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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918426/do-health-claims-and-front-of-pack-labels-lead-to-a-positivity-bias-in-unhealthy-foods
#1
Zenobia Talati, Simone Pettigrew, Helen Dixon, Bruce Neal, Kylie Ball, Clare Hughes
Health claims and front-of-pack labels (FoPLs) may lead consumers to hold more positive attitudes and show a greater willingness to buy food products, regardless of their actual healthiness. A potential negative consequence of this positivity bias is the increased consumption of unhealthy foods. This study investigated whether a positivity bias would occur in unhealthy variations of four products (cookies, corn flakes, pizzas and yoghurts) that featured different health claim conditions (no claim, nutrient claim, general level health claim, and higher level health claim) and FoPL conditions (no FoPL, the Daily Intake Guide (DIG), Multiple Traffic Lights (MTL), and the Health Star Rating (HSR))...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917749/introduction-of-complementary-foods-in-sweden-and-impact-of-maternal-education-on-feeding-practices
#2
Sofia Klingberg, Johnny Ludvigsson, Hilde K Brekke
OBJECTIVE: To describe the introduction of complementary foods in a population-based cohort in relation to recommendations and explore the possible impact of maternal education on infant feeding practices. DESIGN: Prospective data from the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort study were used. The ABIS study invited all infants born in south-east Sweden during October 1997-October 1999 (n 21 700) to participate. A questionnaire was completed for 16 022 infants...
December 5, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907225/informativeness-of-ngs-analysis-for-vaginal-fluid-identification
#3
Saverio Giampaoli, Elisabetta DeVittori, Federica Valeriani, Andrea Berti, Vincenzo Romano Spica
The identification of vaginal fluids in forensic examinations plays an important role in crime scene reconstruction. Molecular detection of vaginal bacterial communities can lead to the correct discrimination of body fluids. These kinds of studies can be performed through multiplex real-time PCR using primers for a specific selection of bacteria. The availability of next-generation sequencing (NGS) protocols provided for the extension of the analysis to evaluate the prokaryotes present in specimens. In this study, DNA was extracted from 18 samples (vaginal, oral, fecal, yoghurt) and analyzed by real-time PCR and NGS...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872717/the-antibacterial-effect-of-ziziphora-clinopodioides-essential-oil-and-nisinagainst-salmonella-typhimurium-and-staphylococcus-aureus-in-doogh-a-yoghurt-based-iranian-drink
#4
Yasser Shahbazi
Doogh is the most popular and commonly consumed yoghurt-based Iranian drink. The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effects of Ziziphora clinopodioides essential oil (ZEO) at 0.10 and 0.20% concentrations, nisin at 250 and 500 IU mL(-1), and their combination against Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcusaureus in doogh during storage at 4 ˚C for  9 days. Nine batches were studied as follows: control: no ZEO or nisin added, A: 0.10% ZEO, B: 0.20% ZEO, C: 250 IU mL(-1) nisin, D: 500 IU mL(-1) nisin, E: 0...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847427/prevalence-of-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli-in-raw-milk-and-some-dairy-products
#5
Mona A El-Zamkan, Karima G Abdel Hameed
AIM: This study was accomplished to test raw milk and certain dairy products sold in local markets of Qena, Egypt, for the presence of Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 150 samples of raw milk, kareish cheese, and yoghurt (50 samples each) were subjected first to enrichment in Bolton broth at 42°C for 2 days under a microaerobic condition, subsequently campylobacter blood free selective agar plates were cultured and incubated in the same condition of the broth...
October 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846923/socio-economic-disparities-in-the-diet-of-french-children-and-adolescents-a-multidimensional-issue
#6
Peggy Drouillet-Pinard, Carine Dubuisson, Isabelle Bordes, Irène Margaritis, Sandrine Lioret, Jean-Luc Volatier
OBJECTIVE: The present research aimed to study the multidimensionality of the link between dietary intake and socio-economic position (SEP) in a representative sample of French children and adolescents, using a variety of SEP indicators. DESIGN: Data from the second French national food consumption survey (INCA2) were used. Information on food consumption was collected using a 7d food record and SEP data (occupation, education, income, household wealth indices) using questionnaires...
November 16, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#7
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765976/effect-of-ultrafiltered-milk-permeate-and-non-dairy-creamer-powder-concentration-on-low-phenylalanine-yoghurt-s-physicochemical-properties-during-storage
#8
Parisa Goldar, Mohammad Hadi Givianrad, Akbar Shams
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is a genetic disorder that has no cure and all patients with this disorder must adhere to a special diet to prevent the onset of symptoms and mental retardation in children. In this study, analog yoghurt with good and acceptable nutrition benefit for PKU patients was produced. Accordingly, ultrafiltered milk permeate was added at two different concentrations of 4 and 5 w/w % and non-dairy creamer at two different concentrations of 1.5 and 2 w/w %. Subsequently, pH, acidity, protein, fat, dry matter, humidity, syneresis and Phe of the yogurts were determined...
July 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722602/relating-rheology-and-tribology-of-commercial-dairy-colloids-to-sensory-perception
#9
Laura Laguna, Grace Farrell, Michael Bryant, Ardian Morina, Anwesha Sarkar
This study aims to investigate the relationship between rheological and tribological properties of commercial full fat and fat-free/low fat versions of liquid and soft solid colloidal systems (milk, yoghurt, soft cream cheese) with their sensory properties. Oscillatory measurements (strain, frequency), flow curves and tribological measurements (lubrication behaviour using Stribeck analysis) were conducted. Oral condition was mimicked using artificial saliva at 37 (○)C. Discrimination test was conducted by 63 untrained consumers, followed by a qualitative questionnaire...
September 22, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698594/the-comparing-of-antimicrobial-activity-of-csn1s2-protein-of-fresh-milk-and-yoghurt-goat-breed-ethawah-inhibited-the-pathogenic-bacteria
#10
Lidwina Faraline Triprisila, Suharjono Suharjono, Antonius Christianto, Fatchiyah Fatchiyah
BACKGROUND: Goat milk is reported to have antimicrobial activity of several pathogen bacteria that contained on food materials. The research related with antimicrobial activity of Alpha-S2 casein from goat milk is relatively less than other casein components. Herein, we reported the antimicrobial activity of caprine Alpha-S2 Casein (CSN1S2) protein from Ethawah breed goat milk and yoghurt in Gram positive (Listeria monocytogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) and negative pathogen bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhi and Shigella flexneri)...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649693/vegan-vegetarian-low-protein-supplemented-diets-in-pregnant-ckd-patients-fifteen-years-of-experience
#11
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Silvia Parisi, Federica Fassio, Irene Capizzi, Valentina Loi, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Martina Gerbino, Stefania Maxia, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Fosca Minelli, Ettore Piccoli, Elisabetta Versino, Marilisa Biolcati, Paolo Avagnina, Antonello Pani, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Tullia Todros, Giorgina B Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in women with advanced CKD becoming increasingly common. However, experience with low-protein diets in CKD patients in pregnancy is still limited. Aim of this study is to review the results obtained over the last 15 years with moderately restricted low-protein diets in pregnant CKD women (combining: CKD stages 3-5, proteinuria: nephrotic at any time, or > =1 g/24 at start or referral; nephrotic in previous pregnancy). CKD patients on unrestricted diets were employed for comparison...
September 20, 2016: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637948/oleaginous-yeasts-from-ethiopia
#12
Tamene Milkessa Jiru, Dawit Abate, Nicholas Kiggundu, Carolina Pohl, Marizeth Groenewald
Oleaginous microorganisms can produce high amounts of oil (>20 % of their biomass) under suitable cultivation conditions. In this research work 200 samples were collected from soil, plant surfaces (leaves, flowers and fruits), waste oils from traditional oil milling houses and dairy products (cheese, milk and yoghurt) in Ethiopia. Three hundred and forty yeast colonies were isolated from these samples. By applying Sudan III staining tests, 18 strains were selected as possible oleaginous yeasts. The 18 strains were identified and characterized for their lipid production as a feedstock for biodiesel production in the future...
December 2016: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627032/validation-of-the-optimal-site-in-the-neck-region-for-detecting-swallowing-sounds
#13
Q Pan, N Maeda, Y Manda, N Kodama, S Minagi
Recently, the swallowing sound has been used to detect swallowing events non-invasively. A previous study, using an accelerometer, showed that the site over the lateral border of the trachea immediately inferior to the cricoid cartilage was the optimal site for detecting swallowing sounds. However, the optimal site for detection of the swallowing sound using a microphone remains undetermined. To validate the optimal site in the neck region for detecting swallowing sounds. Fourteen healthy subjects (mean age, 27·6 ± 2·2 years; seven male and seven female) participated in this study...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621698/the-impact-of-proteolytic-pork-hydrolysate-on-microbial-flavor-and-free-amino-acids-compounds-of-yogurt
#14
Jinzhong Lin, Baozhen Hua, Zhiping Xu, Sha Li, Chengjie Ma
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of proteolytic pork hydrolysate (PPH) on yoghurt production by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. Fresh lean pork was cut into pieces and mixed with deionized water and dealt with protease, then the resulting PPH was added to milk to investigate the effects of PPH on yoghurt production. The fermentation time, the viable cell counts, the flavor, free amino acids compounds, and sensory evaluation of yoghurt were evaluated...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600972/leucocyte-expression-of-genes-implicated-in-the-plasminogen-activation-cascade-is-modulated-by-yoghurt-peptides
#15
Georgios Theodorou, Ioannis Politis
The urokinase-plasminogen activator (u-PA), its receptor (u-PAR) and the inhibitors of u-PA (PAI-1 and PAI-2) provide a multi-molecular system in leucocytes that exerts pleiotropic functions influencing the development of inflammatory and immune responses. The objective of the present study was to examine the ability of water soluble extracts (WSE) obtained from traditional Greek yoghurt made from bovine or ovine milk to modulate the expression of u-PA, u-PAR, PAI-1 and PAI-2 in ovine monocytes and neutrophils...
August 2016: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593452/comparison-of-sensory-specific-satiety-between-normal-weight-and-overweight-children
#16
Helene Egebjerg Rischel, Louise Aas Nielsen, Michael Gamborg, Per Møller, Jens-Christian Holm
Sensory properties of some foods may be of importance to energy consumption and thus the development and maintenance of childhood obesity. This study compares selected food related qualities in overweight and normal weight children. Ninety-two participants were included; 55 were overweight with a mean age of 11.6 years (range 6-18 years) and a mean BMI z-score of 2.71 (range 1.29-4.60). The 37 normal weight children had a mean age of 13.0 years (range 6-19 years) and a mean BMI z-score of 0.16 (range -1.71 to 1...
December 1, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588236/survival-of-bifidobacterium-longum-lmg-13197-microencapsulated-in-vegetal-or-vegetal-inulin-matrix-in-simulated-gastrointestinal-fluids-and-yoghurt
#17
Andreal Chioma Amakiri, Mapitsi Silvester Thantsha
BACKGROUND: Vegetal BM 297 ATO is a food grade lipid based material extracted from vegetables, and certified for human consumption. In this study, Bifidobacterium longum LMG 13197 was encapsulated in Vegetal BM 297 ATO-inulin by freeze drying, followed by evaluation of its survival in simulated gastrointestinal fluids and yoghurt. Furthermore, the effect of incorporation of such microparticles on physico-chemical properties of yoghurt was examined. Unencapsulated and encapsulated B. longum cells were exposed to simulated gastrointestinal fluids for 6 h and yoghurt at 4 °C for 6 weeks, and then evaluated for viability using plate counts...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580635/food-product-design-emerging-evidence-for-food-policy
#18
Mohammed Al-Hamdani, Steven Smith
The research on the impact of specific brand elements such as food descriptors and package colors is underexplored. We tested whether a "light" color and a "low-calorie" descriptor on food packages gain favorable consumer perception ratings as compared with regular packages. Our online experiment recruited 406 adults in a 3 (product type: Chips versus Juice versus Yoghurt) × 2 (descriptor type: regular versus low-calorie) × 2 (color type: regular versus light) mixed design. Dependent variables were sensory (evaluations of the product's nutritional value and quality), product-based (evaluations of the product's physical appeal), and consumer-based (evaluations of the potential consumers of the product) scales...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528809/etiology-of-childhood-burns-and-parental-awareness-in-turkey
#19
İsa Sözen, Cem Emir Güldoğan, Ahmet Çınar Yastı
OBJECTIVE: Burns continue to be a devastating trauma worldwide. Most of the childhood burns are due to preventable injuries. Burns occurring as a result of negligence of the parents'/carers' may cause mortality or life-long morbidities. Identification of the etiologies will direct the precautions that should be undertaken. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred consequent burn patients admitted to our clinics were included to the study. A questionnaire was filled in with the information gathered from the parents/carers...
2016: Ulusal Cerrahi Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501783/nutrition-transition-and-obesity-among-teenagers-and-young-adults-in-south-asia
#20
Ranil Jayawardena, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Maheshi Wijayabandara, Andrew P Hills, Anoop Misra
Introduction Obesity among teenagers/adolescents and young adults is associated with significant adverse short and longer-term effects on health. To date, no narrative reviews have evaluated nutrition transition and its contribution to the obesity epidemic among adolescents and young adults in the South Asian (SA) region. Methods Data were retrieved by a four-stage systematic search process. A search of the online PubMed/Medline, SciVerse Scopus and Web of Science databases was performed. The age groups were defined as follows; teenage:13-19 years, adolescence:10-18 years and young adult:19-24 years...
August 8, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
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