pan, Qaingchaun Hou, Chuanjuan Li, Iaptueva Darima, Jie Yu
Traditional fermented dairy foods including cottage cheese have been major components of the Buryatia diet for centuries. Buryatian cheeses have maintained not only their unique taste and flavor but also their rich natural lactic acid bacteria (LAB) content. However, relatively few studies have described their microbial communities or explored their potential to serve as LAB resources. In this study, the bacterial microbiota community of 7 traditional artisan cheeses produced by local Buryatian families was investigated using single-molecule, real-time sequencing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753473/dietary-linseed-supplementation-affects-the-fatty-acid-composition-of-the-sn-2-position-of-triglycerides-in-sheep-milk
#14
A Serra, G Conte, F Ciucci, E Bulleri, L Corrales-Retana, A Cappucci, A Buccioni, M Mele
In the human intestine, lipids are absorbed as sn-2 monoglycerides (sn-2, also named β-position), produced mainly by pancreatic lipases, which hydrolysate the triglyceride molecule in positions 1 and 3 (sn-1,3, α-position). The fatty acids esterified in sn-2 are thus preferentially absorbed, which means that the bioavailability of a single fatty acid is affected by its position on the triglyceride. This experiment is carried out with the milk used to make cheese applied in a study with 42 human volunteers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753472/investigating-the-properties-of-high-pressure-treated-reduced-sodium-low-moisture-part-skim-mozzarella-cheese-during-refrigerated-storage
#15
M Ozturk, S Govindasamy-Lucey, J J Jaeggi, M E Johnson, J A Lucey
We proposed that the performance and sensory properties of reduced-Na, low-moisture, part-skim (LMPS) Mozzarella cheese could be extended by the application of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) to cheese postmanufacture and thereby decrease microbial and enzymatic activity. Fermentation-produced camel chymosin was also used as a coagulant to help reduce proteolysis during storage. Average composition of the LMPS Mozzarella cheeses was 48.6 ± 0.6% moisture, 22.5 ± 0.4% fat, 24.5 ± 0.6% protein, and 1.0 ± 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753471/effects-of-processing-conditions-on-the-texture-and-rheological-properties-of-model-acid-gels-and-cream-cheese
#16
M Brighenti, S Govindasamy-Lucey, J J Jaeggi, M E Johnson, J A Lucey
Manufacture of cream cheese involves the formation of an initial acid-induced gel made from high-fat milk, followed by a series of processing steps including shearing, heating, and dewatering that complete the conversion of the acid gel into a complex cheese product. We investigated 2 critical parameters for their effect on the initial gel: homogenization pressure (HP) of the high-fat cheese milk, and fermentation temperature (FT). The impact of a low (10 MPa) and high (25 MPa) HP, and low (20°C) and high (26°C) FT were investigated for their effects on rheological and textural properties of acid-induced gels...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753466/milk-yield-quality-and-coagulation-properties-of-6-breeds-of-goats-environmental-and-individual-variability
#17
Giuseppe M Vacca, Giorgia Stocco, Maria L Dettori, Emanuela Pira, Giovanni Bittante, Michele Pazzola
Goat milk and cheese production is continuously increasing and milk composition and coagulation properties (MCP) are useful tools to predict cheesemaking aptitude. The present study was planned to investigate the extension of lactodynamographic analysis up to 60 min in goat milk, to measure the farm and individual factors, and to investigate differences among 6 goat breeds. Daily milk yield (dMY) was recorded and milk samples collected from 1,272 goats reared in 35 farms. Goats were of 6 different breeds: Saanen and Camosciata delle Alpi for the Alpine type, and Murciano-Granadina, Maltese, Sarda, and Sarda Primitiva for the Mediterranean type...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751905/liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-analysis-of-n-3-aminopropyl-n-dodecylpropane-1-3-diamine-a-biocidal-disinfectant-in-dairy-products
#18
Kahina Slimani, Yvette Pirotais, Pierre Maris, Jean-Pierre Abjean, Dominique Hurtaud-Pessel
A novel and reliable method to quantify residual levels of N-(3-aminopropyl)-N-dodecylpropane-1,3-diamine in dairy products using ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and fully validated. Sample extraction was done with salting-out technique using acetonitrile and sodium chloride. For LC-MS/MS, the analyte was detected using positive electrospray ionization (ESI+) and two multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transitions were monitored. The method was validated in the 5-150 µg kg-1 range using total error approach...
October 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746697/adaptation-of-s-cerevisiae-to-fermented-food-environments-reveals-remarkable-genome-plasticity-and-the-footprints-of-domestication
#19
Jean-Luc Legras, Virginie Galeote, Frédéric Bigey, Carole Camarasa, Souhir Marsit, Thibault Nidelet, Isabelle Sanchez, Arnaud Couloux, Julie Guy, Ricardo Franco-Duarte, Marcet-Houben Marina, Toni Gabaldon, Dorit Schuller, José Paulo Sampaio, Sylvie Dequin
The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be found in the wild and is also frequently associated with human activities. Despite recent insights into the phylogeny of this species, much is still unknown about how evolutionary processes related to anthropogenic niches have shaped the genomes and phenotypes of S. cerevisiae. To address this question, we performed population-level sequencing of 82 S. cerevisiae strains from wine, flor, rum, dairy products, bakeries and the natural environment (oak trees). These genomic data enabled us to delineate specific genetic groups corresponding to the different ecological niches and revealed high genome content variation across the groups...
May 8, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738927/the-impact-of-shelf-life-on-exposure-as-revealed-from-quality-control-data-associated-with-the-quargel-outbreak
#20
Martin Wagner, Panos Skandamis, Franz Allerberger, Dagmar Schoder, Caroline Lassnig, Mathias Müller, Kathrin Rychli
A cluster of 34 human cases of listeriosis was traced to consumption of contaminated quargel cheese, a sour milk specialty sold in Austria, Germany and Czech Republic. Here, we try to assess how many portions were consumed by the Austrian population at a certain contamination level (CL). In total, 1623 cheese lots were produced during the outbreak period resulting in >3 million portions of cheese delivered to the market. From 650 sets of quality control data provided by the food business operator, we reconstructed the contamination scenario over time and identified 84 lots that were found to be positive...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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