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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331168/dietary-patterns-and-their-associations-with-home-food-availability-among-finnish-pre-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Henna Vepsäläinen, Liisa Korkalo, Vera Mikkilä, Reetta Lehto, Carola Ray, Kaija Nissinen, Essi Skaffari, Mikael Fogelholm, Leena Koivusilta, Eva Roos, Maijaliisa Erkkola
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316448/development-of-novel-quinoa-based-yoghurt-fermented-with-dextran-producer-weissella-cibaria-mg1
#2
Emanuele Zannini, Stephanie Jeske, Kiran Lynch, Elke K Arendt
The aim of this study was to develop a novel beverage fermented with Weissella cibaria MG1 based on aqueous extracts of wholemeal quinoa flour. The protein digestibility of quinoa based-milk was improved by applying complex proteolytic enzymes able to increase protein solubility by 54.58%. The growth and fermentation characteristics of Weissella cibaria MG1, including EPS production at the end of fermentation, were investigated. Fermented wholemeal quinoa milk using MG1 showed high viable cell counts (>109cfu/ml), a pH of 5...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299734/modelling-of-adequate-and-safe-vitamin-d-intake-in-danish-women-using-different-fortification-and-supplementation-scenarios-to-inform-fortification-policies
#3
Ida M Grønborg, Inge Tetens, Majken Ege, Tue Christensen, Elisabeth Wreford Andersen, Rikke Andersen
PURPOSE: Fortification of foods with vitamin D may be a population-based solution to low vitamin D intake. We performed modelling of vitamin D from diet, fortified foods and supplements in a population of Danish women 18-50 years, a risk group of vitamin D deficiency, to inform fortification policies on safe and adequate levels. METHODS: Based on individual habitual dietary vitamin D intake of female participants from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity (DANSDA) (n = 855), we performed graded intake modelling to predict the intake in six scenarios increasing the vitamin D intake from a habitual diet without fish to habitual diet including fish, fortified foods and supplements (40/80 µg)...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258543/the-impact-of-interpretive-and-reductive-front-of-pack-labels-on-food-choice-and-willingness-to-pay
#4
Zenobia Talati, Richard Norman, Simone Pettigrew, Bruce Neal, Bridget Kelly, Helen Dixon, Kylie Ball, Caroline Miller, Trevor Shilton
BACKGROUND: This study examined how front-of-pack labels and product healthfulness affect choice and willingness to pay across a range of foods. It was hypothesized that: (i) product choice and (ii) willingness to pay would be more aligned with product healthfulness when healthfulness was expressed through the Health Star Rating, followed by the Multiple Traffic Light, then the Daily Intake Guide, and (iii) the Nutrition Facts Panel would be viewed infrequently. METHODS: Adults and children aged 10+ years (n = 2069) completed an online discrete choice task involving mock food packages...
December 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207491/dietary-intake-of-high-protein-foods-and-other-major-foods-in-meat-eaters-poultry-eaters-fish-eaters-vegetarians-and-vegans-in-uk-biobank
#5
Kathryn E Bradbury, Tammy Y N Tong, Timothy J Key
Vegetarian diets are defined by the absence of meat and fish, but differences in the intake of other foods between meat-eaters and low or non-meat eaters are also important to document. We examined intakes of high-protein foods (meat, poultry, fish, legumes, nuts, vegetarian protein alternatives, dairy products, and eggs) and other major food groups (fruit, vegetables, bread, pasta, rice, snack foods, and beverages) in regular meat-eaters, low meat-eaters, poultry-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans of white ethnicity participating in UK Biobank who had completed at least one web-based 24-h dietary assessment (n = 199,944)...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197739/a-meta-analysis-of-the-use-of-probiotics-to-alleviate-depressive-symptoms
#6
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Christina Peters, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Some preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the positive impact of probiotic supplementation on depressive symptoms. This paper aims to provide an updated meta-analysis on the topic. METHODS: Using the keywords [probiotics OR gut OR microflora OR microbiome OR bacteria OR yeast OR yoghurt OR lactobacillus OR bifidobacterium] AND [mood OR depression OR MDD OR suicide], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group (CCDANTR) and Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine database yielded 917 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1960 and 1-June-2017...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184374/molecular-characterization-of-escherichia-coli-recovered-from-traditional-milk-products-in-kashan-iran
#7
Farhad Sharafati Chaleshtori, Navid Mazroii Arani, Esmat Aghadavod, Afshin Naseri, Reza Sharafati Chaleshtori
Aim: Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) strains as emerging groups of foodborne pathogens are responsible for most foodborne illnesses. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern in STEC isolated from traditional milk products and their molecular characterization. Materials and Methods: A total of 116 samples were randomly purchased from local markets in Kashan, Iran, and evaluated for the occurrence of STEC by culturing and molecular methods...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184222/naturally-occurring-folates-in-selected-traditionally-prepared-foods-in-southern-india
#8
Shyamala Vishnumohan, Russell Pickford, Jayashree Arcot
A wide range of Indian foods (cereals, pulses, vegetables and milk based preparations) were analysed for five folate vitamers naturally present in the foods (n = 44). A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method using reversed phase chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry, coupled via positive mode electrospray ionization was used for the detection and quantification of the vitamers. The optimized LC-MS/MS method was capable of analysing the five most commonly-occurring folates (folic acid, 5-methyl tetrahydrofolic acid, tetrahydrofolic acid, 10-formyl folic acid and 5-formyl tetrahydrofolic acid) in 20 min...
December 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176008/viability-and-growth-promotion-of-starter-and-probiotic-bacteria-in-yogurt-supplemented-with-whey-protein-hydrolysate-during-refrigerated-storage
#9
Anna Dąbrowska, Konrad Babij, Marek Szołtysik, Józefa Chrzanowska
The effect of whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) addition on growth of standard yoghurt cultures and Bifidobacterium adolescentis during co-fermentation and its viability during storage at 4ºC in yoghurts has been evaluated. WPH was obtained with the use of serine protease from Y. lipolytica yeast. Stirred probiotic yoghurts were prepared by using whole milk standardized to 16% of dry matter with the addition of either whey protein concentrate, skim milk powder (SMP), WPH-SMP (ratio 1:1), WPH. The hydrolysate increased the yoghurt culture counts at the initial stage of fermentation and significantly inhibited the decrease in population viability throughout the storage at 4ºC in comparison to the control...
November 22, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170486/effects-of-lipid-emulsion-particle-size-on-satiety-and-energy-intake-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#10
Sally D Poppitt, Stephanie C Budgett, Alastair K MacGibbon, Siew-Young Quek, Sophie Kindleysides, Katy R Wiessing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Emulsified lipids, with central lipid core surrounded by polar lipid 'protective coat', have been proposed to stimulate the ileal brake, alter appetite, food intake and aid weight control. In addition to lipid composition, emulsion particle size may contribute to efficacy with small droplets providing a larger surface area for gastrointestinal (GI) lipase action and larger droplets prolonging and delaying digestion in the GI tract. Tube feeding studies delivering emulsions directly into the small intestine show clear effects of smaller particle size on appetite and food intake, but evidence from oral feeding studies is sparse...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164291/bacterial-diversity-in-traditional-doogh-in-comparison-to-industrial-doogh
#11
Hamid Reza Sayevand, Farzaneh Bakhtiary, Angelika Pointner, Marlene Remely, Berit Hippe, Hedayat Hosseini, Alexander Haslberger
Forty-four samples of traditional Doogh and yoghurt were collected from 13 regions of 4 provinces in west of Iran (13 area) and analyzed using molecular methods including PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rDNA, and sequencing. Moreover, collected samples as well as samples from industrially Doogh were analyzed with quantitative real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Analyzed 16S rRNA gene sequences of Doogh samples could be allocated to the presence of Lactobacillus spp. The typical yoghurt starter culture bacteria included four different Lactobacillus species with possible probiotic properties, L...
November 21, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146359/determination-of-tryptophan-derivatives-in-kynurenine-pathway-in-fermented-foods-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#12
Cemile Yılmaz, Vural Gökmen
This study aimed to develop an analytical method for the determination of tryptophan and its derivatives in kynurenine pathway using tandem mass spectrometry in various fermented food products (bread, beer, red wine, white cheese, yoghurt, kefir and cocoa powder). The method entails an aqueous extraction and reversed phase chromatographic separation using pentafluorophenyl (PFP) column. It allowed quantitation of low ppb levels of tryptophan and its derivatives in different fermented food matrices. It was found that beer samples were found to contain kynurenine within the range of 28...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136806/multivariate-analysis-of-organic-acids-in-fermented-food-from-reversed-phase-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-data
#13
Pablo Mortera, Federico A Zuljan, Christian Magni, Santiago A Bortolato, Sergio H Alarcón
Multivariate calibration coupled to RP-HPLC with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was applied to the identification and the quantitative evaluation of the short chain organic acids (malic, oxalic, formic, lactic, acetic, citric, pyruvic, succinic, tartaric, propionic and α-cetoglutaric) in fermented food. The goal of the present study was to get the successful resolution of a system in the combined occurrence of strongly coeluting peaks, of distortions in the time sensors among chromatograms, and of the presence of unexpected compounds not included in the calibration step...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127020/does-the-use-of-antifungal-agents-in-agriculture-and-in-food-foster-polyene-resistance-development-a-reason-for-concern
#14
REVIEW
Axel Dalhoff
Environmental fungicides are used in agriculture to reduce fungal spoilage of crop to a minimum and the polyene macrolide natamycin is used as a food preservative. The use of natamycin in yoghurt has recently been authorized in the USA and some other countries. However, resistance development is a serious risk associated with the use of antimicrobials as food additives and environmental fungicides. Cross-resistance between agricultural and medical azoles and amphothericin B, respectively, not being used in agriculture has been demonstrated in clinical and environmental isolates...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109953/processing-challenges-and-opportunities-of-camel-dairy-products
#15
REVIEW
Tesfemariam Berhe, Eyassu Seifu, Richard Ipsen, Mohamed Y Kurtu, Egon Bech Hansen
A review on the challenges and opportunities of processing camel milk into dairy products is provided with an objective of exploring the challenges of processing and assessing the opportunities for developing functional products from camel milk. The gross composition of camel milk is similar to bovine milk. Nonetheless, the relative composition, distribution, and the molecular structure of the milk components are reported to be different. Consequently, manufacturing of camel dairy products such as cheese, yoghurt, or butter using the same technology as for dairy products from bovine milk can result in processing difficulties and products of inferior quality...
2017: International Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083435/dairy-intakes-in-older-irish-adults-and-effects-on-vitamin-micronutrient-status-data-from-the-tuda-study
#16
E Laird, M C Casey, M Ward, L Hoey, C F Hughes, K McCarroll, C Cunningham, J J Strain, H McNulty, A M Molloy
BACKGROUND: Consumption of dairy products has been associated with positive health outcomes including a lower risk of hypertension, improved bone health and a reduction in the risk of type 2 diabetes. The suggested dairy intake for health in older adults is three servings per day but recent analysis of the NHANES data for older adults reported 98% were not meeting these recommendations. No studies have investigated the consequences of such declines in the dairy intakes of Irish older adults and the subsequent effects on vitamin micronutrient status...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080977/dairy-product-intake-and-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-70-year-old-swedes-a-contribution-to-the-nordic-diet-discussion
#17
Gianluca Tognon, Elisabet Rothenberg, Martina Petrolo, Valter Sundh, Lauren Lissner
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting results in the literature exist on the role of dairy products in the context of a Nordic Healthy Diet (NHD). Two recent Swedish studies indicate both negative and positive associations with total mortality when comparing key dairy products. There is no consensus about how to include these foods into the NHD. PURPOSE: To study consumption of cheese and milk products (milk, sour milk and unsweetened yoghurt) by 70-year-old Swedes in relation to all-cause mortality...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073460/quantification-of-lactobacillus-paracasei-viable-cells-in-probiotic-yoghurt-by-propidium-monoazide-combined-with-quantitative-pcr
#18
Mirella Crhistine Scariot, Gustavo Luiz Venturelli, Elane Schwinden Prudêncio, Ana Carolina Maisonnave Arisi
Propidium monoazide (PMA) coupled with qPCR has been successfully used for specific quantification of viable bacteria cells in diverse matrices food. The present study aimed to develop PMA-qPCR assay for quantification of Lactobacillus paracasei viable cells in probiotic yoghurt. L. paracasei grown in culture medium was submitted to heat treatment at 60°C for different periods of time and probiotic yoghurt containing L. paracasei were prepared and stored at 4°C for 30days. The viable cells were quantified using qPCR and PMA-qPCR assays targeting tuf gene and also by plate counting...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065710/effect-of-a-yoghurt-drink-containing-lactobacillus-strains-on-bacterial-vaginosis-in-women-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-clinical-pilot-trial
#19
C Laue, E Papazova, A Liesegang, A Pannenbeckers, P Arendarski, B Linnerth, K J Domig, W Kneifel, L Petricevic, J Schrezenmeir
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterised by a depletion of lactobacilli in favour of an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria. It is associated with increased risk for urogenital infections and abortion. In this study we assessed the effect of a yoghurt drink containing Lactobacillus strains on BV. The strains had been isolated from healthy pregnant women and selected for acidification capacity, production of H2O2, glycogen utilisation, bile salt tolerance and inhibition of pathogens. Using Amsel criteria BV was diagnosed in 36 women aged ≥18 years with stable menstrual cycle or menopause...
October 25, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063967/sequence-analysis-of-changes-in-microbial-composition-in-different-milk-products-during-fermentation-and-storage
#20
Barbora Zalewska, Marija Kaevska, Iva Slana
The objective of this study was to analyze the changes in the microbiota of milk products during fermentation and storage. Two kinds of Yoghurt, one Kefir, and one Acidophilus milk were observed during the fermentation process and storage using 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing. Cow's, goat's, raw and pasteurized milk were also examined. The most represented organisms in all manufactured products were shown to be those of the phylum Firmicutes. In some products, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria were also present in high amounts...
October 24, 2017: Current Microbiology
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